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GENEALOGY 
M61W 

v.a 



"West Virginia 



AND Its People 



THOMAS CONDIT MILLER 



AND 

HU MAXWELL 



f 7 S" / VOLUME II 

■a. 



NEW YORK 

Lewis Historical Publishing Company 
1913 







,is Historical riiu, 
1913 



1205993 



Family and Personal History 



The name of Caldwell is an honorable one in Ameri- 
CALDWELL can annals. No family made a brighter record for 
patriotism and personal bravery during the war of 
the Revolution, and in the trying pioneer times when the states were 
coming into shape on new soil. From the Lakes to the Gulf and from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific, this family now extends, growing out of the 
sturdy parent stock. They have left their imprint wherever the Eng- 
lish language is spoken, at all times and under all circumstances, and it 
may be truthfully said that their record has been an enviable one. 

The earliest mention of the Caldwell family relates to three brothers 
John, Alexander and Oliver — who were seamen on the ^^lediterranean, 
in the latter part of the fifteenth centur)-. These brothers had an estate 
named Mount Arid, near Toulon, in France. During the reign of Fran- 
cis I. of France, they in time of religious persecution, being Huguenots, 
were forced to leave France for a refuge in Scotland, in which country 
they purchased an estate from a Bishop named Douglass, near Solway 
Firth. This purchase was made with consent of King James I. of Eng- 
land, on condition that "the said brothers, John, Alexander and Oliver, 
late of Mount Arid," should have their estate known as "'Cauldwell." and 
when the king should require, they should each send a son, with twenty 
men of sound limbs, to aid in the wars of the king. 

An heirloom is a cup, from which it is seen that the estate took its 
name from a watering place. The cup represents a chieftain and twenty 
mounted men, all armed, and a man drawing water from a well, with the 
words underneath, "Ale.xander of Cauldwell ;" also a fire burning on a 
hill, over the words "Mount Arid," and a vessel surrounded by high 
waves. Joseph, John, Alexander, Daniel, David and Andrew, of Cauld- 
well, went with Oliver Cromwell (whose grandmother was Ann of 
Cauldwell,) to Ireland, of which he was the lord governor. After his 
promotion to the protectorate of England, they remained in his interest 
in Ireland until the restoration of Charles II. 

John Caldwell, son of the above named John Caldwell, in about 1742 
settled in Lunenburg, now Charlotte county, \"irginia. where he was sub- 
sequently joined by relatives, forming what was known as "Caldwell 
Settlement" for many years. His son, James Caldwell, was the cele- 
brated "Fighting Parson of the Revolution." He was born in Charlotte 
county, Virginia, about 1743, graduated from Princeton in 1759, and was 
ordained in 1762. He served as chaplain in the army of the Revolution. 
and acted as commissary to the troops in Xew Jersey. He was killed 
by a shot from a sentinel, at Elizabethtown Point. New Jersey, Novem- 
ber 24th, 1781. It is of him that Bret Harte wrote: 

"Nothing more did I say? Stay one moment; you've heard 

Of Caldwell, the Parson, who once preached the Word 

Down at Springfield? What. No? Come — that's bad, why he had 

All the Jerseys aflame! And they gave him the name 

Of 'the Rebel High Priest.' He stuck in their gorge. 

For he loved the Lord God — and he hated King George!'' 

"Why, just what he did! They were left in the lurch 

For the want of more wadding. He ran to the church, 

Broke the door, stripped the pews, and dashed out in the road 

With his arms full of hymn-books, and threw down his load 

At their feet ! Then above all the shouting and shots. 

Rang his voice — 'Put Watts into'em ! Boys, give'em Watts !' 



6 WEST VIRGINIA 

And they did. That is all. Grasses spring, flowers blow, 
Pretty much as they did ninety-three years ago. 
You may dig anywliere and you'll turn up a ball, 
But not always a Hero like this, and that's all." 

Space cannot be given in this work for even a brief mention of the 
different and numerous settlements of Caldwells in America, and of 
their intimate and honorable associations with the ecclesiastical, military, 
civil, industrial and commercial affairs of their country. 

However, as they were among tlie very earliest pioneers in the settle- 
ment of the Northern Pan Handle of Virginia, it is proper to give some 
account of the Caldwells who settled at what is now the city of Wheel- 
ing, in Ohio county. West Mrginia (formerly Virginia). 

This branch of the Caldwells were from Northern Ireland, and are 
the descendants of one John Caldwell, a merchant at Enniskillen, Ire- 
land, who was born at Preston, in Ayrshire, Scotland, and died in 1639. 
The following notes respecting the descendants of this John Caldwell 
were made in 1895, by Mr. Alexander W. Caldwell, grandson of Alfred 
Caldwell, the elder, hereinafter mentioned, who was born in Wheeling, 
West Virginia, but now a resident of St. Paul, Minnesota, that is to say: 

"At the Revolution (of 1688-9), Sir James Caldwell's services were of the high- 
est importance, as appears by the following case enclosed in a petition to King 
William. 

'"The State of the Case of Sir James Caldwell, Bart. 

" 'That he staid in Ireland in all the late troubles at and near Enniskillen till 
the end of the year 1689, and raised and maintained a regiment of foot .and two 
troops of horse at his own charge and kept the same at the great passes at Belleck 
and Donegal, between Connaught and the province of Ulster, which was of such 
consequence that it hindered communication between the enemies in the said 
province of Connaught (which were very numerous) from joining or recruiting 
those besieging Londonderry. 

" 'That the said Sir James Caldwell was besieged by a detached party from 
Col. Sarsfield of about the number of two thousand foot and three troops of 
dragoons about the 3rd of May, 1689, and was forced to send to Enniskillen, Castle 
Hume and other neighboring garrisons for relief, which came on the 8th of May 
and joined the forces which Sir James Caldwell had, who then fought the enemy 
near St. James's House and routed them, killing about a hundred and twenty and 
took seventy prisoners, two cannon, many small arms and about forty horses from 
the enemy. 

" 'That the said Sir James Caldwell also placed his son Hugh Caldwell in 
the garrison of Donegal over three companies of foot and a troop of horse, being 
the next garrison to Londonderry the Protestants were possessed of. which was 
of such consequence that, if the enemy had been masters of it, the whole country 
about Enniskillen must have submitted to them. 

" 'That the said Hugh Caldwell had several ofTers of money and preferment 
from the Duke of Berwick to surrender the place, but always told him he would 
defend it to the last ; as appears afterwards by the defense he made against the 
Duke, who attacked him with 1.500 men, burnt sonic part of the town, but was 
beaten off with considerable loss, which Col, Luttrel can give an account of, as also 
of the said Sir James's vigilant and faithful behavior in the defense of that 
country, 

" 'That the said Sir James Caldwell went in an open boat from Donegal to 
Major ricneral Kirk, by sea. forty leagiies on the most dangerous coast in that 
kinKdiiui, not li.ivlti'^' any other way to have communication with him. to acquaint 
him with lliP coiiiliiinn of that country,_ to which he was tlieii ,1 stranger, and to 
get arms and amniunition from him, which were greatly wanting to arm the naked 
men in the country. Some time after the said James Caldwell was sent back with 
Colonel Wolseley, Colonel TiflFany and Colonel Wynne and some ammunition by 
the said Major General, who then gave tlie said Sir James a commission to be 
colonel of foot and a troop of horse independent, as by the said commissions will 
appear ; that within four or five days after they landed their men were forced to 
fight Lieutenant General Macarty and obtained a great victory a.gainst him as has 
been heard.' (On comparison with Macaulay's account of this war in his His- 
tory of England, it is found that the battle of Newton Butler is here referred toL 

" 'That the said Sir James met Duke Schombcrg when he landed at Carrick- 
fergus and staid the siege of that place; and afterwards went to Dundalk with the 



WEST VIRGINIA 7 

Duke, and staid that campaign with him till about a week before he decamped, 
which the now Duke Schomberg will certify. 

" 'That the said Sir James Caldwell expended in money, arms, provisions and 
other necessaries to support those troops, which were raised for the King's ser- 
vice, and what he lost by the destruction of his town, houses, iron-mills, stud of 
horses and stock of black cattle and other essential losses amounted to about ten 
thousand pounds. 

" 'That the said Sir James's second son also suffered very much by cattle 
and provisions taken from him by our own army at Bally Shannon, for the main- 
tenance of that garrison, without which they could not have sustained. 

" 'That the said James Caldwell had after the campaign at Dundalk a regi- 
ment of dragoons and a regiment of foot quartered in his house and town of 
Beileck. which did him much damage and destroyed many things which he with 
so much difficulty saved from the enemy. 

" 'That also the said Sir James's daughter, Elizabeth, conveyed several quan- 
tities of powder from Dublin by his commands to Enniskillen and other garrisons 
thereabout, to the hazard of her life, as may appear by my Lord Capel's report upon 
a reference to him.' " 

"The truth of the above statement was supported by various docu- 
ments from the Lord Lieutenant and other officers of the King. His 
majesty, in recompense of his services, bestowed upon him in custodian 
for seven years the whole of the forfeited Bagnal estate, then let for 
£8000 per annum ; at the end of which time it was to be restored to 
the- Bagnal family and Sir James was to be otherwise provided for." 
Richard Ryan's "Biographia Hibernia," vol. i, pp. 364, et scq. 

Sir James Caldwell died in 1716. — (Burke, z'idc infra.) 

A great-grandson of John, the merchant of Enniskillen, Henry Cald- 
well, was lieutenant commander of the British army for the defense of 
Quebec. Charles, his brother, was aide-de-camp to Gen. Wolfe. Sir 
John of Castle Caldwell, treasurer-general of Canada, died at Tremont 
House, Boston. 1842. (Caldwell Records, p. 76). 

The son of the last mentioned John Caldwell, James Caldwell, Esq.. 
settled at Ross Beg, afterwards called "Castle Caldwell," county Fer- 
managh, Province of Ulster, and was created a baronet of Ireland, June 
23rd, 1683. He married Catherine, daughter of Sir John Hume, Baronet 
of Castle Hume, county of Fermanagh. (J. B. Burke's "Peerage and 
Baronetage" (1851), p. 163. See "Caldwell Records" by Augustine Cald- 
well, p. 76). 

A later Sir James Caldwell, before he succeeded to the title and es- 
tates, was a colonel of horse in the service of the Great Empress of Aus- 
tria, Maria Theresa, and was by her made Count of Milan, in Italy. 

The seat of the Caldwells, at Castle Caldwell, was a very beautiful 
one. The ruin of the castle itself at this day is one of the sights of Ire- 
land. On one side of it, towards Lake Erne, were the gardens, and on 
the other was a beautifully wooded park which extended practically from 
the ruins of the old castle to the railroad running across Ireland from 
Bundoran on the west coast to Dundalk on the east. A chapel stood in 
the park, of which only some of the walls now remain, although the fam- 
ily graves are still intact in the crypt. On the side of the park, next to 
the railroad, is the park entrance or lodge, which, owing to the fact that 
the railroad track passes over the old arch gate, is still in a fine state of 
preservation. 

During the reign of George IV, he and his court were entertained at 
Castle Caldwell, and the expense incurred by the then Baronet started 
the loss of fortune that has culminated in the whole estate passing out of 
the Caldwell blood and name. 

A curious relic is to be seen from the railroad, opposite the station at 
Castle Caldwell, in the shape of a gigantic marble fiddle that was a tomb 
stone in the churchyard, near the chapel, over the remains of a fiddler, 



8 WEST \IRG1XIA 

who had been in the service of the later Sir James Caldwell. On this 
tombstone the following is inscribed : 

"To the memory of Dennis McCabe. Fidler, who fell out of the St. Patrick 
Barge belonging to Sir James Caldwell, Bart., and Count of Milan. & was drown'd 
off this Point, August ye I3thr 1770. 

"Beware ye Fidlers of ye Fidler fate 
Ne'et tempt ye deep lest ye repent too late 
You ever have been deem'd to water F'oes 
then shun ye lake til! it with whiskey flows, 
on firm land only exercise your skill 
there you may play and safely drink 3'our fill." 

Four generations of the Caldwells lived in the old castle at one time, 
a consideration of which causes one to cease to wonder at their loss of 
property. 

A descendant of John Caldwell, the merchant of Enniskillen, and of 
his son Sir James Caldwell, was his grandson, James Caldwell, who was 
born in Ulster, Ireland, in 1724, and who settled at Wheeling, Ohio 
county, Virginia, in 1772. In 1769 such grandson left Ireland with his 
wife Elizabeth (nee Alexander, who was born in 1737, and to whom he 
was married in 1752,) with nine children, and on the long passage over, 
another was born to them. They landed at Havre de Grace, Alaryland, 
in the last mentioned year, and after a short stay in that place moved to 
Baltimore, Maryland, at which city another son was born, who was 
named James, and is hereinafter described as James the younger, his 
father being designated as James, the elder. Among their children born 
in Ireland was one John, who was a young man when the family arrived 
in America, and who had received his education before their departure 
from their old home in Ulster, in the county of Tyrone, near Castle Cald- 
well, which is situated in the county of Fermanagh, very close to the 
Tyrone border. This son, John, was an engineer and surveyor by profes- 
sion. Two other sons \vere born in this country besides James, Alexan- 
der, a distinguished lawyer, who became a judge of the United States 
Court, for the Western District of \'irginia, and Joseph, who was born 
during the Revolutionary War, and who throughout a long life occupied 
a most prominent and honoralile position in the business and social life 
of Wheeling. 

The records of (Jhin count)-, N'irginia (now West \'irginia) show 
tliat Col. Robert Woods, county surveyor, surveyed, March 28th, 1781, 
for James Caldwell (the elder), four hundred acres fronting on the 
Cihio river and Wheeling creek, including his settlement made thereon in 
the year 1772. and that the next day Col. Woods surveyed an adjoining 
four hundred acres for James Caldwell, the elder, on the south of the 
four hundred at the junction of the Ohio river and W'heeling creek, in- 
cludini' the said Caldwell's settlement, made thereon in the year 1772. 
(See Survey Book of Ohio county, \'irginia, No. i, page 44.) These 
tw'O surveys for four hundred acres each extended from Wheeling creek 
along the Ohio river to Caldwell's run, and embraced a large portion of 
the land on which the city of \\'lieeling now stands. In the same Survey 
Book, at page 19, it appears that Col. \\'oods surveyed for Ebenezer 
Zane a tract of four hundred acres, on the Ohio river, and north side of 
Wheeling creek, including his settlement made in the year 1774. In the 
same Survey Book, at ])age 32, it appears that Col. Woods also surveyed 
for Jonathan Zane one hundred and forty acres next to and north of the 
survey of Ebenezer Zane before mentioned, which survey for Jonathan 
Zane included his scttlciuent made in 177^'. and calk for a corner to a 



WEST VIRGINIA 9 

It will be seen from these surveys, on the strength of which patents 
were granted by the Commonwealth of \'irginia to James Caldwell, 
Ebenezer Zane and Jonathan Zane, signed by Patrick Henry, Governor of 
Virginia, that James Caldwell's actual settlement in what is now the city 
of Wheeling, was made in 1772, that of Ebenezer Zane in 1774, and 
that of Jonathan Zane in 1776. 

The corner of James Caldwell, spoken of in the Jonathan Zane sur- 
vey, is on Wheeling creek, in what is now the town of Fulton, James 
Caldwell having a right to, and subsequently receiving a patent for the 
land subsequently known as the Steenrod property, extending from the 
western line of Fulton to the Woods property, at Woodsdale. 

James Caldwell, the elder, was a man of great importance in the 
pioneer days. As will be seen by an inspection of Order Book No. i of 
Ohio county, A'irginia, at pages i and 2, on January 6th, 1777, at Black's 
Cabin (now in the village of West Liberty), Ohio county, \'irginia. the 
first court in that county was organized, under an order of the general 
assembly of the Commonwealth of \'irginia, and David Sheepherd, Silas 
Hedge, William Scott and James Caldwell, were, by virtue of a certain 
writ of dcdiiiiiis potestatiiui, sworn in as justices of the peace, and the 
said Sheepherd swore in Zachariah Sprigg, Thomas Waller and David 
McClain as justices of the peace, and the said Sheepherd, Hedge, Scott, 
Caldwell, Sprigg, Waller and JNIcClain took their seats on the bench and 
proceeded with the business of the court. Among other things, on the 
said 6th day of January, 1777, and the day following, such county court 
proceeded to consider the subject of the organization of the militia of 
the county, and recommended to the governor of the state of \'irginia the 
names of officers for the militia, from county lieutenant and colonel down 
to and inclusive of the ensigns. 

James Caldwell, the elder, seems to have had a great desire for the 
acquisition of land, acquiring title to thousands of acres not only in and 
about the city of Wheeling but in the lower portion of what was then the 
county of Ohio, in the state of A'irginia, along what is known as the Long 
Reach, now in Tyler county, and Middle Island creek and its tributaries, 
now in the counties of Tyler and Wetzel. He left a will dated April 
22nd, 1802, in which he disposes of his large landed property as well as 
of his personalty. It is recorded in the office of the clerk of the county 
court of Ohio county, ^^'est Mrginia, in Will Book No. i, commencing at 
page 64. 

Besides taking his oath as a justice of the peace of the common- 
wealth of Virginia, under the appointment of Patrick Henry, Governor 
of Virginia, James Caldwell, the elder, took about the same time, after 
the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, an oath of allegiance to the 
Commonwealth of \irginia, and of repudiation of all fealty to George 
III., King of Great Britain. While Mrginia was in full rebellion against 
British rule, in January, 1777, as stated, James Caldwell, the elder, took 
civil office under the rebel government of that commonwealth as one of 
the gentlemen justices of the peace who constituted the first county 
court of Ohio county, Mrginia, a position which he held thereafter 
throughout the Revolutionary War. He was active, as one of the mem- 
bers of that court, in the work of military organization of the people of 
the western section of Mrginia. He was nominally a civil officer, but to 
he a civilian during such time in the locality where he resided, on the 
western border of A'irginia, meant also to be a soldier engaged in more 
or less active warfare by day and by night, during the whole war period 
from 1775 to 1783, and meant in his case that he was one of what has 
been aptly termed by an able author : "The Rear Guard of the Revolu- 
tion." During that period the region in which he lived was a constant 



lo WEST MRGINIA 

theater of war with the Indians, armed by the British, and nnder their 
influence, and aided by them by frequent co-operating expeditions of 
Tory forces, and occasionally of British regulars, from the Canadian 
posts. These Indians were as much the mercenary soldiers of Great 
Britain as the Hessians and Waldeckers in the East. He took part in 
the defense of Fort Henry during its siege in September, 1777, together 
with his oldest son, John Caldwell, who helped build the Fort. 

The family of James Caldwell, the elder, at the time of his emigra- 
tion, consisted of his wife, Elizabeth; his son, John, born January 22. 
1753; his daughter, Ann, born May 17, 1755; Mary, born May 27, 1756: 
Sarah, born December 28, 1758; Frances, born December 15, 1760; 
Jeanette, born December 10, 1762; Lovel)', born April 6, 1764; Eliza- 
beth, born August 15, 1765; and Jane, born September 13, 1767, dying 
young. A son. Samuel, was born at sea, March lo,' 1769, during the pas- 
sage. Four more children were born in America, viz : James, born No- 
vember 30, 1770, at Baltimore, Maryland: Susanna, born December 30, 
1772; Alexander, born November i, 1774: and Joseph, born August 8. 
1777, making fourteen children in all. 

James Caldwell, the elder, died at Wheeling, in the year 1804, at his 
residence on Main street, on the site of the lot now occupied by the resi- 
dence of Dr. L. S. Spragg, on the east side of such street, between 
Eighth and Ninth streets, and directly opposite the List family home- 
stead. His house was removed comparatively a few years ago to make 
way for the erection of the present residence of Dr. Spragg. The joists 
were of walnut logs, and the nails used in the house construction had all 
been forged by hand by blacksmiths, and resembled the nails used in 
the shoeing of horses at the present time. 

His death probably occurred in August of 1804, as his will was ad- 
mitted to probate on the 3rd day of September of that year, as is shown 
by order book of the county cinu't <it ( >hio comity, \'irginia, No. 9, at 
page 261. 

He was a man of determined tLni])erami.nt. and great courage, as is 
shown by the fact of his emigration from Europe to this country at so 
early a date as 1769, bringing with him a wife and his numerous family 
of children of all ages, and in moving them to what was then the extreme 
West, and in a country subject to incur-ions of hostile savages. Tlie 
records of the county court of < )l-.ici county. \\'est \'irginia, contain evi- 
dence of his resolute character. 

After he had been for many years president of the county court, he 
v/as, August 2nd, 1802, acting as foreman of a grand jury therein, and 
the court, desiring the presence of one of his grand jurors, ordered the 
grand juror to come from the grand jury room into the court. The fore- 
man, who had been so long a member of this august tribunal, the county 
court of Ohio county, Virginia, seemed to have had but little re.spect for 
the then members of the bench, and positively refused to permit the grand 
juryman to leave the jury room in obedience to the court's summons. 
The result was that James Caldwell, the elder, foreman of the grand- 
jury, was fined for his contcmiit. by ilie cam. in the ^uni <'f three dollars, 
and required to pay the costs incident l^ ilu' procecdin.t;-. (See Order 
Book of the County Court of Ohio cnuniw Xo. S, at page i()2. ) 

In Order Book No. 8 of the Count\ ( nnrt ni ( )hio county, at page 85. 
appears an order authorizing the taking of !lu- lotimony of James Cald- 
well, the elder, in perpetual memory thai lli^ nephew. James Caldwell, 
son of Samuel, was the oldest son of the said ."^anniel. and in this order 
it recites that James Caldwell, the elder, was formerly of the countv of 
Tyrone, in the Kingdom of Great Britain. On page 8<) of the s:\ine 1 )r- 
dn- i;o,,k. Ihr d(i"iHtion is ,,rdrrvd to be lin.nglu into court. ;ind lo be 



WEST VIRGINIA it 

recorded in perpetual memory. These proceedings show that James 
Caldwell, the elder, came from the comity of Tyrone. 

Before the Revolutionary War, the British authorities erected, at 
intervals along the Ohio river, below Fort Duquesne, built by the French 
at Pittsburg, a number of forts or stockades for the purpose of holding 
the very desirable valley of the Ohio from the French, as well as for 
places of refuge in event of Indian forays against the settlers. Among 
these was a fort at Wheeling, constructed under the direction of Lord 
Dunmore, Royal Governor of Mrginia, by John Caldwell, (son of James 
Caldwell, the elder), and Ebenezer Zane. the elder, the fortification being 
laid out by John Caldwell. The west and south sides thereof were pro- 
tected by precipitous gravel banks which would expose any assailing 
party to the view and fire from the port. It was first called Fort Fin- 
castle, but when the Revolution broke out the name was changed to Fort 
Henry in honor of Patrick Henry, the Rebel Governor of Virginia. 

John Caldwell was always fond of the woods, and was a great hunter 
and Indian fighter. He was badly wounded in the leg on the west slope 
of Wheeling Hill, when scouting, during one of the Indian attacks upon 
Fort Henry, and this wound caused him to limp slightly for the balance 
of his life. 

Among the other landed possessions of James Caldwell, the elder, 
was that portion of AMieeling Island lying south of a line running west 
across the Island from the center of Wheeling creek, which included all 
of what is now popularly known as "Stone Town" and the West Vir- 
ginia 'Exposition Grounds. His right to this part of the Island was sold 
by him to Ebenezer Zane, the elder, who procured a patent for the whole 
of the Island, after purchasing the right of James Caldwell, the elder. 

James Caldwell, the younger — One of the sons of James Caldwell, 
the elder, was called for his "father, receiving the old Caldwell name of 
James. While a mere lad, he was in Fort Henry during the last siege 
thereof, and helped mould bullets with his mother and the other women, 
for the use of the riflemen who defended it against the British and In- 
dians. He was born, as hereinbefore stated, at Baltimore, Maryland. 
November 30th, 1770. His death occurred at Beemer's Tavern, at the 
southwest corner of }ilain and Ninth streets, in Wheeling, in May of 
1838. He left a large estate for that day, which was disposed of by his 
will, dated May 3rd, 1838, and which was admitted to probate and rec- 
ord by the circuit court of Ohio county, \^irginia, on the 31st day of the 
same month and year. 

In the latter part of the previous century, James Caldwell, the young- 
er, left his home at Wheeling and moved to St. Clairsville, in the state of 
Ohio, where he pursued the business of a merchant for quite a number 
of years. The rapid development of the section of the country in which 
lie lived impressed upon him the necessity for greater banking facilities, 
and he devoted the later years of his life exclusively to banking. He 
was president for quite a period and up to the time of his death, of the 
Merchants' and ^Mechanics' Bank of Wheeling, one of the predecessors 
of what is now the National Exchange Bank in that city. 

He married Anne Bucher (anglicized to Booker), of Winchester, 
A'irginia, the daughter of Jacob Bucher, a Revolutionary soldier of Ger- 
man stock, and Anna Mary Whetzel. his wife, also of the same race. Ja- 
cob Bucher or Booker was a man of means, as is shown by the public 
records at Winchester. A^irginia, and by the distribution of his property 
made in his will, which is there recorded. The exact date of the mar- 
riage of James Caldwell, the younger, we cannot state. 

He was a man of fine business capacity, and very highly respected 
both in Ohio and in the portion of A^irglnia, in which he died. He was a 



12 WEST MRclXIA 

widower at the time of his death, boarding at Beemer's Hotel, and giving 
his attention to the management of the bank of which he was president. 
Being quite a pohtician, he filled many official positions in the state of 
Ohio. He was one of the members of the constitutional convention of 
1802, which formulated the first constitution of the state of Ohio, and 
served a number of years, to wit: 1811-1812: and 1819-1824, in the sen- 
ale of that state, when the capital was at Chillicothe, and was clerk of 
the court in Belmont county from 1806 to 1810. A Democrat in politics, 
he was a member from Ohio in the Thirteenth Congress, and was re- 
elected and served during the Fourteenth, from the district of which Bel- 
mont county was a part. He was a member of the important standing 
committee on claims, post offices and post roads, and public expenditures. 
James Caldwell, the younger, and his wife, were buried at St. Clairsville. 
Pielmont county. Ohio. 

Alfred Cafdzi'cU. the elder — One of the children of James Caldwell, 
the younger, and Anne Booker Caldwell, his wife, was Alfred Caldwell, 
the elder, who was born June 4th, 1817, at St. Clairsville. Ohio. After re- 
ceiving good preliminary instruction he entered Washington College, at 
Washington. Pennsylvania, now Washington and Jefferson University, 
as a sophomore, in November of 1833. and took the full remaining 
course, graduating from that institution with the degree of A. B.. in the 
class of 1836. Among his classmates were the distinguished theologian. 
Rev. James I. Brownson. D. D., of Washington. Pennsylvania : the 
equally distinguished physician, Robert Hazlett Cummins, M. D., of 
Wheeling ; the distinguished lawyer of Pittsburg. George P. Hainilton ; 
and many others too numerous to mention. After graduation from 
Washington College he entered the law department of Harvard Univer- 
sity, and at the commencement of that high institution. August 29th. 
1838, received the degree of Bachelor of Laws. His diploma from Har- 
vard is signed by his very distinguished instructors, Josiah Ouincy. Jo- 
seph Story and Simon Greenleaf. men whose names are known in every 
civilized land. 

He commenced the practice of law at WHieeling. \'irginia. and had 
resumed practice, after an absence of about six years, at the time of 
h's death, which occurred at his residence, in Wheeling, West \'irginia. 
May 3rd, 1868. Although he died in his fifty-first year, his life was a 
most active one. Indefatigable in his efforts in the practice of his pro- 
fession of law. he always occupied an important position in the commun- 
ity in which he lived, both socially and politically. His integrity, learning 
and legal ability earned him the patronage, respect and confidence of his 
fellow citizens, demonstrated by his repeated elections to important po- 
litical offices, and the very extensive legal practice that he always enjoyed. 

He was married, August i6th, 1839, to Martha, daughter of George 
Baird, Esq.. of Washington. Pennsylvania, and after her death, which 
occurred in 1859. he married Miss Alice Wheat, of \Mieeling. who sur- 
vived him. By his first marriage he had nine children, (one of whom 
died in infancy), and five by his second marriage. The eight children of 
his first marriage who survived their father, and the five of the second. 
are all of them, in 1913. still living, which fact demonstrates the vigor 
of their race. 

He was elected mayor of the city of Wheeling. Mrginia. in January 
of 1850. defeating Hon. Sobieski Brady, who was his immediate pre- 
decessor in that office. Tn January of 185 1 he was again elected mayor of 
that city, over George T. Tingle. Esq., who served for many years as 
secretary of the WHieeling Gas Company. Declining candidacy for the 
mayorality again until 1856. he was at the election of that year, as well 
as that of the following year, again chosen mayor of the city, serving for 



WEST \IRG1XIA 13 

tlie years 1856 and 1857. So great was his popularity that no candidate 
could be induced to run against him at the last two elections. As mayor 
of the city of Wheeling, he rigidly administered the laws, holding may- 
or's court, and compelling an obedience by the rougher element to the 
ordinances of the city. 

In 1856 Alfred Caldwell, the elder, running as an independent candi- 
date against Col. Jones of Brooke county, a Democrat, was elected to the 
senate of the state of Virginia. He then had a strong sympathy with the 
new Republican party, which soon ripened into a full union with it. His 
attendance in the senate at Richmond was a most tempestuous experi- 
ence. Having previously made himself obnoxious to the dominant fac- 
tions in the Virginia senate by his endorsement and circulation of Help- 
er's "Impending Crisis," an offense which cost John Sherman the speak- 
ership of the House of Representatives at Washington. He was without 
support from any associate in the senate, and had only two or three of 
his way of thinking in the house. He ardently advocated and voted 
for every bill for the amelioration of the condition of the slaves, and by 
his bold and persistent advocacy of union principles, and denunciation of 
slaveholding and slave owners, earned the intense enmity of that class of 
Mrginians which, on numerous occasions, most seriously threatened to 
result in personal violence to Mr. Caldwell. The war spirit had reached 
to its height ; the forces were organized and drilled ; debate was as 
acrimonious as it was useless : and this man, with sufficient nerve to 
stand up for the Union, had to forego even the courtesy of recognition, 
as well as encounter, scorn and danger. On almost every public ques- 
tion that came before the senate of Virginia, when he was a member, the 
journal shows votes of thirty against one, and that one, the Senator 
from Ohio county. He was uniformly designated in the Richmond pa- 
pers as an "Abolitionist." ?vlr. Caldwell was a member of the delegation 
from Virginia in the National Republican Convention at Chicago in i860, 
being selected as the chairman of such delegation. He earnestly advo- 
cated in the Virginia delegation, the selection of j\Ir. Lincoln rather than 
Mr. Seward, as the Republican party candidate for president, on the 
ground that Mr. Lincoln was not a sectional man, and that he would 
make a better run than the courtly and distinguished \Mlliam H. Seward. 

Mr. Lincoln, early in 1861, appointed Mr. Caldwell consul of the 
United States at Honolulu, Island of Oahu, one of the Hawaiian Islands. 
These Islands at that time constituted the independent Kingdom of Ha- 
waii. This consulate was one of the most important and lucrative posi- 
tions in the gift of the government. At the time 'Sir. Caldwell was con- 
sul, which was from the summer of 1861 until that of 1867, a period of 
six years, the port of Honolulu was the rendezvous of the whaling fleet 
of the Pacific, and the place where hundreds of American whale-ships 
discharged cargoes and shipped men for new cruises. These vessels or- 
dinarily staid from their home ports in New England for periods of 
five years at a time, shipping home in other vessels, periodically, the 
whale oil and bone they had succeeded in obtaining. A large marine hos- 
pital belonging to the LTnited States government, for the aid and assist- 
ance of sick and destitute American seamen, was under the care and 
charge of Mr. Caldwell as consul; while, in addition, he was ex-officio 
navy agent, and had in his charge great quantities of coal and other nav- 
al stores belonging to his government. Broken in health, he returned to 
his home in Wheeling, West \'irginia, in the summer of 1867, resuming 
in a measure the practice of his profession, but was removed by death 
on the 3rd day of May, 1868. His remains were interred in Mt. W'ood 
Cemetery, in the city of Wheeling. 

Before his departure for Honolulu, he earnestly advocated the for- 



14 WEST VIRGINIA 

mation of a new state out of what is now the state of West Virginia, and 
the separation of the counties now composing West Virginia from the 
state of Virginia. However, his absence from the United States pre- 
vented him from taking the active part that he undoubtedly would have 
taken in the formation of the new state. Mr. Caldwell, while at Hono- 
lulu, was not only the consular, but also in fact the diplomatic officer of 
Ihe United States. During the whole period of his residence there, the 
minister of the United States was a gentleman little fitted for the per- 
formance of the duties of a diplomatic position, and it fell to the consul, 
who was, by education and legal practice, better qualified to direct the 
minister in all diplomatic questions that arose, and to formulate the dip- 
lomatic documents for the minister's signature. The emoluments of the 
consul were far greater than the salary and allowances made by the gov- 
ernment to its minister at Honolulu, and, as may be anticipated, a bet- 
ter quality of public servant usually occupied the position of consul than 
that of minister. 

During the Civil War in this country in 1864, a British warship came 
into the port of Honolulu and asked for a supply of coal from Consul 
Caldwell, out of the stores belonging to the United States government, 
under his control. Like all friends of the Union, he had a hearty and 
abiding dislike for the British at that time. He promptly refused the 
request of the British commander, and the British authorities at Hon- 
olulu for this coal supply, saying that he did not feel justified in giving 
a British ship any portion of naval stores belonging to the government of 
the United States. Within a week after this refusal, a Russian warship 
steamed into the harbor of Honolulu, short of coal. It will be recalled 
that Russia, during our Civil War, was the firm and consistent friend of 
the government of the United States. On request of the Russian 
commander. Consul Caldwell supplied this Russian warship with all the 
coal desired, and promptly reported to Secretary of State Seward, in 
charge of the state department, at Washington, that he had refused coal 
to the British ship of war, but had supplied liberally the Russian war 
vessel. He received a reply from the Secretary of State, containing most 
effusive compliments for his judgment and good sense in supplying coal 
to the Russian war vessel, and thereby cementing the good feeling which 
had always existed, as Mr. Seward stated, between the Imperial Govern- 
ment of Russia and the United States of America. No mention, how- 
ever, was made concerning the refusal of coal to the British steamer, the 
emphatic approval of his action in the case of the Russian vessel being 
sufficient evidence to the consul that, while not putting the fact upon pa- 
per, the State Department was satisfied and admitted the propriety of his 
action respecting the other ship. 

Mr. Caldwell, soon after his marriage in 1839, erected a residence, 
which, with its garden and stable yard, occupied the ground upon which 
now stands the Scottish Rite Cathedral, at the corner of Fourteenth and 
Byron streets, in the city of Wheeling. 

Martha Baird, the first wife of Alfred Caldwell, the elder, was from 
Revolutionary stock. Her people came originally from Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, to the western portion of that state, and her ancestors set- 
tled at what was then called Catfish Camp, now the city of Washington, 
in the county of Washington and state of Pennsylvania. The Bairds 
were Scotch, and of that branch of the Baird family known as the 
Bairds of Auchmedden. Her grandfather, John Baird, resided in Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, just previous to 1758. He married in 1756, 
Catharine McClain. of Kennett Square, in that county, (who died at 
Washington, Pennsylvania, November 2-8th, 1802), and they had an only 
child, Absalom Baird, who was born at Kennett Square in 1757. John 



WEST \1RGINIA 15 

Eaird joined the army in 1758, which moved against the French Post of 
Fort Duquesne, under Forbes. He was an ensign (second heutenant) in 
Capt. Work's company of the Second battahon of the Pennsylvania reg- 
iment, and was present with his command, under Col. Grant of the High- 
landers, at Grant's defeat and at the capture of the fort. He was severe- 
ly wounded in that action. His commission as ensign was dated March 
i3tli, i/SS. (See vol. ii of the Pennsylvania Archives, 2nd series, page 
481). 

He was promoted to the office of lieutenant in the same company, to 
date from April 13th, 1760, subsequent to the capture of Fort Duquesne. 
(See page 520 of the same volume). He died at a fort on the Susque- 
hanna river. (See same volume, page 523). The only child of John 
Baird, Absalom Baird, was raised by his mother, who, being a lady of ed- 
ucation, taught school for the support of herself and young son. He re- 
sided with his mother, at Kennett Square, in Chester county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and upon arriving at a suitable age was sent to a famous acade- 
my at Pequa, in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, then conducted by an 
eminent educator. Dr. Robert Smith, where by thorough study he pre- 
pared himself to enter upon a course in medicine. The outbreak of the 
American Revolution found him a physician ready for practice. He, 
soon after the breaking out of the Revolutionary War, entered the mili- 
tary service in the Pennsylvania militia, as an ensign in a company raised 
by the physician with whom he had been studying his profession. Sub- 
sequently, he entered the service as a surgeon's mate (assistant surgeon), 
and served as such in the field and the hospitals established at different 
points along the Hudson river for the American army, and was for a 
long time stationed at one thereof at Fishkill, New York. 

On the 20th of March, 1780, he became surgeon of Baldwin's Artil- 
lery Artificer Regiment in the Continental service, and retired with his 
regiment when it was disbanded on the 29th day of March, 1781. He 
died at Washington, Pennsylvania, October 27th, 1805. (See Heitman's 
"Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army, during the 
War of the Revolution, April, 1775, to December, 1783," page 71.) 

His mother, Catharine McClain Baird, died at his home in Washing- 
ton, Pennsylvania, on the 28th day of November, 1802. 

After leaving the army, Dr. Absalom Baird married Susanna Har- 
lan Brown, at Wilmington, Delaware, in the Old Dutch Reformed Church. 
His wife died at Washington, Pennsylvania, November i6th, 1802. Dr. 
Baird had six children, two daughters and four sons. 

After his regiment was disbanded under an act of Congress, he re- 
turned to Chester county and settled at Kennett Square, and there ener- 
getically practiced medicine until November of 1786, when he moved to 
Washington, Pennsylvania, then called Catfish Camp, In his new loca- 
tion he practiced his profession and soon reached eminence as a leader in 
the community. He was commissioned by the governor of Pennsylvania, 
justice of the peace, and was colonel and county lieutenant of the militia, 
brigade inspector, member of the state senate and then of the house of 
representatives, sheriff of Washington county, and trustee of the Wash- 
ington Academy, from which sprung Washington College, chartered in 
1806, and which, after a union with Jefferson College in 1865, is now 
the Washington and Jefferson University, 

Of the four sons left by Dr, Baird, John, the eldest, followed him in 
the medical profession, but died early. The second son was George, who 
was born at Kennett Square, Chester county, Pennsylvania, October 
28th, 1785, and taken by his parents to their new home in Washington, 
at the age of eleven months. The third and fourth sons were Thomas H. 



i6 WEST VIRGINIA 

and William, both of whom became eminent and successful lawyers, and 
the former also a distinguished judge. 

Dr. Baird married a second wife, a lady named 2^Iargaret Darrah, 
who followed his remains to the grave in the year succeeding their mar- 
riage. 

During his military career in the Revolutionary army, Dr. Absalom 
Baird was present with the American forces at the storming of Stony 
Point, under the command of General Anthony Wayne (Alad Anthony), 
and when the General was wounded in the assault on the British works, 
Dr. Baird rendered him the necessary surgical aid. 

No more graphic and life like pictures of the condition of society 
and the people in this country and of the poverty and privations they 
endured in the cause of Independence can be found anywhere than in 
the private letters passing between Dr. Absalom Baird and his mother 
during and immediately after the close of the Revolutionary struggle. 
These letters present a view of conditions that existed far more graphic 
than any history of the times can do. The familiar style of the corres- 
pondence appeals strongly to the imagination and perception of any one 
reading it. These letters have been preserved in the family, and copies 
of them are possessed by many of Dr. Baird's descendants. Among 
these descendants was one who, like his grandfather, was distinguished 
in the medical profession. 

Allusion is here made to Dr. George Baird, his grandson, who was a 
graduate of Washington College, Pennsylvania, and of the medical de- 
partment of the University of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia. He prac- 
ticed his profession in the city of Wheeling, with credit to himself and 
che great advantage of the people of that city. No more popular man 
nor one more esteemed, ever lived in that community. Practically all 
his business life he was prominent in official positions, both in the council 
of the city and in the board of education, also serving as the city's may- 
or in 1863, His genial manner and sympathetic charity endeared him 
more especially to the poorer people of Wheeling, and left, on his death, 
lasting memories of his repeated acts of kindness. 

George Baird, son of Dr. Absalom Baird, was educated both in math- 
ematics and the classics in Washington Academy, which in 1806 became 
Washington College. Mr. George Baird was an instructor for a time in 
the early history of the college, and, owing to his scholarly attainments, 
he was many years afterwards invited to take place in the college facul- 
ty, as Professor of Latin, but declined it. 

William Baird, son of Dr. Absalom Baird, was the father of Brevet 
Major General Absalom Baird, of the regular army, a graduate of West 
Point, who was inspector general of the United States army during Mr. 
Cleveland's first administration as president. During the war General 
Baird was full major general of volunteers, and commanded a corps un- 
der General Sherman in his campaigns in the south. 

On the 25th of October, 181 1, Mr. George Baird was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Jane W^ilson, at Washington, Pennsylvania, the lady be- 
ing the (laughter of John and Catharine Wilson, of Washington. George 
Baird and Catharine Wilson Baird, his wife, were the father and mother 
of the before mentioned Martha Baird Caldwell. 

The Wilsons were a Scotch-Irish family who originally belonged in 
the county of Derry, near Killowen, on the River Bann. just across from 
Coleraine. in northern Ireland. John Wilson and his wife, whose maid- 
en name was Cunningham, emigrated to this country from Ireland with 
their first-born child, in 1786, leaving Ireland June 25th, 1786. Catha- 
rine Cunningham Wilson was the daughter of Giristopher Cunningham 
and Mary, his wife, who are buried in the yard of the Episcopal church 



WEST VIRGINIA 17 

at Killowen, of which church he was a vestryman and afterwards one 
of the two church wardens. His name is to be found, signed by him, in 
the church records preserved in the safe of the old Episcopal church at 
Killowen. On the slab which marks their last resting place is the coat- 
of-arms of the Cunninghams. 

After residing some three years in Philadelphia, John Wilson and 
wife settled in Washington, Pennsylvania, in 1789, anil thereafter lived 
at Washington until their deaths, honored and respected by the whole 
community. Their numerous descendants are among the most promi- 
nent people, in almost every walk of life, in Western Pennsylvania. Airs. 
Catharine Cunningham Wilson died in the eighty-ninth year of her age, 
on the 15th of December, 1857. She lived to be the mother of four 
generations of descendants. Her children numbered twelve, her grand- 
children seventy-three, her great-grandchildren one hundred and twelve, 
and her great-great-grandchildren five, in all, making two hundred and 
two. Ten grandsons and two great-grandsons bore her remains to the 
grave, and about sixty of her descendants united with a large company 
of neighbors in paying her the last tribute of esteem. 

Too much cannot be said of the lovely character of their daughter, 
Jane, the wife of George Baird, Esq. She was the mother of fourteen 
children. Of her it has been well said: "She openeth her mouth with 
wisdom, and in her tongue is the law of kindness. She looketh well to 
the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of idleness. Her 
children arise up and call her blessed ; her husband, also, and he praiseth 
her." — (Prov. 3! :26-.'8;. Here was a most remarkably unselfish na- 
ture, and to mention her name among those who knew her is to call forth 
only words of praise. 

The oldest of the children of Alfred Caldwell, the elder, and Martha 
Baird Caldwell, his wife, is Brevet Lieutenant Colonel George Baird 
Caldwell, who, for a long period, practiced law at the Ohio county. West 
Virginia, bar, residing in the city of Wheeling, and who has held a num- 
ber of important offices, both military and civil. Graduating from Wash- 
ington College as an honor man of his class, he was studying law in the 
office of the firm of eminent lawyers, Acheson & Wilson, at Washington, 
Pennsylvania, when the war broke out. 

Colonel Caldwell, before attending college, attended what was known 
as Scott's school, in the city of Wheeling, and afterwards that excellent 
institution known as the Morgantown Academy, at Alorgantown, Alonon- 
galia county, Virginia. 

When the first call was made, at the beginning of the war, for what 
was known as the "three months men" by the United States government, 
George B. Caldwell left his law studies and took the field as a member of 
the 1 2th Pennsylvania Regiment, being appointed a corporal in his com- 
pany, and although small in size, he did his full duty during this term of 
enlistment. Upon returning home, his regiment having been discharged, 
he immediately re-enlisted at Washington in the looth Pennsylvania Reg- 
iment, known as "The Round Head Regiment." With this regiment he 
went under Gen. Benham to South Carolina and took part in an abortive 
attempt by that general to storm the Confederate works in and about the 
city of Charleston. By request of the loyal governor of \'irginia, Mr. 
Caldwell, after a service of eighteen months in the ranks, was honorably 
discharged from the Pennsylvania troops by proper authority, for the 
purpose of receiving a commission in a loyal Virginia regiment being 
organized, and which was afterwards known as the "Twelfth West \'ir- 
ginia." He was commissioned first lieutenant and adjutant of this new 
regiment, and served with it until practically the close of the war, when 
he was honorably discharged from the service on account of a reduction 



i8 WEST MRGIXIA 

of tlie army, and entered upon the practice of his profession as an attor- 
ney-at-law in the city of Wheeling, serving, in all, nearly four years as a 
soldier. 

While with his commanders, Gen. Thoburn and Col. Curtis of his 
own regiment, making reconnaissance, just before the battle of Fisher's 
Hill, (called Mount Hope by the Confederates), a Confederate battery 
of lield artillery, securing the range to where this clump of Union officers 
was gathered on an eminence, threw a shell into their midst, which car- 
ried off one leg of the horse upon which Adjutant Caldwell was riding. 
The next day he went into action on foot. As he was near one end of 
the Union line, which had pushed forward and covered ground faster 
than the rest of the assailants, he was one of the earliest to scale the 
Confederate works, and found himself almost alone when he jumped 
down amid the enemy. While shouting his commands to the Confed- 
erates, who were throwing down their arms and surrendering, to get over 
the works in the direction from which he had come, and behind the Un- 
ion lines, a private soldier, who had scaled the works long after he had 
done so, stooped down, right at the adjutant's feet, and picked up a 
Confederate flag or stand of colors, encased in a black oil-cloth case, 
which had been for some minutes lying at the officer's feet, unobserved 
by him. A sergeant of his regiment called to him and asked him to take 
the colors from this soldier who had picked them up, saying that the>- 
rightfully belonged to the adjutant, whose foot was almost on them, and 
who, as stated, had been in the works long before the man who picked 
the flag up. He refused to take the captured colors from the enlisted 
man who had picked them up, because, as he always said, he would not 
have it charged to him that he had exercised his power as an officer over 
an enlisted man in such a case, however much justification he might 
have for it. 

Colonel Caldwell has received, under act of Congress, three brevet? 
for his military services, to wit: the brevets rank of captain, major and 
lieutenant colonel. 

He took part in the celebrated Hunters Raid, and for a long period 
served as assistant adjutant general of the second Brigade of the First 
Division of Gen. Crook's corps in the Shenandoah Valley, under Sheri- 
dan. He was in numerous engagements during the war, and it can Ix 
truthfully said that his military record was without reproach, and of th;- 
very highest order of merit. 

After he left the army, he was for a time deputy marshal of the 
United States for West Virginia, and assistant district attorney of the 
United States for West Virginia, under Hon. Nathan Goft, United 
States Attorney for West Virginia, since a distinguished judge of the 
circuit court of appeals of the United States for the Fourth Circuit, and 
now a senator from West Virginia, in the United States senate. Colonel 
Caldwell also served as a member of the council, and for two years as 
city solicitor of the city of Wheeling. He was always an ardent Republi- 
can, and in the campaign of 1880 he was that party's candidate for attor- 
ney general of the state, but failed of election owing to the fact that his 
party was greatly in the minority at the time. 

Colonel Caldwell has now retired from the practice of his profession, 
in which he was markedly successful, achieving a competence for him- 
self and family. 

Alfred Caldzi'cll, the younger — Alfred Caldwell, the younger, was the 
fourth child and second son of Alfred Caldwell, the elder, and ]\'Iartha 
Baird, his wife. He was born at Wheeling, Virginia, July 14th, 1847. 
and educated at Prof. Harding's Academy at Wheeling, in tlie West Lib- 
ortv Acadenn- in Ohio countv. A^irginia. at Oahu College, near Hono- 



WEST VIRGINIA 19 

lulu. Hawaiian Islands, and at Yale College, taking the degree of Ph. 
B. at Yale in 1867. He studied law in his father's law office in Wheel- 
ing, being admitted to the Wheeling bar in 1868, a few months after at- 
taining his majority. On September 14th, 1871, he was married to Laura 
Ellen Goshorn, daughter of ^^■illiam Scott Goshorn, and Priscilla Jane 
Goshorn, his wife. 

The Goshorn family is an old and prominent family of Ohio county, 
Virginia. Mrs. Goshorn was from Martinsburg, Berkeley county, \"ir- 
ginia. Joseph Scott, one of the ancestors of William Scott Goshorn. was 
a Revolutionary soldier, and the family originally lived in and about 
Shade \''alley, near jMiffiin. Pennsylvania, from which point they moved 
to the Ohio Valley, settling upon a farm upon ]\[cMahon's creek, which 
flows into the Ohio river at Bellaire, Belmont county, Ohio, and which 
farm they purchased from James Caldwell, the younger, hereinbefore 
mentioned. 

The head of the family, when they arrived in the Ohio Valley, was 
Mr. John Goshorn, the father of William Scott Goshorn, and a man who 
became a prominent merchant and citizen of Wheeling. John Goshorn 
fiad entirely too much energy and initiative in his composition to remain 
long on the farm on McMahon's creek. Accordingly, he left this farm, 
and, having married a Miss Mary Farrier, moved with his wife to 
Wheeling, where he commenced merchandising in a building still belong- 
ing to his family, although about one hundred years have passed since he 
first started his store upon the property. His remarkable energy, fore- 
sight and honesty caused him to prosper, and the advance he made from 
small beginnings, at the time in which he lived, stamped him as a most 
remarkable man. When we consider the difficulties surrounding the 
transaction of business, the uncertainty as to money, the poor means of 
transportation, the length of time it required to obtain any reliable infor- 
mation about markets and prices, and the infinite number of minor diffi- 
culties from bad roads, and the generally crude and unsettled condition 
of the community, a man who could achieve success under such circum- 
stances, if he existed today, would probably belong to the class of very 
rich men that we call merchant princes. He accumulated a large estate, 
which he left to his son, William Scott Goshorn. 

Mr. William Scott Goshorn was a man of fine ability and sterling 
character. He was well educated, having attended Washington College, 
and for a very considerable number of years was associated with his 
father in mercantile pursuits, but, riever having felt the spur of necessity 
for great exertions upon his part, and having received from his father 
ample means for the support of himself and family, he was not as active 
as his father had been before him. However, he filled a number of im- 
portant public positions for many years in the city of Wheeling, and the 
duties of any office that he undertook were always conscientiously and 
faithfully ])erformed b}' him. He was for a number of years a member of 
the council of the city of Wheeling, and served as a deputv sheriff of the 
county, and was also an assessor of the city. He was scrupulously hon- 
est in his deahngs, and, although tenacious of his rights, he was a just 
man, and always respected the rights of others. The remains of these 
Goshorns are now resting in their family plot in Mt. Wood Cemetery at 
Wheeling, West Virginia. 

Alfred Caldwell, the younger, and Laura Ellen Goshorn, his wife, 
have had eight children, to wit : William Goshorn Caldwell, born July 
3rd, 1872, who graduated from the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale 
University in 1895, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy; 
Jane Caldwell, born February 5th, 1874, who was married to Otto 
Schroll, a native of Columbus, Ohio, and a graduate of the Ohio 



20 WEST \qRGINIA 

State University, a civil engineer by profession, on November 14th, 1894, 
(Mr. Scliroll is now the superintendent of the Pennsylvania Lines West, 
at Toledo, Ohio) ; Laura Belle Caldwell, born July i8th, 1875, and married 
to Armistead Davis Mead, of Leatherwood, Ohio county, West Virginia ; 
Helen Baird Caldwell, born September 2nd, 1876, married to Morgan 
Ott Hart, and now a resident of Washington, D. C. ; Martha Baird Cald- 
fred Caldwell, born December 15th, 1883; and Isabel Goshorn Caldwell, 
well, born June 15th. 1879; Mary Caldwell, born January 4th, 1881 ; Al- 
born June iSth, 1887, and who was married to Mr. George N. Flynn. 
These eight children were born at Wheeling, West Virginia, and are all 
living except Alfred Caldwell and Isabel Goshorn Caldwell, both of 
whom are now deceased. 

Up to the time of and for a short period after the death of his 
mother, which occurred in 1859, young Caldwell attended a school con- 
ducted by that admirable instructor, Prof. Hugh Wilson Harding, in an 
academy in the old Atheneum building (afterwards a military prison 
during the Civil War), at the southeast corner of Sixteenth and Market 
streets, Wheeling. 

In the summer of i860 he was sent, although still a young lad, to the 
Academy at West Liberty, conducted by Prof. Andrew F. Ross, a fine 
scholar, who had been previously professor of ancient languages in 
Bethany College. The breaking out of the war in 1861 and the political 
campaign which was raging in the fall of i860, caused excited state of 
the community, preventing the scholars at this academy from receiving 
the benefit from the instruction which they otherwise would have done. 

After one year at the West Liberty Academy, he went with his fath- 
er, Alfred Caldwell, the elder, from Wheeling to Honolulu, on the Ha- 
waiian Islands, his father having, as hereinbefore stated, been appointed 
by Mr, Lincoln, consul at that port. There being no transcontinental 
railway lines at that day, Consul Caldwell and such of his family as were 
with him were compelled to travel to his post by way of the Isthmus of 
Panama, across the Isthmus by the then recently constructed Panama 
Railroad from Colon (then called Aspinwall) to the city of Panama on 
the Pacific. From Panama they traveled by an old steamer to San Fran- 
cisco, from which port they were compelled to take a small sailing bark, 
of about five hundred tons, to Honolulu. For three years Alfred -Cald- 
well, the younger, resided with his father at Honolulu, attending, during 
that period, Oahu College at Punahou, then about four miles from the 
city of Honolulu. 

His vacation time was spent upon a cattle ranch on the further side 
of the Island, and over the mountains from Honolulu. At this college he 
was under the instruction of at least one very capable professor, who had 
charge of the classes in Latin and Greek. The college was a co-educa- 
tional institution, supported by the American Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions, for the education of the children of the missionaries on the Ha- 
waiian Islands. At the termination of three years he graduated from 
this college, and, being yet under seventeen years of age, his father de- 
termined that he would better return to the United States and enter 
some reputable institution of learning, rather than remain idle at Hono- 
lulu. 

Owing to the mild climate of these semi-tropical Islands, the rigor of 
the sun shining thereon being always mitigated by the trade winds, a so- 
journ at Honolulu was an unalloyed delight. There were few wheeled 
vehicles in Honolulu at that time, and the usual method of travel was on 
horseback. Young Caldwell had to ride on one of the fine saddle horses 
then to be had on the Islands, the four miles from his father's residence 
in the city, to the college each morning and back each afternoon, and dur- 



WEST MRGIXIA 21 

ing vacation times, upon the cattle ranch, he was in the saddle from 
about daylight until dusk with the cow-boys, helping them attend to their 
duties. 

Upon arriving at the college it was the custom of the students who 
came from the city of Honolulu to turn their horses loose in an enormou.-i 
field containing probably seventy-five acres of ground, surrounded by a 
stone wall, in which space the horses would graze until the middle of the 
afternoon, when they would be driven by a native Hawaiian on horse- 
back into a large stone corral. Every boy student had to go into this cor- 
ral, pick his horse out from among the plunging twenty or more horses, 
and lasso him over the head. At first this was hard work for young 
Caldwell, by reason of his being entirely unaccustomed to throwing the 
rope, but no assistance would be offered him by any of the other students, 
whose delight it was to watch his unsuccessful efiforts. It was not long, 
however, before he became skillful enough to pick his horse out with a 
rope, from amidst the plunging, running mass. At that day to be thrown 
from a horse on the Islands was considered a disgrace, for every one, 
male and female, was a skillful rider. 

The long distances between the residences of the }0ung white people 
at Honolulu prevented much visiting, and as for boyish plays and amuse- 
ments, they could only be indulged in when at the institution, during the 
short recesses. Therefore, practically the only way for a student to em- 
ploy his time was in close application to his books, and at no period of 
his life did young Caldwell advance so rapidly and acquire as much edu- 
cation in the same space of time as during his sojourn at Honolulu. 
Among his classmates were some wdio have since become quite distin- 
guished. Among others may be mentioned the Hon. Sanford B. Dole, 
who afterwards became the first president of the Hawaiian Republic, 
subsequently the Governor of the Territory of Hawaii, and who is now 
the Chief Justice of the Islands. 

Very shortly after the commencement exercises at Oahu College, in 
the early summer of 1864. young Caldwell, who was then not yet seven- 
teen years of age, left Honolulu for San Francisco, on the clipper bark 
"Yankee," a sailing vessel of about five hundred tons. The w^inds being 
unfavorable, (one long calm being encountered,) the vessel had to run 
out of her usual course and far to the north, resulting in quite a change 
of climate from that of the islands. The boys on this bark had no wool- 
en clothing, being dressed in the duck and nankeen which they had been 
accustomed to wear at Honolulu. Even wdien they put on three and four 
suits of their light cotton clothing, they still suft'ered from the cold. This 
was soon remedied at San Francisco, however, by the purchase of heav- 
ier clothing. After a short stay at San Francisco, young Caldwell left 
those of his classmates who had come over with him from Honolulu, and 
took passage on an old leaky steamer called the "Uncle Sam," for Pana- 
ma. From the time the vessel left San Francisco until its arrival at Pan- 
ama, its pumps were kept continuously working, and it was only after 
several sleepless nights that he was able to get any rest, on account of 
the noise made by the pumping machinery. 

In July of 1864, the vessel ran into the port of Acapulco, in western 
Mexico, for the purpose of getting a fresh supply of coal, lying in the 
harbor for between three or four days, before laborers could be obtained 
to coal the steamer. Finally, such labor was procured by the use of 
some colored sailors from the United States sloop of war "St. }^Iary." 
The coal was brought to the side of the steamer in a lighter in gunny 
bags, and was carried aboard in such bags, on the backs of these negro 
sailors. While at Acapulco, some of the fighting between Juarez, the 
JMexican leader's forces and the French, supporting the Emperor ?ilaxi- 



22 WEST VIRGINIA 

milian, was witnessed. Back of Acapulco is a high range of hills or 
mountains, covered with a growth of trees and thickets, which har- 
bored the Mexican guerillas. The French had possession of the city or 
town, and of the fort that stood at one end of it, and in and near the 
fort were thick clumps of cactus or prickly pear. Three French war 
vessels were lying in the harbor. Every night the Mexicans would creep 
down close to the fort, amid the cactus, getting near enough for a good 
shot, and kill a French sentry at the gate of the fort, or on the parapet. 
At the sound of the shot the French military would rush into ranks, and 
a sergeant or lieutenant, with a squad of ten to fifteen men, would be 
ordered out to reconnoiter and find the cause of the firing and the loss 
of their comrade. This squad was sure to run into a Mexican ambu's- 
cade at close quarters, where the machete could be brought to play. The 
French would almost uniformly rush back to the fort in confusion, after 
a serious loss. Again, the Mexicans would build huge bonfires on the 
mountain side behind the city, which would attract the fire of the French 
ships, who would, as long as tb.e fires lasted, continue shelling them. It 
is unnecessary to say that sleep was an impossibility in such surroundings. 

At Panama the "Uncle Sam" was left, and young Caldwell, with a 
party, landed in a whale-boat, the rest of the passengers and baggage 
awaiting until the tide was up, so that they could make a landing at the 
depot dock of the Panama railroad, in a small, light draft steamer. The 
passage over the Isthmus, on the Panama railroad, cost at that time, in 
gold, the sum of twenty-five dollars, for about forty miles of travel. This 
gold was worth two dollars and fifty cents in greenbacks for each dollar 
in gold. The baggage was carefully weighed, and for every pound over 
fifty that a passenger's baggage weighed, he paid ten cents in gold or sil- 
ver. These prices, viewed at the present day, seem tremendous. From 
Colon, or Aspinwall, steamer was taken for New York, which passed 
through what is called the Windward channel, and around the eastern 
end of Cuba. The passage from Central America was made with lights 
out at night, for fear of capture by a Confederate vessel. This made 
things rather monotonous, as the passengers were absolutely prevented 
from reading at night. The passage from Honolulu to ^\'heeling occu- 
pied eight weeks. 

After arriving at Wheeling, young Caldwell, desired to enter the 
army. ■ In the latter part of September or early in October, 1864, hap- 
pening to meet, accidentally, in the streets of Wheeling, an old friend, 
Colonel W. B. Curtis, of the Twelfth West Virginia Regiment, then 
acting brigadier general, he was invited by Colonel Curtis to accompany 
him to the front, an invitation which he very cheerfully and gratefully 
accepted. They reached the colonel's brigade at Martinsburg, West Vir- 
ginia, and proceeded from there to Winchester, from which point, after 
a very short delay, they started, with a large wagon-train, up the She- 
nandoah A'^alley. The march had proceeded some miles up the valley 
when the command heard a tremendous cannonading in their front, and 
in a short time were mixed up with all the uproar, turmoil and confusion 
of the great battle of Cedar Creek. The first thing done by the brigade 
commander was to detail four companies of his own regiment, two on 
each side of the main pike, in skirmish order, to intercept the soldiers 
rushing down the valley in front of the enemy. 

At the same time, Brigade Commander Curtis sent tme of his aides 
back to Winchester to inform General Sheridan, who was in that city, 
that a general engagement was going on. This aide conveyed the first 
information to General Sheridan of that fact. Young Caldwell, with his 
brother and Colonel Curtis, the brigade commander, were on horseback 
in the center of the pike, near the line formed by the deployed companies. 



WEST \-IRGlXIA 23 

with the residue of the brigade in their rear. The army wagons had 
made two clay roads close to and parallel with the main limestone pike 
tliat ran up and down the Shenandoah \'alley. In due time, after the 
aide had been dispatched with the news of the engagement to General 
Sheridan, a cloud of dust arose in the rear of the brigade and out of it 
rode Sheridan, on his celebrated black horse, which was well tired out, 
covered with foam, and throwing quantities of it from his bit as he 
tossed his head. The General had his uniform coat upon the pommel 
of his iMcClellan saddle, and a knit jacket, at that time called an Afghan 
jacket, over his vest. His hat was pulled down over his eyes, and he 
looked neither to the right nor the left, but straight between his horse"s 
ears, as he went by the little clump of horsemen. P.ehind him, some lit- 
tle distance, came his staff officers, and behind them a small cavalry es- 
cort. 

The fact that the commanding general was passing, of itself excited 
the attention and curiosity of young Caldwell, but he never dreamed at 
that time that this ride of Sheridan's would be commemorated by Thom- 
as Buchanon Reed's poem, or become a matter of important history. 

The battle started on the 19th day of October. 1864. and the incidents 
seen by young Caldwell at that time will never be effaced from his 
memory. Space will not suffice to chronicle all his experiences on this 
occasion. After remaining with his friend. Colonel Curtis, and his 
brother, until winter was coming on apace, he returned to Wheeling, per- 
fectly contented, after what he had seen of war and its horrors, to seek a 
quieter occupation than that of soldiering. 

Just before Christmas in 1864 he went to Xew Haven. Connecticut, 
and presented himself for exainination for admission to the Sheffield 
Scientific School of Yale Callege. since of Yale University. He was exam- 
ined in some branches by Prof. Gilman, afterwards the celebrated organ- 
izer and president of Johns Hopkins University, and a member of the 
\>nezuelan Commission. It spoke well for the training he had received 
at Oahu College, that, although for six months he had never opened a 
school book, he was able to pass all the examinations, and enter the insti- 
tution the last half of the freshman year, being the youngest of his class. 

His father having returned to Wheeling from the Hawaiian Islands, 
after his graduation from Yale, in 1867, young Caldwell commenced the 
study of law, in his father's office, being admitted to the Bar in Decem- 
ber of the following year, 1868, very shortly after he became of age. 
For a long number of years thereafter, he has been actively engaged not 
only in the practice of his profession, but in political struggles. The first 
office he held was that of clerk of the First Branch of the Council of the 
city of Wheeling, to which he was elected early in the year 1868, and 
which office he held until the fall of 1875, when he was elected a member 
of the state senate of West A'irginia from the First Senatorial District, 
serving at the sessions in 1875 and 1877. As a member of the senate he 
was one of the court of impeachment which tried the impeachments of 
the auditor of the state and of the state treasurer, in 1876. the auditor 
being acquitted and the state treasurer convicted and removed from of- 
fice. 

He was a member of the city council of \Mieeling. serving first in 
the second branch and afterwards for quite a number of years in the 
lirst branch. In January of 1881 he was elected city solicitor of his na- 
tive city (city attorney), and served the two years term of 1881 and 
1882. in 1884 he was elected attorney general of the state of AA^est \^ir- 
ginia. at the general state election in the fall of that year, and re-electerl 
at the general election in the year 1888. serving two full terms, from 
March 4th, 1883, to March 4th. 1803. He was f(,r a long time a mem- 



24 WEST \'IRGIXIA 

IxT of the board of education of ^^'heeling. ami. as such member, the 
chairman of the first committee which had in charge the public library of 
the city of Wheeling. He drafted the necessary legislation to authorize 
taxation to raise the necessary funds for the support and maintenance of 
the library, and did the major part of the work to secure the adoption 
by the legislature of the bill prepared by him for such purpose. As 
chairman of such committee, in conjunction with the Hon. John M. 
Birch, who was then city superintendent of the schools of Wheeling, 
and the Hon. Henry H. Pendleton, who was then clerk of the board of 
education, he prepared the rules and regulations for the government of 
the public library of the city of Wheeling, under which this library was 
launched upon a successful career. It was only after a strenuous debate 
in the board of education and by a majority of one vote, that the ver) 
proper rule, for the benefit of the working people who were entitled to 
enjoy the library that it should be open to their use on Sabbath after 
noons, was made one of the rules to govern the library management, a 
rule which has never since been changed, although adopted in the first 
jilace by such a slender majority. 

Alfred Caldwell, the younger, became a Democrat in politics when he 
arrived at the age of twenty-one years, in 1868, because of his strenuous 
disapproval of the reconstruction legislation, and especially of the op- 
pressive and unconstitutional test oath statutes passed by the Republi 
cans in the legislature of ^^'est A'irginia. He remained affiliated with the 
Democratic party until the national election in 1896. In that year the 
doctrine of the free and unlimited coinage of silver at a ratio of sixteen 
lo one was made part of the platform of the Democratic party, and was 
ardently advocated by its nominee for the presidency, the Hon. W. J. 
Bryan, of Nebraska. Being in radical disagreement with the views on 
the silver question, expressed in the National Democratic platform of 
1896, and entertained by its presidential nominee, Mr. Caldwell allied 
himself with a number of prominent Democrats in A\'est Mrginia, in an 
eflfort to form an organization, which might, in the future, be, the}- 
hoped a nucleus for the Democratic party to rally around when it would 
return to sanity, after the inevitable defeat it seemed bound to receive. 

Prior to the election of delegates to the Democratic national conven- 
tion of 1896, which met at Chicago, he had been a candidate for the po- 
sition of candidate-at-large from West Virginia, to that convention, but. 
although practically offered an election as delegate if he would consent 
to abide by and recognize instructions to vote for the free and unlimited 
coinage of silver at the ratio before mentioned, he declined, in a Demo- 
cratic convention held at Clarksburg, West Virginia, to sacrifice his prin- 
ciples, and by voting for free silver, help to bring untold calamities upon 
liis fellow-countrymen. He did, however, that year attend as a delegate- 
at-large from West Virginia, the national Democratic convention 
held at Indianapolis, Indiana, September 2nd, 1896, which last mentioned 
convention was known as the "Gold Bug Convention." His fellow dele- 
gates, although the state was fully represented, honored him by choosing 
iiim chairman of the delegation, and also a member of the committee on 
resolutions. 

The committee on resolutions of the Indianapolis Convention had as 
its chairman United States Senator \'ilas. of \\'isconsin, and in its mem- 
bership some of the ablest men of the nation, such as Governor Roswell 
P. Flower, George F. Bear, president of the Reading Railroad Com- 
pany, Comptroller of the Currency Echols, and other men of national 
repute, too numerous to mention. 

As usual, the preparation of a platform was delegated to a sub-com- 
mittee of fi\-e. of which Comptroller Echols was the chairman. This 



WEST A'IRGIXIA 25 

committee, in due time, reported a series of resolutions to compose the 
platform, which were carefully and skillfully prepared, but it seemed to 
Air. Caldwell that the resolution dealing with the money question and 
the coinage of silver, the very crucial matter for which the convention 
had been assembled, was couched in such language as to be fairly sus- 
ceptible of two different interpretations, one thereof distinctly at vari- 
ance with the real views of the Convention. After vainly attempting to 
get some member of the committee, of national reputation, to move an 
amendment so as to properly express the sentiments of the committee on 
the money question, and thereby obviate the bitter criticism which it 
seemed to him would surely follow, from the regular Democratic news- 
papers and speakers, Mr. Caldwell moved a substitute for the commit- 
tee's report, respecting the money question, which precipitated quite a 
vigorous and continued debate in which Comptroller Echols and his fel- 
low members of the sub-committee were upon the one side and Mr. Cald- 
well on the other. The result, however, was that his substitute was 
adopted by an overwhelming vote in the committee, and was the money 
plank in the platform of that National Convention in 1896. Since the 
last named year, Mr. Caldwell has been an Independent in politics, affili- 
ating mainly with the Republican party, but not feeling bound to the sup- 
port of its candidates unless they meet with his approval. 

At the last national election, in 1912, he cast his vote for the present 
president, Woodrow ^^'ilson, not because of any decided disapproval of 
;Mr. Taft or his administration, but because he desired to give as marked 
a demonstration of his disapproval of Theodore Roosevelt and his candi- 
dacy as it was possible to do. by trying in an humble way to enhance the 
majority in the state of ^^'est \"irginia that it was inevitable President 
\\''ilson would receive. 

Ever since his admission to the bar in 1868, to the present time, he 
has been actively engaged in the practice of law in the state and federal 
courts of West A'irginia. 



The Dawson family is very numerous in the United 
DAWSOX States, members therof being found in every state in the 

Union, east, west, north and south, also in Canada. The 
earliest ancestor known of the line here under consideration was one 
who was with Cromwell in Ireland, where he gained an estate by his 
military service. Early in colonial days some of his descendants came to 
this country. 

(I) John Dawson, ^andfather of Ex-Governor Dawson, was a 
farmer and blacksmith, which occupations he followed near the village 
of Dawson, Maryland, where he lived and died, and where he reared a 
large family. He was a ^Methodist class leader, and a man of influ- 
ence in his neighborhood. He married Ravenscroft (sometimes 

written Ravenscraft), and among their children were: i. Francis Ra- 
venscroft, of whom further. 2. Hanson B., who was clerk of the circuit 
court of Hampshire county for many years, and died at Romney, Sep- 
tember 6, 1876, leaving a widow, who was a daughter of Daniel Shobe. 
and a niece of the late General Fairfax, of Preston county, \^'est \'ir- 
ginia. 3. Nancy, widow of Rolin Dayton, of Keyser. ^^'est Virginia, 
and mother of the late Colonel James Dayton, who fought under General 
Grant at Vicksburg. 4. Samuel R.. who was pastor of the old Fourth ■ 
Street Methodist Episcopal Church in Wheeling, but on account of 
throat .trouble retired from the active ministry and settled on a farm at 
Ellenboro. but preached occasionalh' : he died in February, 1892. 



26 WEST MRGIXIA 

( II I Francis Ravenscroft, eldest child of John and ( Ravens- 
croft ) Dawson, and father of Ex-Governor Dawson, after completing 
his studies, learned the trade of blacksmith with his father, becoming 
proficient therein. During young manhood he served as a clerk for the 
late Samuel Brady, who owned an extensive plantation, a large number 
of slaves, and conducted a profitable business in the vicinity of the vil- 
lage of Brady, Maryland. Later Mr. Dawson conducted stores at Bloom- 
ington, Maryland, and Piedmont, West Virginia, from which he derived 
large profits, and in 1858 he removed to Terra Alta, later to Bruceton 
Mills, and subsequently to Ice's Ferry. He was a man of prominence in 
the communities in which he resided, and won and retained the good will 
and respect of his neighbors. He was a class leader in the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, this being the religious belief of the greater portion 
of his ancestors, both on the paternal and maternal sides, and he was 
zealous and active in all branches of the work connected therewith. Mr. 

Dawson married Leah, daughter of John and (Kight) Kight. Both 

the Dawson and Kight families are very numerous in the region of 
Bloomington, Westernport and Dawson, in Maryland, and Piedmont 
and Keyser. in West \'irginia, where the two states are divided mere)}' 
by the small stream of the headwaters of the Potomac river. 

Children of Mr. and Mrs. Dawson: i. Penelope, widow of E. Clark 
Jones, of Terra Alta, where she now resides. 2. John Henry, a well 
known steamboat captain, of Parkersburg, where he died in 1879. 3- 
Nancy Catharine, widow of George E. Guthrie, and mother of : D. 
Sherman Guthrie, of Chicago, Illinois; the Rev. Charles E. Guthrie. D. 
D.J pastor of the First Methodist Episcopal Church of Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania ; William V. Guthrie, publisher of the Methodist, of Bal- 
timore, ^Maryland ; and Wade H. Guthrie, the state printer, of Charles- 
ton, West Virginia. 4. Mariam, married Joseph Goodrich, both of whom 
are now deceased. 5. David S., of California. 6. Francis Marion, 
who served as a soldier in the civil war, in the Seventeenth West A-^ir- 
ginia Infantry Regiment of Volunteers, and who resides in Toledo. 
Ohio. 7. William Mercer Owens, of whom further. The father of 
these children died in 1881, aged eightv vears, and his wife died in Au- 
gust, 1857. 

(Ill) William Mercer Owens Dawson, Ex-Governor of West Vir- 
ginia, youngest child of Francis Ravenscroft and Leah (Kight) Daw- 
son, was born in Bloomington, Alleghany, now Garrett county, IMary- 
land, May 21, 1853. In the fall of 1863 he accompanied his father to 
Terra Alta. where he went to reside, and there, by working, in the cooper 
shop (which trade he learned) morning and night, he supported himself 
and attended school in the first free school held in Terra Alta (then 
called Portland, and pieviously to that was known as Cranberry Sum- 
mit) in a little log school house, which was equipped with slab benches. 
He resided in Terra Alta for many years, working, successively, in the 
cooper shop, as clerk in stores, and as teacher during the winter months. 
In the fall of 1873 he removed to Kingwood. the county seat of Pres- 
ton county, where he became editor of TIic Preston County Journal, the 
Republican paper of the "banner" Republican county of the state, which 
he later purchased, and which he conducted until 1891, when he dis- 
posed of the same. Under Mr. Dawson's editorship and control the paper 
became a leading state weekly and was exceedingly prosperous. ]\Ir. 
Dawson abandoned the newspaper business in order to devote his atten- 
tion to the practice of law, for which he had been preparing himself 
for several years. In addition to his law business, which was extensive 
and lucrative, he was a very successful partv manager. From boyhood 
he had lieen active in politics. At a convention of the Republican jiarty 




lk<(^lA;/W(/^-ov^ 



\\"EST \ IRGIXIA 27 

held in Kingwood in 1874 he was, on motion of the late William G. 
Brown, lather of William G. Brown, the present (^igi2) congressman 
from the second West \'irginia district, elected chairman of the Republi- 
can committee of Preston county. 

The fine showing the Republicans made in the state in 1888 led the 
leaders of the party to look with hope to the campaign of 1892, and in 
looking for a leader for the state committee they were attracted to jMr. 
Dawson by his very successful work in Preston county. Early in 1891 
they offered him the management of the party. Mr. Dawson" was un- 
decided whether to accept it or not, but finally accepted provided he 
was given full authority and control. This was arranged by electing 
him secretary of the state committee, with a resolution giving him full 
control at a meeting of the committee held at Martinsburg in Decem- 
ber, 1891. He was formally elected chairman at the state delegate con- 
vention held at -\lartinsburg m May, 1892. and resigned the chair- 
manship in 1904 on his nomination for the office of governor. As head 
of the state committee he conducted the campaigns of 1892-94-96-98- 
1900-02. The chairman of the National Committee pronounced Mr. 
Dawson's organization to be without a superior in any state. Certain it 
is that he never lost a battle except the one of 1892, when his party 
failed everywhere, but held up better in West Virginia than in most 
states. Mr. Dawson's last work as an organizer was that of chairman 
of the Roosevelt state committee of West Virginia of 1912. The pub- 
lic offices held by Mr. Dawson were : Alayor of Kingwood, member of 
the state senate, 1881-89, clerk of the house of delegates in 1895, secre- 
tary of state, 1897-1905, governor of West Virginia, 1905, 1909. He 
was nominated Republican candidate for state senate from the dis- 
trict composed of Preston and Monongalia counties in 1880 and 1884 
unanimously. He was the youngest member of the body, there being 
only one other Republican among the number. He was a leader almost 
from the first, industrious and painstaking, acting on the principle that 
he was bound to support any measure for the good of the state, whether 
it came from Democratic or Republican sources. He was an active 
member of the finance and other important committees, and served on 
the special joint committees to investigate the public printing, to prepare"^ 
the appropriation bills, to revise the taxation system of the state and on 
others. It was in 1881 that he introduced an elaborate bill in the sen- 
ate, to create a railway commission of three members with power to 
fix rates, prevent unjust discrimination, etc. His speech on the ques- 
tion was widely read, and was commended by nearly every newspaper in 
the state, and opposed by none. The measure gave rise to considerable 
discussion in the senate, and was naturally strongly opposed by the rail- 
way people. The bill was carried over to the adjourned session of 18S2, 
and although finally defeated in the senate, it received more votes in that 
body than any other similar bill has ever received. 

Under the first constitution of West Virginia the office of secretary of 
state was filled by election, but this was changed in the second and present 
constitution, and the office was filled by appointment of the governor, un- 
til an amendment which took effect on March 4, 1905. (at the end of Mr. 
Dawson's second term) made the office elective again. On March 4, i8<)7. 
Governor Atkinson, at the unanimous request of a caucus of the Republi- 
can members of the legislature, appointed ^Mr. Dawson to that office, and 
in 1901 he was re-appointed by Governor White at the beginning of his 
term. The secretary of state is an important officer, for in addition to 1je- 
ing, when appointed by the governor, the right hand man of the chief 
executive and his confidential adviser, he has charge of the corporation 
records, attests all the official acts of the governor and is. cx-ofRcio. sec- 



28 WEST MKCiJXIA , • 

retary of the board of public works, superintendent of public printing, cus- 
todian of the state's stationery, keeps and sells all the books (court re- 
ports, acts of the legislature, etc.) printed by the state. Being a lawyer, 
a practical printer, having had experience in the stationery business, and 
having had also a business training as clerk and bookkeeper in large 
stores, Mr. Dawson was well qualified for the office. He thoroughly 
systematized its business, prepared an elaborate index of the record books 
of the office on an original plan, cut down largely the cost of the public 
printing and stationery, rendered valuable services to the board of public 
works in the annual assessments of corporation property, and mastered 
every detail of the office so that he could fill the position of any of the 
clerks. He also completed and published several editions of the corpora- 
tion laws of the state, with annotations and forms. He had the law 
amended so as to require the secretary of state to make monthly reports 
and payments into the state treasury instead of semi-annual payments. 
But his chief accomplishment was the getting through the legislature of 
1901 what is known as the "Dawson Corporation Law." This was not a 
thorough reversion of these laws, but was, as the title of the bill stated, a 
measure to increase the revenues of the state by raising the annual license 
tax on charters of corporations and increasing certain fees paid by them. 
The first effort to get the law enacted failed, but the second efifort, by per- 
severance and hard work, and after a bitter fight, was successful. This 
measure increased the revenues of the state from license taxes on corpor- 
ations from about $80,000 annually to about $400,000 annually. The leg- 
islature of 1901, without opposition and by practically a unanimous vote, 
adopted a joint resolution creating a state tax commission of five mem- 
bers, to revise the tax laws and report to the next legislature. Governor 
.Albert B. White, William P. Hubbard, John H. Holt, Henry G. Davis, L. 
Judson Williams, and John K. Thompson, two Democrats and three Re- 
publicans. They made a preliminary and a final report, the latter accom- 
panied by bills to carry out their recommendations. These reports are 
able practical discussions of the question of taxation. The reports and 
the bills were placed before the legislature of 1903 by Governor White. 
They were bitterly opposed by the corporate interests, which had a large 
and able lobby at the session. Governor WHiite and Mr, Dawson earnest- 
1\' urged consideration, and the adoption of the main features at least, but 
the legislature refused. It was upon the question of consideration of the 
matter that Mr. Dawson became a candidate for the Republican nomina- 
tion for governor. 

It was late in February, 1903. that the contest began. Every news- 
paper espoused one side or the other, and in every neighborhood the mat- 
ter was discussed. Xearly every county was contested for by Mr. Daw- 
son and his opponent, Mr. Charles F. Teter, of Barbour county, and 
many of the counties instructed their delegates. The Republican state 
committee was pretty evenly divided. The division everywhere between 
those for "Tax Reform," as the issue had become known, and those op- 
posed, became deeper, wider, more fixed and more bitter as the time for 
the holding of the state convention at Wheeling in July, 1904, drew near. 
It was the plan of ]\Ir. Dawson's managers to nominate the candidate for 
governor on the first day. Many of the delegates were farmers and oth- 
ers who could not remain away from their business many days : and on 
the part of his opponents, it was planned to refer all the contests to a cre- 
dentials committee and thereby consume several days' time, and thus 
wear out ]\Ir. Dawson's country delegates. The "Tax Reform" forces 
were able to defeat an adjournment of the convention until they had 
nominated the candidate for governor, and Mr. Dawson was duly nomi- 
nated in the evening of the first dav. after which the convention adjourned 



WEST \'IRGJNIA 29 

until the following morning. After the bitterest, the most intense and ex- 
citing campaign ever waged in the state since the days of the civil war, 
Mr. Dawson was elected governor, together with all the other Republican 
nominees for the state otifices. The legislature elected was also largely 
Republican in both branches. Immediately after his inauguration Gover- 
nor Dawson set to work to carry out the platform on which he was elect- 
ed and the pledges he had made as a candidate. Under the laws of West 
Virginia the board of public works, consisting of the elective state offices, 
fixes the value for taxation of oil, gas, railroad, and other corporate prop- 
erty. Governor Dawson was the head of this board, and he caused the 
valuation of these properties, as well as the coal property of the state 
to be enormously increased. The state levy for state and state school pur- 
poses had been, for more than a decade, thirty-five cents on each $100 of 
assessed valuation. It was reduced to twenty cents in 1905 ; to eight and 
a half cents in 1906; to five cents in 1907; to four and a half cents in 
1910; to two and a half cents in 191 1, and is now but one cent (in 1912). 
Local levies were also greatly reduced. 

In the campaign of 1906 the battle was again fought, largely on "Tax 
Reform," that is, on the new tax laws. 'Sir. Dawson took the stump and 
made the "key note" speech, urging the people to vote for Republican 
candidates for the legislature if they desired to retain and improve the 
"new tax laws." The Republican majority in this "ofif year" was practi- 
cally as large as in the preceding presidential year, something that seldom 
happens. 

The administration of Governor Dawson was a busy one. Two ex- 
tra sessions of the legislature were called by him to enact needed leg- 
islation. The achievements of this four years as chief executive are 
many and large, and it is believed not equalled by any other administra- 
tion in the state. The principal measures were: A thorough revision 
of the new tax laws, including the taxation of leaseholds, the revision of 
the inheritance tax law, raising the rates and making more certain the 
payment of the taxes; the imposition of new license taxes: the increase 
of the rates of certain other license taxes, and providing means for the 
more certain collection of all these taxes ; the budget law, being a statute 
requiring every authority or body levying taxes to make up and publish 
a yearly budget, stating therein the resources and liabilities of the body, 
each purpose for which any part of a tax was to be levied, and the 
amount thereof, and giving to any taxpayer the right to be heard in op- 
position to any such item: the creation of the bureau in the tax commis- 
sioner's department of public accounting, whereby it is provided that 
the books, records and accounts of everybody and officer handling pub- 
lic moneys shall be inspected and checked up by experts, and prescrib- 
ing a uniform system for keeping such records and accounts, a law that 
has already saved very many thousands of dollars of public moneys, in ad- 
dition to systematizing and simplifying the conduct of public business; 
a comprehensive new statute respecting the paving and sewering of the 
streets of cities and town : reduction of the fees of sheriiif's and other 
county officers, and providing that a percentage of such fees be paid into 
the county treasuries : a law creating a state school book commission to 
choose a uniform series of such books for use throughout the state, 
which was done by the commission in June. 1012: fixing a definite term 
of office for notaries public ; a thorough and complete revision of the 
laws of the state respecting all kinds of insurance, and making the audi- 
tor the state insurance commissioner to execute these laws; creation of 
the office of state fire marshal: statutes simplifying the election ballot 
law, embodying a corrupt parties act and a better law for registration 
of voters; the enactment of the uniform and comprehensive negotiable 



30 WEST MRGIXIA 

instruments law; enlargement of the duties of the attorney general; a 
thorough revision of the pharmacy law, and the purchase by the state 
of the great prehistoric mound at Moundsville. 

Governor Dawson appointed commissions to levise the school laws, 
the laws pertaining to the inspection of coal mines, the road laws and the 
game laws. The legislature enacted substantially the bills prepared by 
the commissions. Another measure of great importance was that cre- 
ating the state board of control and the state board of regents. This 
act not only abolished about one hundred offices, but has resulted in bet- 
ter efficiency in the public institutions ; has practically taken them out of 
party politics, and resulted in large savings of the public moneys. An- 
other unique measure advocated by Governor Dawson and passed dur- 
ing his administration is that which withholds yearly from the annual 
distributable school fund, a certain portion for the benefit of the poorer 
school districts, whereby they are enabled to have at least the minimum 
term of free school each year, as well as assured of funds sufficient to have 
needed school houses, a reform of great practical benefit to these poor dis- 
tricts. In addition to these, many minor changes and improvements were 
made to the statutes of the state, the greater part of which were prepared 
by Governor Dawson himself, who is regarded as an expert draughts- 
man, which have resulted, as intended, in increased efficiency and in re- 
duction of expenses in the carrying on of the public business. During 
the last six months of his term. Governor Dawson was compelled to 
abstain from all but mere routine work, owing to ill health, which he 
finally overcame. Governor Dawson's regular messages to the legisla- 
ture were the longest ever written by a West Virginia governor, and 
in them he discussed a number of matters of wide range, and made 
many proposals of changes in the laws of the state and many new en- 
actments. In these, as well as in his work generally, Governor Dawson 
is distinctly a "Progressive." Since his retirement from the office of 
governor, Mr. Dawson has engaged in the practice of law at Charleston. 
In church relation he is a Presbyterian, and a worker in the Young 
Men's Christian Association. 

Governor Dawson married (first) in 1879, Lwda, daughter of John 
T. Neff, of Kingwood. She died in 1894, leaving a son, Daniel. Gov- 
ernor Dawson married (second) in 1899, Maude, daughter of 

and Jane Brown, of Kingwood, by whom a daughter was born. April 4, 
1901. Daniel, child of his first wife, was educated in the Charleston 
high school and the West Virginia University, from which latter insti- 
tution he graduated in 1904, after which he took a one year course at 
Harvard University. He later graduated from the law department of 
the West Virginia University, and is now practicing his profession in the 
City of Huntington, West Virginia. 



This is an old and highly respected family whose history 
GAINES runs all through the ancestral lines of the Old Dominion 

State, and five generations of which will here be noticed, 
especially that portion of genealogy and family history relating to Con- 
gressman Joseph H. Gaines, who is of the fourth generation, and who is 
d great-grandson of the Gaines family of Culpeper county, Virginia. This 
family was prominent among the slave-holding aristocracy of antr-bcHnui 
days in old Virginia, who possessed the sturdy, sterling qualities of highly 
educated, cultivated and high-minded men and women, found at that day 
in that portion of \'irginia. That family of Gaines had within its home 



WEST MRGIXIA 31 

circle a son called Ludwell Graham, who became a somewhat celebrated 
minister of the Presbyterian faith. 

(II) Rev. Ludwell Graham Gaines, son of the family above men- 
tioned as having resided long in Culpeper county, was born and reared in 
that county and obtained a good education, including a course at the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, located at Chapel Hill, that state. After his 
graduation, he took up theology and became a widely known and influen- 
tial Presbyterian minister, of exceptional pulpit power. He became bit- 
terly opposed to the system of human slavery and removed to Ohio, in 
which state he continued his ministry, dying at an advanced age. His 
wife's maiden name was Douglass; she attended to the duties devolving 
upon wife and mother, living to a venerable age, and finally passed away 
while residing in Hamilton county, Ohio. Children : Theophilus, of 
whom further; John Douglass; WiUiam; Mary. Of these children, John 
D. Gaines graduated from a Cincinnati medical college, and now resides 
at California, Ohio, where he is a well known and highly respected citi- 
zen, is married, but has no issue ; William, his brother, also became a doc- 
tor, married, and is now deceased ; Mary, the only sister, died soon after 
her marriage. 

(III) Major Theophilus Gaines son of Rev. Ludwell G. Gaines and 
wife, was born in Ohio in 1824. He graduated from the Cincinnati Law 
School; became assistant prosecuting attorney in his home county, Ham- 
ilton, and at Lincoln's first call for seventy-five thousand men to put 
down the rebellion in 1861, organized a company, later known as Com- 
pany F, Fifth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, he being elected and 
commissioned captain of his company. Later in the civil war he re- 
enlisted, and while with his regiment in "Virginia, in 1863, was detailed 
as assistant judge advocate and remained in that position until the end 
of the war, holding the rank of a major. After the conflict had ended 
he returned to resume more desirable and peaceful occupations. He 
moved to Fayette county. West Virginia, where he was prosecuting at- 
torney several years. He also practiced law at various times in Nicholas, 
Clay, Braxton and Webster counties, this state. He was prosecuting 
attorney for one or more of the counties just enumerated. He was ap- 
pointed by President Rutherford B. Hayes as pension agent at Wash- 
ington, D. C, serving for four years. In 1890 he was a candidate for 
congress from the third district of West Virginia, but was defeated. 
Many years he was active in party politics, being of the Republican 
party. He was a member, and at one time an elder, of the Presbyterian 
church : he also held membership with the IMasonic fraternity. He mar- 
ried in Clermont county, Ohio, Ariadne Stockton, probably a native of 
Ohio, who died at Fayetteville, West Virginia, aged forty years. Her 
husband survived her many years, and died March 11, 1898, aged 
seventy- four years. Children: i. Ludwell Graham (second of that 
name), born in Hamilton county, Ohio; graduated in law, became prose- 
cuting attorney of Fayette county. West Virginia ; was later a judge 
of the criminal courts, and was on the bench at the time of his death, 
in Fayetteville; married ]\Iartha Ebersole. born in California, Ohio, now 
residing in Fayetteville, having one son, Ebersole. 2. Margaret Kath- 
erine, wife of W. C. Lawrence, of Columbus, Ohio, engaged in com- 
mercial pursuits; they have three children: i. Theophilus. born t886, 
residing at Columbus, ii. Wyman C, a graduate of Princeton College in 
the class of 1909 ; now an attorney-at-law at Logan, West Virginia, iii. 
Julian H., a high school graduate. 3. Nathanial W., died in t888. un- 
married. 4. Hon. Joseph Holt, of whom further. 

(IV) Hon. Joseph Holt Gaines, youngest child of ^Major Theo- 
philus and Ariadne (Stockton) Gaines, was born in Washington, D. C, 



2,2 WEST MRGIXIA 

May 3, 1864. He received his primary education in the common pubhc 
schools of Fayetteville, West Virginia, later studied in the preparatory 
school of the West Virginia University, graduating in 1886 from Prince- 
ton College, New Jersey, with the degree of A. B. In 1887 he was ad- 
mitted to the bar at Fayetteville, and at once entered into active legal 
practice there, going to Charleston in 1895, where he has practiced 
ever since. But not alone in legal matters has this man excelled in life's 
contest, but also in political circles has he become quite distinguished. As 
early as when he resided in Fayetteville, he was chosen chairman of the 
Republican county committee. In 1897 he was appointed United States 
district attorney by President \\'illiam McKinley. He held this posi- 
tion until 1900. during which year he was elected to a seat in the fifty- 
seventh congress of the United States, where he made a most enviable 
record ; was placed on various and important committees, including in- 
ter-state and foreign commerce, ways and means, etc., and always showed 
marked ability in handling public measures and men, for the best inter- 
ests of the masses. He was repeatedly re-elected to a seat in congress, 
his last term expiring [March 4, igii, since which time ;\Ir. Gaines has 
resumed the practice of law. He is a fine reader of human nature, full 
of courage to carry forward his heartfelt convictions and never afraid 
to throttle the measures of a dishonest man, in either public or private 
life. He has now only reached the threshold of a useful career, with a 
most flattering future in view. 

He was married, November 23, 1898, to Marjorie Lewis Gentry, born 
at Charleston, West Virginia, 1877 ; educated at Mt. de Chantel, West 
Virginia, near the city of Wheeling. Children: Joseph Holt Jr., Stock- 
ton T., Richard K.. Marjorie L., .Ann B.. and Hallie. 



History discloses the fact that this Linn family came from 
LINN good old Scotch-Irish ancestry, and that among its scions were 

revolutionary soldiers, eminent judges, attorneys, physicians 
and politicians, of much more than the ordinary ability and influence, es- 
pecially in the states of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, the Virginias, and 
Missouri. Later generations intermarried with the New England family 
of Newcombs : hence the following narrative will treat, to some extent 
of both families, which include the well known attorney-at-law in West 
\'irginia and Charleston, Robert G. Linn. 

(I) Joseph Linn, of Scotch-Irish descent, was born in 1725, and died 
April 8. 1800. He married Martha Kirkpatrick, a native of the city of 
Belfast. Ireland, born in 1728: died [March 7, 1791, daughter of Andrew 
Kirkpatrick. Joseph Linn was an adjutant in the Second Regiment of 
Sussex [Militia, of A'irginia, during the revolutionary struggle, Aaron 
Hankinson being the colonel. Joseph and Martha (Kirkpatrick) Linn 
had four sons and four daughters: i. Alexander, born in 1753, married 
Hannah, daughter of Nathan and Uphamy (Wright) Armstrong. 2. 
David, married Sarah, daughter of Brigadier-General Aaron Hankinson. 
and they had eight children among whom were : Alexander, married and 
removed to Ohio ; Mattie, married Jacob Shepherd ; Polly, unmarried : 
Margaret, married a Mr. Shepherd :' Aaron, married Eliza Hankin- 
son, and settled in Finleyville. Pennsylvania. 3. Andrew, mentioned be- 
low. 4. Margaret, married Hon. Joseph Gaston, paymaster of the Sus- 
sex Militia, during revolutionary war days. 3. Mary. 6. .Ann. married 
Jacob Hull. 7. Martha, married (first) Isaac Schaeffer, (second) Joseph 
Desmond; she died in 1830, and was buried at Sandusky, Ohio: the Rev. 
Isaac Desmond was her son. 8. Tohn, married in 1791, Martha Hunt, 



WEST VIRGINIA 



33 



daughter of Lieutenant Richard Hunt ; children : Ehzabcth, married Rev. 
Edward Allen; Sarah, married Nathan Armstrong Shafer; Andrew, mar- 
ried Isabelle Beardslee ; Mary Ann, married Rev. Benjamin I. Lowe; 
Caroline, married Dr. Roderick Byington ; Alexander, a doctor at Deck- 
ertown, married Julia Mbbert ; William H., who was also a physician. 
The father of these children, John Linn, was appointed to the court of 
common pleas of Sussex county, Virginia, in 1805, serving until his death 
in 1823. He was twice a member of congress and died at Washington, 
D. C, during his second term. He was an elder in the Presbyterian 
church at Hardyston. 

(II j Andrew, son of Joseph Linn, was born in 1759, and died in 
1799. He studied medicine at Log Goal. He married Ann Carnes, of 
Blandensburg, Maryland, and they were the parents of five children : 
I. Robert, mentioned below. 2. Margaret, married Major William T. 
Anderson, of Newton. 3. Mary, married David Ryerson. 4. Martha, 
married (first) Hugh Taylor, and (second) Richard R. Morris, of New 
York. 5. Alexander, settled at Easton, Pennsylvania. 

(HI) Robert, son of Andrew Linn, was born April 20, 1781. He 
probably came to Virginia from Pennsylvania about 1810, and located in 
what was then Harrison county, now in Marion county. West Virginia, 
where he died September 9, 1834. He was by occupation a farmer and 
miller. He married Catherine Lyon, born in Pennsylvania, October 18, 
1788. He and his family resided at Linn's Mills. Children : Mary Jane, 
married Smith M. Hensill, and died in Portland, Oregon ; Priscilla, mar- 
ried Newton Maxv/ell : Nancy, married Newton's brother, Milton Max- 
well, of Butler, Pennsylvania ; Sarah, married Isaac Courtney ; Louisa, 
married Dr. John T. Cooper, of Parkersburg; Benjamin, married Sarah 
Shriver ; and Robert, mentioned below. 

(IV) Robert (2), son of Robert (i) and Catherine (Lyon) Linn, 
was born in Marion county. West Virginia, while it was yet within Old 
Virginia, December 27, 1813, and died December 7, i860. He studied 
law in the office of Hon. Edgar C. Wilson, of Morgantown, Virginia, and 
was subsequently admitted to the bar at Pruntytown, Taylor county, in 
1846; later he practiced law in Gilmer county. West Virginia. For four 
terms in succession he served as prosecuting attorney, having been elected 
on the W'hig ticket, and he was serving in that office at the date of his 
death. He held other offices of trust and importance, in which he served 
with faithfulness and much ability. He was among the best known men 
of his section and bore the esteem of all with whom he came in contact. 
Mr. Linn was an elder in the Presbyterian church. He married in Fair- 
mont, West Virginia, Sophronia S. Newcomb, born in Greenfield, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1816, daughter of Ebenezer (2) and Sophronia (Smith) New- 
comb (see Newcomb VI). She was a woman of rare intelligence and 
refinement, and a lifelong worker in the Presbyterian church. She was 
only two years of age, when her family removed to Fairmont : hence her 
life was largely spent in what is now West Mrginia, and she died in Au- 
gust, 1890. Children: i. Mary S., born September 21, 1841, married 
Newton B. Bland, who died in March, 1896 ; she died January 28, 1910, 
leaving three children : Robert Linn Bland, now an attorney at Weston, 
West Virginia, who married and has four children ; George Linn Bland, 
assistant cashier of the Citizen's National Bank of Weston ; Hattie, of 
Weston, West Virginia. 2. Nancy Catherine Lyon, born May 3, 1845, 
married Marion T. Brannon, of Glenville, West Virginia ; she has three 
living children: Hon. Linn Brannon, ex-judge of the circuit court: Alice, 
of Fairmont; Howard R., a bank cashier of Glenville. 3. Robert G.. 
mentioned below. 

(V) Robert G., son of Robert (2) and Sophronia (Newcomb) Linn, 
3 



34 WEST VIRGINIA 

was born April 6, 1849, ^t Glenville. West \irginia (then Virginia) and 
Mas reared and educated as most youths of his time were, commencing in 
the common schools and later at VVitherspoon Institute. When eighteen 
years of age, he became assistant clerk in the circuit clerk's office, at 
Clarksburg, where he remained three years. In 1869 he entered the Cin- 
cinnati Law School, graduating with the degree of Bachelor of Laws, in 
1870. His instructors at law school were Ex-Governor Hoadley, Bellamy 
Storer, and H. A. Morrill. After his graduation he took up law practice at 
Glenville, the town of his birth, where he became prosecuting attorney, 
serving one term. He was two years in Gilmer county, and twelve in 
Calhoun county, West Virginia, where he served two years as prose- 
cuting attorney. He then returned to Glenville, in March, 1884, and re- 
mained there until 1900, being associated in law with Hon. John S. 
Withers. In 1900 he went to Charleston, Kanawha county, this state, 
where he now resides and practices his profession. He has been asso- 
ciated, as partner in law business in Charleston, with George Byrne, 
now of the Manufacturers' Record, and also with William E. R. Byrne, 
his present law partner, having also his son, Robert Linn, as a member 
of the firm. Mr. Linn maintains offices at Sutton, Weston and Glen- 
ville, this state, having partners in each locality. From 1873 to 1907, 
he had for a partner, Hon. John M. Hamilton, w^th offices at Grants- 
ville, Calhoun county. It goes almost without sayjng, that Mr. Linn has 
to do with much of the important legal business in this section of \A'est 
Virginia, having so many sub-offices, the important cases pass through 
his hands for final investigation. Politically, he is a Democrat. In 
religious faith, he is of the Presbyterian church. In fraternal connec- 
tions, he is numbered among the members of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, at Glenville. 

He married at Weston, West Virginia, June 12, 1876, Alary Hamil- 
ton, who was born, reared and educated at that place. Her parents were 
Dr. J. M. and Mary (Lorentz) Hamilton, her mother being the daughter 
of John, and the granddaughter of Jacob Lorentz, of pioneer fame in this 
state. John Lorentz married Mary Reger; both are now deceased. The 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Linn, probably not in order of birth, were: i. 
Ernest, died young. 2. George, died June 22, 1908, while a law stu- 
dent at the University of West Virginia. 3. Edna, born June 25. 1878. 
educated at Wilson College, Pennsylvania: taught in normal schools, 
is now at home. 4. Mary, born April 25, t88o. educated at the Normal 
School of Glenville, West Virginia, and Hollister Seminarv, Roanoke, 
Virginia, now at home. 5. Harriet, born March 30. 1884: graduated first 
in high school, then from the Glenville Normal School, and later as a 
trained nurse at Washington, D. C. 6. Robert, born July 25. 1882, grad- 
uated at the law school of the University of West Virginia, in the class 
of 190^, with the degree of Bachelor of Laws: was admitted to the bar 
the same year, and has been associated in law business with his father. 
at Charleston, ever since. 7. Ruth, born October 25, 1S86. is fitting 
herself as a trained nurse, at Washington. D. C. 8. John Hamilton, 
born December 6. 1892. now in high school. 

CTlie Newcomb Line"). 

.As above referred to, the Linn and Newcomb families are intermar- 
ried, and this fragment of the Newcomb genealoo-v naturallv finds a place 
here: , - . __ ,^^ 

(I) Francis Newcomb, born in England. 1605, came to the Ameri- 
can colonies. 1635. with his wife, whose name was Rachel. 

fll) Peter, son of Francis and Rachel Newcomb. was born in 



WEST VIRGINIA 35 

Braintree, jMassachusetts, March 16, 1648; married, April, 1672, Susanna 
Cutting, daughter of Richard Cutting, of Watertovvn, Massacliusetts. 

(III) Jonathan, son of Peter and Susanna (Cutting) Newcomb, 
was born in Braintree, Massachusetts, March i, 1685, married Deborah 
; and their children included Benjamin, of whom below. 

(IV) Benjamin, son of Jonathan and Deborah Newcomb, was 

born at Braintree, Massachusetts, /\pril 9, 1719, removed to Norton, 
Massachusetts, and died in 1801. He married, November 24, 1743, Mary, 
daughter of John and Mercy Everett, of Dedham. 

(V) Rev. Ebenezer Newcomb, son of Benjamin and Mary (Everett) 
Newcomb, was born at Norton, Massachusetts, in November, 1754: he 
was a carpenter by trade, also a farmer and a Baptist minister. He 
fought in the war for national independence, being a member of Cap- 
tain A. Clapp's company. He died February 13, 1829. Ele married 
Wealthy Willis, February 23, 1779, and she died May 11, 1818. 

(VI) Ebenezer (2), son of the Rev.' Ebenezer (i) and Wealthy 
(Willis) Newcomb, was born October 22, 1785 ; was a carpenter, and 
cabinet maker. He removed from Greenfield, Massachusetts, to Fair- 
mont, Virginia, now in West Virginia, where he died in 1859. He mar- 
ried Sophronia Smith, born December 24, 1792. Their daughter, So- 
phronia, born December 6, 1816, died in August, 1890. She was a na- 
tive of Deerfield, Massachusetts, came to Virginia, with her parents when 
two years of age; she married Robert (2) Linn and became the mother 
of Robert G. Linn (see Linn V). s j^ /~\ ^- -^ ^ 

j 205993 



Among the names that will endure long after life's 
Mc^^'HORTER work is completed, is that of Honorable Henry Clay 
}iIcWhorter, of the city of Charleston, West A^ir- 
ginia, whose entire life is a fine example for those of the rising genera- 
tion, who seek the best in life, and hope to succeed at useful and high- 
minded callings, as has Judge McWhorter. While he is not a native of 
West A'irginia, his whole career as youth and man has been spent on 
the soil of this commonwealth. He was born February 20, 1836, in Mar- 
ion county, Ohio, the son of Fields and Margaret M. (Kester) McWhor- 
ter, both natives of Harrison county, Virginia, in that part now within 
West Virginia. At the age of six years the parents removed to Harri- 
son county. His father was a physician and served in the Union cause 
from Missouri. Henry C. of whom this narrative will especially treat, 
did not have the present-day educational advantages of the splendid free 
school system, as his 3'outh was spent before such facilities had spread in 
this country, to any extent. He was taught at private schools and by pri- 
vate tutors, and by such means was prepared to enter the old Institute at 
Ravenswood, Jackson county, after which he chose law for his profession 
and had made some headway in the study of this science, when his plans, 
like those of many thousands of young men — North and South — were all 
changed by the coming on of the terrible civil war. He closed his books 
and enlisted, September 16, 1861, as a private in Company B, Ninth 
Virginia Volunteer Infantry. He was mustered as second lieutenant Sep- 
tember 30, 1861. and on March i, 1862. became captain of Company G, 
serving until 1863 : he was in many severe engagements and saw hard mil- 
itary service, sustaining injuries which incapacitated him physically for 
further field service ; but he was retained in provost duty, until the end of 
the war, when he was chief clerk in the enrollment office of the third dis- 
trict of West Virginia. After the war, Captain McWhorter resumed his 
law study and was admitted to the bar at Charleston, in 1866. His pro- 



36 WEST MRGINIA 

fessional career has extended over a long period in which he has served 
in various pubHc capacities of honor and trust, never once betraying his 
feUow citizens. He was city solicitor of Charleston, and in 1869 was 
elected prosecuting attorney for Kanawha county, and was for many 
years deputy clerk of the United States district court ; also a councilman 
in the municipality of Charleston. In 1896 he was elected a member of 
the supreme court of appeals for West Virginia, which took him from the 
active practice of his profession, for the time being. He was on the su- 
preme bench twelve years, after which he traveled for pleasure and to re- 
cruit his health, and then resumed practice as a member of the firm of H. 
C. & L. E. McWhorter. 

Politically, Judge McWhorter is a Republican, and still active in par- 
ty councils. He represented Roane county, West Virginia, in the legisla- 
ture in 1865, and Kanawha county in 1866-67-68 and again in 1885-87. 
In 1866, he was chairman of the judiciary committee and in 1868, Speak- 
er of the House. During the "Grant, Colfax and Peace" political cam- 
paign of the autumn of 1868, he was a delegate-at-large to the Chicago 
Republican National Convention that nominated U. S. Grant for presi- 
dent ; he was postmaster at Charleston ; also at Spencer, Roane county, 
holding the latter office when the war broke out. He is an ardent mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church ; was delegate from West Vir- 
ginia conference twice to General Conferences ; also to numerous conven- 
tions of his church ; he has been for many years president of the board of 
trustees of the West Virginia Wesleyan College, at Buckhannon, and 
at the last meeting of the West Virginia Wesleyan College Trustees at 
Buckannon, West Virginia, the honorary degree of LL.D. was conferred 
upon Judge McWhorter. He has served on several charitable boards and 
in times of dire calamity has been foremost in helping to provide aid and 
comfort for unfortunate sufTerers. He was one of the Electors repre- 
.senting the Judiciary for the "Hall of Fame" in 1905, and has the dis- 
tinction of being the first president of the Independent board of educa- 
tion in Charleston district. He is prominent in Free mason circles, being 
a member of the Knights Templar, Eastern Star and Shriners degrees of 
this order ; also is connected with the Ohio Commandery of the military 
order of the Loyal Legion. 

He married (first) Mary Hardman, in Spencer, Roane county, De- 
cember 16, 1857. She died April 22. 1878. There were four children by 
this marriage, one of whom, Alma, died, aged nineteen years ; the others 
are: Margaret Lea, now Mrs. F. L. Flagg, of Pittsburgh: Minnie S., un- 
married, principal of Kanawha school, Charleston ; Romeo Chapin, of 
New Jersey, painter. On May 8, 1879, Judge McWhorter married (sec- 
ond) Eliza McWhorter; she died September i, 1881, leaving one child, 
Henry, who died in infancy. On January 8, 1885, he married (third) 
Lucy M. Clark, who died August 15, iQoo. On May 18, 1904, he mar- 
ried (fourth) Caroline M. (Hutchins) Gates, who died July 7, 1912. 



Thomas Laidley, the emigrant, reached New York in 
LAIDLEY 1774. He was a son of James Laidlaw, and was born 

in .Ayrshire, Scotland, January i, 1756. This difference 
in the name is not so great in pronunciation as in spelling and, owing 
to the fact that Thomas, when coming into the colonies of Great Britain, 
had made up his mind to take the side of the colonies against England, 
and being a subject of the latter government, he may have considered it 
safer to be known as Laidley, as they would have had some trouble in es- 
tablishing him as a British subject. It is said that in the civil war one of 



WEST VIRGINIA n 

the Laidleys of Virginia changed his name to Laidlaw. to distinguish 
himself from the Union men who were known as Laidlevs : but this may 
have been a whim, without any good reason for the change. It is stated 
that Thomas was engaged in aiding Washington in New Jersey and Penn- 
sylvania, was engaged at the battle of Trenton and other battles, and was 
in command of a grm-boat on the Delaware, and was at one time the stew- 
ard in charge of a hospital (see Penn. Archives, 3rd Series. \'ol. XXIII, 
pp. 81-2-3-4). Washington did not hesitate to say "put none but Amer- 
icans on guard to-night." And we imagine that he was no military man, 
being fresh from the old country ; but he was however, ready and willing to 
work anywhere that he could do the most good. It has come down as fam- 
ily tradition that he was engaged in the revolution with Washington in New 
Jersey and in Pennsylvania, in 1776-1777. We know that he was in Lan- 
caster, Pennsylvania, in 1778, and that he fell back from Philadelphia 
when the British occupied Philadelphia. He married Sarah Osborn, June 
18, 1778, at Lancaster. Pennsylvania. His wife was born in Philadelphia, 
October 12, 1762, and her parents were residents of New Jersey. 

After the war was over he settled and lived for several years again 
in Philadelphia, where his oldest child was born July 20, 1781, while all 
the other children were born at Morgantown. He had established him- 
self as a merchant at 2vIorgantown in 1783, and a Mr. iXIeans was his 
store-keeper. ]Mr. William Haymond says that he was going to Wil- 
liamsburg on one occasion and they sent by him $200 in gold, to pur- 
chase land office Treasury Warrants. V^'e read that his was the first store 
in ]\Iorgantown, and that he was induced to invest in real estate in said 
place. His name appears as a tax-payer on tithables, on horses and cat- 
tle in 1786, on the list returned by Joseph Jenkins for said year. He took 
out patents for land in 1786 as follows: For 2,000 acres on Hughes Run, 
1,375 acres on Grigsby Run, 5,000 acres on Slab-Camp Fork. 2,000 acres 
on Buchanons river, 4.000 acres on Hughes river in two tracts, 6,000 
acres adjoining Henry Banks, 875 acres on White Day Creek, and two 
tracts on Monongalia river, and he also purchased twelve lots in Mor- 
gantown. 

Thomas Laidlej- represented Monongalia as a delegate in 1788. Mr. 
Wiley on page zj^, says he was the delegate in 1797 and 1800. He re- 
moved from Morgantown to a farm near Farmington, on White Day 
Creek, and soon afterwards to a farm where he resided near his son, 
Leander S. Laidley, in IMarion county. He removed to Cabell county, in 
1809, but did not remain long there : he then removed to Marion county 
and in 1828 went to Cabell county to live with his son, John Laidley, 
where he died, Alarch 17, 1838. His wife died in 1844. It is said that 
his coming west was induced by Albert Gallatin who settled at New 
Geneva, and Laidley at Morgantown. 

Children: i. James Grant, of whom further. 2. Sarah F. B., born in 
jMorgantown, May 3, 1787, died in 1848; she married Jehu L. Davis. Their 
son, Alpheus Davis, died in 1902, aged eighty-four years. 3. Eliza Stuart 
born in Morgantown, May 31, 1789, died in 1828; she married, in 1826, 
Boaz Fleming of Monongalia county, born 1758, died 1830. Child, Eliza 
Diarex, born 1828, in Marion county; she lived in Cabell county with her 
uncle John, where she attended school, and later lived with her aunt Jane, 
in Fairmont. She married, November 14, i860, George W. Honsaker ; 
he died in 1895, aged seventy-four years. 4. John Osborn, of whom 
further. 5. Thomas H.. of whom further. 6. Jane B., born in Morgan- 
town January 26, 1796, died in 1879. 7. Leander S. of whom further. 8. 
Edmond J. F., born October 3. 1800, died in 1815. 9. Corrinne, born Jan- 
uary 6. 1803, died September 30, 1805. in Morgantown. 

(Ill) James Grant, son of Thomas Laidley, was born in Philadelphia, 



^8 WEST VIRGINIA 

July 20, 1781, and died in Parkersburg in 1821. He read law in Peters- 
burg and Richmond and settled in Wood county in 1801, representing 
said county as delegate in the session in 1809-10, and perhaps others. He 
organized a ritle company, was made captain and sent to the northwest 
during the war of 1812, and later breveted major. He was a member of 
the bar of Monongalia, Wood, and other western counties and was pros- 
ecuting attorney of Wood county. 

He married in Richmond, Virginia, March 15, 1806, Harriet Ouar- 
rier; she died in Qiarleston in 1875. Children: i. Alexander T., born 
April 14, 1807, died in Charleston in 1895. His only son, Richard Q., 
was a captain of Kanawha riflemen, C. S. A., and died in 1873. 2. Cor- 
inne, born April 14, 1807. 3. James Madison, born January 9, 1809. He 
was lawyer, banker, and saltmaker, and was in the legislature in 1848-49. 
He left a large family; one son. Professor George S. Laidley, has been 
superintendent of Charleston schools for years. 

(Ill) John Osborn Laidley, known as John Laidley of Cabell coun- 
ty, son of Thomas Laidley, was born in Morgantown, April 28, 1791, and 
died in April, 1863. He received a limited education, but in 1810, he was 
editing the Monongalia Gazette. In 1813, January term, G. H. Neal, 
clerk of Wood county, certified that John O. Laidley was twenty-one 
years of age, was a man of good character, a citizen of Virginia and 
had resided within said county of Wood for the ten months last past. 
On the 14th day of June, 1813, Daniel Smith, D. Carr and James Allen, 
judges, certified that they had examined John O. Laidley touching his ca- 
pacity, fitness and ability, and found him duly qualified to practice law, 
and "these are therefore to permit the said John O. Laidley to practice 
as an attorney at law in the courts of this commonwealth, 14 June, 1813. 

Daniel Smith Seal 
D. Carr Seal 

James Allen Seal" 

He went to Cabell county, with John Samuels, and located at Bar- 
boursville, the county seat, remaining but a short while ; they then went to 
Norfolk and there united with Captain Samuel Kennedy's Artillery Com- 
pany of Monongalia county. Here they remained until the close of the 
war. After the war was over they returned to Barboursville. John Laidley 
was appointed prosecuting attorney and John Samuels was made clerk of 
the courts, and they both continued in said offices the rest of their lives. 
John O. Laidley was in the leigslature from Cabell county in session of 
1819-1820, also in 1823-1824, and 1824-1825. He was also a member of the 
Virginia convention of 1829-30. In 1828 he removed from Barboursville 
to the Ohio river about halfway from Guyandotte to where Marshall 
Academy, now Marshall College, was afterwards located. It was in 1834 
that said academy was built and the school opened, and no one did more 
to have the same commenced than did Mr. Laidley. In said Academy 
there was a chapel set apart, which the neighborhood found convenient 
to attend every Sunday morning; the Southern Methodist or the Presby- 
terian found a minister there at all times and the same congregation was 
always on hand, no matter whom the minister might be. John O. Laidley 
was a Democrat and when the civil war came on, he was warmly opposed 
to secession insisting that it was wrong and suicidal to the south. He was 
confirmed in the Episcopal church, but was equally at home in any 
church where prayer was wont to be made. 

He married in 1816, Mary Scales Hite of North Carolina ; she was a 
descendant of Jost Hite of the Shenandoah Valley. Their children were: 
Amacetta, wife of Hon. George W. Summers of Kanawha county; Lou- 
ise, wife of W. H. Euffington of Cabell county; Theodore, was educated 
at West Point, and when he died was colonel in the Ordnance Depart- 




U)^. <^.^^ 



ctUx^ 



WEST VIRGINIA 39 

ment, U. S. A. : Albert, was a merchant, lawyer, speculator, and elected to 
the legislature in i860: he sold to C. P. Huntington the land on which the 
city of Huntington was built : Thomas M., was a physician, residing in 
Texas : Ulysses ; Sally ; John ; Eliza ; James ; William Sydney, of whom 
Huntington. In religious belief this family was about equally divided be- 
further ; George S. : Helen and Leander : all of whom are deceased ex- 
cept William Sidney and his sister, Mrs. Helen M. Burks, who resides in 
tween the Methodists, Presbyterians and Episcopalians, and in political 
adhercnces about equally divided between the Union and secessionism. 

(Ill) Thomas H.. son of Thomas Laidley, was born in September, 
1793, in Morgantown. He was never strong in his young days, attend- 
ing the schools when he was able +0 and was also taught at home ; he 
studied medicine in Parkersburg. and with Dr. McLain, of JMorgantown, 
and also with a doctor in Clarksburg. He removed to Carmichael's, 
Greene county, Pennsylvania, in 1826, and continued to practice there un- 
til 1875. His son, Dr. John B. Laidley, became his partner in 1856 and 
the father retired in 1875. He was a very quiet man but had the courage 
of his own corn-ictions, and was on the right side of all moral questions. 
He was a member of the jMethodist Episcopal church ; he was stern and 
austere commanding respect, but he was also kind and affectionate; he 
was known as a Democrat. In April, 1828, he married Sarah Barclay, 
who proved a devoted wife and mother. Children : Dr. John B. : Nerval, 
born 1829, died 1902 : Eliza A., born 1832, died 1879. married J. J. Col- 
lier ; James Madison, born 1835, moved to Missouri ; Thomas H., born 
1837, married and had a son, Thomas H. Jr., born 1873; Wilbur Fiske, 
born 1839, married and moved west; Charles H.. married and went to 
Iowa; Alvin D.. married a Miss McClintock, and he died in 1892; Leoni- 
das H., born 1844. married in 1880, and was a physician in St. Louis, and 
is now deceased; Mary married a Mr. Randolph, and she died in 1891 ; 

Sarah Maggie, born 1850, married (first) Leonard, and ("second) 

Henry Lewis, in Iowa. !\Iany of these children moved west and several 
are deceased. 

(Ill) Leander S.. son of Thomas Laidley. was born in ]\Iorgantown, 
February 20. 1798. He sold goods for a while, and was a stock raiser, 
farmer and trader ; he was also a justice of the peace. He married Eliza- 
beth Morgan of Manon county, born September, 1799. Their children 
were: Cordelia G., born 1819, died 1871, married C. T. Dana, 1838, who 
died in 1850; Serena E., born 1821, married Philemon Rice in 1847; ^^6" 
lissa A., born 1823. married J. S. Hawkins; Phylena E., born 1825, mar- 
ried John Pritchard, in 1847; Louise V., born 1827, married (first) Wil- 
liam Burns, and (second) Rev. N. M. Dillon; Napoleon D., born 1829, 
died 1845 ; Helen Mar, born 1831, married W. H. Armstrong in i860, she 
died in 1895 ; Narcissa M., born 1833, married B. B. Dillon in 1882. she 
died in 1900; George S., born 1835, died in Iowa in 1886; IMartha S., 
born 1839, married William Rex, she died in 1888: Agnes Hunter, born 
1 84 1, married L. E. Burgo^me in 1866. 

( lY) Hon. William Sydney Laidley, son of John Osborn and Mary 
Scales (Hite) Laidley. was born June 27, 1839, at "Lamartine," the 
Laidley homestead in Cabell county, Virginia. He is descended from 
Baron Jost Hite, Strassburg, Germany, with also a mingling of Eng- 
lish and" French blood in his veins, from the Scales and Du Bois families, 
and to some of these nationalities he is indebted for his humor and his 
artistic, literary and refined tastes. His schoolmates dubbed him "Doc," 
remembering that old saying "the seventh son must be a doctor." He at- 
tended school at Marshall College until nearly grown to manhood, then 
went to North Carolina, to assist his brother. Colonel T. T. S. Laidley, 
commander of the arsenal at Favetteville. North Carolina. After his 



40 WEST \'IRGIXIA 

father's death in 1863, Mr. Laidley came to Kanawha county, at the su- 
Hcitation of his brother-in-law, Judge George W. Summers, where he en- 
tered his law office and read law with him until 1865, when he was ad- 
mitted to the bar, and the firm of Summers and Laidley was formed. This 
partnership did not last for many years, as the Judge's health failed, and 
in 1868 he died. Then Mr. Laidley and Colonel W. H. Hogeman, a 
talented young lawyer from New York, formed the new firm of Laidley 
and Hogeman, this continued for seventeen years. Besides their general 
practice, they were attorneys for the Chesapeake and Ohio railroad, and 
interested themselves in public matters of importance — legal, social and 
political. In 1885, Colonel Hogeman died and Mr. Laidley was again left 
alone, lamenting the loss of a congenial friend and able partner. He de- 
clined all proposals of new partnership, remaining in the office alone up to 
the present time, and now his son is associated with him, under the firm 
name of Laidley & Laidley. Mr. Laidley has been a resident of Kana- 
wha county almost fifty years, and has seen the many changes that have 
swept over Charleston, noting how the little village grew to the beautiful 
cosmopolitan city of to-day, and he has ever been interested in her wel- 
fare, doing his full share to help the home of his adoption. He has fol- 
lowed his profession industriously, especially practicing with pleasure and 
success in the Appellate courts of the state, yet has found time to serve 
the town, county and state as an official. He has been a councilman in 
Charleston for many years. He was elected judge of the county court 
in igoo, when every other Democrat was defeated. During his term of 
office the new court house was erected, the road to Sissonville rebuilt, and 
many other permanent improvements made, thus showing the wisdom and 
good management of the court. He resigned before the term of office 
for which he was elected had expired. He was elected to the state legis- 
lature of West \^irginia, serving in 1872-73. Ever a staunch Democrat 
serving his party when and where he could, never bitter or vindictive, he 
always had many friends among his opponents. For many years he was 
either chairman or secretary of the County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee and had much to do with the success of his party. In the councils 
of the church he has been well-known, too. Many times he was sent as 
a delegate to the Diocesan Councils and to the National Council — the gen- 
eral Convention of the Protestant Episcopal church. As a man, he is 
quiet and unassuming, genial in manner, with a keen sense of humor and 
fine appreciation of a good joke. He is clear and concise in his argu- 
ments, honest and true in his dealings with all men, inheriting his father's 
integrity and love of justice, and disgusted with all that men and women 
know as mean and tricky, a great reader of excellent literature, always 
happy with his books. He is especially fond of historic research. He 
was a member of the Historical Society of his county, as long as it ex- 
isted ; was the editor and chief writer of the Historical Maga::ine; and in- 
sistently urged others to write for that publication. Many valuable his- 
torical items would have been lost to the state and the city of Charleston 
had it not been for his genius in this particular. In igii he edited the 
history of Kanawha county. 

He has never sought an office, but when elected he has served honestly 
and ably, thinking only of the good of others, of the public at home and 
the nation, and never of his own aggrandizement. He has long lieen, and 
is today, an exceptional man and truly worthy citizen. 

He married Septem.ber 20. 1869, Virginia, daughter of Judge J. H. 
Brown. The following children were born : i. Mary Louise, married Henry 
Bradford Clarkson : no issue. 2. Amacetta V., married Henry W. Good- 
win, now deceased : no issue. 3. Dora, died aged twenty years. 4. Lucy 
B., married foe Lane Stern : thev have five children : Marv L., Joe Lane 



WEST VIRGINIA 41 

(a daughter) L. Henry. Anne, Virginia. 5. Madeline, unmarried. 6. 
Dorothy, unmarried. 7. William Sydney, Jr., is an attorney in the office 
of his father. 8. Janet, unmarried. 0. Douglas, twin with Janet, died in 
infancy. 



Pennsylvania has furnished many of the highly successful 
CAPITO business men of present-day West \'irginia, and a consid- 
erable number of capitalists of the state have had their 
birthplace in foreign lands or been sons of foreign-born ancestry. Among 
the prosperous men of this type may be named the Capitos.of Charleston, 
Kanawha county. The banking interests of this city, — West Virginia's 
seat of justice and government, — are in the hands of careful, conservative 
financiers, including Charles Capito. the president of the Kanawha Na- 
tional Bank. 

(T) Godfrey Capito, his father, was a native of (jermany. In 1856 he 
went to ;\Iason City, West A'irginia, from Pittsburgh. He became a well 
known and highly respected business man of Mason City, at first follow- 
ing the blacksmith's trade, but later engaging in the brewing business, in 

which he was quite successful. He married Catherine , and had a 

son, Charles. 

(II) Charles, son of the German emigrant, Godfrey Capito. was born 
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, November i, 1849. He was only seven years 
of age when the family removed to ]Mason City, this state. There he had 
the advantages of the public schools, which later was supplemented by a 
six-year course at Concordia College, Fort Wayne, Indiana. After grad- 
uating he returned and engaged in business at Mason City for several 
years, up to iS"^, first being in the drug business and later in a grocery. 
Wishing to increase his opportunities he moved to Charleston, in which 
city he has resided ever since. For eleven years he was engaged in the 
fancy grocery trade at Charleston, also handling large quantities of fresh 
vegetables in market style. His next business enterprise was that of a 
wholesale liquor dealer, from which he retired in 1903. In later years he 
became interested in the banking business of his adopted city. Since Sep- 
tember I, 1910, he has been president and one of the directors in the Kan- 
awha National Bank, of which he was a director from its start in 1891. 
This is one of the safe and solid financial institutions of the city of 
Charleston. He has been officially connected with other large enterprises, 
being equally prominent in the Kanawha Valley Building & Loan Asso- 
ciation. He has ever been an active and useful citizen, and while accumu- 
lating a handsome competency for himself, has always worked for the 
general prosperity of others of his city and county. For a period of elev- 
en years he has been the president of the Charleston chamber of com- 
merce, which speaks much for his business sagacity and general business 
ability. Politically he was a Democrat up to 1893, since which date he has 
voted the Republican ticket. He is a member of the Lutheran church. 

He married, April 26, 1877, Sophia Benz. Children : Gustave. a prac- 
ticing physician of Charleston ; Bertha ; Henry, a prominent business man 
of Charleston, and superintendent of the Diamond Coal and Ice Com- 
pany: Kate, died at the age of twenty-two years. The Capito family 
have a large amount of Charleston and Kanawha county property, and 
own one of the finest residences in the city, located at No. 1605 \'irginia 
street, and Mr. Capito still holds hi^ former residence at No. 221 on the 
same street. 



42 WEST VIRGINIA 

The English residence of this family was at Saffron 
CHURCHAIAN Waldron, Essex county. Several persons of this 
name came to Pennsylvania about the same time. 
Little is known, save of one of these, John Churchman. George Church- 
man, an immigrant to Pennsylvania, was a relative of John Churchman ; 
Susanna Churchman, of Chester county, Pennsylvania, was married, in 
Pennsylvania, in i6go, George anfl John Churchman being among the 
witnesses. 

John Churchman, the founder of this family, was born about 1665, 
died in 1724. At the age of seventeen he emigrated to Darby, Delaware 
county, Pennsylvania, coming to America under the care of Thomas Car- 
ey. In the family of Thomas Carey, there was a daughter Hannah, then 
a child of six years, who afterward was-the wife of John Churchman. He 
settled at Chester, Pennsylvania, but in 1704 removed to the woods of 
Nottingham, Chester county, Pennsylvania, where he and his family were 
among the first settlers, tie married, in 1696, Hannah, daughter of 
Thomas Carey, who was born about 1676, died September 22, 1759. Chil- 
dren : George, born July 13, 1697, died April 29, 1767; Dinah, June 7, 
1699, married Messer Brown; Susanna, July 13, 1701, married William 
Brown; John, 7\ugust 29, 1703, died September 28, 1703; John, June 4, 
1705, died July 24, 1775, married, November 27, 1759, Margaret Brown; 
Thomas, November 16, 1707-08, died April 8, 1788; Miriam, August 25, 
1710, married James Brown; Edward, September 14, 1713, died in De- 
cember. 1732-33; Sarah, March 17, 1716, died August 2, 1750, married 
Joseph Trimble; William, November 29, 1720, married Abigail Brown. 

Several of the descendants of this John Churchman were noted per- 
sons. Among his sons the most famous was John, the second born of 
this name. He and his wUe were both Quaker ministers, and he spent 
four years in Great Britain, on a religious visit. But his grandson, great- 
grandson of the immigrant, also named John, was the most distinguished 
of the family. Like several other of the descendants of the immigrant 
John, he was a surveyor ; he was also an eminent geometrician, and de- 
spite lack of opportunities his native ability gained him honor for scien- 
tific research and attainments in learned circles both in America and in 
Europe. Twice he visited Europe; he died at sea returning from his 
second European journey, coming from St. Petersburg, Russia. 

Apparently all, or nearly all, the early bearers of this name in Amer- 
ica were Quakers. Among the early settlers of the valley of Virginia, 
who were members of the Society of Friends, this name is found. 

(I) John Knight Churchman, probably a descendant of John Church- 
man, the immigrant, was born in Augusta county, Virginia, in 1789, died 
in 1870. He was for twenty years sherifl:' of Augusta county. Child, 
Vincent Tapp, of whom further. 

(II) Dr. Vincent Tapp Churchman, son of John Knight Churchman, 
was born at Staunton, Augusta county, Virginia, about 1824, died in Jan- 
uary, 1872. He was a large man, weighing over three hundred pounds. 
By profession, he was a physician and surgeon, and he served in this ca- 
pacity, in the Confederate army throughout the war between the States. 
He also had charge of the recruiting division at Staunton. He married 
Margaret, daughter of John Graham, who died in 1897. Her father was, 
through most of his life, a hotel proprietor at Greenville, Augusta county, 
A^irginia, and he died at that place. Children : Alice, married J. C. Mat- 
thews, of Charleston, West Virginia; Vincent Tapp, of whom further; 
Henry Jouette, a druggist at Springfield, Ohio ; John Franklin, deceased : 
Anna, deceased ; Margaret, deceased ; Graham, deceased. 

(III) Dr. Vincent Tapp (2) Churchman, son of Dr. Vincent Tapp (i) 
and Margaret f Graham') Churchman, was born at Greenville, \'irginia. 



WEST VIRGINIA 43 

August 31, 1867. He attended the public schools of Greenville, and after- 
wards the Staunton Military Academy, Staunton. At the University of 
A'irginia he began his study of medicine, and this study he prosecuted also 
at the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, from which he graduated 
in 1889. He practiced first at Alderson, Monroe county, West Virginia, 
where he remained for two years. During this time he was engaged in 
general practice. Dr. Churchman then took a further course, of fifteen 
months' duration, at Jefferson Medical College, specializing in diseases of 
the eye, ear, nose and throat. At the end of this study, in 1892, he came 
to Charleston, West Virginia, and has from that time been engaged in 
this special practice. He has the largest practice in West Virginia in these 
specialties. Dr. Churchman is also keenly interested in horses, and has 
taken a leading part in the holding of many successful horse shows at 
Charleston. He is a member of the Free and Accepted iMasons. In po- 
itics, he is a Democrat. He is a Presbyterian. He married, at Charles- 
ton, November i, 1906, Janet, born at Prince, West A'irginia, daughter 
of John Kay. Her father is an immigrant from Scotland, now living at 
Leon, ]\Iason countv, W^est Virginia, \\here he is a farmer : her mother is 
deceased. Children : \'incent Tapp, Margaret Christina. 



At least two of the authorities on surnames — antl it is 
HUDSON singular and unusual to find such a measure of agree- 
ment among them — state that this name is a patronymic 
for Roger, being directly derived from its nickname Hodge or Hod. The 
best known of this name to visit American shores, and probably the first, 
though his purpose was not for settlement, was Henry Hudson, who al- 
though he commanded a Dutch expedition and is often called on account 
of his Dutch associations Hendrick Hudson, was himself an Englishman; 
the Hudson river, mainly in the state of New York, perpetuates his name. 

A probable line of ancestry for the present family, through about two 
hundred years, is as follows. There is some difference in the authorities 
consulted with regard to the early record, and the connection between 
these persons and the recent ancestors is conjectural, yet it is based on 
probable evidence. 

fl) Charles Hudson, the first member of this family about whom we 
have definite information, died in 174S. He was of Hanover county, Vir- 
ginia, and it is almost certain he never lived in Albemarle county, Vir- 
ginia ; he was, however, one of the earliest patentees in this county, his 
first entry being made in 1730, on the Hardware river. The land covered 
by this entry was below Carter's bridge, and it was of two thousand acres 
in extent ; other grants followed this first one, in the same vicinity. This 
land embraced RIount Air, which was one of the seats of the Hudson 
family for more than one hundred years. The stream entering the Hard- 
ware river, from the south, below Mount Air, was formerly known as 
Hudson's creek. In 1735, Charles Hudson took a patent in another re- 
gion also, but this latter land he sold two years later. His wife's sur- 
name was probably Royall. Children : William : John, of whom further ; 
Christopher ; Mary, married John Wingfield ; Elizabeth, married Nicholas 
Johnson ; Rebecca, married Robert Wathen : Sarah, married Richard Hol- 
land : Ann, married Joseph Lewis. 

fll) John, son of Charles Hudson, died about 1768; his will was 
proved in Albemarle county, Virginia, January 12, 1769. He lived on the 
lower Hardware river. He married Anne . Children : Charles, mar- 
ried Jane Lewis; John, died in 1801 ; Christopher, of whom further; 
Mary, married Gaines ; Anna Maria. 



44 WEST VIRGINIA 

(III) Christopher, son of John and Anne Hudson, died in 1825. He 
was a captain in the state mihtia ; in 1800 he was appointed a magistrate, 
but he resigned four years later. His residence was at Mount Air. He 
died possessed of more than five thousand acres of land. He married 
Sarah, daughter of David and Elizabeth Anderson ; her father and moth- 
er came from Hanover county, \'irginia, and settled in Albemarle coun- 
ty. Children : Eliza y\nderson, married George Gilmer ; Ann, married 
William Tompkins ; Anderson, of whom further. 

(IV) Anderson, son of Christopher and Sarah (Anderson) Hudson, 
was born near Lynchburg, Virginia. He was a farmer, and served in 
the war of 181 2. Child, Samuel, of whom further. 

(V) Samuel, son of Anderson Hudson, was born in Virginia, about 
1816, died in 1888. He was a farmer, and settled in Kanawha county, 
''irginia. Child, Anderson, of whom further. 

(VI) Anderson (2), son of Samuel Hudson, was born in Kanawha 
county, Virginia, on his father's farm, in November, 1840, died December 
13, 1907. He continued to reside on the farm. In the latter part of the 
civil war, being a Union man, he served in the Seventh West Virginia 
Cavalry, Company M. He married Roxie. born in Kanawha county, Vir- 
ginia, in March, 1851, now living at Charleston, West Virginia, daughter 
of Henry Hiram Holstein, who was born in Botetourt county, Virginia, 
died in 1897, at the age of seventy years ; he was a Union soldier in the 
civil war, serving in an Indiana regiment, and was a prisoner in Libby 
prison. Children of Anderson and Roxie (Holstein) Hudson, all living: 
James Frank, of whom further; Cecile, married R. L. Dickinson, of 
Pratt, West Virginia ; Cora B., single, and living with her mother at 
Charleston ; Bertram A., living at Charleston, and now money order clerk 
in the postoffice ; Joseph A., living at Charleston, was formerly a travel- 
ing salesman for the Kanawha Drug Company, and is now assistant post- 
master at Charleston. 

(VII) James Frank, son of Anderson (2) and Roxie (Holstein) 
Hudson, was born in Kanawha county, West Virginia, on the old Hud- 
son homestead farm, December 14, 1869. After having attended the local 
schools, he went to Barboursville College, Barboursville, Cabell county, 
\A'est A''irginia. After this he taught school for three years in his native 
county, and in 1900 came to Charleston, West Virginia, and entered the 
grocery business. For two years he was engaged in this business, having 
his own store. For the next four years thereafter he was chief deputy 
for John A. Jarrett. sheriff of the county, and he was then appointed tax 
assessor, under C. W. Dillon, of Kanawha county, according to the "Daw- 
son law." This was in 1905, and he was the first assessor appointed after 
this law went into effect in that year. After one year in this position he 
left political activity of this sort, temporarily. For five years he was 
secretary and treasurer of th.e Elk City Sand and Lime Company. On 
March 29, 1909, Mr. Hudson was appointed postmaster of Charleston, 
West Virginia, by President Taft, and this position he still holds, in 191 2. 
He is a strong Republican, and was formerly decidedly active in politics. 
For eight years, until 1908, he was a member of the Republican county 
committee for Kanawha county : within this period he was acting chair- 
man for four years and secretary for six years, holding both these posi- 
tions during two years. From 1906 to 1908 he was also a member of the 
congressional committee of the party, and from 1908 to 1910 was a mem- 
ber of the Republican senatorial committee. His church is the First 
Presbyterian. He married, in Kanawha county. November 28, 1893, Sal- 
lie, born in Kanawha county, daughter of Enos and Mary (Calvert) Jar- 
rett. Her father was a farmer in this county; he is deceased, but her 
mother is living at Charleston, having attained the age of eighty-three 



WEST VIRGINIA 45 

This is an old New England family, and is represented in 
STILES West Virginia by Hon. Maynard F. Stiles, of Charleston, 
Kanawha county, where he has resided about eighteen years. 
The following sketch treats of the genealogy and biography of his imme- 
diate family. 

(I) William Stiles, the great-grandfather, was of Massachusetts 
stock and an early resident of Vermont, in which state he probably died. 
But little is now known of his career, other than that he married and had 
a son, named Asahel, and other children. 

(II) Asahel, son of William Stiles, was born in Tunbridge, A'ernKJUt, 
where the active years of his life were spent, he dying at tlie age of forty- 
five years. November 8, 1812, he married Nancy Bradford, a native of 
\'ermont, and descendant of old Governor Bradford of the Plymouth Col- 
ony. She was born 1788, and died in her native state, aged seventy-two 
years. Her parents were Timothy and Edith (Howe) Bradford, the 
mother being a descendant of a brother of Lord William Howe, and 
daughter of William and Edith (Livingstone) Howe. Generally, the 
Stiles family were agriculturists, with now and then a professional man 
and a tradesman. They were usually large robust men and women, which 
was also true of the Bradfords, and to this is doubtless due the fact that 
Maynard F. Stiles has attained the height of six feet and four inches, and 
weighs two hundred and thirty pounds. Asahel Stiles and wife had chil- 
dren as follows: i. Clarissa A., married a Mr. Fairchild. 2. Clarinda M., 
married J. F. Sanders. 3. Asahel B., of whom further. 4. Nancy B., 
married Riley F. Cudworth. 5. David L., married Augusta French, an 
aunt of Associate Justice Harlan's wife ; and lived in Rochester, New 
York. 6. John M., went to Chicago, and was a merchant tailor many 
years, dying at an advanced age ; he married and left children. 7. Wil- 
liam L., resided in Springfield, Vermont, where he died an old man ; mar- 
ried and his son, Frank Stiles, is now editor and publisher of the 
Springfield Reporter. 8. Baxter Bradford Stiles, settled in Denver, Colo- 
rado, in 1859, and became a prominent citizen and business factor, as well 
as an eminent lawyer ; he was three times elected mayor of Denver, he 
married, but had no issue. 9. Malvina, died in infancy. 10. Maynard F., 
died, single, aged less than fifty years ; he practiced law in Iowa and at 
Memphis, Tennessee, and later was a cotton planter in Arkansas ; He 
was also elected judge of Hardin county, Iowa. 

(III) Asahel Bradford Stiles, was born in Tunbridge, Vermont, May 
24, 1817. His life was largely spent in his native state as a thrifty New 
England farmer, but for a few years he was engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits, in the city of Boston, Massachusetts. His early life was devoted to 
hard work, for when only sixteen years of age his father died, and the 
care of supporting the family fell to his lot. He succeeded, however, in 
fairly educating the other children of the family, at the same time spar- 
ing odd moments in which to study himself ; thus, when fully grown to 
manhood, he was well informed for his day and generation. Politically 
he was a Democrat, and a good speaker, and made his influence felt on 
the stump, in various campaigns, and during the stirring times of the 
civil war. Before 1861 he was in full accord with the "Douglas Demo- 
crats," and worked for the election of Stephen A. Douglas for president, 
when a candidate against Mr. Lincoln. In his religion he was liberal, as 
Vi'ill be understood when it is said that he was a Universalist and a work- 
er in both the church and Sunday-school of that denomination. He also led 
the choir. He married, April 5, 1843, '"^ Brookfield, Vermont. Abigail Lov- 
ett Adams, born November, 1822, in Brookfield, died November, 1884. Her 
parents were Captain Thomas and Mary (Warner) .\dams. The former, 
born August 19, 1788, died at Brookfield, \'ermont, September 20, 1843: 



46 WEST VIRGINIA 

married, May 22, 1814, Mary Warner, born September 25, 1795. died 
February 22, 1892, in Brookfield, Vermont. An ancestor of hers. Major 
Ames Walbridge, served gallantly in the revolutionary war. Her cousin, 
Colonel Seth Warner, was a comrade-in-arms of Colonel Ethan Allen, 
and second in command of the "Green Mountain Boys" in the contest be- 
tween Vermont, then called the New Hampshire Grants, and New Hamp- 
sliire and New York which claimed the territory. The struggle was sus- 
pended when the revolutionary war called all loyalists to operate against 
England. The paternal grandfather of Mrs. Mary (Warner) Adams 
was Major Reuben Adams, born October 22, 1761, died August 30, 1833, 
who married Abigail Lovett, December 4, 1783. She was born March 
10, 1761, died October 26, 1841. Asahel Bradford Stiles and wife had 
children: i. Darwin Lysander, born in Vermont, April 26, 1844: married 
in Vermont, Fidelia Lincoln, died in 1910, leaving one child, Winona, 
who married Herbert Rood. 2. Isabelle C, October, 1846; married 
Thomas O. Lynch, and resides in Denver, Colorado. They have a son. 
Edward Asahel, an actor and singer of note, who married Belle Dale, 
the daughter of a prominent Salt Lake City lawyer. 3. Imogene Olivia, 
November, 1850, at Tunbridge, Vermont : married Ora H. Goodale, and 
.esides at South Royalton, Vermont. He died in 1908, leaving children : 
Ernest C, died aged twenty-nine years; Grace, wife of Dr. H. H. Hay- 
wood, of Randolph, Vermont; and Gertrude (a twin sister of Grace), 
married Clarence I. Cate, of Boston, Massachusetts. 4. Maynard French, 
of whom further. S- Fannie Susan, November 15, i8s7, died unmarried 
in 1882. 

(IV) Hon. Maynard French Stiles, son of Asahel B. and Abigail 
Lovett (Adams) Stiles, was born at Tunbridge, Vermont, May 7, 1854. 
He attended the public schools in his native town until fourteen years of 
age, then became a pupil at the Green Mountain Institute, at .South 
Woodstock, A^ermont, subsequently entering Phillips-Exeter Academy, 
Exeter, New Hampshire, graduating after a three years' course, in 1873. 
During the same year he entered Harvard University, taking an academic 
course and graduating with the class of 1877. Having decided to become 
an attorney, he took up the study of law under John Converse, of Boston, 
Massachusetts; but a few years later caught the western fever, and 
wended his way to the mining section of Colorado, when the names of 
Ruby Camp, Irwin, Gothic, Crested Butte, Gunnison and Leadville, all 
now in geography and mining reports, lured the adventurer to "the West" 
and to hoped-for fortune. He was attracted with thousands of others to 
that famous gold and silver mining country, and passed through many in- 
teresting and not a few trying experiences in that wild, new country. He 
became a police judge at Irwin, having for his district as much territory 
as is contained in Massachusetts. His office and court room were known 
as the "Arsenal." For two years he held the position of city attorney at 
Crested Butte. Upon leaving Colorado he went to Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia. In California Mr. Stiles practiced law and in 1888-89 h^'d the office 
of city auditor and ex-officio clerk of the city council. In the autumn of 
1891 he returned to Boston, Massachusetts, where he entered into a law 
partnership with Samuel W. Clififord. Two years later he went to 
Charleston, West Virginia, where for sixteen years he was engaged in 
representing claimants of the great Robert Morris grant, patented to 
Robert Morris of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the litigation concerning 
which was known to lawyers as the "Great King Land Case." Since the 
settlement of those matters, Mr. Stiles has paid special attention to land 
cases. He is looked upon as one of the prominent lawyers of the state. 
Politically he is a Democrat and a leader in his party. He and his family 
attend the Kanawha Presbyterian Church. He married, in Gunnison, Col- 



WEST VIRGINIA 4- 

orado, in 1884, Ellen S., daughter of Benjamin F. and Eliza A. (Trow- 
bridge) Field, natives of Wisconsin, but of New England ancestry. Her 
father was the inventor of many useful manufacturing processes, espec- 
ially relating to straw-board and paper-making in general. He was of 
the noted Field family, from which came Cyrus W. Field of Atlantic 
cable fame, and the merchant prince of this name in this country. Mr. 
and Mrs. Stiles have no children of their own, but adopted one known 
as Tomasa Stiles, born in Baltimore, Maryland, December 19, 1890. She 
was well educated at the schools of Charleston, and is a young lady of re- 
finement and high culture. Her sister is the wife of T. S. Clark, of the 
law firm of Chilton, McCorkle & Chilton. 



The names Mathews and Matthews, very probably 
MATHEWS variant spellings of one family name, were already 

common in Maryland and Virginia, in the earliest col- 
onial times, and among them those of men of great distinction. The two 
names are frequently mentioned in the state censuses of Virginia in 1782 
to 1785. Two Mathews lines are mentioned in A'irginia, one descending 
from Samuel iMathews, who settled in that colony as early as 1622, and 
the other from another emigrant ancestor who came to Augusta county 
about 1737. There is, however, still no direct evidence to connect either 
of these with the family herein discussed. 

(I) Thomas Mathews was living in Queen Anne's county, Maryland, 
in 18 18, when his son, James R., was born. If he was in that county in 
1790, he was not then the head of a family, for he is not named in the 
census. A Thomas Mathews is named in that census, as living in Mont- 
gomery county ; and there are two more of the name Thomas Matthews, 
one living in Talbot, the other in Charles county. Children of Thomas 
Mathews : James Ridgeway, of whom further ; John, emigrated to Ohio ; 
Captain George : and a daughter. 

(II) James Ridgeway, son of Thomas ^lathews, was born in Queen 
Anne's county, Maryland. January 29, 1818, died June, 1892. Removing 
from Maryland he settled in Marshall county, Virginia. Children : Chris- 
topher Columbus, of whom further : Senator Samuel Wiley : and Mary 
\'irginia, died in childhood. 

(HI) Sergeant Christopher Columbus Mathews, son of James 
Ridgeway Mathews, was born in Marshall county, Virginia, November 
15, 1843. In ths civil war he saw hard service in many battles, and was 
promoted first to corporal, afterward to sergeant of Company A, Twelfth 
Regiment West Virginia Volunteer Infantry. He was with Sheridan in 
the Shenandoah campaign, including the battles of Berryville, Opequan 
and Fisher's Hill. From 1893 to 1897 he was sheriff of Marshall county. 
At Moundsville. Marshall county, West Mrginia, where he now lives, he 
served as a member of the city council for four years. He has been cash- 
ier of the Marshall County Bank. He is a prominent Republican. 

He married. September 14. 1865, Esther Jane, daughter of John and 
Margaret (Ingram) Scott. Her parents were immigrants from Ireland, 
having left county Armagh about 1833, very shortly after their marriage 
Mrs. Mathews is an honored member of the Ladies of the Grand Army 
of the Republic. Children : William Burdette. of whom further ; John 
Ingram, born January 3, 1869, died November, 1886: IMadge Ridgeway, 
married Frank D. Sigaboose, of Moundsville. 

(IV) William Burdette, son of Sergeant Christopher Columbus and 
Esther Jane (Scott) Mathews, was born in Marshall county. West Vir- 
ginia, August 27, 1866, on the farm in the Round Bottom, which he now 



48 WEST VIRGINIA 

owns. The ownership of this farm has been vested in only five men, the 
first being George Washington, who was given a patent for the tract, of 
which this farm is a part, from the state of Virginia in 1784. He sold the 
land in 1798, for ten dollars an acre, to Colonel Archibald McClean of 
.Alexandria, Virginia, who sold it to his son H. J. McClean, in 1841, for 
twenty dollars per acre. He in turn sold it to C. C. Mathews in 1877, ^or 
eighty dollars per acre, and in 1912 Mr. Mathews sold it to his son, Wil- 
liam B. Mathews, for one hundred dollars per acre. Thus in one hundred 
and twenty-eight years, it has only been transferred four times. 

William Burdette Mathew'S attended the local public schools, the 
Moundsville high school, from which he was graduated in 1883, and 
Waynesburg College, Waynesburg, Greene county, Pennsylvania, from 
which he was graduated in 1886. In 1890 he entered Columbian, now 
George Washington University, Washington, D. C, to take a course in 
law. He there received the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1891, and 
Master of Laws in 1892. For four years he practiced in Washington. 
Returning then to Moundsville he practiced at that place for a short time. 
In 1897 he came to Charleston, West Virginia, which is still his place of 
residence. Here he accepted the chief clerkship in the state auditor's of- 
fice, and served under auditors LaFollette and Scherr. In 1902 he was 
appointed assistant attorney-general of West Virginia, under Attorney- 
General Freer, and this position he held until he was appointed clerk of 
the supreme court of appeals of the state. This office he holds to the 
present time (1912). He also served four years in the city council of 
Charleston. 

He is a stockholder and director in the Capital City Bank ; the Con- 
solidated Casualty Company ; the United Savings & Annuity Company ; 
and both the building associations, and three land companies, of Charles- 
ton. He is a member of several Masonic bodies. He is now trustee of 
the Local Camp, at Charleston, of the Modern Woodmen of America. 
Besides these he is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, past captain of the Sons of Veterans, and a member of the Edge- 
wood Country Club. He is a Republican. When the state league of Re- 
publican clubs met at Parkersburg,. in 1900, he was president, and was a 
McKinley and Roosevelt elector the same year. Mr. and Mrs. Mathews 
are Methodists. Mr. Mathews was a delegate to the general conference 
of the church at Chicago, in May, 1900, and at Los Angeles, in ^lay, 
1904; a delegate also to the Fourth Ecumenical Methodist Conference, 
at Toronto, Canada, in October, 191 1. His public spirit is shown by his 
work as director in the Young Men's Christian Association and the Union 
Mission Settlement. 

William Burdette Mathews married. October 25, 1900, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Rev. Edgar Brown and Sarah Frances (Young) Blundon, of 
Charleston, who was born in Tyler county. West Virginia. Her father 
was a major in the federal army, and after the war became a Methodist 
minister. Mrs. Blundon now resides with Mr. and Mrs. Mathews. Chil- 
dren : Sarah Esther, born December 29. 1902; Elizabeth, July 18, 1905; 
John Ingram, and Edgar I'.lunddn. twins. February 24, 1909, both died 
in infancy. 



This family originally resided in England. There were 
SHEPHERD three of the name wdio came together from England, 

one settling in Virginia, one in North Carolina and one 
in Texas. The following narrative will treat especially of the generations 
in this country down to and including Hon. Adam Robert Shepherd, pres- 
ent judge of the Kanawha county court. 



WEST VIRGINIA 49 

{1) Robert Shepherd was born just at the close of the war for na- 
tional independence, and died in the year 1888. He accompanied his par- 
ents from one of the colonies to what is now West Virginia, they settling 
at Charleston, Kanawha county. He was a successful farmer and stock 
raiser, and was the owner of a fine farm in Union district. He was a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and was highly esteemed by 
his neighbors. He married Mary Good, a member of a prominent Vir- 
ginia family, who survived her husband six years. Children: i. John, 
of whom further. 2. B. King, born in New Salem ; reared and educated 
there ; married Louisa Aultz, of Kanawha county, Virginia ; resided in 
Charleston, West Virginia, where he was engaged in farming. 3. James 
Robert, born in Salem, Virginia ; resided on the old homestead in Union 
district : married Eliza, daughter of Robert Young, an early settler of 
Charleston. 

(II) John, eldest child of Robert and Mary (Good) Shepherd, was 
born in Roanoke county, Virginia, in 1833, died ^larch 17, 191 1, in 
Charleston, West A'irginia. He taught school in Roanoke county and 
Charleston for thirty years, being highly successful in that calling, and 
acquired a reputation for great knowledge and wisdom. He was also in- 
terested in the nursery business for a number of years. He resided in 
South Charleston, and during his leisure time made a special study of the 
Kanawha valley. During the civil war he served in the capacity of rev- 
enue collector. He was active in the work of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and was a Republican in politics until the last fifteen years of his 
life, when he transferred his allegiance to the Prohibition party. He 
married Louisa A., born in Kanawha county, Virginia, about 1841, died 
April 6, 1907, daughter of Adam and Patsey (Samuels) Aultz. She was 
educated in the public schools of her native county, and was a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. Adam Aultz was a member of an old 
and honorable family of Rockbridge county, \'irginia. He was a member 
of the Methodist church, and a Republican, and was known as a man of 
sterling qualities and very temperate habits. Both he and his wife lived 
to over eighty years of age, the latter dying in 1890 at the home of her 
daughter, Mrs. Shepherd, in Charleston. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Shep- 
herd : I. Clark W., born 1863; educated in the public schools, at Wesley- 
an University, Ohio, where he graduated, graduating also from the Medi- 
cal College of Baltimore, Maryland, in 1888, with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine ; practiced his profession at Spring Hill : married Lucy Tisdale, 
of Lunenburg county, Virginia ; had one son, Tisdale. 2. L. Ella, born 
in Charleston, 1865 ; educated in the public schools: engaged as teacher in 
the schools of her native city. 3. Adam Robert, of whom further. 4. 
Mattie, born 1869 : wife of C. L. Pauley, of Raleigh, West Virginia, em- 
ployed with the Raleigh Coal Company. 5. J. King, born 1872 ; educated 
in schools of Charleston ; serves as deputy sh.eriff of Kanawha county ; 
unmarried. 

(III) Hon. Adam Robert Shepherd, son of John and Louisa A. 
(Aultz) Shepherd, was born in Charleston, West Virginia, April 7, 1868. 
He was educated in the schools of his native city. In early life he en- 
gaged in the nursery business with his father, and continued along the 
same line for twenty years. In 1894 he embarked in the general mer- 
chandizing business on his own account, at Spring Hill, and has success- 
fully conducted the same up to the present time (1913). He has always 
evinced a keen interest in politics, and been honored by appointment and 
election to various important positions of trust by his fellow citizens. He 
is a staunch adherent of the principles of the Republican party, and has 
served as delegate to state and county conventions. He served as secre- 
tary of the Eighth Senatorial District: was appointed postmaster of 



50 WEST \1RGINIA 

Spring Hill, West N'irginia, by the late President \\illiam AlcKinley, in 
the spring of 1897, and ably filled that position until lyoo, when he was 
elected to the office of county assessor for a term of four years ; in 1906 
he was elected to the legislative branch of the West Virginia general as- 
sembly, where he served two years; in 1908 he was elected a member of 
the county court, his term to expire in 1914. He has discharged the dut- 
ies of these various oflices with fidelity and impartiality, and year by year 
has constantly grown in public estimation. The citizens of Kanawha 
county will ever be thankful for their wise selection of Judge Shepherd, 
who, aided by others, has succeeded in putting the county finances on a 
solid financial footing. He is a member of Washington Lodge, No. 58, 
Ancient Free and Accepted JMasons, of St. Albans ; Spring Hill Lodge, 
No. 140, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of which he has been treas- 
urer also for more than fifteen year? ; and the Knights of Pythias. 

Mr. Shepherd married, June 29, 1899, in Charleston, West Virginia, 
Elizabeth F., born in Richmond, in 1878, daughter of the late Robert El- 
lett. Mrs. Shepherd is a member of the First Baptist Church of Rich- 
mond. They arc the parents of one child, Ellett Xorthcott, born January 
7. 1901. 



Colonel Ellsworth Rudesill, whose activity in business 
RL'DESILL and politics has made him notable all over the country, 
comes of an Ohio family, whose lines of ancestry have 
been traced across the Atlantic, although not given here. Columbus 
Rudesill, his father, was born in Ohio about 1836, died at Chardon, Ohio, 
February i, 191 1. He was of German extraction. He was a member 
of the Republican party, and attended the Presbyterian church. He mar- 
ried Frank E. Bentlev. also horn in Ohio, hut descended from a family of 
English ancestry. She is still li\ing. Their only child was Colonel Ells- 
worth Rudesill. 

Colonel Ellsworth Rudesill, son of Columbus and Frank E. (Bentley) 
Rudesill, was born October 10, 1861, near Akron, Ohio, and was named 
in honor of a young Laiited States army officer who was one of the first 
to be killed in the civil war. His early education was received in Akron, 
and he graduated from the Akron high school. He then became his 
father's partner in the latter's establishment at Gallipolis, Ohio, where he 
dealt in crockery and queensware. By the time he was twenty-five years 
old, his father had transferred this business to Charleston. The store was 
located on Ivanawha street from 1888 to 1900, when it was removed to 
Capitol street, and took the firm name of Rudesill & Mead. From that 
year until 1907 it continued prosperously, and was incorporated finally 
in the last mentioned year ; and two years later closed its doors to trade. 
Li 1909 Colonel Rudesill became census supervisor for the third congres- 
sional district. West Virginia, which included ten counties. His work 
was highly praised by the Washington officials of the census department, 
one of whom sent the following testimonial : "I desire at this time to con- 
gratulate you upon your successful conduct of your duties as superintend- 
ent of census. They have been performed to the satisfaction of this of- 
fice and to your own credit. Your work has been arduous and difficult 
and the results clearly show wisdom of your selection of supervisors." 
About 191 1 he was state agent for West Virginia for the Guarantee, 
Trust & Banking Company, of Atlanta, Georgia, an investment bonding 
company, but has since given up his connection with this firm. His pres- 
ent interests are with the Cnited Savings and .Annuity Company, for 
which he is director of the agency in Charleston. His Inisiness ex]ierience 
is very wide and he is well known and successful in the work ho under- 



WEST \1RGINIA 51 

takes. Politically Colonel Rudesill has held many important offices, and 
has helped make history in the state of West \'irginia. He was elected in 
1903 to the state legislature by the Republicans, and served one term. In 
Alarch, 1904, he was elected mayor of Charleston, served one term, and 
u inning higli encomiums for his executive ability. At various times he 
has been made delegate to conventions in county and state. E.\-Governor 
White appointed him on the state board of asylums, of which he was pres- 
ident for eight years, and did important work in connection with this 
body. Colonel E. Rudesill is a charter member of the Charleston Lodge, 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and has served as exalted ruler 
for three terms. He is, with his wife and two older children, connected 
with the Episcopal church in Charleston. 

Colonel E. Rudesill married at Gallipolis, Ohio, Alice Cromley, born 
reared and educated in Gallipolis, daughter of Francis A. and Alary E. 
(Williams) Cromley. Francis A. Cromley, born in Pennsylvania, died 
in Charleston, at the age of seventy-four years. He was attached to the 
quartermaster's department of the Federal army during the civil war. 
In politics he was a Democrat : and fraternally, connected with the Ma- 
sons and Odd Fellows. He married Mary E. Williams, at fronton, Ohio. 
Her parents were Welsh, and she was born on shipboard, while they 
were coming across the Atlantic to America ; her education was received 
in Kentucky, but after her marriage she lived in Ohio, where she died in 
her fortieth year. 

Mr. and Mrs. Rudesill have the following children: Frank Ells- 
worth, born in Ohio, graduated from the Charleston high school, now as- 
sistant manager of the Daily Mai! of that city, and successful in business ; 
Alice M., graduated at the age of seventeen from the Charleston high 
school : Donald Bentley, still attending school. 



The Preston family came originally from England, and 
PRESTOX in the early days of the colony settled in Bedford county, 

\'irginia, and like all others of that time took up tilling 
of the soil of that state. The introduction of the cultivation of tobacco by 
John Rolfe had given a tremendous impetus to agriculture, and the first 
fortune of a million dollars accumulated in this country was made in the 
production and shipping of tobacco at Falmouth, Virginia. 

(I) Stephen Preston, the first of the present line of whom definite 
information is to be had, was born October 15, 1794, in Bedford county, 
but lived the greater part of his life at Glade Hill. Virginia, in the house 
in which later his grandson, Benjamin Spottswood Preston, was born. 
The house is standing at the present day and is still owned by the Pres- 
ton family. He enlisted in the service of his country in the war of 1812. 
He followed the occupation of farming, dying March 22, 1864, at the age 
of seventy years. He married Frances Turner by whom he had children : 
Stephen B., of whom further, Christopher P., Benjamin, Mary. Lottie 
and Frances. 

(II) Stephen Brooker, son of Stephen Presttjn, was born at Glade 
Hill. Virginia, November 22. 1838, and died January 15, 1907. He was a 
farmer and spent most of his life near Glade Hill. \'\nien the war be- 
tween the states broke out he enlisted in the Confederate army and 
served throughout the entire period of its duration ; he was appointed as 
sergeant of Company K, Tenth Virginia Cavalry. He married Isabelle 
Frances Arrington, born near Glade Hill, December 4, 1840, and died De- 
cember 30, 1903. They had eleven children of whom seven are now liv- 
ing: John W., M. D., lives in Roanoke, Virginia; Stephen, D. D. S. : Ben- 



52 WEST VIRGINIA 

jamin Spottswood, of whom further : D. G., M. D., lives at Burnwell, 
West Virginia; Christopher B., M. D., lives at Kingston, West Virginia; 
H. Tate, is a telegraph operator in West Virginia ; Annie M., married 
F. W. Finley, of Williamsburg, Kentucky. Those that died were: John 
W. ; child died unnamed ; James B., aged five years ; Maggie, aged three 
years. 

(Ill) Dr. Benjamin Spottswood Preston, son of Stephen Brooker 
Preston, was born January 2, 1874, at Glade Hill. He attended as a boy 
the local schools of Glade Hill, and then graduated in pharmacy from the 
University College of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia, in 1897, and for 
a year afterwards followed that profession at Richmond and Rocky 
Mount, Virginia. He then took up the study of medicine at the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons at Baltimore, Maryland, and was graduated 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine from that institution in 1902, en- 
tering upon medical practice at Burnwell, West Virginia, and remaining 
there for several years. After this he decided to take up further ad- 
vanced work, and spent a year in London, England, and in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, studying post-graduate courses. He then came in 1909 to 
Charleston, West X'irginia, and has been there ever since. He is a stock- 
holder and a director in Keeny's Creek Colliery Company, and stockhold- 
er in the Beckley Electric Light & Power Company. The main offices 
of the former company are at Winona, West Virginia, and those of the 
latter at Beckley, West Virginia. Dr. Preston is a Democrat in politics. 
He is a member of the Christian church, and fraternally, a member of the 
York Rite Masonic fraternity, and is also a Noble of the Mystic Shrine ; 
he belongs also to the Knights of Pythias. 

Dr. Preston married, January 25, 191 1, Danna Kate, daughter of Dr. 
E. S. Rogers, now practicing at Knoxville, Tennessee. They have one 
child, Betty Arrington, born December 17. 191 1. 



The first Alderson who emigrated to America in 1718 
ALDERSON was known as the prodigal son ; his father was a Bap- 
tist minister of Yorkshire, England. His only son, 
John, became enamored with a young lady, but the match was opposed by 
the parents, and the father gave him two hundred pounds ($1000.00) to 
travel on the continent. Young John spent this without getting outside 
of England. He was induced to come to America by Mr. Curtis, who 
was just sailing there with a colony for a settlement in New Jersey. 
Young Alderson became a Baptist minister. He married a daughter of 
Mr. Curtis, and preached in Bethel church. New Jersey ; afterwards 
moved to Germantown, Pennsylvania, and in 1755 settled on Linnville 
creek, nine miles below Harrisonburg, in the valley of Virginia, and pur- 
chased a farm adjoining Mr. Linkhorn, the father or grandfather of 
Abraham Lincoln. Here he preached many years, and afterwards moved 
to Fincastle, Botetourt county, Virginia, in 1780, where he died. 

(I) Squire Joseph Alderson, the first of the line here under consider- 
ation, died in 1845. He married and among his children was Lewis A., 
of whom further. 

(II) Rev. Lewis A. Alderson, son of Squire Joseph Alderson, mar- 
ried Eliza Floyd Coleman, daughter of Captain John Coleman, of Locust 
Grove, Amherst county, Virginia, the old ancestral homestead of the 
Colemans, which has been in possession of the Coleman family over two 
hundred years. After the death of his father, in 1845, Rev. Lewis A. 
Alderson, fell heir to an extensive plantation on the north side of Green- 
brier river in Greenbrier county, Virginia, in which part the town of 




^^y&yn^CLv^ iMdv 



^i^yt-Ptr" 



WEST VIRGINIA 53 

North Alderson is now situated. Among the children of Rev. Lewis A. 
Alderson was Joseph Coleman, of whom further. 

(Ill) Major Joseph Coleman Alderson, eldest son of Rev. Lewis A. 
Alderson, was born in Amherst county, Virginia, October 29, 1839. There 
young Alderson was taught by private instructors until about seventeen 
years of age, when he entered the old Lewisburg Academy, and during 
the school years of 1859-60 and the fore part of 1861, he attended Alle- 
gheny College at Blue Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. He was in the 
graduating class on April 17, 1861, the day that Virginia passed the ordi- 
nance of secession and seceded from the Union. Mr. Alderson being ani- 
mated with the doctrine of states rights, and believing as he did in pro- 
tecting the rights of his native soil, he left school and tendered his ser- 
vices to the Confederate army, as a member of the "Greenbrier Cavalry," 
the finest body of men and horses in the commonwealth, as later stated by 
Governor Letcher, of Virginia. He was promoted from a private to sec- 
ond and then to first lieutenant of his company, and refused further pro- 
motion, preferring to stay with the young men of patriotism who had en- 
listed with him in the cause so dear to their young hearts. He took part 
in the terrible campaigns in Eastern Tennessee, in the never-to-be-for- 
gotten winter of 1863-64, under General W'illiam E. Jones, when Long- 
street had General Burnside, of the Federal forces, surrounded in Knox- 
ville. Lieutenant Alderson often had command of the five companies 
making up the Thirty-sixth Battalion of Virginia Cavalry. His com- 
mand was half-clothed and many shoeless, yet it marched or fought near- 
ly every night and nearly every day during those three months of the 
coldest weather ever known in that section of the country, when the 
temperature was frequently far below zero. Longstreet said ; "Jones' 
brigade had performed more actual service that winter than all the arm- 
ies of the Confederacy," as most of the others were in winter quarters. 

The command to which Major Alderson belonged was made the es- 
cort of honor at the burial of General "Stonewall" Jackson. At Gettys- 
burg he had the distinction of delivering the first orders, on the Confed- 
erate side, at the opening of that terrible battle, in which engagement he 
saw severe fighting. He was midst the shot and shell and bleeding sol- 
diers who fell on every side of him. In all that great war he participated 
in more than one hundred battles and skirmishes, some of which were 
desperate. In three engagements he had hand to hand sabre fights, and 
was twice wounded, at Hagerstown, Maryland, July 6, 1863, and July 12, 
1864, at a point near his birthplace, in Amherst county, Virginia, where he 
was captured by General Duffe's advance guards and later sent as a pris- 
oner of war to Camp Chase, Ohio, where he remained nine months, un- 
til exchanged. While there, six months of the time, he was placed on 
one-third rations of cornmeal and salt fish, under the rules of retaliation 
in warfare. When he was finally exchanged in February, 1865, though 
reduced in flesh to almost a skeleton, he mounted his horse, as soon as 
able to ride, and started for his old company, but when within a few 
miles of Appomattox Court House on the morning of the loth, he was 
informed of the final surrender of General Robert E. Lee. During all 
the four years' service, Major Alderson only had eight days leave-of-ab- 
sence, except when in prison and hospital. 

When the war ended he went to Atchison, Kansas, and during the 
years 1865-66-67 he had charge of the middle division of the famous 
Butterfield Overland Freight and Express Company, from Atchison to 
Denver, Colorado, up the Kaw and Smokey Hill rivers and on over the 
plains. His division extended two hundred and sixty miles, through the 
worst Indian and "Bufifalo region of the far west. The hostile Indians 
finally broke up the company which was capitalized at three million dol- 



54 WEST VIRGINIA 

lars, by murdering its employes, capturing and burning their property 
and stealing their live stock. ]\Iajor Alderson rightly believes that the 
same kind Providence that kept him from death in the many battles 
of the war between the states also kept him from being killed among 
the hostile bands of Indians on the western plains. In the autumn of 
1867 he returned to Atchison, Kansas, where his father had given him a 
farm about five miles out from that city. He planted the first grove of 
trees planted in Kansas, in 1858, while there on a visit. This land he 
tilled for two years, and it has ever since been known as "Alderson's 
Grove." In 1869 Mr. Alderson settled in West Virginia, where he em- 
barked in the general insurance business at Wheeling, in which he con- 
tinued for twenty-seven years, his agency being the leading one in the 
state. By much tact and a great amount of work, he succeeded in build- 
ing up a splendid insurance busines, having associated with him for a 
time Governor G. W. Atkinson, now of the court of claims, Washington, 
D. C. 

In 1888 !\Iajor Alderson commenced to buy coal, gas and timber 
lands in this state, along the Norfolk and Western railroad ; also in 
Boone, Raleigh and Wyoming counties. Some of these valuable lands 
he has sold long ago, while others he still possesses and they have come 
to be very valuable. In 1907 he wrote a work on the timber, gas and 
coal resources of West Virginia, which booklet had a wide circulation 
and was the means of many capitalists coming here for investments 
which have proved very profitable. He holds broad, liberal views upon 
all living questions and' is noted for his integrity, enterprise and gener- 
osity. No man in the commonwealth could possibly be more charitable to 
those in need and distress than he has been. Though he has alway been a 
popular citizen, he has never been induced to hold political public office, 
preferring rather to aid others to secure such places of honor and im- 
portance. However, he was induced to hold the position of director of 
the West A'irginia Penitentiary, under Governors Alathews and Jack- 
son, but resigned under Governor Wilson. In 1888 he was a West Vir- 
ginia commissioner at the Ohio Valley Centennial, at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
and at the celebration of the inauguration of George Washington as the 
first president, at New York City, April 17, 1889. In 1893, under Gov- 
ernor McCorkle's administration, he represented West Virginia at the 
meeting of the southern governors, in a great gathering held for the pur- 
pose of inducing desirable immigration to the southern section of the 
IJnion. In 1880 ^ilajor Alderson founded Mountain Lake Park, and in 
1894 Loch Lynn Heights — two noted summer resorts on the Baltimore & 
Ohio railroad, in ^Maryland, located in Garrett county. He was also one 
of the founders of the prosperous towns of Williamson and Bellepoint. 

He married (first) February 25, 1874, Mary, eldest daughter of Ex- 
Governor Samuel Price, of Lewisburg, West Virginia. She died at 
Mountain Lake Park, Maryland, August 15, 1895. He married (sec- 
ond) December 29. 1904, Mary Kirker, of Wellsburg, West A^irginia, 
whose father was INIajor William H. Kirker, of Confederate army, and 
whose grandfather Major John S. Calvert, was treasurer of \'irginia 
many years, and killed in 1870 by the falling of the gallery of the old 
capital building at Richmond, West Virginia. They now reside at a 
beautiful home at No. 1212 Kanawha street. Charleston. While Major 
.\lderson has never had children of his own. he has helped to care for 
and educate those of other people. 



WEST \'IRGINIA 55 

This distinctively West \'irginian family was promi- 
ALDERSOX nent in the pioneer days, and the Aldersons were 
among the first white settlers west of the Alleghenies 
George Alderson was the first pioneer Baptist minister west of those 
mountains, and organized the Missionary Baptist Church in that re- 
gion. Rev. Joseph Alderson, in 1775, cut out the first wagon road across 
the mountains, extending as far west as the Greenbrier river. Seven- 
teen years before that date, among the voters in Frederick county, Vir- 
ginia, was Rev. John Alderson. Alderson. Monroe county, West Vir- 
ginia, was named" for one of this family. In more recent times the Al- 
derson family has given men of eminence to West \'irginia and to the 
nation ; among these is John Duffy Alderson, who has been three times a 
member of the United States congress for the third district of his state. 
{ I ) Curtis Alderson, a descendant of John Alderson, mentioned in 
preceding sketch, settled on Lick creek, at the foot of Keeney's Knob, 
and built a two-story log house. The place is known to the present day 
as the Curtis Alderson place, despite changes of ownership. He had a 

large family, including: Lina ^Mims. married (first) Dunsmore, 

( second) Peters ; Asa, of whom further. 

(II) Asa, son of Curtis Alderson, died at an advanced age, about 
1882. He lived on Keeney's Knob mountain, in what is now Summers 
county. West Virginia, where he had a tract of one hundred acres of 
land. A notable Virginia law suit had to do with this land, which Cap- 
tain A. A. Miller claimed as belonging to himself. In the first contest, 
^Mderson was successful: but Miller obtained from the circuit court a 
su])ersedeas and a judgment in his favor : on appeal to the supreme court 
of appeals of A'irginia the case was finally decided, in 1859, in Alderson'.s 
favor. Mr. Alderson afterward sold this land, and removed to Green- 
brier. Child. Samson Isaac, of whom further. 

(III) Samson Isaac, son of Asa Alderson, was born in what is now 
Summers county. West \^irginia, about 1841. He is now living at As- 
bury, Greenbrier county, West Mrginia, and is a farmer. He was a vol- 
unteer in the Confederate army, in the civil war. but on account of ill 
health served only one year. He married Martha, daughter of Andrew 
Hedrick, who was born near Asbury, about 1845, died in 1909. Her 
father, a farmer, was a native of Greenbrier county. Mrginia, now Sum- 
mers countv. ^^'est \'irginia, and died in young manhood. Children of 
Samson Isaac and ^Martha ( Hedrick) Alderson : William A., deceased : 
Charles Marion, of whom further: Granville Smith, now living at Aider- 
son, owns the Alderson Academy: George, deceased: Edward M.. now- 
living at Mansfield. Ohio, a dealer in automobiles: Cora Belle, single, liv- 
ing at Asburv: Ella ;\I.. single, living at Asburv : Tennie. deceased, mar- 
ried J. D. Bias. 

(iV) Charles jXIarion, son of Samson Isaac and Martha (Hedrick) 
Alderson. was born in Greenbrier county. West A'irginia, June 18, 1867. 
He attended the local schools and afterward the Concord State Normal 
School. In 1891 he graduated from the University of Nashville, Nash- 
ville. Tennessee : this course was followed by a law course at the Uni- 
\-ersity of West X'irginia. from which he graduated in 1893. He has 
practiced law from that time at Charleston. West A'irginia. For nearly 
four years he was in the office of Joseph Chilton : he then formed the 
present law firm, which is now practicing under the name of Enslow, 
Fitzpatrick, Alderson & Baker. He is one of the owners, the only own- 
er bv the name of Alderson. of the Alderson-Stephenson building, at 
Charleston, the most modern, costly and tallest building of its character 
in the state of West A'irginia: it is fourteen stories in height. Mr. Al<ler- 
son is a stockholder and director in the HoUey & Stephenson Coal and 



56 WEST VIRGINIA 

Coke Company, the Horse Creek Neck Coal & Land Company, and 
other commercial corporations. He is a Mason, being a member of all 
bodies from the Blue Lodge to the Shrine. He is a Democrat. His 
church is the First Presbyterian. He married, at Charleston, May 20, 
1903, Mary Comstock, born at Charleston. Her father, a physician, is 
deceased; her mother, also deceased, was of the famous Ruffner family. 
Children: Mary Elizabeth, born November 2, 1904; Martha, May 20, 
1907; Charles Marion, February 13, 1909. 



The Brooks family, of which this narrative will treat, is 
BROOKS an old Connecticut family, now represented in West Vir- 
ginia by the Walter B. Brooks family, of Charleston, 
Kanawha county. Five generations in the United States are here men- 
tioned briefly. 

(I) Mr. Brooks, the English immigrant to the colonies of New Eng- 
land, whose Christian name is not now known, had a son John. 

(II) John Brooks, son of the immigrant, married a Connecticut 
young lady, who lived to the extreme old age of ninety-six years. It is 
related that she had the honor of dancing with General George Wash- 
ington, in Boston, just prior to his becoming the first president of the 
United States. She was then a young woman. John Brooks and wife, 
just mentioned, had four sons : Charles ; Chauncey, of whom further : 
Frederick, of whom further ; and Joh.n, who, after marriage, remained 
with his widowed mother on the old homestead. 

(III) Chauncey, son of John Brooks, left his native state and settled 
in Baltimore, Maryland, where he became a very wealthy man, leaving 
an estate worth six million dollars. He was the first president of the 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company, and head of four extensive whole- 
sale establishments in the city of Baltimore, where he was a noted char- 
acter. He was twice married and had a large family of children, seven 
being by his first marriage. Two of his sons served in the Confederate 
army. Charles, one of the three who emigrated, settled in New York 
City, married and had a family. 

(HI) Frederick, brother of Chauncey, and son of John Brooks, 
when a young man set out for Tennessee, for the purpose of engaging in 
business; but at Manassas Junction, Virginia, en route, he chanced to 
meet a very interesting and attractive young lady, with whom he fell in 
love, and they soon married. This changed his whole course in life. He 
settled down at that place for a time and conducted a store. His wife's 
maiden name was Frances Oden. In 1816 he went to the Kanawha Val- 
ley, Virginia, where he purchased salt property, and in 1818 settled at 
the Salt Licks, four miles east on the Kanawha river. He there engaged 
in the production of salt. A few years later he removed to the present 
site of Qiarleston, Kanawha county, this state, and purchased a block 
of log houses, on the spot now marked by the crossing of Brooks and 
Kanawha streets. In 1857 he purchased a large plantation in Kenluck}-, 
upon which he lived throughout that long protracted period of the civil 
strife. Though like the other members of the Brooks family he held 
slaves, his sympathies were with the union cause, and when victory was 
finally declared in favor of the north, he felt it no great hardship to sur- 
render the right to his human chattels : at least, he made the financial sac- 
rifice willingly. Others members of the Brooks family entered the 
Southern confederacy, and were slaveholders as long as the law of the 
land permitted it. Frederick Brooks died on his Kentucky plantation, in 
1869. aged seventv-seven vears. He was always an active man of af- 



WEST VIRGINIA 57 

fairs and an elder in the Presbyterian church, to which denomination 
most of the Brooks people belonged. In politics he was really a Whig, 
and a party worker. His wife died in Kanawha county, this state, some 
years after, aged ninety-four years. She was the daughter of James 
and Frances (Skinner) Oden, her mother being a daughter of General 
Skinner of the revolutionary war, who was such a prominent soldier. 
She reached the age of ninety-six years. Her youngest son, Major 
James Oden, was born when she was fifty-eight years of age, and was 
noted for his daring energy as displayed in the war between the states. 
Frederick Brooks and wife had seven sons and one daughter, all of 
whom reached maturity. All seven sons are now deceased, together with 
their wives. The only one remaining of the family in Charleston, West 
V'irginia, in direct line of descent, is Walter Booth Brooks. Among the 
children was William Chauncey, of whom further. 

(IV) William Chauncey, second son of Frederick and Frances 
(Oden) Brooks, was born in Loudon county, Virginia, October, 1820, 
died in Kanawha county. West \'irginia, September 30, 1881. He chose 
law for his profession and was educated at Princeton (New Jersey) Col- 
lege ; but subsequently he left the law and engaged in salt making, then 
a very proiitable industry and one he followed many years. He became 
part owner of two boats, the "Blue Wing" and the "Blue Ridge," that 
carried his salt to Louisville, Kentucky, where he did a large business 
as a commission merchant and spent his active life. Politically he was 
originally a Whig, but never cared to be called Republican or Democrat. 
He was an elder in the Presbyterian church, and frequently spoke in 
public meetings. When he died his funeral procession was made up 
largely of more than two thousand men and women in his employ at his 
extensive salt works. This is given to show the almost universal respect 
with which he was held by the people who knew him best. In Giarles- 
ton, he married Lavinia Virginia Patrick Brigham, of an old family of 
Virginia, but who originally resided in Boston, Massachusetts. She was 
born in Kanawha county, A'irginia, in 1825, died in Denver, Colorado, 
October, 1894. They were the parents of thirteen children, seven dying 
in infancy; the others were: i. \\'alter B., of whom further. 2. Alethia 
B., deceased; was the wife of Charles Small, of Denver, Colorado, and 
left two children: Lavinia and Charles. 3. Fannie, became the wife of 
B. L. James, of Denver, Colorado. 4. William, a mine owner in ^Mexico, 
where he has succeeded well in his operations; unmarried. 5. Nona, un- 
married, resides at Denver, Colorado. 6. Henry F., also in Denver, ex- 
tensively engaged in manufacturing enterprises of the city; married Lulu 
McNamara, of that city; they have no issue. William Brigham. ]\Irs. 
Brooks' father, settled in Kanawha county, engaged in the salt business 
and in it accumulated a handsome competency. 

(\') Walter B., son of William Chauncey and Lavinia V. P. (Brig- 
ham) Brooks, was born May i, 1846, in Kanawha county, Virginia. He 
was educated in a college at Louisville, Kentucky, in which city he later 
engaged in the tobacco business. After five years he engaged in the 
salt industry, and continued in it for ten years with his father, until it 
liad come to be no longer a profitable enterprise. He with other mem- 
bers of his family, still owns eight hundred and fifty acres of salt and 
coal lands adjoining Charleston. Then he again entered the tobacco 
trade at Danville, and at Greensboro, North Carolina, .-\fter seventeen 
years thus engaged, he removed to Oiarleston, West Virginia, where he 
has since resided. He is the executor for the Dr. Hale estate ; also secre- 
tary, treasurer and general manager for the Rosin Coal Land Company, 
owning eighteen hundred acres of land adjoining the city of Charleston. 



58 WEST VIRGINIA 

rulitical!}' Mr. Brooks votes an independent ticket. Both at Danville 
and in Charleston he has served as an elder in the Presbyterian church. 

He married, at Maysville, Kentucky, Mary E. Blatterman, a refined 
lady, born in that city, daughter of George W. and Eleanor (Collins) 
Blatterman. Her father was born in London, England, in 1820, died 
March 24, 1912, at the home of his daughter, in Charleston, West Vir- 
ginia. His wife lived until 1903, when she was seventy-six years of age. 
She came from Kentucky. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Brooks 
are: i. George B., born January 17, 1877: now an accountant in Charles- 
ton, West Virginia : married Mary Hasell McCoy, of Wilmington, North 
Carolina. 2. Edwaid S., August 25, 1878. died in infancy. 3. Eleanor 
Collins, February 21, 1880; unmarried. 4. William Chauncey, February 
9, 1883, died in infancy. 5. Walter Booth (2), March 26, 1884; now 
with the Cabin Creek Coal Company. 6. Goldsborough R., November 22, 
1887. died in infancy. Mrs. Brooks and her surviving children are con- 
nected w^ith the Presbyterian church at Charleston. Mr. Brooks is a 
member of the Masonic fraternity, being in the Commandery. 



The Geary family is uf Irish extraction, the first American 
GEAR'i' ancestor having come to the country in 1820. 

(I) Matthew Geary, the first American settler of the 
name, was born in county Down, Ireland, and was a weaver by trade. He 
came to America as a young man, and settled at the Salt Licks on the 
Kanawha river, A'irginia, where he engaged in the manufacture of salt, 
— a commodity, which in the days before the present extensive use of re- 
frigeration and consequent employment of fresh meat, was of the utmost 
importance. He not only made the salt, but also the barrels in which it 
was shipped. He sold his product to a man named RufFner, with whom 
he was associated for a great many years. In the long journeys through 
the wilderness in quest of staves for his barrels he met Almira Ashley, 
who, in 1825, five years after he first reached America, became his wife. 
Her father was John Ashley, who had come in 1810. when she was four 
years old, to Roane county, \^irginia, and settled in the dense wilderness 
at a place which afterwards became known as Osborne's iMills. So few 
were the inhabitants of that region at the time that he was the fourth 
settler. For nine years from the date of their marriage Matthew Geary 
and his wife lived on the Kanawha river, after which they removed to 
Osborne's Mills and there they lived the rest of their lives. 

He was one of four men appointed to divide Roane county into dis- 
tricts, and one of these divisions was named Geary district in his honor. 
He served also as a justice of the peace, acting in that capacity until the 
day of his death. He became the owner of a tract of land of over 30,000 
acres, and was greatly interested in public improvements of every kind, 
lie was in a large measure responsible for the building of the turnpike 
between Charleston and Point Pleasant. The office of justice of the 
peace, which he held for so many years, was in those days a position of 
much greater scope than later, including a wide jurisdiction that involved 
almost everything connected with preservation of law and order. A post 
of this kind with such extended powers requires a man of sound judg- 
ment and of sterling common sense, and in ^Matthew Geary they were 
found united to a remarkable rectitude. It is said that no decision of his, 
made during his whole long tenure of office, was ever reversed. Though a 
member of no church, Mr. Geary's whole conduct of life was based upon 
the golden rule, and he was once heard to say, "The golden rule is my 
religion." Those who knew him testify most unstintingly to his having 
lived up to that creed. He never shirked a duty nor ever failed to heli> 



WEST X'JRGIXIA 59 

any case of need that came under his notice. He took William Hall, af- 
terward father of Hon. Grant Hall of Kanawha county, whose parents 
died when he was eight years old, and brought him up as an own son, 
deeding him at death one hundred acres of land. This is only one of a 
number of similar acts of generosity which have been told of him by 
Hon. B. J. Taylor, who is well acquainted with the leading facts of his 
life. Another friend, Mr. John Slack, who knew him well, adds the 
following testimony to his worth : "Mr. Geary was at least fifty years 
ahead of his time, — a man of much force of character and a natural lead- 
er. He had a remarkable concentration of mind, and could make a state- 
ment or tell a good story in fewer words and more to the point than most 
men. He was not only smart but honest, and though he had no early 
education he was a wide read man." Such a man and citizen was 
this pioneer, who played a man's part in the building up and civilizing 
of the Kanawha valley. It was in no spirit of self-glorification, but 
merely conscious of the rectitude of his life, that led him to exclaim be- 
fore he passed away, "The God I served will not condemn me I" He dierl 
January 24, 1865, being nearly seventy-three years old. ;\Ir. Geary was 
a Republican in politics, and during the period of civil strife an ardent 
supporter of the union. He almost lived to see his hopes realized and 
the union restored. His wife survived him many years, dying October 
8, 1894, -aged eighty-seven years. She was of the same sturdy, heroic 
type of pioneer as her husband. It is upon the lives of such as they that 
tlie best elements of the republic have been built. She was a member of 
the ]\Iethodist church, and was a devout Christian woman, beloved and 
honored by all. 

;\Iatthew Geary and his wife were the parents of fifteen children, 
nine of whom lived to be heads of families. Of their descendants there 
are now living seven children, seventy-nine grandchildren and thirty-two 
great-grandchildren, in various states, and representing probably every 
vocation except that of the law. 

(II) William Alexander, son of Matthew and Almira (Ashley) 
Geary, was born in 1846, on his father's farm at Osborne's Mills, Big 
Sandy creek, Geary district, Roane county. West \'irginia. He has lived 
all his life in the homestead where he was born, of which he is the 
owner. He married, and has nine living children, of whom W. B. Geary 
is one of the youngest. 

(III) W. B., son of William Alexander Geary, was born September 
5. 1883, at Osborne's Mills. Roane county. West A'irginia. His early ed- 
ucation was gained in the country schools, where he gave evidence of the 
energy and self-reliance that have marked his mature life. At the age 
of sixteen, with money he had earned himself, he entered upon a course 
of study at the State Normal School in Athens, Mercer county, West 
Mrginia. Upon leaving school he obtained a position with W. L. Gwinn, 
a merchant, subsequently entering the employ of the Foster Hardware 
Company, of Huntington. West \'irginia. Latterly he became connected 
with the Charleston Hardware Company, and made himself during two 
years master of all the details of the hardware business. This position 
he resigned in order to accept the presidency of the Perfect Gas Stove 
Manufacturing Company. After two years he sold his interest in this 
firm and. after buying Jarrett & Kehoe's shoe business, opened the Dia- 
mond Shoe Store, now at 215 Capitol street, which is considered one of 
the finest retail shoe houses in the state. In February, 1909, Mr. Geary 
built and opened the Fleetwood Hotel, at 219 Capitol street, and in July, 
1910, took charge of and became sole proprietor of the Elk Hotel, at the 
Kanawha and Michigan railroad station. On October 26, 1912, with an 
associate, R. L. Walker, he opened to the public one of the finest depart- 



6o WEST VIRGINIA 

ment stores in West Virginia. This was formerly a business conducted 
by Starrett Brothers. As reorganized under the" new management, the 
store has been entirely refitted and stocked with the choicest goods that 
New York and other eastern markets can afford, and the opening, on Oc- 
tober 26, 1912, was one of the notable local events, one which will be 
long remembered. The style of the present firm is Walker, Geary & 
Company. 

Mr. Geary is also the owner of some valuable real estate in Charles- 
ton, and is interested in rich oil leases in the Blue Creek oil regions. 
These properties and various other business enterprises give ample scope 
to the energy and ability which are the keynotes to Mr. Geary's character, 
and his success in his various undertakings has given him place in the 
foremost rank of the younger business men of his city. 



The Child family which later was found in Alobile, Ala- 
CHII.D bama, came originally from New England, George Gilbert 

Child having been born at Higganum, Middlesex county, 
Connecticut. He died at the age of seventy-two in Mobile, having been 
engaged there in the cotton business throughout his life-time. 

(II) George Gilbert (2), son of George Gilbert (T) Child, was born 
in Mobile, in 1839, and is, at the age of seventy-three years (T912), liv- 
ing retired in Staunton, Virginia. He also was engaged for a number 
of years in the cotton business, and at the same time largely interested 
in banking. When the war broke out between the states, he entered the 
Confederate army, and served throughout the entire period with the 
Fifty-fifth Alabama Regiment. He married Christine, born in Mobile, 
in 1839, daughter of Cfesar De Pras, who had come from the island of 
San Domingo, in the West Indies, and had settled in Mobile. She died 
in 1907 at the age of sixty-eight. George Gilbert (2) and Christine (De 
Pras) Child were the parents of four children, all of whom are living: 
Gilbert, born in 1862, a salesman in Charleston, West Virginia ; John Ce- 
cil, of whom further ; Latham, born 1868, a merchant at Stuart's Draft, 
Virginia ; and Annie De Pras, widow of Junius R. Fishburne, who lives 
at Staunton, Virginia. 

(III) John Cecil, son of George Gilbert (2) and Christine (De Pras) 
Child, was born February 14, 1864, at Mobile, Alabama. When he was 
four years old he was brought by his parents to Staunton, Virginia, and 
here he passed his boyhood, and gained his elementary education in the 
schools of the town. He then went to Lexington, \'irginia, and entered 
the engineering school of \^^ashington and Lee University, receiving h'n 
degree in 1887. His first work when he left college and entered upon 
the active practice of engineering was with the Baltimore and Ohio rail- 
road, and the Central Georgia railroad. A year later he came to Elmo, 
West Virginia, July 4, 1888, and took up the work of a mining engineer. 
Fle remained there for a year, and then went to Thurmond, Fayette 
county. West Virginia, remaining there also for one year. He then 
formed a connection with the Otto Marmet Coal & Mining Company of 
Putnam county. West Virginia, an association which lasted eleven years. 
In 1906 he came to Charleston, and establishing himself there has since 
built up an important and extensive engineering business. Mr. Child is 
a member of the Masonic order and is affiliated with the Presbyterian 
church. 

He married, June 25, 1895, at Paterson, New Jersey, ^Madeline Ward, 
born in Lancashire. England. Her parents were Charles and Jane (Nor- 
bury) Ward, who had come from England and settled in New Jersey. 
Mr. Ward was a silk weaver. Mr. ami Mrs. Child have two sons: John 




£?,:x:^^^i/i^-^€^^^^2i:;^??2'-__ 



WEST VIRGINIA 6i 

Ward, born August 8, 1896, at Raymond City, West Virginia, and now 
attending the Cliarleston High School; George Gilbert, Jr., born Novem- 
ber 17, 1898, also in a public school in Charleston. 



Shannon Butt, the first member of tliis family of whom we 
BUTTS have any definite information, emigrated from England and 
settled in Botetourt county, Virginia. He later removed to 
Alonroe county, where he died aged fifty-two years. He spelled his 
name "Butt," and his brother was the father of Major Archibald Butt, 
military aide to President Taft, who perished in the disaster to the "Ti- 
tanic" in the spring of 1912. He married a Miss Reece. Among his 
children was A. Henry, referred to below. 

(II) Dr. A. Henry Butts, son of Shannan and (Reece) Butt, was 

born in Newel! county, Virginia, about 1834, died there February 7, 
1906, aged seventy-two years. He was a physician and served as a 
surgeon in the Confederate army throughout the civil war. After the 
close of hostilities he returned to his home and remained in active prac- 
tice of his profession until his death. He married Mattie, born in Pales- 
tine, Greenbrier county. West Virginia, about 1844, now living in Charles- 
ton, West Virginia, daughter of Charles Hines. Children : Hettie, mar- 
ried B. F. Kebler, M. D., now living in Dayton, Virginia ; Charles S., a 
physician, now living in Newport News, Virginia ; J. Fleetwood, a sur- 
geon dentist, now living in Charleston, West Virginia ; Frank R., re- 
ferred to below ; Mary, married W. W. McDonough, a surgeon dentist, 
now living in Oklahoma. 

(HI) Dr. Frank R. Butts, son of Dr. A. Henry and ?\Iattie (Hines) 
Butts, was born in Greenville, West Virginia, July 9, 1873. He received 
his early education in the public schools and in the Shenandoah Institute 
at Shenandoah, Virginia. He then removed to Kansas City, Missouri, 
and entered the drug business, in which he remained for eight years, 
when he took up the study of dentistry at the University of Maryland in 
Baltimore, Maryland, from which he graduated in 1902. He then settled 
in Charleston, West Virginia, where he is now living and actively prac- 
ticing his profession. He is independent in his political views, voting for 
principal irrespective of party. He is a Presbyterian in religion, and is 
a member of the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. He married, in 
Bushville, Maryland, September 10, 1902, Edna, born in Carter, Ohio, 
daughter of J. E. and Anna Oglesby. Her parents are still living in Car- 
negie, Pennsylvania. 



John Leicester Sehon, first member of this family about 
SEHON whom we have definite information, was born in Hardy 
county, Virginia. Afterward having removed to Clarks- 
burg, he was there clerk of the court. He married Fanny Waggener, 
of Berkeley county, Virginia. Child: John Leicester (2), of whom fur- 
ther. 

(II) John Leicester (2), son of John Leicester (i) and Fanny 
(Waggener) Sehon, was born at Clarksburg. He was a farmer. He 
married, in 1823, Agnes, daughter of Colonel Andrew and Margaret 
Lynn (Stuart) Lewis, who was born in Mason county, Virginia, in 1805 
(see Lewis IV). Children: Fanny; Margaret Lynn, married Valentine 
Horton ; Andrew Lewis ; John Leicester ; Sarah Elizabeth ; Stuart ; Co- 
lumbus, born May 3. 1841, married Agnes Lewis; Edmund, of whom 
further ; Agnes. j>^ 

(III) Edmund, son of John Leicester (2) and Agnes (Lewis) Sehon, 



b2 WEST VIRGINIA 

was born in Mason county, A'irginia, September 14, 1843. His education 
was received at West Chester and Chester, Pennsylvania, he attending 
tlie Pennsylvania academy. Being admitted to the bar he practiced law 
for ten years, in Greenbrier and Mercer counties, West Virginia, from 
1866 to 1870, after that year in Mason county, West Virginia. But in 
1892 he removed to Huntington, West Virginia, and organized the whole- 
sale grocery business of Sehon, Stevenson and Company, which has since 
that time been his principal business. While still living in Mason county, 
Mr. Sehon had been secretary of the Kanawha Lumber and Furniture 
Company. He has always been a Democrat. From 1868 to 1870 he was 
prosecuting attorney for Greenbrier and Mercer counties. In 1872 he 
was appointed director of tlie penitentiary, and served four years : he 
held the same position also from 1880 to 1884. In 1875 he was elected to 
the state legislature. He and his family are members of the Episcopal 
church. 

He married, in Greenbrier county, June 30, 1870, Elizabeth Jane, 
daughter of William Robertson and Lucy Ann Margaret (Bradford) 
Stuart, who was born in Greenbrier county, February 20, 1845. Her 
father was a Greenbrier county farmer. Children : Lucy, born Septem- 
ber 2, 1874, married John M. McCoach ; John Leicester. September 23, 
1876, married Lillian (jragard ; Bessie, February 4, 1879, married Mor- 
gan Nelson Cecil. 

(The Lewis Line. ) 

Besides the name Lewis, there are similar French and German names, 
Louis and Ludwig respectively, the former of which has often been 
changed into Lewis by Frenchmen settling in England. It is possible 
that all the Lewises were originally French, the name being equivalent to 
Louis ; it is stated that the name Louis is found in France centuries be- 
fore Lewis in England. Nevertheless, there is said to be a Welsh name 
Llew, meaning light, found among the Britons who fought the Romans 
before the coming of our Lord. The names Louis and Lewis are really 
much too common to allow of probable proof of unity of origin. The 
name Lewis is borne by many large families in England and Wales, and 
it is asserted that this name was as common, by comparison, in Wales, 
for several centuries before the discovery of America, as Smith is in 
the United States to-day. A large number of families of this name have 
emigrated from Great Britain to all parts of the United States, and their 
descendants are numerous. There is, however, some reason to believe 
that two of the Virginia Lewis immigrants were closely related, and that 
the present ancestor was of the same Welsh family stock as they. While 
there are some traditional errors, some confusions, some uncertainties, 
about the Virginia Lewises, — as the story that they are descended from 
three brothers, sons of a French Huguenot refugee who settled in Eng- 
land and was made a field marshal in the English army, an earl and a 
baron, but who, in fact, died without issue, — the genealogy of this family 
is happily much better preserved and much clearer than that of all but a 
very few southern families. While it is not certainly known that the 
present family is connected by origin with any of the other Virginian 
families of the same name, the members of these families have always 
claimed relationship, and marriages between the posterity of this immi- 
grant and the posterities of others named Lewis have been so frequent 
that the families are now largely merged. 

(I) Andrew Lewis, the first member of this family about whom we 
have certain information, lived in Ireland. He married Mary Calhoun 
(or Calahan). Cliildren : At least two sons, including John, of whom 
further. 



WEST VIRGIXIA 63 

(II) John, son of Andrew and Mary (Calhoun) Lewis, the immi- 
grant, was born in Donegal county, Ireland, in 1678, died near Staunton, 
Augusta county, Virginia, February i, 1762. In Ireland he was a pros- 
perous and respected esquire, holding a freehold lease for three lives of 
a valuable farm, and having tenants under him. In self-defense he killed 
his landlord. On account of the difit'erence of station and of influence, it 
was judged prudent that he should flee the country, although he is said 
to have sent a statement of the affair to the authorities. He fled in dis- 
guise, and took a ship for Oporto. Portugal, where his wife's brother 
was a merchant. He arrived at Oporto in 1729, and remained there only 
a short time, a few years at most. His first American settlement was in 
Pennsylvania, whence, in 1732, he came into the unbroken wilderness of 
Augusta county, then embracing the greater part of northwestern Vir- 
ginia. Of this whole region, "Irish John" Lewis, as he was called, was 
strictly the pioneer. His coming was probably to escape detection and 
arrest, on account of his trouble in Ireland ; later, however, it is stated, a 
pardon was given him in Great Britain, and the King granted him a large 
portion of western Virginia. John Lewis came into this beautiful, but 
then wild, region as a member of the party of Joist Hite, which was 
formed to settle on the forty thousand acres granted, two years before, to 
the Van Meters, by warrant from the governor of Virginia. As the first 
white settler of the later Augusta county, though the region was then 
part of Orange county, he seems to have been the leader, and practically 
the law-giver, of the community which soon grew up about him. He 
seems to have been a man of culture and literary taste, and it is evident 
that this early forest community had much of this character. He was a 
man of courage, industry, wisdom and excellent morals. His wisdom 
was sufficient not to try to do everything by himself, but select suitable 
helpers. He had evidently not been impoverished by his flight from Ire- 
land ; on the contrary, he was a man of wealth and given to hospitality. A 
token of his foresight and energy is shown by his urging and obtaining, 
at that very early day, the widening and improvement of the road to 
Goochland. "Meeting-houses" were early established. John Lewis' 
first settlement was made a mile east of the present site of Staunton, and 
he called the place "Eellefonte," a name which shows both his scholarship 
and his appreciation of scenic beauty. He built a stone dwelling, which 
formed one side of Fort Lewis. By 1738 there were clearly a number 
of inhabitants west of the mountains. In 1745 the new county of Au- 
gusta was formed, and Mr. Lewis was one of the first magistrates and at 
the head of the court. He was also the founder of the town of Staunton, 
at the time of the organization of Augusta county. He married Mar- 
garet Lynn, said to have been daughter of a Scotch laird, born July 3, 
1693, died near Staunton, in 1773. Children, all except the last born in 
Ireland: i. Samuel, born in 1716, died unmarried. 2. Thomas, of whom 
further. 3. Andrew, born in June, 1720, died in 1781 ; married, in 1749, 
Elizabeth Givens ; was the commanding officer at the battle of Point 
Pleasant, and served as brigadier-general in the early part of the revolu- 
tion : many members of the continental congress, including lohn .\dams, 
had favored his selection as commander-in-chief of the revolutionary 
forces, and Washington held him in high estimation for his abilities and 
merits. 4. William, born November 17. 1724, died in November, 1811; 
married, April 8. 1734. Anne Montgomery. 3. Margaret, born in 1726, 
died unmarried. 6. Anne, born in 1728, died unmarried. 7. Charles, of 
whom further. 

CIII) Thomas, son of John and Margaret (Lynn) Lewis, was born 
in Ireland, April 27, 1718. Being short-sighted he was less prominent in 
Indian warfare than the other brothers. He was colonial surveyor of 



64 WEST VIRGINIA 

Augusta county; a member of the house of burgesses; a member of the 
\'irginia convention of 1776; and, in 1777, one of the commissioners of 
the confederation, to treat with the Indian tribes who had been defeated 
at Point Pleasant. He was a man of much learning and ability, and his 
library was one of the largest and best in the colony. He married, Janu- 
ary 26, 1749, Jane, daughter of William Strother, of Stafford county, 
Virginia. Children: i. John, born November i, 1749, died unmarried. 

2. Margaret Anne, born July 5, 1751 ; married (first) McClanahan, 

(.second) William Bowyer. 3. Agatha, of whom further. 4. Jane, born 
August 8, 1755, died in 1790; married Thomas Hughes. 5. Andrew, born 
October 16, 1757, died unmarried, in 1810. 6. Thomas, born January 
26, 17O0, died in 1847; unmarried. 7. Mary, born August 5, 1762, died 
in 1829 ; married John McElhany. 8. Elizabeth, born January 24, 1765 ; 
married, in 1783, Thomas Meriwether Gilmer. 9. Anne, born October 

8, 1767; married (first) Doutiiat, (second) French. 10. 

Frances, born May 17, 1769, died in 1845; married Layton Yancey. 11. 

Charles, born November 8, 1772, died in 1832; married Yancey. 12. 

Sophia, born October 18, 1775 ; married John Carthrae. 13. William 
Benjamin, born August 8, 1778, died in 1842; married M. Hite. 

(Ill) Colonel Charles Lewis, son of John and Margaret (Lynn) 
Lewis, was born in Virginia, in what was afterward .\ugusta county, 
March i. 1736, died October 10, 1774. 

In the colonial army he was a favorite officer, and one of the most 
skillful in border warfare. Once he was captured by the In- 
dians, and escaped by outrunning them. The battle of Point 
Pleasant, in which he met his death, was one of the greatest of 
frontier battles, remarkable in the personnel of each side, and in its is- 
sues. The penumbra of the revolution was over the country, and Eng- 
lish agents were, at least so it is supposed, already dealing with the In- 
dians, to secure their support in the coming troubles for the crown and 
against the colonists. A defeat at Point Pleasant would have gravely 
weakened the strength of the colonists ; hence this battle has been re- 
garded as the first struggle of the revolution, and as surpassing in real 
significance any of the revolutionary contests except Sarotoga and York- 
town. The Indians, who threatened the settlers beyond the mountains, 
were the very flower of their race. No fair man can read today without 
shame and indignation of the actions of many of the early white settlers, 
whether in Virginia or New York, who even long after the revolution 
surpassed in treachery and cruelty the worst of which the red men were 
accused. The principal Indian leader in the battle of Point Pleasant 
stands out in history as honorable for military ability, humanity and 
character ; and a few years after the battle, when he was disposed to 
accept the inevitable and to be a faithful friend of the whites, he was 
foully murdered. This was Chief Cornstalk, and other Indian leaders 
of distinction were associated with him. Perhaps no other battle between 
white men and Indians has been so stubbornly fought, nor on so nearly 
equal terms. Colonel Charles Lewis with three hundred men formed 
the right line of the colonial army, and met the Indians at sunrise ; his 
brother. General Andrew Lewis, was leader of the whole colonial army. 
Colonel Charles Lewis sustained the first attack and was mortally 
wounded in the first fire ; he died soon after being carried to the rear. 
The battle lasted nearly all day ; it was terminated by an attack on the 
Indians from the rear. Chief Cornstalk, who had opposed the war, 
shortly afterward on behalf of the Indians arranged terms of peace, the 
other chiefs, who had formerly overruled his judgment, seeing the hope- 
lessness of further fighting. It is notable that this great battle was 
fought on lands which Brigadier-General Lewis had patented two years 



WEST MRGIXIA 65 

before, and which had been surveyed for him by George Washington. 
(Colonel Charles Lewis and others who died in the battle were buried on 
the point between the Ohio and Kanawha rivers. The remains of Colo- 
nel Lewis have, however, been removed. Lewis county, now in West 
\irginia, is named for him. Colonel Charles Lewis married Sarah Mur- 
ray, of Bath county, \'irginia, born August i, 1743, half-sister of Colo- 
nel ("ameron, of the same county. Children: I. Elizabeth, born, October 
17, 1762, died unmarried. 2. Margaret, born March 29, 1765; married 
■ Pryor. ,t,. John, born November .4, 1766, died in 1843: married Ra- 
chel Miller. 4. Alary, born November 10, 1768. died unmarried. 5. 
Thomas, born February 25, 1771, died unmarried. 6. Andrew, of wJKim 
further. 7. Charles, born Septemlx-r 11, 1774, died in 1803; married, in 
1798, Jane Dickinson. 

(IV) Agatha, daughter of Thomas and Jane (Strother) Lewis, was 
born May 18, 1753, died in 1836, She married (first) Captain John 
Frogg, who died in the battle of Point Pleasant, October 10, 1774; (sec- 
ond) Colonel John Stuart, of Greenbrier county, Virginia, who had 
fought in the same battle. Children, all except the oldest by second hus- 
band : I. Elizabeth, born in 1773: married Isaac Estill. 2. Charles, born 
in 1775; married Robertson. 3. Lewis, born in 1777; married Sar- 
ah Lewis. 4. Margaret Lynn, born in 1779, died about 1863; married 
Andrew Lewis, of whom further. 5. Jane, married Robert Crockett. 

( IV) Colonel .\ndrevv Lewis, son of Colonel Charles and Sarah 
(Alurray) Lewis, was born September 27, 1772, died in 1833. In 1801 
he removed to Mason county, Virginia ; his home in that county he 
named "X'iolet Lawn." He married Alargaret Lynn, daughter of Colo- 
nel John and Agatha (Lewis) Stuart, born in 1779, of whom above. 
Children: i. Charles Cameron, died in 1836, unmarried. 2. Agnes, born 
in 1805; married, in 1823, John Leicester Sehon (see Sehon II). 3. 
John, born in 1807, died in 181 1, 4. Elizabeth, died in 1812. 5. Mary J.. 
"born in 181 1, died in 1835: married, in 1833, Charles R. Baldwin. 6. 
Jijhn Stuart, died April 13, 1902: married, in 1837, Mary F. Stribling. 
7. Margaret, died in 1819. 8. Sarah Frances, born in 1817; married Dr, 
Thomas Creigh. g. Elizabeth, born in 1819: married, in 1841, B. S. 
Thompson. 10. Andrew, died young. 



The Shawkey family is of German origin, the grand- 
SHAWKEY parents of the Hon. Morris P. Shawkey having come 
from Bremen, Germany, in 1839. 

(II) George Shawkey, son of the immigrant, was born in Bremen, 
Germany, in 1834, and when five years old was brought to this country. 
Flis parents located at Sigel, in Western Pennsylvania, where the father 
went into the lumbering business on a small scale and farming. George 
Shawkey spent his life in this place, acquiring a competence. By hard 
work and economy he was able to give to his children the best educational 
advantages. He was exempted from military duty in the civil war by an 
injury. He married Annie Elizabeth Witherspoon, born in 1840, in Ve- 
nango county, Pennsylvania, and they are both still living (1912). Mrs. 
Shawkey, on her mother's side comes from the old Siverly family of 
Philadelphia, while on her father's side she is the great-granddaughter of 
John Witherspoon, who was president of Princeton College, to whose 
memory a statue was unveiled in Washington, D. C, in 191 1. xA.s a rep- 
resentative from New Jersey, a leading statesman of the revolutionarv 
period, and as a Signer of the Declaration of Independence, his portrait 
hangs in Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Three brothers of Mrs. 
Shawkey served in the Union army, one of these with the rank of cap- 

5 



66 WEST \-IRGIXIA 

tain. (Jeorge and Annie Elizaljctli ( W'itherspoon ) Sliawkey had born to 
them nine children, and only one of wiioni, a boy who died in infancy, ii 
deceased. One of these. Dr. Arthur .\. Shawkey, is at present practicing 
medicine in Charleston, West \'irginia. 

(Ill) Hon. Morris Purely Shawkey, son of George and Annie Eliza- 
beth (W'itherspoon) Shawkey, was born February 17, 1868, at Sigel. 
rcnnsylvania. His early education was gained at the country schools of 
the neighborhood, he going from these to Bellevue Academy. The next 
step was Oberlin College, leaving which he matriculated at the Ohio Wes- 
tern University, and received the baccalaureate degree in 1894. In 1901;) 
he received the degree of ]\Iaster of Arts, which was conferred by the 
same institution. Upon leaving college he taught school for a time in 
Pennsylvania and Kansas, and served for a year in Reynolds, Nortli 
Dakota, as superintendent of schools, gathering in all these places a 
fund of information in educational matters and methods that later was 
to prove of great value to him. Some of this harvest of ideas he was 
able to put into practical use when he became head of the normal depart- 
ment of the Wesleyan College, at Buckhannon, West Mrginia. He came 
to Charleston in 1897, ^"^ ^°^ eight years he acted as chief clerk of the 
department of schools. A wide and critical knowledge of literature, and 
an intimate and practical acquaintance with the needs of schools have 
enabled Mr. Shawkey to do valuable work in the revision of text books. 
He early began this work, being hardly out of college when he introduced 
important alterations in the school books he used. When Rand, McNally 
& Company, map publishers and engravers, of Chicago and New York, 
issued the revised edition of their grammar school geography, Mr. Shaw- 
key was asked to write the West \'irginia supplement. In 1902 he was 
elected to the state legislature, and during his term in that body was 
chairman of the committee on education. In 1906 he was elected county 
superintendent of schools of Kanawha county. West \'irginia. Two years 
after this, in 1908, he was made state superintendent of schools, which 
responsible position he still holds (1912). 

While Mr. Shawkey's energies have been largely given to educational 
work, he has also taken part in some business enterprises of note. In 1906 
lie found the Kanawha Savings & Loan Association, and has been a di- 
rector and is still a stockholder in the same. He started in igii/. the 
IVcst J'irginia Educator, and has been the managing editor ever since. In 
his political afifiliations Mr. Shawkey is a Republican: and he is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

He married in 1902. Elizabeth L. Carver, born in 1874, near Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania, daughter of John Carver, one of the leading coal 
operators of West Virginia. Mr. Carver died in Charleston. March i, 
1912, but Mrs. Carver died when her daughter was still a very young 
child. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Shawkey have three children: ]Morris Carver, born 
March 8, 1904, John ^^'itherspoon, born December 5, 1907: Leonard .\s- 
bury, born May 7, 1909. 



Charles Cameron Lewis, the first member of this famii\' 
LEWIS of whom we have definite information, was born in Kana- 
wha Salines, (now Maiden 1 Kanawha county, West Vir- 
ginia, April 15, 1839. He received his early education under the tuition 
of George Taylor and David Lewis RuiTner, and then entered the employ 
of his grandfather. Colonel William Dickinson, as a clerk in the mer- 
cantile and salt business, remaining with him until i860, when he formed 
a partnership in the salt business with his father, John D. Lewis. In 1870 
he became cashier of the Kanawha Valley Bank in Charleston, West Vir- 



WEST VIRGINIA 67 

ginia, and was later elected its president, continuing in that position until 
i88<:), when he retired from active business. He is a Presbyterian in 
religion, and a Democrat in politics. He married, in Charleston, West 
\ irginia, October 19, 1864, Elizabeth Josephine, daughter of Nathaniel 
\ inable Wilson, of Prince Edward county, \'irginia. Children: Charles 
( aineron, referred to below; John Dickinson, now a wholesale grocer in 
N Ml- folk, Virginia; Virginia Wilson, married Charles Stanley Stacy, of 
Richmond, Virginia; Elizabeth Josephine, married Ashby Lee Biedler, 
of New York City ; Anne Dickinson, married Howard Spafford Jdhn- 
son, of Charleston, West Virginia. 

(II) Colonel Charles Cameron (2), Lewis, son of Charles Cameron 
(i) and Elizabeth Josephine (Wilson) Lewis, was born in Charleston, 
West Virginia, August 28, 1865. He received his education at the Kana- 
wha ]\Iilitary Institute, and Hampden Sidney College, Virginia, and then 
became treasurer of the Kanawha & Ohio railroad, remaining with the 
company for three years. In 1889 he entered the employ of P. H. Noyes 
& Co., wholesale grocers, as bookkeeper, the company being comprised 
of his father and P. H. Noyes, and in 1895 was admitted to a partnership 
in the firm which became Lewis. Hubbard & Company. In 1907 he be- 
came president of the company. He served the military arm of his state 
from his youth and rose to the rank of colonel. He is a Presbyterian in 
'. tligion, and a Democrat in politics. He married, in Giles county, \'irginia, 
November 6, 1889, Laura, daughter of Charles Henry Payne. Children: 
Charles Cameron (3), born August 16, 1890; Andrew Payne, July 4, 
1893; Frank Payne, June 12, 1896; Margaret Lynn, July 26. 1902; John 
Dickinson, July 3, 1905. 



Hon. Cornelius Clarkson Watts, a member of the law firm 
WATTS of Watts, Davis & Davis, of Charleston, West Virginia, and 

who was United States attorney for West Virginia during 
both of Cleveland's administrations, was born at Amherst, Virginia, April 
23, 1848, son of James D. and Lucy A. (Simms) Watts. 

Cornelius C. \\^atts attended the schools of his native county where he 
resided until 1861, w'hen he removed with his parents to Albermarle 
county. During his early boyhood he enlisted during the last year of the 
war for military service in the Confederate army and served under 
Colonel Mosby until the close of the civil war. He then completed his 
interrupted education, at the LTniversity of Virginia, studied law and was 
admitted to the bar. In 1870 he became a citizen of West Virginia and 
entered into practice in Wyoming county, and one year later was elected 
prosecuting attorney for that county, resigning in 1875, when he removed 
to Charleston, where he has since continued to reside. In 1880 he was 
elected attorney-general of West Virginia, on the Democratic ticket. In 
August, 1886, he was appointed by the late President Cleveland, United 
States attorney for the district of West A'irginia. was removed by the 
late President Harrison because of his prosecution of election fraud cases, 
but was reappointed in the second administration of President Cleveland, 
serving in this office until 1896, when he resigned in order to accept the 
nomination of the Democratic party for governor of West Virginia. 
General Watts won important cases for the state in contests with some 
of the most brilliant legal minds in the country, and the resulting legisla- 
tion has contributed largely to general prosperity. One notable case 
deserves perpetuation in these records, both on account of its far-reaching 
importance and also on account of the distinguished professional men 
against whom General ^^'"atts was opposed, and won. It was the great tax 
suit against the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad, which was appealed to the 



68 WEST \IRGIXIA 

United States supreme court, in which he was tlie special counsel for 
West \'irginia. The talent arrayed against him included such men as 
Senator Edmonds, of Vermont, William J. Robertson, of Virginia, Judge 
James H. Ferguson, and Colonel William H. Hegeman, of the highest 
legal ability. General Watts recovered not only the sum of $200,000 for 
the state and counties through which the road passed, but established the 
right to the state of West Virginia to collect forever taxes from this and 
all other roads operating and doing business in the state. After retiring 
from public life he resumed his law practice at Charleston, and since 
1905 has been the senior member of the above named firm, which main- 
tains its offices in the Citizens' National Bank Building. 

Like many southern born gentlemen, General Watts is fond of horses, 
and he takes a pardonable pride in being the owner of the trotting horse, 
General Watts (3), 2.o6.)4, a world record, establish in 1907 for three- 
year-olds. He owns and lives at Breezemont, in Charleston, a beautiful 
home which stands on an eminence that commands a magnificent view of 
the city. 

General Watts married, October i, 1871, Ella AI. Shumate, at Beck- 
ley, West Virginia. They had a number of children, those living at the 
present time (1912) being as follows: Lillian A., wife of Arnold Kiene, 
of Los Angeles, California ; Charles E., a resident of Charleston ; Flor- 
ence E., wife of Roy O. Conch, of Florida: Blackburn, married Laura 
Williamson and they reside in Charleston : Xarcissa, now attending 
college : Lulu, now attending college : Frederick Arnold, attending school 
at Lewisburg, West \'irginia. 



Hon. Julius .\. de Gruyter, who has filled two terms 
DE GRL'YTER as the mayor of Charleston, West \'irginia, was 

born January 9, 1864, in Montgomery county, Vir- 
ginia, son of 'SI. F. and Julia (Crockett) de Gruyter. 

He grew up in his native city, closely identified with all her inter- 
ests, from the time of receiving his education in the public schools. He 
showed great talent for business at an early age. and took an interest in 
the municipal government which made him popular among his fellow 
voters. Very successful in his business connections he early attracted 
attention as a capable man suitable for public office, and was nominated 
to a civic position before attaining his majority. He has since then re- 
ceived other honors, among them the election to the mayoralty, which 
he filled to the utmost satisfaction of the citizens of Charleston. Such 
prosperity attended his regime, especially among business interests, that 
his re-election was inevitable, and he was invited to remain in the office 
whose responsibilities he so thoroughly understood. He is considered 
one of West Virginia's most representative men. In the line of insur- 
ance he has become senior member of the firm of de Gruyter & Frasier, 
whose other member is R. L. Frasier. Their offices are situated at No. 
122VS Capitol street, opi^osite the L^nited States postoffice, in Charleston. 
Their business deals with all kinds of insurance, including personal acci- 
dent, health, employers' liability, fire, rents, bonds, elevator, steam boiler, 
plate glass, tornado, and bank burglary, every kind of disaster that could 
overtake either a man or his estate. The affairs of the Goshorn Hard- 
ware Company also occupy his attention, and he is secretary and treas- 
urer of the firm. Mr. de Gruyter is a member of the Edgewood County 
Club and Charleston Gun Club. 

Air. de Gruyter married, in 1889, Mary Noyes, Their home in 
Charleston is situated at No. 1398 Kanawha street. They have four 
children: Elizabeth Stuart, married C. M. McVay ; lulius A., Jr., in 



WEST VIRGINIA 69 

high school: Alary Xoyes and juHa Lewis, twins. The family belongs to 
the Presbyterian church. 



The immigrant ancestor of this branch of the Broun fam- 
l'.I\()l'X ily in America was William Broun, who. with his brother 

Robert, came over from Scotland, and settled in this coun- 
tr\- about 1740, one brother locating in Virginia, the other in South Caro- 
lina. Robert Broun, the elder brother, was a physician, born in 171 1. 
He settled on a plantation near Georgetown, South Carolina, where 
he practiced his profession. He married Elizabeth Thomas, of South 
Carolina, daughter of Edward Thomas, and granddaughter of Rev. Sam- 
uel Thomas, the first missionary sent to South Carolina under the direc- 
tion of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. 
Dr. Broun died November 25, 1757, and was buried in the graveyard of 
St. James Church, about fifteen miles from Charleston, South Carolina, 
where many other members of the family and their connections lie bur- 
ied. The children of Dr. Robert Broun and his wafe Elizabeth were as 
follows : Elizabeth, who married John Nowell ; JNIary, married Mr. 
Locock ; Margaret, married Richard Lord ; Archibald, married Mary 
Deas; Ann, married (first) Captain Cusack, (second) John Huger ; 
Jane, married Mr. Saunders : Johanna. Archibald, the only son, was a 
captain in the revolutionary war, and was wounded at the siege of Sa- 
vannah. He successful!}' performed an important mission to France to 
procure a loan, and after the termination of the war settled as a planter 
on Cooper river, dying in 1797. His widow who was pensioned, died 
at the age of ninety-five years ; and his son, Archibald, was a merchant 
in Charleston until the year 1833, when he moved with his family to 
Mobile, Alabama. Ann, the widow of Captain Cusack, became through 
her second marriage to John Huger, one of the progenitors of the numer- 
ous family by that name in South Carolina, whose immigrant ancestor 
was Daniel Huger. John, one of the four sons of this Daniel Huger 
was born June 5, 1744, died January 22, 1804. He was twice married, 
having by "his fiVst wife, Charlotte Motte, four children, and four also 
by his second wife, Ann (Broun) Cusack. By their various intermar- 
riages these descendants of Dr. Robert and Elizabeth Broun are akin 
thus to the Huger, Deas, Singleton, Lesesne, Manning, Sinkler and other 
South Carolina families, and to the Harleston family of Alabama. 

(I) William Broun, younger of the two immigrant brothers, came to 
America about 1740, and settled in Northern Neck, A'irginia, where he 
practiced his profession of law. He was the son of George and Mar- 
garet Broun, of Scotland, but the date of his birth is not given. He re- 
mained in Virginia during the entire period of the revolution, practicing 
law in Northern Neck both before and after the war. On October 20, 
1771, he married Janetta, daughter of Dr. Joseph AIcAdam, who mar- 
ried, in 1744, Sarah Ann Gaskins, widow of John Pinckard. Children 
of Dr. Joseph McAdam were: George Thomas, married Sarah Eustace 
Gaskins ; Sarah Conway, married Edwin Conway, the executor of Col- 
onel Edwin Conway, and had issue Sarah Ann, who married Colonel 
Ewell ; Elizabeth, w'ho married Lindsay Opie, and had issue Ann, Jan- 
etta, and Leroy : Janetta, married William Broun, as above. The father 
of Dr. Joseph IMc Adam w-as Joseph ]\Ic.\dam. who married Janet Muir, 
on July 30, 1712, in Lancaster county. Their children were: James, 
born April 21, 1713; John. Alarch 18, 1715; James, October 8, 1717; Jo- 
seph, May 28, 1719. became a phvsician, resided on Coan river, in North- 
umberland county. \'irginia. and married Sarah .Ann (Gaskins) Pinck- 
ard. as aforesaid: Hugh. July 3. 1720; Charles. November 8, 1722; 



70 WEST \IRG1N1A 

RoIiLTt, September hS, 1723. The old family Llible containing this rec- 
ord was printed in London in 1698, and is now in the possession of 
Thomas L. Broun. Among the members of the McAdam family may 
be mentioned John L. McAdam, the road builder and originator of the 
"macadamized roads" that have made the name famous, who was born 
in Scotland in 1756, passed his youth in the United States, and returned 
to Scotland to successfully introduce there and in England his system of 
road-making. He then introduced the system in France, and finally died 
at Moffatt, in Dumfriesshire, Scotland, in 1836. The McAdam family 
is of Scottish descent, their genealogy being given in Burke's "Peerage 
of Great Britain." On the maternal side Janetta Mc.\dam was de- 
scended as follows: (I) William Ball, born in London in 1615, died at 
Millenbeck, in Lancaster county, Virginia, in 1680; married Hannah 
Atherold. ( H ) Joseph, son of William Ball, was born May 24, 1649, 
died in Lancaster county, Mrginia, in 171 1. He married (first) Eliza- 
beth, daughter of William Romney, of London, and had children : Han- 
nah, Elizabeth, Esther, Ann, and Joseph. He married (second) Mary 

Johnson, widow of Johnson, of Lancaster county, Virginia, and 

had a daughter, Mary, who became the mother of George Washington, 
^ni) Ann Ball married Colonel Edwin Conway, whose father, Edwin Con- 
way, was the great-grandfather of President Madison, and whose grand- 
father, Edwin Conway, of county Worcester, England, came to Virginia 
in 1640. having married Marion Eltonhead in England. The English 
House of Conway sprang from Sir Edward Conway, of county War- 
wick, who became a peer of the realm, and, by marriage into the house 
of Seymour, acquired the title, arms and property of the duke of Som- 
erset. (lA') Mary Conway, daughter of Colonel Edwin and Ann (Ball) 
Conway, married Thomas Gaskins, of the fourth generation of that fam- 
ily, the name being originally spelled Gaskoyne. (V) Sarah Ann Gas- 
kins, daughter of Thomas and Mary (Conway) Gaskins. married Dr. 
Joseph McAdam, in July, 1744. (VI) Janetta IMcAdam, their daughter, 
married William Broun, as aforesaid. 

The children of William and Janetta (McAdam) Broun were: i. 
George McAdam, born January 8. 1773. 2. Ann Lee, November 8, 1775. 
3. Thomas, October 4, 1779; married, October 9. 1807, Elizabeth G., 
daughter of Charles and Sarah Lee, of Cobb's Hall, in Northumberland 
county, Mrginia, and had issue : a. William Waters, born August 27, 
1808. b. Sarah Elizabeth, September 20, 1810: married William Ed- 
wards, c. Charles Lee, March i. 1813; became a physician, d. Jane 
Ann, married Samuel .\twill. e. Edwin, September 10. 1819. f. Judith 
Lee, July 26, 1823; married Octavius Lawson. 4. Edwin Conway, of 
whom further. 

(H) Edwin Conwav. son of William and Janetta (McAdam) Broun, 
was born March 9, 1781. He married (first) ]\Iaria (Crane) Hale, 
widow of John Hale, and daughter of Colonel Crane, of Northern Neck 
Virginia. Thev had issue as follows: i. George ]\Ic.Adam, born Sep- 
tember 7, 1808' 2. James William. June 23, 1810. 3. Harriet Ann, Oc- 
tober 2, 1812: married Stephen Garland Bailey. 4. Edwin Conway, 
August 28. 1818. Edwin Conway Broun married (second) Elizabeth, 
daughter of Dr. James Channell. tradition says of Philadelphia, and 
granddaughter of William S. Pickett, of Fauquier county. \'irginia. The 
Pickett family is descended from the immigrant. George Pickett, who 
came over from France and settled in Westmoreland county, A^irginia, 
where he resided in 1680. He had a son, AVilliam Pickett, whose will 
was recorded in the clerk's office of Fauquier county, A'irginia. Novem- 
ber 24. 1766. He left five sons and two daughters, among whom were 
AMlliam. Alnrtin, and Marv Ann, who married, in 1766. Rev. William 



WEST \1RGIXIA 71 

Marshall, a Baptist preacher of Westmoreland county, \'irginia, and 
moved to Kentucky. Rev. Mr. Marshall was an uncle of Chief Justice 
Marshall. Among the descendants of William Pickett, first of the name, 
was also General George E. Pickett, one of the noted Confederate gen- 
erals of the civil war, who also distinguished himself in the war with 
Mexico. He was born in Richmond in 1825, died at Norfolk in 1875, 
and had engaged in business in Richmond after the civil war. The 
children of Edwin Conway Broun and his second wife, Elizabeth Chan- 
nell, were: i. Alaria. born October 11, 1820; married Rev. Fouchee C. 
Tebbs. 2. James Channel!, May 15, 1822. 3. Thomas Lee, of whom 
further. 4. Susan Jane, October 12, 1825; married Joseph M. Stevens. 
5. William Leroy, October i, 1827, in Loudoun county, Virginia, died 
at Auburn, Alabama, January 23, 1902. He became one of the fore- 
most educators of the south, having been president of the Alabama Poly- 
technic Instittite for over eighteen years, until his death. C'nder his 
supervision the Institute became a pioneer and a model for all southern 
technical schools, and to him chiefly is due the development of industrial 
and technical training in the south ; his work along that line having been 
the most constructive and educational since the war of secession. He 
had been graduated from the L'niversity of Virginia in 1850; taught 
in Virginia, Mississippi, and at the University of Georgia, where he was 
also president of the Agricultural and Mechanical College; was profes- 
sor of mathematics at the Vanderbilt University, and at the University 
of Texas; all before his presidency of the Alabama Polytechnic Insti- 
tute where his great work was done. During the war he rose to the 
rank of lieutenant-colonel in the ordnance department of the Confeder- 
ate army, and while there he made many interesting and valuable experi- 
ments, some of which he later described in the army service journals. 6. 
James Conway, April i, 1829. 7. Anne Eliza, November 5, 1830. 8. 
Sarah, June 7, 1832. 9. Elizabeth Ellen, April 18, 1834. 10. Joseph 
McAdam, December 23, 1835. 

(Ill) Major Thomas Lee Broun, son of Edwin Conway and Eliza- 
beth ( Channell ) Broun, was born in Loudoun county, \'irginia, on De- 
cember 26, 1823. He is a graduate of the University of Virginia, and 
m 1850 and 1851 studied law under the Hon. George W. Summers, in 
Charleston, and with Albert G. Jenkins. He was admitted to the Kana- 
wha bar in January, 1852^ practicing law there and in Boone county, and 
appearing in the state supreme court of appeals and in the United States 
court of Charleston. Forming a partnership with George S. Patton, he 
continued practice under the firm name of Broun & Patton. In 1857 he 
was appointed attorney for the Coal River Navigation Company, and 
was elected its president to succeed W. S. Rosecrans, standing among 
the foremost of West Virginia's land lawyers. He is himself a large 
owner of mining and timber lands on Coal river, in company with a 
syndicate of non-resident capitalists. Except for the time of his ser- 
vice in the civil war and four years after its close, he has been a resi- 
dent of what became West Virginia, since the year 1850. He has al- 
ways been an active Democrat. Prior to the outbreak of the civil war he 
was one of the editors of the Kanazuha Valley Star, of Charleston, a 
red hot Democratic journal. In April, 1861, he enlisted in the Confed- 
erate army as a private in the Kanawha Riflemen. Captain George S. 
Patton's Company ; and afterward became major of the Third Regiment 
of Infantry, in Wise's Legion. In 1862 he was transferred to Dublin 
Depot as quartermaster and commandant of that post. He was badly 
wounded at the battle of Cloyd ^Mountain, Pulaski county, May 9. 1864, 
but continued in service throughout the war. He has ever since kept in 
touch with his surviving comrades, having delivered an address before 



72 WEST \'lR(ilXlA 

a large concuurse of Confederate veterans, at Camp Patton's request, on 
their Memorial Day, June 6, 1888. It was to Major Broun that Gen- 
eral Lee was indebted for his famous war horse, "Traveller." This 
horse was raised by Mr. Johnson, near the Blue Sulphur Springs, in 
Greenbrier county, X'irginia, now West Virginia, and was sold to Ma- 
jor Broun. As a colt he took the first premium at the Lewisburg fair 
in 1859 and i860, under the name of "Jeflf Davis," and was four years 
old in 1 861. General Lee seeing him first in West \'irginia and then in 
South Carolina, was greatly pleased with his appearance and, though 
refusing to accept him as a gift, purchased him from Major Broun at 
a nominal price. Changing his name to "Traveller," the General rode 
him throughout the remainder of the war, and often in Lexington after- 
wards, and was followed to the grave by the faithful steed. 

In June, 1866, Major Broun married, in Richmond, Virginia, Mary 
Morris, daughter of Colonel Edmund Fontaine, the first president of the 
Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad Company (see Fontaine III). He imme- 
diately afterward removed to New York City, where he resided for 
four years practicing his profession, the test oath at the close of the 
war preventing him from doing this in his own state. After this he 
renewed his residence permanently in Charleston, devoting his atten- 
tion to land law and his own landed interests. Major Broun and his 
wife were the parents of three children: i. Louisa Fontaine, married 
Malcolm Jackson, and had two children : Thomas Broun and Anna 
Arbuthnot. 2. Edmund Fontaine, married Sue Peyton Kent, of Wythe 
county, Virginia; they have two children: Edmund Fontaine, Jr., and 
\"irginia Peyton. 3. Ann Conway, married Philip Sidney Powers, ami 
had three children : Thomas Broun, Louisa Fontaine and Ann Conway. 

( The Fontaine Line. ) 

Doubtless there is no family in \'irginia around which clusters so 
much of romance and historic interest as that of Fontaine, which sprang 
from the martyred Huguenot, Jean de la Fontaine, who was born in the 
province of Maine, France, near the borders of Normandy, in the year 
1500. Coming to \'irginia early in the eighteenth century and inter- 
marrying with such prominent families as Spotswood, Maury, \Mns- 
ton, Claiborn and others, their history is intimately woven with the ex- 
citing events of the period just previous to the revolution. The original 
name "Fountain" was evidently one of location, that is, John of the 
Fountain or Jean de la Fountain, the "de la" being a sign of nobility. 
So we find him in the king's service during the reigns of Francis L. 
Henry II. and Francis II., until Charles IX., when he resigned. The 
"de la" however, was retained until about 1633, when it was dropped by 
his grandson, James (2). under the persecution. Jean de la Fontaine 
had two sons, James ( i ) and Abraham. The eldest son, James ( i ) , 
died in 1633, leaving a son James (2), born in 1628, who also left a son 
James (3), born in 1658, and lived at Jenonville. France. This James 
(3) becaine a Protestant preacher, and being persecuted for his faith, 
escaped from France, landing in England in 7685. He married, in 1686, 
Elizabeth Boursiquot. and lived in Bridgewater, but eventually moved 
to Dublin, Ireland, where he died. He left the following children: i. 
James (4), came to Virginia in 1717. 2. Aaron, died in Ireland. 3. 
Peter, became a minister and settled in Westover parish, on the James 
river, Virginia ; was a great pacificator during the Indian troubles, and 
endeavored to keep the colony loyal to the English rule. He had seven 
children, of whom the eldest daughter married Isaac Winston, the im- 
migrant of that noted family ; descendants of the others are scattererl 
throughout the state. 4. Moses, settled in London. 5. Francis, became 



WEST MRGIXIA 73 

a minister and came to Mrginia with his wife in 1719. 6. John, came 
to Massachnsetts in 1714. but returned to England. 7. Mary Ann, mar- 
ried, in 1716, Matthew Maury, of Castle Gascony, France, and came 
to Mrginia with her husband and infant son in 1719. This son became 
the celebrated Rev. James Maury, first pastor of old Walker's Church, 
Albemarle, and the progenitor of the Maury family in America. Mat- 
thew Fontaine Maury, whose brilliant service in the Confederate navy, 
and whose "Physical Geography of the Sea" have made his name famous, 
is a lineal descendant of this old Huguenot family. 8. Elizabeth. 

The arms of the Fontaine family are: Argent, a fesse embattled be- 
tween two elephants' heads, erased, with tusks depressed in chief: in base, 
three masted ship, with sails and pennant spread. The crest is : An 
elephant's head, erased, with tusks depressed. Colonel William Fontaine 
of the revolutionary army had children: i. ^^^illiam, died unmarried. 
2. Charles, died unmarried. 3. John, died unmarried. 4. Alexander 
Rose, died unmarried. 5. Louisa, died unmarried. 6. Peter, died un- 
married. 7. James, of "Rock Castle," died 1872; married Juliet JMorris, 
of "Sylvania," and had the following children: a. William ]\Iorris. b. 
James, died young, c. Peter, married Mrs. Lydia Laidley, and had 
children: James Morris; Betsy Quarrier, died young; and Keith Niles. 
d. Nancy, died young, e. Susan Watson, married Berkeley Alinor, and 
had children : James Fontaine ; Berkeley ; and Charles Landon Carter, 
died young, f. John Dabney, died young, g. Charles, died unmarried, 
h. Maury, died unmarried, i. Joseph jMorris. j. Sally Rose. 8. Edmund 
Fontaine, of whom further. 9. Sarah Rose, died in 1863 ; married Alex- 
ander Fontaine Rose ; children : a. Edmund Fontaine, married Betty 
Maury, and had children : Alexander, John, Robert and Sarah Fon- 
taine, b. Louisa Fontaine, married John Potts, of Washington, D. C 
and had children : Rose, Douglas. Alorris Templin and Elizabeth Haw- 
ley, c. Lawrence Berrv, married Eliza Welford, and had children: 
Lawrence and Susan Welford. d. Charles Alexander, married ]\Iary 
Eliza Rutherford, and had children : Samuel Rutherford ; and Charles 
Alexander, married Logic Childs. and had children : Rutherford, Hugh, 
and Charles. 

( n) Edmund Fontaine, son of Colonel William Fontaine, died in 
1869. He was of "Beaver Dam." He married Maria Louisa Shackleford, 
and had the following children : i. Betsy Ann : married Thomas H. De- 
Witt, and had the following children : a. Louisa Fontaine, died young, b. 
Edmund Fontaine, c. Mary Brown, married William H. Adams, and had 
children: Helen, .\nthony Crece and Fontaine DeWitt. d. Nora Brax- 
ton, died young. 2. William ^Morris, died young. 3. Sarah Lousia, died 
young. 4. Jane Catherine, married Ricliard Hardway ^Meade ; had chil- 
dren : a. Edmonia Fontaine, died young, b. Lila, married Benjamin 
B. Valentine, c. Richard Hardway, married Eleanor Prior Adkins, and 
had one child, Richard Hardway. d. Louise Fontaine, married Clar- 
ence Cadot. e. Kate Fontaine, f. Marianne Skelton, 5. Mary ]\Ior- 
ris. of whom further. 6. Edmund, a Confederate soldier, killed at the 
battle of IManassas. 7. Lucy, married Chiswell Dabney. and had chil- 
dren: John Edward, Chiswell. Louisa Fontaine, Lucv, Elizabeth Towles 
and Edmund Fontaine. 8. John Boursiquot, married Elizabeth ^^'ins- 
ton Price; was a soldier in the Confederate army, and killed in battle: 
left one daughter, Ellen Stuart, who married Albert Sidnev Morton and 
had children : Stuart Fontaine, Ellen Price, D'Arcy Paul. Albert Sid- 
ney and an infant girl. 

(HI) Mary ^lorris. daughter of Edmund Fontaine, married IMajor 
Thomas L. Broun, of Charleston, \\'est \'irginia. (see Broun HI). 



74 WEST VIRGINIA 

Henry Keller, the first member of this family vi whom 
KliLLER we have any definite information, was born in Center 

connty, Pennsylvania, in 1811, died there in 1884, aged 
seventy-three years. He was a grandson of Jacob Keller, a private 
soldier in the revolutionary war, who afterwards owned a mill and plan- 
tation near Boalsbiirg, Pennsylvania. Henry Keller was a foiindryman. 
He married Margaret Schneck, born in 1813, died in 1890. Among his 
children were: Sarah J., now living at Boalsburg, Pennsylvania; So- 
phia C. married Rev. George C. Hall, of Wilmington, Delaware; Benja- 
min Franklin, of whom further. 

(II) Benjamin Franklin, son of Flenry and Margaret (Schneck) 
Keller, was born in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania, April 21, 1857. He re- 
ceived his early education in the public and high schools of his native 
town, and in the Pennsylvania State College, from which he graduated in 
1876. He then taught school in his native county for three years, at the 
end of which time he took up the study of law at Columbia University 
at Washington, D. C. graduating in 1882. He then entered the service 
of the United States government in Washington, being employed on the 
tenth United States census and in the War Department and the Depart- 
ment of Labor. In 1891 he removed to Bramwell, West \'irginia, and 
entered into the active practice of his profession, in which he continued 
for ten years, when he was appointed United States District Judge for 
the Southern District of West Mrginia, which office he still holds. He 
is a member of the Free and Accepted Masons, the Knights Templar, 
and the Mystic Shrine. He is a Republican in politics, and a member 
of the German Reformed church. 

He married, at Danville, Pennsylvania, October 2S, 1887. Mercy J. 
Baldv. No children. 



This surname is derived fnim I'.laauw, the Dutch word for 
BLUE "blue," which in both the full form and often in shortened 
forms of spelling, is found in the early Dutch church rec- 
ords. In 1698 for New York City the name is given as "Blau," with 
a number of later entries. The name Blue has certainly been in New 
Jersey since early in the eighteenth century, and judging by the names 
of those with whom members of this family married, they were of 
Dutch extraction. A similar name is found in the Dutch church records of 
the region about New Brunswick, New Jersey. Isaac Blue, of the New 
Tersey family, is found several times recorded on the rolls of revolutionary 
companies. Two other forms of the name are found in this state, in the 
Blew family, of Bridgeton, which is of more recent and German origin ; 
while the name Bleu seems to come from France. 

Spreading from the place of early emigration into neighboring states, 
the Pennsylvania archives from 1768 give both Blue and Blew. One 
very early reference is found in \'irginia, the name of one Edward Blew, 
who came there in 1642. Part of the Dutch stock which had settled in 
-Vew Jersey, thus one branch spread into Virginia, and a later branch 
mto Pennsylvania. Three brothers came from New Jersey into Vir- 
ginia, — John, LTriah and Michael Blue. The two latter settled near Shep- 
herdstown, JefTerson county, and Blue's Gap. in the Shenandoah river 
region, was perhaps named for some member of that branch of the fam- 
ily. John Ijlue settled about five miles north of Romney, and was 
the founder of the Blue family in Hampshire county. As he may have 
come as earlv as 1725. he must have been among the first settlers in that 
region, this being earlier than the usually accepted date of settlement. 

Another Tohn Blue, lielonging to the Blue family of North ami Smitli 



WEST VIRGINIA 75 

Carolina, served in the revolution. This line was of Scotch-Irish origin, 
and Lower, the authority on British surnames, gives Blue as a name 
found in Scotland, but never met with, so far as he knows, in England. 
This Carolinian John Blue is the great-grandfather of two distinguished 
men of the present day : One, \'ictor Blue, was a naval officer during 
the Spanish-American war, and won honors in scouting about Santiago 
de Cuba ; while his brother, Dr. Rupert Blue, has accomplished valuable 
work in connection with the United States Marine Hospital Service. 

The family herein discussed are probably descended from John Blue, 
who settled at Romney, about 1725, and from whom, as above stated, the 
Blues of Hampshire county, West Virginia, are the descendants. 

( I ) Stephen Blue, born in Hampshire county, and died at Prunty- 
town, Taylor county, West Virginia, in 1850, is the first of this particu- 
lar branch of the family. He was a school teacher and contractor. He 
married Ann Burdette. Among his children was George Frederick, of 
whom further. 

(II) George Frederick, sen of Stephen and Ann (Burdette) Blue, 
was born in Pruntytown, West Virginia. He is still living in Kansas 
City, Missouri. At the outbreak of the civil war he enlisted at Webster, 
West \''irginia, in the federal army as a member of the Fourth \'irginia 
Cavalry. He was captured at Snowy Creek, and confined in Libby 
prison. After exchange of prisoners he re-entered the service, and served 
until the close of hostilities. He was in the later campaigns in West 
A'irginia, and served under General Sheridan at the battle of Winches- 
ter, and under General Grant at Appomattox. After the resumption of 
peaceful occupations, and the mustering out of the army, he was em- 
ployed in railroad work and has now retired from active business. 

He married Mary Martha, daughter of Charles Cameron and Har- 
riet (Bosworth) See, born near Huttonsville, Randolph county. West 
Virginia, died in 1880. Her father, Charles Cameron See, was the son 
of Adam See, a lawyer of the county of Randolph, and a member of the 
old Virginia assembly, who married Margaret Warwick. Harriet Bos- 
worth was a daughter of Squire Bosworth. Children of George F. and 
Mary 'SI. (See) Blue: Frederick Omar, of whom further; Grace, mar- 
ried Louis Brydon, now living in Grafton, Taylor county. West \'irginia : 
and three other children, now deceased. 

(III) Frederick Omar, son of George Frederick and Mary Martha 
(See) Blue, was born in Grafton, Taylor county, \\'est \'irginia, No- 
vember 25, 1872. He received his early education in the graded and 
high schools of his native town, and in 1891 began the study of law in 
the offices of Dayton & Dayton, in Philippi, West Virginia. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in December, 1893. He then formed an association 
with Alston G. Dayton, and entered upon the active practice of his pro- 
fession, in which he still continues. On March i. 191 1, he was ap- 
pointed state tax commissioner of West Virginia, and is now living in 
Charleston, West Virginia. He is a stockholder in and one of the direc- 
tors of the First National Bank in Philippi. He is a member of the Free 
and Accepted Masons, and is also a member of the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. He is a Republican in politics, and a Baptist in 
religion. 

He married, in Philippi, ^^'est A^irginia, November 26, 1895, Mar- 
garet J., daughter of Judge William T. and Columbia (Jarvis) Ice. born 
in Philippi. Children: Frederick AA'illiam, born June 29. 1897: Thomas 
.Arthur. June 22. 1909. 



-6 WEST MRGINIA 

George W. McClintic, a member of the legal firm of 
McCLINTIC Mollohan, McClintic & Mathews, son of William H. 
and Mary (Mathews) McClintic, was born January 
14, 1866, in Pocahontas county, West Virginia, a descendant of an old 
Scotch family that came to America in colonial times. The emigrant 
first settled in Pennsylvania, but later members of the family moved to 
\'irginia. One member, Robert McClintic, who was a revolutionary sol- 
dier, died from the result of a wound received at the battle of Guilford 
Court House. 

(II) William H. McClintic was a native \"irginian, son of ?^Ioses 
and Mary ( Daggs ) McClintic, who were also natives of Virginia, re- 
sided and died in the same familiar neighborhood, and were sturdy sup- 
porters of the Presbvterian faith. They had five sons and three daugh- 
ters. 

William H. McClintic, who was born in Bath county, Virginia, in 1825, 
died January 20, i8y2, in West \'irginia, was a farmer. He enlisted in 
defense of the soutliern confederacy in the civil war, in the Nineteenth 
\'irginia \'olunteers. Confederate army, under Colonel W. L. Jackson, 
and later under Colonel William P. Thompson, of Wheeling, West \'ir- 
ginia. His regiment sufifered much in the rigors of the campaign, but 
Air. McClintic never received a wound or was captured. He married, in 
Pocahontas county, Mary, daughter of Sampson (3) Mathews. The 
]\Iathews family is one of the oldest in the Virginia valley, and the im- 
migrant, John Alathews, came over in 1737. His son, Sampson Mathews, 
also had a son Sampson, whose son Sampson was Mrs. McClintic's 
father. Intermarriages in this family also give her son descent from 
Jacob Warwick and Thomas Edgar, noted men of that early day, who 
also earned celebrity on the battle field. William H. McClintic had sev- 
eral children: i. Lockhart Mathews, graduated from the University 
of Virginia, now a lawyer practicing at Marlinton. 2. Edgar D., for a 
time attending one of the \'irginia colleges, now a government employee 
in the assay office at Seattle, Washington. 3. Hunter H., died when a 
young man. 4. Withrow, a farmer of Pocahontas county. 5. ( ieorge 
W., of whom further. 

nil) George W., son of W^illiam H. McClintic, received his degree 
of Bachelor of Arts from the Roanoke College at the age of seventeen, 
graduating with the class of 1883. His degree of Bachelor of Laws was 
bestowed upon him in 1886 when he was graduated with the class of that 
year from the University of Virginia's department of law. The law 
prevented his being admitted to the bar for another year, as he was still 
under age, but in 1887 he received his recognition as a lawyer at the bar 
of West Virginia. Moving temporarily to Colorado during the year 
1887, he practiced law in Pueblo, but soon returned to Charleston. Here 
he formed a partnership with Mr. Wesley Mollnhan under the firm 
name of Mollohan & McClintic. Later Mr. William Gordon ]\Iathews 
became a member of the firm of Mollohan, McClintic & Mathews. Mr. 
I\Iollohan died September 25, 1911, Init the junior members continued to 
jjractice under the same firm name. Air. AlcClintic has achieved higli 
place in the ranks of Masonry. He is a member of Ancient Free and 
.Accepted Masons, Kanawha Lodge, Xo. 20: and past high priest of 
Chapter No. 13, Royal Arch Masons; past grand master of the Grand 
Lodge of West Mrginia : past commander of Kanawha Commandery. 
No. 4, Knights Templar : and oast potentate of Beni Kedem Temple, 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He and his wife attend the Presbyterian 
church. Mr. ATcClintic married, in 1907, at Charleston, Ethel, daughter 
of Edward Boardman Knight, of Charleston. 



WEST \IRG1N1A 77 

The Williams family is of Welsh urigm and immi- 
WTLLIAMS grated to America in the early part of the eighteenth 
century. Thomas was among the first settlers of \'ir- 
gmia west of the AUeghanies, and for him the present town of Williams- 
burg, Greenbrier county, \Vest \'irginia. is named. He settled at that 
place about the middle of the eighteenth century, and was killed by the 
Indians near the time of Braddock's campaign against Fort Duquesne. 
His widow, Nancy, and two infant children, David and Nancy, were 
carried into captivity by the Indians, but were surrendered at the jjeace 
treaty made with the Indians by Colonel Bouquet in the year 1764. He 
left five children : John, familiarly known as "Captain Jack," a great 
Indian fighter; Thomas, who was killed in the Battle of Point Pleasant; 
Richard; David, of whom further; and Nancy. The mother and infant, 
daughter were separated while with the Indians, for about nine years; 
and it a familiar family tradition that, when the white prisoners were 
surrendered, the mother had great difficulty in identifying her daughter, 
and was enabled to do so only by singing to her a familiar lullaby, this 
awakened the child's recollections of its mother. Nancy, the child, mar- 
ried a man by the name of Jones and bore children. Nancy, the widow, 
married a Air. Cavendish and had children by him. "Captain Jack," 
Thomas, and Richard fought in the Battle of Point Pleasant under Cap- 
tain Robert McClenachan. Richard and "Captain Jack" married and 
settled in Greenbrier county, and they both left a number of children. 

( II ) David, son of Thomas Williams, was married three times. By 

his first wife, AlcCoy, he had a daughter. Sarah, who married a 

-McCoy; by his second wife, McMillion, he had six children: Nancy, 

who married a McPherson ; Elizabeth, who married a Hughart ; Pollie, 
who married a Jefifries ; Elijah; John, of whom further; and David. 
By his last wife, Rebecca Knight, he had seven children: Sibbia, Mar- 
garet, Martha, Malinda, Rebecca ; and two sons, Charles and James, He 
died in 1836, at the age of about eighty years. 

( III ) John, son of David Williams, was born in Greenbrier county, 
\\'est Mrginia, about 1790. He served in the war of 1812, and died in 
Greenbrier county in 1862. or 1863. He was married three times. By 

his first wife. Maze, he left no children; by his second wife. \'ir- 

ginia Knight, he left eight sons: Simon Bolivar. Albert Gallatin, of 
whom further ; George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, William Ken- 
ney, Thomas Marion, John David, and James Harvey; by his third wife. 
Martha Allen, he left one son. Allen. 

(I\') Albert Gallatin, son of John Williams, was born in Green- 
brier county, now West Mrginia. in 183 1. and died in that county in 
1904. He was a farmer and cattle raiser, and was twice married. His 
firsi wife was Nancy Donnally, a descendant of "Captain Jack" Wil- 
liams; by her he had' three children: James Brysnn, who died in 1885, 
Luther Judson, of whom further, and John B<ili\ar. After the death 
of his first wife, in 1862, he married Elizabeth Ddnnally, widow of John 
Donnally ; she was the mother of two children by her first marriage : 
James Allen who died in 1888, and Mary Martha "who married Rev. D. 
C. Hedrick. By the second marriage there were four children : Dora 
B.. who married R. E. Thrasher; Elizabeth Jane (Jennie") ; Thomas M., 
a physician and surgeon, now living in Palo Alto. California; and How- 
ard E., who was nominated in 1912 by the Republican party as a candi- 
date for commissioner of agriculture of West \'irginia. 

CV) Hon. Luther Judson Williams, son of Albert Gallatin and Nanc\- 
(Donnally) W^illiams. was born in ^^'illiamsburg. Greenbrier conntv. 
West Mrginia. October 18. 1836. He received his earh- education in 
the public schools of his native county and at the Universitv of \\'est 



78 WI'Sl NIRGIXIA 

X'irginia; taught schoul in (jrtenbricr C(.)unty fur twelve year<, and dur- 
ing the summer vacations worked on his father's farm. After he was 
married he studied law at the University of Virginia, in 1887-1888; he 
then obtained license to practice law in Virginia, and was shortly after- 
ward admitted to practice in West \'irginia. He located in Lewisburg in 
1888, and has since been practicing his profession. From 1900 to 1902 
he served on the "West Virginia Tax Commission ;" was a member of 
the board of regents of the West Virginia University from 1903 to 
1908, and resigned that office upon his election, in 1908, as a judge of 
the supreme court of appeals of West Virginia, for a term of twelve years, 
which office he now holds. He is a member of Greenbrier Lodge, No. 
42, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons ; a Republican in politics and a 
Methodist in religion. He married three times: (first) in 1883. Minnie 
J. Patterson, who was born in Greenbrier county in 1863, and died in 
September, 1892; (second) in September, 1894, 3\Iary (Dice) Leonard, 
widow of William E. Leonard. She died in May, 1906, leaving one child, 
Alice E., a child of her first marriage. In September, 1909, he married 
(third) Harriet Louise Peck, born in Brooklyn, New York. He has two 
sons: Russell Lowell, and Forrest Gray, children of his first wife. 



The development of the great mineral resources of West 
CLARK Mrginia has called into action many talented, energetic men, 

who have been drawn hither from almost every state in the 
L'nion. Among such real captains of industry is James M. Clark, of 
New Jersey, whose genealogical and personal history is here briefly out- 
lined : 

(I) Samuel Clark, born in England, settled on Long Island in 1680. 

(II) Thomas Clark^ son of Samuel Clark, came from England with 
the father in 1680. 

(III) William Clark, son of Thomas Clark, settled in Westfield, 
New Jersey, some time before 1730. 

(IV) Captain Charles Clark, son of William Clark, spent his entire 
life in Westfield, New Jersey. 

(V) Captain William (Tlark, son of Captain Charles Clark, was 
born in 1756: fought in the revolutionary war, was captured by the 
British and imprisoned in the "Old Sugar House Prison,"' on Manhat- 
tan Island, and died September 28, 1853. ^g^d ninety-seven years, three 
months and eleven days, as shown by the head-stone at his grave. The 
stone has inscribed near the base "I would not live alway". Dr. Wil- 
liam A. Clark, of Trenton, New Jersey, has a cane made from the wal- 
nut timber taken from the old prison in which his great-grandfather was 
imprisoned. When the building was torn down canes were made from 
the material and presented to all surviving prisoners. Captain \\'illiam 
receiving the one now at Trenton. 

(\^I) Andrew H., son of Captain \\'illiam Clark, spent his life in 
Westfield, New Jersey. 

(VII) James Lawrence, son of .Anrlrew H. Clark, was born Janu- 
ary 22, 1818, in Westfield, New Jersey, where his life was largely spent, 
dying March 4, 1903. By occupation he was a farmer and builder, 
also a mason in New York City. Politically he was a Republican, and 
in church faith a Presbyterian. He married Hannah Margaret Johns- 
ton, born in New York City, June 20, 1832. She was always an active 
church worker in the Presbyterian church, of which William Clark (III) 
was one of the founders in 1730. She died December 12, T911. The 
children of Jame^ L. and Hannah I\Targaret (Johnston) Clark were: 
I. Marv Gray. 2. Tames M., of whom further. 3. Estelle M., married 




, m. -^6.^ 



WEST \^IRGIXIA 79 

M. A. Harris; they have one son, Robert Johnston Harris. 4. Lawrence 
A., married Jean Starr; one child, Jean AIcKair Clark. 5, Emma J., who 
died in 1888. 

(\'ni) James ^Montgomery, son of James L. and Hannah M. (Johns- 
ton) Clark, was born April 6, 1866, at Westtield, Xew Jersey. He re- 
ceived his education in \\'estfield, and later, in April, 1887, he went to 
West \'irginia, where he accepted a position on the engineering corps of 
his cousin, Robert R. Goodrich, M. E., who was educated at the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, at Boston. Young Clark filled various 
positions of subordinate work, until 1890, when he entered the firm of 
Goodrich & Clark, engineers, and worked in McDowell county, West 
\'irginia. This continued until 1892, when Mr. Clark established an in- 
dependent business of his own, at Kanawha Falls, since which time he 
has had much to do with the development of this section of the country. 
When he first came to the state it was only producing four million tons 
of coal per year, but the report of 1910 shows a production of sixty 
million tons. The present firm of Clark & Krebs was organized, at 
Kanawha Falls, January i, 1900, and they subsequently removed to 
Charleston. West Virginia, in 1908. Both Mr. Clark and his partner 
have a thorough and practical knowledge of the geologv' of the coal- 
bearing sections of the Virginias and Kentucky. They employ many 
highly competent assistants. Politically Mr. Clark is a Republican, but 
takes' no part in campaign work, simply casts his vote with that organ- 
ized party. 

He was married, September 18, 1895, to Pattie Farley, of Kanawha 
Falls, Fayette county, ^^'est \'lrginia. Their children are : James Mont- 
gomery Jr., born JMarch 27, 1897; Lawrence Willis, born July 31. 1902; 
Francis Alden, born November 17, 1903: Nancy Margaret, born August 
27, 1905. The children are all now (1913) attending the public schools 
of Charleston. Mr. and ]\Irs. Clark are members of the First Presbyter- 
ian church at Charleston. 



The Krebs family has been in America for about one cen- 
KREBS tury. Nicholas Krebs was a native of Alsace-Lorraine when 

it was a part of the kingdom of France, and served in the 
French wars as a soldier under Emperor Napoleon. He came to Amer- 
ica after the battle of Waterloo, spending eight months on his journey, 
and finally in 1816 settled in the Ohio valley. He died there in 1855. at 
the age of seventy years. He married, and left a widow, who sur- 
vived liim many years and died in Monroe county, Ohio. Of their eight 
daughters, four are still living, and their only son was John \\'.. of 
whom further. 

(H) John W., only son of Nicholas Krebs, was born in Monroe 
county, Ohio, in 1840, died in Wetzel county. West AMrginia, in 1908. 
He had removed thither in 1869, and was a farmer and carpenter. He 
attended the Lutheran church, and adhered to Republican principles in 
politics. He married, in 1867, Elizabeth Hubacher, who is yet living in 
Wetzel county, at the age of sixty-eight years. Their children were: i. 
Emma, born in August, 1868; married A. L. Sidell, and lives in Wetzel 
county; they have eight children. 2. Charles E.. of whom further. 3. 
George R., March 17, 1872: graduated from West Virginia State LTni- 
versity in 1899: is junior member of the firm of Clark & Krebs; mar- 
ried, iqo2, Lettie Carr, and they have five children. 4. Mary Ellen, 
1874. died April. 1894. 3. Lenora B., October i, 1876; married G. H. 
Farmer, of Wetzel county, and they have five children, f). Jesse D., 
July 7, 1878; superintendent of a Fayette county coal company: mar- 



8o WEST VIRGINIA 

ricd Elizabeth ^mith ; the}- have one bun. 7. John A., 1880; a farmer 
in Wetzel county. 8. Le'slie W.. May 20. 1883, a teacher in Wetzel 
county. 

(Ill) Charles E., son of John \\ ., and Elizabeth ( llubacher ) Krebs, 
was born May ly, 1870, in Wetzel county, West Virginia. Demg of a 
scientific turn of mind he took all possible advantage of his course of 
study at the New Martinsville high school, and himself taught school 
during the following three years. Having earned sufficient money to 
defray his expenses at the West \"irginia University, he entered the 
technical department of that institution to study engineering, and was 
graduated in 1894, with the degree of Bachelor of Science in civil engin- 
eering. His first active employment was with a company known as the 
Coal & Coke Railroad Company, with whom he worked for three years 
in the engineering department, and during that period filled the position 
of transit-man and later that of construction engineer. He then entered 
into a business agreement with his present partners in the firm of Clark 
& Krebs. They located their headquarters at Kanawha Falls, Fayette 
county, West Virginia, and' soon became well known as a reliable civil 
and mining engineering firm in the New River coal field. They next 
located in Charleston, in Kanawha county, in 1908. The following year 
Mr. Krebs received an appointment on the West Virginia State Geologi- 
cal Survey as assistant to the state geologist, Dr. I. C. White, in the 
southern section of the state. In this field his natural adaptability tc 
scientific research work, field investigation and experiment has strongly 
manifested itself, and won him high commendation from his superiors. 
Still connected, however, with the engineering firm of Clark & Krebs, 
he has added greatly to their prestige, and they have gained, largely 
through his progressiveness and ability, high standing as mining engin- 
eers in the three states of Virginia, West \'irginia and Kentucky. Mr. 
Krebs has completed a detailed report of the following counties : Jack- 
son, Mason, Putnam, Cabell, Lincoln, Wayne and Kanawha. In poli- 
tics he supports the Republican party. As a believer in the principles 
of Masonry, he has afSliated with various branches of the order, and 
is also a member of Beni Kedem Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of No- 
bles of the Mystic Shrine, at Charleston. He and his wife are Pres- 
byterians in religion. 

^It. Krebs married (first) in i8y8, in Clay county, W'est \'irginia, 
Donnie Carr, born in 1876, died in April, 1902; (second), in 1905, Jose- 
phine Stephens, of Wetzel county. West \'irginia. Their only son, 
Gregory C, was born December 12. 1906. 



Edward Wallace Knight, of Charleston, is a descendant 
KNIGHT of old and honored New England ancestry. His grand- 
father, Asa Knight, married Melinda Adams. 
(II) Edward Boardman, son of Asa and Melinda (.Adams) Knight, 
was born in Hancock, New Hampshire, August 16, 1834, died Decem- 
ber 17, 1897. He graduated at Dartmouth College in the class of 1861. 
was admitted to the bar of his native state in September, 1863, and 
practiced for a short time in New London, and Dover, New Hamp- 
shire. He settled in Charleston, \\'est Virginia, in April, 1865, and be- 
came a member of the firm of Smith & Knight, and later of Knight & 
Couch, the latter connection continuing until the retirement of Mr. 
Knight from active practice, January i, 1892. He served in the capac- 
ity of citv solicitor of Charleston for a number of years. He was a 
menilur fnmi Kanawha county of the constitutional convention of 1872- 
-3. tlic only political position he could be induced to accept. He was 



WEST VIRGINIA 8i 

a staunch Democrat in politics. He married ( tirst ) September 15, 1804, 
Hannah Ehzabeth White, born in Xewport, New Hampshire, died in 
September, 1878. He married (secondj February 13, 1882, ]\Iary Ehz- 
abeth White, who survives him. Children of first wife: Edward Wal- 
lace, of whom further; Harold Warren, of Charleston, West \ irginia ; 
Alary Ethel, wife of George W. McClintic, of Charleston. 

(Illj Edward Wallace, son of Edward B. and Hannah E. (White) 
Knight, was born April 30, 1866, at Newport, New Hampshire. He 
attended the local schools of Charleston, later entering and graduating 
from Dartxnouth College, class of 1887. He read law in the office of 
Knight & Couch, of which his father was a member, and was admit- 
ted to the West \ irginia bar in May, 1889. From that time until Jan- 
uary 1, 1892, he was employed by Knight & Couch, and then entered 
into partnership with James F. Brown and Malcolm Jackson, who were 
conducting business under the style of Brown & Jackson, and formed 
the firm of Brown, Jackson & Knight, which has continued up to date. 
In 1902 Mr. Knight was appointed general counsel of the railroads 
successively known as the Deepwater, Tidewater and Virginian, and 
from 1891 to 1894 was a member of the city council of Charleston. He 
is a stockholder and director in the Kanawha Valley Bank and is inter- 
ested in sundry business enterprises in the southern part of the state. 
He is a member of the Presbyterian church, a Democrat and a member 
of the Alasonic orders. 

Mr. Knight married, January 25, 1893, Mary Catherine Dana, daugh- 
ter of J. E. and Alaria S. Dana, the latter of whom is deceased. Chil- 
dren : Edward Dana, born March it,, 1894; Elizabeth S., August 3, 
1897; Ethel, July 22. 191 1. 



James Carr, father of Hon. Robert Stuart Carr, was born 
C.-\RR in county Down, Ireland, and when a young man came to 

America, in 1818. He moved in i860, from Guernsey county, 
Ohio, to Point Pleasant, West Virginia, and there engaged in pursuit of 
his trade as mechanic and plasterer. In this place he lived until 1865, 
when he removed to Charleston, West Virginia, where he died in 1900. 
He married Margaret, daughter of Robert Stuart, who was born in 
county Down, Ireland, and had come also in 181 8 to America, locating 
in Guernsey county, Ohio, where he had gone into farming. James and 
Margaret (Stuart) Carr had six children, who are all still living (1913) : 
1. Mary Jane, married Thomas Scott, of San Francisco, California. 2. 
Robert Stuart, of whom further. 3. William, of Seattle, Washington. 
4. Eleanor, living unmarried in San Francisco. 5. James Monroe, a den- 
tist in Charleston. 6. Joseph S., a dentist in Charleston. 

( II) Hon. Robert Stuart Carr, son of James and Margaret (Stuart) 
Carr, was born in Guernsey county, Ohio, November 14, 1845. He was 
brought by his parents at the age of four years to Point Pleasant, and 
here received his first school training. When a young man he accom- 
panied his father to Charleston, and very soon afterwards got a clerk- 
ship in a general merchandise store. His experience in this line and his 
ambition led him after a time to start in the mercantile business on his 
own account, continuing in this for about eight years. In 1882 he sold 
out in order to go into the transportation business on the Kanawha, Ohio 
and Mississippi rivers, handling a large amount of freight sent from the 
coal mines to New Orelans. He is responsible for the organization of 
the Ella Lavman Tow Boat Company, of which he was the president. 
This company did a very large and important part of the transportation 
of that region. Mr. Carr has also been interested verv largely in local 
6 



)^-2 WEST XIRGIXIA 

real estate. Althmigh a man wlmse vdutli had few educational advan- 
tages, innate force of character and sound, clear, native sagacity have 
placed him m the front rank of men who have been useful to the state. 
Not only has his business resource and grasp of conditions enormously 
helped m the development of Kanawha valley, but his political services 
have been such as to make his name a respected one through the length 
and breadth of the state. He has in his political affiliations been guided 
by principles, rather than by party lines. He has the rare courage to 
have been willing to change political allegiance in order to follow the 
dictates of his conscience. He was, between 1878 and 1880, connected 
with what was called the Greenback party, in which he had as associates 
some of the best men of the country. He later became a Democrat, but 
left that party convinced of the vital importance to the people at large 
of the principles of the Labor party. He was elected in 1879 to the city 
council of Charleston, serving in that body for three years, and at the 
end of that time being elected county commissioner and' serving as presi- 
dent of the board. In 1886 he was'elected on the Labor ticket, as dele- 
gate of the Ninth West \'irginia District to the state senate, and in the 
election overcame the normal Democratic majority of twelve hundred 
votes. In the session of 1889 he was elected president of the state sen- 
ate and served in this capacity through two sessions. In 1904 he was 
the Democratic candidate for state treasurer. He is as the present time 
a member of the Democratic state executive committee of the Ninth Sen- 
atonal Di.strict. In preparation for the great World's Fair at Chicago in 
1893 be was a member of the board of commissioners for the state of 
West \"irginia. Always keenly alive of the vital importance to the state 
of its educational system, he has served for fourteen years on the board 
of regents for the state normal schools. In all of these ofiFices the work 
of Mr. Carr lias been marked by the highest devotion and efficiency. 

Mr. Carr married, in 1870, in Charleston, Julia E., daughter of John 
and Elizabeth Wilson. Mrs. Carr is a native of Charleston. They have 
a son : Frederick N., born in 1872 ; graduated at Swarthmore College, 
Pennsylvania, and afterwards studied law at the Lmiversity of Virginia, 
from which he was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. He 
is now a practicing attorney in Charleston. 



, . Dr. Harry Hopple Young, son of William A. and Anna 
YOl NG M. (Hopple) Young, was born in Cincinnati, September 
17, 1877. The public schools of Cincinnati furnished his 
early education, which was continued at the Central LTniversity of Ken- 
tucky. Having chosen the profession of medicine, he entered Ohio 
Medical College, whence he was graduated in 1900. For a year and a 
half he was resident physician at Christ Hospital, Cincinnati, and then 
entered into partnership with Dr. Schooffield in Charleston. Dr. Young 
was one of the organizers of the Charleston General Hospital and he 
and his partner are closely associated with its administration. In a bus- 
iness way. Dr. Young is medical director of the Southern States Mutual 
Life Insurance Companv. Fraternally he is connected with the Masons 
and the Elks. 

Dr. Young married, in Charleston, November 10, 1904, Mazie M. 
Couch, a native of Charleston, and daughter of George S. and Laura 
fMcAf aster) Couch, who are both living. Thev have two children: Ma- 
zie Hopple, born November 20, 1906: and George William, Tanuarv 4 
1911. 



WEST \ IRHIXIA 83 

John Laing, the American founder of this family, was born 
LAING in Scotland, died in Alercer county, Pennsylvania. He was 

a miner. In June, 1867, he emigrated from Falkirk, near 
G^isgow, Scotland, and settled at Hermitage, a mining settlement near 
Shavon, Mercer county, Pennsylvania. Por some years he worked in the 
mines of this county. He married Margaret Bouey. Child : Ale.xander, 
of whom further. 

(H) Alexander, son of John and Margaret (Bouey) Laing, was 
born near Glasgow. He also was a miner and, coming to the United 
States with his father, worked first for some years in the mines of Mer- 
cer county, Pennsylvania, and afterward in those of Mahoning county, 
Ohio. In 1884 he came into Fayette county. West A'irginia. The min- 
ing development of this state was then very new. In the industrial de- 
velopments which, for good and for evil, have transformed the aspect 
and life of West Virginia, Alexander Laing was a pioneer. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Morrison) McAlpin, 
also born in Scotland; there her father lived and died. She now lives 
with her daughter, Mrs. W. T. Green, at Charleston, West Virginia. 
Children: Margaret, died in infanc}-; Janet; John (2); of whom fur- 
ther ; James M. ; Elizabeth ; Margaret ; Mary ; Alexander \\'. ; Bessie ; 
William; Annie. All are living except the oldest. 

(Ill) John (2), son of Alexander and Elizabeth (McAlpin) Laing, 
was born at Falkirk, Scotland, August 24, 1865. When less than two 
years old he was brought by his father to America. He attended school 
at Sharon, Pennsylvania, but left school at nine years of age, and then 
entered the mines in what was known as the Spearman shaft, Mercer 
county. From that time his work has been in connection with the min- 
ing of coal. He went with his family to Ohio, and came with them to 
West Virginia. From 1884 to 1891 he worked in the mines of the New- 
river and Kanawha districts ; then ; giving up underground work, he ac- 
cepted a position as clerk in the store of the Rush Run Coal Company, in 
Fayette county. He was later advanced to the position of bookkeeper, 
and had, as additional duty, charge of the company's payrolls. In Jan- 
uary, 1892, being then twenty-six years old, he took charge of the mine 
of the Red Ash Coal Company, as mine foreman : and five years later 
was advanced to the position of mine superintendent of the Red Ash 
mine, and two other of the earlier mines on the New river. In 1898 he 
was made superintendent of the mines of the Rush Run Coal Company. 
Three years later all these companies, with several others in the Xew 
river district, were consolidated, and he was appointed superintendent of 
the combination, which was known as the New River Smokeless Coal 
Company. It was under the active management of Ferdinand Howald, 
one of the early settlers ; but when, in 1905, he retired from mining, hav- 
ing accumulated a considerable fortune, Mr. Laing was appointed to suc- 
ceed him as general manager of the combination. In the latter part of 
the same year, the entire holdings of this company were sold to the Gug- 
genheim interests, of New York City. Mr. Laing resigned from the 
new organization and, with a part of the proceeds from the sale of his 
interests, organized the Wyatt Coal Company, in Kanawha county. He 
also purchased four mines on Cabin creek, from the Cardiff Coal Com- 
pany ; and these mines, known as Horton Number One. Horton Number 
Two, Oakley and Berlin, are still being operated under his personal man- 
agement. He also organized, in 1908, the MacAlpin Coal Company, 
which operates mines in Raleigh county. West Virginia, on the lines of 
the Virginian and the Chesapeake & Ohio railways ; of which company 
he is president and general manager. In 191 1 he organized the Mc- 
Gregor Coal Company, which leases three thousand six hundred acres 
in Logan county, ^^'est \'irginia. In 1912 he organized the McCaa Coal 



8-j WEST VIRGINIA 

Company, which works in Gilmer county, West \irginia, having a lease 
of one thousand acres on the Coal and Coke railway ; and of this com- 
pany, likewise, he is president and general manager. 

Having thus been raised from boyhood in the mines, having been a 
miner before he did clerical work, and having worked in this capacity 
also before he became a large mine owner, Mr. Laing knows the mining 
business thoroughly, and understands the men who do the work and 
their point of view. He has been loyal to his friends, and has not 
rrached his position by climbing over others and pushing them aside. 
Cn December 22, 1908, he was sworn in as chief of the Department of 
Mines of West Virginia, and has filled this position to the satisfaction 
uf both operators and miners. The work has been both congenial and 
pleasant ; he has had the co-operation of the governor and other state 
officers, and harmonious relations with those with whom he has had to 
deal. Although he feels that his efforts have been successful, he does 
not intend to accept reappointment after the expiration of his present 
term, July i, 1913. 

Mr. Laing has also a number of banking interests. He is a stock- 
holder in the Capitol City Bank, Charleston, in which city he makes 
his residence ; also, a stockholder and director in the National City Bank, 
of Charleston. He is a director of the New River Banking and Trust 
Company, at Thurmond, West Virginia, and of the Bank of Mullins, 
Mullins, West Virginia. He is a thirty-second degree Mason ; a mem- 
ber of the Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, the 
Knights of Pythias, and the Improved Order of Red Men, Mr. Laing 
is a member of the First Presbyterian church, at Charleston. 

He married, at Hanover, York county, Pennsylvania, October 6, 
1904, Margaret Slagle, daughter of William and Margaret (Stein") 
Slagle, born at Hanover. Her family is of Pennsylvania German stock ; 
her father now lives with Mr. Laing, her mother is deceased. Children 
of John and ^largaret (Slagle) Laing: Louisa \^andersloot. born De- 
cember 30, 1905; Gertrude Elizabeth, May 16. 1907. 



Hon. Samuel Lightfoot Flournoy, father of R. Parke 
FLOURNOY Flournoy, was born in Chesterfield county, Virginia, 

November 23, 1846, son of Richard W. and Sarah 
(Parke) Flournoy. During his early boyhood and young manhood years 
he resided in Richmond, Virginia, attending its public schools, acquiring 
an excellent education, which was supplemented later by a classical 
course in Hampden-Sidney College, from which institution he was grad- 
uated with honors in 1868. In 1863, during the progress of the war 
between the states, he enlisted his services in the Confederate army and 
served faithfully and well during his term of enlistment. For four 
years after his graduation he served in the capacity of teacher, a voca- 
tion for which he was thoroughly qualified. In the meanwhile prepar- 
ing for the profession of law. he was admitted to the bar of his native 
state in 1873. He at once entered upon the active practice of his chosen 
calling, and his thorough knowledge, coupled with his high character as 
a man. won merited distinction. He was equally prominent in the po- 
litical field, serving twice as member of the West Virginia state senate, 
being elected first in 1885 and re-elected in t88o. During his tenure of 
office he was a member of the following committees: judiciary, privileges 
and elections, federal relations, immigration and agriculture, and pub- 
lic printing. About the year 1873 ^^ took up his residence in Romney, 
Hampshire county. West Virs;inia, and in 1890 removed to Charleston, 
^ame state. He served as mayor of Romney for three terms, this fact 
clearly demonstrating his popularity and efficiency. Senator Flournoy 



WEST VIRGINIA 85 

married, April 10, 1875, Frances A. White, born April, 1843, daughter 
of John B. and Frances A. (Streit) White. She survives her husband, 
whose death occurred January 28, 1904. Children: R. Parke, of whom 
further; Harry L., city auditor of Charleston; Samuel L., a graduate 
of the University of Virginia Law School, admitted to the bar in 191 1, 
now engaged in practice at Charleston ; Alexander W., employed by the 
Kentucky & West Virginia Oil & Gas Co., as a bookkeeper. 

(II) R. Parke, eldest son of Hon. Samuel L. and Frances A. (White) 
Flournoy, was born December 29, 1875, in Romney, West Virginia. He 
attended the schools of Romney, and later pursued a course in the Law 
School of the University of West Virginia, graduating therefrom in the 
class of 1899, with the degree of Bachelor of Law. He was admitted 
to the bar of Kanawha county in 1899, and at once engaged in a general 
practice in the city of Charleston, with offices in the Kanawha Banking 
& Trust Company Building. He possesses the attributes of a suc- 
cessful practitioner of law, — integrity of character, judicial instinct and a 
rare appreciation of the two sides of every question. 



Michael Donovan, a well known and successful farmer 
DONOVAN of ^\'ellsville, New York, was born in the county of 
Cork, Ireland, and came to this country in his early 
manhood. Having followed agricultural pursuits in his native country, 
he engaged in the same occupation upon his arrival in this country, when 
he settled at Wellsville. He married Josie O'Leary, also a native of 
county Cork, Ireland, and they have had children : James ; Michael Jr. ; 
Anna, unmarried; Patrick Andrew, of whom further; John, deceased. 

(II) Patrick Andrew, son of Michael and Josie (O'Leary) Dono- 
van, was born in Wellsville, New York, April 30, 1871. He acquired 
his education in the public and high schools of his native town and, at 
the age of twenty years, became a telegraph operator at Peekskill, New 
York, in the service of the New York Central railroad. Subsequently 
he accepted a position with the Standard Oil Company, in turn resigning 
this in order to engage in traveling, which occupied nine years of his 
time. For the following three years he was then engaged in the elec- 
tric supplies business, and in 1900 settled in Charleston, West Virginia, 
where he established the gas and electric supplies business, with which 
he is at present connected, in the Arcade. It has grown to be the largest 
concern of its kind in the city, having a wholesale trade wdiich embraces 
all the southern portion of ^^'est \'^irginia, and its scope is constantly in- 
creasing. ^Ir. Donovan has remarkable business energy and executive 
ability, and is connected with a number of other business enterprises. 
He is the treasurer and a director of the Elk Gas &- Oil Company, and 
president of the Dunbar Art Glass Company. His political support is 
given to the Democratic party, while his religious association is with the 
Catholic church. 

Mr. Donovan married (first) Jennie Conlon, who died April 8, 1904, 
leaving a son. Charles A., born April 3. 1004. He married (second) 
in Charleston, May 21. 1012. Jusie \Veeks. born in Philadelphia. 



The Clay family ranks among the oldest and most honored 
CLAY in the state of Virginia, having been seated there in the year 

1613, when John Clay, the pioneer ancestor, came to the 
New World from Wales. From the three sons of this emigrant de- 
scended all the Kentucky Clays, including Henry Clay, the great Ameri- 
can statesman, born in Hanover county A'irginia, 1777. died June 29, 



86 WEST \IR(iL\IA 

il) General Green Clay, the ancestor of the line here under con- 
sideration, and the first of the name to locate in the state of Kentucky, 
settled in Madison county, near the present town of Richmond, his home 
later becoming known as "\\'hitehaH". He served as a private in the 
revolutionary war and the war of 1812, displaying both courage and for- 
titude, characteristics inherited by his descendants. Among his children 
was General Cassius ^I. Clay, a noted character of his day, and Brutus 
Junius, of whom further. 

(IIj Brutus Junius, son of General Green Clay, was a resident of 
Bourbon county, Kentucky, removing there from Aladison county, his 
father's place of residence. He followed the occupation of agriculture, 
to which he added the breeding of blooded stock, in both of which he 
was highly successful. He was a man of public spirit and enterprise, 
and was chosen to represent the Ashland district, made famous by 
Henry Clay, in the thirty-eighth congress. He married (first) Amelia 
Field, and (second) Anne Field, her sister. Children of first wife: i. 
Martha, married Henry B. Davenport, of Jefferson county. West Vir- 
ginia. 2. Christopher Field, a farmer, who lived and died in Bourbon 
county, Kentucky. 3. Green, a graduate of A''ale College, served as sec- 
retary to his uncle at St. Petersburg, and later as secretary of legation ^1 
Minister Marsh in Italy ; for many years he owned and cultivated a 
plantation in Mississippi, and now resides on his farm at Mexico, Mis- 
souri. 4. Ezekiel Field, of whom further. Child of second wife: 5. 
Cassius Marcellus. a graduate of Yale College, served for several terms 
in the Kentucky legislature, was president of the last constitutional con- 
vention of Kentucky, a farmer, and owner of "Auvergne", the home 
place of his father, near Paris, Kentucky. 

(HI) Ezekiel Field, youngest child of Brutus Junius and Amelia 
(Field) Clay, was born in Bourbon county. Kentucky, in 1841. He at- 
tended the schools in the vicinity of his home and completed his studies 
at Bacon College, Harrodsburg, Kentucky. During the war between the 
states he displayed his patriotism by enlistment in the Confederate army, 
serving first as captain and later as colonel of cavalry, for 
the greater part of the time under General Humphrey Marshall. He 
was twice wounded, the second time being taken prisoner and incarcer- 
ated at Johnson's Island, undergoing the privations and suft'erings of that 
dreadful period. After peace was declared he returned to private life 
and gave his attention to farming and breeding thoroughbred horses, 
conducting his operations, which were successful and remunerative, at 
his home, "Runnymede", in Bourbon county, Kentucky. He married 
IMary, daughter of John T. and Elizabeth (Buckner) Woodford, de- 
scendants of Virginia ancestors. Children: i. Ezekiel Field Jr., a grad- 
uate of Yale College, class of 1892. now a farmer in Bourbon county, 
Kentucky. 2. Woodford, a graduate of Princeton College, class of 
1893, now devoting his attention to the breeding and racing of thorough- 
bred horses. 3. Brutus J., a graduate of Princeton College, class of 
1896, studied law at the University of \'irginia. now a practicing lawyer 
of Atlanta, Georgia. 4. Buckner, of whom further. 5. Amelia, mar- 
ried Samuel Clay, a descendant of a different branch of tlie family. 6. 
Mary Catesby, unmarried, resides at home. 

( I\' ) Buckner, fourth child of Ezekiel Field and Mary (Woodford) 
Clay, was born in Bourbon county. Kentucky, December 31, 1877. •^^" 
ter a ]ireparatory education in the private schools of his neighborhood, 
he matriculated in the Kentucky University, from which he graduated 
in the class of 1897. The year following his graduation he devoted to 
the occupation of farming, and then entered the law department of the 
University of \'irginia, and graduated therefrom in 1900. He then lo- 



WEST \IR(,I\IA 87 

cated in l^aris, Kentucky, where he engaged in a general practice of 
his profession, and in January. 1903, removed to Atlanta. Georgia, and 
was later admitted to practice in that state ; but in June. 1903. he took 
up his residence in Charleston. West \'irginia, to enter the law office of 
Flournoy. Price & Smith. In January. 1907, he became a member of 
the firm, the name being changed to that of Price, Smith. Spilman & 
Clay, and this connection has continued to the present time ( kjij ). Mr. 
Clay is a Democrat in politics. 



James Patrick Clark, a prominent business man of 
CLARK Charleston, in which city he has resided for a number of 
years, traces his ancestry to Patrick Clark, who was acci- 
dentally killed in Scotland, and whose widow, after remarriage, came to 
the L'nited States, locating in Mason City. West X'irginia. where her 
death occurred. 

( II ) Patrick F.. son of Patrick Clark, was a native of England, al- 
though of Irish ancestry, and died at Shawnee, Ohio, in August, 1888, 
at the age of fifty-two years. He was interested in the coal business for 
a number of years and was a mining expert ; but in 1874 engaged in 
the mercantile business at Shawnee, where he spent the remainder of his 
days. During the civil war he was twice drafted for service, and his 
brother, James Clark, lost his life in that memorable struggle. He mar- 
ried (first) Margaret Daley, whose death occurred at the early age of 
twenty-three years, and ( second ) Annie Foster. Children of first wife : 
Mary, wife of John T. Joyce, of Corning, Ohio; Frank, an electrician, of 
Shawnee. Ohio; James Patrick, of whom further; Catherine, widow of 
S. R. Grant, of Shawnee. Children of second wife: F'atrick. Ellen, 
Michael, Charles. Cecelia. Gertrude, Thomas, John and Emmett. 

(Ill) James Patrick, son of Patrick F. and Margaret (Daley) Clark, 
was born at Pomeroy, (Dhio, April 15. i860. He received but a meagre 
education, being obliged to earn his own livelihood at an early age, but 
by observation and travel became well informed on a variety of sub- 
jects, At nineteen years of age he crossed the Rocky ^Mountains, as a 
member of the construction gang engaged in building the Denver & Rio 
Grande railroad through the Black Canyon of Colorado, and he remained 
west for a number of vears afterward, principally engaged in mining. He 
also followed the latter occupation upon his return to the east, until 
1882. when he embarked in business at Trimble. Athens county, Ohio, 
Two years later he removed to Columbus, in the same state, where he 
engaged in business for almost a year ; then removed to Murray City, 
where he continued for two years more. After this he located in Gal- 
lipolis. Ohio, where he conducted his business for more than one year. In 
1890 he took up his residence in Charleston. West Mrginia. where he en- 
gaged in the wholesale liquor business, prior to that traveling for sev- 
eral leading business concerns. Mr. Clark has presented in his quiet and 
unobstrusive way a phase of successful business life which we do not 
often see. and one that illustrates the fundamental principles of a true 
life. Permanent success does not grow out of mere activity, persever- 
ance and prompt action, but personal virtue, combined with these, and 
these characteristics have been fully emphasized in the career of ]\Ir. 
Clark, who has been an active factor in the development of his adopted 
city, contributing liberally to every charitable and benevolent enterprise. 
He had invested his capital wisely and judiciously in the purchase of real 
estate in Charleston, and is now the owner of the following pieces of 
property: Stag Hotel, containing fifty rooms, where are his business 
Cjuarters ; a drugstore on the corner of .Smith and Capital street ; the 



88 WEST \'IRGIXIA 

Ruth drugstore building; a fine residence on Lee street, and another on 
AfcCorkle Hill, south side; eight dwellings containing eight rooms each: 
twenty smaller properties, together with many vacant lots within the city 
limits, which are increasing in value rapidly. On July 22, 1901, he pur- 
chased the James F .Brown block. Nos. 24. 26 and 28 Summer street, a 
three-story brick building, which he occupies as a wholesale and retail 
store, where is also operated one of the finest barber shops in the city. On 
July 22, 1908, he purchased the handsome residence of Captain James Sintz 
at Spring Hill, and he and his family have resided there ever since. Mr. 
Clark and his family are members of the Sacred Heart Roman Catholic 
Church at Charleston. He is in favor of the principles of the Demo- 
cratic party, but casts his vote for the candidate whom he considers best 
capable of filling the office, irrespective of party affiliation. 

Mr. Clark married, February 3, 1885, Margaret Geoghan, of Mas- 
sillon, Ohio, daughter of William and Ellen Geoghan. Children : Mary, 
wife of Dr. W. P. Kuntz, of Huntington, West \'irginia; ^largaret : 
Leo : A'irginia ; Joseph Staunton ; Julia ; Evelyn ; James ; Agato. 



The surname Doolittle is one of the most ancient in 
DOOLITTLE England, having originated in Normandy a thousand 

years ago. It is perhaps anglicized from de Dolieta ; 
Dolieta is supposed to have been a place on the Norman coast. The 
first American immigrant spelled it Dowlittell ; today it is almost in- 
variably written Doolittle. There are now very few of this name in 
England, but in the LTnited States this family is widerspread, being es- 
]5eciallv numerous in Connecticut, New York and Ohio. Nearly all 
.American Doolittles are descended from Abraham Doolittle. 

(I) Abraham Doolittle, the founder of this family, was born in the 
latter part of 1619 or early part of 1620, died August 11, 1690. He was 
in Boston as early as 1640, and removed to New Haven before 1642. 
In 1644, despite his youth, he was the chief executive officer of the New 
Haven colony. Seven times he was deputy to the general assembly at 
Hartford. He is said to have been the first white man to explore the 
forests which then lay beyond the Quinnipiac river. In 1669 he was 
elected as one of a commission of three to manage the affairs of a new 
settlement, which was incorporated the following year as Wallingford. 
He was several times the representative of Wallingford at the general 
court in Hartford, and held other offices there. He was one of the 
founders of the church at Wallingford, and sergeant of the first train 
band. He married (first) in England, Joane, daughter of James .\llen. 
of Kempston, county of Bedford, England: (second) July 2, 1663. Abi- 
gail, daughter of John Moss, who was born April 10, 1642, and died 
November 5, 1710. Children, first six by first, others by second wife: t. 
Sarah, married William Abernethy. 2. .Abraham (2), of whom further. 
3. Elizabeth, born April 12, 1652, married Dr. John Brockett. 4. ]\Iary. 
born February 22, 1653, died young. S- John, born Tune 14, 1655: mar- 
ried (first) February 13, 1682, Mary Moss, (second) January 29. 1717, 
Grace Blakesley. 6. .Abigail, baptized May 22, 1659, died young. 7. 
Samuel, born July 7, 1665, died September 25, 1714; married Mary Corn- 
wall. S. Joseph, born February 12, 1667. died May 15, 173^: married 
(first) April 24, 1690, Sarah Brown, fsecond) October 2=;, 1720, Eliza- 
beth Ilolt. 9. Abigail, born Februarv 26, 1669, married, about 1603, 
William Fredericks. to. Ebenezer. born Tuly 6, 1672, died December 
6. 171 1 : married, .April fi. i(i07. Hannah Hill. 11. Alary, born AFarch 4, 
1674, died before ifSoo. t2. Daniel, born December 20. 1675, died ATay 
II, T755; married (fir^f ) Alay 3, U'^-jR. Hannah Cornwall, (second) Feb- 



WEST \1RGINIA 89 

ruary 17, 1737, JNIary Andrews. 13. Theophilus, born July 28, 1678, died 
March 26, 1740, married (first) January 5, 1698, Thankful Hall, ( sec- 
ond;, Elizabeth Howe. 

(llj Abraham {2), son of Abraham (i) and Joane (Allen) Doo- 
little, was born at New Haven, February 12, 1649, '^^^^ November 10, 
1732. In 1672 he was elected constable of Wallingford. He married 
(first) November 9, 1680, Mary, daughter of William and Sarah Holt, 
who died probably in 1688; (second) February 12, 1689, Ruth Lathrop; 
(third) June 5, 1695, Elizabeth, born in February, 1678, and died Au- 
gust 2/, 1736, daughter of Samuel and Mary Thorp. Children, four by 
first wife, none by second, six by third marriage: i. John, born August 
13, 1681, died in November, 1746; married, February 28, 1705, Mary 
Fredericks. 2. Abraham, born March 27, 1684; married, August 10, 
1 7 10, Mary Lewis. 3. Sarah, born February 5, 1686. 4. Susannah, 
born April 15, 1688. 5. Thorp, born February 15, 1697, died young. 6. 
Samuel, born JMarch 14, 1698. 7. Joseph, born May 13, 1700, died De- 
cember 15, 1726. 8. Elizabeth, married, January 31, 1734, George Arm- 
strong. 9. Thomas, of whom further. 10. Lydia, born June 26, 1710: 
married, November 28, 1734, John Joyce or Royce. 

(HI) Thomas, son of Abraham (2) and Elizabeth (Thorp) Doolit- 
tle, was born at Wallingford, New Haven county, Connecticut, May 17, 
1705. He married, May 2/. 1729. Sarah, born at ^^'allingford, Decem- 
ber 15, 1704, daughter of William and Mary (Peck) Abernethy. She 
probably married (second) April 9, 1740, David Brockett. She was a 
great-granddaughter of Abraham (i) Doolittle. Children: Anne, born 
December 12, 1730, married Ebenezer Parker; Samuel, born December 
29, 1731, died January ir, 1732: Jemima, born December 31, 1732. died 
May 23, 1764: Esther, l)(_irn August 30. 1734; Thomas, of whom fur- 
ther. 

(IV) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i ) and Sarah (.Abernethy) Doo- 
little, was born at \\'allingford. ]\Iarch 5, 1736. He settled at Bethlehem, 
Litchfield county, Connecticut. He married Sarah, daughter of Joseph 
Ciitteau, who died in 1796. Children: i. Thomas. 2. .Abner, of whom 
further. 3. Sarah. 4. Thomas, born November 21, 1767; married (first) 

Frisby, (second) ]\Irs. Johnson. 5. Ephraim, born March 12, 1770, 

married Polly Green. 6. David, born June 4, 1772, died in 1824. mar- 
ried Lucy Clapp. 7. Waitstill, died before 1807, married . 

iV) Abner. son of Thomas (21 and Sarah (Gitteau) Doolittle, was 
born at Woodbury. Litchfield county. Connecticut, June 19, 1765. died 
at Canadice. Ontario county. New York, November 24, 1826. He re- 
moved, in 1795. to Middletown. Rutland county, \"ermont : in 1815 he 
was living at Poultney. Rutland .county, \'ermont ; and in 1825 he went 
to Canadice. Children: Thomas, married, October 19, 1814, Zeruah 
Rudd : Asa; Sheldon, of whom further; William, died in 1831 : mar- 
ried Rebecca HpII; .Alvah, born September 22. i8or, died January 16, 
1892. married (first) Esther Ashley, (second) Abigail Thompson. 

(\T) Rev. Sheldon Doolittle, son of Abner Doolittle, was born at 
Poultney, ^'ermont, Alay 5. 1798, died at Almond, Portage county. Wis- 
consin, March 9, i860. He studied medicine with his uncle. Dr. David 
Doolittle. and graduated at the Rensselaer Medical School in tSiq. He 
removed to Allegany, New York, near Olean. Giving up his medical 
work, he became a ^Methodist minister. He served first at .Almond, .Allegany 
county. New York, afterwards in Cattaraugus county, finally in Portage 
county. \\^isconsin. He married, in 1821. at Plattsburg, New York. 
Lerny Winters, who was born at Plattsburg in t8oo; she survived him 
about two years. Children: i. .Sheldon, born at Rutland, A'ennont, .Au- 
gust 22. 1822, diefl at r)nvx. California. December. 1900; married Melissa 



ito WEST MRGIXIA 

. 2. John, born Uctober 24, 1824; died at St. James, Minnesota, Janu- 
ary 31. 1904; married Susan Carroll, at Burns, New York. 3. Edson, 
born January 23, 1827. 4. Lamberton, of whom further. 5. William W., 
burn December 25, 1831. 6. Lewis Coburn, died 1855 at the age of 
twenty-two. 7. Eliza, born May 10, 1837; married Samuel Brown; she 
died in Wisconsin, November 25, 1868. 8. Augustus Erank, died in 
1858. 9. A son, died young. 10. Charles E., born June 8, 1844; mar- 
ried Nancy S. Shaw. 

(\'IIj Lamberton, son of Rev. Sheldon and Lerny (Winters) Doo- 
little. was born at Olean, Cattaraugus county, New York, January 22, 
1829, and died at Huntington, Cabell county. West \'irginia, July 25, 
1909. In the civil war he served three years, enlisting in 1862 in the 
Ninth New York Cavalry; shortly after enlistment he was assigned to 
the commissary department. For many years he was a clerk in the 
treasury department at Washington. In 1876 he was appointed a rev- 
enue collector, and served two years. He was badly wounded, while 
breaking up an illicit still in the mountains, being shot in the arm and 
leg my men in ambush. His son Edward was with him at the time. He 
married Chloe Ann, born in Steuben county. New York, June 14, 1831, 
and died at Huntington, March 11. 1901. daughter of James Sturdevant^ 
who was of Connecticut birth, a farmer, and lived seventy-two years. 
Children: i. Edward Sturdevant. of whom further. 2. Frank Leslie, 
living at Huntington. 3. James, died in infancy. 4. Anna L. 5. Wil- 
liam, died in infancy. 6. Rebecca May. 

(\"III) Judge Edward Sturdevant Doolittle, son of Lamberton and 
Chloe Ann ( Sturdevant ) Doolittle, was born at Wausau, Marathon 
county, Wisconsin, August 24, 1854. When he was five years old, his 
parents returned to their native state. New York, where he lived five years 
in Castile, Wyoming county, then, till he was eighteen, in Steuben county, 
where his father had a farm. He attended the local country schools 
and afterward Franklin Academy, Prattsburg, Steuben county. New 
York. When he was eighteen, his father sold his farm, and the family 
came to Huntington. Here he attended ^Marshall College, and finished 
the normal course in 1874 when he graduated under Champ Clark who 
was then president of the college. For five years, Judge Doolittle taught 
school in Cabell and Wayne counties. He was principal after this of a 
school at Barboursville, Cabell county, and of a graded school at Mil- 
ton, Cabell county; in the winter of 1882. he was principal of a school 
at Guyandotte, now within the limits of Huntington. During this period 
of teaching he was studying law, and in 1880 he was examined by three 
judges of the court of appeals and admitted to the bar. His practice of 
law began in Huntington in 1882; at first he w-as alone, afterward a 
member of the firm of Doolittle & Bryan. For two terms, in 1883 and 
1884, he was mayor of Guyandotte; the great flood of the Ohio river in 
1884 came within his term. In the autumn of 1896 he was elected judge 
of the old eighth judicial circuit, comprising the counties of Cabell, Lin- 
coln, Logan, Wayne and Mingo ; this ot¥ice he held for eight years, till 
the fall election of 1894, when he was elected judge of the new sixth cir- 
cuit, consisting of Cabell, Lincoln and Putnam counties. This oflice he 
still holds, (December, 1912"). Judge Doolittle is a member of the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks. His political affiliations are with the 
Republican party. His religion is of the Presbyterian faith. He mar- 
ried (first) Alice, daughter of Dr. Frank Murphy of Cabell county who 
died in 1890; (second) in Cabell county, October, 1894, Elizabeth, 
daughter of John ]\IcChesney. Her father was a farmer of Cabell 
county, and died at the age of seventy years ; her mother also is de- 
ceased. Children, first six bv first, others bv second wife: Bessie, died 




J^-y^y^^o^y^Ji^ttL^, 



WEST MRGIXIA 91 

in infancy; Florence Bryan, died in infancy; Maude Harrison, married 
Claude R. Murray, now lives at Williamson, West \'irginia ; Anna Love, 
married Elmer F. Ohlson, lives in Canal Zone, Panama ; Chloe Julia, 
married George Donald Miller, of the First National Bank, Hunting- 
ton; Alice Murphy, at present (1913) attending a school for nurses in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ; Mac ; Jean ; Elizabeth. 



Jacob Barr, descended from Germans who had settled in 
BARR Pennsylvania, was born in Washington county, in that state, 
died at an advanced age in Putnam county, \\'est Virginia. He 
removed to the latter county some years after his marriage, and he and 
his wife were devoted adherents of the ]\Iethodist church. He married 
Sarah Miller, who also died at an advanced age. They had several chil- 
dren. 

(H) Walter S., son of Jacob and Sarah ( ^Miller ) Barr, was a lad 
when his parents removed to Putnam county. West \'irginia. The large 
estate of his fatiier, on which his boyhood and young manhood days 
were spent, very naturally gave him an especial interest in agricultural 
pursuits, and these have engaged the greater portion of his time. From 
his earliest years, however, he has taken a more than ordinary interest 
in all matters concerning the general public welfare, and is at the pres- 
ent time very capably filling the office of sheriff of Putnam county. He 
married, in Putnam county, Mctoria Middleton. native of \'irginia, 
daughter of W'illiam Jackson and Catherine { Rippetoe) jMiddleton, the 
former of whom died in 1910, and the latter in 1909. Both were mem- 
bers of the Baptist church. Children of Mr. and ^Irs. Barr: i. Charles, 
died in childhood. 2. Harry S., of whom further. 3. Hugh, at present 
serving as deputy sheriff' ; married Lillian West. 4. Russell, living at 
home ; married Mayme Howell. 

( HI ) Harry S.. son of \\'alter S. and Mctoria ( Middleton ) Barr, was 
born at Winfield, Putnam county, \\'est \"irginia. C)ctober 31, 1876. His 
education was an exceedingly liberal one. After four years tuition at 
Huntington, where he attended ^larshall College, he matriculated at 
the Ohio Dental College, Cincinnati, and was graduated in the class of 
1901. with the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery. He immediately 
established himself in the practice of his profession in Charleston, West 
Virginia, where his careful and thorough work and conscientious meth- 
ods have been rewarded with a large and constantly increasing practice, 
and he is recognized as one of the leaders of his profession. Dr. Barr 
is a Knight Templar, a thirty-second degree Mason and a Shriner. 

Dr. Barr married, at Charleston. Laura, daughter of \\'arwick B. and 
Mrginia ( Alitchell) Spencer, both born in \nrginia. ?^Irs. Barr was born 
at Hockingport, Ohio, but received her education in Charleston. W'est A'ir- 
ginia, to which town her parents had removed while she was still a 
child. 'Sir. Spencer had been engaged in the wholesale produce trade in 
Charleston, for a number of vears prior to his death in that town, in 
1906. With his father he made the attempt to cross the prairies in 1849, 
in a "prairie schooner", in order to go to California: but his father. 
Jonathan Spencer, died while on the way. His son interred him in the 
wilderness, planting small spruce shoots around the lonely grave, which 
have now grown into stately trees. ^Mrs. Spencer lives in Charleston, 
and is a devout member of the Baptist church. Children of Dr. and Mrs. 
Barr: Charles H.. born August 14. 1904: Walter Bradford. August 10, 
T9ofi: Robert Spencer. October 11. 191 1. 



92 WEST \IRGIN1A 

William A. Haley was born in the state of Virginia, and 
HALEY late in life removed with his family to Kentucky, where 
his last years were spent. He married Mary Allen, also 
a native of Virginia. They had six children. 

(II) Rev. Littleberry J. Haley, son of WilUam A. and Mary (Allen) 
Haley, was born in Virginia. He is now living in retirement on his farm in 
Louisa county, Virginia, on Elk creek. He became a student at Rich- 
mond College, from which he was graduated with the degree of Master 
of Arts, then matriculated at the LJniversity of Virginia. He would un- 
doubtedly have been graduated from this institution, with the highest 
honors, had not the breaking out of the war between the states closed 
the university and cut short his successful career in it. He became a 
minister in the Baptist church, where his brilliant mental attainments 
made him a leader in the denomination. After forty years of active min- 
istration in his calling, he retired to farm life. The public atl'airs of his 
state and country commanded much of his attention, and for a time he 
served as member of the legislature of the state of Virginia, and for a 
period of twenty years held the office of county superintendent of schools. 
Rev. Mr. Haley married Mary Long, a native of Spottsylvania county, 
\'irginia. Children: i. Nannie, married Dr. George H. Cook. 2. Fan- 
nie, deceased, married W. W. Boxley. 3. William A., a railroad con- 
tractor living at Clifton Forge, Virginia; married Champ Bumpass, and 
has five children. 4. Littleberry J., engaged in the practice of law at 
Birmingham, Alabama, where he also resides. 5. Dr. Jeter G., de- 
ceased ; was engaged in medical practice in Hinton, West Virginia ; sur- 
\-ived by his widow and three children. 6. John Long, a farmer in North- 
ampton county, Virginia ; married Anna Thomas. 7. John C, a railroad 
contractor living at Salem, Virginia ; married Flossie Chisholm, and 
has one son. 8. Dr. Peter A., of whom further. 

(III) Dr. Peter A. Haley, youngest child of Rev. Littleberry J, and 
Mary (Long) Haley, was born in Louisa county, \^irginia, September 20, 
1874. His elementary education was acquired in the public and high schools, 
after which he matriculated at William and Mary College, at Williams- 
burg, Virginia, later becoming a student at the University College of 
Medicine at Richmond, Virginia, from which institution he was gradu- 
ated in 1899, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He immediately en- 
gaged in the active practice of his profession, having selected Hinton, 
West Virginia, as a suitable town for this purpose, and remained there 
until 1903, when he removed to Charleston, West Virginia, in which 
city he has since that time been established. He has made a special study 
of the diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, and has become an au- 
thority in this branch of medical practice. He is a member of the Free 
and Accepted Masons and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
He also belongs to the board of council of the State Medical Associa- 
tion ; is a member of the national, state and county associations, and is 
connected with a number of other prominent medical organizations. He 
and his wife are members of the Baptist church. 

Dr. Haley married in Caroline county, Virginia, Lula Mahon, a native 
of that countv, daughter of Joseph and Lizzie fButler) Mahon. Chil- 
dren: William Allen and John Bagbv. 



Joseph Falone was a native of Corsica. In early man- 
F.\Lr)NE hood he decided that the new world ofifered better facili- 
ties for advancement than the old. He accordingly came 
to this countr\- with his wife, remaining but a short time in New York, 
then taking up ri'^-iileiicc in Cincinnati. He is still activeh- engaged in 



WEST \"IR(.IXIA 93, 

business there and is highly respected in the community. He was mar- 
ried in Italy to Alarcellina Rossano, born in Rosina, Italy, died in Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, leaving an only son. She was a daughter of the famous 
sculptor and engraver, Rossano, whose works have been greatly admired, 
one being a fine statue of the Madonna in the cathedral at Milan, Italy. 

(11) Louis J., son of Joseph and Marcellina (Rossano) Falone, was 
born in New York City, October 10, 1876. His education was acquired 
in the public and parochial schools of his native city, and he early dis- 
played a bright and intelligent mind. It had been the desire of his father 
that he should establish himself in the clothing trade, and he was appren- 
ticed to learn it. This line of business did not, however, appeal to him, 
mining operations appearing to afford better opportunities, and being 
more in accord with his tastes and inclinations. In order to carry out 
his ideas he pursued the technical course of studies carried on under the 
auspices of the International Correspondence School, at Scranton, Penn- 
sylvania, becoming a proficient mining engineer. As a means of recrea- 
tion in contrast to his arduous studies he had become interested in base- 
ball, soon became an expert player, and thus had opportunities opened 
to him, which enabled him to make his name well known in the annals 
of baseball history. For some seasons he played with independent teams, 
then all through the season of 1902 was kept busy with an offer made 
him in the city of Charleston. Before becoming so closely indentified with 
baseball work, Mr. Falone had been assistant head usher in the Grand 
Theatre, Cincinnati, Ohio, for a period of ten years, and was an active 
member of the Cincinnati Gymnasium and the Athletic Association for 
seven years. After his successful season of 1902, Mr. Falone decided 
to retire permanently from the strenuous exertions of the baseball field, 
and engage in another line of business. Selecting the Arcade building, 
Qiarleston, West Virginia, as a suitable location, he opened a cigar store, 
and met with immediate success. This became so marked that it seemed 
advisable to extend his operations, and he added a pool table and room 
to his store in 1906, increasing the accommodations two years later. His 
patronage is a large and lucrative one, and he is ready to adopt all feasi- 
ble new ideas which tend to the welfare and comfort of his patrons, his 
own personality being not the least attraction of his place. Mr. Falone 
owns some valuable real estate in Charleston. His friends are numerous 
and he is connected with a number of associations, among them the 
Knights of Columbus and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
of Charleston. Mr. Falone is a devoted Roman Catholic, the teachings 
of which denominatirin wire iu'-tillcd into him in ^■(lUtl^. 

He married Dorotln- Edinunds, a native of C)hio. 



The Humphreys family has been well known in 
HUMPHREYS Kanawha county. West Mrginia, for many years, 

some members having been leaders in business and 
financial matters, and held in high esteem in affairs of public interest. 
The family came from Virginia originally, and two generations have now 
resided in Kanawha county. 

(T) James Spicer Humphreys was born near Charlottesville, Albe- 
marle county, Virginia, died at his home in Charleston, West \^irginia, 
July 10, 1912. In early manhood he settled at Sissonville. Kanawha 
county, where he was occupied as a carpenter for some years. He was, 
however, possessed of excellent executive ability, and it was not a very 
long time before he engaged in business as a contractor, in which line of 
industry he met with deserved success. Subsequently he became inter- 
ested in mercantile business, continuing in this until about twenty years 



94 



WEST \IRGINIA 



prior to his death, when he retired from active business hfe. For a 
number of years he and his wife resided with their son, Albert ]., where 
lie devoted much time to reading. He was an earnest student of history 
and a deep thinker. Fair-minded and deHberate in his judgment, his ad- 
vice was sought by friends and acquaintances, and his opinions carried 
weight throughout the community. While he never aspired to holding 
public office, he was a stanch supporter of Democratic principles, and 
his religious affiliations were with the Methodist Episcopal church south. 
Mr. Humphreys married Cynthia Martin, also a member of the South 
Methodist Episcopal church, who is now in her seventy-fourth year, 
and resides with her son. 

( II ) Albert J., son of James Spicer and Cynthia ( Martin ) Hum- 
phreys, was born in Poca district, Kanawha county, West Virginia, Jan- 
uary 9, 1863. He acquired his elementary education in the public free 
schools, and then became a student at the State Normal School, at Leb- 
anon, Ohio. Coming to Charleston, about 1890, he engaged in business, 
and his father, James S. Humphreys, located in Charleston about two 
years later. Here he acquired a thorough knowledge of mercantile 
affairs in all branches, and his foresight and business acumen soon 
placed him in the foremost rank, a position he has had no difficulty in 
maintaining. His active mind was not, however, satisfied with one field 
of endeavor, and banking affairs soon engaged his attention. He is at 
present vice-president and managing director of the Elk Banking Com- 
pany, of Charleston, West Virginia, an institution which was called into 
life in 1904, by himself in association with Harrison B. Smith, its 
president. Its capitalization is fifty thousand dollars, its surplus ten 
thousand dollars, and its deposits amount to more than two hundred 
thousand dollars. From its inception this business enterprise has run 
a successful course, with a constantly increasing amount of business, 
and they now own the building in which their offices are located, at the 
corner of Tennessee avenue and Charleston street. In public matters 
Mr. Humphreys has been a very able worker, having served two terms 
as a member of the city council, two years as a member of the city board 
of aft'airs, and held the office of vice-president of the latter body. His 
progressive views, combined with careful and deliberate consideration 
of every question of importance, have won for him the good opinion of 
those best able to judge in the community. In political matters he is 
a Democrat, and his fraternal affiliations are with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and the Knights of Pythias, having attained the high- 
est branch in the last named organization. 

Mr. Humphreys married Gertrude, born in Kanawha county, a 
daughter of ex-Judge Leroy and Lethia (Keeney) Harless, both mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church. Ex-Judge Harless resided and 
died, October 5, 191 1, in Charleston, where his wife died in 1894. Mrs. 
Humphreys is also a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 



Representatives of both sides in the civil war controversy 
WARTH appear in the family history of Henry Clay Warth. 

( I ) Robert A. Warth, the first member of the family of 
whom we have definite information, was a native \"irginian, born at New- 
ton, Roane county, now in West ^^irginia, and living in Jackson county. 
West Virginia, until his death at the age of ninety-two years. Although a 
farmer he also had a large cooper's shop. One of his sons, Charles, made 
a record in the army of the Confederacy, and received wounds in battle 
while under the command of General "Stonewall" Jackson. 

(II) John A. \\'arth, son of Robert A. Warth, was also a child of 



WEST VIRGINIA 95 

Virginia, born about 1847. He moved to Warth's Ijcittuni, Jackson 
county, and later to Gallipolis Ferry, Mason county, West \'irginia, 
after the separation of the states. He is still living on his estate, a 
farmer, at the age of sixty-five years. He married Anna Starcher, born 
in Virginia, and now ( 1913) fifty-six years of age, daughter of William 
Starcher, a school teacher, who died, aged sixty-six years, at Logan, 
Ohio. Mr. Starcher's young manhood was dedicated to the Union 
cause, and he survived to serve with the armies of General U. S. Grant 
all through the long and bitter contest of 1861-1865. Mr. and ]\Irs. 
Warth have had four children, all yet living: Myrtle, born about 1876, 
married William Hall, and resides at Ocean \'iew, Mrginia ; Henry Clay, 
of whom further; Arthur, born about 1882, a veterinary surgeon, lives 
at Liberty, Missouri ; Mar}- Belle, unmarried, a teacher at Pottsville. 
Pennsylvania. 

(Ill) Henry Clay Warth. son of John A. Warth, was born on his 
father's farm, February 11, 1878. After attending the county schools, 
he desired further education and therefore, in 1896, came to Hunting- 
ton to attend I\Iarshall College, where he was graduated in 1900. A 
further course of study at Oberlin College, Ohio, brought him the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1905, and that of Bachelor of Laws 
was conferred in 1907 by the L^niversity of Virginia. Removing to 
Huntington he first took as his law partner Herbert Fitzpatrick, with 
whom he opened an office, but in 1908 the agreement was dissolved, and 
Mr. Warth practiced law one year independently, after which he entered 
into a partnership with C. W\ Lively, which continued until 191 1, when 
Mr. Lively moved from Huntington to Oklahoma. On July i, 191 1, Mr. 
Warth joined forces with F. \^'. AlcCullough, under the firm name of 
Warth & McCullough. which firm is still in existence, their offices being 
located in the Parsons Building, on Third avenue. 

Such a progressive man as ]\Ir. Warth is necessarily interested in 
many different lines. He is president of the financial institution in West 
Huntington, known as the Central Banking Company, whose constantly 
increasing deposits now amount to one hundred thousand dollars. The 
many factories in that part of the city bring it large patronage. !\Ir. Warth 
is also president of the ]\Iutua! Land Company of Huntington. The 
Democratic party is favored by Mr. Warth's support, and in spite of the 
fact that the community is a Republican stronghold at the fall election of 
1912. Mr. Warth was elected to the West Virginia state legislature from 
Cabell county. His religious denomination is the Congregational : he is a 
member of the Order of Elks, and of the legal fraternity. Delta Chi. 

Henry Clay Warth, married. July 18, 1899, in Huntington, Ruth Par- 
sons, a daughter of \"ermont. who has lived ever since babyhood in West 
Virginia. Her father was one of Huntington's leading men, Chester F. 
Parsons, who died aged seventy-three, in 189.S. He was a public-spirited 
man, a philanthropist, who made his fortune in wholesale and retail 
hardware. Mrs. Warth's mother, Mandana S. Parsons, died April 26. 
1912, at the age of eighty-two, Henry King Warth. the only child of 
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Clay Warth. was born .\ugust 30. 1906. 



This family is of German origin and was for many years 
STOLLE prominent in business in Brunswick, Germany. The first 

of this family to settle in West Alrginia was Edward C. 
Stolle, who was born in Brunswick, Germany, in 181 2. For some time 
he studied for the Catholic priesthood, but becoming interested in other 
matters he gave up his studies and learned the jewelers' trade. In 1852 
he came to this country and worked at his trade in Baltimore, Maryland, 



96 WEST VIRGINIA 

until 1854, when he located in Charleston, West A'irginia, opening a 
jewelry business on Kanawha street, where the hotel St. Albert is now- 
located. He continued in business until his death, April 20, 1887, having 
changed his location to No. 11 Summer street. In 1856 he went to Germany 
for his family, returning in October of the same year. He was one of 
the most prominent business men of Charleston, and highly respected 
for his integrity and thrift. He married Augusta Schmitt, a native of 
Brunswick, Germany, who died in Charleston., West Virginia, November 
29, 1895. Fourteen children were born to them of whom eleven died at 
an early age. The children surviving were: Mary, Gustave and Agnes, 
who reside in Charleston. 

jMary, eldest daughter of Edward C. and Augusta Schmitt Stolle, 
married Anton Wurlitzer, of Cincinnati, Ohio, and she is now deceased. 
She had a daughter, Emma, who married A' ictor Tischler ; they have 
three children, one son and two daughters : Edna. Verie and Anton. 

Gustave, son of Edward C. and Augusta (Schmitt) Stolle, was born 
in Brunswick, Germany, March 25, 1844. He attended the public and 
private schools of his native city, and located in Charleston, West Vir- 
ginia, in 1856 ; and in the same year became a partner of his father in 
the jewelry business under the firm name of Stolle & Son one of the old- 
est business concerns in the city. Since his father's death he has contin- 
ued the business alone. He is a member of the Lutheran church, and in 
politics is a Republican. He is a member of Fernbank Lodge, No. 155, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and has served as its past grand ; 
also to Kanka Lodge, No. 26, Knights of Pythias, being past chancellor, 
and to the Encampment of the same order of which he is past chief 
patriarch. He married at Jackson, Ohio, October 24, 1870, Kate, daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Catherine (Flaherty) Manning. She was born near 
Richmond, \'irginia, in 1848, and removed with her parents to Charles- 
ton, West \'irginia, in 1861. 



Arthur Burke Koontz. a practicing lawyer at the Kana- 
K("^OXTZ wha county bar, residing in Charleston, born in Nicholas 

county, West \'irginia, January 29, 1885, was son of John 
and Alice (Groves) Koontz, and is of German descent. His grandfather, 
James Koontz, the first of the name in West \'irginia, settled in Green- 
brier (now Nicholas) county, coming from Pennsylvania, the former 
home of his wife, Rebecca Longanecker. Besides John, the father of Ar- 
thur B. Koontz, they had several other children : Samuel, died at St. 
Albans, West \'irginia : Middleton, a farmer in Nicholas county ; Allen, 
died while traveling by boat from St. Louis to Maiden ; Hannah, married 
Willis Nichols, now deceased, whom she survives, living near Zela, 
Nicholas county; Sarah, married Donally Van Bibber, whom she sur- 
vives, a widow; Eliza, deceased, married John Legg; Jeanette, married 
Anthony Rader, of Nicholas county. 

John, son of James Koontz, was born T^'cbruary 10, 1835, and died 
July 4, 191 1. He was an influential citizen and business man of Nicholas 
county, where he lived all his days. He was a Democrat in politics, and 
served as sheriff one term. He married Alice, daughter of John and 
Catherine (Duffy) Groves. Her parents, lived, on a farm in Nicholas 
county; their children, besides Alice (Groves) Koontz were: David, died 
in Nicholas county ; John, elected several times from Nicholas county to 
the West Virginia assembly ; Alfred, a farmer and school teacher, now 
living at Huntington, West \'irginia ; Mary, married .Alexander Dunbar, 
living at Kessler's Cross Lanes, now a widow ; Elizabeth, married Nathan 
Neil, now a widow anfl living near Drennen ; Belle, married Rev. G. W. 



WEST MRGIXIA 97 

Young, D. D.. of Louisville, Kentucky, who has done important work in 
connection with the National Anti-Saloon League for fourteen years, 
and of which he is now the secretary. 

The children of Mr. and Airs. John Koontz were: i. Louis Kossuth, 
at one time a manufacturer in Pittsburgh, then connected with mines in 
Goldfield, Nevada, where he lives ; he married Ada Halstead. 2. Dr. 
James William, who graduated from Kentucky School of Medicine, now 
a practicing physician at Greenville, Kentucky: married Martha Frey, of 
Owensboro, Kentucky. 3. Luther \"aughn, president of First National 
Bank of Clendenin, \\est Mrginia, and connected with many Kanawha 
county business enterprises : married Edith, daughter of David F. Os- 
borne. 4. Arthur Burke, of whom further. 5. Patrick Duffy, now at 
the L'niversity of Michigan, Ann Arbor, JMichigan. 6. Rouena Cath- 
erine, married Dr. A. L. Alorris, and is now deceased. 7. Lulu Maude 
lives at home : a teacher. 8. .-\da Blanche, lives at home : a teacher, g. 
Gertrude, married L. S. Tulley, and is now deceased. All of this family, 
except Arthur Burke, have been teachers in the public schools. 

Arthur Burke Koontz received his first instruction under the tutelage 
of his elder brother Luther V. Koontz, who was then a teacher in Nicho- 
las county. He afterwards attended the Summersville school, and later 
entered Marshall College, where he graduated in 1907. The same year 
he entered Yale University, and was graduated from the law department 
in 1910. In January. 191 1, he opened a law office in the Alderson-Ste- 
phen building in Charleston. He is a member of Phi Alpha Delta law 
fraternity. 



William Magoon, the first member of this family about 
MAGOON whom we have definite information, was born in Cana- 
ada, and also died in Canada, at the age of ninety. He 
was a lumberman. Child : William R., of whom further. 

(II) William R., son of William Magoon, was born November 22, 
1834. He was in the lumber business, but retired twenty-five years ago, 
and now lives at Manistee, Manistee county, Michigan. He is a great 
reader. He married Eliza Jane, born March 3, 1839, and living (1913) 
at Manistee, daughter of Edward Secor. Her father was in the banking 
and produce business at Racine, Wisconsin, where he died at the age of 
sixty. Children: i. Henry Walton, born in 1857, died in January, 1908. 
2. Olive Qarissa, born September 5, 1859, died May 26, 1892; married 
G. M. Ramsdell : children: James Walter, born December 23, 1881 ; 
Frank M., born January 21, 1884: Harry N., born February 15, 1887: 
Clara Lucile, born January 22, 1889. 3. William Wallace, of whom 
further. 4. Edith A., born May 22, 1864, died May 27, 1884. 5. Emily 
R., born January 18, 1866: married J. V. Mcintosh, lives at Traverse 
City, Michigan, child: Donald A., born February 26, 1894. 6. Arthur, 
born July 20, 1868, died June 20, 1894. 7. Eliza Jane, born February 
20, 1871 ; married T. B. Jones, lives at i\Ianistee ; children: Marion R., 
born August 19, 1892; Harry N., born June 24, 1894; Helen Elizabeth, 
born November 18, 1902. 

(III) William Wallace, son of William R. and Eliza Jane (Secor) 
Magoon, was born at Manistee, Michigan, March 31, 1862. He attended 
the public school at Manistee. For seven years he was in mercantile life 
at this place, being manager of a general supply store, dealing in meats 
flour, hay, etc., in carload lots. Having worked formerly six years in 
the lumber woods, driving teams, he now left the mercantile business, and 
became manager of a lumber camp in Kentucky, cutting, drawing, and 
marketing the lumber for Michigan parties. This continued three years, 

7 



08 WEST MRGINIA 

until, ill 1891, he came to Huntington, West Virginia, and built the fac- 
tory now owned by the Central Veneer Company, but originally intended 
for an excelsior plant. In September of the following year he entered the 
employment of the Consolidated Light and Railway Company, as book- 
keeper. He remained with them till 1900, being promoted to the position 
of superintendent, and finally to that of secretary and general manager. 
When he first entered their employment, nothing but horse-cars were 
operated. In 1904 he went to Cincinnati, with the great lumber concern 
of C. Crane & Company, as their sales manager. In 1907 he returned to 
Huntington, and assumed the general management of the Ohio Valley 
Electric Railway Company and subsidiary companies. He has rebuilt 
the entire property. Mr. Magoon is also a stockholder in the First 
National Bank. He is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. In politics he is a Republican. He is a member of the First 
Presbyterian Church. He married, at Maysville, Mason county, Ken- 
tucky, in 1892, Claudia, daughter of Josiah and Hannah (McMath) 
Webb, who was born at Moscow, Clermont county, Ohio. Her father 
w'as an old steamboat captain on the Ohio river, and owner of packets ; 
he died in 1901 ; his grandfather was a general in the revolution. Her 
mother, Hannah (McMath) Webb, is now (1913) living at Vanceburg, 
Lewis county, Kentucky, and has reached the age of seventy- four. Mr, 
and Mrs. Magoon have no children. 



The name Valentine is said to mean robust, powerful 
\'ALENTINE showing the same root as the Latin valeo. This name 

was used by the ancient Romans ; a saint and a pope 
have borne it ; and its derivative, A^alentinian, was the name of three 
Roman emperors. It is found in almost all countries of southern and 
central Europe : in these countries it appears both as a Christian name 
and as a surname. Basil Valentin, a medieval monk and alchemist, 
among other claims to fame, was the discoverer of antimony. In the 
United States this name, though not common, is widely spread. There 
are three comparatively large families in this country, and other Valen- 
tines not connected with any of these. It is possible that the lineage of all 
may meet, in the early Middle Ages, in Holland or Germany ; the Irish 
Valentines have a family tradition of Dutch origin, about six centuries 
ago. 

(I) Valentine, the first member of this family about whom we 

have definite information, lived in Jessamine county, Kentucky, and died 
suddenly of cholera at the age of fifty. Child : Richard, of whom further. 

(II) Rev. Richard Valentine, son of A^alentine, was born in 

Jessamine county. November 8, 1823, died in 1908. For fifty-two years 
he was a preacher, mostly in Kentucky. During the war he was minister 
of the First Presbyterian Church, Lexington, Fayette county, Kentucky. 
In each of the Presbyterian congregations of that city, there was a seri- 
ous division of sentiment in regard to the issues of the war; in 1869 the 
matter was settled by a readjustment, those from each congregation who 
favored the Union, of whom Mr. Valentine was one of the leaders, form- 
ing one congregation, and those who had favored the South another, 
the ministers all resigning, to leave the field clear for harmonious re- 
arrangement. The last ten years of his life Mr. \'alentine lived in Hunt- 
ington, Cabell county. West Virginia. He married Sallie W., daughter 
of William J. Smith, who was born at Newcastle, Henry county, Ken- 
tucky, in 1826, and died in April, 1904. Her father was born about 1780, 
and died in 1865. He was a large landowner of Henry county and a 
slaveholder; he was engaged in stock-raising, and was the first president 



WEST MRGINIA 



99 



of the railroad from Lexington to Louisville, which road passed through 
one thousand acres of his land. Children of Rev. Richard and Sallie W. 
(Smith) \'alentine: Hallie \'., married William Holderby, resides at 
Huntington : Lida. married James E. Johnson, resides at Huntington : 
Martha B., resides at Huntington: John Watson, of whom further; 
Mamie, married D. L. Hunter, resides at Maysville, Kentucky ; Katie, 
married Harry Parker, resides at Georgeton, Ohio : Fannie, married Wil- 
liam Stephens, resides at Georgeton, Ohio ; Beatrice, deceased, married 
R. A. Jack. 

(HI) John Watson, son of Rev. Richard and Sallie W. (Smith) 
Valentine, was born at Newcastle, Kentucky, June 24, i860. His early 
education was received at Lexington, to which place his parents removed 
when he was seven years old. At Augusta, Bracken county, Kentucky, 
in 1876, his parents having then moved to that place, he became clerk in 
a dry goods store, in which position he remained until he was twenty- 
cne. In 1882 he came to Huntington, and entered the employment of 
Harmason, Jack & Company, as a clerk in their general drygoods store. 
Six years later he formed a partnership with Thomas S. Garland, to deal 
in dry goods, under the firm name of Garland & Valentine. Withdraw- 
ing in 1894, he opened the J. W. Valentine & Company general dry- 
goods store : two years later he went into partnership with W. H. New- 
comb, under the name of Valentine & Newcomb ; and in the following 
January he went alone, as The J. W. Valentine Company. In October, 
191 1, the present firm. The Valentine-Crow Company, was formed. Thus 
Mr. Valentine has been for thirty-five years engaged in business, and 
thirty years of this period have been passed at Huntington. When he 
came here the population of Huntington was only thirty-five hundred. 
His store is the largest in West Virginia, and has a very high-class trade, 
being of a thoroughly metropolitan character. It occupies five floors, 
forty thousand dollars is invested, and thirty people are employed. Mr. 
Valentine is already regarded as a business pioneer. He is also president 
of the Thornburg Manufacturing Company, manufacturers of house fin- 
ishings, doors, frames, etc., at Huntington ; and he has some profitable 
oil and gas interests. He is a Republican, and a member of the Presby- 
terian church. He married, at Augusta, Kentucky, January 28, 1885, 
Darling, daughter of James W. and Elizabeth (Marshall) Armstrong, 
who was born and brought up at Augusta. Her father, who died about 
twenty-five years ago, was a wholesale and retail grocer ; his widow sur- 
vived him by ten years. Mr. and Mrs. Valentine have no children. 



A person of distinction professionally, and politically, is 
HOLT Judge John Herrimon Holt, being a Bachelor of Laws of 

"Georgetown LTniversity, a Master of Laws of Yale, the son 
of a jurist, and himself a successful practitioner of the state for nearly 
twenty-five years. Important enough to have been the Democratic nomi- 
nee for governor of West Virginia, and a candidate for the United States 
senate, thus, a notable of the state. He comes of good old West Virginia 
descent. 

(I) Jonathan Holt, his grandfather, was born in West Virginia, in 
1789, when it was still part of the "Old Dominion." He died at the 
age of eighty-eight years, at West Mil ford, Harrison county. His life 
was devoted to preaching the gospel, his faith being that of Wesley. He 
married -, and had a son, Homer A. 

(II) Judge Homer A. Holt, son of Jonathan Holt, was born at 
Parkersburg, Virginia, in 1832, died about 1903. He made his home at 
Lewisburg, Greenbrier county, this state, and was a prominent lawyer 



loo WEST VIRGINIA 

there. He was made judge of the circuit for a period of about sixteen 
years, and a judge of the supreme court of appeals for six years, making 
a total of over twenty-two years on the bench. His first appointment 
was received from Governor Fleming, who designated him to fill out 
the unexpired term of Judge Snyder. He was a man of property and 
fortune, owning slaves, but wah liberal-minded enough to set them free. 
His sentiments were, however, southern. Accordingly, we find him a 
supporter of the "lost cause" and bearing arms in its defense. He was 
m the Sixteenth Virginia Cavalry, in the confederate service, and was 
injured at Gettysburg. He was twice taken prisoner, being con- 
fined at one time in Camp Chase, and at another in Johnson's Island, both 
of which were trying experiences. He married Mary Byrne, born in 
Braxton county, Virginia, about 1836, daughter of John Byrne, a farmer 
of old \'irginia. JNIary (Byrne) Holt is still living at Lewisburg, a strong, 
aciivc, hardy woman, of the old-fashioned sort, still an excellent horse- 
back rider. Of their children, four in number, three are living: i. John 
Herrimon, of whom further. 2. Fannie, married O. M. Wiatt, and de- 
parted this life ten years ago. 3. Robert B., a farmer, banker and promi- 
nent citizen of Lewisburg. 4. Nina, married Judge Charles Dice, who 
presides over the circuit court of Greenbrier and Pocahontas counties. 

(Ill) Judge John Herrimon Holt, son of Judge Homer A. Holt, was 
born in Sutton, Braxton county, Virginia, August 10, i860. He was 
educated, as to preliminaries, in the local schools of his birthplace, and 
later went to Randolph-Macon College in old Virginia. From that in- 
stitution he went to the University of Virginia, and there studied law, 
passing thence to Georgetown College and later to Yale, where he finally 
attained the rank of M. L. He began legal practice as one of the firm of 
Frame & Holt, in Wheeling, West Virginia. In 1890 he settled in Hunt- 
ington, and has made his home there and maintained an office ever since. 
He began as one of the law firm of Campbell & Holt, and so continued 
for twelve years. The firm of Campbell, Holt & Duncan was then 
formed, and in 1904 the present firm of Holt & Duncan, which has a 
numerous and profitable clientele. Judge Holt is a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, having been admitted as such in August, 191 1. In poli- 
tics a Democrat, he was nominated on their ticket as candidate for the 
state board of appeals, but was defeated. He was also nominee for 
governor of the state, and also for the United States senate. In religious 
faith he is an Episcopalian. 

He married, at W'heeling. West \'irginia, in 1888, Effie Ewing, a na- 
tive of that city. Her father, Dallas Ewing, now deceased, was a promi- 
nent lawyer of that place, and married Emeline Anderson, who is still 
living at Wheeling, aged seventy years. Children: i. Homer E., gradu- 
ate of the University of Maryland, with the degree of LL.B. ; admitted 
to practice in the courts of the state, November, 1912; now a member of 
the firm of Holt, Duncan & Holt. 2. Dorcas, educated at the Academy 
of Mount Notre Dame. Reading, Ohio. 3. Helen, an attendant at that 
institution. 4. Klea, an attendant at the same institution. 



The family tradition is that three brothers came 

BUFFINGTON from Whales, one settled in Pennsylvania, one on 

the south bank of the Potomac river and one near 

Parkersburg, Virginia, on what is known as Buffington Island. Richard 

Buffington, the founder of this family, was born about 1654, and died 

in January or February, 1747-8. In 1667 he was at Upland, Delaware 

county, Pennsylvania. He married (first) Ann -, (second) Frances, 

widow of John Grubb, (third) Alice Palmer, who survived him. Chil- 



>1^ 




^i//f^^ 



WEST VIRGINIA loi 

dren: Ann, married Benjamin Hickman; Ruth, married Ezekiel Harlan; 
Richard, died in 1741, married Phebe Grubb ; Thomas, died in December, 

1739, married (first) Ruth Cope, (second) Ann ; William, said to 

have died without issue, therefore probably not the Mrginia settler; 
John, married Sarah Arnold : Hannah, married Jeremiah Dean ; Mary, 
married Charles Turner; Elizabeth, died in 1748-9, married (first) Peter 
Collins, (second) John Freeman; Lydia, married George ^lartin ; Abi- 
gail, born in September, 1721, died in April, 1813, married (first) Ed- 
ward Seed, (second) David Fling; Joseph, died November 17, 1785; 

Alice, died July 19, 1775, married (first) McArthur, (second) James 

Hance. 

(I) William, probably a descendant of Richard Buffington, came 
from Pennsylvania, and settled in Hampshire county, Virginia, before 
1757. His will was dated in March, 1784, and recorded in August of 
the same year. He purchased of Captain John Savage, in 1772, his in- 
terest in the Savage grant, of Virginia. He married ^lary . Chil- 
dren: Joel; Thomas, of whom further; William; David; Richard; Jo- 
nathan, whose family, except perhaps one child, was massacred and he 
himself was kept captive many years by the Indians ; Susanna ; Ruth ; 
Mary. 

(II) Thomas, son of William and Mary Bufiington, was born in 
1751, and died in 1836. He was a surveyor. He built on the point, just 
below the Guyandotte. He married, in 1775. Ann Cline. Of their twelve 
children, only five reached maturity : William, of whom further ; Thomas, 
died unmarried ; Susan, died young, married Martin Hull ; Rebecca, mar- 
ried John Russell ; James, married Eleanor Lane, moved to Ohio. 

(III) William, son of Thomas and Ann (Cline) Buffington, was 
born in 1787, and died in 1858. He was a farmer and large landowner, 
having slaves. In his younger days he was also a surveyor. He served 
as a colonel in the militia. He married Nancy, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Mary Scales, who was born in North Carolina, in 1795, and died in 
1882. Children: Peter Cline, of whom further; Amanda, born in 1816, 
died in 1873, married Michael Tierman ; William Henry, born in 1818, 
died in 1899; Dr. Thomas J., born in 1821 ; Mary Jane, born in 1824, 
died in 1886. married William H. Hagan : James H., born in 1829; Dr. 
John N., born in 1832, died in 1878, married (first) ;\Iaria Thompson, 
(second) Julia Garland. 

(IV) Peter Cline, son of William and Nancy (Scales) Buffington, 
was born in Guyandotte. Cabell county, Mrginia, in September, 1814, 
died .\pril 18, 1875. He attended Kenyon College, Ohio, and was a 
landowner and surveyor. .^11 the land between Seventeenth and Twenty- 
fourth streets, in Huntington, West \'irginia, was formerly part of his 
farm. He organized, and was president of until his death, the Bank of 
Huntington, now the Huntington National Bank. In 1864 he was elected 
to the state legislature. When Huntington was incorporated as a city he 
was the first mayor. He was also commissioner of forfeited and delin- 
quent lands. In all public aflfairs he was active. He enlisted in the For- 
est Hill Regiment, Confederate Army, and was appointed quartermaster, 
and breveted colonel. He married (first) Eliza Stannard, widow of 
Colonel Nicholas Stannard. By her first marriage she had two children 
Columbia and Georgia Ella, both deceased. He married (second) Louisa 
Garland, who was born in Northumberland county. \'irginia, November 
28, 1841. Children, three by first, others by second marriage: i. Willie 
Anna, married W. B. Tennant. now lives in Richmond, a widow, and has 
three sons and two daughters, all living. 2. Eugenia, deceased ; married 
Henrv Baskerville, of Richmcind : son : Henrv. married, living in Rich- 



I02 WEST VIRGINIA 

mond. 3. Dr. E. S. 4. Garland. 5. Juliette, married F. B. Enslow, of 
Huntington. 6. Peter Cline (2), of whom further. 

(V) Peter Cline (2), son of Peter Cline (i) and Louisa (Garland) 
Buffington, was born on his father's farm, where the C. and O. Hospital 
now stands, August 6, 1868. Marshall College is also near this place. He 
attended Marshall Academy and Randolph-Macon College, Ashland, Han- 
over county, Virginia, having first prepared himself in the public schools. 
When he was twenty-one years old, he entered into the clothing business, 
in the firm of Northcott & Buffington ; after about five years he continued 
the same kind of business, as a member of the firm of Buffington Broth- 
ers & Gwynn, for three years ; thereafter, till 1896, as a member of the 
firm of Buffington, Shiveley & Company. Retiring from the clothing 
trade, he traveled for five years for the Lovell & Buffington Tobacco Com- 
pany, of Covington, Kentucky, of which his uncle, James H. Buffington, 
was founder. In May, 1905, he formed, with Charles W. Blair, the in- 
surance firm of Blair & Buffington, 412 Tenth street, Huntington; and 
this is his present occupation. Mr. Buffington was elected a member of 
the West Virginia state legislature and served during the sessions of 
191 1. He became a candidate for sheriff, nominated at the Democratic 
primaries, held in Huntington, June 14, 1912, and November 5, 1912, 
was elected to that office, taking office January i, 1913, for a period of 
four years. He is a member of the Beta Theta Pi, a college fraternity, 
the Royal Arcanum, the Modern Woodmen of America, the Modern 
Brotherhood of America, and several business orders. He is a Democrat. 
In religion he sympathizes with the Methodist Episcopal Qiurch, South. 
He married, at Athens, Georgia, November 21, 1896, Pauline, daughter 
of Dr. Hugh H. and Caro (Yancey) Harris, who was born and brought 
up at Athens. Her parents have both been some years deceased. Chil- 
dren : Caro Louise, born January 17, 1899. now attending !\Iarshall Col- 
lege: Peter Cline (3), born May 24. 1905. now^ attending the Emmons 
School. 



To those who know Huntington, \^'est Virginia, 
HARSHBARGER the name of Harshbarger has special significance. 

It represents to them the name of one of Hunt- 
ington's most enterprising and substantial men of business : also the name 
of one of the principal office holders, one now serving a second term in 
the office of sheriff' of Cabell county. 

The first of this Harshbarger stock to appear in this country- was Wil- 
liam Harshbarger, paternal grandfather of the sheriff. He was a Ger- 
man by birth and was drowned, many years ago, in Mud river, Cabell 
county. He was a farmer and blacksmith, one of the sturdy, robust 
Teutons who have done so much toward the settling and upbuilding of 
our country. Mr. Harshbarger's grandfather on the maternal side was 
James Garrett, a A'irginian. He was a farmer also ; he lived and died 
in Lincoln county, and passed away at the age of eighty-eight. 

Mr. Harshbarger's father was David Harshbarger, a farmer and flour 
mill man. He was born in Botetourt county. Virginia, October 11, 181 1, 
and died March 4, 1898. He must have been a man of some standing 
in his community for the records show him a candidate for sheriff. His 
wife was Mary J. Harshbarger. She also was a Virginian, and lived to 
be seventy-five years of age, dying in 1896. There were eight children in 
this family: Henry, Ellen, George W., Mary, Alice, Ira J., of whom 
further, Maggie J., and Sammie. Except Alice and Sammie, these all 
survive. Both father and mother had been married liefore ; the above 
includes onlv the children of their second uninn. 



WEST VIRGINIA 103 

Ira Jefferson Harshbarger was the sixth child of the above marriage. 
He was born at Barboursville. Cabell county, November 30, 1858. His 
father was then running the hotel at that place. \\'hcn he was four years 
of age, his father moved to the faim at what is now Ona Station, Cabell 
county. West \"irginia. Here he attended the county schools until he 
had reached the age of fifteen, ^\•hen the family moved to ^lilton, and 
there he finished his schooling. He worked on the farm then until he was 
twenty-one. His father then gave him an interest in the farm, and in the 
cattle-raising business. He continued thus engaged until he was thirty 
\-car- old, in 1888. Then he went into the flour mill business at Milton 
with a half-brother, John. Together they ran a model roller mill there 
fni a couple of years. Then George W., Ira's own brother, bought John 
<iui in 1900, and so the business continued two years more. The firm 
then became Harshbarger Brothers ; today it is the Harshbarger Mill 
Ci'mpan}-. The mill has been overhauled and is now entirely modern and 

In i8y8, Mr. Harshbarger took up the oil line as a side issue, so to 
speak, and it has brought him wealth. He leased some 6,500 acres of land 
and organized the Milton Oil & Gas Company. Then he went on and 
drilled three wells, and organized the Cabell Oil & Gas Company, which 
again was consolidated, in 1903, with the Harshbarger Oil & Gas Com- 
pany, a concern that had struck oil and gas. The Cabell company went in 
also' under his management, and drilled three wells. One of these turned 
out to be a gas well. He then drilled in the first oil well to south of the 
Little Kanawha river. Here a vast new and prolific territory was opened 
up. The Harshbarger company has drilled now some thirty wells, and 
has thus brought to ^Milton at least one thousand additional inhabitants. 
The Company has now fifteen producing oil wells, and eight producing 
gas wells. It is capitalized at $600,000, with Mr. Harshbarger as presi- 
dent and general manager of the company. He is a large stockholder, 
in the Harshbarger mill, which is capitalized at $50,000 paid in, and does 
a business of $250,000 a year. 

Mr. Harshbarger organized also, in 1903, the Bank of ]\Iilton. He is 
president of that institution and its heaviest stockholder. He is president 
too, of the Milton Drilling Company which does business to the amount 
of $75,000 annually. He is also president and practically sole owner of 
the Fought Oil & Gas Company, and is a very large owner of realty, both 
in Huntington and Alilton He has various other business concerns of im- 
portance, and is heavily interested in the First National Bank of Hunting- 
ton, also in Guinn Brothers' mill, and the H. R. Wiley China Company. 
He is a director of the Home Building Savings & Loan Company, presi- 
dent of the L'nited Investment & Loan Company, and is part owner in 
the Jackson ^Milling Company, of Jackson, Ohio. 

Mr. Harshbarger is a Knight of Pythias; by religious faith, of the 
Methodist persuasion; in politics, a staunch Republican. He is of note 
in the party as the holder of the most important public office of the coun- 
tv. that of sheriff, being as prominent in that regard, as he is in the world 
of business. He is now serving his second term of four years in this 
position. He married, in 1881, at Bridgeton, Indiana, Clara M, Crooks, 
daughter of Dr. James M. Crooks, now deceased. They have three chil- 
dren, as follows: Hattie L., born in 1882 ; Maude, born in 1886; and Har- 
rison M.. born in 1888. 



104 WEST VIRGIXIA 

The name Davis or Davies is Welsh, meaning originally 
DAVIS "son of David," thus being exactly equivalent to Davidson 

and Dawson. It is one of the most common names, both in 
Great Britain and in the United States. To trace all of this name to one 
stock would probably be impossible, as the name may well have been used 
in many different families having an ancestor named David. 

(I) Benjamin Davis, the first member of this family about whom we 
have definite information, was a farmer of Wayne county, Virginia, and 
owned a health spring, called the "Davis Spring." He took part in the 
battle of Point Pleasant. Child : Marshall, of whom further. 

(II) Marshall, son of Benjamin Davis, was born in Wayne county, 
about 1812, and died in i860. He resided in Wayne county, and was a 
farmer all his life. For a short time, also, he had a store at Wayne 
Court House, Wayne county. He married Mary J., daughter of William 
Morris, who was born in Wayne county before 1800, and died in 1878. 
Her father was born on the Kanawha river, and lived eighty-two years ; 
he married a sister of Rev. Mr. Burwell Spurlock, one of the famous 
Virginia preachers of his day, and whose family were prominent in politi- 
cal and business life. Children of Marshall and Mary J. (Morris) Davis : 
William M., living retired at West Huntington, West Virginia ; Valen- 
tine Beamer, of whom further ; Octavia, married Noah Adkins, a widow, 
living at Huntington ; Rebecca, married Simpson Ferguson, living in 
Wayne county, on a farm ; James, deceased : Sarah, deceased ; Allen, de- 
ceased : Almeda, deceased : Louisa, deceased ; Stephen ]\Iarshall. de- 
ceased : .Adelaide, deceased. 

(HI) Valentine Beamer, son of Marshall and Mary J. (Morris) 
Davis, was born at the old Davis homestead, Wayne county, Virginia. 
August 29, 1846. He had little opportunity of schooling, but attended 
to some extent, the schools available at that time which were not free. 
Until his marriage, he stayed on the farm, and also dealt in stock on his 
own account. He continued these lines of business after marriage, and 
still deals in stock, beside owning a farm ten miles south of Huntington. 
In 1871, he started a general store at Bowen, Wayne county, and he still 
holds an interest in this. He is thus the oldest merchant in the county. 
At various times he has run, at Bowen, a flour and corn mill, a sawmill, 
and a blacksmith shop, conducting all these simultaneously and under the 
same head. Twenty-seven years ago he established a meat market at 
Huntington, still maintaining his residence near Bowen. He removed to 
Huntington with his family eight years ago. His sons, Otis, Claude and 
Walter had already been fifteen years at Huntington, conducting the 
steadily growing business. The store, at first only a meat market, has 
developed into a meat and grocery store, and now there are three stores, 
two on Third avenue, and one on Ninth street. The business is the larg- 
est of its kind in the state ; meats are handled at wholesale, as well as at 
retail. Mr. Davis holds stock in the Union Savings Bank and the Hunt- 
ington Banking and Trust Company, also in a wholesale grocery estab- 
lishment in Cincinnati. He is a Democrat, and a member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, South. He married (first), in Wayne county. De- 
cember 29, 1864, Cynthia A., daughter of Jefiferson Bowen, who was 
born at Bowen in 1844, and died in 1907. Her family were the pioneers 
of this part of the state, and Bowen received its name from them. Be- 
fore the counties were divided as at present, her father acted as sheriff of 
the whole region, though her grandfather actually held the office. Jeffer- 
son Bowen lived to the age of fifty-eight. Mr. Davis married (second), 
at Guyandotte, Cabell county, June 27. icjoS. Nancy, daughter of \\'illiam 
Seamonds, who was born in Cabell county, in 1848. Her father, who 
died at the age of about fifty-eight, was a farmer in Cabell county. Chil- 



WEST VIRGINIA 105 

dren, all by first marriage: i. Walter, born in 1866, died in 1908: mar- 
ried Nannie Crump and had two children, Ada and Clarence. 2. Otis, 
born in 1867, now general manager of the store : married Emma Rosen- 
steel and has one child, Lillian. 3. Ida. deceased ; married G. H. Crump, 
of Huntington. 4. Claudius, born about 1874, married ?\Iaggie Blanch- 
ard : one child, Claude Austin. He is connected with the store. 5. 
Vaught, born in 1876, died in 1907. 



Charles William Tliornhurg's ancestry is the 
THORN BURG straightest American and West Virginian on both 
sides. His grandfather on the paternal side was 
David Thornburg, a farmer of Elm Grove, Ohio county. West Virginia, 
who died there at an advanced age. His father, Moses Sheppard Thorn- 
burg, was a farmer also, and a life-long resident of Elm Grove. He 
died in Cabell county. West Virginia, at the age of sixty-five, when 
Charles William Thornburg, the subject of this sketch was but three 
years old. His mother was Caroline Handley, born near Blue Sulphur 
Springs, Cabell county, and had reached the age of seventy-four when 
she died, April 25, 1900. Mr. Thornburg is one of a family of five chil- 
dren, of whom three are now living: Sallie, now Mrs. Moses Darling, of 
Miller's, Ohio; Lizzie R., now Mrs. G. R. Mayberry, of Guyandotte, 
Huntington ; and Charles William, of whom further. Those who are 
deceased are Handley and Fannie, both of whom died in infancy. 

Charles William Thornburg was born December 28, 1866, on the 
old Thornburg homestead, situated on Guyon river, in Cabell county, 
about a mile southwest of Barboursville. As a boy he attended the local 
schools, and later took a course at the Holbrook Institute, Lebanon, Ohio. 
When he had finished this course he found employment as a schoolmas- 
ter in Cabell county. This profession he followed for seven years, mak- 
ing his home at Guyandotte from the time he was eighteen years of age. 
His next employment was in the furniture line, with W. H. H. Holswade, 
with whom he remained for ten years. He then embarked in the insur- 
ance line, forming, for that purpose, a partnership with A. W. Wernin- 
ger, which lasted three, years. When this relation was dissolved, he con- 
nected himself with Cameron L. Thompson, in the same business. By 
the admission of a new member in 1909, the firm became Thompson, 
Thornburg & Watts. This firm takes a leading place in the insurance 
business of Huntington and surrounding towns. 

Mr. Thornburg is a Democrat in politics. He served three terms in 
the office of city clerk, while he lived at Guyandotte, and two terms of 
six vears each on the board of education there. He takes active part in 
fraternal affairs as a Mason, Knight Templar, and Shriner. He is past 
master of Western Star Lodge No. 11, Guyandotte and past eminent com- 
mander of Huntington Commandery No. 9, Knights Templar. He is a 
member of Johnson Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and 
is one of the trustees of that body and a member of the official board. 

I\Tr. Thornburg, married, September 5, 1893, at Culpeper, Virginia, 
Josephine Harris, of that place. Her father was T. B. Harris, who had 
been in the insurance line at Culpeper, from the time of the war between 
the states. He served in that war, in Pickett's Brigade, of the Confeder- 
ate army. Mrs. Thornburg's mother died when she was but an infant. 
The Thornburgs have two children, both living: Charles Irving, born Sep- 
tember II, i8(^: and Josephine, born November 6, uSqq. Both are now 
attendants at Marshall College, in Huntington. 



loTj WEST \ IRGINIA 

Samuel C. Walker was born in Frederick county, Vir- 
\\"ALKER ginia, and there spent his life. He married Elizabeth 
Streit, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth (Streit) Wilson, 
and granddaughter of the Rev. Christian and Susanna (Barr) Streit. 
Rev. Christian Streit was born in New Jersey, January, 1749, and was 
graduated from the college of Philadelphia in 1768. He studied theology 
under the preceptorship of the famous Lutheran minister. Rev. Peter 
.Aluhlenburg, of Philadelphia, and when the latter, in December, 1775, or- 
ganized the Eighth X'irginia Regiment, Christian Streit was commissioned 
its chaplain. He continued to serve as chaplain in the Continental army, 
until taken prisoner by the British at the surrender of Charleston, South 
Carolina, July, 1777. ]\Ir. and ;\Irs. Walker had children: Streit; Eliza- 
beth ; Samuel C, served as a private in the Union army, and is at present 
a government inspector at San Francisco, California, and has his perma- 
nent home in Barbour county. West Virginia ; Henry Streit, of whom 
further ; Allie, killed in battle while serving as a captain under General 
Early in the confederate army ; Charles ; Evelina, married John Smith, a 
prosperous and prominent farmer in Green county, Virginia. 

(H) Henry Streit, son of Samuel C. and Elizabeth Streit (Wilson) 
Walker, was born in Winchester, Frederick county, A'irginia, May 31. 
1840, died in 1891. His educational advantages were unusually excellent 
ones, as he attended institutions at Winchester and Morgantown, and 
then the Washington College, Pennsylvania. He was graduated as vale- 
dictorian of his class at the last-named institution, and was the recipient 
of the highest honors awarded there. For a time he studied law, then 
followed the natural bent of his inclinations, into the field of journalism, 
where his career was eminently successful. The JI' heeling Daily Regis- 
ter was then the leading Democratic organ of that section of the country, 
and in 1865, but two years after being graduated, he became its editor. 
When Charleston became the capital of Kanawha county he removed to 
that town, and for a period of ten years ably conducted the papers he 
had founded in the interests of his party. His brilliant mind was always 
in the van in all movements tending toward progress and, while a candi- 
date for legislative and congressional honors in 1875, 1878 and 1880, he 
only failed of election because of internal dissensions in his party. His 
influence on public affairs, however, was strong and wide-spread, and 
turned the tide of battle in many an important issue. He served as pub- 
lic printer for West Virginia in 1871-2. In 1885 he was appointed sec- 
retary of the state for West Virginia, under Governor Wilson, where he 
served one year over his full term, retiring with honor and distinction, 
March 3, 1889. Public education was one of the numerous interests 
which were greatly benefited by the attention given them by Mr. Walker, 
and he served as a member of the board of regents of the West Virginia 
University for a period of thirteen years. The cultivation of his valua- 
ble farm in Virginia occupied the greater part of his time during later 
years, and he paid especial attention to the growing of fine stock. 

Mr. Walker married, 1868, Emma, born in Wetzel county. West Vir- 
ginia, ]\]arch 24, 1848, daughter of George W. and Elizabeth (Horn- 
brooke) Bier. Children: i. Emma E., born in Charleston, West Virginia, 
August 6, 1871 ; married H. L. Prichard. of Charleston. 2. Philip George, 
of whom further. 

(HI) Lieutenant Philip George Walker, only son and youngest child 
of Henry Streit and Emma (Bier) Walker, was born in Charleston, West 
Virginia, September 8, 1872. His college preparatory education was ac- 
quired at the Pantops Academy, near Charlottesville, Virginia, after 
which he became a student at Princeton L'niversity and was graduated 
from the academic department in 1S95. Taking up the study of law at 




^;^7-y ^//7r^/d-r_ 



WEST VIRGINIA 107 

the University of \'irginia, he was admitted td the bar in 1897, ^"^ be- 
gan the practice of law in Charleston, West \'irginia, in which he has con- 
tinued up to the present time. He is the owner of a fine farm in the 
Shenandoah Valley, and he and his mother have been very successful in 
its cultivation. During the Spanish-American war Mr. Walker enlisted 
as a private in Company B, First West Virginia Volunteer Infantry; 
was assigned to Company E and commissioned second lieutenant, May 
16, 1898, and advanced to a first lieutenancy, January 10, 1899. He also 
served as aide to Brigadier-General John A. Wiley, commanding the 
Second Division, First Army Corps. Mr. Walker is a stanch supporter 
of the Democratic party, and his religious affiliations are with the Pres- 
byterian church. He is a member of Beta Theta Phi fraternity of the 
University of Virginia, ami of the Edgewood Country Club. 

(The Schley Line). 

Mrs. Walker is descended from the Schley family as follows: 
fl) Nicholas Schley, married Eve Bregetta. 

(II) John Thomas, son of Nicholas and Eve (Bregetta) Schley, was 
the founder of the Schley family in America, and estabhshed the First 
Evangelical Reformed Church, in the colony of Monocacy, prior to 1745. 
In 1745 he surveyed and laid out the town of Frederick, jMaryland, the 
compass used by him being still in the possession of the Schley family 
in that town, built the first house, and in it was born his daughter, Eve 
Catherine, being the first child born in the town. He was the first teach- 
er in the Evangelical Reformed church in Frederick, and for forty-five 
years was its mainstay. Of good education and keen discernment, he 
was a well known figure in the political, military and ecclesiastical his- 
tory of the state of Maryland. The large and influential family of 
Schleys in this country is descended from him. This family furnished 
guns for the revolution from private funds and also two hundred pounds 
of lawful currency to relieve the necessities of Boston. The following 
extracts are of historical interest: "At a meeting of the citizens of Fred- 
erick County this 20th day of June, 1774, John Thomas Schley (with 
these) were appointed a committee to receive and answer letters and in 
any emergency to call a meeting;" Schafif's History, Vol. II. "Nov. i8th, 

1774. he was appointed a member of the Committee to represent Freder- 
ick County and to carry into execution the resolutions agreed on by the 
American Continental Congress ;" ibid, page 164. "On January 24th, 

1775, he was appointed a member of the Committee of Observation with 
full powers to prevent any infraction of the American Congress, and 
carry into effect the resolutions of that body." These committees were 
known as the committee of correspondence and the committee or coun- 
cils of safety ; ibid, page 174. John Thomas Schley married Margaret 
von Wintz. 

(III) Eve Catherine, daughter of John Thomas and Margaret (von 
Wintz) Schley, married Philip Bier. 

(IV) Philip, son of Philip and Eve Catherine (Schley) Bier, mar- 
ried Patience Elliott. 

(V) George W., son of Philip and Patience (Elliott) Bier, married 
Fllizabeth Hornbrooke, and had children: i. Emma, who married Henry 
Streit Walker, as mentioned above. 2. Philip George, born at Wheeling, 
West Virginia, November 21, 1841 ; enlisted as a private in Company D, 
Twelfth Regiment, West A'irginia \'olunteer Infantry, and was killed at 
the battle of Cedar Creek. 1864, at which time he was captain in the 
I'nited States \'olunteers and acting as assistant-adjutant-general on the 
staff of Major-General Crook. He had also held the same rank on the 
staffs of Major-Generals Sigel and Hunter. The "C(intemporary Biog- 



io8 WEST VIRGINIA 

raphy of West Mrginia" says : "While endeavoring to rally the retreat- 
ing Union troops near Middletown, about thirteen miles from Winchester, 
October 19, 1864, he was mortally wounded and died from the effects of 
the wound the same day." 



To the fraternity of traveling salesmen traversing 
THORNBURG this district, Edgar Horace Thornburg is well 
known, not only by his long service in that occupa- 
tion, but as one of the heads of their order, in a territory covering four 
states. He is also distinguished as a live business man. Air. Thornburg 
is of old West \'irginia stock. His paternal grandfather was Thomas 
Thornburg, a farmer of Berkeley county, West Virginia, who died there 
at seventy years of age. His maternal grandfather, Henry H. Miller, 
was a West Virginian, who was eighty years old at his death ; he was very 
active, and was a river man and merchant, long resident at Gnyandotte, 
and so partisan a Confederate in civil war times that the Yankees burnt 
his storehouse and all his effects. He passed away at Cincinnati, where 
he had long been engaged in the commission line. 

dl) Collins Unseld, son of Thomas Thornburg, was a native of 
Berkeley county. He was a school teacher in public schools for the most 
part, and for a time, assistant at Marshall College. His wife, Mr. Thorn- 
burg's mother, was Lenore Chapman Miller, a native of Missouri ; her 
parents located, nearly seventy years ago, at Guyandotte (now Hunting- 
ton), and here she has remained ever since. She is now in her seventieth 
year. Children of Collins U. and Lenore C. (Miller) Thornburg, all liv- 
ing, are : Harry Collins, of Huntington ; Charles Miller, of the same 
place: Lida Marie, unmarried, of the same place; Edgar Horace, of 
whom further; Frances Belle: and Frank Bruner, who are twins: and 
Lenore Chapman, now Mrs. A. H. Yarbrough, of Atlanta, Georgia. 

(Ill) Edgar Horace, son of Collins L'nseld Thornburg, was born in 
Berkeley county. West \'irginia, on the old Thornburg homestead, his 
father's farm, September 2, 1872. His early education was obtained in 
the local schools, and later in those in and near Huntington. He re- 
mained on the farm assisting his father until he was of age. Then he 
began his business career in the C. & O. shops. Then, after studying 
shorthand, he went with the Emmons Hawkins Hardware Company of 
Huntington, West \'irginia, in 1893, ^""^l remained in that capacity about 
ten years, for a time in office work, and later on the road. He was a 
salesman with the crmcern for seven years. He then became associated 
with the Standard Oil Company for four years. Then, in 1906, he or- 
ganized the Huntington Hardware Company, which was consolidated 
three years later with the Foster, Mead Hardware Company, a corpora- 
tion of Huntington, He had been secretary of the Huntington company, 
and began in the same position with the new concern, after consolidation. 
Later on he became general manager of the corporation and still holds 
that office. He is also a director of the l^nion Transfer Company, of 
Huntington. 

Mr. Thornburg is a Democrat in politics ; a member of the Southern 
Methodist church ; and a Free Mason. He is grand councillor of the 
Commercial Travelers' Association, for the district embracing the two 
A'irginias, Kentucky and Maryland. He married in Huntington, .'\pril 
21, 1899, Bertha M. McGlathery, born in Altoona. Pennsylvania, in 
]March, 1876. Her father, Lewis S. McGlathery still survives and re- 
sides with I\Ir. Thornburg. Her mother. Katherine McGlathery. died 
July 3, IQII. Two children \^•ere born of this union: Paul Lewis, born 



WEST MKGINIA 109 

June 15, 1900, now attending public school here; and Catherine Lenore, 
born January 7. 1909. 



Charles Russell Wyatt is of old \irgniia stock on both 
W'YATT sides of the family. His grandfather on the paternal side, 
William R. B. Wyatt, was born in Gloucester county, Vir- 
ginia, and died there at the age of seventy-five. He was a farmer. 

(II) Richard Wyatt, son of William R. B. Wyatt. was born in Caro- 
line county, Virginia, in 1832. His life was brief compared with those of 
his immediate forbears; he died April 30, 1881, at the age of forty-nine. 
His life, however, had not been uneventful. Before the war he lived 
and worked in Richmond, Virginia, employed there in a clerical capacity. 
During the war he served with the famous Richmond Howitzers, a 
crack corps of the southern capital, which saw no little serious fighting 
and earned a martial name and fame. After the war he went to farming 
in his native state. 

His wife was Mary Eubank, daughter of Joseph C. Eubank, who 
lived and died in Middlesex county, in the old Dominion state and was 
seventy when he passed away. He, too. was in the agricultural line. Mrs. 
Richard Wyatt was born in Essex county, Virginia, in 1837, died in April, 
1895, at the age of fifty-eight. Children : Charles Russell, mentioned be- 
low ; Belle L., now resident in Richmond, \irginia. and the wife of Jo- 
seph E. Willard, of that city. 

(III) Charles Russell Wyatt. son of Richard Wyatt, was born in 
Caroline county, Virginia, December 5, 1867. He was named after the 
distinguished Charles W. Russell. The family made its home in Middle- 
sex county, when he was but two years old, and there he was brought 
up and received the elements of education in the common schools. Later,, 
in his younger manhood, he studied law at the University of Virginia, 
and received his degree and license to practice in 1892. He had helped 
his father on the farm until his twentieth year. In 1887. he came to 
Huntington, and found employment with the Adams Express Com- 
pany. It was in 1891 that he took up his law studies; that year he was 
enabled to take a course at the University of A'irginia. 

Mr. Wyatt has led a busy life, not as a lawyer only, but in a business 
way and in public affairs as well. He has been especially interested in 
the development of Huntington. He is vice-president of the American 
National Bank, one of the city's important financial institutions, vice- 
president of the American Bank & Trust Company, vice-president also 
of the Pennsylvania Table Company. Politically he is a Democrat, and 
prominent enough in that party to have been its candidate for prosecut- 
ing attorney in 1908. He is a member of the Masonic order, and attached 
to the Presbyterian faith. 

Mr. Wyatt married, November 3, 1897, at Richmond, Virginia, Sarah 
P. Sloan, a native of that city, born July i, 1869, daughter of Captain 
John A. Sloan, who was an officer in the Confederate service, and died 
several years ago. Her mother, Morton W. Sloan, lives with the Wyatt 
family in Huntington. Mr. and Mrs. Wyatt have three children, all 
living, namely: Charles R., Jr., born October 8, 1898, now at school; 
Morton W., born June 19, 1900; and Joseph W., born May 26, 1902. 



Timothy Scanlon. the first member of this family in 
SCANLON America, was born in county Kerry, Ireland, about 
1804. and died in i860. At the age of forty-four he 
came with his family to America, and settled at Harrisonburg, Rocking- 
ham county, Virginia. In America he was a railroad contractor. He 



no WEST VIRGINIA 

married, in Ireland, Nora ?\lahone\', who \va^ born in County Kerry, 
Ireland, about 1819, and died in 1901. Children: P. J., living in Lin- 
coln county, West \'irginia : Nora, married Charles Dyer, lives at Mont- 
gomery, West \''irginia ; Margaret C, married John Lee, lives at Hunt- 
ington ; Timothy Samuel, of whom further ; and five deceased. 

(II) Timothy Samuel, son of Timothy and Nora (Mahoney) Scan- 
Ion, was born at Harrisonburg, Virginia, October 15, 1858. While he was 
an infant, his father removed to Covington, Alleghany county, Virginia, 
and when he was five years old the family went to Kanawha, West Vir- 
ginia. Here he attended the public schools, and also earned money to 
take him to the college at Staunton, Augusta county, Virginia. Then he 
went into southwestern Kentucky, and worked for a year as weighmas- 
ter at a coal mine. After this he entered the employment of the Chesa- 
peake & Ohio railroad, at Hinton, Summers county, West Virginia. First 
he was clerk at the station, then for fifteen months he was a brakeman, 
after this he was conductor for two years, then for three years yardmas- 
ter at Hinton. He next was made trainmaster over the mountains and 
held this position for two years. In 1881 he settled at Huntington, Ca- 
bell county, West Virginia, and engaged in the shoe business, as a mem- 
ber of the firm of T. S. Scanlon & Company. Four years later he owned 
the store by himself, and he continued in this business until April, 1907. 
Since that time he has been a general contractor, engaged mostly in 
municipal work, street-paving and sewer work. He is a stockholder and 
now (1913) vice-president of the Huntington Chair Company. He 
helped to organize the LInion Savings Bank and Trust Company in 1897, 
and has been vice-president since its organization. The plan on which 
the Huntington Chamber of Commerce is based was devised by him, 
and he was for eight years its secretary. In politics Mr. Scanlon is a 
Democrat, and an active one, during campaigns, he speaks for the party 
all over the state, and has a recognized position as a speaker. He has 
been city treasurer of Huntington, and for two terms a member of the 
city council, and since the adoption of the commission form of govern- 
ment for Huntington, Mr. Scanlon w^as elected one of said board, which 
is composed of four members. He was once nominated for state senator. 
Being made president of the West Virginia Colored Orphans' Home and 
Industrial School, Mr. Scanlon obtained from the legislature an appro- 
priation of money for teachers' salaries ; in fact, he brought it to its pres- 
ent position of usefulness and service. Having been himself an orphan 
from a tender age. he has great pity for orphans, and has cared for and 
raised twenty-one orphans in his own home. He has also helped many 
wayward girls to better lives. For fifteen years, he has been a member 
of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks ; is also a member of the 
Knights of Columbus, and state president of the Ancient Order of Hi- 
bernians. For ten years he was state lecturer of the Modern Woodmen. 
Mr. Scanlon is a Roman Catholic. 

He married, at Huntington, June 15, 1886, Jennie V., daughter of 
John and Elizabeth Drusilla (Stewart) White, who was born at Guyan- 
"dotte. Her father is deceased, her mother, now (1913) seventy-seven 
years old, is living with Mr. Scanlon. Children: Nora Drusilla, died in 
infancy; Charles ^ilartin, born September 23, 1890, living at home. 



Gary Nelson Davis, son of Rev. Dabney Carr Terrell and 

DAVIS Mary (Anderson) Davis, was born in Albemarle county, 

Virginia, October 25, 1875. He attended the private schools 

of that county and the Episcopal High School, near Alexandria, \'ir- 

ginia. After this, he taught school for seven years, mostly at the Epis- 




/Ul^^^^r^ 



WEST MRrJNIA iii 

copal High School. In June, 1904, he graduated in law from the Uni- 
versity of Virginia. He has been admitted to the bar. both in Virginia 
and in West \'irginia. Till October. 1905, he practi'-.ed at Fayettevilie, 
Fayette county, West \^irginia, and then entered the firm of Campbell, 
Heffley & Davis, which was dissolved in 1909, when the firm of Camp- 
bell, Brown & Davis was formed. In politics he is a Democrat, and in 
religious faith, an Episcopalian. He married, at Ocean Springs, Jackson 
county, Mississippi, in April, 1910. Roberta, daughter of Robert and 
]\Iatilda (Staples) Lewis, who was born at Ocean Springs. Her father 
a prominent lumber dealer at that place, died when she was a child ; her 
mother is living at Ocean Springs. Mr. and Airs. Davis have one child, 
Ora, born November 18, 1912. 



Bradlc}- Waters Foster has long been a resident of Hunt- 
FOSTER ington (some forty years or more) and he is one of the 

most substantial business men of the place. He is inter- 
ested in a great number of its enterprises, and is, in various ways, a 
leading citizen. On his father's side, he traces back to old New England 
stock, and on the mother's side, to revolutionary ancestry. His maternal 
great-grandfather, a Massachusetts man, raised, equipped and held com- 
mand of a regiment in the war for independence. His grandfather on 
the father's side, was Joseph Foster, who died at Dixfield, Maine. 

(II) Joseph S., son of Joseph Foster, was born in Winslow, Kenne- 
bec county, in the Pine Tree State, was a farmer, and lived there until 
his death at eighty-six years of age. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Sarah K. Holman, lived to the age of sixty-five. Her father, Ebenezer 
Holman, was born in the Old Bay State, but moved to Maine and settled 
there. There he married and there passed away at the ripe old age of 
one hundred and two years. Joseph S. Foster had four children, of 
whom Bradley Waters Foster was the second, being the only son. Of 
the others, one became Mrs. E. A. Abbott of Mexico, ^Vlaine, another be- 
came Mrs. M. A. Waite, of Dixfield, Maine, and the third, Georgiana, is 
deceased. 

(III) Bradley Waters, son of Joseph S. Foster, was born in Winslow, 
Kennebec county, Maine, December 2, 1838. His parents moved to Ox- 
ford county, in the same state, when he was four years old, and there he 
was brought up and received his early schooling, helping his father on 
the farm till he reached majority. He then located in the town of Lewis- 
ton, Maine, and went into business. He started in the grocery and provi- 
sion line there, in 1859, as one of the firm of Foster & Durgin, and so 
continued about four years, and then set out on his own account at Co- 
hoes, Albany county. New York. In 1871 he came to Huntington, and 
opened a hardware store, which he conducted without a partner. This 
was the origin of what is now the Foster, Mead Hardware Company, a 
corporation, the most important concern of the kind in this part of the 
country, and Mr. Foster is its president. He was one of the organizers 
and is still on the board of directors of the First National Bank of Hunt- 
ington, an institution now twenty-eight years old. He assisted in 
the organization, and is vice-president of the First National Bank of 
Kenova, Wayne county. West Virginia, and he was also one of the or- 
ganizers, and is president, of the Huntington Banking & Trust Company. 
He is also president of the Huntington Land Company, and of the Hunt- 
ington Kenova Land Company. He is a stockholder in the Newbury Shoe 
Company, and president of the Huntington Chair Company ; President of 
the McColm Granite Company, and vice-president of the Huntington 
Stove and Foundry Company, and stockholder, since its organization, in 



112 WEST VIRGINIA 

the street railway company. A man, it will be seen, of many investments, 
of substance and property, of energy and enterprise, he is one of the first 
citizens of the place. Mr. Foster is a progressive man, notwithstanding 
his years, and has built, at the corner of Fifth avenue and Eleventh 
street in Huntington, a new concrete residence. This is the sort of man 
that has made Huntington flourish. He served on the board of the Wes- 
ton and Spencer Insane Hospital, in all about ten years ; and also assisted 
in founding a private city hospital in Huntington, West Virginia. Mr. 
Foster holds politically to Republican doctrine. He has been a member 
of the Huntington city council several times. In a religious way, he gives 
allegiance to the Presbyterian faifli. 

Mr. Foster married at Oneonta, New York, in 1868, Mary Leonora 
Huntington, a niece of the great railroad man, the late Collis P. Hunting- 
ton, after whom the town of Huntington was named. Her mother, Har- 
riet S. Huntington died three years ago. 



Franklin Tapp Geiger, the first member of this family 
GEIGER about whom we have definite information, was born in 

Pennsylvania, and died during the Mexican war. His life 
w-as passed at Staunton, Augusta county, Virginia, where he was a mer- 
chant. Child, William, of whom further. 

(II) William, son of Franklin Tapp Geiger, was born at Staunton, 
November 30, 1845. Fo'' twenty years he was a teacher in the institute 
for the deaf, dumb, and blind, at Staunton. He married Fannie, daugh- 
ter of John Churchman, who was born in 1843, ^rid died in 1908 (see 
Churchman line). William Geiger is now living at Huntington, retired, 
with his son, John Churchman. Children : John Churchman, of whom 
further ; Henry J., an Episcopalian clergyman, at Hickman, Fulton coun- 
ty, Kentucky, Nancy T., living at Millborough, Bath county, Virginia ; 
William, died in the United States service at Manila, Philippine Islands, 
having been appointed, by President McKinley, a first lieutenant in the 
Fourteenth Infantry, regular army; and four others, all deceased. 

(III) Dr. John Churchman Geiger, son of W'illiam and Fannie 
(Churchman) Geiger, was born at Staunton, March 31, 1877. He at- 
tended the local schools and Roanoke College, and then went to the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, from which he graduated in medicine in 1901. This 
was followed by a special course at the Philadelphia Polyclinic, in dis- 
eases of the eye, ear, nose, and throat. He practiced first for a year at 
Charleston, West Virginia, then, in 1902, came to Huntington, and is a 
close specialist in the lines mentioned. Dr. Geiger is a member of the 
Modern Woodmen, and a Democrat. In religious belief he is an Epis- 
copalian. He married at Baltimore, Maryland, November 15, 1906, Mar- 
cella May, daughter of Marcellus and Mary Lorenz, who was born at 
Baltimore. Her parents were West A^irginians ; her father was a travel- 
ing salesman, and died twelve years ago ; her mother is now living at 
Baltimore, and has reached the age of sixty-nine. Children of Dr. Geiger : 
Elizabeth, born September 17, 1909; Marcella May, born December 2. 
1911. 

(The Churchman Line). 

The English residence of this family is at Saffron Waldron, Essex 
county. The first American residence of the family was in Pennsylvania 
and they have been very prominent, both in Virginia and in West Vir- 
ginia. 

John Churchman came to Darby, Delaware county, Pennsylvania, in 
1682. There were also among early immigrants a relative, George Church- 



WEST VIRGINIA 113 

man; and a Susanna Churchman was married in 1690. So far as known, 
all the American Churchmans are descended from John. He settled at 
Chester, Delaware county, Pennsylvania, and, in 1704, moved to Notting- 
ham, Chester county, and died in 1724. He married, in i6g6, Hannah, 
daughter of Thomas and Sarah Cerie, who was born about 1676, and died 
September 22, 1759. John Churchman had come to this country in the 
care of Thomas Cerie ; his future wife was then a child of six. Children : 
George, born July 13, 1697, died April 29, 1767: Dinah, born June 7, 
1699, married Messr. Brown; Susanna, born July 13, 1701, married Wil- 
liam Brown; John, born August 29, 1703, died September 8, 1703; John, 
born June 4, 1705, died July 24, 1775, married, November 27, 1729, Mar- 
garet Brown; Thomas, born November 16, 1707-8, died April 4, 1788; 
Miriam, born August 25, 1710, married James Brown; Edward, born 
September 14, 1713. died in December, I/;^2-t,\ Sarah, born JMarch 17, 
1716, died August 2, 1750, married Joseph Trimble; William, born No- 
vember 29, 1720, married Abigail Brown. 

.Several of the early descendants were noted in various ways. One 
was a scientist; there were several surveyors; John (2), the son born in 
1705, became a Quaker preacher. 

John Churchman, the father of Mrs. William Geiger, was born in 
Augusta county, Virginia. He was a farmer, and was sheriff of Au- 
gusta county. During the civil war, he was a southern sympathizer ; and 
lost heavily by the war. In religious belief he was an Episcopalian. 



Most persons bearing this name are, it is probable, of 
WILLIAMS Welsh descent. The name is very common in Wales, 

England and the United States. Other Welsh forms 
of the same name are Gwilym and Gwilliam. It seems well established 
that the family name of Oliver Cromwell's family was at first, Williams, 
but was changed in the reign of King Henry the Eighth ; so that, for some 
time, both surnames were in use for the same persons of this stock. 
Many Williams families are entitled to coats-of-arms. 

(I) Joseph Williams, the first member of this family about whom 
we have definite information, was born in Pennsylvania, and died in Gal- 
lia county, Ohio. He was a farmer and merchant. Child : Isaiah S., of 
whom further. 

(II) Isaiah S., son of Joseph Williams, was born in Gallia county, 
Ohio, about 1838, died in 1898. He was a farmer. He married Mary, 
daughter of Sylvester McDaniel, born about 1840, died in 1888. Her 
father was born in Virginia, the family home, and was a farmer. Chil- 
dren : Roma W., married T. J. Evans, and lives in Gallia county ; Elmer 
S., living at Loveland, Clermont county, Ohio, a mail agent ; Edwin Earl, 
of whom further ; Charles, died at the age of seven. 

(III) Edwin Earl, son of Isaiah S. and Mary (McDaniel) Williams, 
was born on his father's farm in Gallia county, Ohio, July 28, 1869. He 
attended the local schools ; then went to Lebanon, Warren county, Ohio, 
where he attended the National Normal University, and graduated with 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws, in 1889. The following year he began 
the practice of law at Huntington, West Virginia. For one year he was a 
member of the partnership of Hecox & Williams, after which he prac- 
ticed alone for three years. In 1894, he went into partnership with Paul 
W. Scott; January i, 1897, H. T. Lovett was added to the firm, which 
then took the name of Williams, Scott & Lovett. Mr. Williams is a 
stockholder, director and secretary of the Buffalo Land and Coal Com- 
pany ; a director of the Home Building and Savings Company, of Hunt- 
ington, and of several other companies. For two terms, eight years in 



114 WEST VIRGINIA 

all, he was prosecuting atlurney of Cabell count_v. He is a member of the 
lienevolent and Protective Order of Elks; and a Republican in politics. 

He married, in Covington, Kentucky, June 19, 1907, Nellie, daughter 
of Z. T. and Rebecca (Smith) Wellington, born at Huntington. Her 
parents are living, her father being now postmaster at Guyandotte, West 
\'irginia. Air. and Mrs. Eihvin E. Williams have no children. 



This name is said to have existed in England from 
BRONSON Xorman times, but apparently i^ of infrequent occur- 
rence. Unless perhaps in Connecticut, it can hardly be 
called a common name in any part of the United States, so far as known 
to us. Yet the name Brunson, presumably a variant form of the same 
family name, existed in South Carolina before the revolutionary war. 
In the census of 1790 it was found in Clarendon, Claremont, and Edge- 
field counties and Cheraw district. South Carolina. 

( I) John L. F. Bronson, the first member of this family about whom 
we have definite information, was born in South Carolina, died at the 
age of fifty-eight years. Before the civil war he was a slaveholder. He 
fought in the Confederate army, and was with Lee at the surrender at 
Appomattox. He thereafter lived at Catlettsburg, Boyd county, Ken- 
tucky, and had there a good farm. He married Louisa Salyer, who was 
born at Thoms Creek, Johnson county, Kentucky, in 1852, and now lives 
at Williamson, West \' irginia. Children : Charles Howe, of whom 
further ; Carrie, married Gov. H. D. Hatfield ; William M., now owns a 
furniture store at Williamson; Wade Hampton, member of the firm of 
Stokes & Bronson, at Williamson. 

( II ) Charles Howe, son of John L. F. and Louisa ( Salyer ) Bron- 
son, was born in Pike county, Kentucky, near ^^^il!ianlson, November 7. 
1872. He attended the common schools. For a while he worked for 
the Norfolk & Western railroad. January i, 1909, he came to Hunting- 
ton, Cabell county, \\'est Virginia, and established the Greater Hunting- 
ton Realty Company, of which he is president. He is also a director in 
the Kenova and Huntington Land Company. He is a Democrat, and 
has twice been elected clerk of the circuit court of Mingo county. West 
Virginia. He was the first person elected to that position and, at the 
.expiration of his term of six years, was re-elected for a like term, with- 
out opposition, thus holding the office from 1897 to 1908. He is a direc- 
tor in the Mount Hope Hospital at Huntington. Mr. Bronson is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic order and affiliates with Huntington Lodge, No. 53. 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; Wayne Chapter, No. 18; Hunting- 
ton Commandery, No. 9; Lodge of Perfection, No. 4, Scottish Rite: and 
Benni-Kedam Temple. .Ancient .\rabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. 

Mr. Bronson married, at ("luyandcitte. West A'irginia. in 1901, Lillian, 
daughter of John Edwin and Anna Robertson, born in Logan county. 
West Virginia. Her father, who died in 1901, was in the mercantile 
business in Logan county, a member of the firm of Nighbert & Robert- 
son. Her mother in now living at Maple Heights, in Huntington. Chil- 
dren, all living: .Xnna Myree, born in IQOI : Charles, 1903; Lillian, IQ06; 
John Edwin, an infant. 



Peter Heffley, the first member of this family about 
HEFFLEY whom we have definite information, came from Berks 

county, Pennsylvania, and settled at Berlin, Somerset 
county, I'ennsylvanin. .Among his children was George, of whom 
further. 



' ,^. 



/r^'\Q. 'JbX^-^^^-jvoa 



WEST X'IRGIXIA 115 

(11) George, son of P'eter Heffley. was born at Berlin. Pennsylvania, 
about 1804, died in 1886. He lived at Berlin, and was a blacksmith. He 
married Julia A., daughter of Henry Poorbaugh. Their children were: 
Peter born November 15. 1833, married, in 1836. Rebecca Walker; 
Henry, of whom further; and eight others. 

(HI) Henry, son of George and Julia A. (Poorbaugh) Heffley, was 
born at Berlin, Pennsylvania, June 25, 1841, He is now living at Somer- 
set, Somerset county, Pennsylvania, retired. During the civil war he was 
busy running a wagon train on the plains of Nebraska and westward. 
For over thirty years afterward he was a clothing merchant at Somerset. 
He married Elizabeth, daughter of John Roberts, born at Somerset, No- 
vember 7, 185 1. Her father, a Pennsylvanian by birth, lived for most 
of his life at Somerset ; he was a carriage maker, and also served as a 
collector of internal revenue. Children: i. George Roberts, of whom 
further. 2. Susan J., married A. W. Kinzer, and lives at Jenkins, Ken- 
tucky ; her husband is auditor for the Consolidation Coal Company, 3. 
Caroline Uhl, living at home. 4. Margaret, died in 1886, in infancy. 5. 
Grace G., living at home. 

(IV) George Roberts, son of Henry and Elizabeth (Roberts) Hef- 
fley, was born at Somerset, Pennsylvania. December 3, 1878. He attended 
the local schools, and then went to the Ohio Wesieyan University, Dela- 
ware, Delaware county, Ohio, graduating in the class of 1902, with the 
degree of Bachelor of Law. He took the course in law at the Univer- 
sity of West Virginia, at Morgantown, and received therefrom the de- 
gree of LL.B. He is a member of the college fraternity. Beta Theta 
Pi, and the law fraternity. Delta Chi, at Morgantown. In 1905 he came 
to Huntington and entered into the practice of law. His office is at the 
Walton Building on Ninth street. The practice of law is his main and 
life work; but he has stock in the West Virginia Rail Mill, and the J. M. 
Park Drug Company at 322 Ninth street, Huntington. At the present 
time, he is secretary of the Retail Business Men's Association of Hunt- 
ington. He is a member of the Chamber of Commerce at Huntington, 
and of the Westmoreland Country Club of Cabell county. Fraternally 
he is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. In poli- 
tics he is a Progressive Republican; in religion, a member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church. 

He married, June 6. 191 1. Sadie, daughter of Dr. C. R. and IMary 
(Bloss) Enslow, of Huntington. 



Henry Simms is one of the most noted of the younger ele- 
SIM]\IS ment at the bar of Huntington. He is also one of the busi- 
est and most prosperous ; being now, at the early age of 
twenty-seven years, a leading man. He comes of excellent old \^irginia 
stock. His paternal grandfather. Robert Marshall Simms. was of Eng- 
lish lineage, born in Culpeper county, Virginia, in 1813, died at Scary, 
West Virginia, in 1891. He was an extensive farmer and planter, and 
in the good old days, an owner of slaves, but he gave them all their free- 
dom when the civil war came on. 

(IT) Henry Clay, son of Robert Marshall Simms, was born June to, 
1846, in Kanawha county, Virginia. He was a distinguished lawyer and 
public man and took a prominent part in many affairs of the civil war 
time, and after, until he died, December 6, 1906. He was hardly more 
than a boy when the civil war came on. Youth as he was however, he 
served in the ranks of the south, and after the fighting was over was 
prominent in Camp Garnett, Confederate Veterans. His activity 
involved him, in 1865, in an unpleasant adventure. That year, while at 



ii6 WEST VIRGINIA 

Fairmont, un his way from Charleston, this state, to Alorgantown, he 
was arrested. The charge was most serious: that he was nothing less 
than an accompHce of Booth in the killing of Lincoln! Fortunately fur 
him he was easily able to disprove it. Henry Clay Simms was a graduate 
of Harvard Law school and a very successful practitioner. He settled 
in Huntington, as long ago as 1873. He filled the office of city attorney 
of Huntington for one term, with credit. He was a Democrat, and high 
in the party councils. In 1880 he was a delegate from West Virginia to 
the National Nominating Convention of that party, which was held at 
Cincinnati. 

He married Catherine Lyons, of Pittsburgh, born in i860. Her 
father, William A. Lyons, was a native of New York. He was the son 
of William Lyons, a native of the north of Ireland, of whom, however, 
the family tradition is rather dim. William A. Lyons migrated from his 
native state to Pennsylvania, and embarked in business at Allegheny, 
now part of Pittsburgh, many years ago. He died there at the age of 
sixty-two years. Mrs. Simms lives here on the old home place of the 
family in Huntington. They had three children : Henry, of whom 
further ; Mary, now Mrs. George W. Keller, of Huntington ; and Robert 
I/Iarshall, who is a student at Marshall College, Huntington. 

(HI) Henry, son of Henry Clay Simms, was born in Huntington, 
May 7, 1885. His early education was obtained in private schools and 
by private tutors. In his later youth, he attended Marshall College, tak- 
ing there an academic course, and graduating in 1901, at sixteen years of 
age. From there he went to the University of West Virginia, at Mor- 
gantown ; here he remained four years, and in June, 1905, received the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws, and the same fall was admitted to the 
Cabell county bar, at the early age of twenty years. He was at that time 
the youngest lawyer in the state. He began his professional career with 
his father's firm, Simms & Enslow, and the following year, 1906, upon 
the death of his father, formed a partnership with F. B. Enslow as 
Simms & Enslow. This partnership continued until 1907, when he 
joined in a partnership with Frank Enslow, Jr., and Lewis A. Staker. 
This partnership still continues and is one of the most flourishing legal 
firms in this part of the country. 

Mr. Simms is a Democrat, and on November 13, 1912, was elected 
prosecuting attorney of Cabell county. West Virginia, on the Democratic 
ticket. His business interests embrace stock in the Huntington National 
Bank, and the Huntington Land Company ; also in the Guyon Oil Com- 
pany, of which he is a director ; in the Elizabeth Oil & Gas Company : 
and the Strain Lock Automatic Injector Company. He is exalted ruler 
of Huntington Lodge, No. 313, Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, 
and is of the Episcopalian faith. 



This family came originally from Surry county, Virginia. 
WILSON wdiere William Wilson, a farmer, was born. He died 

while yet a young man. 
(II) Joseph J., son of William Wilson, was born in Surry county, 
died in 1903, at the age of fifty-five years. He was a cadet at the Vir- 
ginia Military Institute, and fought on the Confederate side in the battle 
which occurred at Newmarket, during the war between the states, when 
the Union forces marched upon the place. He was a farmer all his life 
as his father had been before him. He married Lucy Adams, now living 
at Smithfield, at the age of fifty-six years. She is descended from slave- 
holding ancestry on both sides of the family, being the daughter of John 
Adams, of Smithfield, Virginia, a boatman, peanut merchant and slave- 



WEST VIRGINIA 117 

holder in his native state, who died in 1877. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson had 
three children: i. John A., died July 16, 1903, at the age of thirty years. 
2. Blair Pegram. of whom further. 3. William Ricks, now thirty-four 
years old, manager of the Glenwood Inn, a hotel in Kenova, West Vir- 
ginia. 

(Ill) Blair Pegram, son of Joseph J. and Lucy (Adams) Wilson, 
was born at Smithfield, Virginia, February 16, 1875. He was educated 
primarily at the local public schools, finishing at private schools in Rich- 
mond. He then entered the real estate business in Newport News, Vir- 
ginia, remaining from 1898 to 1903. He came to Huntington in the lat- 
ter year and established the present real estate firm of the Blair P. Wil- 
son Company. The firm has prospered greatly, and Mr. Wilson has be- 
come known as one of the most progressive young business men of this 
city. Among the firm's enterprises are the Dupont Place Improvement 
Company, Westmoreland Land Company, Suburban Land Company, Riv- 
erview Land Company, Kenova-Huntington Land Company, and Boule- 
vard Improvement Company. Mr. Wilson is a Democrat, and a member 
of the Order of Elks. He is also a member of the Huntington chamber 
of commerce. He is also a communicant of the Episcopal church. 

On June 4, 1898, he married, in Richmond, Virginia, Mallory Flor- 
ence Shield, a native of Hampton, Virginia. Her parents. Dr. and Mrs. 
Mallory Shield, died during her infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson have no 
children. Mr. Wilson is regarded as one of our rising citizens, and is 
popular and highly esteemed: he is a golf player and an enthusiastic au- 
tomobilist. 



This family is of Virginia ancestry, James P. Tate having 
TATE been born in Louisa county, that state, seventy years ago, and 
has been deceased for the last five years. He was by trade 
a tanner. During the war between the states he furnished shoes to the 
soldiers of the Confederate army. He became a railroad man after the 
war, and from 1872 to 1905 was connected with the Chesapeake & 
Ohio railroad. He married Lavinia S. Wash, now living in Huntington 
at the age of sixty-five years, daughter of William J. Wash, who was 
born on the old Wash homestead in Virginia, where he died during the 
war at the age of sixty years. Mr. and Mrs. James P. Tate had four 
children: i. Lee A. D.. of whom further. 2. Cora P., unmarried, and 
residing with her mother. 3. Ernest, died at the age of twenty years. 4. 
Enos. twin of Ernest, died in infancy. 

(II) Lee A. D., son of James P. and Lavinia S. (Wash) Tate, was 
born June 13, 1867, at Beaverdam Station. Hanover county. Virginia. 
At the age of six years he removed with his parents to Charleston, West 
Virginia, where his earliest education was received, and completing it at 
Shelton College, St. Albans, West \'irginia. He came to Huntington on 
the 19th of February, 1884, entering the oi-fice of the Chesapeake & 
Ohio railroad shops in a clerical capacity, and remaining for two years in 
that position. He then went on the railroad as fireman and engineer, 
running one of the company's engines for five years. Leaving the employ 
of the railroad company, he became a salesman with Northcott & Buffing- 
ton in 1890, continuing with them in this capacity until January, 1903, 
when he became a partner in the firm. Upon the withdrawal of Mr. Buf- 
fington from the partnership, the style of the firm became G. A. North- 
cott & Company: becoming known later, February 19, 1910, as the North- 
cott, Tate, Hagy Company. Under this name it is at present the leading 
firm in this line, having the largest store in West \'irginia. Mr. Tate is 
well known as one of the most prominent citizens of this place. Though a 



]i8 WEST VIRGINIA 

mt-niber of the Democratic party he is iii<lependent in his views, votiii;; 
always for the best man. He is a member of the Johnson Memorial 
Methodist Episcopal Church South. 

On November 22, 1893, h^ married, at Paintsville, Kentucky, Lina V. 
Preston, born there on March 4. 1869. She is the daughter of John D. 
Preston, a soldier in the Union army during the war. He was engaged 
for a long while in the timber business, but is now living retired at 
Paintsville. He married Sarah Brown, the mother of Mrs. Tate, who is 
also resident in Paintsville. Mr. and Mrs. Tate have one child: Mamie 
Ruth, born October 16. 1895 : now attending high school in this city. 



This is one of the oldest families in this l(jcality, 
NEWT'ERRY tracing its ancestry in Virginia to Henry Newberry, 

who lived and died in that state. There is a refer- 
ence in the old Rappahannock county records as to the disposition 
between the years 1664 and 1673, of certain "lands bought of Mr. Henry 
Newberry", he probably being one of the progenitors. The Henry New- 
berry first referred to was the father of Tivis W. Newberry, who was 
born in \irginia in 1824. He was a prominent politician in that state, a 
lawyer, and a merchant ; and was a member of the state senate, beside 
holding minor positions. He is now living in retirement, at the age of 
eighty-eight years, in Inez, Martin county. Kentucky, where he has been 
a member of the county school commission. During the civil war he 
was a southern sympathizer, having been previously a slave holder ; and 
supplied quantities of provisions to the soldiers of the south. His wife, 
who was Miss Lucy Powers, is also living at the age of eighty-three 
years. She is daughter of John W. Powers who lived to the age of 
ninety years, and died in Wise county, Virginia ; he was a farmer, and 
was a Union sympathizer, though too old at the time of the war to take 
active part in hostilities or render military service. Mr. and Mrs. New- 
berry became the parents of seven children, all of whom are now living: 
I. Mary, now Mrs. Allen Copley, of Inez, Kentucky. 2. Emma, now 
jNIrs. Philip Cassady, of Inez, Kentucky. 3. Jennie, now Mrs. H. C. 
Osborn, of Milton, West Virginia. 4. S. XX'., of Inez. Kentucky. 5- 
Josie. now Mrs. Thomas Staton, of Pikesville. Kentuck}-. (). Jeff, of 
whom further. 7. J. C, of Inez, Kentucky. 

( III ) Jefif, son of Tivis \\'. and Lucy ( Powers ) Newberry, was born 
May 2. 1861. in Wise county, Virginia, on his father's farm at the old 
Newberry homestead. His parents removed, when he was in his infancy, 
to Martin county. Kentucky, and there his early childhood and youth 
were passed. His education was received at the county schools, and at 
the conclusion of his studies he entered mercantile business on his own 
account at Inez, opening a general store. He continued this for about 
fourteen years, and in 1895, came to Huntington. West Virginia, where 
he established a wholesale hat business under the firm name of Jeff 
Newberry and Company. This lasted for two years, when he removed 
to Catlettsburg, Kentucky, and under the name of Newberry and Crum, 
opened a wholesale grocery business ; which in 1901 he abandoned, 
returning to Pluntington and establishing the Newberry Shoe Company, 
a wholesale manufacturing enterprise: he was the first man to manufac- 
ture a welt shoe in West Virginia. In the year 1910, Mr. Newberry sold 
out his interest in the company ; and in the following year established the 
present firm. The Jeff Newberry Company, wholesale dealers in shoes, 
located at 1025 Third Avenue, this city. The business has prospered 
and Mr. Newberry has become one of the most prominent citizens of 
Huntington, Pie is a stockholder and director in the Union Savings 



WEST MRGIXIA 



[19 



Bank, and owns extensive coal lands and real estate in Kentucky, being 
well known as a Mason and a member of the order nf Elks. He is also 
a member of the Southern Methodist Church, and in his political 
opinions is a Democrat. 

Mr. Newberry has been twice married; his first marriage was to Miss 
Lina Price, who died about seven years ago. By her he had four chil- 
dren, as follows: i. Dixie May, now Mrs. J. D. IVIcClintock, of Salt Lake 
City. Ctah. 2. Alyrtle, now Mrs. Carl Hess, of Huntington. 3. Horner, 
died at Catlettsburg, Kentucky. 4. L. Frazier, now attending school in 
Huntington. Mr. Newberry's second marriage occurred on November 
19. 1908, to Miss Lottie Lallance, in Huntington; she is a native of this 
place, the daughter of J. B. and Charlotte Lallance. Mr. Lallance, who 
is a building contractor in Huntington, is now sixty-five years of age; 
his wife residing here also at tlie age of sixty-two. Mr. Newberry has 
Ud children by his second marriage. 



The earliest known ancestiir (if this (Jd family, which is of 
MAl'I^IN Huguenot descent, was Ciabriel .Maupin, a P'rench officer, 
who incurred the king's displeasure on account of his re- 
ligious belief, and fled from France to England in 1699, with his wife and 
one son, Gabriel, taking refuge with his father-in-law. Earl Spencer, an 
English nobleman. He remained in England for some months, during 
which time a second son, Daniel, was born in 1700. The family emi- 
grated to A'irginia in this same year, 1700, and settled in Williamsburg. 
There w-as also a daughter, Mary, but it is not known wdien she was born 
nor what became of her. It appears that Gabriel ?\laupin died in 1719 or 
1720, in Virginia, as his will, dated September 2, 17 19, with a codicil, 
was proven in general court at the capital, April 20, 1720. His wife, Mary, 
was executrix : how long she survived her husband is not known. The 
two sons, Gabriel and Daniel, removed to Albemarle county, some time 
previous to the middle of the eighteenth century. Gabriel seems to have 
lived in the vicinity of Free L'nion, dying in the year 1794. His wife's 
name was ilarah, and his sons were Thomas, Bland, Daniel and Gabriel. 
Descendants of this branch of the family are now living in A'irginia, Dr. 
Maupin, of Portsmouth, possesses a complete list of the great grandchil- 
dren of Gabriel Maupin, and the family tree of tlie elder branch of the 
family down to within the last generation. 

(H) Daniel, younger son of Gabriel Maujiin, born in 1700, remained 
in Albemarle county until his death in 1788. In 1748 he obtained a 
patent for land on Moorman's river, and entered more than fifteen hun- 
dred acres in the Whitehall neighborhood. His wife was Margaret Via, 
and they had ten children, seven sons and three daughters, as follows : 
I. Thomas, of whom little is known. 2, Gabriel, married Ann Ballard. 
Children: Daniel; Thomas; David; Matthew; Gabriel; John; Bland; 
Judith ; Susan ; Peggy ; Ann ; Fanny ; Joel. 3. Daniel, married Mary 
Elizabeth ( or Betsy ) Dabney, the name being originally d'Aubigne. Chil- 
dren ; Daniel ; Cornelius ; John ; Sally ; ]\Iary ; Frances ; Betsy ; Peggy. 4, 
John, married Fanny Dabney (or d'Aubigne), Children: Peggy; Sally; 
Daniel ; John ; Cornelius ; Thomas, married Peggy Maupin ; William ; 
Gabriel; Robert; Jennings; Frances; Carr ; Dabney. 5. Margaret (or 
F'eggy), married Robert Miller and had children, one of whom, Sarah, 
married Jennings Maupin, son of John. 6. William, of whom further. 
7. Zachariah, married Sally Jarvinan (or Jarman?), Children: Daniel; 
Thomas ; Zachariah : William ; Ambrose ; Jesse ; Frances ; Catherine : 
Elizabeth ; Alpha. 8. Jesse, married Lucy Jones, Children : Cyrus, and 
about ten others. The family moved south, perhaps to Georgia, towards 



I20 WEST VIRGINIA 

the close of the eigliteenth centur}' and were lost to sight. 9. Jane, mar- 
ried Samuel Rea, and had children. 10. Mary, married Matthew Mul- 
lin (or Mullins), and had children. 

(III) William, son of Daniel and Margaret (Via) Maupin, married 
Mildred White. Their children were: i. John, married (first) Mary 
Michie, (second) Nancy Cobbs. 2. William Chapman, married Magda- 
len Ford. 3. Thomas, married (first) Catherine White, (second) Mary 
Clackson. 4. Amos, married Sarah Ayers. 5. Chapman White, married 
Mary Spencer. He was appointed a magistrate of Albemarle county in 
1835, and died in 1861. Children: a. Isabella White, married Tandy Key 
Jones, b. Dr. Socrates, married Sally Hay W'ashington : was professor 
of chemistry, first in Hampton Sidney College, and afterwards in the Uni- 
versity of Virginia; died from injuries in consequence of a runaway acci- 
dent in Lynchburg, in 187 1. c. Lysander, no record of marriage, d. 
Addison, married Lucy Hart : had his residence before the war on Carr's 
Hill, adjoining the University ; his son, J. Addison Maupin, of Richmond, 
\'irginia, was author of the Maupin bill, of recent notoriety, e. William 
Amos, married Jane Smith, f. Mary Chapman, married Lodwick A. 
Moorman, g. Mildred Ann, married Thomas P. Mitchell. 6. Mildred, 
married Chapman White. 7. Pegg\-, married Thomas, son of her uncle 
John Maupin. 8. Lucy, married David Keblinger. 9. Lucinda. 10. 
Nancy. 11. (Iverton. There is no record of marriage for these last three. 

The descendants of Gabriel and Daniel Maupin seem to have been in 
their generations an industrious, quiet, unambitious people, though in 
several instances the name has been prominently represented by various 
branches. The names of Daniel, William and Cornelius Maupin appear 
on the pension list of revolutionary war soldiers, they being in all proba- 
bility brothers and sons of John, the son of Daniel. In the list of fifty- 
six names of the Albemarle county militia, in actual service for the pro- 
tection and defense of the frontier against Indians, September, 1758, 
there appear the names of Daniel, John and William Maupin ; and in 
the Albemarle County Declaration of Independence, in 1779, are given 
the names of Samuel Rea and Henry Mullins, who married daughters of 
Daniel Maupin, the immigrant. The members of the family have usually 
been attached to the Methodist church, a Daniel Maupin having been an 
original trustee of Austin's or Bingham's meeting-house : and another 
Daniel and his wife, Hannah, in 1834, giving the ground for Mount 
Moriah, near Whitehall, which indeed for many years, commonly went 
by the name of Maupin's meeting-house. This Daniel seems to have 
been the third son of John, as shown above : his third wife was Hannah 
Harris, born Jamison. The families of the old stock were generally so 
numerous, containing hardly ever less than ten children, and the same 
names were so often repeated in the different households, that it is 
nearly impossible at this date to trace accurately their various lines of 
descent; they frequently intermarried among themselves, and with the 
Harrises, Jarmans (or Jarvinans) and \Mas, and the descendants are 
widely scattered over the west, particularly in Kentucky, Missouri and 
West Virginia. 

(IV) Thomas, probably son of William Maupin, Daniel IMaupin's 
son, was born in Albemarle county, \'irginia. He became a pioneer set- 
tler and farmer of the Kanawha valley, dying at the age of seventy-two 
years. This was either Thomas, son of William, or Thomas, son of John, 
who married William's sister, Pegg}'. Thomas, son of William, married 
twice: (first) Catherine White, (second) Mary Clarkson. Among the 
children of Thomas Alaupin was Chapman \Y. : the name Chapman 
White, as well as Chapman, and White, severally, occurring in the family 
of William, as shown above. 



WEST MRGIXIA 121 

iV) Chapman W., son of Thomas Alaupin, pioneer of the Kanawha 
valley here referred to. was born in Kanawha county in 181 1, died in 
1900. He was a farmer and southern sympathizer, being also a slave- 
holder. He married ]\Iatilda F. Hope, born at Owensville. Kentucky, in 
1823, died in 1905, daughter of Thomas Hope, a native of Ireland, who 
came to this country as a young man and established himself as a hotel 
Keeper; he died while still comparatively young. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Chap- 
man W. Maupin had eight children, of whom six are now living: i. 
Fannie, now Mrs. C. C. Cranford, of Huntington, West Virginia. 2. 
Thomas H., of Idaho. 3. Lucy M., now Mrs. J. T. Doyle, of Hunting- 
ton. 4. Albert B., of whom further. 5. Alary, now Mrs. G. E. Sampson, 
of Huntington. 6. Shelby W., died in Nevada in 1910. 7. William R., 
living in Hinton, West Virginia. 8. James H., died in infancy. The 
names of Lucy and Mary are those of the sister and wife respectively of 
Thomas Maupin, son of William, who was Daniel Maupin's son. 

(Yl) Albert Becker, son of Chapman W. and Matilda F. (Hope) 
Maupin, was born on his father's farm, the old Maupin homestead, in 
Cabell county, near Ona, West \'irginia, April 14, 1852. His education 
was acquired in the local public schools and at Marshall College, Hunt- 
ington. Afterward he became a civil engineer and miner in Missouri and 
Colorado, continuing thus for fourteen years, until 1891. He then returned 
to Huntington, where he has since been interested in civil engineering, 
railroad and municipal work. Since 1906 he has been in charge of the 
major portion of municipal improvements in Huntington. In 1897 he 
formed a partnership with L. W. Leete, and in 1907 the Leete-Maupin 
Engineering Company was incorporated. Air. Maupin is an extremely 
public-spirited man, and prominent in business and commercial circles in 
this city. He is one of the very few leading men of the city who were 
born here. As a member of the Democratic party his influence has been 
beneficial in municipal afTairs. and he is well known also as a member of 
the Order of Elks. Air. Alaupin has never married. 



Charles Richard Wilson is one of the most enterprising 
WILSON and energetic business men of Huntington. He has risen 
from a railway clerkship to a high place among men of 
atTairs in the community, and reached success by intelligent and per- 
sistent effort. His grandfather on the father's side was Asa Lee Wilson, 
born in Chesapeake, Ohio, over the river, opposite Huntington. He was 
a millwright and farmer, and lived to be seventy-seven years of age. 

(II) John T. Wilson, son of Asa Lee Wilson, is still living in Hunt- 
ington, at the age of sixty-six years ( 1912). He was in the real estate 
business at that place for many years, and served a term as sheriff' of 
Cabell county. He had several brothers in the Confederate army. One 
of them. Lemuel, was several times wounded, and another. Harvev. was 
killed. 

Air. \\'ilson married Alary .Amizetta ATcAIahon, daughter of Wayne 
A'cAlahon, a A'irginian by birth, who lived to be eighty-four years old; 
he was keeper of the Guyan Bridge during the civil war. She was born 
in \"irginia, and lived at Alonticello, Thomas Jefferson's home ; she is 
now in her sixty-second year. _ Air. and Airs. Wilson have had three 
children, all living: ATamie S., the wife of Senator G. .A. Northcott. of 
Huntington ; Charles Richard, of whom further ; Garnet Blanche, now 
the wife of Dr. J. N. Alincey, of Mineral Wells, in the state of Texas. 

CIII) Charles Richard Wilson, son of John T. \\llson. was born in 
Cabell county, October 7. 1-872. His early schooling was obtained in the 
local institutions, and continued later in ATarshall College. He finished 



122 WEST \IRGIXIA 

liis studies in 1890, at the age of eighteen, and began Hfe in the position 
of assistant postmaster of Huntington, under C. L. Thompson, when the 
population of the place was, perhaps, eight thousand. He left this place 
to take a position as clerk in the Chesapeake & Ohio railway shops, 
remaining thus employed for something over ten years. Then he became 
the chief clerk of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad Company, at Coving- 
ton. Kentucky, an important station, situated opposite Cincinnati. Here he 
continued for two years, and then came back to Huntington as chief clerk 
for the company there. This position he filled for three years more, 
until 1906, then resigned and established himself in his present line, 
founding the concern known as the Wilson Sand iS: Supply Company, 
with offices at Thirteenth street and the river front, a ctmcern which has 
met with marked success. 

Mr. Wilson was one of the organizers and is a stockholder, secretary 
and treasurer of the Wilson Ballast Company, of Tongs, Kentucky, a 
company that employs from seventy-five to one hundred men. It is 
engaged in the production of railroad ballast, and has a capacity of one 
thousand cubic yards of crushed limestone daily. The Chesapeake & 
Ohio railroad takes its entire product. Mr. Wilson's company is the 
largest producer of sand and gravel along the Ohio river between Cincin- 
nati and Pittsburgh. Its ec|uipment for this purpose comprises two 
powerful dredge boats, a tow boat and ten great sand barges. Its appar- 
atus pumps gravel and sand up from the bottom of the Ohio river. This is 
washed and screened and separated, sand from gravel, in different grades, 
the sand loaded automatically on one boat and the gravel on another for 
transportation, the unloading is done bv a clam shell hoist. It is a highly 
ingenious and modern plant. 

Mr. Wilson is a Baptist, though his wife is of the Presbyterian faith. 
He married, in Huntington, June 6, 1894, Inez Estelle Healy, born in 
Medina, New York, October 6, 1874, daughter of Rev. James E. Healy, 
Presbyterian pastor, at Maben, West Virginia ; her mother died when 
she was an infant. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson have two children: Clara 
Healy, born in Medina, New York, June 7, 1896; Alice Low, born 
November 19, 1899; both are now ( 1913 ) at .school. Mr. Wilson 
recently built a very fine new home, where he resides at No. 1400 Fifth 
avenue. Huntington. 



The earliest progenitor of this family in .\merica came 
RODGERS over from Ireland and settled in Pennsylvania. .\ son. 

James Rodgers, born to him at Franklin, in that state, 
became a farmer, preacher and temperance lecturer, dying at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-four years. 

(Ill) David R., son of James Rodgers, was born in (\-tober, 1838, 
also at Franklin. Pennsylvania. He is now seventy-four years of age. 
hale and hearty, and still in the oil business in which he has been engaged 
ever since oil was first found in Pleasantville, Pennsylvania. He was caji- 
tain in the Eighty-third Pennsylvania Regiment during the civil war. 
,erving until the close of hostilities, and was several times wounded. .\t 
the battle of Gettysburg he was in the thick of the fight, and captured 
Colonel R. M. Powell. He married Julia A., daughter of William Por- 
ter, a native of Boston, who owned a farm in Pleasantville upon which 
oil was found at an early date. Mrs. Rodgers is now sixty-nine years of 
age. She and her husband had four children, all of whom are now living : 
I. William James, of whom further. 2. ]^Iarshall C, living in Pittsburgh. 
3. LaVerne". living in Pittsburgh. 4. Clara .\.. unmarried, living in Pitts- 
burgh. 



WEST MRGINIA 123 

(1\') William James, son of David i\. and Julia A. (Porter) Rod- 
gers, was born at Silver Creek, Xew York, l-'ebruar)- z"] , 18O7. His early 
education was acquired at Butler, Butler county, Pennsylvania, where 
his parents removed when he was six years old : and he completed his 
studies at Teil College. Greenville, Pennsylvania. He entered business 
life at the early age of thirteen years, engaging with his father in oil, 
in which he has ever since been interested. His first work was in Butler 
county; after which, in 1891, he went to Pittsburgh, where he remained 
lor three years. Going from there to Marietta. Ohio, he continued for 
thirteen years. In 1907 he came to Huntington and located in the terri- 
tory from which oil is produced for the Guyan, Hamlin, and Wayne Oil 
Companies. He is now president of the Guyan and Wayne Oil Com- 
panies, and secretary and treasurer of the Hamlin Oil Company. These 
companies were all formed by himself and F. B. Emslow, with whom 
he became associated as soon as he came to Huntington. Mr. Rodgers 
has prospered greatly in his business enterprises and is now one of the 
leading citizens of Huntington. He is a member of the Democratic party, 
and belongs to the Order -of Elks, and is a Mason in high standing. 

He married, January 10, 1891, at Jamestown, New York, Mary N. 
Bailey, a native of that city. Her father, now living at Jamestown, is 
retired ; and her mother, whose Christian name she bears, is also a resi- 
dent there. Mr. and Mrs. Rodgers have no children. 



Mr. James Walsh Hughes, a leading coal operator of this 
HCGHES part of the country, has also been postmaster of Hunting- 
ton for eleven years, and is the father of Congressman 
James A. Hughes, representative, in the national councils, of the district 
of which Huntington is so important a part. 

Mr. Hughes is of Irish birth and breeding. He was born in the west 
of the Emerald Isle, September 16, 1834, and has reached, therefore, the 
age of seventy-eight years. He was raised as a youth in Ireland, where 
he went to school and married, March 27, 1854, Ellen McXulty, a native 
also of the "old sod". Their honeymoon was the trip to America, an 
arduous voyage in that day, by packet, sometimes a matter of months, 
though but a few days and vastly more luxurious, now. They started 
in the fall of 1854, fifty-eight years ago, and located first in Canada. 
With them, at that time, was Airs. Hughes' father, .\nthony McXulty, 
a farmer, long since passed awav ; also her mother, Xellie ( O'Mallev ) 
McXulty. 

John Hughes, father of James Walsh Hughes, was the first of this 
family to settle in Huntington. He was a farmer like his forbears, and 
died here aged seventy years, at "three score and ten'" as the proverb 
has it, a good old significant age. The mother of James W. Hughes was 
Marv (Walsh) Hughes, long since dead. The parents were of prolific 
old country blood, and had six children, of whom three are living, among 
them the subject of this sketch. 

James Walsh Hughes was twenty years old when he came to this side 
of the water. He was thirty-nine years old. when he came to Hunting- 
ton, drawn by its early development and prospects. July 25, 1873. His 
first employment hereabouts was in the coal mining line ; he managed 
oiierations of the Starr Furnace. Company, Kentucky, for something like 
fifteen years. This brings us to March 2. 1901, when he was appointed, 
by President McKinley, postmaster of Huntington, then beginning its 
use. In this office he came in touch naturally with the business interests 
of the city, and devoted himself, there is uniform testimony, to its 
ad\anceinent. He has been prominent also in other ways, as a man of 



124 WEST VIRGINIA 

family and a citizen, and is a stockholder in the Huntington Bank and 
Trust Company. He is a Republican in politics, an Episcopalian by 
denomination. 

He is the father of eight children, four now living, as follows: i. 
James Anthony, the congressman above-referred to, an able and success- 
ful man of West Mooreland. 2. John George, of Ashland, Kentucky. 
3. Edwin Stephen, of Catlettsburg, Kentucky. 4. Arthur Marcus, of 
Louisa, Kentucky. James W. Hughes' wife, Ellen (McNuIty) Hughes, 
who came over from Ireland with him, died here in 1898. 



Hansford Watts, a Virginian, born in Tazewell county of 
\\^'\TTS the Old Dominion, who died in 1900, at the age of eighty- 
nine, — born therefore in 181 1, — wa^ the paternal grand- 
father of our subject. He was a farmer of Wayne county. West Vir- 
ginia, pretty much all his life, following this vocation there except in 
war time, near Lavalette. He was a wheel-horse of the confederacy, in 
the days of the Rebellion, from first to last "in the thick of it," as one of 
Sam Vinson's command. The maternal grandfather of Mr. Watts was 
Jesse Maynard. He was of Wayne county, also, and likewise attached 
to the soil. He too was a soldier of the "gray," and served it with devo- 
tion and heroism. He died at the age of eighty years in the old Watts 
home. 

(II) Harrison Watts, still living on a small farm in the outskirts of 
Huntington, at the age of seventy years, is Mr. Watts' father. He served 
also under the stars and bars, though for a short time, being hardly 
more than a boy during the war between the states. His wife was Sarah 
(Maynard) Watts, born in Wayne county. West Virginia, died there in 
October, 1904, at the age of sixty-four years. Of their issue, numbering 
seven, five are still living: Alderson, of Huntington ; Dr. Alvis J., also of 
that city; Charles N., a member of the police force there; Hansford, of 
whom further; Jessie Mary, died at the age of eighteen in 1887; and 
Harrison, died in 1902. 

(III) Hansford Watts (known as "Hans") was born in Wayne 
county. West Virginia, February 4, 1873, on his father's fann, East 
Lynn, the old Watts homestead. His earlier schooling was acquired in 
that part of the country. When the boy was seventeen years old, about 
1890, the father bought a flour mill at Wayne Court House, Wayne 
county, West Virginia, and moved the family there. In this mill our 
subject was employed. He was head miller there, until he came of age 
in 1894. Then he received an appointment in the Federal service, and 
abandoned the milling line. This appointment was that of Deputy 
L'nited States Marshal in McDowell county, under Marshal S. S. Vin- 
son. He held this place with credit until 1896. That year brought him 
CO Huntington, and embarked him in the hotel business with Walter 
Davis. They established together the Hotel Adelphi, and with its man- 
agement Mr. Watts was successfully identified for something like five 
years. 

Then he started the Hans Watts Jewelry store in Huntington, on 
Third Avenue, between Ninth and Tenth streets. That was in 1901. 
The following year the building was torn down, the goods were removed 
to Ashland, Kentucky, where the business was continued. Mr. Watts 
went then into the hotel business again, and in 1906 into the real estate 
business, at first by himself for a year, and then as one of the firm of 
Thompson, Thornb'urg & ^^'atts, at No. 313 Ninth street, the original con- 
cern, the Hans \\^atts Realty Company, still continuing. Mr. Watts is a 



WEST MRGIXIA 125 

Democrat, an Elk and a member of the Fifth Avenue Baptist congrega- 
tion. He is a man of family and substance. 

He married, at Wayne Court House, Wayne county, his former 
home, July 20, 1889, Jennie Booton, a native of the place. Her father, 
JMcFarland Booton, was a prominent Wayne county cultivator of the 
soil. He is nowr living, in Huntington, the life of a man retired from 
business. Her mother, Margaret (Saunders) Booton, is with him. Mr. 
and Mrs. W^atts have two children, both living; Vickers Booton Watts, 
born April 10, 1902; and Margaret Vivian, November 17, 1904. 



This family name was originally spelled ( )'Xeal, the prefix 
NEAL being dropped in familiar usage, after the immigrant ances- 
tor had reached America. Thomas Neal, or O'Neal, ran 
away from home when he was a mere lad. He settled in the vicinity of 
the Kanawha salt mines, later moving to the Ohio country, where he mar- 
ried and reared a family. Among his children was a son. Elliott, of 
whom further. 

(H) Elliott, son of Thomas Neal nr ( )'Neal. was born in Lawrence 
county, Ohio, and died in 1892. aged sixty-three years. He was a resi- 
dent and farmer in his home county. He married . and had a 

son, Thomas J., of whom further. 

(HI) Thomas J., son of Elliott Neal, was born in 1852, died in 1904. 
He was a merchant and general storekeeper in the town of Bradrick. 
Ohio, for fifteen years or more of his life. He married Alice Langdon, 
born about 1855. died in 1892, daughter of Elijah Langdon. also a farm- 
er of Ohio, who departed this life in 1889. at the age of fifty-eight years. 
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. Neal had two children: i. Dr. William Elmer, 
of whom further. 2. Leonard B., who died of fever in the Philippines, 
having been a soldier in the Spanish-American war, a regular of Com- 
pany I. Second Regiment I'nited States Army, and holding the rank of 
corporal. He was a rising man when his career was cut short by death 
in 1900. 

(IV) Dr. William Elmer Neal. son of Thomas J. Neal. was born in 
Lawrence county, Ohio, October 14, T875, on his grandfather's farm. 
He attended school as a boy in the home district, and after a course at the 
Proctorville high school, from which he graduated in 1894. engaged in 
teaching school. This he followed for six years in Ohio and Kentucky. 
In 1900 he graduated from the National Normal University, Lebanon, 
Ohio, and from there proceeded to the Medical College of Ohio to study 
for his profession. He graduated from that institution in 1906. After 
spending part of 1906-07 in the Good Samaritan Hospital in the Queen 
City, he began practice. The first three years, 1907 to 1910. he put in at 
Proctorville, Ohio, coming then to Huntington, where he opened an of- 
fice at No. ioo3;4 Third avenue. He entered at once into an active and 
profitable career, which is expanding and progressing day by day. He 
has had business experience, also, having been manager for five years of 
his father's store at Bradrick. 

Dr. Neal is a Republican, though taking no active part here in poli- 
tics. He is a Mason, an Odd Fellow, a member of the Elks, and the 
Knights of the Golden Eagle. He also belongs to the Cabell County 
Medical Society, the West Virginia State Medical Society and the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, being also president of the Cabell County Or- 
ganization. In 1913 he became a member of the Huntington Chamber of 
Commerce. In the Greek letter fraternities, he has affiliated himself with 
Nu Sigma Nu. His religious belief is that of the Methodist church. 

Dr. Neal married, September 11, 1912, Susan, daughter of L. A. and 
Ruth (Garden) Witten, who was born in Monroe county, Ohio. 



126 WEST X'lRGIXIA 

There are supposed tn be at least three Emmons tami- 
EMAl()i\S hes in the United States: One of Dutch origin found in 

Xew York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania: one English, 
(lesceniled from William Emmons, who came from England about 1 718, 
and settled first at Taunton, Alassachusetts, afterward near Litchfield, 
Litchfield county, Connecticut : and the third, also English, whose ances- 
tor settled at Newport, Rhode Island. Erom the second of these families 
have come several distinguished men. 

(I) Carlton Emmons, the first mem1)er of this family about whom 
we have definite information, was born in New ^'ork state, and lived to 
the age of seventy-five. He was a farmer. Child: Delos White, of 
whom further. 

(II) Delos White, son of Carlton Emmons, was born at Oneonta, 
Otsego county, New York, about 1829, died at Huntington, Cabell coun- 
ty, West Virginia, in 1905. He succeeded John J. Gould in a tanning busi- 
ness in a Fulton county, New York, village, which village was afterward 
named from him, Emmonsburg; the tanning business was the chief in- 
dustry of the place. Here he was postmaster and kept a general store. 
Eor twenty-five years he was associated with CoUis P. Huntington. He 
selected the site of the present city of Huntington, West Virginia, and 
named it after Air. Huntington. His sons have erected a ten-thousand- 
dollar mausoleum to his memory, in Spring Hill cemetery, Huntington. 
He married Mary J., born in 183 1, daughter of Asa Stoddard, now 
(1913) living at "Pleasant View," the Emmons homestead in Huntington. 
She is a sister of the first Mrs. CoUis P. Huntington, and a relative of the 
famous lecturer, John L. Stoddard : her father was a farmer near Litch- 
field, Connecticut, and had a large family. Children of Delos White and 
Mary J. (Stoddard) Emmons; all living at Huntington: Arthur Stod- 
dard, of whom further : Collis Huntington, engaged in the hardware busi- 
ness ; Carlton D., engaged in the hardware business : Julius A., engaged in 
the real estate business ; Elizabeth S., who owns the big Watts store at 
Huntington and other valuable properties. 

(III) Arthur Stoddard, son of Delos White and Mary J. (Stoddard) 
Emmons, was born at Oneonta, New York. August 5, 1852. He attended 
school at Fairfield. Herkimer county. New York, and at Utica. He helped 
his father in the general store and postoffice at Emmonsburg, and was 
with him in business ten years in all. Coming then to West Virginia, he 
was for three years with the construction department of the Chesapeake 
& Ohio railroad, at various points, supervising the moving of cars and 
locomotives, on barges, from Parkersburg to Huntington. Afterward, 
he was in the service of this railroad as engineer, car distributor, conduc- 
tor, way master, traveling auditor, ticket agent at Richmond, Virginia, 
for three years, and general purchasing agent for nine years, making a 
total of nineteen years' service. In 1890 he purchased an interest in a 
wholesale hardware business, the Emmons-Hawkins Company, the larg- 
est in West Virginia, of which he is vice-president : and at this time he 
fixed his residence at Huntington. During the past three years, he has 
built the Hotel Arthur, at Third avenue and Twenty-second street, of 
which he has retained the ownership. Two years ago he erected the ele- 
gant and modern Emmons Apartments, at Third avenue and Twelfth 
street. Mr. Emmons is a member of tlTe Benevolent and Protective Or- 
der of Elks, and of the National Union of Commercial Travelers. He 
is a Democrat. In the First Presbyterian Church, he is treasurer and a 
deacon. He married, at Little Falls, Herkimer county. New York, Ma}' 
S,, daughter of Henry I. and Sarah (Sherwood) Petrie, of Emmons- 
burg; her parents are both deceased. Mrs. Emmons has taken an active 
and leading part in social and charitable affairs, and for fifteen years was 




^^^^c^-Z^^T^S^^^^^'^^^^^^z^'^z;^^ 



WEST \IK(iIXIA 

president of the Ladies" Aitl Society of the First rre>bvterian Chu; 
They have no children. 



Frederick Cliarles Prichard is known as one of the 
PRICHARD foremost men in the development of the coal fields of 

\'irginia and Kentucky, and is descended from families 
native to the soil of both states. His grandfather, Lewis Prichard. spent 
his whole life in Boyd county. Kentucky, as a farmer and skn'chrildcr, 
and died there at the age of eighty-one years. 

(II) Dr. Lewis Prichard, son of Lewis Prichard, was born in Boyd 
county, Kentucky, near Catlettsburg, and is still living in Charleston. 
West Virginia. He is still the president of the Charleston National 
Bank, and is one of the directors of the Huntington Banking & Trust 
Company of Huntington, although he has now attained the age of sev- 
enty-three years. During civil war times, he sympathized with the 
cause of the Confederacy. His wife, Sarah Belle ^lead. born in Green- 
up county, Kentucky, was the daughter of Henry Armstead and Betsey 
( Powell ) Mead. Mr. Mead, a native-born Virginian and slaveholder, 
died at the age of ninety-three in Kentucky, where he moved as a young 
man, and had become prominent in agricultural pursuits. Dr. Lewis 
Prichard and his wife had three children: Henry Lewis, and Armstead 
Mead, who are now living in Charleston : and Frederick Charles, of 
whom further. 

(III) Frederick Charles Prichard. son of Dr. Lewis Prichard. was 
born March 21. 1871, in Grayson, Carter county, Kentucky. His educa- 
tion in the public schools of his birthplace was supplemented by a course 
in civil engineering at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, from 1887 
to 1 89 1. His business career began in the Charleston National Bank, of 
Charleston, West Virginia, of which institution his father was president, 
and his brother Henry L., was cashier. He remained in this position 
until 1895, when he entered the grocery business in the employ of Lewis, 
Hubbard & Company, wholesale grocers of Charleston, with whom he 
remained until 1898. Starting an independent mercantile line, he moved 
to Poca, Putnam county. West Mrginia. There he also had the oppor- 
tunity of using his knowledge of civil engineering by assisting the Mar- 
mot-Smith Coal Company at their mines near Poca, and other engineer- 
ing work. In July, 1900, he became superintendent of the White Oak 
Fuel Company, a large coal plant in Fayette county, controlling five 
thousand acres of coal. In this connection, one of his engineering feats 
was the sinking of the first deep circular shaft in that countv, its dimen- 
sions being twenty-two feet wide by four hundred feet deep. After 
serving this company for a period of thirteen months, he sold his interest 
in the concern and formed a combination with his present partner, 
Houghton A. Robson. organizing the Falls Colliery Coal Company, of 
which Mr. Prichard was chosen president. Having realized on these 
mines, the partners invested in coal lands of Fayette, Boone and Raleigh 
counties, West Virginia, and thev rode on horseback to make survey of 
mineral territory in Wise, Dickerson and Russell counties. \^irginia, and 
eastern Kentucky, also. About 1902 they established three mines of 
their own on Cabin Creek, under the corporate name of the Belleclaire 
Coal Company. These they sold, in February, 1907, to the Cabin Creek 
Consolidated Coal Company, which is now operating them. After this 
insurance and real estate engaged the attention of Messrs. Prichard and 
Robson. first in the development of Charleston, and after October, 1909, 
in Huntington ; in February, 1909, they had purchased the lot on which 
stands the ten-story building of the Huntington Banking & Trust Com- 



128 WEST VIRGINIA 

pany. This building, begun October 28, 1909, and completed by March, 
191 1, cost about three hundred thousand dollars. It was built of rein- 
forced concrete, every carload of which was specially tested, and the 
building is open on all four sides to daylight. 

The Huntington Banking & Trust Company was incor])orated Decem- 
ber 6, 1910, and after its stock had been put on sale, February i, 191 1, 
without solicitation, there was in two months an over-subscription of 
fifty thousand dollars. Its prosperity is shown by capital stock and aver- 
age deposits, each figuring at three hundred thousand. On May 22, 
191 1, its opening day, forty-five thousand dollars was deposited, and two 
weeks later a total of one hundred and fifty-one thousand was shown in 
the statement called for on June 7, 191 1. Its officers are: B. W. Foster, 
president ; R. Switzer and F. C. Prichard, vice-presidents ; and C. P. 
Snow, cashier ; and Mr. Prichard's father, Dr. Lewis Prichard, is asso- 
ciated with his son among the directors of the concern. 

]\Ir. Prichard is a member of the Huntington Chamber of Commerce, 
treasurer of the Foster-Mead Hardware Company, secretary and treas- 
urer of Loar-Berry & Company, wholesale grocers, and treasurer of the 
Hughes Ellis-Boyd Tobacco Warehouse Company of Huntington, West 
Virginia ; also secretary of the Deardorff-Sister Company, of Hunting- 
ton ; secretary and treasurer of the Mercantile Land Company, which 
has valuable improved property on 9th street and 6th avenue, Huntington. 

Frederick Charles Prichard is decidedly in favor of casting his ballot 
for the political candidate whose character is best suited to the office in 
question. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and the United 
Commercial Travellers. He attends the First Presbyterian Church. On 
October 24, 1894, he married, at La Porte, Indiana, Alice Clare Wilson, 
a native of that town, whose father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Hardy 
Wilson, now live in Michigan City, Indiana. Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Prichard 
have no children. 



Dr. John Harness Steenbergen. is of pioneer an- 
STEENBERGEN cestry. His paternal grandfather. General Peter 

H. .Steenbergen. was one of the early settlers of 
Mason county, and was a veteran of the second war with Great Britain. 
He came to Alason county, Virginia, as early as 1804, and finally settled 
there in 180S. He was a farmer and stock breeder there, and acquired 
his title of colonel first, and of general in the war of 1812. He sur- 
vived to a good old age, dying there about 1865, at the age of seventy- 
two years. 

(II) John William Steenbergen, son of General Peter H. Steenber- 
gen, is still living at the age of eighty-one years. He resides on the old 
family estate, "Poplar Grove Farm," on the Baltimore and Ohio railway. 
Mason county. West Virginia, which road has a station, known as Galli- 
polis Ferry and trains stop there regularly, under an agreement made 
many years ago. He has been a farmer there during the greater part of 
his career, and is a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute, Lexing- 
ton, class of 1849. He married a daughter of Isaac Van Meter; he was 
born in Lexington, Kentucky, on the old family place. He was a farmer 
of the "Blue Grass State," and had sons who fought under the Confeder- 
ate "Stars and Bars." She died in 1898, at the age of fifty-four years. 
There were six children, all of whom are living and all are married. 
Children : William, of Point Pleasant, West Virginia ; and Peter H., of 
the same place: Isaac V.. of Columbia. Missouri: Frances, now Mrs. 
Clyde Johnson, of Louisville. Kentucky: Charles L., of Paris, Kentucky, 
and John Harness, of whom further. 



WEST VIRGINIA 129 

(III) Dr. John Harness Steenbergen was born in Mason county, 
West Virginia, November 4, 1883, on his father's farm, at Galhpolis Fer- 
ry, known as "Poplar Grove Farm." He received his rudimentary edu- 
cation in private schools until he was thirteen years of age. He was then 
sent to the Gallia Academy, Gallipolis, Ohio, and there remained until 
he graduated in 1900. The following year he went to Washington and 
Lee University, at Lexington, Virginia, and there took a special course 
in chemistry. In 1904 he entered the state university of West X'irginia, 
at Morgantown, and remained there as a student of medicine, for two 
years. Thence he proceeded to the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
at Baltimore, Maryland, from which he graduated, with the medical de- 
gree, of Doctor of Medicine, in 1908. He had been an interne of the 
Mercy Hospital that city, while still a student and after his graduation 
was appointed to a place in that institution as resident physician. Here 
he served a year and then, in 1909, established himself in Huntington. 

In the fall of 1910, he formed a partnership here with Dr. J. A. Guthrie. 
The following spring they opened their hospital at Sixth avenue and 
Sixth street, one of the best equipped, most modern and up-to-date in 
the land. It is especially prepared for surgical operations and has a 
most expert scientific staff. This continued until June, 1912, when Dr. 
Steenbergen sold his interest and has since practiced alone. 

Dr. Steenbergen takes a lively interest in politics, but endeavors to 
preserve, as to its issues, an open mind. He is an Elk, and a Mason, a 
member of the Blue Lodge and Ben Hur, a member of several Greek let- 
ter college fraternities, and in religious faith a Presbyterian. He mar- 
ried, September 20, 191 1, Jessie J. Fitch, who was born in Morgantown. 
Her father. Dr. James P. Fitch, and her mother also are natives of Mor- 
gantown. 



Jean Frederick Smith, of Huntington, ex-prosecuting attor- 
SMITH ney for Cabell county, in addition to being a leader in his 

profession is prominently identified with a number of the 
principal financial institutions and business interests of the city of which 
he has long been one of the foremost residents. 

(I) Henry Smith (the German form of the name being Schmidt), 
grandfather of Jean Frederick Smith, was born in Berlin, Prussia, emi- 
grated to the United States, settling on Long Island, New York, and 
died shortly after arriving in his adopted country. 

(II) Adolphus H., son of Henry .Smith, was born in Berlin, and at 
the age of fourteen vears accompanied his mother to the United States 
whither his father had preceded them. His youth and early manhood 
were passed on Long Island, and he is now a farmer at Pedro, Ohio. 
During the civil war he served fifteen months in the Union army. 
Adolphus H. Smith married Nellie Ellen, daughter of John O. Moore, 
who came from Scotland and settled at Ohio Furnace, and three chil- 
dren were born to them : Myrtie M. ; Ada O. ; Jean Frederick, mentioned 
below. Mrs. Smith died five years ago, and I\Tr. Smith is now sixty-five 
years old. 

fill) Jean Frederick, son of Adolphus H. and Nellie Ellen (Moore) 
Smith, was born May 4, 1874, at Powellsville, Ohio. He received his 
education in the local schools, and after leaving school found employ- 
ment in the Furnace store, twenty miles from Ironton, remaining seven 
vears. At the end of that time he entered the Law School of the West 
Virginia State LTniversity, at !\Torgantown, West Virginia, graduating 
in June, 1900. He at once opened an office in Huntin,gton, where he has 
since continuously practised, acquiring a large clientele and building up 

9 



13<J WEST \IRGIXIA 

a reputation founded on close application, extensive and profound knowl- 
edge of the law and a high degree of ability as a practitioner. In July, 
191 1, he was elected vice-president of the State Bar Association of We.-t 
Virginia. 

JNIr. Smith is a director in the Suburban Land Company and tlu- 
Swan Printing and Publishing Company, and a stockholder in the Hunt- 
ington Kenova Land Company, the Wiley China Company, the Union 
Savings Bank and Trust Company, and in various oil companies. In 
politics he is a Republican, and was elected by his party to the office of 
prosecuting attorney for Cabell county, entering upon the discharge of 
his duties January i, 1909. In his administration of the office he proved 
himself at once an able lawyer and a public-spirited citizen, his term 
expired January i, 1913. His fraternal affiliations are with Masonry in 
all its branches, the Mystic Shrine, the Knights Templar, the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, the Independent Order Odd Fellows, the 
Knights of Pythias and the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

Mr. Smith has already won laurels at the bar, but a man who has not 
yet completed his fourth decade has still before him the larger portion of 
his career, and when the past is filled with accomplishment it is reason- 
able to predict even greater results for the future. 



One of the most progressive and clear-headed business men 
BELL of Huntington is Homer Beli, treasurer of the well known 

firm of Sehon, Stevenson & Company. JNIr. Bell is a descend- 
ant of ancestors who have been for generations resident in Virginia and 
West Virginia, giving to both states useful and public-spirited citizens. 

(I) William Bell, grandfather of Homer Bell, was born on the home- 
stead in Nicholas county, now West Virginia, where he passed his life as 
a farmer. He died about 1896, aged eighty-one years. 

(II) Samuel, son of William Bell, was born on the ancestral farm, 
and like his father devoted himself to its cultivation. During the war 
between the states his sympathies were with the south. He married 
Maria, a native of Nicholas county, daughter of Winston Shelton. who 
was also born in that part of the state which is now West Virginia : he 
was a farmer and merchant at Winston, the town having been named in 
his honor : throughout the war he served as captain of infantry in the 
Confederate army, three of his sons also bearing arms in the southern 
cause. Samuel Bell and his wife were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : I. Homer, mentioned below. 2. John A., of Nashville, Tennessee. 
3. A^ina \L. wife of Dr. S. F. Roberts, of Wheeling, West Mrginia. 4. 
Robert C, of New Orleans, Louisiana. 3. xAnnie, lives with her mother, 
in Huntington. 6. Katie B., wife of Frank Frame, of Sutton, West Vir- 
ginia. 7. Richard W., of El Reno, Oklahoma. 8. Nora, wife of Harry 
H. Huff, of Gassaway, West Virginia. Samuel Bell died on his farm, 
March 6, 1901, aged sixty-one years. 

(HI) Homer, eldest child of Samuel and Maria (Shelton) Bell, was 
born January 15, 1868, on the old homestead in Nicholas county. He re- 
ceived his education in the local schools, in which he afterward taught for 
three years. At the end of that time, feeling desirous of larger oppor- 
tunities for mental culture than he had hitherto enjoyed, he came in 1888 
to Huntington, and entered Marshall College, remaining one year, and 
afterward teaching for two years in Fayette and Kanawha counties. In 
1891 Mr. Bell returned to Huntington and obtained a position in the 
Huntington National Bank which he retained five years. He then be- 
came bookkeeper for the Emmons-Hawkins Hardware Company, remain- 
ing with them about two years. In 1897 he entered the service of the 



SS LILLIAN BELL TO TOUR EUROPE 
TH PARTY FROM WARD-BELMONT 



MISS LILLIAN BELL 



Lillian Bell, daughter of Mr. 
rs. Homer Bell, of Sixth avenue, 
lil from Quebec, Canada, June 
:h a party of twelve former 
ates of Ward-Belmont College 
shville, on a summer tour of 

ided in the foreign itinerary 
by the young ladies are Eng- 
Bcotland, France, Italy, Switzer- 
md Belgium. Of the especial 
of interest they will visit the 
ield of Flanders, which they will 
by automobile, is particularly 

B Bell is a graduate of Ward-Bel- 
of the class of 1919, and since 
ommencement has devoted her 
LO teaching in the grade schools 
intington. She will leave this 



city Jun? 13 for Quebec, and plans to 
return during the latter part of Sep- 
tember. 



WEST MRGINIA 131 

firm with which he is now associated, tlie style being then Sehon, Blake 
& Stevenson, wholesale grocers. At the time of the tire in INIarch, 1901, 
he resigned his position in order to open a wholesale grocer)' store under 
the firm name of Blake, Bell & Company. At the end of fifteen months 
he disposed of his interest in the business, and returned in October, 1902, 
to his former employers, then Sehon, Stevenson & Company. In April, 
1908, when the company was incorporated, Mr. Bell was advanced to the 
position of treasurer. Generously interested in everything pertaining to 
the welfare and advancement of his home city, all projects having that 
ond in view are sure of his hearty co-operation. He is a stockholder in 
the Huntington National Bank, and his sound judgment in regard to 
financial aflfairs causes him to be frequently consulted on the subject by 
his friends and neighbors. He is a Democrat in politics and afifiliates with 
the IVlasonic fraternity. He is a member of the Fifth Avenue Baptist 
Church. 

Mr. Bell married, December 29, 1897, at Rushville, Indiana, Lotta, 
born at that place, October 6, 1872, daughter of Benjamin Franklin and 
Charlotte Morris, the former a farmer and a pioneer of Rushville ; he 
survived his wife, and died in March, 1901, his funeral, by a singular 
coincidence, occurring on the day which witnessed the death of ^Ir. 
Bell's father. Mr. and Mrs. Bell are the parents of one daughter : Lil- 
lian Alice, born December 19, 1898, and now attending school in Hunting- 
ton. Mr. Bell's assured position as a business man and financier is due 
to innate ability enforced by untiring industry, indomitable energy and 
undeviating adherence to the strictest principles of integrity. 



There are numerous families of this name in the United 
WOOD States, and the immigrant ancestors came from several 

parts of England. It is highly probable that there is no one 
ancestor for all of this name, as it is one that may easily have been applied 
to many persons and many families. 

(I) Rev. Charles Washington Wood, a descendant of one of the 
early pioneer families of the Old Dominion Virginia, was born in Bed- 
ford county, and lived to the age of eighty-two years. His father dying 
while he vvas an infant, Charles W. Wood was brought up by his step- 
father, and knew little about his father. At the age of eighteen years 
he was overseer of slaves on a farm. Later in life he became a preacher. 
He married Mary Ann Ore, born in Bedford county, who lived to be 
eighty-two years of age. Her father was a native of England. Chil- 
dren: I. Sarah Katherine, married L. C. Reynolds, of Danville, Pittsyl- 
vania county, Virginia. 2. John, died in 1906, married Sallie Gardner. 
3. Laura Elizabeth, married J. H. Fuller, of Callands, Pittsylvania coun- 
ty, Virginia. 4. Melissa E., died about 1895, married J. R. Bailey. 5. 
Matthew Lawrence, of whom further. 6. Missouri Alice, married D. 
Edmunds, of Yanceyville, Caswell county, North Carolina. 7-8. Two 
others, deceased. 

(Ill") Rev. Matthew Lawrence Wood, son of Rev. Charles Washing- 
ton and Mary Ann (Ore) Wood, was born in Bedford county, Virginia, 
October 23, 1858. The family moved to Pittsylvania county when he 
was eleven years old. Here he had his first education. Afterward he 
attended Richmond College, Richmond, Virginia, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1884, and the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky. His first pastorates were two churches in Charles City 
countv, Virginia, beginning in June, 1885. After one year he assumed 
charge of the ^^'est End Baptist Church, Petersburg, Dinwiddle county, 
Virginia, where he remained two years. From this place he removed to 



132 WEST VIRGINIA 

Newport News ,and there he remained eight years. For the next ten 
years he was at Staunton, Augusta county, Virginia. In October, 1905, 
he came to Huntington, and has had charge of the Fifth Avenue Baptist 
Church since that time. There were then five hundred and eighty-eight 
members; the membership is now nearly one thousand, composed of the 
leading business and social element of Huntington. The congregation is 
a wealthy one, and they have a fine building. Mr. Wood is a Mason, a 
Knight Templar, and a member of the IMystic Shrine. He is a Democrat. 
He married (first) December 22, 1886, at Richmond, Virginia, Bessie 
Hoge, a native of Richmond, who died at Staunton, December 22, 1896; 
(second) December 20, 1902, at Washington, D. C, Mary Emma, 
daughter of John W. and Martha (Gregory) Fitzgerald, who was born 
in Pittsylvania county, November 19, 1868. Her parents now live in 
Pittsylvania county, where her father is a farmer. Children, three by 
first, two by second marriage: i. Lawrence Curry, born December 17, 
1889; now with the Atlas Portland Cement Company, at Chicago, Illi- 
nois. 2. Charles Rowland, born September 13, 1890; educated at Deni- 
son University, Granville, Licking county, Ohio; now with the IVilliam- 
son Daily Nezvs, Williamson, West Virginia. 3. Miriam, born March 
23, 1895; graduate of Huntington high school, in the class of 1912. 4. 
John Edmund Fitzgerald, born October 19, 1903. 5. Matthew Leland, 
born April 8, 1907. 



This is a Teutonic name, denoting occupation or locality. 
SEAMAN There are Seamans in Norfolk county, England, entitled 

to arms. Captain John Seaman, the founder of this 
family, came from England about 1645. Two years after this date, he 
was one of the proprietors of Hempstead, Long Island, New York. He 
was a magistrate of Hempstead under the Dutch government, and held 
office also under the short restoration of Dutch rule. He was a land- 
holder under the first English patent of Hempstead. Apparently he was 
a Quaker in rehgion. His will was iiroved March 25, 1695. He married 
(first) Elizabeth, daughter of John Strickland, (second) Martha, daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Martha (Youngs) Moore. Children, five first-named 
by first, others by second wife; John, married Hannah Williams; Jona- 
than, of whom further: Benjamin, married Martha Titus: Solomon, 
died 1733, married Elizabeth Linnington ; Elizabeth, married John Jack- 
son : Thomas ; Samuel, married Phebe Hicks ; Nathaniel, married, in 
1695, Rachel Willis: Richard, born in 1673, died in 1749. married, in 
1693, Jane Mott ; Sarah, married John Mott : Martha, married Nathaniel 

Pearsall : Hannah, married Carman ; Deborah, married Kirk ; 

, married Carman : ]\Tary. married Thomas Pearsall ; one other. 

(II) Jonathan, son of Captain John and Elizabeth (Strickland) Sea- 
man, married Jane . Children : David, married Temperance Wil- 
liams : Jonathan (2), of whom further; John, married Hannah Wil- 
liams ; Joseph ; Caleb. 

(III) Jonathan (2), son of Jonathan (i) and Jane Seaman, 
removed, as also did his brother Joseph, to Kakiat, Rockland county. 
New York, in or soon after 171 1. His will was proved in 1755. He 
married Elisabeth Denton. Children: Jonathan (3). who went to Vir- 
ginia, and left one son and one daughter; Jonas, married Jane D. Moss, 
went to Virginia, had seven sons and seven daughters ; Jecaniah, married 
Rachel Secor; John; Elisabeth, married John Palmer; Martha, married 
Michael Vandervort ; Phebe, married Samuel Coe ; Hannah, married 
William Coe. From this Jonathan (2), by his son Jonathan or by his 



WEST VIRGINIA 



133 



son Jonas, we suppose John Seaman, of whom further, to have been 
descended. 

(V) John Seaman was born at WheeHng, Virginia, in 1786, and died 
in 1873. His father had served in the revolution and the wars against 
the Indians. He married Elizabeth Harrison, who was born in Harrison 
county, Kentucky. Child : Harrison, of whom further. 

(VI) Harrison, son of John and Elizabeth (Harrison) Seaman, was 
born at Marietta, Ohio, December 23, 1812, died January 6, 1896. He 
was a farmer in Missouri, in which state most of his life was passed. He 
married Louisa, born in Goochland county, ^'"irginia, in 181 5, died in 
1905, daughter of William Bates. Her father lived to the age of sev- 
enty-eight : his father, also named William, was with Lewis in the signifi- 
cant battle of Point Pleasant ; in this great struggle, the Indians were led 
by the brave, skillful, humane and admirable chief, Cornstalk; they were 
utterly defeated after a hard fight, October 10, 1774. Children of Harri- 
son and Louisa (Bates') Seaman: Elizabeth, married W. L. C. Ruther- 
ford ; Hulda, married J. M. S. Rouse ; Cynthia, married John Lipes ; 
William Jackson, of whom further ; John ; Anna, married H. B. Beck- 
ner; Robert H., born in 1856, married, January 3, 1883, Anna L. Brook- 
ing; Lucy, married Julius C. IMcReynolds. 

fVH) William Jackson, son of Harrison and Louisa (Bates) Sea- 
man, was born on his father's farm, near Labelle, Lewis county, Mis- 
souri, March 16, 1848. He attended country schools, and afterward 
LaGrange College, LaGrange, Lewis county, Missouri, from which he 
graduated in 1875. In 1899 he graduated from the American School of 
Osteopathy, at Kirksville, Adair county, Missouri. He had taught school 
for fifteen years, and been a civil engineer, in Missouri, for nine years. 
He now has a large practice at Huntington, Cabell county, West Vir- 
ginia, having offices in the Vinson-Thompson Building, Nos. 401 and 
402. He is a member of the Blue Lodge of Masons and of the Owls. 
In politics he is a Democrat. He is a member of the Fifth Avenue Bap- 
tist Church. He married, at Elsberry, Lincoln county, Missouri, May 
24, 1882, Annie, born at Elsberry. daughter of Benjamin M. and Vir- 
ginia (Harvey) Vance. Her father, a farmer, was born in 1823, and 
died in 1891 ; her mother died in 1900. Mrs. Seaman is also a graduate 
of LaGrange College, in the class of 1878, and of the American School 
of Osteopathy, in the class of 1900. Child : Milton Vance, born July 10, 
1884 ; he is solicitor for the Bell Telephone Company, at Huntington. 



This is one of the numerous names which originally 
WTLSO\ marked a man as the son of his father; in this case, the 

name of the father from whom the surname started would 
be William ; the name is therefore equivalent to Williamson or Williams. 
For the Scotch Wilsons descent is claimed from a Danish prince, and it 
is said that the family has been established from a remote period in the 
Orkney Islands. There are probably hundreds of families of Wilsons in 
America, having no common ancestor, or at least no common American 
ancestor. The Wilsons in America before 1700 would make a long list, 
extending from Maine southward. The name is very common in Penn- 
sylvania, from which the present family came into West A-^irginia, and- 
elsewhere ; and Pennsylvania has received immigrants of this name from 
Scotland and Ireland. 

(I) Samuel, the first member of the present family about whom we 
have definite information, was horn in Pennsylvania, and died in Cabell 
county. West A^irginia, about 1853, where the greater part of his life 
had been passed. He was a carpenter and boat builder, and had his 



134 WEST VIRGINIA 

homestead and farm near Blue Sulphur Springs and Barboursville. He 
married Hester Lee, of Virginia, who is said to have been of the family 
from which General Robert E. Lee sprung. Child : Asa Lee, of whom 
further. 

(IIj Asa Lee, son of Samuel and Hester (Lee) Wilson, was born in 
Ohio in 1817, and died in Huntington, Cabell county. West Virginia, in 
June, 1896. Here he had lived the major part of his life, and was a con- 
tractor for building houses and bridges. His sympathies in the civil war 
were with the south. He married (first) Mary, daughter of Reuben and 
Jestine (Keeton) Sandridge, who was born in Virginia; she died in 1852. 
Her father was a Virginian, and lived and died at Huntington ; her moth- 
er died about 1870, being nearly one hundred years old, and was a pen- 
sioner. Children of Asa Lee and Mary (Sandridge) Wilson: Elizabeth, 
married Dr. Satterfield. lives in Oklahoma ; Lemuel, a farmer of Fudge 
Creek, Cabell county, was a Confederate soldier, one of the rangers at- 
tached to the Eighth Virginia cavalry, served throughout the war, and 
was wounded in two battles; Fannie, married Newton Keenan (deceased). 
of Huntington ; John Thomas, of whom further ; Emily, married T. W. 
Flowers, of Huntington ; Martha Ellen, living at Huntington ; Eliza, de- 
ceased. Mr. Wilson married (second) Mary Ann (Doolittle) Harsh- 
barger. Children by second marriage : Lillian, married T. F. Gentry, of 
Huntington ; Margaret, married Harry Ball, of Carrollton, Missouri ; 
Georgia, died by drowning; Hester deceased, married Joseph Blanchard. 

(Ill) John Thomas, son of Asa Lee and Mary (Sandridge) Wilson, 
was born in Cabell county, West \'irginia, November 30, 1845. He was 
brought up on the old homestead farm, and educated in the subscription 
schools of the neighborhood, and until he was twenty-three years old, 
helped his father on the farm ; he then entered into contracting. The 
Chesapeake and Ohio railroad was being built at that time through this 
district, and for three years he was engaged in general teaming work in 
connection with this railroad building ; then in 1873 he moved to Hunting- 
ton, and farmed ; the land on which he farmed then is now residential 
property. At this he continued only one year, when he entered the em- 
ployment of the Chesapeake and Ohio railroad, and for twelve years he 
was inspector of cars. While he was thus employed, he served four 
terms of one year each in the city council of Huntington ; being later 
vilected constable for the Guyandotte district, for a four-year term, he 
left the railroad service, and in 1893 he was elected first deputy sheriff, 
and served four years in this capacity. In 1897 he entered, into partnership 
with F. D. Boyer, under the name of Wilson & Boyer, and dealt in real 
estate, and three years later when this firm was dissolved, Mr. Wilson con- 
tinued in the same business under his own name only, and he has since 
been engaged in the real estate business, buying and selling. He is inter- 
ested in the Wilson Sand and Supply Company, which business is man- 
aged by his son, C. R. Wilson. He has stock in the First National Bank, 
the Huntington Banking & Trust Company, and the Huntington Land 
Company. In the building occupied by Sehon and Stevenson, wholesale 
grocers, he has a one-third interest, and the Kreider building, on Third 
avenue, is owned by him. Mr. Wilson is a Democrat in politics, and he 
IS a member of the Fifth Avenue Baptist Church. He married, near ( )na 
Station, Cabell county, January 28, 1869. Mary Amizetta, daughter of 
General McMahon, who was born in Cabell county. Her father died 
about eighteen years ago, and her mother, whose name was also Mary, 
died earlier. Children : Mamie Saline, married G. A. Northcott, of 
Huntington ; Charles R., whose sketch appears elsewhere in this work ; 
Garnet B.. married Dr. J. N. Alincev. of Mineral Wells, Palo Pinto coun- 
ty, Texas. 



WEST VIRGINIA 135 

The name Donaldson is said to be equivalent to Mac 
DONALDSON Donald, not only in meaning, but as being actually 

the same family's name. The clan MacDonald is 
one of the oldest and most important in Scotland, its chiefs being de- 
scended from Somerled, thane of Argyle, sometimes styled "King of the 
Isles," who flourished in the twelfth century. Donald is a well known 
personal name. The neighborhood of Newville, Cumberland county, 
Pennsylvania, was settled, in the eighteenth century, by numerous Scotch- 
Irish families. The following seems a probable line of descent to the 
Rev. Newton Donaldson, of Huntington, Cabell county. West Virginia. 
The name of the father of Andrew and William Donaldson who re- 
sided in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, is not definitely known. He 
was from northern Ireland and came to America before the revolutionary 
war. His son, William was a prosperous farmer and served as a captain 
in the revolution. He has numerous descendants in Cumberland county 
by the names of Stewart, ^McLaughlin, Myers and Dunlap. 

( II) Andrew, son of Donaldson, was thirteen years old when his 

father moved to America. He married Isabella Sproat, and her brother 
married Eve Donaldson, sister of Andrew. The house in which Andrew 
lived, near Newville, is still preserved. He removed from Cumberland 
county and settled in Slippery Rock creek, in Butler county. Child : 
John, of whom further. Andrew had a brother, name unknown, who 
went west. 

(III) John, oldest son of .Andrew Donaldson, was born near New- 
ville, June 17, 1788, died June 26, 1861. He was a farmer, and in 18 15 
he removed from Slippery Rock creek, to the township of Rockland, 
Venango county, Pennsylvania, and seven years later to Richland, in the 
same county. He married, ^lay 31, 1810, Nancy Adams, born .April 25, 
1787, in ]\IifBin county, Pennsylvania. Children : Isabella ; Ann, died in 
infancy; Ann M. ; Sarah; William A., of whom further; Andrew; John; 
Samuel, born July 9. 1825, married, February 13, 1850, Sarah E. Myers; 
Josiah. 

(IV) \\'illiam A., son of John and Nancy ('Adams) Donaldson, was 
born in \'enango county, Pennsylvania, October 20, 1819, and all his life 
he has been a farmer. He still lives in \'enango county, and is in posses- 
sion of his faculties, despite his great age. He married Sarah, daughter 
of James Hall, born October 31. 1820, in Venango county, died August 
18. 1891. Her father was a farmer of Venango county, who died in the 
ninetieth year of his age. Children: i. Cyrus, born IMay 5, 1843, died in 
Iowa, September 16, 1879: a physician. 2. Emma, died in infancy. 3. 
John H., born September 28, 1847, ^ farmer in Venango county. 4. 
Juliet, born October 10, 1849, a graduate of Edinboro State Normal, 
taught several vears, now living at home. 5. Heber. a lawyer, born Sep- 
tember 20, 1851, died INIarch 31. 1909. 6. Newton, of whom further. 7. 
Elma, born .April i, 1856, a graduate of Edinboro State Normal, a mis- 
sionary in India. 8. James ;\I., died in infancy. 

(A') Rev. Newton Donaldson, D. D., son of William and Sarah 
(Hall) Donaldson, was born on his father's farm in A'enango county, De- 
cember 13, 1853. He attended the public schools of the county, then went 
to Corsica academy, and afterward to Washington and Jefferson Col- 
lege, from which he graduated with the degree of .A. B., in 1879. After 
teaching for a year and a half in Cross Creek academy, W' ashington coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, he entered the Western Theological Seminary, in Pitts- 
burgh. From this institution he graduated in the spring of 1883. In the 
summer of the same year, he received the degree of .A. AI. from Wash- 
ington and Jetiferson College, and this college also conferred upon him the 
degree of D. D. in 1905. 



136 WEST VIRGINIA 

The summer of 1882 was passed in home mission work in Iowa. His 
lirst regular charge was at Washington, Guernsey county, Ohio, where 
]ie remained for four and one-half years. The next six years were passed 
at Bellevue, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania. In 1893 he came to Hunt- 
ington, Cabell county, West Virginia, and assumed charge of the First 
Piesbyterian Church. During this period its membership has increased 
from two hundred to six hundred and twenty-five (1913). In 1896 the 
present building was erected, which is valued at over forty thousand dol- 
lars ; it has a fine pipe organ and excellent equipments. Preparation is 
now being made to build an annex for Sunday-school purposes. Dr. Don- 
aldson, in 1905, was moderator of the synod of \''irginia, at Richmond. 
Since that year he has been a member of the board of directors of the 
Union Theological Seminary. 

Dr. Donaldson married, in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, Septem- 
ber 25, 1883, Lizzie J., daughter of John and Isabella '(Dunn) Martin, 
who was born in Pittsburgh. Both her parents have been dead for many 
years. Children: i. Dwight M., born December 16, 1884; a graduate of 
Washington and Jefferson College, has spent three years teaching in In- 
dia; at the present time studying at the Western Theological Seminary. 
2. William W., born December 25, 1885 ; now a student at Western Re- 
serve Medical College, Cleveland, Ohio. 3. Mary Lois, now a senior at 
Mt. Holyoke College, South Hadley, Massachusetts. 



James Daniel, the first member of this family of whom we 
DANIEL have definite information was a planter and slaveholder in 
Orange county, Virginia. His w'ife's name is unknown. 
Among his children was Beverly Ragland, referred to below. 

(II) Beverly Ragland, son of James Daniel, was born in 
Orange county, Virginia, about 1823, and died in 1900, aged seventy- 
seven years. He was in affluent circumstances and owned a large plan- 
tation with a quantity of slaves, and served in the Confederate army 
during the war between the states. He married Mar}^ daughter of Lewis 
Andrews of Orange county, born about 1831, and died in 1894, aged 
sixty-three years. Children : Zachary C, now living in Augusta county, 
Virginia; James B., now living in Orange county. Virginia; Elizabeth, 
died unmarried, aged forty-eight years: Sarah T., married H. C. Eddins 
of Washington, D. C. : Lewis Andrews, referred to below. 

(III) Lewis Andrews, son of Beverly Ragland and Mary (An- 
drews) Daniel, was born on his father's farm in Orange county, Vir- 
ginia, May 2, i860. He received his early education in the public 
schools and at Green Level Academy in Spottsylvania county, ^'irginia. 
He worked upon his father's farm until he was eighteen years of age 
and then went to Kentucky in the employ of a railroad contractor, being 
placed in charge of a gang of prisoners (with the office of warden of the 
prison), from the penitentiary who were working upon the railroad. He 
then entered the hotel business in Hinton, West Virginia, remaining 
there for some years, and was twice elected mayor of that town. Mr. 
Daniel came to Huntington in 1894 and has been connected almost con- 
tinuously in the hotel business since; he has been president of the L. .\. 
Daniel Hotel Company for seven years, who are the proprietors of the 
Florentine Hotel, one of the leading American plan hotels of West Vir- 
ginia. ^Tr. Daniel is a director of the .American National Bank and the 
American Bank & Trust Company of Huntington. He is a member of 
the Christian church and a Democrat in politics. He married in Lynch- 
burg, \^irginia, June 3. 1885. Mattie, daughter of Charles W. and Vir- 
ginia fPulliaml AlcCue, born in Albemarle countv. Mrginia. Children: 
Ri'tb: Marv: Anna Belle: Ouida. 



WEST VIRGINIA 



137 



William Moffatt, the first member of this family of 
MOFFATT whom we have definite information, was born in Vir- 
ginia, and died in Tennessee in 1859. He married Han- 
nah Lacy, born in Bedford county, Tennessee, about 1832, and died in 
1889, ^g^d fifty-seven years. Children: Hopkins L., now deceased; 
Elizabeth, married Thomas Drane; James Andrew, referred to below. 

(II) James Andrew, son of William and Hannah (Lacy) Alofifatt, 
was born in Bedford county, Tennessee. He received his early educa- 
tion in the public schools and worked on his father's farm until twenty 
years of age. He then entered the employ of the Bell Telephone 
Company in Tennessee and Kentucky, remaining with them for two 
years. He was then employed for one year by the Clifton Coal and 
Coke Company in Hopkins county, Kentucky, and for four years there- 
after by the Louisville Coal and Coke Company in Mercer county, West 
Virginia. For some years after he was a contractor, and in the hotel 
business in Kentucky and West \'irginia, and in December, 191 1, became 
a member of the L. A. Daniel Hotel Company in Huntington, West Vir- 
ginia, and one of the proprietors of the Florentine Hotel. He is a member 
of the Christian church and a Democrat in politics, and is a member of the 
Riasons and the Benevolent Protective Order Elks. He married, in 
McDowell county. West Virginia, November 26, 1893, Sophia E., daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Mattie (Hutchinson) Meek, born in Lawrence county, 
Kentucky. No children. 



It is supposed that all the Taylors are descended from a 
TAYLOR brave Norman baron named Taillefer, who lost his life 

at the battle of Hastings in 1066. His death called out 
an expression of anguish from the Normons, in which William the Con- 
queror is said to have joined. The modern form of the name is grad- 
ually approached, and is first found about 1350. There were Taylor 
settlers in New England, New Jersey, and several parts of the south. 
The best known, though not the only notable, representative of the 
family in this country was President Zachary Taylor, who was of Vir- 
ginian descent. The present family is descended from John Taylor, an 
early Carolinian. The immediate family has been of much prominence 
in Granville county. North Carolina. 

(I) Robert Taylor, the first member of this family about whom we 
have definite information, was born in Granville county, North Carolina, 
and died in 1850. He was a farmer; was twice married, and became the 
lather of five children: Isabella, Richard T., by first wife; Charles Henry 
Kennon, of whom further, Archibald, and Leonidas C, by second wife. 

(II) Charles Henry Kennon, son of Robert Taylor, was born in 
Granville county in 1817, and died at Huntington, Cabell county. West 
^'irginia, in 1901. He was a farmer and a slaveholder. He served in the 
North Carolina legislature, both in the senate and in the house. He mar- 
ried Martha A., daughter of Dr. Thomas A. Reild. who died in 1896. 
being over sixty years old. Her father, a native of Mecklenburg county, 
X'irginia, practiced medicine in his early life, but was afterward a 
farmer; he died just after the war, at the age of seventy. Children: 
Thomas Wallace, of whom further ; Ella, married James A. Marrow, 
lives in Granville county ; Martha, married Benjamin Johnson, lives at 
Huntington ; \\'illiam Leonidas, living at Mempliis, Tennessee ; Charles 
Wister, now mayor of Marianna, Lee county, Arkansas ; Fernando, liv- 
ing at Alexandria. \'irginia ; Marietta, died at the age of twenty-two ; 
Massillon, killed in the war, on the retreat from Gettysburg; Henry, 
accidentallv killed during the war. 



138 WEST MRGINIA 

(III) Judge Thomas Wallace Taylor, son of Charles Henry Kennon 
an<l Alartha A. (Feild) Taylor, was born in Mecklenburg county, North 
Carolina, September 23, 1842. He attended the academies at Oxford, 
Granville county, Xorth Carolina, and spent five years at J. H. Horner's 
academy. Going' then to the University of North Carolina at Chapel 
Hill, Orange county, he remained till the outbreak of the war, when he 
joined the Twelfth North Carolina Infantry, Company B. On June 27, 
1862, he was wounded in the leg, at the battle of Gaines" Mill, and on 
account of the resultant disability was discharged from the army. At 
the close of the war he entered the University of Virginia, from which 
he graduated in law in June, 1867. He is a member of the Delta Psi 
college fraternity. In the spring of 1874 he came to Huntington, and at 
first practiced law alone. Afterward he became a member of the law 
firm of Hoge, Harvey & Taylor. In 1884 he was elected magistrate, and 
he served for twelve years as justice of the* peace. In 1896 he resumed 
the practice of law alone. Six years ago he was elected judge of the 
criminal court of Cabell county, and this position he still holds. The 
I'niversity of North Carolina conferred upon him the honorary degree 
of Bachelor of Arts, May 30, 191 1. Judge Taylor is a Democrat. He 
is a Presbyterian, and an elder in the Presbyterian church. He married, 
at Staunton, Augusta county, A'irginia, about 1872, Maria L.. daughter 
of Charles Scott and Virginia (Crump) Trueheart, who was born at Pow- 
hatan. Powhatan county, Virginia, in 1842. Her father, deceased before 
the marriage, was a farmer, near Richmond ; her mother was a daughter 
of Dr. William Crump, minister to Chile during the administration of 
President Tyler. Children : Charles Trueheart. whose sketch follows : 
Harvey C. ; Martha, married R. M. Baker (see Baker sketch below) : and 
three others, deceased, who were William C, died aged four years ; 
Thomas W., and Powhatan. 



Dr. Charles Trueheart Taylor, son of Judge Thomas Wal- 
TAYLOR lace (q. v.) and Maria L. (Trueheart) Taylor, was born 

at Weldon, Halifax county. North Carolina, August 8, 
1872. In childhood he came to Huntington with his parents, and attended 
the common schools of Huntington and Marshall College. After this he 
went to the Central University, Richmond, Madison county. Kentucky, 
and the Hospital College of ^Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, graduating 
from the latter institution in 1897. Returning the next year to Hunting- 
ton, he was elected city clerk, where he served one term, and then re- 
turned to Louisville to the Grey Street Infirmary, where he served as in- 
terne ; and also took a post-graduate course. In 1900 he began practice 
in Huntington. In January, 191 1. he entered the partnership of Hogg, 
Taylor, Pritchard, and Rader, with offices on the second floor of the Rob- 
son-Pritchard Building. In 191 1, Dr. Taylor with others, took over the 
Huntington Hospital to what is now knov.-n as the Huntington General 
Hospital. This is one of the oldest institutions of its kind in Huntington, 
and has been equipped with the latest facilities for the care of its inmates : 
it amply accommodates forty patients. Dr. Taylor is a member of the 
Huntington Chamber of Commerce, the West \'irginia State Medical So- 
ciety, and the Cabell County Medical Society, and besides the city clerk- 
ship in 1898, he has been city physician of Huntington since 1907. Dr. 
Taylor is a Mason and a member of the ^Mystic Shrine ; also of the 
Knights of Pythias : he is past exalted ruler of the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, at Huntington, and head physician for the Modern 
Woodmen of America of the State of West A'irginia: a member' of the 
Maccabees, the Ancient Order of I'nited Workmen, and the Owls ; also of 




/^ti<J^ . ^^^£^r^ 




e • 7. ^^^>-. 



WEST VIRGINIA 



139 



the college fraternity, Phi Delta Theta. He was a member of old Com- 
pany I, West Virginia National Guards. In politics Dr. Taylor is a Dem- 
ocrat, and in religion he is a Presbyterian. He married, at Huntington, 
December 11, 1901, Bernice. daughter of James Stevenson, who was 
born at Beverly, Washington county, Ohio, in 1878, and died January 27, 
191 1. Her father was born in county Tyrone, Ireland, in 1832, and died 
in 1907; he came to America at the age of twelve. Children: Bernice, 
born January 15, 1903: Charles Trueheart, Jr., born August 11, 1905. 



Rollins Mahon Baker is of note as a leading member of the 
BAKER Huntington bar. He hails from the Ohio side of the river, 
and traces his lineage back to old New England stock. His 
grandfather, on the paternal side, was Nicholas Baker, born at Cape 
Cod, ;\Iassachusetts, who became a farmer of Athens, Ohio, and mar- 
ried the daughter of John White, a native of Connecticut, a scout and 
early settler at Fort Harmer. He died at .\thens at the age of sixty-five 
years. 

(II) Colonel George W. Baker, son of Nicholas Baker, was born in 
Athens, Ohio, in 1839, died there in 1906, aged sixty-seven years. He 
was a prominent man of the place ; its postmaster, county clerk and coun- 
ty treasurer, held office, in fact, there nearly all his life. He had a civil 
war record also, having served with distinction on the Federal side. He 
was a captain in the Thirty-ninth Ohio Regiment, and later rose to be 
major and lieutenant colonel. He was at Corinth, the siege of Vicksburg, 
and at Island No. 10. and was among the first of the troops sent into JMis- 
souri. He served also at Nashville, and at the siege of ^Mobile, and was 
with the Red River expedition of General Banks. He served, indeed, all 
through the war, and saw not a little hard fighting. 

Colonel Baker married Amanda (Mahon) who survived to a ripe old 
age. Her death occurred, December 31, 191 1, when she was eighty-three 
years of age. She was a daughter of Daniel Mahon born in Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1820. He was a contractor doing business on an extensive 
scale, and was the builder of the first locks and dams on the Kentucky 
river. Mr. and Mrs. Baker had four children : Anna B., who is unmarried 
lives in Athens, Ohio: a daughter who became ]\Irs. Murtland Reed, lives 
at Uhrichsville, Ohio : Edward H., died at forty-five years of age : Rol- 
lins ;\Iahon Baker, mentioned below. 

(Ill) Rollins Mahon Baker, son of Colonel George W. Baker, was 
born in Athens, Ohio, May 14, 1871. As a boy he attended the Athens 
schools, receiving therein the elements of an education. In later youth 
he took a course at Ohio University, and then began the study of law. 
This he did in the same office in which he is now a partner. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in the spring of 1897, and has been in active practice 
ever since. In 1908 he entered the well known law firm of Simms, En- 
slow, Fitzpatrick & Baker, of Huntington: he is now C1913) of Enslow, 
Fitzpatrick, Alderson & Baker, which has a very profitable practice and 
most extensive clientele. Mr. Baker, like his father, is a Republican in 
politics. He has been a referee in bankruptcy for twelve years, a posi- 
tion of judicial character and great responsibility, which he has filled with 
credit. He belongs to the Elks, and his religious faith i"; the Presbyter- 
ian. 

Mr. Baker married at Meckienberg, \'irginia. in 1896, ^lartha Taylor, 
a native of that state. She is a daughter of Thomas W. Taylor, judge 
of the criminal court of Huntington. The children of this union arc : 
Virginia Scott, born in March, T902; and Thomas Taylor, born Marcli 
31, 1908. 



I40 WEST VIRGINIA 

This family is probably of North of Ireland stock. 
McCLINTOCK There were McClintocks in Cumberland county, 
Pennsylvania, about the middle of the eighteenth 
century, some of whose descendants have been prominent in Ohio. 

(I) Alexander McClintock, the first member of this family about 
whom we have definite information, was born in Kentucky, and lived 
for part of his life in Nicholas county, Kentucky. Throughout his life 
he was a farmer. Children: John T., of whom further; and Joseph B., 
who was a farmer at Cynthiana, Kentucky, and was a breeder of fine 
horses and stock. 

(II) John T., son of Alexander McClintock, was born about 1836, 
and died February 18, 1874. In the civil war he was a Confederate 
soldier, and was wounded at the battle of Cynthiana, Kentucky. He 
resided at Cynthiana, Harrison county, Kentucky, and was a lawyer at 
that place. He married Laura Starr, who was born about 1840, and died 
about 1878. Before her marriage, she lived at Port Huron, Michigan. 
Children: Elizabeth, born about 1872, married Charles X. Fithian, who 
is a jeweler, and resides at Paris, Bourbon county. Kentucky: John 
Thomas, of whom further. 

(Ill) John Thomas, son of John T. and Laura (Starr) McClintock, 
was born in Harrison county, Kentucky. March 19, 1874, a month after 
his father's death, and his mother died when he was four years old. He 
was educated at the Central L^niversity of Kentucky, which was then at 
Richmond, Madison county, Kentucky ; and it is now united with Center 
College. Continuing to reside in Richmond, he was for two years a 
farmer, then entered the saddlery business, in which he was occupied for 
four years. After this he went to New York, and spent one year in the 
credit department of Bradstreet's Mercantile Agency. The experience 
which he thus gained enabled him to open a branch for the Bradstreet 
company at Charleston, West Virginia. Here he spent one year, and in 
August, 1906, he removed to Huntington, West Virginia; from that time 
he has been the credit man of the firm of Watts & Ritter, the leading 
wholesale dry goods firm in West Virginia. He is also secretary and 
treasurer of the Peerless Overall Company, of Huntington. Mr. McClin- 
tock is vice-president of the Chamber of Commerce at Huntington, and 
has been one of the chief promoters of the five-cent gas movement ; this 
is expected to do great things for Huntington, and, indeed, to be the 
greatest step in commercial progress yet made at Huntington. He is a 
member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon college fraternity and order of 
L'nited Commercial Travellers. Mr. McClintock is an active Republican. 
While he lived at Richmond, Kentucky, he was the county chairman for 
IMadison county. In the election of 1900 he was the Republican nominee 
for presidential elector, representing the Eighth Congressional District 
of Kentucky. He is a deacon in the Presbj'terian church. 

He married, at Little Rock, .\rkansas, February 24, 1897, Rose Frank 
Vickers. who was born at Little Rock. Her father has been dead many 
years : her mother, formerly of Marietta, Ohio, lives now with Mr. 
McClintock. Children : Laura Starr, born in 1899, died December 23, 
1907; Mary, died, in infancy, in October, 1907; John Thomas, born 
April 4. 1909. 



This name appears to be a double patronymic : per- 

l\lcWTLLT.\MS haps it is an English or A^'elsh name, afterward 

changed to the Scotch form. 

(I) John Mc\\'illiams. the first member of this family about whom 

;e have definite information, was born in .Augusta county, \'irginia. about 



WEST \'IRGIXIA 



141 



1804, and died in 1892. He was a farmer; he served in the Mexican war. 
Child: Benjamin Franklin, of whom further. 

(II) Benjamin Franklin, son of John JMcWilliams, was horn in the 
Shenandoah X^alley, Mrginia, about 1820-21, and died about 1865. 
Throughout his business life he was a railroad man. In the civil war he 
was an assistant quartermaster in the Federal army, and was killed in the 
war. He married Elizabeth Bailey, who was born in Preston county, 
Virginia, about 1825, and died in 1865 ; her mother was of the Pell fam- 
ily, and was also granddaughter of a Fairfax. Children : Thomas, died 
at the age of twenty-three; Mary Agnes, died at the age of fifty; Benja- 
min, died in infancy ; Hezekiah Bailey, now living at Houston, Texas ; 
Robert White, of whom further ; Samantha, married Lime, deceased. 

(III) Robert White, son of Benjamin Franklin and Elizabeth 
(Bailey) McWilliams, was born in Harrison county, Virginia, near 
Bridgeport, November 18, 1854. In his infancy, the family removed to 
Grafton, Taylor county. Here he attended the free schools, and thus re- 
ceived his whole education, so far as this has been acquired from schools, 
or except by personal study. When he was eighteen years old he entered 
Davis' general store at Grafton as a clerk, and here he remained two 
years. For a year he was a clerk for the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, at 
Piedmont, Mineral county, West Virginia ; then he bought a book store at 
Grafton, and this business he conducted for one year. After this he 
spent a year in California, with the Spring A'alley Water Company, and 
then, for another year, was in British Columbia, where he helped to build 
a new railroad, the first railroad out of \"ictoria, B. C. Returning to the 
United States, he had charge in Montana of the construction of ninety 
miles of the Montana Central railroad, thus he was occupied for another 
year. It was in 1887 that he came to Huntington, West Virginia, his 
present home, and for the first two years, was a clerk for his brother, 
Hezekiah Bailey McWilliams, in the latter's clothing store. Mr. McWil- 
liams has been active in politics, favoring the Democratic party. In 

1895 he was elected city clerk of Huntington, which office he held for 
one year; the following year he was elected circuit and criminal clerk of 
Cabell county, and he is now serving his third term in this office. In 

1896 he was the only Democrat who was elected in the county, (the coun- 
ty is now normally Republican) by a plurality of about three hundred, 
and in that year President McKinley carried Cabell county by a plurality 
of seventy-eight. Mr. McWilliams is a member of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. He is a Congregationalist in religion. 

He married, at Oakland, Garrett county, Maryland. June 5, 1875,. 
Elma v., daughter of John Locke, who was born in Barbour county, Vir- 
ginia, on her father's farm. Her father died in 1894, at the age of eighty: 
her mother had died prior to her husband's death. Children, all living: 
Lola, married George L. Shore, lives at Covington, Kentucky ; Lottie 
Lee, married Richard O. Hall, lives at Charlottesville, Albemarle county, 
Virginia ; Jessie Gertrude, married Howard R. Sinsel, lives at Hunting- 
ton ; Robert L.. born in 1880; Dei Gratia, married Arthur Peters, de- 
ceased, and she now lives with her father ; Cheston Delawter, born in 
1882, lives at Huntington ; Walter Buffington, born in 18S7. helps his 
father in the capacity of chief deputy; Clare Locke, born in 1894, living 
at home. 



William Bruce Smith, a well known architect and highly 
SMITH esteemed citizen of Huntington, comes of that hardy, enter- 
prising, north of Ireland stock, which has contributed so 

largely to the upbuilding and development of the best interests of our 

country. 



1 M WEST VIRGINIA 

James Smith, father of William Bruce Smith, was a native of the 
north of Ireland, and while still a boy was brought by his parents to the 
United States. The family settled on a farm in Clearfield county, Penn- 
sylvania, and James Smith was all his life engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits. At the outbreak of the civil war he enlisted in a company com- 
manded by Captain Altz, of Pittsburgh, and served in the defense of the 
Union throughout the four years' conflict. Mr. Smith married Margaret 
Isenberg, a native of Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, and the follow- 
ing children were born to them: Belle, married David B. Defenbaugh; 
John L. : Daniel L: Katherine, married Hewitt Isenberg; Annie, married 
William McClure ; McCIellan, of Huntington, Cabell county. West Vir- 
ginia ; and William Bruce, mentioned below. All these children, with the 
exception of the two youngest, are now living in Huntingdon county, 
Pennsylvania. James Smith, the father, died in 1892, at the age of 
seventy-one, and the mother passed away in 1902, being then eighty-four 
years old. 

William Bruce, son of James and Margaret (Isenberg) Smith, was 
born March 7. 1864, in Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, where he 
received his earliest education in the local schools. Later he went to 
Chicago, where he attended the high school, and also learned the trade of 
a carpenter and stair-builder. He lived twenty-three years in Chicago, 
and during the first four years of that period followed his trade, but 
after that studied architecture, and was for a time associated with J. W. 
Shroeder, the well known architect of that city. Later Mr. Smith went 
into business for himself, and for twelve years prospered in his under- 
taking. In 1904 he came to Huntington and opened his present office in 
the American Bank Building. Mr. Smith has superintended the erection 
of a number of important structures, among them, the Siegel-Cooper 
Building of Chicago and the fronts of Carson Pirie Scott & Com- 
pany's Building, also the Libby McNeil & Libby Building, of Chicago. 
In politics Mr. Smith is an avowed adherent of the Republican party. 
He affiliates with the Masonic fraternity and the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks and is a member of the Northern Methodist Episcopal 
Church. Mr. Smith is a self-made man. In the practice of his profes- 
sion he has superintended the construction of many notable edifices, and 
in doing so he has been the architect of his own fortune. 

Mr. Smith married, November 16, 18S4, in Chicago, Lizzie, a native 
of that city, daughter of the late Samuel and Hannah B. McMeekim. 
RTr. McMeekim was for many years engaged in the railroad business in 
Chicago. Mrs. McMeekim died in 1907, in Huntington. Of the five 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Smith four are now living: Clarence, 
draughtsman in his father's office : Florence : Cora : and Leonora. 



The Hicks family numbers among its members men who 
HTCK.S have successfully ci^mbined professional attainment with 
creditable public service, and are numbered among the most 
valued citizens of Huntington. 

(I) Kelly Hicks, the first member of whom we have definite infor- 
mation, was a native of Virginia, the owner of an extensive farm and a 
large number of slaves, which he disposed of before the war with the 
states. He served as a soldier in the war of 1812, and during the civil 
war was a northern sympathizer. Mr. Hicks was six feet three inches in 
height, and at the time of his death had passed his eighty-fourth year. 

(II) Bryant D., son of Kelly Hicks, was born at Winfield, Putnam 
county, Virginia, now West Virginia, May 11, 1846. He was for many 
years engaged in business as a farmer and timberman. During the civil 



WEST MRGIXIA 143 

war he enlisted in the L'nion army. He married Salena, born in Put- 
nam county, daughter of WilHam Hanshaw, a native of Indiana, who re- 
moved to \\'est \'irginia, where he engaged in business as a coal operator 
and died in 1909, at the age of eighty-nine. Mr. and ]Mrs. Hicks were 
the parents of the following children : Squire, died in infancy ; Ira Clay, 
mentioned below; William K., editor of the Putnam Herald Dispatch; 
Wesley D., a physician of San Antonio, Texas : Irene, living in Hunting- 
ton, widow of Clark Lorentz : Charles F., a leading state surgeon and 
superintendent of the Welsh Miners' Hospital, jMingo county; J. Oscar, 
mentioned below ; Oliver E., a dentist of San Antonio, Texas ; Marietta, 
living in Huntington: Earl, studying dentistry at the Ohio (Cincinnati) 
Dental College. Mrs. Hicks died January 9, 1895, at the age of forty- 
four, and Mr. Hicks, having retired from business, is now living in Hunt- 
ington. 

(Ill) Dr. Ira Clay Hicks, son of Bryant D. and Salena (Hanshaw) 
Hicks, was born June 2t), 1808, at \Mnfield, Putnam county. West \'"ir- 
ginia. He received his preparatory education in the common schools of 
his native place, afterward studying at Marshall College. He taught two 
years in Kanawha county and seven years in Putnam county, having re- 
ceived, in his county examination, one hundred per cent in every topic 
upon which he was questioned, the second instance of the kind on record 
in such an examination. He was employed during one term in instruct- 
ing teachers. In 1895 Dr. Hicks entered the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, Baltimore, remaining until 1897, after which he passed an 
examination by the state board, being one of the successful five out of 
the eleven candidates, among whom there were only two under-graduates. 
In September, 1895, Dr. Hicks began practice at Hurricane, West Vir- 
ginia, and later returned to the College of Physicians and Surgeons, grad- 
uating in 1898 as vice-president of his class. After receiving his degree 
of Doctor of Medicine Dr. Hicks returned to Hurricane, where he re- 
mained eleven years, building up a large practice and establishing an en- 
viable reputation. In April, 1907, he came to Huntington, where his pro- 
fessional prestige has been greatly augmented. In 1900 andigoi Dr. Hicks 
took a post-graduate course at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
Baltimore, and in 1902 took a similar course at Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity, also doing post-graduate work in 1903. For ten years he held the 
position of surgeon for the Chesapeake and Ohio railroad, his valuable 
services being most highly commended by Dr. C. W. P. Brock, chief sur- 
geon for the railroad. 

In 1892 Dr. Hicks was elected to the office of county assessor of Put- 
man county, being the only successful Republican candidate at that elec- 
tion. From 1904 to 1908 he was one of the representatives of his party 
in the state senate. While Dr. Hicks has accomplished much profession- 
ally, the versatility of his talents has enabled him to represent his fellow 
citizens in a position of public responsibility, and as physician and legis- 
lator his attainments and services have met with merited recognition and 
reward. He affiliates with the Scottish Rite Masons, having taken four- 
teen degrees ; is a Knight Templar and a Shriner, being identified with 
Beni Kedam Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine : is also a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
the Junior Order of United Ame'-ican Mechanics. He is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

Dr. Hicks married, March 31, 1895, at Winifrede, Kanawha county, 
West Virginia, Helen H., born in that county, March 12, 1876, daughter 
of Dr. James A. and Melinda R. (Ballard) Diddle, who were married 
April I, 1868. Dr. Diddle was born August 13, 1843, ™ Monroe county, 
Virginia, now West Virginia, and practiced medicine for many years at 



144 WEST VIRGINIA 

Winifrede, passing away July 22, 1909. Mrs. Diddle was born October 
3, 1853, and was a native of the same county as her husband. Her death 
occurred May 24, 1905. Dr. and Mrs. Hicks are the parents of <ine 
daughter, Xilpha Irene, born May 31, 1897, now attending Marshall Col- 
lege. The home of Dr. Hicks and family is situated on the corner 
of Fifth avenue and Tenth street, in one of the finest brick residences 
in Huntington. 

(Ill) Dr. J. Oscar Hicks, son of Bryant D. and Salena (Hanshawj 
Hicks, was born April 23, 1880, at Winlield, Putnam county. West Vir- 
ginia. Until the age of sixteen he attended the local schools, at the same 
time assisting his father on the farm. During the ensuing six years he 
was engaged in teaching in the county schools, and at the age of nineteen 
became principal of the Raymond city school. Throughout this period he 
pursued the study of medicine, and in 1906 graduated from the Ken- 
tucky School of Medicine at Louisville. During his last two years at 
college he served as an interne in the Louisville City Hospital. In 1904 
Dr. Hicks came to Huntington and entered upon the active practice of 
his profession, making a specialty of gynaecology and nervous diseases. 
In 1910 he took a post-graduate course at Louisville University, and in 
191 1 another at Tulane University. He has already made for himself 
an enviable position in the ranks of his professional brethren. In his 
profession Dr. Hicks has already accomplished much, but the larger 
part of his career is yet to come, and a past so rich in attainment prom- 
ises even greater results in the future. In politics Dr. Hicks is a Repub- 
lican. He is an extensive owner of residence property. His fraternal af- 
filiations are with the Blue Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
the Knights Templar, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and 
the Modern Woodmen. Mrs. Hicks is a member of the Congregational 
church. 

Dr. Hicks married Anice D., born October 15, 1887, in Getaway, Ohio, 
daughter of Dr. A. C. Burns, a pioneer physician of Huntington, who 
died in January, 1908, aged sixty years. His widow, Diana (Templeton) 
Burns, is now living with Dr. and Mrs. Hicks in Huntington. Dr. Hicks 
and his wife had one child. Rex Burns, born February 13, 1912, died 
October 22, 1912. 



One of the most popular citizens of Huntington 
YONDER HAAR is George Vonder Haar, who has been for many 

years prominently associated with the hotel busi- 
ness in this city. Mr. Vonder Haar, as his name denotes, is of German 
ancestry, and possesses many of the salient characteristics of the sturdy 
and persevering stock from which he sprang. 

(I) Theodore vonder Haar, father of George Vonder Haar, was 
born in the province of Hanover, Germany, and in 1848 was brought by 
his parents to the LTnited States. They settled in Cincinnati, where Theo- 
dore learned the shoemaker's trade which he followed all his life in that 
city. He married Margaret Fehring, and they became the parents of 
four children : George, mentioned below ; William J., cigar salesman in 
Cincinnati ; Edward J., picture enlarger ; Catherine. Mr. and Mrs. von- 
der Haar both died at the age of sixty-nine, the former in 1905, and the 
latter in 1908. 

(II) George Vonder Haar, eldest child of Theodore and Margaret 
(Fehring) vonder Haar, was born October 28, 1869, at Lebanon, Ohio, 
and later moved with his parents to Cincinnati, where he received his 
education. After leaving school he became clerk in a hat store in Cin- 
cinnati. At the end of five years he resigned his position and in 1888 



WEST VIRGINIA 



145 



came to Huntington, where he has ever since been connected with the 
hotel business. In November, 1906, he assumed his present position in 
the Frederick Hotel. As a public-spirited citizen he ever takes a gener- 
ous interest in any project for the advancement of the best interests of 
Huntington. He is identified with the Democratic party, affiliates with 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and is a member of the 
Roman Catholic church. 

Mr. Vonder Haar is a self-made man. He has combined enterprise 
and energy with strict integrity, and to-day there is no man in Hunting- 
ton more respected or better liked than George Vonder Haar. 



William Blackwell i\Iiles, a long-time resident of Hunting- 
MILES ton, where he has been for many years associated as a 

machinist with the Chesapeake and Ohio railroad, is 
descended from ancestors who have been for several generations resident 
in Virginia. 

(I) Drury Miles, grandfather of William Blackwell Miles, was all 
his life a farmer in Virginia, and at the time of his death lacked but a 
few days of completing his hundredth year. 

(II) Marcus Elkins, son of Drury Miles, was born in Cumberland 
county, Virginia, and when a young man served throughout the civil war 
in the quartermaster's department of the Confederate army. After the 
return of peace he engaged in the railroad business. He married Han- 
nah Maria, born in Hanover county, Virginia, daughter of Albert Jones, 
also a native of that county, where he was a capitalist and an extensive 
owner of farm property. He died in 1872, at an advanced age. Of the 
four children born to Mr. and Mrs. Miles, two, Sheldon and Lizzie, are 
deceased. Those living are: William Blackwell, mentioned below; Mrs. 
George Burks, of Huntington. The parents of these children are both 
deceased, Mr. Miles having been seventy-three years old at the time of 
his death. 

fill) William Blackwell, son of Marcus Elkins and Hannah Maria 
(Jones) Miles, was born May 27, 1865, in Buckingham county, Virginia. 
During his early childhood his parents moved to Hanover county and 
subsequently to Richmond, settling in the autumn of 1872 in Huntington. 
It was here that Mr. Miles grew up and was educated, finally attending 
Marshall College. He began his business career in the shops of the 
Chesapeake and Ohio railroad, where he served an apprenticeship as a 
machinist. Since completing his term Mr. Miles has remained with the 
railroad, and it is sufficient testimony to his industry, integrity and ability 
to say that he is now associated with them in the capacity of a head 
machinist. He has extensive coal interests in Logan county. Mr. Miles 
is one of those citizens, valuable wherever found, who by energy and 
perseverance in their chosen callings, combined with strict adherence to 
the principles of integrity, advance the material prosperity of the com- 
munity and help to maintain a high standard of business probity. In 
politics Mr. Miles is a Democrat. He has taken every degree in Masonry, 
and also affiliates with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
He is a member of the Christian church. 

Mr. Miles married. February 13, 1891, at Rockwood. Ohio. Etta, born 
in Logan county, daughter of the late John Edwin and Ann Avis Robert- 
son, his wife. Mrs. Robertson is now living in Huntington. Mr. and 
Mrs. l\Iiles are the parents of one child: AVilliam Clarence, born 1895. 
now a student at Clifton Forge (\^irginia) Seminary. 



14^' WEST VIRGINIA 

Dr. Tlioinas Diigan, during the comparatively short dura- 
DUGAN tion of his residence in Himtington, has built up for him- 
self an enviable reputation as a dentist and gained many 
warm friends among his fellow citizens. He comes of a notably sturdy 
and energetic stock, in ability and character commanding the respect of 
all. 

(I) Thomas Dugan. grandfather of Dr. Thomas (2) Dugan, of 
Huntington, was born, accordmg to one tradition, in Ireland, and accord- 
ing to another in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. When a young man he re- 
moved to Portsmouth, Ohio, where he engaged in mercantile business, 
later becoming a leading banker of that city. He was president of the 
Farmers' National Bank of Portsmouth, and loaned the money with 
which the site of the city of Huntington was purchased. He married 
Levenia Mackoy, born in Kentucky, and they were the parents of two 
children: i. James S., of whom further. 2. Fannie, became the wife of 
J. C. Adams, a prominent citizen of Portsmouth, and died in 1885, at the 
age of thirty-two years, leaving two children : Earl and William, now en- 
gaged in the manufacture of fire-arms and fire-works in Portsmouth. The 
steamer "Fannie Dugan" was named in compliment to Mrs. Adams, and 
her father, Thomas (i) Dugan, gave two hundred and fifty dollars for 
the silver to be used in casting its bell, and also presented the piano to 
form part of its equipment. At the time of his death, a sudden one oc- 
curring in 1873, '"IS ^^'^s in the prime of life. The old Dugan residence 
still stands in Portsmouth, on the corner of Chillicothe and Eighth 
streets, and is one of the finest specimens of colonial architecture extant. 
Mrs. Dugan died in 1894, in Huntington. 

(II) James S., son of Thomas (i) and Levenia (Mackoy) Dugan, 
was born December 26, 1850, at Portsmouth, Ohio. In 1886 he came to 
Huntington, where for over a quarter of a century he has been in the 
.service of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad Company. He married 
Lizzie W. Gore, born February 18, 1852, in Portsmouth, Ohio, daughter 
of John Gore, a farmer, who died in young manhood. Mr. and Mrs. Du- 
gan are the parents of the following children: Levenia: Thomas (2), of 
whom further; Walter L., of Seattle, Washington; Mathias W., of Hunt- 
ington ; Fannie ; Charlotte, wife of George Moore, of Huntington ; Pearl ; 
Alice, wife of Warren Johnson, of Huntington: Irwin; and Elizabeth, 
freshman in the high school. 

(III) Dr. Thomas (2) Dugan, son of James S. and Lizzie W. (Gore) 
Dugan, was born ]\Iay 6, 1879, o" his father's farm, the old Dugan 
homestead, also known as "Elm Bank." He was seven years old when 
the family moved to Guyandotte, now the fifth ward of Huntington, leav- 
ing Greenup county, Kentucky, where the farm was situated. It was here 
that the boy received his education, and in 1896 entered the shops of the 
Chesapeake & Ohio railroad as an apprentice to the trade of machinist, 
remaining until 1901, when he went to Missoula, Montana, and there for 
one year worked at his trade in the service of the Northern Pacific rail- 
road. His next removal was to San Francisco, where he was associated 
for one year with the Southern Pacific railroad, and then proceeded to 
Mexico, finding employment at different places with the Mexican Central 
railway. At the end of another year he went to Texas, and after a time 
turned his face homeward, arriving, after his wanderings, once more 
in Huntington. Here he again entered the service of the Chesapeake & 
Ohio railroad, and later became master machinist of the United States 
Coal & Oil Company, at Holden, West Virginia. This position he re- 
tained until 1908, when he began the study of dentistry, graduating in 
191 1. He immediately opened an office in Huntington and from the 
outset has met with marked success, building up a large and steadily 



WEST \IRGIXIA 147 

increasing practice. In politics Dr. Dugan is a Democrat. His fraternal 
affiliations are with the Masonic fraternity and the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. He is a member of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. Dr. Dugan's professional career opened under favorable auspices 
and the success which he has already achieved warrants bright anticipa- 
tions for the future. 



Huntington has no more stirring business man than 
MOSSMAN Guy Mott Mossman, treasurer and general manager of 

the well known firm of the Mossman Brothers Com- 
pany. Mr. Mossman, though not a native of Huntington, has been for 
the last fifteen years numbered among her most esteemed citizens and is 
closely identified with many of her leading interests. 

(I) John Mossman, grandfather of Guy Mott Mossman, was born 
in Avon, county Cork, Ireland, when a young man he emigrated to the 
United States, settling in Orange, New Jersey. His trade was that of a 
weaver. During the civil war, though past the age of enlistment, he ren- 
dered valuable service by drilling all the recruits in his neighborhood, an 
office for which he was well fitted, having served in Ireland as a captain 
of the King's Guard. He married Grace O'Dell, a native of Passaic, 
New Jersey, and their sons served in the Union army. Mr. Mossman 
died in Gallia county, Ohio, where he had lived many years, having 
reached the age of seventy-seven. His wife, at the time of her death, 
was about seventy years old. 

(II) Albert, son of John and Grace (O'Dell) Mossman, was born 
March 3, 1828, in Gallia county, Ohio, and followed the calling of a 
farmer. He was a member of the state militia. He married, March 10, 
1853, Mary Elizabeth Watts, born December 15, 1832, in Gallia county, 
daughter of James and Margaret (Waddell) Watts. James Watts was 
born in 1800, at White Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier county, Virginia, 
now West Virginia, and his wife, Margaret Waddell, was born in Poca- 
hontas county, Virginia. James Watts was the son of a revolutionary 
soldier, himself a Virginian. James Watts was a farmer and died in 
1885. His wife died aged forty-seven years. They were the parents of 
thirteen children. Of the seven children born to Mr. and Mrs. Albert 
Mossman the following are living: Dr. E. J. Mossman, of Point Pleasant, 
West Virginia; John W., of Huntington; Daniel Andrew; Lillian T., 
wife of Louis A. Womeldorfif, a farmer of Bidwell, Ohio; and Guy 
Mott, of whom further. The father of the family died in 1892, and the 
mother passed away in 1902. 

(III) Guy Mott, son of Albert and Mary Ehzabeth (Watts) Moss- 
man, was born March 5, 1874, in Gallipolis, Ohio, where he received his 
education in the public schools and at the Gallia Academy. After leav- 
ing school he was for six years identified with the dry goods business in 
his native place, first as clerk and later as proprietor. On February 14, 
1896, he came to Huntington, and at once took charge of the dry goods 
establishment formerly conducted by G. W. Cox. The business, which 
had become involved in difficulties, was by Mr. Mossman's energy and 
astuteness, extricated and placed on a firm basis, and Mr. Mossman then 
became one of the agents for the Prudential Insurance Company. After 
holding this position thirteen weeks he was promoted to that of assistant 
superintendent, a more speedy advancement to this office than had ever 
been known in the history of the company. For two years and a half 
Mr. Mossman served as assistant superintendent, and on June 20, 1899, 
he and his brothers, Daniel Andrew and John W., founded the Mossman 
Brothers Company, now the largest organization of its kind in West 



148 WEST VIRGINIA 

Virginia. The firm deals in general supplies, both wholesale and retail, 
and has storage capacity for over two hundred cars. The entire control 
of the product of this extensive business devolves upon Mr. Mossman, 
neither of his brothers having ever taken an active part in its manage- 
ment, and the high position which the house holds in the commercial 
world is wholly due to his individual efforts. Mr. Mossman is a director 
and stockholder in the Huntington Stove & Foundry Company, and a 
stockholder in the Union Savings Bank & Trust Company, as well as in 
several other similar organizations. His political principles are those 
upheld by the Democratic party, and his fraternal affiliations are with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Modern Woodmen of 
America, the United Commercial Travellers and the Royal Arcanum. Mr. 
Mossman is also a member of the Huntington Chamber of Commerce, 
and vice-president of the Merchants' Association of Huntington; has tak- 
en an active part in the Ohio River Improvement Association since it was 
first inaugurated. He is a member of the First Methodist Episcopal 
Church. 

Mr. Mossman married, November \f>. 1903, Effie E. Hollberg, born 
October 16. 1881, in Jackson, Ohio, daughter of Henry and Catheryne 
(Nagle) Hollberg. Mr. Hollberg served throughout the civil war in the 
army of General Sherman, participated in many battles and was once 
wounded. Under both Cleveland administrations he held the office of 
postmaster of Jackson, Ohio, where he is now, at the age of seventy 
years, engaged in business as a coal operator. Mrs. Hollberg died some 
years ago. Mr. and Mrs. Mossman are the parents of two sons: Donald 
Hollberg, born November 14, 1905 ; and Guy Mott, Jr., March 14, 1908. 
The presence in any community of a man of Mr. Mossman's caliber im- 
parts to its commercial life an impetus and vigor which are a guarantee 
of future prosperity. 



William IMilltr, immigrant ancestor of this branch of the 
MILLER Miller family in America, was a tanner and a planter of 

Ipswich, Massachusetts, in 1638. He came to this country 
from England, probably about 1635, although he may have lived in Ger- 
many a few years previous. In 1643 and 1646 he served as a soldier 
against the Indians. He resided in Ipswich in 1648, and in 1654 was one 
of the twenty-three original settlers of Northampton, Massachusetts. He 
lived on King street in that town, and died there July 15, 1690. He ac- 
quired a plantation at Northfield in 1672 and settled there, but returned 
to Northampton probably on account of the Indian war. He married 

Patience , who died, very aged, at Northampton. March 16, 1716. 

The Northampton records say that she was a skilled physician and sur- 
geon. Children: John, married, March 24, 1670, Mary Alvord ; Mary, 
married (first) December 18, 1672, Obadiah Williams, (second) Novem- 
ber 28, 1677, Godfrey Nims: Rebecca, died August, 1657. Born at 
Northampton: Patience, September 15, 1657; William, November 30, 
1659: Mercy, February 8, 1658; Ebenezer, mentioned below; Mehitable, 
July ID, 166^3 ; Thankful, April 25, 1669; Abraham, January 20, 1671. 

(II) Ebenezer, son of William Miller, was born at Northampton, 
June 7, 1664, died there December 23, 1737. He was called a husband- 
man. He married, in 1688, Sarah Allen, born July 28. 1668, died August 
4, 1748, daughter of Samuel and Hannah (Woodford) Allen, of North- 
ampton. Children, born at Northampton: Sarah, born 1689; Mary. 1690; 
John, January 12. 1692, died October 23, 1696; Ebenezer. mentioned be- 
low; Captain Jonathan; Hannah, August 20, 1700; Patience; Joseph, 
June 4, 1705; Aaron, November 6, 1707-08; John, 1711-12. 

(III) Ebenezer (2), son of Ebenezer (i) Miller, was born at North- 



WEST VIRGINIA 149 

ampton, Massachusetts, August 15, 1696, died February 2f>, 1777. He 
married (first) May 8, 1725, Hannah Burt, and (second) November 15, 
1754, Mrs. EHzabeth (Denning) Norton. His second marriage is re- 
corded at Avon, town of Farmington, Connecticut, in the church records 
(p. 13, vol. iv, "Bailey's Early Conn. Marriages"). She was then of 
Farmington. In Avon we find also the marriages of his children or 
grandchildren: Jonathan, married, September 24, 1761, Sarah North; 
Elisha, married (first) October 18, 1764, Sarah Fowler, and (second) 
November 18, 1778, Abigail Bunnell; Ebenezer, married, September 25, 
1788. Diantha Hutchinson. His son Noah is mentioned below. 

(IV) Noah, son of Ebenezer (2) Miller, was born about 1735, in 
Farmington, Connecticut. He was a soldier in the revolution from July 
15, 1780, to December 9, 1780, among the levies enlisted in the Second 
Regiment in 1779 and 1780 for short terms, and was in the second com- 
pany, Lieutenant Colonel Hart, Second Connecticut Regiment, Colonel 
Zebulon Butler (p. 186, vol. xii, "Conn. Hist. Society, Revolutionary 
Rolls"). He married, at Avon, Farmington, April 9, 1760, Ann Buel. In 
Farmington, in 1790, the first federal census shows as heads of families 
Anna, Job, Reuben, Solomon, Ebenezer and Noah, who had in his fam- 
ily two males over sixteen, two sons under sixteen and three females. 
Noah Miller was a prominent citizen, a builder and contractor. He is 
said by descendants to have been one of the finest looking men in Con- 
necticut. His son James is mentioned below. 

(V) James, son of Noah Miller, was born in Farmington, Connecti- 
cut, in 1780. When about twenty-one years of age he married Sarah, 
daughter of Abner Messenger, a soldier of the revolution under General 
Washington in 1782 (Connecticut in the Revolution). Abner Messenger 
married a Miss Pike, who was a cousin of General Pike. About a year 
after his marriage James Miller, together with his father-in-law, Abner 
Messenger, went to the Muskingum Valley in the tide of emigration that 
went west of the Allegheny mountains about that time. Abner Messen- 
ger settled in what is now Preston county, W^est Virginia, and died there 
at an advanced age, his descendants now being numerous in that section. 
James Miller, contracting malaria at Marietta, Ohio, and becoming dis- 
couraged with the western country, started back to Connecticut, but find- 
ing a good opening at ]\Iorgantown, Virginia, opened a coopering estab- 
lishment at that place, that being his trade, and employed a number of 
hands in his shop. A few years later he went to Greensboro, Pennsyl- 
vania, where Albert Gallatin had established a glass plant, the first one 
west of the Allegheny mountains. About 1837 he moved to Middletown 
(now Fairmont), Virginia, where he continued in the coopering business, 
and also conducted a ferry between Fairmont and Palatine, in which lat- 
ter town he bought the first laid-out lots and to which he removed in 1839. 
His first wife, Sarah Messenger, having died, he married a Mrs. Hirons, 
of the Pricket Creek settlement, and a few years later he and his step- 
son purchased a farm upon which he resided until his death, March 19, 
1856. He was an exemplary citizen, and a class leader in the Methodist 
church. His first wife died in Palatine in 1839; his second wife survived 
him. To his first marriage five sons and five daughters were born : Noah 
Buel, who died in infancy ; Abner Amherst ; Samuel B. ; James ; William 
Edmund; Emily, married Jesse Core; Ann, wife of Daniel Gantz ; Abigail 
Pike, married Thomas Pickens, of Ohio : Sarah, wife of M. D. Purnell ; 
Mary, married L. D. Fox. .-Ml these are now deceased. 

(VI) Wilham Edmund, son of James and Sarah (Messenger) Mil- 
ler, was born at Morgantown, Virginia, now West Virginia, July 29, 
1822, died at Fairmont, November 19, 191 1. He was reared principally 
at Greensboro, Pennsylvania, where he received his education at a private 



I50 WEST VIRGINIA 

school. He learned the trade of cooper of his father, which he followed 
until 1841, when he engaged in the manufacture of handrolls for domes- 
tic spinning of cloths and flannels, at Barnesville. Five years later he 
turned his attention to the flouring mill business, which he conducted up 
to 1863, in which year he secured the flouring mill at Nuzum's Mill, where 
he remained two years. At the end of that time he returned to Barnes- 
ville. where he managed the woolen mills of the Barnesville Manufactur- 
ing Company until 1888, being a director and serving as president of thai 
company. Politically Mr. Miller was a staunch Republican, and an offi- 
cial in the Methodist Protestant church, a teacher in the Sunday-school 
fifty-seven years or more, as well as its captain of a Marion county vol- 
anteer militia company that ofTered its services to the country during the 
Mexican war, but was not called into active service. On October 21, 
1847, ^Ir. Miller married Nancy Jeretta, daughter of Thomas Hall, a 
prominent citizen of the county and an upright Qiristian gentleman. She 
died August 19, 1907. Thomas Hall was born in Delaware, January 11, 
1779, and was brought by his father, Asa Hall, to the Forks of Cheat 
river in 1782. He was ordained a ruling elder in the Presbyterian 
church in 1815, at Morgantown, Virginia, and later purchased a farm 
near Houlttown, on which he erected a flouring mill in 1828. He died of 
erysipelas July 28, 1869. He was twice married, (first) to Jane Ben- 
nett, 1799, and (second) Elizabeth Stewart, 1813. To Mr. and Mrs. Mil- 
ler were born six children : Professor Thomas Condit Miller, of whom 
further ; Charles Albert, a teacher ; Anna Belle, a teacher ; Buena Vista ; 
Richard S., now deceased ; Mattie A. 

(VII) Professor Thomas Condit Miller, son of William Edmund Mil- 
ler, was born in Fairmont, Virginia, now W^est Virginia, July 19, 1848. He 
received his early education in private schools. Among his instructors was 
Dr. William R. White, who afterward was the first state superintendent 
of free schools of West Virginia. The civil war interrupted the course 
of his studies. For a year he served in the Home National Guard under 
United States officers, and when but sixteen years old enlisted in Com- 
pany E, Seventh Regiment, West Virginia Volunteer Infantry, April i, 
1865, and served until July 10, 1865, when he was honorably discharged. 
He then resumed his studies, attending the Fairmont Academy and high 
school, teaching between terms after November, 1867. After the State 
Normal School was opened at Fairmont he was enrolled as a student and 
completed the prescribed course under Principal J. G. Blair. Among his 
other instructors there was Professor J. C. Gilchrist, who graduated from 
Antioch College when Horace Mann was president. He afterward spent 
a year in Adrian College. Michigan, but on account of ill health gave up 
his college course during the junior year. He has since then continued in 
school work. For a period of twenty-one consecutive years he was prin- 
cipal of the Fairmont high school, after having five years' experience as a 
teacher in country schools. His devotion to the Fairmont high school, 
and his success as a teacher brought him attractive offers from various 
parts of the state, and from other states. In 1893 he finally resigned to 
accept the position of principal of the preparatory department of the 
West Virginia University, and he afterward received the appointment 
of professor of pedagogy in the university, in which position he served 
with ability and fidelity for eight years. He resigned when elected state 
superintendent of free schools in igoo and was re-elected at the end of 
his term, serving from igoi to 1909. In the election of 1904 he received 
more than 25,000 plurality, the largest vote ever received by a candidate in 
West Virginia except that of President Roosevelt. In politics he is a 
Republican. Under the first state constitution he was for a time town- 
ship clerk. Since 1909 Professor Miller has been principal of Shepherd 



WEST VIRGINIA 15] 

College Normal School, Shepherdstown, West Mrginia. He is a popular 
institute lecturer and has probably addressed as many eilucational gather- 
ings in the state as any other man, and he has also visited and spoken at 
institutes in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Ohio and Kentucky. 
He is a member of ^Meade Post, No. 6, Grand Army of the Republic, and 
was assistant quartermaster-general of the Department of ^^■est \'irginia 
for several years. He has held about every position on the state depart- 
ment and in the local post and served on the staff of the commander-in- 
chief a number of times ; also as patriotic instructor for West X'irginia. 
It v.'as largely through his influence and efforts that the monuments now 
standing in honor of the fallen heroes of his state on the battlefield at 
Gettysburg were erected. In 1866 he joined the Methodist Protestant 
chiirch. and since then has devoted much time and energy to the denomi- 
nation, now being a member of the general conference. For twenty 
years he was superintendent of the Sunday school and he has been presi- 
dent of the State Sunday School Association. He was a member of Lin- 
coln Lodge. Good Templars, and has always been active in the temper- 
ance movement. He is a member of the National Education Association 
and a member of its National Council ; of the ,\merican Historical Asso- 
ciation, and of the National Geographic Society. 

He married, September 6, 1876, at Fairmont, Drusilla C. Hamilton, 
born at Fairm<jnt, Jvme, 1847, daughter of Elmus and Louisa S. ( Hamil- 
ton) Hamilton. She had brothers: James B.. William S. and John S. 
Hamilton, and a sister Paulina B. Pierpont. The Hamilton family is prom- 
inent in Fairmont. Children of Air. and ]\Irs. ^^liller: i. Archie Hamilton, 
born November 4, 1877; now engaged in clerical work. 2. Dwight Edmund, 
born October 5, 1879 : engaged in clerical work. 3. Dana Paul, born Oc- 
tober 6, 1883, died September i, 1907. 4. Pauline Barns, born June 14, 
1887 ; married Henry C. Capito, and resides in Charleston, West Virginia. 



The Rev. Urban \'. W. Darlington, of the Meth- 
DARLINGTON odist Episcopal Church, South, and pastor of a con- 
gregation of that denomination in Huntington, is 
a scion of an ancient stock numerously represented in both England and 
Scotland. John Darlington. K. L.. late of Netherwood, Ilkley, York- 
shire, England, and other members of the English branch of the family, 
rfiade use of a coat-of-arms, a copy of which is in the possession of the 
Rev. Mr. Darlington, of Huntington. Peter Darlington, founder of the 
American branch of the Darlingtons, came from Edinburgh, Scotland, 
and settled in New York, though at what period is not stated. 

(I) James H., father of Rev. Urban V. W. Darlington, was born 
October 14, 1804, in L'niontown, Fayette county, Pennsylvania. He was 
the proprietor of a hotel at Graefenberg, Shelby county, Kentucky, in 
the days when stage lines furnished the only means of conveyance for 
transient guests. Mr. Darlington was the owner of one of these stage 
lines. He married Kitty Pemberton, born February 23, 1826, in Frank- 
lin county, Kentucky, and of the twelve children born to them the fol- 
lowing are now living: Sarah, of Louisville. Kentucky; Susan K.. 
widow of Owen Tinsley, living in Huntington, with her brother, Urban 
V. W. ; James S.. a farmer of Franklin county. Kentucky: John, a farm- 
er of the same county ; Annie L., wife of John Storts, of Louisville, 
Kentucky : Jennie, wife of H. B. Lowen, of Indiana : Robert, a mechanic 
of Louisville, Kentucky: and Urban V. W.. of whom further. Mr. 
Darlington, father of the family, died at Graefenberg, December 30, 
1879: the mother survived many years, passing away at the same place, 
November 25. 1905. in the eightieth year of her age. 



1 3-' WEST VIRGINIA 

(II) Rev. Urban V. W. Darlington, son of James H. and Kitty 
(Pemberton) Darlington, was born August 3, 1870, in Shelby county, 
Kentucky, where he received his preparatory education in the common 
schools. He studied at Wesleyan College for the ministry of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, South, and on September 22. 1895, in Winchester, 
Kentucky, was ordained a deacon by Bishop A. G. Haygood. On Sep- 
tember 23, 1899, he was made an elder by Bishop E. R. Hendrix. His 
first charge was in Washington, Kentucky, where he remained four 
years, afterward spending one year at Millersburg, Kentucky, and then 
lour years at Covington, Kentucky. During another four years he was 
stationed at Parkersburg, West Virginia. These successive pastorates 
were made by Mr. Darlington periods of earnest work not unfruitful in 
results. In September, 1909, Mr. Darlington came to Huntington to as- 
sume the duties of his present pastorate, and since that time the congrega- 
tion has been increased by the addition of three hundred and six mem- 
bers. This augmentation has rendered necessary the erection of a new 
church. In October, 191 1, the old structure was taken down, and the 
new edifice, costing one hundred thousand dollars, will probably be com- 
pleted by May, 1913. It is to have a most thorough equipment, includ- 
ing a pipe organ. In politics Mr. Darlington is independent of party 
considerations, casting his vote for the man who, in his judgment, repre- 
sents the highest principles and is best fitted to carry them out. He affil- 
iates with the Masonic order. 

Mr. Darlington married, October 30, 1901, in ?\Iillersburg, Kentuck)-, 
Lyda Clarke, born at that place, March 27, 1871, daughter of Charles C. 
and America (Nunn) Clarke, the former a farmer of Millersburg. Mrs. 
Clarke died June 16, 1888, and the death of Mr. Clarke occurred July 31, 
1908. Mr. and Mrs. Darlington became the parents of two children : 
Lyda Clarke, born August 29, 1902; and Urban V. W. (2), June 17, 
1906. Mrs. Darlington passed away December 14, 191 1. Mr. Darling- 
ton's present work is one of great usefulness, his influence, both as pastor 
and citizen, tending greatly to strengthen and advance the best interests 
of Huntington, a fact to which his home city accords the most thorough 
and appreciative recognition. 



Stuart Hampton Bowman, of Huntington, president of 
BOWMAN the Bowman Realty Company, is not only one of the 

city's most progressive business men, but has been for a 
number of years prominently identified with the state's educational in- 
terests, and has filled with ability more than one office of political trust 
and responsibility. 

Captain Adam Coleman Bowman, father of Stuart Hampton Bow- 
man, was born May i, 1839, in Randolph county, Virginia, now West 
Virginia, and during the war between the states was a captain in the 
Confederate service. He was twice wounded, but served the entire four 
years, in the infantry and also in the cavalry, under General J. E. B. 
Stuart. Captain Bowman married Tacy J. Wilmoth, born May i, 1856, in 
Randolph county, and they were the parents of three children : Stuart 
Hampton, mentioned below ; Thomas B., of the Bowman Realty Com- 
pany : and Maud, now living in Huntington. Captain Bowman died .Au- 
gust 25, 1909, and his widow now resides in Huntington. 

Stuart Hampton, son of Captain .Adam Coleman and Tacy J- {\\'\\- 
moth) Bowman, was born June 28, 1876, at Valley Furnace, Barbour 
county, West Virginia, and received his earliest education in the schools 
of his native place, afterward attending the Fairmont State Normal 
School and graduating thence in 1893. His high averages in his exami- 



WEST VIRGINIA 153 

nations won for him the honor of valedictorian. The succeeding year 
was spent by Mr. Bowman in teaching in the schools of Barbour county, 
and in 1895 he was awarded a scholarship at the Peabody Normal Col- 
lege, Nashville, Tennessee, graduating from that institution with the de- 
gree of Licentiate of Instruction. In 1896 he graduated at the Univer- 
sity of Nashville with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In 1897 Mr. Bow- 
man was an assistant teacher in the Fairmont State Normal School, and 
in 1898 he graduated from West Virginia University, taking for the sec- 
ond time the degree of Bachelor of Arts. His experience as an instruc- 
tor during these early years was destined to influence in no small measure 
the course of his future public career. 

In the autumn of 1898 Mr. Bowman was elected on the Democratic 
ticket to represent Barbour county in the West \'irginia legislature, and 
served as chairman of the committee on education, being then as always 
active in school legislation. Meanwhile, he pursued the study of law and 
in 1900 was awarded a license to practice law in the courts of West Vir- 
ginia. The same year he was renominated for the legislature, but was 
defeated by a few votes, sharing the fate which overtook the other candi- 
dates of his party in that year of Republican triumph. In 1902 he was 
again nominated, being elected this time, by a good round majority. Short- 
ly after the expiration of his term Mr. Bowman opened a law office at 
Philippi, West Virginia, and entered upon the practice of the profession, 
but his inclinations led him to engage in the negotiation of transactions 
in real estate, and it was not long before he gave his whole attention to 
this business. In 1904 Mr. Bowman was appointed by Governor Atkin- 
son a member of the State Board of Regents of West Virginia State 
Normal Schools, and served several years, being re-appointed by Gover- 
nor White, and later by Governor Dawson. By reason of his experience 
both as an instructor and a legislator Mr. Bowman took special interest 
in the discharge of his official duties, and was influential in securing ap- 
propriations for additional buildings and for increasing the salaries of 
teachers in the schools. In 1906 he came to Huntington and founded the 
Bowman Realty Company, now the leading organization of its kind in this 
city. The members of his firm are : Stuart Hampton Bowman, presi- 
dent ; L. H. Cammack, secretary ; and T. B. Bowman, field manager. In 
addition to doing a local business the company have originated and car- 
ried into successful operation an organization for handling real estate sub- 
divisions by special advertising campaigns, in public and private sales, in 
any section of the United States, having operated extensively in the 
southern, central western and middle states. 

Mr. Bowman is a member of the Board of Trustees of the George 
Peabody College for Teachers, at Nashville, Tennessee, the institution in 
which the unexpended funds left by the late George Peabody for the 
])romotion of education in the south are now being concentrated. Mr. 
r)Owman also belongs to the Board of Trustees of the Morris-Harvey 
College, at Barboursville, West Virginia. In 1913 he was the nominee 
of the Democratic party for State Senator in the Fifth Senatorial District 
but was defeated by about 100 votes in a total of over 19,000 votes, hav- 
ing to contest with the combined forces of the Republican and Progres- 
sive parties in the district. He affiliates with the Masonic fraternity, the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the Phi Kappa Psi college 
society. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 

Mr. Bowman married, November 16. 1904, Florence, born January 
10, 1881, at Ceredo, West Virginia, daughter of William L. and Isabel 
(Frizzell) Mansfield. Mr. IMansfield was born December 3, 1857, near 
Wayne Court House, and is now living in Huntington, being business 
manager of the Herald Dispatcli. the leading morning paper of southern 



154 WEST VIRGINIA 

West \'irginia. For several years he was a Democratic leader in the leg- 
islature. Airs. Mansfield was born March 4, 1861, in \'anceburg, Ken- 
tucky, and died April 14, 191 1. Mr. and Mrs. Bowman have no children. 



No list of the names of the leading business men of Hunt- 
PARKER ington would be complete without that of Percy Cadzy 
Parker, who, during the short time that he has been a res- 
ident of our city, has established a well founded reputation for sagacity 
and enterprise. 

Penjamin Parker, grandfather of Percy Cadzy Parker, was a native 
of Pennsylvania, whence he migrated to Aleigs county, Ohio, where he 
engaged in farming during the remainder of his life. 

Freeman Scott, son of Benjamin Parker, was born in Meigs county, 
Ohio, and served throughout the civil war in the Union army, as a mem- 
ber of the Fourth Regiment, West Mrginia Infantry, participating in the 
battle of Gettysburg and in many other important engagements. His 
brother, Erastus Parker, fighting on the same side, was wounded at Get- 
tysburg. After the return of peace Freeman Scott Parker worked at his 
trade, which was that of a carpenter. He married Nancy Jane, born 
March 8, 1853, in Athens county, Ohio, daughter of David Shields, also 
a native of that county, where he led the life of a farmer, dying in 1890, 
at the age of sixty-four. Mr. and Mrs. Parker were the parents of six 
sons : Guy Albert, justice of the peace at Tupper's Plains, Ohio ; Fred- 
erick Ardan, killed at Pontiac, Illinois, while in the discharge of his duty 
as baggage-master on the Chicago and Alton railroad ; Percy Cadzy, 
mentioned below ; Ivan Ernest, of Tupper's Plains, Ohio ; Carl Erzy, a 
potter of Huntington ; and Hal H., a decorator and paperhanger of 
Parkersburg, West Virginia. Freeman Scott Parker, the father of these 
children, died in 1890, at the comparatively early age of forty-nine, the 
cause of his death being a bronchial affection which he had contracted 
during his service in the army. His widow is now living at Tupper's 
Plains, Ohio. 

Percy Cadzy, son of Freeman Scott and Nancy Jane (Shields) Park- 
er, was born April 27, 1874, at Tupper's Plains, Meigs county, Ohio, and 
received his education in the public schools and the academy of his na- 
tive place. After finishing his course of study he went to Kansas City, 
Missouri, where for five years he held a position in the shipping depart- 
ment of a wholesale commission firm. He then returned home for a year, 
and at the end of that time went to Parkersburg, West A'irginia, where 
he established a wall-paper business which he conducted for eleven 
years. On December 10, 1910, he came to Huntington and opened a 
store on Eleventh street, but on November 20, 191 1, removed to his pres- 
ent finely appointed place of business on Ninth street, in the Fifth Ave- 
nue Hotel Building. He carries here a much larger stock than ever be- 
fore, having two basement store-rooms completely filled with supplies. 
Mr. Parker has already become a potent factor in the business world of 
Huntington, and, as an astute and progressive merchant of unquestion- 
able integrity in all his methods, and with an assured reputation for fair 
dealing, he is destined, as the years go on, to count more and more influ- 
entially in the commercial life of our city. 

In politics Mr. Parker is a Republican. He affiliates with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, the Modern 
Woodmen of America, the Royal Americans and the Tribe of Ben Hur. 
holding in this last-named organization the office of Supreme Keeper of 
the Inner Gate. He is a member of the Johnson Memorial Methodist 
Episcopal Church, South. 



WEST AaRGIXIA 155 

Mr. Parker married (first) Alaggie , and he married (second) 

November 28, 1902, at Parkersburg, Lillian E., born July i, 1881, al 
Washington, West Virginia, daughter of Wallace and Emma (Harwood) 
Edelen, both natives of Wood county, West Virginia. Mr. Edelen was 
a farmer and died several years ago. His widow is now. at the age of 
fifty-five, living with Mr. and Mrs. Parker in Huntington, yir. Parker 
has one child, Hazel Loretta, by his first marriage. 



One of Huntington's best known business men is Virgil Lee 

HAGY Hagy, of the Northcott-Tate-Hag)' Company, a firm of well 

established reputation. Mr. Hagy has been for more than 

fifteen years a resident of Huntington and is closely identified with our 

city's business interests. 

(I) Samuel Hag\', grandfather of A'irgil Lee Hagy, was born in Bos- 
wall, Switzerland, and came with his parents to the United States, set- 
tling near Newark, Ohio, where he passed his life as a farmer, dying at 
the age of sixty-five. 

(H) Jacob, son of Samuel Hag>-, was born in 1837, at Etna, Ohio. 
He was a boot and shoemaker. He served throughout the civil war as a 
member of the band of the Eighty-eighth Regiment Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry. His wife was ^largaret Abvert, born in 1838, at Washington. 
Pennsylvania. The following children were born to them : Virgil Lee, 
mentioned below ; Minnie M., wife of Wallace \'ickel, a farmer of Petas- 
kala, Ohio; James, died in 1897; Carrie A., wife of Charles Kochen- 
dorfer, a farmer of Newark, Ohio; Harley S., a merchant of Columbus, 
Ohio; Ollie. wife of Vincent Singer, also of Columbus, Ohio. Jacob 
Hagy, the father, has retired from business and is now living with his wife 
at Etna, Ohio. 

(HL) Virgil Lee, son of Jacob and Margaret (Abvert) Hagy, was 
born June 21, 1865, at Columbus, Ohio. He received his earliest educa- 
tion in the common schools of his native city, afterward attending Pro- 
fessor Holbrook's school at Lebanon, Ohio. After completing his course 
of study he served a four years' apprenticeship as a custom cutter, with 
George T. Scott, a noted cutter of Newark, Ohio. Upon the expiration 
of his time Mr. Hagy went to Pittsburgh and there worked at his trade, 
removing after a short time to Steubenville, Ohio, where he followed his 
trade for seven years. At the end of that time, in January, 1896. he 
came to Huntington, becoming cutter and manager of the tailoring depart- 
ment of the establishment of G. A. Northcott. In 1901 he was admitted 
to membership in the firm, the present style of which is the Northcott- 
Tate-Hag}' Company. In the sphere of politics Mr. Hagy is identified 
with the Democratic party. He affiliates with the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks and with several fraternal insurance organizations, 
including the Royal Arcanum, the Modern Woodmen, the Woodmen of 
the World, and others. He is a member of the German Reformed church. 
As a sagacious and honorable business man and a public-spirited citizen, 
Mr. Hagy is one of those whose presence and work in any community 
invariably make for its substantial progress and betterment. 

Mr. Hagy married, September 5, 1887. in Newark, Ohio, Eliza, born 
July 17, 1869, in Philadelphia, daughter of William and Rosa Floyd. Mr. 
Floyd, who was prominently associated with the Newark (Ohio) branch 
of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, died in 1895 ; his widow passed away 
in 1906. Mr. and Mrs. Hagy are the parents of one daughter: Zanfry 
M., born August 3, 1890. 



156 WEST VIRGINIA 

The Butcher family migrated from England and first 
BUTCHER settled in or near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where the 
name appears several times in the United States census, 
1790, in Lancaster and Montgomery counties. 

(I) Samuel Butcher, Sr.. migrated from Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, to near Bloomfield, Cameron parish, in Loudoun county, Virginia, 
then Prince William, afterwards Fairfax county, long before the revolu- 
tionary war. His wife's name was Susannah, who died in 1801 in Lou- 
doun county. His will was probated in Loudoun county, 1778. He owned 
a large plantation there. He donated land for and built a Baptist church 
near his home. They had eight children : John, married Susannah Lewis ; 
Susannah, born 1754. married James Grady; Mary, married Benjamin 
Overfield ; Elsa, married John Price ; Hannah, married Jenkins Phillips ; 
Elizabeth, married John Buskin ; Samuel, of whom further ; Jane, mar- 
ried Joseph Hickman. 

(II) Samuel (2). son of Samuel (i) Butcher, was born March 28, 
1756, and died in Wood county, Virginia (now West \lrginia). May 2, 
1847. He was a soldier in the revolutionary war and some time after 
the war, before 1800. moved west from Loudoun county, Virginia, locat- 
ing first in Randolph county, on the Tygarts Valley river, in the bend, 
near the new city of Elkins. and erected a mill on the river, near where 
the State Odd Fellows Home is now situated. He owned a large farm 
here, which he conveyed July, 1815, to Levi Ward. He had moved his 
family to Wood county, Virginia, shortly before this, locating across the 
Little Kanawha river, opposite the mouth of Walkers creek, in Butch- 
er's Bend, where two of his sons, Thomas and Peyton, had preceded him, 
and in the neighborhood where his married daughters had located. He 
married Hannah, born August 16, 1761, died February 2, 1844, in Wood 
county, Virginia, daughter of Thomas and L'ree (Humphrey) Drake, 
and niece of Colonel Thomas Humphrey, of Washington's staff. He 
declined to apply for a pension because the applicant must state that he 
owned less than $5,000 worth of property. His children were: i. Eli, 
of whom further. 2. Uree, born January 27, 1782; married Richard H. 
Reeder in 1801 in Randolph county, and migrated to Wood county, X'ir- 
ginia, where they lived to a great age and had thirteen children. 3. Thom- 
as, born April 3, 1784; married Susan Peadro in 1807 in Randolph coun- 
ty and removed to Wood county, on the Little Kanawha : had 
ten children, one of whom, Edwin Samuel Butcher, is still 
living (191 2) at the age of ninety-two. 4. Peyton, born June 
28, 1786; married Elizabeth Renick in 1810, moving from Ran- 
dolph county to Wood county. They had eight children. 5. Tasy, 
born 1787; married (first) John Peadro in 1813 in Randolph county, and 
moved to Wood county: eight children; married (second) Seth Harmer. 
6. John Humphrey, born in 1788; married (first) Nancy Overfield, (sec- 
ond) Mary Glasscock ; he resided in Loudoun county, Virginia ; six chil- 
dren. 7. Bailiss Grigsby, born in 1790; married (first) Patsy McNeal, 
(second) Susan Rust; two children by first wife. 8. Susannah, born 
April 22, 1798; married Atwell D. Vaughn, of Wood county; eleven 
children. 9. Anna W., born August 15, 1800; married (first) Abraham 
Pribble, of Wood county, (second) John Vaughn, of Wood county: five 
children. 10. Deborah, born January 26, 1804; married Hiram Pribble, 
of Wood county; seven children. 11. Hannah, born in 1805; married 
Daniel Kincheloe. of Wood county ; ten children. 

(III) Eli, son of Samuel (2) Butcher, was born .August 15, 1779, 
in Loudoun county, Virginia. He remained in Randolph county, to 
which his father removed from Loudoun, and thence to Wood, and be- 
came a prominent merchant at Beverly, the county seat of Randolph. 



WEST MRGINIA 157 

Before his father removed from Loudonn, Eli learned the trade of joiner 
or furniture-maker and was very efficient. One or more pieces of this 
handiwork made for his own pleasure are still in use. About the time of 
the formation of Barbour county he became the owner of valuable prop- 
erty at Booths Ferry, now Philippi, and moved there, but after a few- 
years sold out and returned to Beverly and built a country home on his 
farm near the town and resided there the remainder of his life. After 
the Black Hawk Indian war, 1840, he purchased a large tract of land on 
the Mississippi river, north of Rock Island, and several of his children lo- 
cated there. 

On September 27, 1804, he married (first) Elizabeth Hart, daughter 
of Edward and Nancy Hart. She was born in New Jersey, March 11, 
1780, and died October 24, 1823, leaving surviving her, nine children, as 
follows: I. Emily, born June 26, 1805: married Adam See, October 3, 
1822, and in 1852 removed to California with a large family. 2. Edith A., 
born October 16, 1806; married, June 27, 1823, Hugh Daily, who died 
near Cordova, Illinois, August 27, 1840; she died February 20, 1869, 
near Cordova, Illinois, leaving seven children. 3. Burrell B., born Au- 
gust 30, 1808: married Julia Ann Rightmire ; he died March 8, 1841, 
near Cordova, Illinois, leaving wife and two children. 4. Thursey, born 
May 24, 1810: married Jonathan Arnold, February 18, 1827. and died in 
Randolph county, June 5, 1828, leaving no child surviving. 5. John Hugh, 
born May 24, 1812, died unmarried, July 6, 1850, of cholera, on the 
Rocky Mountains, on the way to California. 6. Mariah, born May 26, 
1815; married John Ashford, of Kentucky, September 12, 1833; she died 
in Lyons, Iowa, December, 1893. 7. Theodore, born July 26, 1817; mar- 
ried Eunice Stalnaker, March i, 1836, and died in Comanche, Iowa. 
February 27, 1893, leaving one son. Burns. 8. Rufus, born August 8, 
1819, died September 11, 1839, at Cordova, Illinois, unmarried. 9. Ed- 
ward Grady, born September i, 1822; married (first) Sallie Wilson, at 
Clinton, Iowa; she died April 12, 1878; he married (second) Susan E. 
(Booth) Teachore, January 15, 1882, and died January 11, 1892, at his 
home in Comanche, Iowa; three children. Eli Butcher married (second) 
Margaret, daughter of Daniel Hart, who was son of John Hart, the sing- 
er, April 18, 1825. She was born September, 1791, and died November 3, 
1867, at Beverly, West Virginia. By this marriage he had four children, 
one of whom died in infancy: the surviving children were: i. Eli Baxter, 
of whom further. 2. Fountain, born October 21, 1827; married (first) 
Lee Ann Hamilton; four children; married (second) Almira Ruder; 
three children; died February i, 1893. 3. Creed W., born February 6, 
1834; married Amanda Daniels, and died January 30. 1895, leaving nine 
children. 

(IV) Eli Baxter, son of Eli Butcher, was born February i, 1826, 
and died ]\Iarch 25, 1862. He became a merchant and took charge of a 
store near Huttonsville, when he was fourteen years of age, for his 
father, and about the time he was married bought out his father and be- 
came a very prosperous merchant, and a popular man of high standing, 
being frequently called to serve in public and semi-public positions. The 
war between the states resulted in the loss of his store and a large amount 
of property, as well as the destruction by fire, after his death, of his 
large and valuable buildings, including his dwelling house, store, barns, 
etc., by order of a Federal officer, setting the widow and her four infant 
children in the public road. 

He married, October 28, 1852, Elizabeth, born at Huttonsville, July 
23, 1836, daughter of Moses and Mary (Haigler) Hutton (see Hutton 
III). The children are as follows: i. Bernard L.. of whom further. 2. 
Florence May, born May 30, 1856, at Huttonsville ; married Jared L. 



158 WEST VIRGINIA 

\'N'amsley, August 7, 1880, son of Captain Jacob S. and Minerva (Hamil- 
ton) Wamsley. 3. Mary Hart, born April 10, 1858, at Hnttonsville ; mar- 
ried, May 13, 1879, E. D. Wamsley, son of Captain Jacob S. and Minerva 
(Hamilton) Wamsley, at Beverly, West Virgima. 4. Ida Miller, born 
July 19, i860, at Huttonsville, West Virginia: married, October 9, 1888, 
at Beverly, John C. Arbogast, son of Frank and Mary (Beard) Arbo- 
gast ; they have eight children, and reside at Asheville, North Carolina. 

(V) The Hon. Bernard L. Butcher, son of Eli Baxter Butcher, was 
born September 12, 1853, near Huttonsville, Randolph county. West Vir- 
ginia. He was reared in Randolph county, receiving his early education 
in the Huttonsville Academy and the public schools ; and then attended 
the Fairmont State Normal School, from which he graduated with the 
class of 1874. During his continuance in the Normal School and for a 
year afterward, he studied law with the late Judge Alpheus F. Hay- 
mond, of Fairmont, and was admitted to the practice of law in Randolph 
county in the fall of 1875. and has been in active practice since that time. 
He became owner and editor with V. B. Trimble, of the Randolph Enter- 
prise in 1875-76. 

He was elected prosecuting attorney of Randolph county in the fall 
of 1876, and served the term of four years acceptably to the people of 
that county. During this time he was also a member of the board of 
regents of the State Normal Schools, being appointed in 1877 by Gover- 
nor Henry M. Mathews. His interest in the public schools and the State 
Normal Schools brought him to the attention of the educational leaders 
and others, and he was nominated and elected on the Democratic ticket 
in 1880 for state superintendent of free schools, at the age of twenty- 
seven, and served the term of four years, removing from his home at 
Beverly to Wheeling, then the capital of the state. During his term of 
office important progress was made in educational development. The 
Normal Schools were re-established in public favor and the appropria- 
tions made permanent and greatly increased. He re-established the 
ScJiool Journal: obtained legislation providing for the education of col- 
ored teachers : established Arbor Day in the schools of the state in 1882, 
being the first state east of the Mississippi : and did many things to make 
the schools of the state more uniform, and stimulated the eflforts to pro- 
vide better houses and better teachers. His term of office was aptly 
termed a "revival of education" in the state. 

About the close of his term of office, or early in 1886, he was ap- 
pointed permanent secretary of the Business Men's Development .Asso- 
ciation of the State, presided over by the late United States Senator 
Johnson N. Camden ; he continued in that position for some time, prepar- 
ing, printing and distributing literature in relation to the resources of the 
state and the advantages for investors and those seeking homes in the 
state. The association was the beginning of the great development, 
which has since come, of the natural resources of the state of West Vir- 
ginia : bringing in large capital for investment and for development, es- 
pecially in coal, oil, gas, and timber, resulting in extensive railroad build- 
ing. Mr. Butcher was actively engaged with others for several year.s 
during the succeeding period, until about 1893, in the purchase of large 
boundaries of timber and coal lands, having removed to Beverly from 
Wheeling in the meantime. 

In 1892 he was elected one of the presidential electors, voting for 
Grover Cleveland for president. The following year, 1893, he was one 
of the jurors in the Forestry Department of the World's Fair at Chicago, 
and spent several weeks there, during the fair, assisting in advertising 
the attractions of the state. He moved about that time to Fairmont, 
where he has since resided, engaged in the practice of law. 



WEST VIRGIXIA 159 

He has always been actively identified with the ailvancenient of pub- 
lic education, being one of the directors of the Public Library for many 
years ; trustee of Davis and Elkins College : and was for ten years a mem- 
ber of the board of regents of the State Colored Institute, near Charles- 
ton, West \'irginia, which has grown to be a great indu-trial and educa- 
tional institution for the colored race. 

In 1901 he was appointed referee in bankruptcy by the late Judge 
John J. Jackson, judge of the United States district court, and has been 
reappointed from time to time by his successor. Judge Alston G. Dayton. 
In 1906 he was nominated by the Democrats of Marion county for judge 
of the intermediate court, but declined the nomination. 

He was active in the organization of the Marion County Law Library 
and the ?vIarion County Historical Society, having been a member of the 
State Historical Society for a long time. He has been for many years 
a member of the Pre.sbyterian church, in which he is an elder ; a member 
of the Masonic fraternity: and a director in the Young Men's Christian 
Association. 

Mr. Butcher has been an active Democrat and taken a prominent part 
in the councils of his party, both state and local, and has a wide circle of 
acquaintances and friends. 

He married, January 23. 1878. Mary Ellen, born September 7, 1856, 
in Marion county. West Virginia, daughter of Daniel H. and Hannah 
(Bunner) Ayers. They were married at her home in Palatine, now 
Fairmont, Marion county, ^^"est A'irginia. They had four children, one 
dying in infancy: i. Willa Hart, born October 8, 1878, at Beverly; teach- 
er ; married John L. Lehman. Esq.. of Fairmont, West Virginia, April 
23, 1909: died November 11. 191 1. 2. Samuel Hutton, born June 12, 
1881, in Fairmont: attorney-at-law : married Mary Williams. April, 191 1. 
3. Birch L., born in Wheeling, June 23. 1883 : civil engineer ; unmarried. 

(The Hutton Line). 

The Hutton family, into which Eli Baxter Butcher married, is of 
Welsh origin and first settled near Moorefield, on the south branch of 
the Potomac, Virginia, where they became prominent land-owners, es- 
pecially Colonel Moses Hutton. 

(II) Jonathan, son of Colonel Moses Hutton, and grandfather of 
Elizabeth (Hutton) Butcher, was born in the South Branch Valley of 
the Potomac, near Moorefield, June 3, 1769, and married Mary Trout- 
wine, May, 1790: soon after they moved west to the Tygarts Valley, set- 
tling at what soon became Huttonsville. in Randolph county. He became 
a leading man of that county and a large landowner. He had a large 
family, who intermarried with the leading families of that time in Ran- 
dolph county, as follows : Elizabeth, married Andrew Crouch : Moses, 
of whom further: Catherine, married Charles C. See; John A., married 
Dorothy See ; Abram, married Ann Wilson ; Mary, married Washington 
J. Long. 

(III) Moses (2), son of Jonathan Hutton, was born August 13, 
1795. on the South Branch. He married Mary, daughter of Jacob and 
Christina (Harper) Haigler. They had a large family, who inter-mar- 
ried with leading families of that region, as follows: Alfred, married 
Caroline Ward : Mary Ann, married Thomas B. Scott ; Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Eli B. Butcher (see Butcher IV) ; Colonel Elihu, married Sophronia 
Woodford; Eugenus, who was a Confederate soldier, killed in battle near 
Winchester, Virginia, 1864 : Virginia, married Lee M. Ward : Mozella, 
married W. Scott Woodford. 



i6o WEST VIRGINIA 

Charles Mabry Wallace, whu has since 1895 ranked aa 
WALLACE one of the leading jewelers of Huntington, is a son of 

New England who has found a profitable and congenial 
field for his energies and talents among the mountains of West Virginia, 
and has identified himself with the leading interests of his home city. 

(I) Edmund Wallace, grandfather of Charles Mabry Wallace, was 
born in Londonderry, New Hampshire, where his father had settled on 
emigrating from his native Scotland. Edmund Wallace was a cooper by 
trade, and at the time of his death had nearly completed three score and 
ten years. 

(II) George E., son of Edmund Wallace, was born August 16, 1836, 
in Castine, Maine. He served throughout the civil war in Company A, 
Twenty-sixth Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry. At the battle of Irish 
Bend, Louisiana, he was in the hottest of the fight, sustaining injuries 
which ultimately caused his death. He married Ellen, daughter of Isaac 
Deering, a farmer of Waldo county, Maine, and a lay preacher of the 
Baptist church, who died at the age of seventy-eight. Mr. Wallace, in his 
latter years, retired from business, making his home in Los Angeles, 
where he died February 14, 1904. Mrs. Wallace, now seventy-seven 
years old, resides with her son in Huntington. Of the children born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Wallace but two lived to maturity : Charles Mabry, men- 
tioned below ; Mabel, who died February 6, 1909, in Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, aged forty years. 

(III) Charles Mabry, son of George E. and Ellen (Deering) Wal- 
lace, was born July i, 1864, on his father's farm, in Waldo county, Maine, 
and was nine years old when his parents moved to Belfast, the county 
seat. It was there that the boy received his education. After leaving 
school he studied law for one year, but his natural bent was for mercan- 
tile life, and his father, perceiving this, left him free to follow his inclina- 
tion. Accordingly, he served an apprenticeship of two years and five 
months with a jeweler in Belfast, and at the end of that time, being then 
twenty-one years old, he set out to seek his fortune. He went first to 
Richmond, Maine, and then to Littleton, New Hampshire, where he 
spent three years and a half. He next migrated to Nashua, New Hamp- 
shire, remaining two years, and then going to Whitefield, in the same 
state, and living there three years. During all this time he was working 
as a journeyman, acquiring a store of experience which was to stand him 
in good stead in after years. On April i, 1895, Mr. Wallace came to 
Huntington, and opened the store on Third avenue which he has ever 
since conducted, carrying as complete a line as can be found in the city. 
In Huntington Mr. Wallace has found not only the commercial prosper- 
ity of which he was in quest, but also a geniality and friendliness which 
long ago assured him that our city rejoiced to welcome this northern 
stranger who has for many years been numbered among her most 
esteemed residents. In the sphere of politics Mr. Wallace is identified 
with the Independent Democrats. He affiliates with the Masonic bodies, 
including the Knights Templar, the Scottish Rite Masons, and the mem- 
bers of the Mystic Shrine. 

Mr. Wallace married, June 13, 1888, in Belfa.st, Maine, Mary J., born 
June 25, 1866, in Waldo county, daughter of .A-llen J. and Adelaide Sim- 
mons. Mr. Simmons is a farmer of Waldo county, where he and his wife 
are now living. Mr. and Mrs. Wallace are the parents of one son : Frank 
Charles, who was born June 5, 1891, attended the local schools and Mar- 
shall College, and is now serving an apprenticeship in his father's store. 



WEST VIRGINIA i6i 

Few residents of Huntington are more closely and promi- 
FROST nentl\- identified with the city's most vital business interests 

than is Ellis Porter Frost, and none, it may be safely as- 
rcrted without fear of contradiction, is more devoted to the furtherance 
of all that tends to promote the welfare of his fellow citizens. 

Nathan Frost, grandfather of Ellis Porter Frost, was a native of 
Scotland, and emigrated to Alaryland, where he was the first pioneer of 
Allegany county. He was the first discoverer of coal within the limits of 
the county, finding it on his own land. He was one of the leading citi- 
zens of that region in his day and generation, and the town of Frostburg, 
now celebrating its hundredth anniversary, was named in his honor. 

(II) Mesach, son of Nathan Frost, was born in Frostburg, Maryland, 
and was for twenty-two years in the service of the Adams Express Com- 
pany. He married Sidney Snyder, also a native of Frostburg, daughter 
of John Stoyer, who attained to the unsual age of ninety-two, and grand- 
daughter, on the maternal side, of John Christian Frederick Heyer, the 
first American missionary to India. In that land Mr. Heyer spent all 
the active years of his life, devoting his wealth to the cause of missions 
and erecting many buildings for missionary purposes. Mr. and Mrs. 
Frost were the parents of three children : Ellis Porter, mentioned below ; 
Haidee, died in September, 1900, aged twenty-two years : and Hazel Ann, 
born April 15, 1884, now of Clarksburg, West Virginia. The mother 
of the family died in November, 1900, aged thirty-seven, and the father 
passed away July 6, 1907, at the age of fifty-two. 

(III) Ellis Porter, son of Mesach and Sidney Snyder (Stoyer) 
Frost, was born February 16, 1880, in Lonaconing, Maryland, and at- 
tended the schools of Baltimore and Huntington, his parents having re- 
sided in both these cities. They came to Huntington in 1891, and here, 
when his school days were over, Ellis Porter was employed for five 
years, in a clerical capacity by the Adams Express Company, afterward 
serving them four years on the road. He then went to Louisville. Ken- 
tucky, where for nine months he held the position of assistant agent for 
the same company, going, at the end of that time, to St. Louis, Missouri, 
where, for a brief period, he was cashier for the company. In 1902 he 
returned to Huntington and established his present business on Third 
avenue, steadily prospering until December 31, 191 1, when his building, 
with its entire equipment, was destroyed by fire. 

Among the many enterprises and interests to which Mr. Frost devotes 
his energies, the real estate business holds a foremost place, and he is 
an extensive owner of undeveloped property in Huntington. He is treas- 
urer and director in the Home Piuilding & Savings Company and the 
Huntington Development & Gas Company, secretary and part owner of 
the Columbia Gas Stove Company and a stockholder in several other in- 
dustries, including membership in the firm of Thompson-Thornburg- 
Watts & Frost, and also in the Hans-Watts Realty Company. In politics 
]\Ir. Frost is a Republican. He affiliates with the i\Iasonic fraternity and 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

;\Ir. Frost married, November 4, 1902, in Huntington, Bertha Lewis, 
a native of that city, daughter of the late Charles Robinson, associated 
with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, and ^Matilda (McCreery) Rob- 
inson, his wife, who is now living with Mr. and Mrs. Frost in Hunting- 
ton. The family of Mr. and l\Irs. Frost consists of three children : Jack 
Pritchard, born August 16, 1903 : Charles Mesach, born February IQ, 
1905 ; and Hazel Anne, born April 16, 1909. 

With the qualities of a progressive and sagacious business man Mr. 
Frost combines those of a truly public-spirited citizen and bv his en- 
terprising disposition, clear forethought and accurate judgment, has im- 



i62 WEST MRGIXIA 

])arted an impetus to the entire commercial and industrial life of Hunt- 
ington, causing his success to minister not to his personal prosperity and 
well-being alone, but to advance the progress and hasten the improvement 
of the city which is his home and the center of his interests. 



No business man of Huntington is better known or more 
VINSON highly esteemed than is William Sampson Vinson, proprie- 
tor of the Fountain Drug Store. Mr. Vinson is a repre- I 
sentative of a family which, for half a ceiuury, has taken a prominent , 
part in the afifairs of Cabell county. j 

(I) William \''inson, grandfather of William Sampson Vinson, was I 
a farmer and large slaveholder in Tennessee, but lost all his property dur- \ 
ing the war between the states. The latter years of his life were spent in j 
Missouri and it was there he died. ! 

(II) Dr. Bennett Clay \'inson, son of William Vinson, was born in ] 
Gallatin, Tennessee. He was educated in St. Louis, studying for the i 
medical profession. After practicing for a few years in that city he I 
came, during the war, to Milton, West \^irginia, which he made his home i 
for the remainder of his life. For a quarter of a century he was one of I 
the best known physicians of Cabell county, and also took a leading part j 
in local politics, serving one term in the state legislature as representative j 
of his county, having been elected on the Democratic ticket. Dr. Mnson i 
married Mary Frances, daughter of Captain William Simmons, who i 
came as a boy from Baltimore to Guyandotte, and was a leading cabinet f 
maker and bridge-builder of Cabell county. The family have now in | 
their possession specimens of his superior workmanship. His son, Colo- ' 
nel Simmons, was well known throughout the county. Children born to j; 
Dr. and Mrs. Vinson : i. Grace Clara, wife of W. O. Walton, of Hunt- f 
ington. 2. William Sampson, of whom further. 3. Frances V., wife of !| 
W. T. Cooley, of Salt Lake City, Utah. 4. Bennett Clay, Jr. 5, 6 and 7. ji 
Charles C, Lulu Maud and James A., are deceased. Dr. Vinson died J: 
August 2, 1888, at the comparatively early age of forty-nine years, and || 
his widow, now seventy-two years old, and in the enjoyment of vigorous |i 
health, resides with her son, William Sampson X'inson, in his beautiful 
home on Fifth avenue. 

(HI) William Sampson, son of Dr. Bennett Clay and ;\Iary Frances 
(Simmons) Vinson, was born February 16, 1870, in Milton, Cabell county. 
West Virginia. He received his preparatory education in the local schools, 
afterward studying at Marshall College and Dunsmore College, Staunton, 
Virginia. Mr. Vinson began his business career as a clerk in Boggess' drug- 
store, in Huntington, remaining over five years and acquiring that thorough 
knowledge of all branches of his chosen calling which has constituted the 
foundation of his success. In 1898 Mr. Vinson went into business for him- 
self, on the same site on Ninth street which he has ever since continuously 
occupied. His establishment is known as the Fountain Drug Store and 
Mr. Vinson from the beginning has been the sole proprietor. His suc- 
cess, as his long record testifies, has consisted not in material profit alone, 
but in the building up of an enviable reputation for integrity and fair 
dealing. Mr. Vinson is a stockholder in a number of business organiza- 
tions of this city, including the Sand & Gravel Company. He is also 
much interested in real estate, being part owner of the elegant Vinson- 
Walton Building, and of a large amount of other business property. He 
was one of the organizers of the West Virginia State Pharmaceutical As- 
sociation, serving for a number of years as its treasurer, and during 191 1 
holding the office of president. He is a Democrat in politics, affiliates 
with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and is a member of 



WEST MRGIXIA 163 

the Baptist church. To the traditions of professional and pohtical dis- 
tinction which, in Cabell county, are associated with the name of \'inson, 
William Sampson \'inson has added the reputation of an able and hon- 
orable business man. 



The progenitor of this family in .\merica was William 
WALTON Walton, an English jeweler and diamond setter, who was 
born in 1832, and came over from England in the year 
1865, with his wife and four eldest" children. They settled in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, where Mr. Walton followed his trade and ultimately en- 
gaged in business for himself, becoming so successful that he was able 
to retire some ten years prior to his death. He was one of Pittsburgh's 
most prominent and influential citizens, becoming a tire commissioner and 
very active in the iire department of that city. He died in September, 
1898, at the age of sixty-six years, while on a visit to his son, W. O. 
Walton, in Huntington, West Virginia. Mr. Walton married Martha 
Allen, also born in England, and now living in her eighty-second year, at 
the family residence in Pittsburgh. Mr. and Mrs. Walton were the par- 
ents of six children, the two youngest having been born in Pittsburgh after 
the family had removed to this country. These children are as follows : 
I. Francis Henry, married Josephine McMasters: four children: Thomas 
McMasters, Francis Richmond, David, Elsie. 2. Mary, married Luther 
L. Smith, of Chicago, Illinois; four children: Benjamin, Richard, Mark, 
Elizabeth. 3. William O., of whom further. 4. Nellie, married Marshall 
L. Jenkins, deceased; she is living in Pittsburgh and has three children; 
Marguerite, Edith, Walton. 5. Martha, married George K. Anderson; 
two children : Marguerite and Helen. 6. John, who died in Mexico ; he 
was at one time deputy sheriff of Cabell county. West Virginia. 

(H) William O., son of William and Martha (Allen) Walton, was 
born in England, February 15, 1858. He came to America with his par- 
ents when he was seven years of age, and resided in Pittsburgh. His 
education was received at the old seventeenth ward school house in that 
city, and at the Westminster College, .^fter completing his studies at 
the college he became connected with the Lyons Lumber Company, of 
Huntington, West A'irginia, later associating himself with the firm of 
Lawrence, Johnson & Company, of Philadelphia, who were lumber and 
timber operators ; he remained with them for eighteen years. In 1900 
he began operating in timber and coal lands, not only in West Virginia, 
but in adjoining states, and has become so successful that it now requires 
all of his time to look after his various interests. He has become con- 
nected with many of the varied industries of Huntington and owns a con- 
siderable amount of real estate, erecting in the year 1904 the office build- 
ing known as the Walton Building on Ninth street between Fourth and 
Fifth Avenues. Mr. Walton is a member of the Republican party, and 
in the year 1896 was a candidate for sheriff of Cabell county : he was 
elected for a term of four years, being the first Republican sheriff ever 
elected in that county. He is a thirty-second degree Mason, Knights 
Templar, and a Shriner, and is also a member of Blue Lodge, No. 390, 
McCandleless, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Walton married. May 22, 1883, Clara Grace Vinson, a native of 
Lincoln township, Benton county. Missouri, daughter of Dr. Bennett Clay 
Vinson, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work. Mr. and Mrs. 
Walton have eight children, as follows : Mary Martha : Grace Maud, mar- 
ried J. Coleman Alderson ; WilHam Bennett: Ethel Vinson, married Tunis 
Dils, of Charleston, West Virginia, has one child, Grace Walton Dils ; 
Lawrence Johnson ; Daniel Porter : Vinson Oliver : William O., Jr. All 
of the children were born in Cabell county, West Virginia. 



i64 WEST MRGIXIA 

As one of the originator; of commission government in 
POLLOCK practical form in the city of Huntington, and a mem- 
ber of the original "Big Four," now in tenure, Lester \ 
Pollock is todaj' commissioner in charge of street and wharves. He i- a 
man of striking personality, eager, energetic, full of life, and appearuiL; 
much younger than his actiial count of years. In his services to the city -i 
Huntington he stands pre-eminently in the public esteem. 

]\Ir. Pollock was born in Cincinnati. Ohio. December. 1870. and of the 
forty odd years which thus stand to his account one would hardly gi\e 
him' credit' for more than twenty-five upon the first impression. .After 
having received his education in the public schools of Cincinnati, he im- 
mediately entered business life in the employ of one of the large whole- 
sale shoe stores of that city, and has made his own way in the world ever 
since. His ability was manifest at once: he was started out on the road 
with a trunk full of samples and told to make good, which he did. ami 
continued to do straight along for the following eight years. After tint 
he went to Pittsburgh where he entered the steel and iron business. ■ 
hibiting the same aptitude there that had helped him in the shoe busin. - 
When he had mastered the details of the new business, he removed • 
Huntington, West Mrginia. where he erected the plant of the West \ ir- 
ginia Rail Alill. one of the largest independent concerns of the kind in tlic 
L'nited States, in which he still holds a place on the board of directorship ; 
this is in steady operation here today, employing a large force of men. 

He became recognized as a thoroughly progressive business man and 
prominent in Huntington politics, being a thorough and out-spoken mem- 
ber of the Republican party. It was while he was one of the executive 
heads of the \\'est A'irginia Rail Company that he first entered municipal 
politics, and three years ago he undertook the task of securing a commis- 
sionership, pro^^ng eminently successful not only in the attainment of the 
ofiSce, but in the wisdom with which he has administered its duties. He 
has exhibited no partisanship, but has demanded an impartial distribution 
of public offices, and has shown himself to be fair-minded and progressive 
in civic attairs in the best sense of the words. He is a strong believer in 
public improvements, and has advocated the excellent plans of paving 
and sewer improvements which have been put into effect by the commis- 
sion. He has also given his aid to the cause of regulating public ser- 
vice corporations, and to the developing of a better understanding be- 
tween them and the city. 

During the period he served on the board of commissioners, the ex- 
penses of the department of health and the poor had been cut in half, 
though he has never failed to help the absolutely needy, and improve- 
ments and the expenditures in streets and wharves have proven the same. 
His method of picking out really worthy cases is unique ; when one of 
the apparently poor applies for help, the applicant is offered a good posi- 
tion at the West \'irginia Rail Mill, paying well but requiring hard work. 
In this way the fraudulent seekers of public benefactions are eliminated, 
as only about one-half of one per cent, report for duty. Mr. Pollock ad- 
heres to the principles of his political party with the same tenacity that 
marks his adheience to business of every kind in which he engages: be- 
fore his appointment to the commissionership he had been made chair- 
man of the Republican county executive committee. He has proved him- 
self in every way an able public official, a good citizen, and a loyal friend. 
Mr. Pollock is a member of Huntington Lodge, Xo. 113, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, also L'nited Commercial Travellers. Royal 
Arcanum, Independent Order of Red Men and Ancient Order of L'nited 
Workmen. 




// J'f/(/ Uf(C(.) 



WEST MRGIXIA 165 

Mr. Pollock married, Alarch 12, 1905, Rosa B. Eiseman ; one child, 
Anyce. Mr. Pollock and wife are members of the Jewish Congregation 
of Huntington, and he is one of the trustees of the Temple. 



In the death of Virgil A. Lewis, which occurred at his home 
LEWIS in Mason City on December 5, 1912, West Virginia lost 
one of her most useful citizens, and a most prominent liter- 
ary character. Besides his work as an author, he had filled many posi- 
tion,^ of honor and trust, and for the last seven years had rendered most 
efficient service to the state, and in fact to the entire upper Ohio Valley 
as stace historian and archivist of West Virginia. As thus intimated, his 
work was net limited to his own state, because he kept in active touch 
with all the material and historical development of the territory known 
as the Trans-Alleghany region. 

Born in Mason county, Virginia (now West Virginia) in 1848, his 
early opportunities for securing an education were limited. That was 
before there was a regular system of free schools, and even the pri- 
vate schools were limited and not very numerous. However, young 
Lewis, eager for gaining knowledge, attended such schools as he could 
reach in his own community, and when but a lad crossed the river daily 
to school in Ohio for quite a length of time, sometimes amidst the dan- 
ger of drift and floating ice. At an early age he found employment in 
a printing office and became quite proficient in this line of work, but he 
said that the inspiration he received to become an editor and author was 
an incentive for all his future efforts. Even in more mature manhood 
he was denied the privilege of a full college education, but he applied 
himself sc faithfully and diligently to every task he undertook, that it 
may be said that he was an educated man in the true sense of the term. 

Having determined to pursue a literary career, it was very natural 
that the ambitious young man should become a teacher, and he entered 
upon this work when only seventeen years of age, meanwhile continuing 
his historical investigations and gathering material for what has since 
become recognized as the standard school history of West Virginia. In 
1892 he founded the Southern Historical Magazine at Charleston, and from 
1893-1897 was the editor and publisher of the West Virginia School Jour- 
nal, this being the period during which time he served as state superin- 
tendent of schools of West \"irginia, having been elected to that position 
for the full term of four years in the fall of 1892. While occupying this 
important educational position, Mr. Lewis labored earnestly for the im- 
provement of the schools of the state, and decided advancement was 
made under his administration. He issued a Manual containing a course 
of study for the public schools, which became the basis for the present ex- 
cellent course outlined by the state board of education. As one of the 
five elective officers of the state at that time, he was a member of the 
board of public works, and represented the board in many important in- 
terests, once at a great industrial congress at Asheville, North Carolina. 
He was also a member and secretary of the West Virginia Commission 
to the Jamestown Exposition in 1907. 

Although regularly admitted to the bar, Mr. Lewis never gave much 
attention to the practice of law, preferring what was to him the more 
pleasant fields of literary endeavor, and historical investigation. In 1890 
he organized the West Virginia Historical and Antiquarian Society, and 
he was a member of the Southern Education .Association, the National 
Geographic Society, the Ohio \"alley and the Mississippi historical socie- 
ties, the National Historical Society, and other historical and educational 
organizations of this character. 



i66 WEST VIRGINIA 

Recognizing the value of books as educational tools to be used in the 
school room, Mr. Lewis devoted a good deal of time to the writing of 
volumes which contain much valuable historical material which otherwise 
might have been lost, and which have found a place not only in the li- 
braries of our own state, but on the shelves of historical societies all over 
the country. In 1889 he issued a "History of West Virginia"; in 1891, 
the "Life and Times of Anne Bailey, the Pioneer Heroine of the Great 
Kanawha Valley" ; in 1896 a graded course of study for the country and 
village schools; in 1903 the story of the Louisiana Purchase; in 1904, 
"Early Educators of West \'irginia" ; in 1905, "Civil Government of 
West Virginia"; and in 1909, "History of the Battle of Point Pleasant," 
and other pamphlets and sketches of great historic value, many of them 
being addresses delivered on notable occasions in various parts of the 
.state. Mr. Lewis was a popular institute instructor, and when among a 
body of teachers always emphasized the necessity of the study of local 
history as the foundation of one's historic knowledge. 

On October 31, 1886, Mr. Lewis was married to Miss Elizabeth Stone, 
who with three children, two daughters and a son, survives him. He was 
interested in the leading fraternal bodies, being a Mason, a Knight Tem- 
plar, and a member of the Lodge of Perfection of the Scottish Rite, a 
member of the Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows and a past grand chancellor 
of the Knights of Pythias. He was recently elected to his second term of 
six years as a member of the board of directors of the Knights of Pythias 
Orphans' Home, of which body he was chairman. 

From the date of the admission of West Virginia into the Union in 
1863, there had been accumulating at the capital, first at Wheeling, then 
at Charleston, a mass of material of great historic value. Some of this 
bad been secured from the Mother State at Richmond, other from dif- 
ferent parts of the new state, but there was but little classification, and 
these valuable records were not properly cared for. For a time this ma- 
terial was under the control of the West Virginia Historical and Anti- 
quarian Society, and occupied an upper room at the capitol building at 
Charleston where a good number of volumes of various kinds were col- 
lected, and also where some of the best of the state's exhibits that were 
returned from the Centennial at Philadelphia in 1876, from Chicago in 
1893, and from St. Louis in 1904, were stored in a somewhat promiscuous 
manner. Finally it became apparent that if this material were to be pre- 
served and made usable, some provision must be made for it, and now the 
historic insight of Virgil A. Lewis manifested itself in a very definite 
manner. In 1905 he prepared a bill providing for the creation of a De- 
partment of Archives and History, which should be located on the third 
floor of the Capitol Annex, which was then nearing completion, and 
should be in charge of a competent custodian, who was to be known as 
state historian and archivist. The legislature adopted this measure, and 
the law went into effect in May, 1905, and not long afterwards the gov- 
ernor appointed Mr. Lewis to this important position. This appointment 
was all the more appreciated by Mr. Lewis, and also by the general imb- 
lic, because his political affiliations dififered from those of Governor \\'il- 
liam M. O. Dawson, who selected him. However, the appointment was 
approved all over the state, and Mr. Lewis entered upon his duties with 
the cordial support of all who had any interest in preserving our history, 
and some of the evidences of our material progress, .\lthough the appro- 
priation for the installation of the new department was somewhat limited, 
Mr. Lewis set to work in earnest, and the transformation he made in a 
short time was indeed remarkable. The books were classified, the ex- 
hibits properly arranged, portraits and historic paintings were secured 
and put into position on the walls and elsewhere, and the entire floor, 



WEST VIRGINIA 167 

with an area of over six thousand square feet, tilled with a collection that 
is very creditable to a state no older than is West \irginia. Here for 
nearly eight years ]\Ir. Lewis worked early and late, even to the injury to 
his health, in arranging and systematizing the accumulation of fifty years 
of historic material. Visitors from other states are amazed at what he 
accomplished in so short a time, and have congratulated the state upon 
having an archivist so capable and efficient. His work was truly monu- 
mental, and this department will stand throughout the years to come as 
a memorial to one of the most faithful, energetic, and broad-minded citi- 
zens who ever lived in the commonwealth. 

Speaking at the grave of Mr. Lewis, Hon. Stuart F. Reed. Secretary 
of State, and a lifelong friend of the deceased, said : 

".At the bier of our loved ones philosophy falters and the priests and sages of 
earth are dumb. This would indeed be sad! But I rejoice that another thinker has 
suggested that above the tomb Hope catches the gleam of a star, and listening Love 
hears the rustle of a wing. My friend had traversed many of the mutations of time. 
He was approaching the sacred seventies, bringing with him into this rushing hurly- 
burly, materialistic age. the rare graces and sweet mannerisms of the old-time gentle- 
man. 

"While his memory will live in the literature enriched by his tireless pen and his 
name be perpetuated in the volumes that find a resting place in many libraries 
throughout our land, the most precious will be the memorials enshrined in the hearts 
of those who knew hiiri — the recollection of his grateful and generous impulses. To 
do for him the slightest favor and be rewarded with his expression of unreserved 
gratitude and good will was enough to fill one's soul with an almost inexpressible 
delight. He is gone — 

" '.A celestial hand has beckoned him. 
Another call been given. 
And glows once more with angel steps 
The path that reaches Heaven.' " 



The Emmons family of this city trace their ancestry 
EMMONS back to Major Asa Emmons, a native of Connecticut, 
born in 1773, dying about 1824. He was engaged to a 
large extent in the lumber business, also owning several woolen mills and 
saw mills in New York, where he removed when a young man. He be- 
came prominently connected with New York politics, and served as major 
of the state militia. About 1804 he married Eunice Prentice, and they 
had five children, among whom was Carlton, of whom further. 

dl) Carlton, second son of IVlajor Asa and Eunice (Prentice) Em- 
mons, was born in Otsego county. New York, in 1806. He spent his life 
on a farm, dying in possession of a six hundred acre tract of land which 
his son preserved just as his parents left it, having all work continued upon 
it during his lifetime. ]\Ir. Emmons acted as town supervisor of Oneonta 
New York, for a number of years, and was recognized as a most worthy 
and patriotic citizen. He died in 1880. In 1827 he married ]Maria Fair- 
child, who died in 1875, at the age of sixty-seven years. Their children 
were : Delos White, of whom further ; and Roxy A., married T. T. Alden, 
now deceased. 

(Ill) Delos A\'hite. son of Carlton and Maria (Fairchild) Emmons, 
was born at Oneonta. Otsego county. New York. December 17, 1828. He 
left college when he was about nineteen years of age and spent the next 
several years on his father's farm. When about twenty-two years old he 
entered mercantile business at Aldenville, Pennsylvania, continuing thus 
for four years. He subsequently removed to Herkimer county. New 
York, locating on the site of the present town of Emmonsburg. which 
was named after him. Here he bought a tannery, which for thirteen 
years he conducted in connection with other New York parties. In 1870 



i68 WEST VIRGINIA 

he came to West Virginia, and became associated with the late Colhs P. 
Huntington in the building of the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad, acting as 
construction agent for the western extension of the road from White 
Sulphur Springs to the Ohio river, and as agent for a syndicate of New 
York capitalists. He selected the site and was the founder of the pres- 
ent city of Huntington, buying twenty farms in Cabell county, consisting 
of about five thousand acres. A year later the capitalists organized them- 
selves into the Central Land Company of West Virginia, and Mr. Em- 
mons was elected general superintendent. He retained this position for 
eighteen years, resigning in 1888. During the period of Mr. Emmons' 
residence in Huntington, which lasted for the remainder of his life, he 
was prominently identified with its material prosperity and was deeply 
interested in its progress and various activities. He was a director in 
the First National Bank, the Bank of Huntington, the Electric Light & 
Street Railroad Company, and the Ensign Manufacturing Company. He 
was president of the Fitzgerald Prepared Plaster Company, and helped 
to organize the Huntington Illuminating & Fuel Gas Company. He was 
also one of the first councilmen of his adopted city. Mr. Emmons was 
very prominent in Masonic circles, and was a thirty-third degree Mason. 
He was raised to the degree of Master Mason in Little Falls Lodge, No. 
181, in Little Falls, New York; and to that of Royal Arch Mason in 
Guyandotte Chapter, No. 10, Guyandotte, West Virginia. On August 9, 
1886, he was created Knight Templar and Knight of Malta, in Hunting- 
ton Commandery, No. 9, Huntington, West Virginia ; and in May 1887, 
he was elected eminent grand treasurer of the Grand Commandery. His 
death occurred on April 19, 1905. In 1851, Mr. Emmons married Mary 
J., daughter of William Stoddard, of West Cornwall, Connecticut. They 
"had five children: Arthur S. : Collis H. ; Carlton D., of whom further; 
L Alden, and Elizabeth S. 

(IV) Carlton D., son of Delos White and Mary J. (Stoddard) Em- 
mons, was born at Oneonta, New York, in the year 1858. He came to 
Huntington in 1870, at the age of thirteen years, and attended what is 
now Marshall College for four years. He then went to a literary in- 
stitute in New York state. Upon reaching maturity he entered the office 
of the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad at Huntington, remaining there for 
six years. He then purchased an interest in the firm of C. F. Parsons & 
Son, dealers in hardware, which firm later became known as Parsons & 
Emmons ; the style was subsequently changed to Emmons & Marr, 
and still later became known as Emmons, Hawkins & Company. In 
1899 the business was finally incorporated under the firm name of the 
Emmons-Hawkins Hardware Company, doing the same business and at 
the same offices. Since this time the company has greatly prospered and 
handles a large and ever increasing trade, all of the members of the firm 
being progressive and public spirited men. Mr. Emmons is a Democrat 
in his political opinions, and he and his family are attendants of the 
Episcopal church. He is a very popular man socially, being a member of 
the Guyandotte Club, and prominent as a Mason and Shriner, also belong- 
ing to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Order of Elks. 

His wife was Minnie Gibson, born in Westfield, Chautauqua county, 
New York. They have four children, all born in Himtington : i. Bessie 
married C. M. Gohen. 2. Delos C, a graduate of West Point, and a 
lieutenant in the Ignited States armv. 3. Marian. 4. Howard. 



WEST VIRGINIA 169 

The Graham family was founded in America by Hum- 

GRAHAM phrey Graham, born in Scotland or the north of Ireland, 

where he grew to maturity, and whence he immigrated 

to America in the colonial epoch of our national history. He settled on 

a farm in Pennsylvania and there resided during the remainder of his 

life. He married, and among his children was John, of whom further. 

(II) John, son of Humphrey Graham, was born in Pennsylvania in 
the eighteenth century. Pie was a farmer by occupation, and prominent 
in the public affairs of his home community. He married Elizabeth 
Buchannan, and they were both devout members of the Presbyterian 
church. Children : jNIary ; Jane ; Frank ; James ; William T., of whom 
further. 

(III) William T., son of John and Elizabeth (Buchannan) Graham, 
was born in Mercer county, Pennsylvania, in 1825, died in 1891. He 
was a contractor and builder, and decidedly successful in all his business 
enterprises. His wife, whose maiden name was Lucy A. Rodgers, was 
born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, in 1830, daughter of John and 
Lucy Ann Rodgers, her father being a son of James Rodgers, and her 
mother a daughter of John Allison. James Rodgers and John Allison 
were both gallant soldiers in the war of the revolution. Mr. and Mrs. 
William T. Graham were married in 1849. They were both devout com- 
municants of the Protestant Episcopal church. Mrs. Graham died in 
1895. Children: Hiram R. ; Elizabeth J.: William B. ; Gertrude D, ; 
John T., of whom further. 

(IV) John T. (christened Jonathan T. ), son of William T. and Lucy 
.A.. (Rodgers) Graham, was born at Oil City, \'enango county, Pennsyl- 
vania, December 11, 1865. He was educated in the public schools of 
his native place and also received instniction in the normal schools and 
under private tutors. In early manhood he decided upon law as his life 
work and accordingly began the study of that profession in the law- 
office of H. C. Graham, in Oil City, Venango county. He was admitted 
to the Pennsylvania state bar in Venango county in 1891, and immedi- 
ately thereafter located in Wayne county. West Virginia, where he was 
engaged in the general practice of law until 1900. He then came to 
Huntington, where he has since resided and where he controlled a large 
and lucrative law practice up to 1912, when he was elected judge of the 
sixth judicial circuit. In politics he is a Republican. In 1894 he was 
elected to fill the office of prosecuting attorney of Wayne county, that 
office having been vacated by the death of the former incumbent. Mr. 
Graham has gained success and prestige through his own endeavors, and 
thus the more honor is due him for his earnest labors in his exact'- 
profession and for the precedence he has gained in hi'; chosen vocation. 
^W. Graham i? financiallv interested in the .^merican Bank & Trust Com- 
pany and the American National Bank at Huntington, in both of which 
important institutions he is a member of the board of directors. He 
^vns at one time president of the former concern, but withdrew from 
that office in TO08. In a fraternal way he is a valued and appreciative 
member of the time-honored ]\Tasonic order and of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. While not formally connected with any re- 
lieious organization. Mr. Graham attends and gives his support to the 
I\Tethodist Episcopal church, of which his wife and son arc most zealous 
members. 

In 1895, ^'^^- Hraham married ]\Tarv L. Chapman, born in Kentucky, 
daughter of the Inte Rev. John R. Chapman. Mr. and TMrs. Graham 
have one son : William Carl, born at Huntington, West '\''irginia. Febni- 
arv 6. T90T. 



I/O WEST MRGIXIA 

The surname Love is derived, according to the best authority 
LO\'E on British surnames, not from love, but from the word loup 
(wolf), and appears in the Hundred Rolls, evidently having 
been a surname from about A. D. 1200. From Loupell is derived Lovell 
in a similar way. A very ancient Love coat-of-arms is described: Azure 
a lion rampant argent. Crest : A hand holding an annulet proper. Vari- 
ous other coats-of-arms of the Love family are described by Burke. 
The principal seats of this family in England are at Basing. Hampshire ; 
Norton and Goadhurst, Hampshire and O.xfordshire : Sevenoaks, county 
Kent ; Kirksted, county Norfolk, and at Agnow, county Northampton. 

The first American immigrant of the name was in Boston in 1633, 
but he appears to have left soon. It is not kiiown whether he went back 
to England or not, but there is evidence that he left descendants in Bos- 
ton. Thomas Love, of Boston, married, September 23, 1752, Hannah 
Thurston. John Love, of Boston, died in 1714; another John Love died 
there in 1756, and a ]\Iargaret Love in 1759. Wichie Love died in Bos- 
ton in 1724, and his son, Oilliam Richie, of Ritchie, had a guardian ap- 
pointed in 1730 and died in 1758. Robert Love, of Boston, died in 1777. 
Hezekiah Love, of Taunton, was a juror in the county court at Plymouth 
in 1650, but no descendants are known. 

Before the revolution two of the Boston Love family moved to Meck- 
lenburg county, A'irginia. The date is given in some records as 1674. If 
this date is correct they were probably sons of the first settler, but possibly 
grandsons. The names are not known, however. 

(II) Charles Love, a descendant of the Boston Love family, was 
born in Mecklenburg county, Mrginia, probably as early as 1750. He 
married Susan Chiles, of Childs. With his two sons, William and Daniel 
and three daughters, he removed to Kanawha county, Mrginia, now in 
West A'irginia, in 1805. In 1814 he and his two sons removed to Mud 
River valley, where they settled and lived the remainder of their lives. 
Children of Charles and Susan Love: Mrs. Rolfe, Mrs. Burton. Mrs. 
Hampton, Mrs. Shortridge, Charles, .^llen. \\'illiam. mentioned below; 
Daniel, married Cynthia Anna Chadwick. 

(III) William, son of Charles Love, was born in Mecklenburg coun- 
ty, Virginia, December 30, 1781. He married, June 16. 1803, Susan E. 
Brame, born in Alecklenburg county, March 2, 1785. Children: i. Mar- 
tha A., born May 24, 1804, died May 18, 1845, in Iowa: married, March 
19, 1822, Luke W. Bilkips. 2. Elizabeth L., born January 2, 1806: mar- 
ried, November 10, 1825, Martha Ellison. 3. Charles T.. born .\pril 26, 
1807. died May 18, 1854: married, February 23, 1841, Lucretia Jane 
Creath. 4. May I., born October 18, 1808, died February 4, 1896, in Illi- 
nois; married, March 18, 1828, Albert Eastham. 5. William A., men- 
tioned below. 6. Elisha. born December 22, 181 1, died May 9, 1847: 
married, October 27, 1831, B. A\'. Maupin. 7. Sophia P., born October 
16, 1813. died in Huntington, West \'irginia, March 9, 1895; married, 
December 22, 1836, Edmund C. Rece. 8. Lewis L., born July 25, 1815; 
married, August 9, 1838, Emily Eastham. g. Allen, born March 17, 1817, 
died June 3, 1849, unmarried. Three others died in infancy. 

(iV) William A., son of WiUiam Love, was born April 28, 1810, in 
A'irginia. He was educated in the common schools, and followed farm- 
ing all his life in Putnam county, Mrginia. He married (first) Alay 30, 
1832, Eliza Morris, wdio died February 3, 1838, daughter of John Mor- 
ris: he married (second) .\ugust 8, 1839, [Margaret Handley : marrie<l 
(third) December 6, 1842, Elizabeth Shelton. Children by first wife: i. 
Peter E.. mentioned below, 2. John W., a soldier in the federal army, 
killed in the civil war. Child by second wife: 3. ^Margaret, married 
Charles Shoemaker. Children by third wife: 4. Susan Virginia, mar- 



WEST VIRGINIA 171 

ried Samuel Moore. 5. Eliza, married John O. Morris. 6. Charles, died 
in infancy. 7. Daughter, died in infancy. 8. Daughter, died in infancy. 
9. Nancy, married Bales Kade. 10. Minnie, married Samuel Moore, he 
being the husband of her deceased sister, Susan V. 11. Marietta, married 
P. B. Reynolds. 

(V) Peter E., son of William A. Love, was born in Cabell county, 
Virginia, now in West \'irginia, June 13, 1833. He was a farmer in 
Cabell county during his active life. Died November 28, 1912, aged 
seventy-nine years, in Huntington, West Virginia. He married Ann A. 
Simmons, born near Milton, West Virginia, died December 18, 1910, 
aged seventy-seven years, daughter of William Simmons. Children, 
born in Cabell county, West Virginia: i. Charles A., married Edith 
Beniall. 2. John W., married Kate Jackson. 3. Cornwalsy, married 
Mamie Dundass. 4. James S., (deceased) ; married Agnes Sedinger. 5. 
Thomas L., deceased; married Catherine Heriford. 6. L. Lewis, M. D., 
married (first) Anna Love; (second) a Aliss Underwood. 7. Allen \'., 
married Lillian Tozier. 8. Henry Edward, mentioned below. 9. Mollie 
E., married W. G. Williams. 10. Annie E., married S. E. Reynolds. 

(VI) Henry Edward, son of Peter E. Love, was born near Bar- 
boursville, Cabell county. West Virginia, December 19, 1870. Lie re- 
received his early education in the public schools and afterward attended 
Barboursville College. After following fanning for a number of years, 
he was for a time a general merchant at Barboursville. In 1902 he came 
to Hunington and engaged in the livery stable business for about five years. 
He sold out to devote all his attention to the automobile business and 
since then he has had a large and flourishing trade. In 1905 he built 
his present garage, the first in Huntington. He is a dealer in all kinds 
of automobiles and conducts a general automobile business. He is one 
of the prominent merchants of the town. He is a member of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce of Huntington. In politics he is a Democrat. He is a 
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He and his 
family attend the Baptist church. Mr. Love married, October 23, 1893, 
Minnie F. McCommas. born near Barboursville, Cabell county. West 
Virginia, daughter of Jefiferson McCommas. Children, born in Cabell 
county: Paul E., Amelia A., Mildred Bess. Milton H. 



The Fitch family is of very old English stock. The name 
FITCH was spelled Fytche, Ffytche, Fytch, Ffytch, Ffitch and in 
various other ways in the early records. The German names 
Fichts, Ficht and Fecht are presumably of the same origin. One branch 
of the English family is traced to John Fitch whose son William was Vw- 
ing at Fitch Castle, parish Waddington, in the northwest part of county 
Essex in the year 1294. Various branches in England bore coats-of- 
arms. At Hudsell, county Essex, and Eltham andMt. Maseal, county 
Kent, the Fitch family bears : \^ert a chevron between three leopards' 
heads or. Crest : .\ leopard's head cabossed or in the mouth a sword 
proper hilt gules. 

At Windham, Walter, county Essex, the family bears the same arms 
with a bordure gules and this crest : A leopard passant proper sustain- 
ing an escutcheon vert charged with a leopard's head or. Another crest : 
Two swords in saltire gules enfiled with a leopard's head or. .^t Rams- 
den, county Essex : Same arms with bordure bezantee. 

.'\n old armorial of the family : Vert a chevron between three leop- 
ards' faces or. Crest : A leopard's face or pierced with a sword in bend 
sinister proper and pomel of the first. The family at Thnrpe Hall, 
countv Lincoln, a branch of the famih- of Danbui-\- Place and W'noi]- 



172 WEST VIRGINIA 

lawn, Walter, county Essex, bears same arms as the preceding. Crest: 
A leopard passant proper, holding an escutcheon vert charged with a 
leopard's face or. Motto : Spcs jurat. 

Several of the name came early to New England. Thomas Fitch was 
of the Fitch family of Essex, mentioned above, and inherited an estate 
at Braintree in that county. He married, August 8, 1611, Annie Pew 
or Pugh, and after he died she came to America where two sons were 
already located. Children: Thomas, settled at Norwalk, Connecticut, 
one of the wealthiest citizens, from whom in three generations each bear- 
ing the name of Thomas, descended Governor Thomas Fitch (governor 
1754-60) ; Joseph, settled in Norwalk, Northampton, Massachusetts, and 
Hartford and Windsor, Connecticut; James, born December 24, 1622, 
at Bocking, county Essex, England, pastor of the church at Saybrook 
and Norwich, Connecticut. 

Many other Fitch families, among them the branch for which the 
city of Fitchburg, Massachusetts, was named, are descended from 
Zachary Fitch, who came to Lynn, Massachusetts, in 1633, ^^i^ later 
settled at South Reading in that colony ; was deacon of the church in 
1645; selectman. Sons: Benjamin, Joseph, Samuel, Jeremiah, Thomas, 
John. 

According to family tradition tlie Kentucky family of Fitch is de- 
scended from the Connecticut or Massachusetts pioneers mentioned above. 
We are able to locate the family first in North Carolina in the Orange 
district of Orange county. In 1790 the first federal census shows just 
two Fitch families in the state, the heads of which were Thomas and 
^^'illiam. 

(I) James Fitch, son of ^^'illiam or Thomas Fitch, of Orange county. 
North Carolina, was one of the Kentucky pioneers. 

(II) Benjamin, son of James Fitch, was born in Kentucky, where he 
lived and died. During his active life he was a farmer. He married 
Olive Eurris, also a native of Kentucky. They had nine children : John 
L. ; Lace: Lemuel G., mentioned below; Martha; Rev. Joseph, presiding 
elder of the Methodist Episcopal church for many years in Kentucky : 
Malinda: ]\Iary ; Nancy; Elizabeth. 

(III) Lemuel G., son of Benjamin Fitch, was born in Kentucky, and 
is still living in Columbus, Ohio, a retired farmer. He married Anna 
Trumbo, born at Bath county, Kentucky, daughter of Jacob and Mary 
Thompson (Northcott) Trumbo. They had three children: i. Marvin 
Dulaney, M. D.. a physician in Columbus, Ohio; married Blanche Bunn, 
of Columbus, and has one child, Gertrude Elizabeth. 2. Sallie Trumbo, 
married ^lax Owens, now living in Portsmouth, Ohio, and had one child, 
Emma Helen Owens. 3. Dr. Frederick A., mentioned below. 

(IV) Dr. Frederick A. Fitch, son of Lemuel G. Fitch, was born in 
Kentucky, September 8, 1872. He received his early education at the 
Kentucky Wesleyan Academy at Winchester, Kentucky. He was a med- 
ical student at the George Washington University, Washington, D. C, 
and afterward an interne at the Emergency Hospital, Washington, D. C. 
In January, 1907, he began to practice at Huntington. West Virginia, as 
a physician and surgeon, and he has continued with flattering success to 
the present time. In 191 1 he was elected president of the Cabell County 
Medical Society and his service in that office increasing the membership 
and in administering its affairs was so satisfactory that he was given the 
unusual honor of a re-election in 1912. He is secretary of the Hunting- 
ton General Hospital, state medical examiner of the general office of the 
Royal Arcanum, member of the American Medical Association. He is 
also a member of Cabell Council, Royal .Arcanum, of which he has been 
regent, and of Huntington Lodge, No. 113, Benevolent and Protective 



WEST NIRGINIA 



[75 



Order of Elks. Before he entered upon his profession he worked for 
four 3'ears as a mail clerk on the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad, and while 
he was a student in Washington he was employed in the Bureau of En- 
graving and Printing, office of the custodian of the dies, rolls and pla'tes 
used in printing money. In politics he is an independent Republican. 

Dr. Fitch married, November 27, 1895, Bessie, daughter of ex-Con- 
gressman Samuel J. and Mary (Thomas) Pugh, granddaughter of Judge 
G. M. Thomas, who was also a congressman from Kentucky and a solici- 
tor of the internal revenue department during the administration of Pres- 
ident McKinley. He was appointed by President Garfield United States 
District Attorney without solicitation. Mrs. Fitch is a member of the 
Christian church. Children: i. Anita Morton, born in Kentucky, Octo 
ber 22, 1897. 2. Mary Anola, born in Kentucky, August 5, 1899. 3. 
Frederick Arthur Jr., born at Washington, D. C, July 27, 1906. 4. 
Genevieve Pugh, born at Huntington, \A'est Virginia, March 11, 1908. 



Davis Levi Barlow, of Huntington, president of the Ohio 
BARLOW Valley Printing and Stationery Company, has been for 
many years prominently identified with the educational 
and financial interests of West Virginia, and has also served his com- 
munity in the arena of politics. Mr. Barlow comes of old pioneer stock, 
his ancestors having been for a century and a half resident in Virginia. 

(I) Alexander Barlow came from England and settled in Bath coun- 
ty, Virginia. During the revolutionary war he enlisted in the Continental 
army and was never heard of after the battle of Brandywine, this fact 
giving rise to the opinion that he was one of those who fell in that! 
famous engagement. Alexander Barlow married, in England, Barbara 
Rowse, who accompanied him to this country and shared the vicissitudes 
of his lot. 

(H) John, only son of Alexander and Barbara (Rowse) Barlow, was 
born in Bath county, Virginia. He removed, when a young man, to Poca- 
hontas county, where he passed the remainder of his life. He purchased 
of Thomas Brock a piece of land on Red Lick mountain, which he paid 
for in venison at fifty cents a saddle. There the pioneer founded a home 
for himself and his descendants. He married, in 1806, Martha Waddell. 
Their sons were : William, Alexander, James, John, Nathan, Josiah, 
Henry, mentioned below, Amos, George, Andrew. Their daughters were : 
Elizabeth, who became the wife of the late William Baxter; Miriam, who 
became Mrs. Samuel Auldridge ; Mary Ann, who married James Auld- 
ridge ; Ellen, who died at the age of four years ; and an unnamed daugh- 
ter who died in infancy. John Barlow, the father, died in 1866, on the 
homestead, leaving to his children not worldly possessions alone, but the 
richer legacy of an unstained name. 

(HI) Henry, the seventh son of John and Martha f Waddell) Bar- 
low, was born February 21, 1827, on the homestead. For forty years 
he was a member of the firm of Barlow & Moore, at Edray, West 
Virginia. This house is still in existence, the name remaining unchanged. 
While carrying on merchantile business Mr. Barlow operated largely as 
a farmer and grazier, ablv and industriously assisted by his sons. Long 
before a bank was considered feasible for Pocohontas county he vir- 
tually performed the services of a banker, and when banks were at last 
organized he was among the first directors. He was an enthusiast in the 
cause of public schools and served for years on the Edray board of 
education. For a long period he was an interested visitor of the Teach- 
ers' Institutes for Pocahontas county, and would make humorously char- 
actertistic remarks when speaking of his services as a "Member of the 



174 WEST \'IRGINIA 

Board of Ignorance." Mr. Barlow was for more than half a century a 
devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal church, exercising at the 
same time the greatest liberality of sentiment and action toward those 
of other denominations. Those who knew him intimately say that dur- 
ing his whole religious life he was never known to refuse aid to any 
Christian church in his neighborhood. It has also been said of him 
that "he was a man who always desired peace, and because he many 
times aided in making peace between others he was often called a peace- 
maker." 

Mr. Barlow married (first). January 30, 1855, Rachel Cameron, born 
June 2, 1836, daughter of Elliot Hickman, of Bath county, Virginia, and 
their children were : Rachel and Evaline, who died in childhood ; Alice, 
who married George K. Gay, of Buckhannon, West Virginia; and John 
Elliot, a merchant of Edray. Mrs. Barlow died in 1861, and Mr. Barlow 
married (secondj September 22, 1862, Nancy Jane Matilda, born Au- 
gust 19, 1841, in Pochahontas county, daughter of William and Matilda 
Cassell. By this marriage Mr. Barlow became the father of the fol- 
lowing children : Cammie ; Amos Neal ; William Anderson ; Regina 
Ruth, who married James N. White, of Bridgewater, Mrginia ; Davis 
Levi, mentioned below ; Page Dameron, a practising physician of Wheel- 
ing, West Virginia ; Asa Clark ; Effie Florence, who married Joel E. 
Peck; Albert Wickline, died at the age of five years; and an unnamed 
daughter who died in infancy. The mother of these children died June 
20, 1906. The death of Mr. Barlow occurred February 19, 1909, two 
days before the completion of his eighty-second year. One who knew 
him well wrote of him: "His life was pure. He spoke no evil word of 
any one ; always gentle, unobtrusive, kind and gracious, a gentleman 
without a blemish." 

(IV) Davis Levi, son of Henry and Nancy Jane Matilda (Cassell) 
Barlow, was born February 16, 1869, on the old Barlow homestead in 
Pocahontas county. West Virginia. He received his early education 
in the common schools of the neighborhood, afterward attending the 
normal school at Athens, West \'irginia, and graduating in 1891. He 
was then for twelve years a teacher in the schools of his native county, 
and during the latter half of this period held the office of county super- 
intendent of schools. After ceasing to act as an instructor he was for 
a short time engaged in farming and lumbering, and still maintains in- 
terests along both these lines. He is the owner of the old Barlow home- 
stead where his father and grandfather died and where the former was 
born, and is deeply attached to his ancestral acres, desiring that they 
should always remain in the possession of the family. In the autumn 
of 1910 l\Ir. Barlow came to Huntington, and in January. 191 1, he estab- 
lished his present business on Ninth street, having a fine store with the 
most complete and modern equipment, the printing department being in 
the basement. He is a stockholder in the Huntington Banking and Trust 
Company, and when he first came to Huntington was extensively inter- 
ested in real estate, now holding considerable property throughout the 
city. He is a member of the Order of Owls, a fraternal insurance or- 
ganization. Like his father, Mr. Barlow is an adherent of the Demo- 
cratic party, and in 1907 represented Pocahontas county in the house of 
representatives of West Virginia, being also elected for the special ses- 
sion of 1908. Mr. Barlow's record as an enlightened instructor, an able 
business man and a wise legislator is in all respects in accord with the 
traditions of an honorable ancestry. 

Mr. Barlow married, June t8, 1895, in Pocahontas county. West Vir- 
ginia. Lula F., born in that county, December ti, 1872, daughter of A. T. 




/x/a^'iS c\, AiPfiWcvyT: 



WEST \'IRGINIA 175 

and jMary C. (Gayj Moore. Airs. Moore died in June, H)0(<, aged si.xty- 
two, and her husband is now Hving on his farm at the age of seventy- 
eight. Mr. and Mrs. Barlow have no children. 



This family name was originally Rees and was brought to 
RECE America by David Rees. born about 1689 and coming from 

Montgomeryshire, Wales, near the English border, prior to 
1733. The earliest deed of which there is any record found of David 
Rees as a land owner, bears date of August 10, 1733, when he bought one 
hundred acres in Alston's branch in Little Creek Hundred, Delaware. 
He is known to have lived in Kent county, as did some of his sons. He 
figured in several land transactions, the last date being February 26, 
1752, when he deeded to his son John, one hundred and eighty-eight and 
a half acres. His purchase amounted to eight hundred and ten and a 
half acres of which over half were conveyed to sons Thomas and John. 
He died between the year 1752, the date of his last conveyance, and Feb- 
ruary 15, 1755, when his widow Mary Rees released her dower rights to 
sons, Thomas and John. Children: W^illiam, Jeremiah, Thomas, John, 
who were young men at the time of the family emigration. The presump- 
tion is strong that the Berks county, Pennsylvania, family was founded 
by a great-grandson of David Rees, the Welsh emigrant. The name is 
found in Pennsylvania spelled Rees, Reese and Rece ; the latter a more 
recent form, none of the earliest family using that form. The earliest 
record of this branch is of Allen Rece, of the fourth generation. 

(IV) Allen Rece was born in Berks county, Pennsylvania, 1759, died 
1837. He was a wagoner in the continental army and his wife drew a 
pension until her death. He settled at Bradford, Pennsylvania. He mar- 
ried, in 1780, Mary Clymer, born in Berks county, Pennsylvania, 1763, 
died 1858. Children: Joseph, born 1782, married Mary Harmon; Abia, 
of whom further: Sarah, born 1798, married Nathan Everett. In 1791, 
accompanied by wife and two sons, Allen Rece migrated to the Kanawha 
Valley, \''irginia, where his only daughter Sarah, was born in Teays Val- 
ley, where he settled in 1797. In 1803 he moved on a farm three and a 
half miles from Barboursville in Cabell county, now West \''irginia, 
where he died as did his eldest son Joseph. 

(V) Abia, second son of Allen Rece, was born in Bradford, Pennsyl- 
vania, February 15, 1784, died near Alilton, West \"irginia, 1878. He fol- 
lowed the family removals in X'irginia until manhood, then spent his lat- 
ter years on his farm near Milton. He married Elizabeth Harmon, sister 
of the wife of his brother. Joseph Rece. She was born 1785, died Febru- 
ary, 186 1. Children: i. Joseph, died in infancy. 2. Edmund C, of whom 
further. 3. Harvey, born November, 181 1: married Rebecca Snodgrass. 
4. John M., born October 16, 1813: married (first) Lucretia A. Love, 
who died 1847; married (second) Miriam Shelton, a sister of the third 
wife of William A. Love. 5. George W., born 1816, died in 1901 ; mar- 
ked Virginia Jordan, who died in 1903. 6. John C, born 1819. 7. War- 
ren P., born 1824: married (first) in 1846. Martha Simmon, who died in 
1848: married (second) Elizabeth Handley; married (third) Melvina 
Bonham. who survives him. 8. Joseph .A., born 1827, died in April, 
1903 : married Ann Wheeler, who survives him. Two other children died 
in infancy. 

(VI) Edmund C, second son of Abia and Elizabeth (Harmon) Rece, 
was born November 28, 1810, died near Milton, W'est \'irginia, July 16, 
1885. He learned the carpenter's trade, which he follewed all his life. 
He married. December 22, 1836, Sophia P. Love, born October 16, 1813, 
died at Huntington, West Virginia, Alarch 9, 1895. Children: i. Charles 



ijO WEST N'IRGIXIA 

A., of whom further. 2. Eugenia H., born 1841, died 1844. 3. Alice L., 
born May 24, 1845 ; married James A. Rece, her second cousin ; chil- 
dren : Clarence, born 1876, died July, 1901 ; Susan, born 1878, unmar- 
ried; Virginia, born 1881, married Lewis Mason. 4. T. Heber, born 
May 6, 1847, died May 30, 1887 ; he served in the Confederate army as 
a private in Company D Eighth Regiment, Virginia Cavalry ; he married 
Edna E. iMorris ; children: William L., born December, 1871, married 
Norma Keenan ; Edmond C, born 1873, married Kathlyn Ellis and has 
Ellis H., born June 25, 1900, and A. Louisa, born 1903 ; Ellen, born 1878, 
married W. W. Stevens ; John C, born 1880, married Mary Giddings, 
of Missouri, and has Helen; Clyde, born 1882, died 1887; Lena Mary, 
born 1884, unmarried; Ashby S., born 1876. 5. Edgar, born 1850, died 
in childhood. 6. William A., born 1853, died in infancy. 7. Virginia S., 
born July 9, i860, married William T. Gitt, who died in 1908. 

(VII) Charles A., eldest son of Edmund C. and Sophia P. (Love) 
Rece, was bom October 27, 1837. He was educated in the public schools 
of (now) Cabell county, West Virginia, and learned the carpenter's 
trade under the instruction of his father, with whom he worked until 
the outbreak of the civil war. When Virginia seceded from the Union 
he followed her fortunes, enlisted in 1862 in Company D, Eighth Regi- 
ment Virginia Cavalry, and served until the surrender at Appomattox, 
although at that time he was a paroled prisoner with exchange papers 
in his possession. He enlisted as a private and rose to the rank of first 
lieutenant. He surrendered at Christenburg, Virginia, and then soon 
afterward located in the state of Kentucky, where he engaged in the mill- 
ing business. In 1870 he moved to Missouri where he worked at carpen- 
tering and farming. In 1890 he came to Huntington, West Virginia, 
where he has since lived, engaged in building. He is a member of the 
Masonic Order and of the Society of Confederate Veterans. He is a 
Democrat in politics, and in religious faith a Baptist. He married Mary 
J. Pulley, born in Kentucky, May 8, 1841, died March 5, 1910, without 



The Tooley family is an old and honored one in Virginia 
TOOLEY and West Virginia. The original progenitor of the name 

in America came here in the eighteenth century, and dur- 
ing the long intervening years to the present time, in 1913, the successive 
generations have been most successfully engaged in agricultural pursuits, 
and several representatives of the name have achieved honor and distinc- 
tion in the various learned professions. 

(II) Charles (2), son of Charles (i) Tooley, was born in Virginia. 
He was reared on a farm and received his educational training in the 
schools of the locality and period. As a young man he settled in what is 
now Lincoln county. West Virginia, there engaging in farming opera- 
tions during the remainder of his lifetime. He married Bettie Mitchell, 
likewise a native of Virginia, and they became the parents of twelve 
children, whose names are here entered in their respective order of birth : 
Nancy, James, George W.. Samuel. Millie Ann, Elizabeth, Sallie, Oba- 
diah, (Tharles, mentioned below ; Polly, John and Mandv Jane. 

(III) Charles (3), son of Charles (2) and Bettie (Mitchell) Tooley, 
was born in Cabell county, Virginia, November 13, 1839, and died in 
Wayne county, West Virginia, July 22, 1898. He was engaged in farm- 
ing operations during the entire period of his active career and achieved 
unusual success as an agriculturist and stock-raiser. He married (first) 
Martha Massie. horn in Lawrence county, Ohio, in 1844, a daughter of 
Moses and Rebecca (Dillon) Massie; she died in Wayne county. West 
Virginia. He married (second) Melissa Hay. who was born in Vir- 



WEST \"IRGIN1A 177 

ginia, and who is now living in the slate of Washington. Children: Dr. 
George Washington, mentioned below ; Moses, deceased ; Laura ; Oba- 
diah; Squire; Aiasten M. Squire; William, deceased; Mary, deceased; 
James; Benjamin; Henry; Ida; and two other children who died in in- 
fancy. 

(IV'j Dr. George Washington Tooley, son of Charles {^) and Mar- 
tha (Massie) Tooley, was born in Cabell county, \irginia, now West 
Virginia, September 8, 1859. He passed his boyhood and youth on the old 
home farm, in the work and management of which he early began to 
assist his father. His preliminary educational discipline was obtained 
in the public schools of his native place and this training was later sup- 
plemented by a course of study in the Eclectic College, at Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin, in the medical department of which excellent institution he 
was graduated as a member of the class of 1896, duly receiving the de- 
gree of Doctor of Medicine. Subsequently he took a post-graduate 
course in the Kentucky School of Aledicine, at Louisville, Kentucky, in 
which he was graduated in 1900. 

Dr. Tooley initiated the active practice of his profession first at 
Tooley, and then at Queens Ridge and later at Dingess, West Vir- 
ginia. He was appointed in 1896 assistant surgeon for the Norfolk & 
Western Railroad Company, and he served in that capacity with the ut- 
most efficiency for three years and eight months. In 1903 he went to 
Logan county and for the ensuing two years practised at Logan Court 
House. On January i, 1905, he came to Huntington, West Virginia, 
where he has since maintained his home and where he controls a large 
and lucrative patronage. In connection with the work of his profession 
Dr. Tooley is a valued and appreciative member of the Cabell County 
Medical Society, the West Virginia State Medical Society and the Amer- 
ican Medical Association. He is a stalwart Democrat in politics and while 
a resident of Mingo county was chairman of the Democratic executive 
committee of the county from 1898 to 1900. He was also president of 
the Mingo county board of health for two years. 

In a fraternal way Dr. Tooley is affiliated with a number of important 
organizations in his home state. He is connected with Dunlow Lodge, 
No. 141, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of which he has passed all 
the official chairs and is past grand. In 1898 he joined the Encampment 
of the Odd Fellows at Wayne Court House, and in 1910 he was admit- 
ted to Huntington Encampment, No. 47. On November 13, 1894, he 
became a member of Pearl Castle. No. 19, Knights of the Golden Eagle, 
of Dingess, West Virginia, and in the following year he was made a mem- 
ber of the Grand Lodge of the State of that organization, being elected 
grand high priest of the state. In 1896 he was elected grand chief of the 
state of West Virginia in the Knights of the Golden Eagle. In 1901 he 
represented the Grand Lodge of the Golden Eagle of West Virginia in 
the Supreme Lodge which met at Youngstown, Ohio, that year. He was 
again elected in 1905 in the city of Parkersburg, West Virginia, as grand 
chief of the state, and in 1906 he became chairman of the Committee on 
Law, which latter position he still retains. He is affiliated with the Wood- 
men of the \\'orld, being a member of Reese Camp. No. 66. of Hunting- 
ton : and in the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks he is a member 
of Huntington Lodge. No. 313. He is likewise connected with Hunting- 
ton Lodge, No. 347. Loyal Order of Moose, of which he is secretary. 

Dr. Tooley has married three times. On February 21. 1877 he was 
united in marriage to Virginia Copley, a daughter of Josiah and SalHe 
(Marcum) Copley, and a native of Wayne county. West Virginia. By 
this union there were three children, whose names are here entered in 
their respective order of birth : Charles, William Thomas and John, the 



178 WEST \'IRGINIA 

last mentioned having died February 22, 1902, at the age of eighteen 
years. In 1892, in Wayne county, Dr. Tooley was married to Matilda 
Hunt. There were no children born to this marriage. In 1901 he mar- 
ried Florence Brumfield, a native of Lincoln county, West X'irginia, and 
daughter of Paris and Kizey ( Rainey ) Brumfield. 



This name is supposed to have taken its origin with 
FREEMAN some one who desired to indicate his position as a free 

man. xAt an early date one John le Freeman is found. 
The family is probably not of Norman origin. The name is found several 
times in old German chronicles and in the Scandinavian sagas. Distinct 
houses of this name in England and in Ireland have almost identical 
arms ; so that, though they are numerous, it is probable that they have 
a common origin. 

So far as the records show, the first person of this name in Virginia 
was a Captain Bridges Freeman, who was burgess from Pasbehaighs in 
1629-30, and held other offices. Bridges Freeman, justice in James City 
in 1680, was probably his son ; not all Virginian Freemans, however, are 
his descendants. \'irginia had at least two revolutionary soldiers of this 
name. Captain Samuel Freeman, of Richmond, Virginia, who lived from 
1795 to 1870, was a prominent citizen for many years. 

(I) Richard Valery Freeman, the first member of this family about 
whom we have definite information, was born at Richmond, Virginia, 
about 1857, died at Huntington, West Virginia, November zj, 1889. 
His father and mother both lived in Richmond. He was an engineer on 
the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad, and was killed by a wreck, two miles 
from Huntington. He married Maria Hagan, who now makes her home 
at Huntington. Children, all born at Huntington : Blanche, married 
James Alexander Pack, child, Richard Freeman, born at Huntington ; 
Charles Wilkerson, of whom further ; Annie \''. 

(II) Charles Wilkerson, son of Richard Valery and Maria ( Hagan _) 
Freeman, was born at Huntington, West Virginia, October i, 1887. His 
education was begun at Huntington, and he graduated from the Hunt- 
ington high school in 1905. He then attended the University of West 
Virginia, at Morgantown, and graduated from its law department in 
1909. In that year he was admitted to the bar, and in the same year he 
began to practice at Huntington. He is forging ahead in his profession 
and is a jiromising lawyer. He is a Democrat. 



This family traces its origin in this country to the state of 
POTTS Maryland, where Benjamin Potts, a farmer, was born in the 

latter part of the eighteenth century. He removed to \'ir- 
ginia about the beginning of the following century, or some little time 
previous, and continued his avocation of farming in the new surround- 
ings for the support of his growing family. He married Elizabeth Cleek ; 
children : John, Jacob, Mathias C, of whom further : Jonathan, Samuel, 
Elizabeth, child, whose name is not known. 

(II) Mathias C, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Cleek) Potts, was 
born March 6, 1806, in Virginia. He was a farmer all his life, being 
politically a member of the Democratic party. He became a leading man 
in the community, holding a prominent position for many years in the 
affairs of Randolph county. Virginia, now West \'irginia, and dying in 
the possession of the high esteem of his fellow citizens, in Huntington, 
in the year 1881. He married Rachel McCabe, born in Bath county, Vir- 
ginia, died in 1878 at die age of seventy years. Her parents were both 



WEST MRGIXIA 179 

natives of Ireland, having immigrated to tliis country and made their 
new home in Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Mathias C. Potts became the par- 
ents of six children : Benjamin FrankHn, Samuel Warwick, James New- 
ton, of whom further ; Lanty G., Eliza Jane, Mathias P. H. 

(Ill) James Newton, son of Mathias C. and Rachel (;McCabe) Potts, 
was born in Pocahontas county, Virginia, now West Mrginia, September 
14, 1838. When he was eight years of age his parents removed to Ran- 
dolph county and there he received his earliest education, remaining on 
the farm until he was twenty-three years of age. At the outbreak of the 
war between the states he enlisted in the Eighteenth Virginia Cavalry, 
Company G, of the Confederate troops, as a lieutenant, becoming adju- 
tant of his regiment and serving for four years. At the close of the war 
he settled in the town of Huntersville where he engaged in mercantile 
pursuits, and later removed to Williamsville, Virginia, following the same 
line of business. On October i, 1871, he came to Huntington, West \"ir- 
ginia, conducting a grocery business here for some years ; he then en- 
gaged in real estate and insurance, in which line he has met with much 
success, and has become one of the most prominent citizens of the town. 
In politics Ml. Potts is a member of the Democratic party, and has been 
very active in the ])ublic affairs of Huntington. He has often been a mem- 
ber of the city council, having been for four years city clerk, and for two 
years a judge of the police court. 

He is a member of Camp Garnet, the Confederate A^eteran x-\ssocia- 
tion, and is adjutant of the camp; also adjutant of Second Regiment 
United Confederate Veterans, of which Wayne Ferguson is command- 
ant. ?ilr. Potts is a very prominent member of the Fifth Avenue Baptist 
Church of Huntington; he was one of the thirteen charter members when 
the church was organized in 1877, only four of these charter members 
being still alive, three of them being members of his family. He is now 
senior deacon of this church, his wife and family all being members, and 
for seventeen years successively he has been superintendent of the Sun- 
day school. He is also president of the Guyandotte Baptist Sunday 
school convention which responsible post he has held for the last thirty- 
two years, and for the past fifteen years he has been elected moderator 
of the Guyandotte District Baptist Association. 

Mr. Potts married Margaret Stewart, a native of Cedar Grove, Rock- 
bridge county, \'irginia, daughter of Harry and \'irginia (Collins) Stew- 
art. She is a consistent member of the Fifth Avenue Baptist Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Potts have two children: i. Harry Stewart, married Etta 
Eversole and has two children : Helen Margaret and Rachel Virginia. 2. 
Margaret, married Rudd Taylor Neal and has one child, ^Margaret Stew- 
art. 



Charles L. Brown, of Ravenswood, West Virginia, is de- 
BROWN scended from pioneer stock. His great-grandfather, Wil- 
liam Brown, a native of Marjdand, having married Pa- 
tience Marvel, of Delaware, settled in the Ohio Valley in the year 1773. 
In .\pril, 1776, alarmed for the safety of his family, in that exposed 
country where the savages were being incited by emissaries of Great 
Britain to wage a war of extermination against white settlers, he left 
his cabin in the wilderness and returned with his family to Delaware; 
entered the Continental army and served during the war for indepen- 
dence, and in 1785 returned to Western Virginia and settled in what is 
now Brooke county, and where he was a prominent man ; served as a 
member of the county court, was the sheriff of the county, and for many 
years was a member of the legislature. 



i8o WEST VIRGINIA 

(II) It was in Virginia that Joseph Brown, son of WiUiam Brown, 
was born (in 1792) and reared. He married Rachel Hood, a native of 
Baltimore county, Maryland, and like his father chose the occupation of 
farming, and lived a long, honorable and useful life, and died as he had 
lived, triumphing in the glad promises of the Christian's faith, in July, 
1882, having passed the ninetieth year of his age. He is buried beside his 
wife, who with him for sixty years had adorned the divine doctrines of 
the Master within the folds of the Methodist Episcopal church. They 
reared and educated a family of nine sons and one daughter, all of whom 
they lived to see happily married and settled in life, except their third 
son, James Marvel Brown, who gave up his life at the age of nineteen 
years in defense of the honor of his country, in her war with Mexico, 
in 1847. 

(Ill J Judge Robert S. Brown, son of Joseph Brown, was born April 
6, 1828. He was brought up on the farm, and early inured to the toils and 
hardships that attend this honorable but arduous vocation. He attended 
in winter such schools as the country then afforded; he was fond of 
reading, and devoted the moments of leisure spared from labor to the per- 
usal of such books as his father's ample library afforded. The develop- 
ment of this inclination of mind being observed by his parents, induced 
them to aid him with the means of obtaining a classical education, and 
he entered Bethany College, Brooke county, Virginia, in 1845 ; he chose 
the profession of law, and commenced its practice at Elizabeth, Wirt 
county, Virginia, in April, 1849. He soon secured a liberal and lucra- 
tive practice ; was elected prosecuting attorney, and re-elected to that 
office both in Wirt and Roane counties until he went on the bench as 
judge of the circuit in which he resided. 

Prior to the war, like his ancestors, he was a Democrat, and voted 
for John C. Breckenridge for president, in i860; but when Mr. Lincoln 
was elected, actuated by those high qualities of patriotism and sound com- 
monsense, for which he was at all times noted, he at once declared his 
fixed purpose to support the administration of the president constitu- 
tionally elected, and opposed those who made the great tragic effort 
to break up our national unity. He was an early and active advocate, 
and liberal promoter of the counter revolution set on foot by the loyal- 
ists of Western Virginia at Wheeling, which resulted in the formation 
of the new state of West Virginia, and it is confidently believed and as- 
serted that no man contributed more of his time, talents or means to 
achieve that happy result for the people of his state than did Robert S. 
Brown. 

In 1864 Mr. Brown was chosen elector for the third congressional 
district of his state, and cast his vote for the re-election of President 
Lincoln; in May, 1868, he sat as a delegate in the Chicago convention, 
served on the committee on resolutions that prepared the party platfonn 
on which General Grant was nominated, and as elector-at-large, with 
Hon. A. W. Campbell, of Wheeling, canvassed and carried his state for 
the Republican ticket. On the first day of January, i8fr), he went on the 
bench as judge of the tenth judicial circuit of West A'irginia. composed 
of the counties of Jackson, Roane, Calhoun and Gilmer, to which office 
he had been elected with unusual unanimity, for the term of six years. 
He brought to the judicial office the same intelligent zeal and industry 
that had always characterized liis conduct of other affairs, and was uni- 
versally regarded as a most able, learned and impartial judge. Declin- 
ing a re-election, his voluntary retirement was marked by meetings of 
the bar and people in every county of his circuit, who in their published 
resolutions declared their respect and esteem for him as a man, confi- 
dence in him as an able, honest and upright judge, and regret at his re- 




.i^ckk-J?^^!^ 




~^^ ^^ ^i.--^^-'^lc7 <==^ . (:yC^^^<2^-^:?^T^,c/-~'-^ 



WEST VIRGINIA iSi 

tirement from office. In 1878 Judge Brown was elected to the state sen- 
ate by an overwhelming majority, and served therein four years. His 
standing in that body may be inferred from the following editorial no- 
tice in a leading newspaper in his state, in January, 1879: 

"Judge Brown is a man of strong character, and as a born leader has spent a 
life of public service ; he stands confessedly forward in the body of which he is now 
a member. His character and ability mark him out as a prominent man. He is 
upon many of the important committees, and his dictum is always listened to with 
interest. He has retired from active practice of the law, and devotes his time when 
at home to his large property interests ; his home farm at Ravenswood is one of the 
largest and finest on the Ohio river." 

Before the war the Odd Fellows' Lodges in Western Virginia be- 
longed to the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Virginia, and on the re- 
turn of peace the Grand Lodge of West Virginia was organized, and 
Judge Brown joined Ravenswood Lodge, No. 15, in 1865; he passed its 
several chairs, and in 1877 represented it in the State Grand Lodge ; was 
successively elected grand warden, deputy grand master, and grand mas- 
ter ; and in October, 1881, was elected one of its representatives to the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge for the term of two years; met with that august 
body in Baltimore, and in Providence, Rhode Island, at the session of 
1883. 

He was united in marriage, October 2, 1849, with Anna H., eldest 
daughter of Ephraim Wells, Esq., a prominent and wealthy citizen of 
Jackson county, Virginia, who served the public as presiding justice of 
the county court of Jackson county for two terms, and filled with credit 
many other positions of honor and trust. Mr. Wells, in 1835, had bought 
(at five dollars per acre) from Dr. Peter, (husband of Martha Custis) a 
devisee of George Washington, a large tract of land on the Ohio river 
adjoining the town of Ravenswood, and moved on it from Brooke coun- 
ty, in March, 1836. It was then all in woods, as was in fact at that time 
nearly all the land in Jackson county. This land had been patented to 
George Washington by King George III. in 1772. Mr. Wells had in years 
of great labor and perseverance cleared out and improved a large part of 
this land, and in R'larch, 1866, sold it to Judge Brown for one hundred 
dollars per acre for the whole tract, which shows the great rise in the 
price of land in that section. Mr. and Mrs. Brown were the parents of 
the following children still living: William J., Ephraim W. and Charles 
L., of whom the two former are farmers. 

(IV) Hon. Charles L. Brown, youngest son of Judge Robert S. and 
Anna H. (Wells) Brown, was born in Elizabeth, Wirt county, A'irginia, 
June 20, 1859. He was graduated from Bethany College on his nine- 
teenth birthday, June 20, 1878. On November 5, 1879, he represented the 
alumni of the Neotrophian Society of that college at the anniversary cele- 
bration, having been elected as the alternate of Hon. John C. New, of 
Indiana. After reading law for a year in his father's office, Mr. Brown 
attended law lectures at the University of Virginia, and was admitted to 
the bar, February 26, 1880, and entered upon practice in the various 
courts of Jackson and adjoining counties, and the West Virginia supreme 
court of appeals. Some years ago he relinquished the active practice of his 
profession, since which time his counsel has been largely demanded by 
important industrial and financial interests. A Democrat in politics, in 
August, 1882, he was nominated a candidate for the West Virginia 
house of delegates by his party convention of Jackson county, and at the 
October election defeated the Republican candidate, running ahead of 
his ticket, and receiving more votes than any candidate in the county at 
that election. In the ensuing session he served as chairman of the com- 
mittee on federal relations, and as a member of the committees on the 



lS_' WEST X'lRGIXIA 

judiciary, of counties, and of municipal corporations, his being called to 
such important duties being eloquent attestation of his ability, such as is 
rarely bestowed by legislative assemblies upon one so young (then only 
twenty-three years of age), and during his first experience among law- 
makers. The house journal with its record of his bills introduced and 
enacted into laws, as well as his extensive committee work, show that 
this confidence was in no way misplaced. In 1884 he was elected state 
senator and served four years with usefulness and distinction. Mr. 
Brown is a member of Ravenswood Lodge, No. 15, Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. 

Mr. Brown married, November 20, 1884, Frances, daughter of Hon. 
Campbell Tarr, a distinguished citizen of Brooke county. To them has 
been born a daughter, Helen M., now wife of Fred H. Fowler, of Balti- 
more, Maryland, and of which marriage has been born a daughter, Eliza- 
beth, Mr. and Mrs, Brown are members of the Presbyterian church. 
The family home is near Ravenswood, Jackson county. West \^irginia ; it 
was formerly owned by his father, and is^ on part of the General Wash- 
ington lands. Mr, Brown is a prominent and successful farmer as well 
as a capable lawyer. 



A member of the bar whose reputation belongs not to 
PRICKETT his own town and county alone but extends through- 
out his entire section of the state is Nathaniel Camden 
I'rickctt, of Ravenswood. Mr. Prickett numbers among his ancestors 
some of those sturdy pioneers to whose courage and endurance later gen- 
erations are so greatly indebted. 

(I) John Titchnel Prickett, father of Nathaniel Camden Prickett, was 
born February 15, 1812. He was a farmer in Marion county, Virginia. At 
the breaking out of the civil war he was appointed assessor of his county. 
He married Susanna M. Morgan, born March 6, 1814, and was a direct 
descendant of David Morgan, of Wetzel county, Virginia. In the old fam- 
ily Bib!e now in the possession of Mr. Prickett is the following entry of 
the marriage of his father and mother: "John T. Prickett, of Monon- 
galia county, Virginia, and Susanna M, ^Morgan, of Tyler county, Vir- 
ginia, on 14th day of October, 1834, at Uriah Morgan's house, by James 
S. West." Mr. and Mrs. Prickett were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : I. Edwin M., born July 23, 1835. 2, Sanford H., born December 
27, 1839, died June 8, 1885. 3. Charles F., born January 25, 1844; 
served in Confederate army under Jenkins" command, and later edited 
the Mountaineer, he died in June, 1909. 4. Isaiah T., born February 6, 
1847. 5, Nathaniel Camden, mentioned below. 6. Isabel Anne, born 
August 29, 1855. John Titchnel Prickett, the father, died September 20, 
1897, and the mother survived him but a few months, passing away Jan- 
uary 27, 1898. 

(II) Nathaniel Camden, son of John Titchnel and Susanna M. (Mor- 
gan) Prickett, was born April 30, 1853, in Marion county, Virginia. He 
received his early education in the public and high schools of Jackson 
county, afterward entering the West A'irginia University, where he com- 
pleted his course in 1875. His professional training was received in the 
office of Judge Alpheus Haymond during the years 1876-77. In the lat- 
ter year he was admitted to the bar, after which he at once removed to 
Ravenswood, opened an office and entered upon the active practice of his 
profession. Throughout his entire career, thus far, he has practised con- 
tinuously in this town, acquiring a large clientele and building up an en- 
viable reputation as a learned cotmsellor and astute practitioner. For 
many years Mr. Prickett was attorney for the town of Ravenswood, and 



WEST \'1RGIXIA 183 

in 1879 he held the office of deputy county assessor. Since n)o~, he has 
been attorney for the Baltimore & Ohio railroad. He was at one time 
state fish commissioner, an office which has since been abolished. In the 
fall election of 1912 Mr. Prickett was elected prosecuting attorney of 
Jackson county. West Virginia, on the Democratic ticket in the face of a 
strong Republican opposition. Mr. Prickett has always taken an active 
interest in the welfare and improvement of his home town, and every 
project tending, in his judgment, to the promotion of that end has not 
failed to receive his hearty co-operation. His professional career has thus 
far covered a period of more than three decades and is coeval with his 
residence in Ravenswood. His record shows that both as a lawyer and a 
citizen he has steadily and consistently furthered the advancement of her 
best interests. 

3ilr. Prickett is a member of the State Bar Association, and affiliates 
with Ashton Blue Lodge, No. 12, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, in 
which he has held all the offices. In 1908-09 he was grand chancellor of 
the Knights of Pythias, and he has held all the offices in the local lodge 
(if the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His standing in his fraternal 
as well as in his professional relations is deservedly high. 

:\Ir. Prickett married, March 29, 1878, Ruth E., daughter of Captain 
Jiihn Johnson, of Sandyville, West A'irginia. The home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Prickett contains a number of interesting heirlooms, among them a 
powder-horn made from a bullock's born, and owned and used by Levi 
Morgan, brother of Zackwell and David ^Morgan. A lineal descendant of 
the last-named of this trio of bold frontiersmen. ]\Ir. Prickett cherishes 
with just pride every relic of their adventurous lives, which have yielded 
results so greatly to the benefit of future generations. 



Charles Leon Mcintosh, president of the Bank of 
McIXTOSH Ravenswoiid, is a member of the famous clan ]\Icin- 
tosh, a sept of the clan Chattan. Tradition tells us that 
the Macintoshes descend fi^m two brothers, ]\luirach yihor and Dhai 
Dhu, sons of Gillicattan }ilhor, chief of the Confederation. Dhai Dhu left 
issue who are represented by Davidson of Invernahaven. They are the 
clan Kay of Sir Walter Scott and Inch of Perth. The chiefs of the Mac- 
intoshes have, beyond question, maintained their supremacy for nearly 
five hundred years. Moy is said to have come into possession of William, 
seventh ^Macintosh of that ilk, in 1336, as a gift from David, Bishop of 
Murray. 

James the First appointed Macintosh of that ilk captain of the castle 
of Inverness, after the battle of Harlaw, in 141 1. In 1526 Lachlan, the 
i^aird of [Macintosh, was slain by James Malcolmson, who with his fol- 
lowers fled to an isle in the lake of Rothiemwichus, but were apprehended 
by the Macintosh kindred and were all cut to pieces. In the geography of 
the clans. 1873, Lachlan [Macintosh is noted as having been, in 1587, "Cap- 
tain of the Clan Chattan." In 1624 the [Machintoshes to the number of 
five hundred attacked the Earl of Murray's people, and captured his house 
of Pettie, now the castle of Stuart. 

Lachlan Macintosh, who died in 1704, was succeeded by his son 
Lachlan, who died without issue in 1731. He was succeeded by his kins- 
man. William [Macintosh, of Daviol, who also died without issue, in 1741, 
and was succeeded by his brother, Aeneas, created a baronet by King 
George the Third. The baronet dying without issue, the chieftainship de- 
volved on his kinsman, the Hon. Angus iMacintosh, resident in Canada. 
He died in 1833 and was succeeded by his son Alexander, who died in 
1861, and was father of Alexander, who died in 1876. and of Alfred, at 



i84 WEST MRGIXIA 

present "The Macintosh." The Hue of descent of Charles Leon Mcin- 
tosh, of Ravenswood, is traced from Sir Angus Mcintosh (or Macin- 
tosh), who had three sons: Alexander, Angus, and John, mentioned be- 
low. 

(II) John, son of Sir Angus Mcintosh, was born in Scotland. Sep- 
tember 5] 1812. In early manhood he emigrated to Canada whence he 
came to Virginia. He served in the Alexican war and in the Confederate 
army, and was a Democrat in politics. He married Catharine Keeney, 
by whom he became the father of a son and a daughter: John Angus, 
mentioned below : Selinda, who became the wife of Colonel Charles Har- 
pold, of the Federal army and died in 1892. Mr. Mcintosh died in ]\Iay, 
1889, and his widow passed away January i, 1894. 

(III) John Angus, son of John and Catharine (Keeney) Mcintosh, 
was born m 1844. near Ripley, Jackson county, Virginia (now West Vir- 
ginia). In his youth he served" under "Stonewall" Jackson, in the Con- 
federate army, and was among those who did not lay down their arms 
until the close of the four years' conflict. He was once captured, but at a 
time when all the consumptives in the prison were allowed their freedom 
he, wrapped in a blanket, took his place with the others and thus escaped, 
making the best of his way to the Confederate lines. In 1869 he engaged 
in the hardware business in which he was very successful. His political 
principles were those of the Democratic party, and he was appointed by 
the late Governor ]\lcCorkle president of the penitentiary. His home, 
after the war, was in Jackson county and few men have exercised a wid- 
er or more beneficial influence. His intellect was of a high order and by 
diligent study he became a brilliant scholar. He was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, at Ravenswood, and for twenty-five 
years served as president of the West Virginia Conference for Foreign 
Missions. He was one of the five original charter members of the Bank 
of Ravenswood and served as its vice-president and president for about 
fifteen years. Mr. Mcintosh married Ella D. Smith, and the following 
children were born to them: Mary; Alice, deceased: Frederick Freling- 
huysen: Charles Leon, mentioned below. The death of ~Sh. Mcintosh, 
which occurred April 5, 1906, deprived the community of one who for his 
benevolence, kindness of heart and consistent Christian life, had been 
most sincerely loved and highly respected by his neighbors and fellow 
citizens. Mrs. Mcintosh, mother of Charles Leon ]\IcIntosh, took an ac- 
tive part in the cause of temperance and she served with distinction fif- 
teen years as vice-president of the West Virginia \A'omen's Christian 
Temperance Union. 

(IV) Charles Leon, son of John Angus and Ella D. (Smith) Mcin- 
tosh, was born December 25, 1876, at Ravenswood, West Virginia. He 
received his early education in the public schools of his native town, after- 
ward entering West Virginia LTniversity from which he graduated in 
1899 with the degree of Doctor of Laws. He was engaged in the hard- 
ware business until 1907, and in 1908 was elected to the presidency of 
the Bank of Ravenswood. He adheres, as did his father and grandfather, 
to the Democratic party. As business man, financier and citizen, Mr. 
Mcintosh has worthily supplemented the records of his father and grand- 
father, maintaining, as they did, the noble traditions of their illustrious 
race. 

Mr. Mcintosh married. June 18, 1907, Mary A'irginia McLane, whose 
ancestral record is appended to this sketch, and they are the parents of 
the following children : Charles J. : Margaret Ellen : Josephine : Jean ; 
Charles Leon, junior. 



WEST VIRGINIA 185 

(The McLane Line). 

(I) Joseph Alan McLean, grandfather of Mrs. Mary Virginia (Mc- 
Lane) Mcintosh, was born Marcli 26, 1820, and married, in 1841, ]\iary, 
born October, 1823, daughter of William and Mary Ann f McLure') 
Lazur (see iMcLure), the former born 1797, died 1872. Mr. IMcLean 
died January 15, 1894, surviving his wife many years, her death hav- 
ing occurred November 23, 1850. 

(II) Charles Henry McLane, son of Joseph Alan and Mary (Lazur) 
McLean, was born September 2, 1843, ^"d married, August 22, 1868, 
Mary Kelly, born December 26, 1847. He changed the name to Mc- 
Lane. 

(Ill) Mary Virginia, daughter of Charles Henry and Mary (Kelly) 
McLane, was born in Cassville, Monongalia county, West Virginia, and 
became the wife of Charles Leon ]\IcIntosh, as mentioned above. 

(The TvIcLure Line). 

(I) Andrew McLure, founder of the West Virginia branch of the 
family, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, and about the middle of the 
eighteenth century emigrated to the American colonies. 

(II) Lieutenant Abdiel McLure, son of Andrew McLure, was born 
June 8, 1 75 1, in Cumberland county, and was first lieutenant in the 
Pennsylvania Flying Camp, commanded by Captain James AlcConnell 
and Colonel Frederick Watt. Lieutenant McLure enlisted and soon after 
was captured at Fort Washington. He was removed to Long Island 
on one of the prison ships, where he remained until he was exchanged. 
Lieutenant McLure married I\Iary Cummins, who was born September 6, 
1747, ^t Belfast, Ireland ; his death occured in 1828, at Wheeling, Virginia. 

(III) Andrew (2), son of Lieutenant Abdiel and Mary (Cummins) 
McLure, was born August 8, 1775 ; married, April 17, 1797, !Mary 
Foreman, born October 9, 1777, died September 21, 1852, Andrew (2) 
McLure died November 3, 1840. 

(IV) Mary Ann, daughter of Andrew (2) and Mary (Foreman) 
McLure, was born April 5, 1800, and was married, in 1822, to William 
Lazur, as mentioned above fsee McLane line), ^frs. Lazur died in 
1867. 



This is an old colonial family, the ancestry being trace- 
WILSON able to Miles Standish, the Puritan captain of the Ply- 
mouth settlement in 1620, the stalwart old pilgrim well 
known to every generation since those perilous times, partly because 
of his military prominence which was the first in New England, and 
partly, in the present generation, because of Longfellow's immortal poem, 
"The Courtship of Miles Standish." The worthy Puritan captain was 
twice married; his first wife. Rose Standish, who came over with him 
in the "Mayflower," died in the early days of the colony; before 1627 
he espoused his second wife, Barbara, by whom he left a number of 
children. He was a great fighter and councilman in those stirring times, 
continuing in the military service of the colony all his life and com- 
manding the Plymouth troops, and at one time returning to England for 
a brief period as the representative of the young colony at the English 
court. Among the Mayflower pilgrims, companions of Miles Standish. 
there came also a family of Wilsons, members of the English sect of 
Separatists, who fled to Holland in 1608, and whose progenitor was 
Roger Wilson, a member of Pastor John Robinson's church. The 
descendants of this pilgrim family are scattered throughout New Eng- 
land, chiefly in Maine and Massachusetts, and the progenitors of the 



iS(. WEST A'IRr.IXIA 

family under consideration are probably to be found among them. Lieu- 
tenant John Wilson, son of Roger Wilson, who was born in Scrooby, 
England, in 1631, became a soldier in King Philip's war, dying in 
Woburn, Massachusetts, in 1687. He was twice married; his first wife, 
Susannah Mills or Miller, dying, and his second wife, Rebecca, surviv- 
ing him and dying in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, in the year 1749. 

(I) The first definitely known progenitor of the family treated of 
in this sketch was Joseph Wilson, a native of Massachusetts, who mar- 
ried Jerusha Driscow. Children : Nathaniel, Gowan, Stillman, Joel, 
Otis, Seward, Putnam, \^'illiam. John, Mary. Relief, Asa, of whom fur- 
ther; Joseph. 

(II) Asa. srin of Joseph and Jerusha (Driscow) Wilson, was born 
in Columbia Falls, :\Iaine, died at ".Marietta. ()hio. in 1880. at the age of 
..eventy- eight years. He was a farmer all his life. He married Rebecca 
Newell Joy. born in Ellsworth. IMaine. daughter of Benjamin and Abigail 
(Green) Joy, and granddaughter of Colonel Green, who took command 
at the battle of Bunker Plill after General Warren had been killed. Mr. 
and Mrs. Asa Wilson had five children, two of whom are now living : 
Benjamin Joy, of whom further ; Asa Putnam, who is a farmer in Wayne 
county, W'est Virginia. 

(III) Benjamin Joy, son of .\>^a and Rebecca Newell (Joy) Wilson, 
was born in Brewer, Maine. January i. 1840. He remained in the home 
of his birth until he was five years of age. when his parents removed to 
Ellsworth, ]\Iaine. where he received his early schooling; and where they 
resided for fourteen years, from 1845 to 1859. The family then removed 
to Virginia, making their home at what is now Burning Springs, ^^'irt 
county, West Virginia, where Benjamin J. Wilson operated in the oil fields 
and there remained until 1863, when they again moved and settled at 
^Marietta, Ohio. Here Benjamin Joy Wilson began operations in gas and 
oil fields, continuing for awhile, then went to Lincoln county 
and in 1881 came to Cabell county. West Virginia. His en- 
terprises met with great success, and he now operates gas and oil lands in 
five counties in this state and Ohio, beside which he has an extensive busi- 
ness in timber and lumber. He later made his home in Huntington, and 
has continued to prosper in his various undertakings. He has been the 
organizer and promoter of several oil companies which have become great 
producers, and he has also added the general insurance business to the list 
of his interest. ■Mr. Wilson has now become a very prominent figure in 
the commercial and industrial circles of Huntington, as well as in political 
ranks, where he is a staunch member of the Republican party. He is 
also well known socially and is very popular among his friends. 

Though Mr. Wilson has been twice married, he has no children to in- 
herit his name. His first wife was Lucy Hyde Cunningham, daughter of 
Jonathan and Mary Cunningham. His second wife was Annie Shelton. 
daughter of Raleigh and Elvira Shelton. 



^Miller is one of the very common American names, found 

MILLER in all parts of the country, from which it is not safe to 

conclude anything about family, nor even about national 

origin. The present family illustrates this fact, being of known and 

traceable German ancestry. 

On September 5, 1749, there landed on the banks of the Delaware 
river five hundred and fifty foreigners, from several German states and 
cities, who had sailed from Rotterdam. Holland, more than one month 
before. Most of these remained in Pennsylvania, but some removed into 
Virginia, where fellow-countrymen were already settled. These early 



WEST MRGIXIA 187 

German settlers of \'irginia are said to liave had a distinction, perhaps 
unique, among early American immigrants, in the fact that nearly all 
could read and write. 

(I) Ulrich Mueller, the first member of this family about whom 
we have definite information, was a burgher of Zweibrucken. 

(II) Jacob, son of Ulrich Mueller, the immigrant, was born about 
1698, died in May, 1776. He stayed first in York, Pa., after his coming 
to America. Later, with his wife and six children, he crossed into \'ir- 
ginia, by way of the old Packhorse ford, just east of Shepherdstown, 
Maryland, and early in 1752 he settled in the Shenandoah valley. On 
April 2d of that year. Lord Fairfax granted him four hundred acres on 
Narrow Passage river, near the border between Frederick and Augusta 
counties. He bought other lands, and received two more grants from 
Lord Fairfax, so that by 1766 he was owner of nearly two thousand 
acres in one of the finest parts of the valley. Twelve hundred acres he 
laid out in a town, which he called ^Nluellerstadt ; when in 1761 this 
was made a town, George ^^'ashington, then a burgess from Frederick 
county, had the name changed to \\'oodstock. His will refers to books 
in English and '"Dutch," probably meaning German. He married P.ar- 

bara . Children : L'lrich : Jacob : Barbara, married Brubaker : 

Christian, of whom further ; Susannah ; Alary ; Martin. 

(III) Christian ]\Iiller, son of Jacob and Barbara Mueller, was 
born at Zweibrucken, in 1744. died at Woodstock, April 28, 1836. From 
August, 1780, to May. 1781, he was sergeant in a company of Virginia 
continental soldiers. A newspaper, published at the time of his death, 
states that he was the last revolutionary soldier in the Shenandoah val- 
ley, and that his funeral was the largest ever seen in Woodstock. He 
married, in 1771, Catharine Wiseman, born in 1746. died in ATay. 1837. 
Children: John, of whom further; Henry, married, in 1815. Anne Clen- 
denin ; eight others, of whom two died young. 

(I\') John, son of Christian and Catharine (\\'iseman) ]\liller. was 
born at Woodstock. A'irginia. Alay 31. 1781. died March 19. 1846. In 
1795 he went to the Great Kanawha valley: his father gave him forty 
pounds in money, and some advice as never to be security for anyone, 
as he had been to his sorrow, and to be honest and fair in all things. For 
d time he stopped at Fort Clendenin. where he met a girl whom, ten 
years later, he married. He settled at Gallipolis, Ohio, an old French 
town, four miles below the mouth of the Kanawha. Here he found but 
two other persons who could speak Engli.sh ; he. therefore, learned 
French. As he already understood German also, this made him master 
of three languages. He was a hatter at Gallipolis until 1810, when he 
became a farmer. In that year he removed across the Ohio river to the 
A'irginia side, and built a brick house, said to have been the first brick 
residence in Mason count}^ Nine years later he removed again, to Teay's 
valley, where he bought one thousand acres on the Richmond and Lexing- 
ton turnpike : to this he added several hundred acres, and he continued in 
farming. Henry Clay, Marshall, and other distinguished men are said 
to have been his guests, in the free hospitality of the time. He moved 
for the last time in 1831, and settled in the Kanawha valley, about four 
miles from Point Pleasant. Here he purchased two farms. Locust Hill 
and Beech Hill, about nine hundred acres in all, part of the George Wash- 
ington grant in 1772. He owned about twenty-five slaves. For over forty 
years, he was a J\Iaster Alason. and he was a charter member of Morning 
Dawn Lodge, at Gallipolis. 

~Sh. ]\Iiller married (first) January 26, i8oi''i. Sophia, born 
March 27. 1783. died April 17. 1823, daughter of 'S\a\or \V'\\- 
liam and ]\Iargaret CHandlev") Clendenin. ATaior William Clen- 



i88 WEST MRGINIA 

denin was a private at the battle of Point Pleasant, afterward 
major in the Kanawha militia, of which his brother George was 
colonel, and Daniel Boone lieutenant-colonel. Three times he was a 
member of the Virginia assembly for Kanawha county, and he held other 
offices. About 1790 he settled opposite Gallipolis. In 1804 he carried the 
petition to the assembly, asking the organization of Mason county, and he 
was the first representative of this county. In 1772 Lord Dunmore gave 
Major Thomas Bullitt a patent for a large tract of land on the Great 
Kanawha river; fourteen years later he met George Clendenin at Rich- 
mond, and sold him, from this grant, the present site of Charleston, West 
A'irginia, then in Greenbrier county, Virginia. George Clendenin settled 
there, probably either in the fall of 1786 or in the spring of 1787, being 
the first settler within the limits of Charleston. He built a fort on the 
river bank, which took his name, not later than 1787. The name of the 
new settlement, formerly Charlestown, was probably suggested by him in 
honor of his father. (This is not the account given by some, but is prob- 
ably correct; he is not known to have had a brother named Charles). 
Mr. Miller married (second) October 23, 1823, Sallie. born January 6, 
1797, died January 26, 1872, daughter of Colonel John and Elizabeth 
(Stodghill) "Henderson, of Henderson, at the mouth of the Kanawha. 
Children, five by first, six by second, wife : i. Christopher, born December 
6, 1806 ; married, in 1830. Letitia Hamilton. 2. William Clendenin, of 
whom further. 3. Charles Clendenin, born February 23, 181 1, died 
]\Iarch 13, 1898; married, in 1831, Eleanor Cantrell. 4. Henry Harrison, 
born in December, 1813; married, in 1837, Eliza Chapman. 5. ]\Iargaret, 
born November 25, 1818, died August 19, 1859; married, December 12, 
1837, Thomas Thornburg. 6. Nancy, born October i, 1827; married, 
September 16, 1852, Rev. Stephen Kisling Vaught. 7. James Henderson, 
born June 6, 1829, died February 19, 1898; married, March 27, 185 1, 
Harriet E. Craig. 8. Anne Eliza, born November 8, 1831, died July 16, 
1854; married. November 13, 1850, James Robert Buffington. 9. Mary 
Caroline, born February 20, 1834, died in December. 1899 ; married, May 
24, 1859, Absalom P. Chapman. 10. Rhoda James, born October 13, 
1836: married, July 25, 1855, Edmund Chancelor. 11. Sarah Emily, 
born November 20, 1839: married, September 18, 1870, Hunter Ben 
Jenkins. 

(V) William Clendenin, son of John and Sophia (Clendenin) IMiller, 
was born in Mason county, Virginia, January 26, 1809. died July 27, 1886. 
He was the pioneer merchant at Barboursville, Cabell county, Virginia, 
and was the leading spirit in his time of public improvements at this 
place. He had here one of the most elegant and hospitable homes in the 
county, built of brick, with fourteen rooms and four halls. The leading 
business block, the lock and dam and the old court house and jail were 

built by him. He married, March 6, 1838, Eliza, daughter of and 

Marie Therese Sophie Clotilde Raisoh (De la Geneste) Gardner, who 
was born at Greenup, Kentucky; she died in 1888. A few years before 
the French revolution, her grandfather, Marquis Maison De la Geneste, 
left France and settled in Santo Domingo, West Indies. There he pur- 
chased three sugar plantations and hundreds of negroes. His only child, 
Marie Therese Sophie Clotilde Raison, at the age of fourteen, was mar- 
ried to Joseph Gardner, a merchant trader, sailing out of Boston, He 
was related to General Putnam. He sold his ships, and settled on a 
plantation in Santo Domingo, In 1796 occurred the insurrection of the 
slaves. By the aid of a slave they escaped to a United States vessel and 
were landed in Philadelphia. They went to Pittsburgh by stage coach, 
and took passage on a boat loaded for New Orleans, purposing to set- 
tle among the French, in Louisiana. The water was low in the Ohio, 




'/fu . //n.rnr// 



WEST \'IRGINIA 189 

and the boat ran aground near Greenup. Changing their purpose, they 
rented the largest house in that place and opened an inn. From Santo 
Domingo they had brought some jewelry and two slaves; the French 
government afterward gave them a partial indemnity. Children of Wil- 
liam Clendenin and Eliza (Gardner) Miller: i. Charles, deceased. 2. 
George F., married Kate Davidson, granddaughter of Governor Noble, of 
Indiana, he now lives in Indianapolis. 3. John William, of whom further. 

4. Joseph S., married Florence Tice, he lives at Kenova, West Virginia. 

5. Eugenia, married B. H. Thackston, they live at Huntington. 6. Flor- 
ence Gardner, married George F. Miller, they live at Huntington. 

(\'I) John William, son of William Clendenin and Eliza (Gardner) 
Miller, was born at Barboursville, A^irginia, February 27, 1845. He at- 
tended Marshall College until the outbreak of the civil war, and private 
schools subsequently. His first business position was at Richmond, Ken- 
tucky, where he was clerk in a store for two years. He then, at the same 
place, started a store of his own and conducted this for four years. In 
1868 he returned to Barboursville, where he has continuously lived from 
that time, being engaged in farming and the live stock business. He owns 
a farm a mile south of Barboursville. He is a Democrat, and a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. He married, at Richmond, 
Kentucky, November 20, 1865, Annie E., born in Kentucky, January 8, 
1847, daughter of Albert A. Curtis.. Her father was paymaster in the 
federal army for Kentucky troops during the civil war, and for four 
years was a member of the Kentucky legislature. He died about 1886, his 
wife a year earlier. Children of John William and Annie E. (Curtis) 
Miller: i. Frank, deceased. 2. William C, a farmer at Barboursville. 3. 
Albert M., deceased ; he was a conductor on the Chesapeake & Ohio rail- 
road, and was killed by his train ; married Nina Parker, of Lexington. 
Kentucky; had one son, John W. 4. Bessie A., living at home; she is a 
teacher of art in Morris-Harvey College. 5. Joseph T., deceased; mar- 
ried and left two children ; Virginia and Charles. 6. Annie Coelina, 

married Earl E. Spencer, of Barboursville ; children : Annie Virginia and 
Earl Edwin. 7. Thomas E., a merchant at Branchland postoffice, Lincoln 
county, West Virginia. 



Hu Maxwell, well known as an historical writer, was 
MAXWELL born at St. George, in what is now West Virginia, Sep- 
tember 22, i860, son of Rufus and Sarah Jane (Bonni- 
field) Maxwell. He is chiefly of Scotch descent. His ancestors were 
in this country two hundred years ago ; members of the family fought in 
the French and Indian wars, in the revolution, and some were slain in the 
Indian wars that concerned the region now known as West Virginia. 

Mr. Maxwell's first sixteen years were spent upon a farm. His edu- 
cation was looked after by his parents, who were college people — a rare 
thing in that section in that day. He spent four years in study prepara- 
tory to a place as engineer in the navy, but abandoned this effort on 
account of defective eyesight which would not have met the prescribed 
tests. The following two years were given principally to cutting logs in 
the forest. In the meantime he taught school four months, and wrote a 
history of "The Conquest of the Ohio Valley," for which he was unable 
to find a publisher. At the age of twenty-three he began newspaper work 
to the extent of meeting expenses of travel. He went to New Orleans, 
thence to California by way of Mexico, then spent a year in the west — 
some time in the Sierra ^Nevada mountains, remote from settlements, 
visited the Colorado and Mojave deserts, and then went to some of the 
Pacific Islands. During that year he wrote "Idyls of the Golden Shore," 



lyo WEST VIRGINIA 

a volume of poems on California subjects which was subsequently pub- 
lished by Putnam's Sons, of New York. In 1884 he returned to West 
\'irginia, and bought a small weekl)' newspaper, the Tucker County Pio- 
neer, which cost him two and a half years of arduous effort, and which 
he then abandoned as a failure. He turned again to the wilds, and went 
to British America with the purpose of descending the Mackenzie river 
to the Arctic ocean, but plans miscarried, and when he reached the mouth 
of the Red River of the North, and not finding the parties who were to 
meet him there, he turned west, crossed the Rocky mountains at the head 
of the Saskatchewan river, and reached the Pacific ocean opposite Van- 
couver Island. Much of the two thousand mile overland journey was 
made with a single companion. He followed the coast as far as south 
Oregon, and the valley of the Columbia river up five hundred miles from 
the sea. He also undertook to reach the crater of Mt. Shasta, but, suf- 
fering from an accident, was unable to do so. The next two years he 
spent in California, exploring the mountains with a special view to de- 
termining the history of the former glaciers, and their influence upon 
the geology and timlDer of that region. During this time he was much 
with Indians, partly learned their language, and made a dictionary of 
that of the Digger Indians, ascertaining that it contained 1263 words, 
nearly half of which were of Spanish or English origin. He returned 
east, then California again. He was engaged in newspaper work almost 
continuously for the next five years, and in connection with it during two 
summers studied the forests of the Sierra Nevada range, to determine 
their influence upon the stream flow upon which irrigation depended, and 
this marked the beginning of the agitation favoring forest protection and 
which some years later culminated in the organization of the United 
States Forest Service. During this time he was appointed a delegate to 
the International Irrigation Congress, which he attended. He was a 
pioneer in forest investigation, and his conclusions have been fully sus- 
tained by more extensive studies since made by the government. 

Returning east in 1896, Mr. Maxwell engaged in writing and publish- 
ing local histories of Hampshire, Randolph and Barbour counties, and 
then relinquished such work on account of the large development of com- 
mercial printing, which taxed the capacity of his printing house. During 
this period he wrote a history of West \^irginia which was adopted as 
a text book in the public schools of the State. He became editor of the 
Morgautozvn Chronicle at its founding, and continued for three years, 
then resigning to accept his present position of expert in the United States 
Forest Service. He served as such for two and a half years in Washing- 
ton, and was then transferred to Chicago. He has represented West Vir- 
ginia in all the important waterways, irrigation and conservation con- 
gresses. In 1908 he was appointed chairman of the West Virginia Con- 
servation Commission, and assisted in the preparation of a report which 
was published by the state. In 1910 the College of William and Mary 
published his "Use and Abuse of Forests by Virginia Indians." The 
national government has published various of his reports and mono- 
graphs, among them being "Surface Conditions and Stream Flow," 
Wood Using Industries of Massachusetts," and also of Maryland, Michi- 
gan, Louisiana, Texas and Florida, and many others on kindred subjects. 

Mr. Maxwell is a Republican in politics, and in religion inclines to 
Methodism. He married, in California, Miss .\nna Humphreys. Their 
children are: Selbv Frederick, Marian, Anna, and Alexander Wilson. 



WEST \'1RGIXIA 



lyi 



Samuel C. Bell was brought from Ireland, where he was 
BELL born, to America, by his parents when he was seven years 
old. He married a German lady and settled at Clifton Furn- 
ace about eight miles from the present site of Morgantown, in IVIonon- 
galia county. West Virginia. His children were : Samuel, William, 
John, Henry, George, Anna, Agnes and ]\Iargaret. William Bell emi- 
grated to the state of Tennessee and was the progenitor of the Bell fam- 
ily in that state. John Bell was never married and lived to old age in 
Monongalia county. Henry Bell removed to IMarion county. West \'ir- 
ginia, where he lived to old age. George Bell removed to near Wheel- 
ing, West Virginia, where he raised a family and lived to old age. Anna 
Bell never married and lived all her life at Morgantown, West Virginia. 
Agnes Bell died in her infancy. Margaret Bell married Samuel G. Stev- 
ens, who located in Calhoun county, West A'irginia, where they raised a 
large family, and she lived to a ripe old age. 

(H) Samuel, son of Samuel C. Bell, was born in Monongalia county, 
West Virginia, in 1812. He served both as constable and justice of the 
peace in Calhoun county, and at the outbreak of the civil war he joined 
the Confederate army in 1862. After being engaged in several impor- 
tant battles, he was taken prisoner by the Union forces, and together 
with a number of other Confederate prisoners was imprisoned at Alton. 
Illinois, where he died in March, 1863, from the effects of the ill treat- 
ment of his captors. He married Susan Stevens, whose father was a 
Frenchman and whose mother was a Scotch lady. They located in Cal- 
houn county, West Virginia, sometime prior to the outbreak of the civil 
war. They had the following children : Samantha Ann, married Wil- 
liam T. Haverty; Drusilla, married Isaac T. Law; William Edgar, of 
whom further : Henry Perry : Margaret Virginia, married ]\Iarshall W. 
Trippett. 

(IID \\'illiam Edgar, son of Samuel and Susan (Stevens) Bell, 
was horn March 8, 1847. Being the oldest of the two sons of his father, 
the care of his widowed mother fell largely on him upon the death 
of his father in March, 1863, and during the fierce struggles of the civil 
war and for some years after its close he worked long and hard to keep 
their family together and to provide for their needs. Early in life he 
learned the trade of shoemaker and for many years he supplied a large 
trade with boots and shoes. William Edgar Bell has been a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows for a long number of years, and 
it has long been a tradition in the family that a member of this family 
signed the first charter for the first Odd Fellows Lodge in Ainerica, be- 
ing Washington Lodge No. i. of Baltimore, Maryland, instituted .April 
26, 1810, and chartered by a number of the Past Grands of the order in 
England. On December 23. 1866, he married Rachel Rebecca, daughter 
of Hiram and Matilda CKnight) Ferrell. whose father was reared in 
Monongalia county and was of Irish-Scotch descent, and he was one of 
the pioneer citizens of Calhoun county, having settled in that county 
when there were not more than a half dozen families living in the entire 
territory now covered by the county. Mr. Bell was formerly engasred in 
the mercantile business in Calhoun county, but removed to Point Pleas- 
ant, in IMason county. West Virginia, in 1911, where he and his wife 
still live. His children were: Matilda Virginia, married Asberrv Pol- 
ing, a farmer no\v residing near Parkersburg, West Virginia : Samuel 
Paris, of whom further; Hiram Prince, who was a minister in the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, South, and died at Cedarville, West A-^irginia. 
August 26, 1896: Perry Pious, a merchant at Point Pleasant, West Vir- 
ginia: Robert Pierre, editor of the Point Pleasant Register, of Point 
Pleasant, West Virginia. 



192 WEST VIRGINIA 

(IVj Samuel Paris, son of William Edgar and Rachel Rebecca 
(Ferrell) Bell, was born at Grantsville. Calhoun county. West Virginia, 
July 23, 1870. He received his early education in the public schools, and 
at the age of sixteen years began teaching school. At the age of twenty- 
one years he was elected county surveyor for Calhoun county, and was 
re-elected to the same position, but before his second term expired he 
resigned his office to enter actively in the practice of law. He read law 
while he was teaching school, afterwards entering the office of Hon. 
J. IM. Hamilton, now United States congressman from the fourth dis- 
trict of West Virginia. He studied law under Mr. Hamilton for some 
time, and was admitted to the practice of the law in February, 1897, 
and remained in the office with Mr. Hamilton until January i, 1905. 
At this time a law partnership was formed with A. G. Matthews, with 
offices at Grantsville, West \'irginia, which continued until 1910, when 
a law partnership was formed with the Hon. Walter Pendleton, of 
Spencer, West Virginia, under the firm name of Pendleton, Matthews & 
Bell, with offices at Point Pleasant, Mason county, Spencer, Roane 
county, and Grantsville, Calhoun county, and at which time Mr. Bell 
removed to Point Pleasant, West Virginia, where he still resides. 

He was at one time the editor of the Calhoun Chronicle, published at 
Grantsville, West Virginia, and is at the present time editor of the Lay- 
man's Herald, the official organ of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South, in West Virginia, and which is published at Sutton, West Vir- 
ginia. He is a member of the following fraternities : Eureka Lodge, No. 
40, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, of Grantsville. West Virginia; 
Point Pleasant Lodge, No. 33, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of 
Point Pleasant, West Virginia ; Kanawha Encampment, No. 65, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, of Dodrill, West Virginia ; Miriam Rebe- 
kah Lodge, No. i, of Parkersburg, West Virginia; Parkersburg 
Canton, No. 7, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of Parkers- . 
burg, \^'est Virginia; Spencer Lodge, No. 55, Knights of Pythias, 
of Spencer, West Virginia ; and Shawnee Tribe, No. 25, Im- 
proved Order of Red Men, of Dodrill, West Virginia. He was 
grand master of the Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows of West Virginia, in 
the years 1905 and 1906, and represented the Grand Lodge of West Vir- 
ginia in the Sovereign Grand Lodge at its sessions held at Saint Paul, 
Minnesota, in 1907, and at Denver, Colorado, in 1908. He was the Demo- 
cratic nominee for the office of judge of the circuit court of the fifth judi- 
cial circuit in West Virginia, in the campaign of 1912, but was defeated 
in the general election, along with the rest of his ticket in the state, 
although he ran more than a thousand votes ahead of his ticket in that 
circuit. 

He was married July 12, i8c;3, to Ona Belle, daughter of Minter J. 
and Mary (Rutherford) Stump, of Stumpton, Gilmer county. West Vir- 
ginia. His wife was born November i, 1877, at Normantown, Gilmer coun- 
ty, West Virginia, and her ancestors were the first settlers of Central 
West Virginia, and many of them have reached positions of prominence, 
both in county and state. Mr. and Mrs. Bell have the following children; 
Myrtle Lucretia, born March 11, 1895; Holly Page, February 21, 1897; 
Wilmea Kate, March 18, 1899; William Wade. December 20, 1900; Vir- 
gil Millard, January 31, 1903; Samuel Paris Jr., April 17, 1906; Mattie 
Eunice, June 11, 1908; Mary Elizabeth, July 31, 1910. 



WEST VIRGINIA 193 

Huntington has no more aggressive business man than 
BICKEL Robert Allen Bickel, representative of the Home Life In- 
surance Company, of New York. Un his father's side 
Mr. Bickel comes of Pennsylvania stock, while through his mother he is 
a descendant of ancestors who made their home in Uld Kentucky. 

(I) Robert S. Bickel, grandfather of Robert Allen Bickel, was a 
native of Pennsylvania, and spent the active period of his life at Point 
Pleasant, West Virginia, in the merchant tailoring business. He died 
in 1905, aged eighty years. 

(IIj Anthony, son of Robert S. Bickel, was born at Point Pleasant, 
West Virginia. He conducted a drugstore in his native place. He mar- 
ried Jennie Borders, born at Catlettsburg, Kentucky, daughter of Allen 
P. and Louisa (Mayo) Borders, and granddaughter of Archibald Bor- 
ders, a pioneer settler of Sandy Valley, Lawrence county, Kentucky. 
He was a large slaveholder and filled the office of judge. Allen P. Bor- 
ders was born in Lawrence county, and was a farmer and merchant. 
He died at the age of sixty-eight years. His wife belonged to one of 
the prominent families of the Big Sandy. Mr. and Mrs. Bickel were 
the parents of two children : Robert Allen, of whom further ; and a 
daughter who died in infancy. Mr. Bickel died in 1877, at the early 
age of twenty-four years, and his widow later married William D. Roffe, 
by whom she had one child: Hildegarde, wife of H. A. Scholze, of 
Steubenville, Ohio. Mr. Roflre died December 4, 1912, and his widow 
resides at Louisa, Kentucky. 

(Ill) Robert Allen, son of Anthony and Jennie (Borders) Bickel, 
was born May 19, 1876, at Point Pleasant, West Virginia, and was still 
an infant when his parents moved to Lawrence county, Kentucky. It 
was there that he received his education, and on leaving school he became 
a clerk in the store conducted by his grandfather at George's Creek, 
Lawrence county, retaining the position eight years. At the end of that 
time, being then about twenty-two years old, he went to Washington, 
D. C, where, after serving four years as clerk in a hotel, he became 
cashier for the firm of Armour & Company. From Washington Mr. 
Bickel returned to Louisa, Lawrence county, and there engaged in the 
insurance business until October, 1910, when he came to Huntington as 
representative of the Home Life Insurance Company, of New York. 
He has charge of the business of the southern half of West Virginia 
and of eighteen counties in Eastern Kentucky. A large portion of Mr. 
Bickel's attention has been given to the real estate business, and in addi- 
tion to being the owner of numerous residence lots in Huntington he still 
retains considerable business property at Lousia, Kentucky. In poli- 
tics he is a Democrat. His fraternal affliations are with Apperson 
Lodge, No. 195, Free and Accepted Masons, of Louisa, Kentucky, and 
is a member of the Scottish body : the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks ; the Huntington Chamber of Commerce and the Southern West 
Virginia Life LTnderwriters Association. He is a member of the South- 
ern Methodist Episcopal church. 

Mr. Bickel married, January 10. 1903, at fronton. Ohio, Sue M. ^Hi- 
lies, a native of Lawrence county, Ohio. Mr. Millies has been many 
years deceased and his widow is still living at Ironton. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bickel are the parents of three children: Roberta A., born January 20. 
1905: Florence Louisa, May 3, 1909; and Hildegarde May, October 27, 
1910. Brief as has been ]\Ir. Bickel's residence in Huntington he has 
proved himself to be the type of man whose presence is an advantage 
to any community, an able and upright business man, and a progressive 
and public-spirited citizen. 



194 WEST VIRGINIA 

Ransom Whitten, the first member of this family of 
WRITTEN whom we have definite information, was born October 
1 6, 1 791, on his father's farm near Lynchburg, Camp- 
bell county, Virginia, died April 30, 1868, in Hannan district of Mason 
county. West Virginia. About 1840 he settled on the Ohio river at 
what is now the town of Glenwood, but remained only a short time, as 
fever was very prevalent and the country rough and mountainous. He 
finally secured a large tract of land nine miles beyond his first location, 
where he engaged in farming and established an inn, which soon became 
well known and which was called the "Whitten Inn at the Cross Roads." 
He married Sarah Hannan, born in Hannan district. Mason county. West 
Virginia, February 2, 1789, died May 4, 1862. Child: John William, 
mentioned below. 

(II) John William, son of Ransom and Sarah (Hannan) Whitten, 
was born in Mason county, Virginia, December 15, 1824, died January 
12, 1862. He was a farmer and was a southern sympathizer; he was 
taken prisoner and confined in the jail at Point Pleasant, and after liis 
release, returned to his home, where shortly afterwards he contracted 
pneumonia and died. He married Mellinda Atkinson, daughter of Arch- 
ibald D. and Jane (Adams) Campbell, born February 16, 1840. Her 
father, who was born August 6, 1808, and died November 8, 1868. in 
Brooke county, Mrginia, was the son of Robert Campbell who emigrated 
from Ireland. Her mother, who was born July 8, 1807, and died Novem- 
ber 17, 1885, in Hannan district, Mason county. West Virginia, was the 
daughter of Alexander Adams, who was born near Paris, Washington 
county, Pennsylvania. Child of John William and Mellinda Atkinson 
(Campbell) Whitten: John Lamar, mentioned below. 

(III) Judge John Lamar Whitten, son of John William and Mellinda 
Atkinson (Campbell) Whitten, was born in Mason county, West Vir- 
ginia, February 5, 1861. He received his early education in the public 
schools and at the Point Pleasant Academy. He later attended the Na- 
tional Normal University at Lebanon, Ohio. He taught school for four 
years in the Hannan district, and then studied law in the offices of J. B. 
Menager and Charles E. Hogg, the latter is now dean of the Law Scho(5l 
of the LTniversity of West Virginia. He was admitted to the bar in 
West \'irginia in 1883, and in the same year was elected superintendent 
of the schools for Mason county, which office he filled so satisfactoril}- 
that he was re-elected in 1885. L'pon the expiration of his second term 
as superintendent of schools he entered into active practice of his profes- 
sion and continued until 1890, when he removed to Washington. D. C. 
and was employed for two years in census work, meanwhile in 1891, ac- 
quiring the degree of Master of Laws from the University of George- 
town, D. C. He then returned to Point Pleasant and resumed the prac- 
tice of law. In 1896 he was elected prosecuting attorney for Mason coun- 
ty for four years, and at the expiration of his term was re-elected and 
served in that office until the death of Judge Frank Guthrie, when he was 
appointed by Governor White to fill out the unexpired term of Judge Guth- 
rie as judge of the circuit court, which comprised Mason, Putnam and 
Kanawha counties and was known as the seventh judicial court. During 
the few months that he acted as circuit judge he despatched a large 
amount of business that had accumulated during the illness of Judge 
Guthrie, and tried many important cases. Five of his decisions were ap- 
pealed to the supreme court which sustained Judge Whitten in each case. 
Mr. Whitten was appointed referee in bankruptcy under Judge Keeler. 
and still holds that office. In March, 1909, he was elected mayor of 
Point Pleasant and was re-elected in March, 191 1, by an overwhelming 
majority. It was during his tenure of office that he officiated at the 



WEST VIRGINIA 195 

memorable unveiling of the Battle Monument erected in commemoration 
of the victory of the Virginia colonial troops comprising the left wing of 
Lord Dunmore's army, and under command of General Andrew Lewis, 
over the United Indian Nations commanded by the renowned Shawnee 
chief, Cornstalk, the battle being fought October 10, 1774, and the monu- 
ment unveiled in 1909. Mr. Whitten is a member of Mount Zion Bap- 
tist Church at Upland, Mason county. West Virginia : West Virginia Bar 
Association ; Lodge No. t,t,. Independent Order of Odd Fellows, having 
held the ofti'ce of noble grand ; Oriental Lodge No. 49, Knights of 
Pythias, in which he has held the office of chancellor commander ; Catalpa 
Camp No. 4883, iModern Woodmen of America, and the National Union. 
He married, April 18, 1888, Mary Rachel, daughter of Henry and 
Ann Eliza (Newman) Gwinn. Her father was an extensive farmer and 
timber dealer and was for several years a member of the board of educa- 
tion of Hannan district, Alason county, West \'irginia : his children were, 
Othniel Edward, William Walter, C. Eugene, Mary Rachel, referred to 
above. Van H. ; Minnie Anderson, married W. D. Holloway ; i\Iartena E., 
married E. F. Wickline ; D. Byrd. Children of John Lamar and Mary 
Rachel (Gwinn) Whitten: Rudolph Gwinn, born March 10, 1889; Ann 
Eliza, born April 15, 1891, who graduated in 191 1 from the Shenandoah 
Collegiate Institute and College of Music, and is now (1913) studying 
at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts ; 
Mellinda L., born June 29, 1893; John Lamar Jr., born June 5, 1898; 
Othniel Edward, born September i, 190 1. 



James Mitchell, the founder of the family in this 
MITCHELL country, was a North of Ireland Presbyterian. He 

was an orphan, was apprenticed by his uncle, and 
learned the trade of wheelwright and loommaking. Becoming of age 
and marrying, he and his wife decided to try their fortunes in the new 
world across the sea, and accordingly sailed from Western Ireland, 
intending to land in New York, but their ship was delayed by severe 
storms, and it was not until six weeks after setting sail that they were 
landed at Philadelphia, They possessed in money only one pound sterl- 
ing upon landing. He worked in the ship yards for a time and then went 
to Pittsburgh, where he engaged in making looms and spinning wheels. 
After the local market had become supplied with these, he built a boat, 
and packing his possessions in it. drifted down the Ohio river and 
landed at Racine, Ohio, a Presbyterian colony, and purchased a farm 
in Virginia, where the town of Spillman now stands. The farm has 
lately been purchased by Senator Camden for its valuable coal deposits. 
He still continued to make looms and spinning wheels, and was accus- 
tomed to load them in canoes and carry them to Charleston, where he 
found a ready sale for them. Mr. Mitchell had married in Ireland, be- 
fore coming to America, Mary Anderson. Child : Thomas, mentioned 
below. 

fll) Thomas, son of James and Mary f Anderson) Mitchell, was 
born November 18. 1815. He spent the greater part of his life farm- 
ing at West Columbia, on a farm that was purchased by his father in 
1804. He married Barbara, daughter of .Samuel and Margaret (Eck- 
ard) Sommerville, of Mason county, who was born in May. 1824. Her 
father fought in the war of 1812. Children of Thomas and Barbara 
(Sommerville) Mitchell, all living in 1012: Rebecca Jane, born in May, 
1844; James Samuel, born in November, 1847; Man- Margaret, born 
in 1840: Robert Edwin, mentioned below; Ann Catherine, born in 1855; 



196 WEST VIRGINIA 

tohn Thomas, born in 1859; Claudius Jamison, born in 1863; and Wil- 
am Calvin, born in 1866. 

l^III) Robert Edwin, son of Thomas and Barbara (Sommerville) 
Alitchell, was born February 25, 1852, near West Columbia, Mason 
county. West Virginia. He received his early education in the public 
schools and during the years 1872 and 1873, was a student at Tuppers 
Plains Seminary. He then attended the National Normal School at 
Lebanon, Ohio, completing his course in 1875, ^"d in 1877 was a can- 
jidate for superintendent of schools. In 1878 he was a candidate for 
clerk of the county court against Colonel J. P. R. B. Smith, but was de- 
feated. He then taught school for six years in West Columbia, Clif- 
ton and Point Pleasant until in 1884 he was elected clerk of the cir- 
cuit court, which office he held for three consecutive terms until 1903. 
He was then appointed assistant cashier of the Point Pleasant National 
Bank, and served in that capacity for four years, when in 1908 he re- 
signed to again become a candidate for clerk of the county court 
against Colonel J. P. R. B. Smith, his opponent of thirty years before 
for the same position. This time, however, Mr. Mitchell was elected, 
and he still holds the office. He is a Republican in politics, and is a 
member of Mintern Lodge, No. 19, Free and Accepted Masons, and of 
Oriental Lodge, No. 49, Knights of Pythias. Mr. Alitchell married, in 
November, 1885, Emma Estella Mallory. of Racine, Ohio. Child: Eva 
Louise, born January 5, 1888, who graduated in June, 1910, from Ohio 
University at Athens, Ohio, and married Frank B. Gullum, of Colum- 
bus, Ohio, professor of chemistry in the high school of that city (1913). 



The progenitor of this West Virginia family was James 
JOHNSTON Johnston, born in Scotland, died in this country at 
the age of ninety years, having been a farmer all his 
life. He established himself about the beginning of the last century on a 
farm, about a mile and a half distant from the present city of Hunting- 
ton. Here he prospered, owing to his industry, application and sturdy 
Scottish spirit ; so that the old homestead has been handed down to his 
descendants who for generations have been born there. 

(II) William L.. son of James Johnston, was born on the old place, 
about 1806, died in the winter of 1871. He followed in his father's foot- 
steps and became a farmer also, being in addition a millwright. During 
the civil war he was a southern sympathizer, but does not appear to have 
taken any very active part in hostilities. His wife was Mary McGinnis, 
a native of Cabell county, daughter of Edmund McGinnis, a minister of 
the southern Methodist church, who lived for the greater part of his life 
in West Virginia, but died in Texas. Mr. and Mrs. Johnston had chil- 
dren : I. Frederick William, of Amarillo, Texas. 2. Marcellus Logan, 
died in Texas ten years ago. 3. James Edmund, of whom further. 4. 
Mary, wife of Robert L. Day, an architect in Huntington. 

(III) James Edmund, son of William Logan and Mary (McGinnis) 
Johnston, was born August 21, 1852, at the old family homestead. His 
mother died when he was very young; and when twelve years of age his 
grandfather, then an old man of ninety years, also died at the old home 
which he had established for the family. During the harassing times of 
the civil war the boy was able to obtain little or no education. When 
about nineteen years of age, however, he entered Marshall College ; but 
his father dying, he was obliged to leave and take upon his shoulders the 
burden of life. He began work in the store of Laidley & Johnston, of 
which his father had been one of the partners, and clerked in the estab- 
lishment for ten years. In the fall of 1881 he began business on his own 




^9^c> 



WEST VIRGINIA 197 

account as a furniture dealer and undertaker, under the firm name of 
Hagen & Johnston. He continued thus for some time, finally associating 
with himself J. Alden Emmons, and giving the business the new name of 
Johnston & Emmons. This lasted for ten years. On May i, 1897, the 
Johnston Undertaking Company was established, Mr. Johnston being the 
sole proprietor and doing the largest and best business of this kind in 
Huntington. He is a man well known in commercial and industrial cir- 
cles and has become one of the leading citizens of this place. He is pop- 
ular and influential among fraternal organizations, being a member of 
the Masons, and also of the following orders: Odd Fellows, Elks, Knights 
of the Golden Eagle, Improved Order of Red Men, Knights of Pythias 
and Junior Order of American Mechanics. As a politician Mr. Johnston 
is independent in his views, voting as he pleases, regardless of party. He 
is a member of the Presbyterian church, as befits his Scottish ancestry. 

Mr. Johnston married (first) thirty-five years ago, Anna Laidley, of 
Charleston. West Virginia, by whom he had three children: i. Archie 
Lynn, thirty-two years of age, living in Cincinnati ; a sales-manager for 
the Electric Railway Equipment Company. 2. Frederick William, thirty 
years of age ; a teller in the Kanawha National Bank, of Charleston, West 
Virginia. 3. ^lildred Mrginia, living at home. Mr. Johnston's (second) 
wife was Lida Valentine, daughter of the Rev. Richard and Sallie 
(Smith) Valentine, both deceased: the marriage occurred twenty years 
ago at Georgetown, Ohio, Mrs. Johnston having been born in Lexington, 
Kentucky. There is but one child by this last marriage : 4. Edmund \'al- 
entine, born December 29, 1895 ; received his primary education in the 
local schools : now attending ^ilarshall College, being in the sophoinore 
class ; his afternoons are devoted to the assistance of his father in busi- 
ness. 



George Tippett, the founder of this family in this coun- 
TIPPETT try, was born April 17, 1806, in Alanchester, England, 

and died May 2, 1852, in Cumberland, Maryland. Among 
the records of the early English Tippetts extant, are John Tippett, who 
married Florence Kellowe at St. Wren's Cathedral, London, June 22, 

1609; and Tippett, nephew of Sir John Tippett, surgeon in the 

navy, married Elizabeth Evelyn at Deptford, England, in 1683. 

(I) George Tippett was a stone mason, sculptor and plasterer by 
trade and for a number of years was engaged in the railroad business, 
and as a contractor and constructor of roads. He married (first), April 
12, 1826, Grace Deeble Zelland, who died in England, March 20. 1830. 
He married (second), March 21, 1833, at Harper's Ferry. Virginia, 
Sarah Elizabeth Ways, daughter of James and Sarah Elizabeth (Ways) 
McNair, who died in Cincinnati, Ohio, June 18, 1862. The grandfather 
of Sarah Elizabeth (Ways) McNair, Basil Ways, married Cecilia, daugh- 
ter of Daniel Driscoll, whose wife was a descendant of the distinguished 
Carroll and "Marshall families, of the "Old Dominion." Her father 
was Samuel Driscoll Ways, and her mother Susan Walling, a descendant 
of distinguished Holland-Dutch ancestry- Children of George Tippet, 
three by first marriage: i. Elizabeth, born October 22. 1827. 2. James, 
born October 13, 1829. 3. Charles. 4. Susan Catharine, born Febru- 
ary 21, 1834; died at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. December 30. 1880, 
unmarried. 5. George Ways, referred to below. 6. \\'illiam Sylvester, 
born at Berkeley, Virginia, November 14, 1837, died at Wheeling. West 
Virginia, in 1881, married Margaret Pershing: children: Katherine, 
married Charles Beckerline : Annie, married William Graham Jr. : Henry, 
died at Wheeling, West Virginia. 7. Samuel Driscoll, born at Han- 



igS WEST VIRCINIA 

cuck, Alarylaiul, December ii, 1S43 ; married in Cincinnati, Ohio, April 
5, 1866, Elizabeth Atwell ; children: Flora Atwell, married at Oakland, 
California, George W. Kenneth, no children; Margaret, died October 
3, 1902, married at Lockland, Cincinnati, Ohio, Sherman T. Cooper, 
children, Helen and Sherman O. ; Martha, married Robert W. Spang- 
ler, children, Ralph and Lois, died young: William Morrison, married 
at La Grange, Chicago, Illinois, Elaine Kearney, no children. 

(II) George Ways, son of George and Sarah Elizabeth Ways (Mc- 
Nair) Tippett, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, January 30, 1836, and 
died in Point Pleasant, West Virginia, J^Iay 19, 1902. He received his 
early education in the pay schools and St. Patrick's Catholic school, of 
Cumberland, Maryland, and in January, 1847, ^t the age of eleven years 
entered the printing office of The AUcghanian and served a four years' ap- 
prenticeship at the printer's trade. May 2, 1855, he removed to Point 
Pleasant, West Virginia, where he resided up to the time of his death. 
On coming to Point Pleasant, he entered the office of the Independent 
Rcl'iiblican and served as a compositor. February 22, 1862. he began the 
publication of the Weekly Register and continued its owner, manager 
and editor, up to the time of his death, accomplishing in the newspaper 
field, more than an ordinary success. In 1880, he was elected to the 
West Virginia house of delegates from Mason county, serving during 
the sessions of 1881-1882, and was appointed a member of the committee 
on elections and privileges, chairman of the committee on printing and 
contingent expenses, was on the committee on executive offices and li- 
brary, and was also a member of the Congressional apportionative com- 
mittee. In politics he was an earnest and zealous Democrat and with 
his wide experience and unquestionable ability, wielded a large influ- 
ence in the councils of his party. He was a progressive and representa- 
tive citizen, held several minor offices of honor and trust, and manifested 
much interest in education, being a member of the board that built the 
high school building in Point Pleasant, an edifice for which he fought 
for years through the columns of his paper, and no doubt gaining for the 
town that much needed and excellent institution. He was a member of 
the Episcopal church and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

He married, September 11, 1856, Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Ann Risk of Rockbridge county, Virginia. Children : James 
Piell, referred to below: William Ruffner, born January 30, 1859; Charles 
Augustus, born December 9, 1861 : Henry Emerson, born January 9, 
1863: Georgiana, born May 11. 1866; Kate Lisetta, born ?vlarch 5, 1868; 
Frank Burner, born Alarch i, 1870; Edith Blair, born ]\Iay 16, 1872; 
Clififord Carlisle, born September 21, 1874. 

(HI) James Bell, son of George Ways and Sarah Elizabeth (Risk) 
Tippett, was born in Point Pleasant, West Mrginia, March 25, 1858. He 
received his early education in public and normal schools, and then, un- 
til he was eighteen years of age, was employed in his father's office where 
he learned the printer's trade. He then became a salesman for the dry 
goods firm of Harmison & Company, remaining with them for three 
years, from which time he was engaged in the retail business, in general 
store keeping, and for the last twenty years of his life in the furniture 
and undertaking business. He was a graduate of the foremost colleges 
of embalming and sanitation in the United States, holding his diploma 
since 1891, and was the first licensed embalmer in the state holding a 
certificate. He was appointed a member of the West \'irginia State 
Board of Embalmers by Governor G. W. Atkinson, and was president of 
the board, serving a four years term of his appointment. In 1888 he 
established the general fire and life insurance agency known as the Tip- 
pett & Hutchinson Agency, which was sold in January, 1910, to the 



WEST \IRGINIA 



199 



Point Pleasant Trust Company. IMr. Tippett was vici.'-i)resident of the 
Point Pleasant Council of Boy Scouts; a stockholder in the Merchants 
National Bank of Point Pleasant ; secretary of the Board of Trade ; and 
also president of the Point Pleasant Building and Loan Association. He 
was a Democrat in politics and in 1890, was a candidate for circuit clerk, 
against R. C. ^litchell. the Republican candidate for re-election, but was 
defeated by thirteen votes. He was again the Democratic candidate for 
sherilif of Mason county in 1904, and was defeated by James JMcDermit 
by thirty-eight votes, the county being strongly Republican and in that 
year giving a majority of over eight hundred. For over thirty-five years 
he had been active as an organizer in his party, rarely missing attendance 
at both state and district conventions, generally as a delegate, and was 
commissioned as assistant Sergeant-at-arms of the National Democratic 
Convention at Baltimore, Maryland, in 191 2, through the courtesy of 
tlon. John T. ^McGraw, the national committeeman from Grafton, West 
\'irginia. Mr. Tippett was a Mason, being a member of Minturn Lodge 
No. 19, of Point Pleasant. He was also a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, No. 33, and past grand member of Fidelity 
Encampment No. 57 : Knights of Pythias No. 49, and a Knight of 
Khorassan. He was a Southern Presbyterian in religion, and a deacon in 
the church at Point Pleasant. He died January 16. 1913. 

Mr. Tippett married (first), in October, 1879, Lida J., daughter of 
Benjamin and Martha Day, of Five Mile Post Office, in the Arbuckle 
district. She died in November. 1898. He married (second) Cornelia 
Denver, daughter of Dr. Laban Franklin Campbell and Ida Lewis (Men- 
ager) Campbell, of Point Pleasant. (See Campbell and ^lenager Lines). 
Child, James Campbell, born April 17, 1906. 
(The Campbell Line). 

Dr. Laban Franklin Campbell, son of W^illiam Reed and Eliza Ball 
(Cartmell) Campbell, was born in Frederick county, X'irginia, ^May 20, 
1840, and died in Norfolk, Virginia, April 18, 1910, and is buried in the 
family burying ground in Point Pleasant, West Virginia. He received his 
early education in the academies of Winchester, Leesburg, and Romney, 
Virginia, and attended his first course of medical lectures in Winchester 
until the outbreak of the war between the states, when he entered the 
Confederate army ; enlisting in Company C, Thirteenth Mrginia Infantry, 
and served throughout the war. In the summer of 1864, he was taken 
prisoner and sent to Camp Chase in Ohio, where he was held until .\pril 
1865. At the close of the war he entered the school of medicine of the 
L^niversity of ^Maryland, finishing his course and graduating in 1867. 
Immediately afterward he located in Point Pleasant where he attained a 
position of prominence and influence in professional and social circles. 
L'nder President Cleveland's administration he was medical examiner 
for pensions, and was a member of the West Virginia Medical Associa- 
tion and an elder in the Presbyterian church. He married, in 187 1. Ida 
Lewis, daughter of Lewis Bobin and Cornelia ( Steenbergen) Menager, 
born May 6, 1848. Children: Cornelia Denver, referred to above, mar- 
ried, December 3, 1902, James Bell Tippett; Louis Reed; Archibald 
Menager; Laban Franklin Jr. 

(The .Menager Line).* 

Claudius Roman Menager, the founder of this family in this coun- 
try, was born in Normandy, and died in Gallipolis, Ohio, January 17. 
1835. He and Mary Bobin, whom he subsequently married, were both 



*This Sketch was prepared by the late Ella S. Neale. 



200 WEST VIRGINIA 

among the five or six hundred well educated emigrants of good families, 
skilled in various fine crafts and little fitted for pioneer life, who left 
France in 1789 to settle in America on land purchased through agents 
of the Scioto Society. It is a matter of history how they disembarked 
from five ships at Alexandria to find themselves defrauded of their 
money, and their titles to land not legal. After much delay the agents 
agreed to furnish them means for transportation to Ohio, and they trav- 
eled by wagons through the valley of Virginia, thence to Brownsville, 
Pennsylvania, and on to the Ohio river, landing in Gallipolis, October 10, 
1790. Mr. Menager became a merchant and with his wife, who, brave 
hearted and true, aided him in every way, accumulated what was re- 
garde-l in those times as a considerable fortune. After St. Clair's defeat 
the Indians made a raid upon the settlers, running off all the stock, de- 
stroying what they could not carry away, and killing all who were out- 
side of the garrison ; but nothing daunted, these pioneers began anew, 
cooking food for the troops who were sent to disperse the Indians and 
protect the people, until they finally became independent in fortune and 
lived to a ripe old age. Mr. Menager married at Gallipolis, Ohio (his 
marriage said to be the first in the town) March 16, 1790, Mary Bobin, 
and among his children was, Lewis Bobin, referred to below. 

(II) Lewis Bobin, son of Claudius Roman and Mary (Bobin) Men- 
ager, was born at Gallipolis, Ohio, April 9, 1803, and died in Point Pleas- 
ant, West Virginia, June 6, 1870. He was educated at Athens, Ohio, 
and was for many years a merchant in his native town, but after his 
second marriage he decided to try rural life, and purchasing a farm in 
Mercer's Bottom, resided there until his children required educational 
advantages, when he moved to Point Pleasant, where he lived up to the 
time of his death. He was a man of the highest type of honor and in- 
tegrity, and a versatile, brilliant conversationalist. He married, July 11, 
1847, Cornelia, daughter of Peter Higgins and Maria B. (Jordan) Steen- 
bergen, bom January 23, 1818, died January 17, 1897. Children: Ida 
Lewis, born ilay 6. 1848. married Dr. Laban Franklin Campbell, re- 
ferred to above; James Bobin, born i8so: Julius Lvnn. born in 18^3. 



Benjamin Franklin McElfresh, the first member of 
McELFRESH this family of whom we have definite information, 

was of Scotch-Irish origin. He was born in 1829. in 
Wheeling, West Mrginia, and died in 1905. He was a minister of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and married about 1855. Amanda, daughter 
of Benjamin Franklin and Dolly Ann (Newel) Knight, who was born 
in 1830, and died in 1892. Her father was a son of John Knight of New 
Hampshire, and was a captain in the Federal army in the civil war ; her 
mother came from Maine : their children were : Amanda, referred to 
above, Daniel, Benjamin Franklin Jr., who fought in the Federal army 
during the civil war, was sheriff' of Meigs county, Ohio, for two terms and 
commissioner for two terms: Sarah, now deceased. Children of Benja- 
min Franklin and Amanda (Knight) McElfresh: Franklin, born in 1857: 
Ida, now deceased : Zenas, born in 1867 : Edward, referred to below. 

Dr. Edward McElfresh, son of Benjamin Franklin and Amanda 
(Knight) McElfresh, was born December 7, 1869, in Hanover, Licking 
county, Ohio. He received his early education in the public schools at 
Chester, Ohio, and then took up the study of medicine, graduating from 
the Starling Medical College of Columbus, Ohio, in 1893. He continued 
his studies for six months after graduating under Dr. Rine at Longbot- 
tom, Ohio, and then took a post-graduate course at the New York Post 
Graduate College. He practiced his profession for three years in Hen- 



WEST VIRGINIA 201 

derson, and in June, 1897, opened an office in Point Pleasant, where he 
is still located. He is a Republican in politics and has been a member of 
the United States Pension Examining Board since 1897; he is also a 
stockholder in the Merchants' National Bank. He is a member of the 
American Medical Association, of the West Virginia State Medical Asso- 
ciation and of the Cabell county, West \'irginia. Medical Association. He 
is also a member of Minturn Lodge No. 19, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, being past master of Blue Lodge of Point Pleasant ; Point Pleas- 
ant Chapter No. 7, Ro3-al Arch Masons, of which he is past high priest ; 
of Franklin Commandery No. 17, Knights Templar, and is a member 
of Oriental Lodge, Knights of Pythias of Point Pleasant ; also of the 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

He married, March 24, 1898. at Longbottom, Ohio, Carrie Eunice, 
daughter of Marvin A,, and Irene (Shumway) Stewart, who was born 
March 23, 1870, in Jackson county, West Virginia. Her father came to 
New York with his parents when quite young. He was a merchant at 
Longbottom, and served during the civil war as captain in the Sixty- 
third Ohio Infantry. His children were: Emma, Josephine, Bertha May, 
Carrie Eunice, referred to above, Winona, Belle. Child of Dr. Edward 
and Carrie Eunice (Stewart) McElfresh, Marvin Stewart, born Au- 
gust 7, 1900. 



The progenitor of the Brown family here under consid- 
BROWN eration was Rev. Lee C. Brown, a Presbyterian minister, 

who lived for many years in Wythe county, Virginia, his 
native state, and whose ministry there extended over a period of fifty 
years. He married Pauline Hoge. also a native of Virginia, and they had 
four children : Robert, a Confederate soldier, killed at the battle of Get- 
tysburg; Douglas B., of whom further; James; and Randall. 

(II) Lieutenant Douglas B. Brown, son of Rev. Lee C. and Pauline 
(Hoge) Brown, was born in ^^^•the county, Virginia. He followed the 
i-ocation of a teacher. At the outbreak of the civil war he enlisted as a 
private in the Twenty-fourth Virginia Infantry, and became quartermas- 
ter, with the rank of lieutenant, serving with the Confederate troops 
throughout the entire war. He is a staunch Democrat in his political 
convictions, and in his younger days was a member of the state legisla- 
ture. He married Mary A. Lindsey, born in Carroll county, \^irginia, 
daughter of Henry Lindsey. They had five children : Robert Lee ; 
Charles Huntington : Elizabeth Gertrude ; William Henry ; and Douglas 
Walter, of whom further. 

(III) Douglas Walter Brown, son of Lieutenant Douglas B. and 
Mary A. (Lindsey) Brown, was born at Hillsville, A'irginia, August 11. 
iS/fi. He was educated in the city schools of Washington, D. C.. after 
which he studied law with Captain Frank S. Blair, in Wytheville, Vir- 
ginia, and with his uncle. Judge Randall Brown. He was admitted to 
the bar in 1897, coming to West Virginia in 1898, and settling in Mingo 
county. Here he practiced his profession for over ten years, becoming 
in 1909 a member of the firm of Campbell, Brown & Davis, at Hunting- 
ton. A sketch of Mr. Campbell, one of the members of this firm, 
appears elsewhere in this work. Mr. Brown is a member of the Hunting- 
ton chamber of commerce, and is a stockholder in various concerns. Mr. 
Brown is a Democrat in his political opinions : and he and his family are 
all attendants of the Presbyterian church. 

His wife, who was Mary G. Williams, born in Pomeroy, Ohio, is a 
daughter of John E. ^^^illiams. Mr. and Mrs. Brown have four chil- 



202 WEST VIRGINIA 

clren ; Walter Lindsey, born in Williamson : John E. W., born in Wil- 
liamson : Flora G., born in Huntington ; and Charlotte, born also in 
Huntington. 



John Barbee. the first member of this family of whom we 
IIARBEE have detinite inf'ji mation. settled in \'irginia. He was of 
French-Huguenot ancestry. His wife's name is unknown. 
Among his children was Russel, referred to below. 

(II) Russel, son of John Barbee, was a farmer, and a manufacturer 
and tanner of leather. He married Nancy Britten. Children : Gabriel ; 
Britton • Connor : William ; Andrew Russel, referred to below ; Samuel ; 

a daughter, married (first) Settle, and (second) Hardy; a 

daughter, married Bryan ; a daughter, married Humphreys, 

M. D. : a daughter, married Douglas: a daughter, married John 

Bean. 

(III) Dr. Andrew Russel Barbee, son of Russel and Nancy (Brit- 
ton) Barbee, graduated in 185 1 from the medical department of the 
University of Pennsylvania. In 1859, during the excitement of the 
John Brown raid, he organized a volunteer company of militia under 
"the laws of the state of \'irginia, and when the state seceded in 1861. 
the company enlisted in the Confederate service as Company A of the 
Twenty-second A'irginia Regiment, and he commanded it as captain. On 
May 2, 1862, he was promoted to be lieutenant-colonel of the same regi- 
ment and served in that capacity until retired for disability, he having 
been wounded in the battle of Dry Creek, August 26, 1863. When recov- 
ered of his wounds, he was assigned to duty in the medical department 
of the Confederate army and served until the close of the war. He mar- 
ried, in 1852, Margaret Ann Gillespie, daughter of Dr. John J. and Ann 
(Arthur) Thompson. Her father was born at Woodstock, Virginia, Oc- 
tober 2j, 1808, and died May 16, 1881 : he graduated in 1832 from the 
medical department of the University of Pennsylvania. He was a mem- 
ber of the Constitutional Convention of West Virginia in 1871-1872, and 
of the legislature of West Virginia in 1872-1873, and was the son of 
John and Ann (Gillespie) Thompson, and the grandson of William 
Thompson, born in 1724, and died in 1815, who married Elizabeth Hues- 
ton. Children of Andrew Russel and Margaret Ann Gillespie (Thomp- 
son ) Barbee : John ; Mary Blanche, married C. W. Harper : Kate Louise, 
married (first) John Andrew ?^IcCulloch. and (second) John Samuel 
Spencer : William ; Ann Rebecca, married O. E. Darnell : Hugh Arthur, 
referred to below. 

(IV) Dr. Hugh Arthur Barbee. son of Dr. Andrew Russel and 
Margaret Ann Gillespie (Thompson) Barbee, was born in Point Pleas- 
ant, West Virginia, January 31, 1874. He received his early education 
in the public schools and the high school at Point Pleasant, and the 
college preparatory school at Greenwood, Virginia. He then entered 
Princeton University at Princeton, New Jersey, and later took up the 
study of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, the same school in 
which his maternal grandfather. Dr. John J. Thompson, and his father 
also took their degrees. He graduated in 1895 with the degree of Doc- 
tor of Medicine, since which time he has been in active practice of his 
profession at Point Pleasant, \\'est Mrginia. He is a Republican in 
politics and has been a first lieutenant of the West A'irginia National 
Guard for one year, and since 1903 has been secretary of the West \'ir- 
ginia state board of health. He is a member of Minturn Lodge, .Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, a member of the Royal Arch ]\lasons, and 
of Franklin Commandery. Knights Templar. He is also a member of 



WEST VIRGINIA 203 

Beni Kedam Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of Xoble? uf the Mystic 
Shrine of Charleston, and of the Modern Woodmen of America, as well 
as a member of the Knights of Pythias and of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. He married in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, December 
18, 1901, Mary Esther, daughter of John and Caroline Mann (Lewis) 
Byers, born in Pittsburgh, December 2, 1875. Her father was a civil 
engineer, and his children were: Morton Lewis, born Alarch 22, 1867; 
Mary Esther, referred to above, and Maxwell Cunningham, born Febru- 
ary 2, 1877. Dr. and Mrs. Barbee have no children. 



The family of which Samuel Preston Smith, a representa- 
SMITH five citizen of Charleston, and sheriff of Kanawha county. 
West X'irginia, is a member, ranks among the old and highly 
honored families of the south, where they have resided for many years. 

(I) Thomas Preston Smith, the earliest known ancestor of the fam- 
ily, was a native of Virginia, in which state he lived a useful life, his 
death occurring when he was well advanced in years. He was a prosper- 
ous farmer at Louisa Court House, Louisa county, \'irginia. Prior to 
the war between the states he was a man of large estate, but the freeing 
of the slaves and the depreciation in the value of land in that section sud- 
denly deprived him of his resources. He married Lucy Barrett, a native 
of Greenbrier county, Virginia, died in Louisa county, same state. Chil- 
dren : Charles Ballard, of whom further; Frank P., a farmer of Louisa 
county, Mrginia; Frederick, deceased: Sallie (Mrs. Marshall), who re- 
sides in Mrginia : ;\lel \'irginia. deceased, was wife of Frederick Roddy, 
also deceased. 

(II) Charles Ballard, son of Thomas Preston and Lucy (Barrett) 
Smith, was born in Louisa county, Virginia, in 1847, died in 1892. In 
early life he came to Charleston, West Virginia, and was employed as a 
contractor with the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad for a number of years. 
He then studied law, was admitted to the bar, and attained an excellent 
reputation among his professional brethren. From 1884 to 1890 he served 
as circuit clerk, and later was elected prosecuting attorney of Kanawha 
county on the Republican ticket, serving in that capacity at the time of 
his death. He served throughout the entire period of the war between 
the states, in the Confederate army, attaining the rank of lieutenant, 
which fact demonstrates his. bravery and excellent qualifications as a sol- 
dier. He married Mary S. McConihay, a native of \'irginia, of Scotch- 
Irish ancestry, daughter of Samuel ]\IcConihay, whose death was the re- 
sult of an accident. Airs. Smith is living at the present time (1912) in 
Morgantown, West Virginia. She is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, to which her husband also belonged. Children: Mel \'ir- 
ginia, deceased : Samuel Preston, of whom further ; Walter F., of Charles- 
ton, connected with the Newbury Shoe Company: Linda S., wife of 
John William Field, of West Hamlin, West X'irginia ; Helen Barrett, 
wife of Charles H. Smith, of Morgantown. West \'irginia : Lillian, wife 
of George W. Statelier, of Black'sburg, \'irginia : Frederick AI., now at- 
tending the L'niversity at Alorgantown. 

(III) Samuel Preston, son of Charles Ballard and Mary S. (McConi- 
hay) Smith, was born in Kanawha county. West Mrginia, at what is 
now East Bank, March 21, 1875. He attended the public schools of 
Charleston and thus acquired a practical education. His first employment 
was as clerk in a country store at Peerless, Kanawha county, in which 
capacity he served for three years. He then accepted a clerkship in the 
office of the circuit clerk, Mr. Black, where he remained for two years, 
after which he filled a similar position in the office of the prosecuting at- 



204 WEST VIRGINIA 

torney, and later became chief clerk under E. W. Staunton, then county 
clerk, remaining for six years. From 1906 to 1909, inclusive, he was as- 
sistant bank commissioner, and in January, 1909, was elected sheriff, on 
the Republican ticket, his term to expire January i, 1913. This election 
made him also county treasurer. He is discharging the duties of this im- 
portant office in a manner which shows him to possess all the attributes of 
a successful office holder, his administration being noted for efficiency in 
every detail. In addition to his public duties, he is extensively interested 
in oil and real estate in various counties as well as locally. This brief 
resume of Sheriff' Smith's many spheres of activity proves that he is a 
man of ability and enterprise, a leading factor in all that pertains to the 
growth and development of his section of the state. 

Mr. Smith married, in Jefferson county. West Virginia, June 19, 1902, 
Amelia Deavenport ^Manning, a native of Jefferson county. West Vir- 
ginia, daughter of Captain Frank Jack and Laura A. Manning, the form- 
er of whom, now deceased, was a captain in the Confederate army, and 
the latter is now living at Charleston, West Virginia. She is also a 
granddaughter of Captain Manning, of the United States navy, who was 
commander of the vessel that carried the first United States minister to 
Russia. Mr. and ]^Irs. Smith have one child, Samuel Preston Jr., born 
April 19, 1912. ^Irs. Smith is a member of the Episcopal church. 



Michael Fadeley, the founder of this family came from 
FADELEY Germany and landed in Virginia. His wife's name is 
unknown. Among his children was John, referred to 
below. 

(II) John, son of Michael Fadeley, was a farmer, a Republican in 
politics and a Methodist in religious faith. He inarried Rebecca Fultz, 
who lived in the Shenandoah Valley near Newmarket, Virginia, until 
1845, when they moved to Mason county. Children: Joshua, deceased: 
IVIoses, deceased ; George, deceased ; Mary ; Isaac ; Lydia ; John, served 
in the Federal army, Company I, Thirteenth Virginia Infantry, in the 
civil war, and died from fever in a Federal army hospital in Claraville, 
Maryland : Eli, referred to below. 

(III) EH, son of John and Rebecca (Fultz) Fadeley, married Delana 

Jane, daughter of Marshall Baker and (Milligan) Tucker. Child: 

John Melvin, referred to below. 

(lA^) Dr. John Melvin Fadeley, son of Eli and Delana Jane (Tucker) 
Fadeley, was born December 28, 1877 in Wyoma, W^est Virginia. He 
received his early education in the public schools of Mason county and 
the Point Pleasant High School, and in May, 1905, graduated from the 
Maryland Medical College at Baltimore, Maryland, and since that time 
has been associated with Dr. E. J. Mossman in the practice of medicine 
in Point Pleasant. West Virginia. He was city health officer 1910-1911. 
and has been coroner of Mason county since 1909. He is a member of 
the Point Pleasant Band, the Junior Order United American Mechanics ; 
the Knights of the IMaccabees^ and the Mason County Medical Society. 

He married, August 2, 1902, at Columbus, Ohio, Tillie J., daughter 
of Elias and Martha (Cunningham) Hoft'man. 



The founders of this family in America were ^lichael 
DOWER and Patrick Francis Dower, who emigrated from Ireland. 

Michael settled in Brooklyn, New York. Patrick Francis 
Dower was born in Ireland in 1840. He settled in Mason county, West 
Virginia, and was a farmer ; he was a Roman Catholic in religion and a 



WEST VIRGINIA 205 

Democrat in politics. He married, March 5. 1867, Alaria Theresa, 
daughter of John J. and Annie jM. (McNanee) Weaver, who was born in 
1850, in Mason county. West Virginia. Children: John James, referred 
to below; George W. : [Margaret A.; Mary E. : Patrick \'. : Stanton M.; 
Susan T., now deceased; Albert A.; Jerome A.; Agnes T. ; Francis M.; 
Josephine E. ; Michael, now deceased. 

(II) John James, son of Patrick Francis and Maria Theresa (Weav- 
er) Dower, was born February 8. 1868, in Hartford, }iIason county, 
West Virginia. He received his early education in the public schools and 
has had a merchandise store at Graham, West Virginia, since he was 
twenty years of age. He was railroad agent at Graham from 1890 to 
1905, and at the same time agent for the Adams Express Company. He 
left Graham, January i, 1905, and went to Parkersburg, West A'irginia, 
as salesman for the Starr Grocery Company, resigning to go to Letart to 
assist in managing the store of W. E. Hayman & Company, Mr. Hay- 
man being engaged in a large lumber deal. He remained for one year 
and then entered the wholesale grocery business in Point Pleasant, be- 
coming stockholder and a member of the firm. He was appointed trav- 
elling salesman, and in 1912 was promoted to vice-president and general 
manager, which position he now holds. He was postmaster at Graham 
for four years during Cleveland's second administration, and was assist- 
ant postmaster for sixteen years. He was raised a JMason in Clifton 
Lodge, No. 23, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, at Mason city, and 
Point Pleasant Chapter, No. 7, Royal Arch Masons, also Franklin Com- 
mandery, No. 17, Knights Templar, of Point Pleasant, and is a member of 
Evergreen Lodge, No. 137, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of Let- 
art, West Virginia. 

He married, June 7, 1899, at Letart, \\"est Mrginia, Carrie Belva, 
daughter of Algernon and Ellen (Harte) Luce, who was born Decem- 
ber ID. 1880. Her father was a farmer and served with the Pennsyl- 
vania troops for four years during the civil war. Children of John 
James and Carrie Belva (Luce) Dower: Theresa Averil, born May 21, 
1900; Ellen M., March 23, 1902; Mary Florence, November 11, 1906; 
John James, Jr., May 15, 1908, and Opal Louise, born September 14, 
1912. 



John 'S\. [NlcCulloch, the first member of this family 
McCULLOCH of whom we have definite information was a farmer 

on the Kanawha river section about five miles above 
Point Pleasant. He married Mary Bryan. Children: ]\Iaggie; ?\lary; 
Sarah ; John Andrew, referred to below ; Charles E. 

(II) John Andrew, son of John M. and Mary (Bryan) IMcCuUoch, 
was a farmer, and died in July, 1882. He married Kate Louise, daughter of 
Dr. Andrew Russel and ^largaret Ann Gillespie (Thompson) Barbee. 
Children : John Frederick, born November 8, 1878 ; Charles Russel. re- 
ferred to below. 

(III) Charles Russel, son of John .Andrew and Kate Louise (Bar- 
bee) McCulloch. was born in Southside, Mercer county. \\^est \'irginia, 
January 25, 1880. He received his early education in the public schools 
at Point Pleasant, West Virginia, and attended the Episcopal high school 
at Alexandria, Virginia, from 1893 to 1897, later attending the West 
Virginia University. LTpon leaving this institution he took a course at 
the Eastman Business College, Poughkeepsie, New York, graduating 
from this institution about 1899. He then entered the employ of the 
Standard Oil Company at Charleston. West A'irginia, remaining with 
them for several vears, when he removed to Point Pleasant and entered 



20b WEST VIRGINIA 

the West Virginia Malleable Iron Company, continuing with them up 
to the present time, being now secretary and treasurer of the company. 
He is an Episcopalian in religion, and is a member of the Greek letter fra- 
ternity, Chi Sigma Chi. of the Episcopal high school of .Alexandria, and 
he is also a member of Huntington Lodge, No. 313, Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. 

He married, in Point Pleasant, September 26, 1906. Neida Chancellor, 
daughter of Charles Clendenin and Catherine (Parsons) Bowyer, born 
at Point Pleasant, September 24, 1884. Her father is cashier of the 
Merchants National Bank, and had two children, Irene K., born in 1881, 
and Neida Chancellor, referred to above. Child of Charles Ru.ssel and 
Neida Chancellor ( Bowyer) McCulloch : Samuel Bowyer, born May 
14. 1909- 



John Hutchinson, first member of this family of 
HUTCHINSON whom we have definite information, was born in 
1755. His ancestor emigrated from Scotland be- 
tween 1725 and 1740, and settled first in Pennsylvania, later removing to 
Augusta county, Virginia. He served in the revolutionary war and was 
with General Washington at Valley Forge. He was a Presbyterian in 
religion and a Whig in politics, and served in the Virginia legislature 
from Greenbrier county, during his term being instrumental in having 
Monroe county set off from Greenbrier county. After the formation 
of Monroe county, Mr. Hutchinson was appointed clerk of the courts, 
which position remained in his family for three generations until after 
the civil war. At his death, his son John was thus appointed, serving 
many years, and his grandson George W. Hutchinson held the office un- 
til 1865. The name of his wife is unknown. Among his children was 
Isaac, referred to below. 

(II) Isaac, son of John Hutchinson, was born in Augusta county, 
Virginia, September 13, 1781. He was a farmer, and lived near the town 
of Union. Virginia, now West Virginia. He was a Whig in politics and 
a Presbyterian in religion. He married, November 10, 1807, Margaret 
Hutchinson, his cousin, of .A.ugusta county, Virginia. Children : George 
W., born May 23, 1816: John Lewis, of whom further. 

' (III) John Lewis, son of Isaac and Margaret (Hutchinson) Hut- 
chinson, was born in Union, Monroe county, Virginia. December 26, 
1821. He was a merchant and at the outbreak of the civil war, enlisted 
as a member of the Monroe Artillery, but on account of injury to his 
eyes was transferred to the quartermaster's department, in which he 
served until the close of the war. He then took charge of the Red River 
Tobacco Warehouse at Clarksville, Tennessee, and was later in the tobac- 
co business in Kentucky and in Indiana, spending the last fifteen years 
of his life at Henderson, West Virginia. He married. May 29, 1855, 
Mary Ella, daughter of John Givens Henderson, of Henderson, Mason 
county. West Virginia, born May, 1832. Her father's ancestors emi- 
grated from Scotland in the early part of the eighteenth century, and fin- 
ally settled at the mouth of the Kanawha river upon land granted in 1785 
to her great-grandfather. Colonel John Henderson, of Greenbrier county 
for services in the Indian wars, which land still remains in the possession 
of the family. John Givens Henderson was a farmer. He was deputy 
sheriff under his uncle John Henderson, and enlisted under General 
Steenbergen to serve in the war of 1812. Children of John Lewis and 
Mary Ella (Henderson) Hutchinson : Charles Andrew, born March 23, 
1856, now living in Pullman, Michigan ; Robert Bruce Lee, of whom 
further; Margaret, January 15, 1862, died in infancy: Mary Eliza, Sep- 





^^^^ 



WEST VIRGINIA 207 

tember 19, 1865, died in infancy; Isaac Sterling, April 25, 1868, died 
aged twenty years ; John Henderson, of whom further. 

( IVjRobert Bruce Lee, son of John Lewis and Mary Ella (Henderson) 
Hutchinson, was born in L'nion, Monroe county, West X'irginia, Septem- 
ber 28, 1858. He was educated in the common schools and attended the 
West Virginia State L'niversity ; then engaged in farming, and devoted 
a considerable time to the culture of fruit. For the past twenty years he 
has been engaged in real estate and insurance business. He is assistant 
secretary and treasurer of the Point Pleasant Trust Company, and han- 
dles the two latter lines for this county. He is a Democrat in poHtics, 
and was appointed by Governor Glasscock, a member of Mason County 
Board of Review ' and Equalization ; is a member of Point Pleasant 
Lodge, No. ^2, Independent Order of Odd Fellows: is also a member of 
the Presbyterian church. 

(IV) John Henderson, son of John Lewis and ^lary Ella (Hender- 
son) Hutchinson, was born at Henderson, Mason county, \\'est Mrgmia, 
July 26, 1871. He received his early education in the Point Pleasant, 
West \'irginia, schools and Dinwiddie school at Greenwood, Mrginia, and 
later graduated from Dunsmore Business College at Staunton, Mrginia. 
He entered the brokerage and insurance business in Chicago, Illinois, and 
later removed to Point Pleasant, where he is now bookkeeper and assist- 
ant manager of the Point Pleasant Water and Light Company. He is a 
Presbyterian in religion and a Democrat in politics, and is a member of 
Minturn Lodge, No. 19, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons ; secretary of 
Point Pleasant Chapter, No. 7, Royal Arch Masons ; and recorder of 
Franklin Commanderv, No. 17, Knights Templar. He is also a member 
of the Point Pleasant' Golf Club. 



The ancestors of this family emigrated to X'irginia from 
BEALE England in 1617. One of the progenitors of the family in 

West Virginia was William Beale, a farmer, who was born 
in Charleston, Kanawha county, in the >-ear 1820. He was a well to do 
merchant and justice of the peace, beside being a slaveholder; at the 
outbreak of the civil war, however, he remained neutral. Dr. A. J. Beale, 
a half -uncle, enlisted in the Confederate cause, and fought throughout 
the entire war. An uncle of William Beale's mother, John Wilson, was 
another gallant soldier of earlier days, having been an officer in the revo- 
lutionary war and present at the battle of Yorktown when Cornwallis 
surrendered ; this fact stands recorded on the tombstone above his grave 
at the old homestead of the Beale family at Mercer's Bottom, now Apple 
Grove, in Mason county. West Virginia. William Beale died in 1872. 
He married Lavina Ann Moore, born in Mercer's Bottom, and by her 
had seven children of whom four are now living. Children; i. ]ilargaret, 
now Mrs. Charles Franklin, of New Orleans, Louisiana. 2. Charles 
Moore, of IMuskogee, Oklahoma. 3. Fannie, now Mrs. Reynolds, of 
New Orleans. 4. John Morgan, of whom further. The children who 
died were ; 5. Robert Wilson. ■ 6. Ella Augusta. 7. William Clinton. 
Mrs. William Beale survived her husband and married again, becoming 
the wife of Captain A. T. Suiter; she is now living at Guyandotte, at the 
age of seventy-eight years. 

(II) John Morgan, son of William and Lavina Ann (Moore) Beale, 
was born June 28, 1865, at the old homestead at IMercer's Bottom. Mason 
county. West Mrginia. He was only seven years of age when his father 
died, and accompanied his mother when she left the old farm and went 
to Proctorville, Ohio. Here he received his early education ; and at the 
conclusion of his studies in 1880, became a clerk in a general store in 



2o8 WEST VIRGINIA 

Proctorville. He continued thus for nearly three years, when he changed 
his occupation and for the following year taught school. In 1884 he came 
to Guyandotte, now Huntington, and for two more years managed a store ; 
he then, in 1886, established his present general store on his own account 
and under his own name, located on Main and Bridge streets. He 
proved very successful in this business, and in 1891, assisted in the organ- 
ization of the wholesale grocery firm of Sehon, Blake and Company, pur- 
chasing all of their goods but never relaxing in his attention to his own 
store. Mr. Beale is considerably interested in Huntington real estate, 
owning various properties thereabouts ; and for a brief period was en- 
gaged in the manufacture of cigars. Mr. Beale was instrumental in the 
organization of the "Guyandotte Centennial and Cabell County Home 
Coming Association." the object of which was defined as being the cele- 
bration of the one hundredth anniversary of the foundation of the town 
of Guyandotte : and Mr. Beale was elected president of the association. 
He is a prominent member of the Democratic party and twice received 
the nomination to the house of delegates of West Virginia ; twice also 
has he been a member of the council of Guyandotte. Mr. Beale is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South; and is also well 
known in Masonic circles. 

In the year 1890 Mr. Beale married, in Guyandotte, Miss Maggie E. 
McGinnis, the accomplished daughter of Dr. Allen B. McGinnis, who 
died in 1898. Her mother was Miss Elizabeth Thornburg, who died in 
191 1 at the age of seventy years. Mrs. Beale was born in Bland county. 
Virginia, and is descended from two of the most prominent and esteemed 
families of Cabell county. West Virginia ; her grandfathers, on both sides, 
served in the legislature and occupied other positions of trust and honor. 
Mrs. Beale, who is naturally endowed with a literary mind and possesses 
culture and refinement to a rare degree, is a member of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution, being entitled to this distinction by her an- 
cestry on both sides. 



Edward C. Bauer, the first of this name to make his home 
BxAUER in this country, was a native of Heilbroun, Germany, and 
came to this country about 1847 with his wife, Margaret 
Kattenbaum, who was also born in Heilbroun. By trade he was a shoe- 
maker, and both he and his wife were devoted adherents of the Reformed 
Church. They were the parents of seven sons, of whom but the eldest 
and youngest are now living: Robert, the owner of a stationery store in 
Cincinnati, and Edward Christian, of whom below. 

(II) Edward Christian, youngest son of Edward C. and Margaret 
(Kattenbaum) Bauer, was born August 10, 1865, in Cincinnnati, Ohio. 
He was educated in the public schools of his native city, and has supple- 
mented this early training by carefully selected reading in later life and 
by close observation. After leaving school he was engaged in various 
capacities in his native city in the meat and fish business, and obtained 
a thorough and practical knowledge of all its details. This thorough bus- 
iness equipment was about his only capital when he came to Charleston, 
West Virginia, in 1888, and it was with a borrowed capital of one hun- 
dred and fifty dollars that he laid the foundation of the magnificent or- 
ganization, known as the Bauer Meat and Fish Company, Nos. 28-30 
Capitol street, Charleston, of which he is the president and treasurer. 
The annual business done by this corporation is $125,000, and its scope is 
constantly increasing. The business was incorporated in the summer of 
1907, with William J. Buck as vice-president and one of the directors, 
and G. R. Edgar as secretary, both considered among the most practical 






"^.^-^zZcy 



WEST VIRGINIA 209 

business men of the city. Only the finest stock of every kind is handled 
and they cater to the highest class of trade. It is mainly owing to the 
personal energy, and initiative of Mr. Bauer that the business has made 
the progress it has. as he is always ready to adopt new methods and 
ideas, if their practicability can be proven. He takes an active part in 
the public affairs of the city, giving his political support to the Republi- 
can party, and is a member of the Chamber of Commerce. His fraternal 
affiliations are with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and 
he is a charter member and treasurer of the local lodge. He and his 
wife are members of the Lutheran church. 

Mr. Bauer married Clara Bentz, who was born and educated in 
Charleston, West \'irginia. Her father. Henry Bentz, was born in Ger- 
many, and upon coming to America, made his home in Charleston. He 
married a German lady of that city, ami they have spent their lives there, 
where thev are members of the Lutheran church. 



Oratio L. Davis was born in Warren county, Pennsylvania, 
DAA'IS August 28, 1861. He was educated in his native county and, 

up to the age of thirty-one years, resided there. He then 
removed to the state of Indiana, where he learned the art of making car- 
bon black. Lentil 1903 he was closely indentified with this manvtfacture 
in Indiana, then removed to West Virginia, where he continued in the 
same field of industry. Mr. Davis established himself in business in 
Kanawha county. West Virginia, in 1907, being one of the organizers of 
the Eastern Carbon Black Company, which is located in Big Sandy Dis- 
trict, at Barren Creek, on Elk river. This company was incorporated 
with George H. Morrill. Jr,. of Norwood, Massachusetts, as president; 
Frederick P. Bagley, secretary and treasurer ; Oratio L. Davis, vice-pres- 
ident and general manager; and .Alton N. Davis, of Charleston, , West 
Virginia, as assistant manager. Mr. Davis is one of the very few men 
who have brought the art of manufacturing carbon black to a high state 
of perfection, and the corporation of which he is the manager supplies 
some of the most important concerns. In politics he is a staunch sup- 
porter of Democratic principles, and he and his wife are attendants at the 
Christian church. His fraternal affiliations are with the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of Pythias, and the Masonic Or- 
der, in which he has taken high rank, being a Knight Templar and a 
Noble of the Mystic Shrine. 

Mr. Davis married in Warren county, Pennsylvania, Louetta Reigh- 
ner. born in Clarion county in the same state. Children : Williemav, Carl 
A., Ralph P., and Jim T. ' 



The ancestry of Hon. Edward C. Colcord bears the usual 
COLCORD New England stamp of bravery in revolutionary times, 
the first of the Colcords coming from England to the 
colonies before the beginning of tlie war for independence. 

(I) John C. Colcord lived to a good old age in mountainous Vermont. 

( II) John, son of John C. Colcord, was also a native Vermonter, was 
a farmer all his life, and died aged nearly eighty years. He was inter- 
ested in politics both in his immediate vicinity and throughout the coun- 
try during the turbulent period preceding the civil war. At that time he 
was elected from Franklin county to the state legislature of \'ermont. 
and served one term. His wife was Sylvia Prudentia, born near Bing- 
hampton. New York, daughter of Eben E. Bowman. Her father was a 
prominent contractor, connected with the Erie railroad construction work. 

14 



2IO WEST VIRGINIA 

Mrs. Colcord is, like her husband of long-Uved stock, and still lives at the 
age of ninety years, enjoying the companionship of the family of one 
of her sons, with whom she resides. John Colcord and his wife had 
children: Edward Clark, of whom further: F. C, died when a young 
man: Herbert B., a farmer, still living on the old farm in Vermont: 
John C, living in Newburg. Oregon, where he is cashier of a bank; and 
Hannah, married Edward Libbv, living at Enosburg Falls, \^ermont. 

(Ill) Hon. Edward Clark Colcord, son of John and Sylvia P. (Bow- 
man) Colcord, was born September 4, 185 1, in Franklin county, Ver- 
mont. The public schools of his neighborhood in Vermont provided his 
early education ; but at the age of seventeen years he left home, and 
joined an engineering corps then going on an expedition into the north- 
west, which in 1868 was still an untracked wilderness so far as white 
men were concerned. The large forests clothing the mountains so thick- 
ly in the far west attracted his attention and he became actively interested 
in lumbering about 1872, and at the end of forty years is still connected 
with this line of trade. He temporarily resided at Eau Claire, Wiscon- 
sin, and later in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. In 1889 he came to St. 
Albans, West A^irginia, where he erected and still operates several mills. 
His operations on some of his timber property in Raleigh cnunty, are 
also important. Politically he has always expressed his belief in the 
platforms of the Republican party. His activity in political matters 
since coming to St. Albans has justified the body of voters in selecting 
him for one of their standard-bearers. Several municipal offices were 
filled by him to the very great satisfaction of public and officials before 
his election to the legislature. But by 1900 he had become a figure of 
state importance, and in that year he received his first term of member- 
ship in the West \'irginia house of delegates. This was followed in 
1902 by a four-year term in the senate of the state. In 1908 he was not 
permitted to drop out of politics, but was returned for another term to 
the house of delegates. .A man of strong and magnetic character, who 
has made a deep and permanent mark to the benefit of state government. 
Mr. Colcord impresses every one who meets him and wins their approba- 
tion and respect. Besides serving as delegate to the state legislature, he 
is at present also an energetic worker on the county board of equaliza- 
tion. Through his many business interests. Senator Colcord has become 
connected with various associations which belong to the social side of 
life. He is a member of the Lumbermen's Association. In Masonry he 
is connected with Washington Lodge, No. 58, Free and Accepted ^la- 
sons, at St. Albans ; Tyrian Chapter, No. 14, Royal Arch Masons, at 
Giarleston : Kanawha Commandery, Knights Templar, and St. Albans 
Lodge. No. 119, Inde]5endent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Hon. Edward C. Colcord married, in 1883, Mary Agnes McManigal. 
of Williamsport, Pennsylvania. They have had the following interesting 
family: I. Edward Clark (2), a draftsman, manager of the .Atkinson 
Foundry & Machine Shop in St. Albans ; married Gertrude Rock, and 
has one son: Edward Clark (3). 2. Francis C, a civil engineer, operat- 
ing in Raleigh county. West Virginia. 3. Sylvia Prudentia. 4. Eugene 
L., connected with an engineering corps busy in Raleigh county. 5. Alary 
Agnes, at school. 6. Tristram Coffin.- 7. William .\llison, also at school 
Senator Colcord's record is one to be eminently proud of, and his remark- 
able work in the two houses of the West A'irginia legislature is a mat- 
ter of record, well-known to all. 



WEST VIRGINIA 211 

Remington Breckinridge \\'hite, the first member of this fam- 
WHITE ily about whom we have definite information, was born in 

Freemansburg, West A/'irginia, March 20, 1854, and died 
in 1S83. He received his early education in the public schools and then 
W' irked upon his father's farm and assisted him in his extensive lumber 
hii^iness. In 1883 he removed to Doddridge county, West Virginia, 
where he purchased a farm and resided until his death. He married 
Melinda Ellen, daughter of Henry and Mary ( Sandy") Knight, of Knight, 
West Virginia. She married (second), in 1898, H. A. Cox, of West 
Union, West Virginia ; children : Frederick Raymond, Silas Lehman, and 
Arthur Glen. Children of Remington Breckenridge and Melinda Ellen 
(Knight) White: Wilson Henry Stout, born December i, 1881 ; Hor- 
ance Laban, mentioned below: ^lary Jane, born October 4, 1884: Ada 
Columbia, born May 3, 1886. 

(II) Horance Laban, son of Remington Breckinridge and ^lelinda 
Ellen (Knight) White, was born at Knight, Doddridge county, West 
Virginia, May 5, 1883. He received his early education in the public 
schools, and after pursuing a course of study at Salem College, West 
Virginia, he taught school for three years in Doddridge county. He then 
entered the State Normal School at Glenville, being graduated in 1904, 
after which he taught for two years in the graded and high schools of 
West Virginia, and then, with the purpose of preparing himself for 
higher work, he entered the West Virginia LTniversity at Morgantown, 
and graduated in June, 191 1, with the degree of A. B. While at the 
University he distinguished himself as an efificient debater and was 
elected president of the LTniversity Debating Association, and he was a 
member of the team that won the debating contest with the LTniversity 
of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania : also while at the university, during the 
absence of one of the professors, he was appointed as a substitute to the 
position for a period of six months. In 1909 he was appointed superin- 
tendent of schools for Williamstown, and served as such for two years, 
meanwhile, continuing his studies at the university. In 191 1 he was 
appointed superintendent of schools at Spencer, West Virginia, which 
position he now holds. He is a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fratern- 
ity : and the LTniversity of West Virginia, Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation, and also of the Young Men's Christian Association at Mari- 
etta. He was raised a Mason in Moriah Lodge, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of Spencer, West Virginia, and he is a member of Camp- 
bell Lodge, No. loi, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 



John D. Keister, the first member of this family about 

KEISTER whom we have definite information, was born at Oak 

Flat, now Brandywine. Pendleton county, Virginia, about 

1815. and died about 1896. Children: John D.. of whom further: Susan, 

Sarah, Polly and Jennie, (these four are deceased) : Margaret, Andrew 

J., and William C. 

(II) John D. (2), son of John D. (i) Keister. was born about 1843. 
He is living at Brandywine and is a farmer. In the civil war, he was a 
member of Company K, Sixty-second Regiment Confederate Army, un- 
der General Imboden. He was wounded in the battle of Berryville. \^ir- 
ginia. In the battle of Newmarket, A'irginia, his company went into bat- 
tle with forty-four men and came out with twenty-two. He served two 
terms as a member of the legislature of West Virginia. 1909-1911. He 
married Mary S., born at Fort Seybert, Pendleton county, Virginia, about 
1845, slaughter of Jacob Trumbo, a farmer who lived and died at Oak 
Flat, Pendleton county ; he was born about 1806, died about 1893. Chil- 



212 WEST VIRGINIA 

dren of Mr. and Mrs. Keister ; i. Walter Dyer, of whom further. 2. 
Emma, married J. M. Smith ; lives at South Branch, near Franklin, Pen- 
dleton county. West Virginia. 3. J. Jjownian, born in 1874, died at 
Huntington, Cabell county. West \irginia. in 1901. 4. Myra D., died in 
Richmond, Virginia, July 31, 191 1. in the hospital, where she was a nur^e 
5. Elmer L.. a farmer at Brandywine. living on the old homestead with 
his parents. 

(Ill) Waher Dyer, son of John D. (2) and Mary S. (Trumbo) 
Keister, was born at Oak Flat, Pendleton county, West Virginia, Novem- 
ber 24. 1867. Having attended the public schools of Pendleton county, 
he took a lausiness course in the commercial department of Kentucky 
University, at Lexington, Kentucky, and for five years he taught school 
in Pendleton county. In 1891 he came to Huntington, the place of his 
present residence. For the next six years, he was employed in a drug 
store, after which he entered the partnership of Keister & McCullough, 
but eighteen months later sold his interest to Mr. McCullough and took a 
position with Biggs-Watts & Company, wholesale drygoods dealers. He 
was with this firm three years, and then became bookkeeper for Sehon, 
Stevenson & Company, wholesale grocers. After two years in this posi- 
tion he, in 1903, entered the employment of Gwinn Brothers & Com- 
pany as bookkeeper. From January first to the following May he held 
this position ; the company was then re-organized, and he became treas- 
urer. Two years later he was also made secretary, and since 1908 he has 
held the triple position of secretary, treasurer and manager. Gwinn 
Brothers & Company are the leading merchant millers and dealers in 
grain and hay in the western part of West Virginia. Mr. Keister is a 
stockholder also in the Huntington Banking and Trust Company. He is 
owner of three important pieces of real estate. He is a member of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, and in political belief is a Democrat. 
Since 1895 he has been a member of the Central Christian Church at 
Huntington ; for fourteen years he has been treasurer and for ten years 
an elder of this church. He married in Huntington, in October, 1895. 
Lena, daughter of John H. and Virginia (Doss) Weaver, who was born 
in Ht-nry county, Virginia, May 30. 1871. Her mother died in her early 
childhood ; her father is living at Birmingham, Alabama, where he is a 
cimtractor and builder. Children : Mary Lee, born September 10, 1898 : 
Jessie Elizabeth, born July 19, 1901. 



Thomas Carpenter, the first member of this family 
CARPENTER about whom we have definite information, was born 
in Gallia county, Ohio, in October, 1796. He was a 
son of Jesse Carpenter and a nephew of Basil Wright, both of whom 
were soldiers in the war of 1812. By occupation he was a farmer, and in 
religion a Methodist Protestant. He married Sarah Wright, who was 
born in 1812. on Fork Lick of the Big Elk River, and died July 23, 1872, 
in Roane county. West \'"irginia. Children : John, married Bridget Rey- 
nolds and removed to New Brighton, Pennsylvania, where he died ; Eliza, 
married Hiram Chapman : James, mentioned below. 

(II) James, son of Thomas and Sarah (Wright) Carpenter, was 
born March 7, 1838, on Storer Fork of Rudy, in what was then Jackson 
county, \"irginia. \^nien six years of age he removed with his parents 
to Charles Fork of Spring Creek, six miles south of Spencer, West Vir- 
ginia, where he resided until his death in May, 1908. He served for 
eight years in Captain Donaldson's company in the Federal army. He 
was a Republican in politics and a Methodist Protestant in religion ; and 
he was a school trustee for a number of terms, and trustee of Hundley 



WEST VIRGINIA 213 

Chapel, of the Methodist Protestant church, at the time of his death. He 
married, December 2, 1857, Rachel, daughter of Robert R. and Elizabeth 
(Heinzman) Raines, born April 10, 1839, in Harper District, now Roane 
county. West \'irginia. Her father was born in Pendleton county, \^ir- 
ginia, and her mother in Lewis county, \'irginia. They settled in Jack- 
son, now Roane county, in 1838, where Mr. Raines died in 1863, and his 
wife died, March 6, 1882. Children of James and Rachel (Raines) Car- 
penter: Daniel W., born April 4, 1859, died October 23, 1862; Mary D., 
born September 8, i860; George B., born December 16, 1861 ; Martha P., 
born November 11, 1863, died March 10. 1910; Anna M., born October 
15, 1865; Barbara E., born N'ovember 27, 1867; John B., born May 26, 
1870: Sarah E., born December 29, 1872; Thomas D., born June 17, 
1875, now deceased; Harvey H.. born January 15, 1878; Eliza R., born 
March 17, 1880; and Walter Audas, mentioned below. 

(Ill) Walter Audas, son of James and Rachel (Raines) Carpenter, 
was born near Spencer, West \'irginia, January 31, 1884. He obtained 
his early education in the public schools, and in June, 1901, graduated 
from the Spencer Summer Normal School with the highest grade of his 
class, of which he was president. He was awarded at the time a gold 
medal with first honors in debate. In the same year he received a first 
grade certificate to teach school, and in 1905 received a state certificate, 
having made one of the highest grades in the state. He taught school for 
many years, commencing when seventeen years of age, and teaching for 
six terms near Spencer, and two months at a private school nearby ; and 
in 1905 he was made secretary of the board of education of Spencer dis- 
trict. He was then appointed principal of the Dingess graded school at 
Dingess, ]\Iingo county. West \'irginia. In 1908 he was ofi^ered the same 
position at an increased salary, but he declined in order to become a candi- 
date for the office of clerk of the county court of Roane county, and after 
making a vigorous and surprising campaign, on June 6, 1908, he won the 
nomination over three opponents by a handsome majority. He was 
elected on November 8, 1908. after one of the hardest fought political 
battles ever waged in Roane county and assumed the office on January i, 
1909, enjoying the distinction of being the youngest county clerk in West 
Mrginia. In 1912 he was elected a delegate to the state convention to 
select delegates to the National Convention at Chicago, instructed for 
Roosevelt. He is a member of Spencer Lodge, No. 55, Knights of 
Pythias, of which he has been chancellor, commander, and is now a past 
chancellor and a member of the uniform rank. He is also a member of 
the Knights of Golden Eagles, and a past consul of the Modern Wood- 
men of America. Mr. Carpenter was active in the organization of the 
First National Bank of Spencer, having served as secretary of all the 
meetings up to and including its establishment, and was a stockholder and 
one of the directors of the bank. He became a member of the Protestant 
Methodist church when seventeen years of age, and was secretary for 
two vears of the Inter-denominational Sunday School Association of 
Spencer district ; he was for two years secretary of the Methodist Pro- 
testant conference of the Spencer circuit, and was a delegate to the an- 
nual conference at Morgantown in August, 1909. At present he is sec- 
retary of the quarterly conference of Spencer Station and is superintend- 
ent of the Sunday school at Spencer. He married, at Clarksburg. West 
Virginia. March 30, 1910, Mary Gertrude, daughter of William P. and 
Anna Brown (Rockhold) Pool, born January 13, 1891. near Spencer. 
Children; Ruth Elaine, born January 3, 191 1; William Audas, born Jan- 
uary 23, 1912. 



?I4 WEST VIRGINIA 

George Schwender. the founder of the family in 

SCHWENDER this country came from Germany. He settled at 

Martin's Ferry, West Virginia, and was a grape 

grower. His wife's name is unknown. Among his children was Michel 

George, referred to below. 

(II) Michel George, son of George Schvvender, was born at Mar- 
tin's Ferry, West \'irginia. He received his early education in the public 
schools, and later worked in his father's vineyard. When eighteen years 
of age he went to Wheeling, West A'irginia, and entered the employ of 
the Riverside Iron Works, remaining with the company for seventeen 
f^ears and by his industry and perseverance rose from the position of an 
;)rdinary laborer to be one of the most responsible employees of the 
company. In 1 891. he removed to Roane county, and took up farming, 
purchasing one hundred and sixty acres of land, and later one hundred 
md seventy acres more, all of which he brought to a high state of culti- 
fation. He was a member of the Amalgamated Iron Workers .Associa- 
tion, and took an active part in promoting the interests of the association. 
He married Mary Ann, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Jane Dowler, 
who was born in 1854. Children: i. Minnie, married James J. Harlow; 
children: Carlos, Pearl, Elsie May, Mabel. 2. William Wiley, referred 
to below. 3. Joseph Melvin, referred to below. 4. Maud May. 5. .\ddie 
Bell, married Alexander, son of Robert Short : child, Kenneth. 

(III) William Wiley, son of Michel George and Mary Ann (Dow- 
ler) Schwender, was born at Wheeling, West Virginia, August i, 1879. 
He received his early education in the public school at Triplett, West 
Virginia. When twenty-one years of age he became a commercial trav- 
eler, and two years afterwards settled in Spencer, West Virginia, where 
he entered the dry goods business, in which he is still engaged. He is a 
member of Spencer Lodge, No. 55, Knights of Pythias, has held every 
office in the lodge, and has represented the lodge in the Grand Lodge for 
the past two years. He is also a member of Moriah Lodge, No. 38, 
Ancient Free and Accepted iMasons. He married, November 2, 1904, 
Rebecca Lupton. daughter of John C. and A. A. (Simmons) Campbell. 
Children : William Campbell, born July 28, 1905 ; Paul George, born 
December 28, 1907: Harry Chambers: Ruth Elizabeth. 

(Ill) Joseph Melvin, son of Michel George and Mary .Ann (Dowler) 
Schwender, was born at \'\'heeling, A^'est Virginia, August 3, 1883. He 
received his early education in the public schools, and then taught school 
for two years, and entered the Mountain State Business College, apply- 
ing himself so diligently to his studies that he graduated from the insti- 
tution in four months. He then entered the employ of the Spencer Mill 
Company, resigning after four years service to accept an appointment in 
the Roane County Bank, which position he still holds. He is a Republi- 
can in politics, and is a member of the Knights of Pythias and of the 
Modern W'oodmen of America. He married, December 9, 1909, Olive 
Mae, daughter of John Nelson Robey of Spencer. No children. 



This familv is of ancient origin, antedating the Elizabethan 
SIMMS period, and residing in Daventry. Northamptonshire, Eng- 
land. The first of this familyof whom record is made was the 
Earl of Northampton, who was granted a coat-of-arms in 1592. The 
name of the family at this time was variously spelled, Symes, Symmes 
and Simms. The progenitor of this family in .America was Sir John 
Simms, who settled at an early date in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 
the churchyard of St. Peter's Church in that city is a gravestone bearing 
the Simms coat-of-arms. The name of the familv in .America is various- 



WEST VIRGINIA 215 

1\ >pelled, Sims and Simms. Descendants of Sir John Simms settled in 
Maryland, \'irginia. West A'irginia and other southern states, taking a 
prominent part in the development of their various communities. A 
branch of this family settled on the Kanawha river in ^^'est Virginia. 
The family in West Virginia has been conspicuous for its adherence to 
the church and for its patriotism. 

(I) P. William Simms. a descendant of the \"irginia branch of the 
family, was born on the Gauley river. West \'irginia, February 2, 1804. 
and died in 1895. He was a farmer and blacksmith. He married Eliza- 
beth Dorsey, who was born in Greenbrier county, West Mrginia. Eight 
children were born to them, of whom four died young: the surviving chil- 
dren are : Franklin Pilcher, mentioned below ; Melitus, now a farmer, re- 
sides in Nicholas county. West Virginia : John D.. a farmer, resides near 
Summerville, West \'irginia : William B., a farmer, resides in Nicholas 
county. 

(II) Franklin Pilcher, son of P. William and Elizabeth (Dorsey) 
Simms. was born near Delva on the Gauley river. West \'irginia, in 183 1. 
He engaged extensively in farming until a few years ago, when he retired 
from active labor and went to live.with his son, Meredith J. Simms, but 
he still owns a farm in Nicholas county. West Virginia. He .married 
Eliza Simms born in 1845, died October 2, igio. Thirteen children were 
born to them, of whom five died young: the surviving children are: Alere- 
dith J., mentioned below: Lawrence: Dora, now ]\Irs. Hendrick, resides 
in Greenbrier county. West \'irginia : Emma, now ]\Irs. Hill, resides in 
Nicholas county, ^^' est Mrginia ; Charles, resides in Tennessee : Homer, 
resides in Nicholas county. West Virginia : Letha, resides in ;\Iontgomery, 
^^'est Virginia and Robert, resides in Tennessee. 

(III) Meredith J., son of Franklin Pilcher and Eliza Simms, was 
born on a farm near Sims, Nicholas county, \\'est A'irginia, April g, 18^12. 
In 1873 h^ removed to Fayette county. West Virginia, where he attended 
the public schools. In 1886 he went to Montgomery, West Virginia, 
where he secured a position as bookkeeper for the Straugham Coal Com- 
pany. This position he held until 1889, when he was appointed postmas- 
ter by President Harrison, retaining the office four years and was subse- 
quently for ten years engaged as a wholesale bottler : he also engaged in 
the mercantile business several years, meeting with marked success. He 
is president of the Montgomery & Cannelton Bridge Company, which 
erected the fine bridge at Alontgomery, costing $90,000. He has been 
a director of the Montgomery National Bank four years, and its presi- 
dent two years. This bank was established in 1901 with a capital of 
$25,000 which was later increased to $75,000. Its total deposits in June, 
1912, were $310,963.11. S. H. ^Montgomery served as its first president. 
The present officers of the bank are : M. J. Simms, president ; J. \V. 
Montgomery and S. H. Montgomery, vice-presidents : R. L. Matthews, 
cashier: A. G. Newby, assistant cashier: and O. J. Henderson, chairman 
of the board of directors. Robert L. Matthews, cashier of this bank, is 
a son of Levi W. Alatthews. Air. Simms is a Republican in politics and 
was delegate to the national Republican convention which nominated 
^^'illiam McKinley for president in 1896, and William H. Taft in 1912. 
He is now serving his fourth term as county commissioner, making a to- 
tal service of twenty-four years, the longest time the office has been held 
in the state. He is a member of the Presbyterian church. 

He was married in St. .\lbans. West \'irginia. January 3, 1887, to 
.\lwilda, daughter of William and Mary (DeFore) Ramson. Five chil- 
dren have been born to them : Forrest DeFore, December 29, 1887 : Ira 
Ramson. December 22. 1889, resides in Texas: Mary Alabel, born in 
1891, died September 20, 1894: Maud Meredith. May 13, 1895: and 



2i6 WEST \'IRGIX1A 

Agnes Eugene, June 28. 1897. ?\lrs. Simnis was liorn in Jackscjn county, 
West Virginia, December 2^5, 1860. Her father is of English descent and 
her mother's family is of Huguenot stock. 



This is a family of English descent, prominent in the 
NL'TTER pioneer days of Harrison county. Mrginia. Three fami- 
lies of this name, or branches of the one family, have set- 
tled in various parts of Ritchie county. 

(I) Thomas Nutter, the first member of this family about whom we 
have definite information (perhaps the immigrant), entered his home- 
stead of four hundred acres, about two miles from Clarksburg, on the 
west side of Elk creek, and on the road to Buckhannon, in 1775, and pre- 
empted one thousand acres adjoining. On this tract was built Nutter's 
fort, which was a harbor of refuge for the neighbors in the Indian wars, 
and in these wars he was personally active. The census of 1782 shows 
that he then had eight children. Some of his descendants are still in Har- 
rison county ; they have spread to other West \'irginian counties and to 
other states. The following Nutter marriages were probably among his 
children: Rachel, married. May 4. 1785, Isaac Richards; Christopher, 
married, June 28, 1785, Rebecca Moorehead : John, probably the John 
of whom further, married, October 2. 1786. Elizabeth Cottrill ; Mary, 
married, August 31, 1790, Richard Hall. 

(II) John, son of Thomas Nutter, was the father of Antlrew. of 
whom further, and of John. 

(HI) Andrew, son of John and, probably, Elizabeth (Cottrill) Nut- 
ter, was born in Harrison county, Virginia, about 1793. At the age of 
seventeen he enlisted, and he saw service in the war of 181 2. having part 
in the engagement of Fort Defiance on the Maumee river. He married 
Malinda, daughter of \^'illiam and Anna (Douglass) Willis. Children: 

Willis, of whom further ; John ; Andrew ; Julia, married ^^'arren : 

Nancy, married — ■ — Hart; Malinda. married Hart; Elizabeth, 

married Hart ; Sarah, married Watson. 

(lA^) Willis, son of Andrew and Alalinda (Willis) Nutter, was born 
in Doddridge county, Virginia. He married Julia Richards, of Harri- 
son county, Mrginia. Child, Thomas E., of whom further. 

(V) Thomas E.. son of Willis and Julia (Richards) Nutter, was 
born in Doddridge county, \'irginia, died in 1886. He was in his main 
occupation a farmer, but for a time was engaged in mercantile business. 
In the civil war he served his country as a member of the Sixth Regi- 
ment West Virginia \'olunteer Infantry. He married Sarah A., daugh- 
ter of Jacob and Elizabeth (A'angrift) Allender, of Ritchie county. Chil- 
dren: Okey E., of wdiom further; Emma F.. married Lee Prnnty ; Lola 
G., married Benjamin Wilson; Elizabeth H.. married F. F. Ross; Eva 
M., married Porter Tharp. 

{\"l) (^key E., son of Thomas E. and Sarah A. (Allender) Nutter, 
was 1)1 irn at \\'hite Oak, Ritchie county. West Virginia, June 17, 1875. 
He was educated in the public schools and in the business college at 
Parkersburg. from which he was graduated September 17, 1897. For 
eight terms thereafter he taught school. In 1902 he was one of three 
contestants for the Republican nomination for the circuit clerkship, and 
was defeated in a very close contest, receiving every vote in his home pre- 
cinct save one. In 1903 he was made cashier of the state bank at Pull- 
man, Ritchie county. In 1904 he was elected as sheriff of his county, 
and he entered on tln' <hities of this office, January i. 1903. and served 
four years. He was tlie \. mngest man who had ever held die shrievalty 
in this countv. but his administration was remarkable for executive aliil- 



WEST A'IRGIXIA 217 

ity and efficiency. At the end of his term he was able immediately to 
turn over to his successor the whole amount due the various county and 
district funds. According to the tax commissioner none of the fifty-five 
sherififs of the state had a better record in general than "Sir. Nutter, and 
from the standpoint of the collecting of taxes and the returning of delin- 
quents, his record was the best of them all. At the expiration of his term 
he bought a farm of seven hundred acres, and he lived on this for one 
year. He then moved to Pennsboro. Ritchie county. West Virginia, and 
since January, igio. he has been president of the First National Bank at 
this place. He is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America and of 
the Maccabees. Air. Nutter married. August 5, 1898, Ada. daughter of 
John and Henrietta Miller. Children : Darrell, born July 6. 1899: Mabel, 
July 6, 1903. 



It will be noted that this old Mrginian family has been 
WEEKLEY settled for a century in Tyler county, now West Vir- 
ginia, and that it has branched from that county into 
Ritchie county ; but another branch of the family has been established in 
Ritchie county since the middle of the last century, also having come 
hither from Tyler county. The family is of English origin. 

(I) Jacob Weekley, the first member of this family about whom we 
have definite information, was born in Fauquier county, Virginia. From 
that county he came to Tyler county, where he was a farmer, and erected 
the first brick building in the county. For a time he lived at Middle Island, 

afterward at Arnold's creek. He married Williamson. Children : 

Daniel, of whom further; Alartha. Caroline. Eliza. Isaiah, John, William 
AI., George W.. Malinda. 

(II) Daniel, son of Jacob and (Williamson) \\'eekley, was born 

in Tyler county, A'irginia, Alay 4, 1826, died August 24, 1909. All his 
life he was a farmer and dealer in stock, and he was one of the repre- 
sentative men of his town : but he sold his farm, and moved to Salem, 
Harrison county. West A'irginia. where he lived a retired life to the time 
of his death. He was a member and one of the staunch supporters of 
the United Brethren church. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Alartha Pratt, who died Alarch 27, 1897. Children: 1. AA'il- 
liam AI.. minister of the United Brethren church, now officiating in Kan- 
sas City, Alissouri. 2. Sarah E.. married Clay Heckert. 3. Alartha. de- 
ceased. 4. Ellen, deceased. 5. Laura C, married Frank Wildwood. 
6. George AI.. of whom further. 7. Agnes, married J. R. Grove. 8. 
Alartin Luther, minister of the Lmited Brethren church, and now preach- 
ing in New York City. 9. ]\Iilton L.. assistant cashier of the Citizens' 
National Bank, Pennsboro, West A'irginia. 10. Effie AI.. married Alvin 
Davis, of Charleston, AA^est A'irginia. 

(III) George AI.. son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Pratt) AVeekley, 
was born in Tyler county. AA'est A'irginia, December 26, 1863. He 
was educated in the public schools and in the Classical School Academy at 
Buckhannon, West A'irginia, beiiig graduated from this institution in 
1884. In the fall of the same year he went to Kansas and there he taught 
school for eighteen months. A short stay in Nebraska followed, and from 
that state Air. Weekley went to Alontana, where he remained for six 
years on a cattle ranch. Then he returned to his native state, and for two 
vears he had the charge of his father's farm. Having sold this farm, lie 
came to Pennsboro, Ritchie countv. West A'irginia, and organized the 
Pennsboro Grocery Company, the first wholesale grocery firm at Penns- 
boro. He was manager of their business for four years, but in 11)05 t'ls 
store was destroved bv fire. For about one vear Air. \\'eeklcv then had 



2i8 WEST MRGINIA 

charge of the Pennsboro Mill «S: Feed Company. In 1905 he accepted the 
position of assistant cashier in the Citizens' National Bank, at Pennsbord. 
and in 191 1 he was advanced to the position of cashier. He married, 
July 8. 1902. ]\Iyrtle. daughter of Peniah and Sophronia (Cunningham) 
be])ue. Child. Paul K., born May 2, 1903. 



This very common name, found in all parts of the coun- 
\MLSUX try, is not the exclusive possession of a single family, but 

is the common surname of many quite distinct families. 
Among those bearing tliis name in tlie United States many have won 
distinction in religious, civil, and military affairs. The present family 
is of the Scotch-Irish stock. 

( I ) William Wilson, the founder of this family, was born in Ire- 
land, November 16, 1722, and died in Shenandoah county, Virginia, June 
12, 1801. He was the son of Davis Wilson, and grandson of David Davis 
Wilson, of Scotland. About 1755 he came to America and settled in 
Shenandoah county. Virginia. He married Elizabeth Blackburn, born 
in Ireland, February 2, 1725, died in Shenandoah county, Virginia, Sep- 
tember 2, 1806. Children: i. Benjamin, born November 30, 1747, dicl 
January 2, 1828 : he was a man of great prominence, soldier of the revolu- 
tion, member of the A'irginia legislature, delegate to the convention whicli 
ratified the constitution of the United States; married (first) Septem- 
ber 4, 1770, Anne Ruddel, (second) December 15, 1795, Phebe David- 
son; was the father of thirty children. 2. Archibald, born June 13, 1749. 
3. David, born September 8, 1751. 4. William, born February 8, 1754. 
5. John, of whom further. 6. Mdses. Ijcirn May I. 1758, died in 1760. 7. 
Aloses, born April 8. 1761. 8. James, born July 25, 1763. 9. Solomon, 
born luly 2, 1766. 10. Elizabeth, twin of Si:ilomon. 11. Margaret, born 
April" 7, 1768. 

(II) John, son of William and Elizabeth (Blackburn) Wilson, was 
born in Shenandoah county, Virginia, April 12, 1756, died at Beverly, 
Randolph county, Virginia. He was the oldest of the children born in 
America. At the age of eighteen he was engaged in a desperate Indian 
fight at Wheeling, in which he was severely wounded. His home was 
at Beverly, where he served for more than thirty years as clerk of the 
county court. He married Mary Wathin. Children: i. Archibald, of 
whom further. 2. John, married Charlotte Dotson. 3. Dorcas, married 
Augustus IModisette. 4. Blackburn. 5. Temperance, married Moses 
Thompson. 6. Mary, married G. W. Shinn. 

(III) Archibald, son of John and ^lary (Wathin) Wilson, was 
born in Randolph county, A'irginia, near Beverly, in 1801, died in Ritchie 
county. West A'irginia, in 1866. In 1828 he came from Harrison county, 
Virginia (now Taylor county. West Virginia), and settled in Ritchie 
county near Oxford : ten years later he moved to the Edmund Taylor 
farm, at the mouth of Lynn Camp, on the north fork of Hughes river, 
and there he lived the remainder of his days. He was a man of marked 
ability, and one of the prominent citizens and leaders of his time. For a 
time he taught school, and he was the first county surveyor of Ritchie 
county. When the new state was formed and its first constitutional con- 
vention was held, he was among its members, and it was he who first sug- 
gested that the counties be divided into districts for educational pur- 
poses ; he was the author of a resolution to this end, and a provision of 
this character, though perhaps not that suggested by him, was made a 
part of the constitution of the state. He was interested in the erection 
of the United Brethren church at Pennsboro, Ritchie county, and both 
he and his wife are buried in its cemetery. He married Elizabeth, daugh- 



WEST VIRGINIA 219 

ter of Barton Hudkins, of Simpson's Creek, Taylor countv, \'irginia, 
who was born about 1809, died in 1892. Children: i. H. X., deceased. 

2. A. B., deceased. 3. John Marshall, born September 16, 1827 ; mar- 
ried Rebecca Clayton ; twelve children, all of whom lived to manhood 
and womanhood. 4. Barton H., deceased. 5. Leroy P.. of whom further. 
6. Temperance, married T. W. Ireland. 7. Josephine, married Jesse Ham- 
mond. 8. W. S. 9. Eveline, married Smith Bee. 10. Love, married 
Alexander Pruntv. 11. Elizabeth, deceased; married C. '\l. Collins. 12. 
Bazil H. 

(IV) Leroy P.. son of Archibald and Elizabeth (Hudkins) Wilson, 
was born near Oxford, Ritchie county, \'irginia. September 18, 1834, 
died at Pennsboro, January 15, 1905. For a number of years after his 
marriage he resided on a farm on the Lorama railroad, but he afterward 
made his home at Pennsboro. His business interests were quite varied 
and in these he was successful, being one of the leading business men of 
his county. One of his chief characteristics was honesty, and he was a 
man of many friends. Beside being a farmer, he dealt in cattle and was 
also a clothing merchant. The first bank organized in the county had 
Mr. Wilson for its president, and at the time of his death he was vice- 
,)resident of the First National Bank at Pennsboro. He was a. member 
of the Free and Accepted ^Masons, the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, the Knights of Pythias, and the Improved Order of Red Men. In 
political life he was prominent, as a Democrat. He married, in Febru- 
ary, 1862. Virginia S., daughter of John and Zilpha Rinehart, of Boyd, 
Maryland. Children: i. Archie J. 2. ^linnie, married S. M. Hoff. 

3. James Boyd, of whom further. 4. Agnes. 5. John [Marshall. 6. Ben- 
jamin F. 7. Lee. 8. Okey J., physician, practicing in Oklahoma. 9. 
Anna, married Hall Hamilton. 10. Zilpha Boppell, graduate and Doctor 
of Philosophy of the Northwestern LTniversity, Evanston. Illinois. 11. 
Susan, married A. L. Davis. One other child, predeceased the father. 

(V) Dr. James Boyd Wilson, son of Leroy P. and Virginia S. (Rine- 
hart) Wilson, was born in Ritchie county, West A'irginia, near Penns- 
boro. February 11. 1866. After receiving a public school education, he 
spent two years in the medical department of ^Maryland College, but he 
finished his medical course at the L'^niversity of Louisville, from which 
he received, March 13, 1893, the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He came 
to Pennsboro. April 3 of the same year, and has practiced continuously at 
this place. His medical and surgical practice is now large. For twelve 
years he was surgeon for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company. He 
is examiner for several insurance companies, including the New York 
Life and the Northwestern. Dr. Wilson is a member of the Ritchie 
County Medical Society, of the West Virginia Medical Society, and of 
the American Medical Association. In 1896 he was medical examiner for 
pensions. Beside his medical activity, although he has not gone actively 
otherwise into business, he is a director of the First National Bank at 
Pennsboro. He is a member of the Ancient Free and .\ccepted Masons, 
the Knights Templar, the Knights of Pythias, and the Eastern Star, in 
which he was for three years fnaster of Harmony Lodge. Dr. Wilson 
married (first) October 26, 1893, Alice M., daughter of Melville and 
Cornelia Sherwood, of Baltimore, Maryland, who died October 24. 1908. 
Children: Melville Sherwood, born August 13, i8c)8; Ernest Leroy, Jan- 
uary 17, 1907. Dr. Wilson married (second) Februarv 24. 1913, ^Irs. 
Olive Bond. 



220 WEST MRGINIA 

This name is borne by many famiHes in all parts of the 
HILL United States. Richard, the first of this family of whom we 

have definite information, died about 1842. He is commonly 
believed to have come from North Carolina, soon after the revolutionary 
armies were disbanded, to the Greenbrier valley, Virginia. As a scout and 
vigilant defender of the forts he was one of the most distinguished of the 
pioneers of what is now Pocahontas county, West \'irginia. From the 
Indians he had many narrow and remarkable escapes. He settled on 
Hill's creek and entered a large body of land. He married Nancy, 
daughter of John and Alartha (Davis) McNeel. Children: Elizabeth, 
married John BrufTe}- ; Martha, married George Gillilan ; Margaret, mar- 
ried Samuel Gillilan ; Thomas, married Anne Cackley, was once asses- 
sor of the county, and had two sons : George and Richard Valentine, 
both Confederate soldiers, the former serving in Captain McNeel's cav- 
alry ; John, married Elizabeth Poage : Abraham, married Sallie Burr ; 
Isaac, married Jennie Edmiston ; William, married' Ann Ray : Joel, of 
whom further; George, married (first) Martha Edmiston, (second) Re- 
becca Cruikshanks. 

(II) Joel, son of Richard and Nancy ( AIcNeel) Hill, was born in 
Pocahontas county in 1807. He married Rebecca Livesay, of Green- 
brier county, \'irginia. Children : Mary Frances, married Sherman H. 
Clark : Ann Eliza, married Oscar Groves ; Martha, married Mansfield 
Groves ; Melinda, married Levi Gay : Caroline, married D. A. Peck ; 
Lucy, married William Curry; Allen Austin, was in the Confederate 
army, in Missouri, and was killed by sharpshooters; Richard Washing- 
ton, of whom further. 

(III) Richard Washington, snn of Joel and Rebecca (Livesay) Hill, 
was born in Pocahontas county, April 12, 1845. He lived formerly cm 
the iKiniestead, but is now living retired, with his wife, in Albemarle 
ciiunty, \'irginia. He has been a farmer and stockman. He has also been 
active in politics and is a Democrat. In 1896 he was elected sheriff of 
Pocahontas county and served in that capacity for four years. He mar- 
ried Margaret Watts, of Greenbrier county. Children : Frank Raymond, 
of whom further: Joel Forrest, born January 28, 1876; Glenna Rachel, 
now Mrs. W. D. Pence, born December 28, 1879: Anthony Bunger, born 
July I, 1884; and David Hendrix. born December 20, 1890. 

(IV) Frank Raymond, son of Richard Washington and ^Margaret 
(Watts) Hill, was born in Pocahontas county, October 20, 1873. He 
graduated in 1898 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, from Randolph- 
Macon College. During his college course, he was active in the Wash- 
ington Literary Society and he represented Randolph-Macon College in 
the intercollegiate oratorical contest of 1897. In 1900 he graduated in 
law from the L'niversity of Virginia and was admitted to the West \^ir- 
ginia bar on November 9, in that year. He has practiced in state and fed- 
eral courts, and is regarded as one of the best young lawyers in the state 
and as an excellent public prosecutor. He is a member of the Pocahontas 
County Bar Association and of the State Bar Association. In Masonry, 
he has held all the chairs in Pocahontas Blue Lodge ; and he is a member 
of the Chapter, Commandery, Temple and Shrine, at Charleston, West 
Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Hill are both active members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, South, she being a member of the Ladies' Aid and 
other societies. In 1906 he was elected on the Democratic ticket, prose- 
cuting attorney of Pocahontas county, to fill an unexpired term : in 190S 
he was re-elected for a full term; and now (1912) he is a candidate for 
another election to this office. He has regularly attended state, district, 
and other conventions of the Democratic party, and is influential in its 
councils. He served as deputy sheriff under his father. 



WEST A'lRGINIA 221 

Mr. Hill married Delia, daughter of A. M. and Lydia (McNeel) 
Edgar. Her father was born where Ronceverte, West Virginia, now 
stands. He was in "Stonewall" Jackson's brigade, and was captain of 
Company E, Twenty-seventh Virginia Infantry, Confederate army, at 
Cold Harbor he was taken prisoner. He is now a Pocahontas county 
stockman. Children of Frank Raymond and Delia (Edgar) Hill: Glenna 
Elizabeth, born March 3, 1902, Alargaret Lydia, born October 15, ICJ04; 
Francis Edgar, born July 3, 1906; Rebecca Watts, born (Dctober 23, 1908, 
and Martha Washington, born February 24, 1912. 



This name, also often spelled Sharpe, is a common name in 
SHARP the United States and not confined to any particular section. 
1 1 ) John Sharp, the first member of this family about 
whom we have definite information, was a native of Maryland, but had 
settled in Virginia before the revolutionary war. Much later, after a 
residence of some years in Rockingham county, \'irginia, he removed to 
Pocahontas county, reaching Frost in 1802, and settled at that place. He 
was owner of extensive landed possessions. Both he and his wife were 
earnest supporters of religion. He married Margaret Blaine, who lived 
near Rawley Springs ; she was a relative of John S. Blaine, a pioneer 
Presbyterian minister. Children : Margaret, married Henry Dilley ; 
Anna, married Daniel ]\IcCollam ; Isabella, married Alexander Rider ; 
Elizabeth, married Rev. James \\'anless : Rosa, married Rev. William J. 
Ryder ; Mary, married William Hartman : John, married Rebecca Moore ; 
Robert, died young : Daniel, married Alargaret Palmer ; James, married 
]\Iargaret Wanless ; William, of whom further ; Joseph, married Elizabeth 
Lightner. 

(II) William, son of John and Margaret (Blaine) Sharp, lived near 
Frost. He married Margaret Nesbitt. of Rockbridge county, \'irginia. 
Children : Mary Paulina, married Stephen Wanless ; Eliza Jane, married 
David Hannah ; John, of whom further. 

(III) John (2), son of William and ^Margaret (Nesbitt) Sharp, also 
lived near Frost. He married Elizabeth Slaven Wade, of Highland 
county. During the civil war, she supported the children, paid off mort- 
gages on the land and came through the conflict out of debt. Children : 
Charles Osborne Wade, of whom further ; William Alexander Gilmer, 
married Nancy Elizabeth Arbogast ; John Benjamin Franklin, married 
Mary Alice Gibson ; Aaron Uriah Bradford, died at the age of seven : 
Matilda Ursula, died at the age of sixteen months; Margaret Ann, died 
at the age of sixteen years: Martha Ellen, married Abram Sharp; Mari- 
etta Emmaretta Virginia, married Thomas R. Kellison. 

( I\') Charles Osborne Wade, son of John (2) and Elizabeth Slaven 
(Wade) Sharp, was born at Frost, about 1845, 'I'ld died June 29, 1892. 
Enlisting at the age of seventeen, in Company I, Third West Virginia 
Cavalry, he served to the end of the civil war. For four years he was 
deputy-sheriff of Pocahontas county, under J. F. Wanless. He was an 
.extensive farmer and stockman and always an active Republican. He 
married Mary Amanda Grimes, who survives him and is living on the 
Sharp homestead. Children: i. Hannibal Hamlin, deceased. 2. Charles 
Hanson, was formerly engaged in railroad work in the west and was 
later superintendent of steam shovels in the Culebra Cut, Panama, Canal 
Zone. He died in August, 1907, at Culebra, Panama, Canal Zone. 3. 
David Franklin, is a railroad engineer and lives at Wichita, Kansas. 4. 
George Winters, of whom further. 5. Summers Hedrick, twin brother 
of George Winters, born June 20, 1880. He graduated from Marshall 
College in 1907, studied law in the University of Michigan and was ad- 



222 WEST VIRGINIA 

mitted to practice in the courts of this state in 1910. He is now prosecut- 
ing attorney of Pocahontas county. He is a Mason, Knight of Pythias, 
and a member of Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He married 
Grace Stewart of Tulsa, Oklahoma. 6. Austin John, remains with his 
mother on the old homestead. He married Icy Shrader ; children : Styrl 
and Roscoe. 7. Trudie Montgomery, married B. B. Williams, who is at 
this time county superintendent of schools. 8. Icy Amanda, married 
Hevener Dilley. 9. Esta ]\Iadora, is a stenographer and resides at Buck- 
hannon. West Virginia. 

(V) George Winters, son of Charles Osborne Wade and Mary 
Amanda (Grimes) Sharp, was born June 20, 1880. He attended school 
at Concord Normal and graduated from Marshall College in 1907. He 
is a member of the Knights of Pythias. In Masonry he has held the 
chair of worshipful master of Marlinton Lodge, No. 127, and is a mem- 
ber of Beni-Kedem Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, Charleston, West Virginia. He was elected clerk of the 
circuit court of Pocahontas county in 1908, which position he holds at this 
time. He married. August 17. 1909, Beatrice, daughter of L. C. and 
Mary (Wilson) Groves, of Summersville, West Virginia. No children. 



This name is found in various parts of the United States 
MORRIS and has been borne by several persons of distinction in 
various walks of life. The present family, it will be 
noted, produced soldiers of credit in the civil war. 

(I) Ephram Morris, the first member of this family about whom we 
have definite information, moved from Maryland into Western Pennsyl- 
vania. He was by trade a tailor. He married Roseberry. Children : 

John, a captain in the Union army in the civil war ; Matthias, Asia, 
Thomas, a colonel in the Union army, killed at Snicker's Ferry ; Martha, 
Sarah. Catharine. Phoebe, James F., of whom further. 

(II) James F., son of Ephram and (Roseberry) Morris, was 

born in Greene county, Pennsylvania, in 1840, and has resided ever since 
in Greene county, Pennsylvania. He was a farmer and one of the repre- 
sentative men of his community. His church was the Christian. He 
married Maria, daughter of Samuel D. Bayard, who died January 26, 
Thomas, a colonel in the Union army, killed at Snicker's Ferry ; Martha, 
George Lloyd, of whom further. 

(III) George Lloyd, son of James F. and ^Maria (Bayard) Morris, 
was born at Holbrook. in Green county, Pennsylvania, July 3, 1870. His 
education was received in the public schools, including the state normal 
school at Edinburg, Erie county, Pennsylvania, from which he graduated 
in 1889. Thereupon he engaged in mercantile business at Rodgersville. 
Pennsylvania, in which he continued for five years. Selling this business, 
he became, for six years, a traveling salesman. In the fall of 1900 he 
came to Middlebourne, Tyler county. West A^irginia. and accepted a po- 
sition as cashier of the First National Bank, which position he still holds. 
In 1902 he was made and still is, one of the directors of the same bank. 
He was also among the promoters of the Aliddlebourne Water Company, 
and is a stockholder therein ; also, he is first vice-president of the board 
of trade at Middlebourne. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias. 
Mr. Morris is a member of the Christian church. He married (first) in 
February. 1897. Laura Mason, who died in 1907: he married (second) in 
1909, Martha, daughter of E. J. and Emily Clark. 



WEST MRGi: 



J23 



The progenitors of this family in West \'irginia came 
THOMPSON originally from Culpeper county, \''irginia, in the year 
1815, when Philip R. Thompson settled at the home- 
stead which is now St. Albans ; he owned large tracks of land and lived 
there imtil his death at the age of seventy-five years. He built the house 
in which he resided, and in which his children and grandchildren were 
born. He became a prominent man in the Democratic party, serving for 
eight years as member of congress from Culpeper county, prior to his 
moving to Kanawha county. Mr. Thompson was twice married, having 
issue by both wives. His first marriage was to a Miss Davenport, by 
whom he had several children ; his second marriage was to Sarah Eliza- 
beth Slaughter, of Culpeper county, daughter of Robert Slaughter, of 
the Grange. There were five sons and four daughters by this marriage, 
of whom the sons were: Robert A., Francis, Dr. John, Benjamin S., of 
whom further, and William Henry. 

(H) Benjamin S., son of Philip R. and Sarah E. (Slaughter) Thomp- 
son, was born at Coalsmouth, Kanawha county, A'irginia, now St. Albans, 
March 26, 1818. He was a graduate of William and Mary College 
where he studied law, and up to the time of the civil war lived on the 
farm where he was born. At the outbreak of the war he joined the Con- 
federate army, first as captain A. O. M. of the Thirty-sixth Regiment Vir- 
ginia Infantry, later assigned to Barton's brigade of Stephenson's divi- 
sion, and became quartermaster with rank of major, continuing until the 
close of hostilities. After the war he moved to Flemingsburg. Kentucky, 
and entered mercantile business in which he remained until about the 
year 1880, when he removed to Hinton, West Virginia, and for eight 
years was postmaster of the town. He came to Huntington in 1897, re- 
tiring from active business, and continuing a resident of this city until 
his death, December 29, 1907. He was a member of the Democratic 
party. He married Elizabeth Lewis, born in Mason county, Virginia, 
October 19, 1819, died in Huntington, July 21, 1907, daughter of Andrew 
and Margaret (Lynn) Lewis, and granddaughter of Colonel Charles 
Lewis, who was killed at the battle of Point Pleasant, Mrginia, October 
10, 1774. l\Ir. and ]\'Irs. Thompson had six children: Cameron Lewis, of 
whom further ; Margaret Lynn, married Dr. John Harvey, late professor 
of languages at the West Virginia L^niversity : John S., died unmarried; 
Fannie Lewis, died unmarried: Elizabeth, died young; \\'illiam Rootes, 
of whom further. 

(HI) Cameron Lewis, son of Benjamin S. and Elizabeth (Lewis) 
Thompson, was born at Coalsmouth, now St. Albans, West \'irginia, 
April 22, 1842. His early education was received at home from private 
tutors ; later he attended the academy at Greenbrier county up to the time 
of the outbreak of the civil war. He then enlisted, April 17, 1861, in the 
Confederate army, as a private in Company H, of the Twenty-second 
Virginia Infantr}'. He served throughout the war, being present at the 
surrender of his regiment at Appomattox Court House, April 9, 1865, he 
being then a captain on General Terry's stafif. After the war he settled 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, where for five' years he continued to represent a local 
house in the capacity of commercial traveler. He then removed to Ken- 
tucky, where until 1872 he engaged in merchandise, returning then to 
West Virginia and locating at Hinton, where he entered the newspaper 
business and established and operated the Mountain Herald, now known 
as the Independent Herald. He continued thus for thirteen years, study- 
ing law meanwhile. In 1885 he came to Huntington and purchased the 
Huntington Advertiser, a weekly newspaper, and in 1889 started the 
Daily Advertiser which he ran for seven years. He was appointed post- 
master of Huntington by President Cleveland in 1888, to fill out an un- 



224 WEST VlRCilXIA 

cunipleted term of fifteen months. In the year 1893 he went to Charles- 
ton, West \'irginia, and until 1897 was in charge of the insurance de- 
partment of the state. He then returned to Huntington, engaging in the 
insurance and real estate business here and continuing with much success 
ever since. He has at various times had different partners, the firm now 
being known as Thompson. Thornburg & Watts, and doing a very exten- 
sive business. In his political convictions Mr. Thompson is an adherent 
of the Democratic party, and is a member of the board of control of the 
city, representing the third ward. He is a member of the Confederate 
Veterans" Association, and is a pmminent member and senior warden of 
the Episcopal church. 

He married Elizabeth Frances Weather^, born in Washington county, 
Kentucky, daughter of Edward Worthington and Susan (Ferguson) 
Weathers. Mr. and Mrs. Thompson have no children. 

(HI) Hon. William Rootes Thompson, son of Benjamin S. and Eliz- 
abeth (Lewis) Thompson, was born September 14, 1856, at the old home- 
stead, Coalsmouth, now St. Albans, at the mouth of the Coal river, in 
Kanawha county. West Virginia. He received his early education in 
Kentucky, and later attended West Mrginia University, taking a course 
in the law department and graduating in the year 1879. He was the 
first graduate of the law school at the University. He was admitted to 
the bar immediately after his graduation ; he removed to Hinton, West 
Virginia, and commenced the practice of his profession, continuing in 
that place until 1892. At the first general election following his gradua- 
tion and removal to Hinton, he was named as prosecuting attorney of 
Summers county, and he was the first assistant district attorney in West 
Virginia, having been appointed to serve as such under General C. C. 
Watts during the first administration of President Cleveland, from 1880 
to 1884. In 1888 he was elected a member of the house of delegates 
from Summers county. He was a member of the legislature during 
the session of 1891, serving on the judiciary committee, and as chairman 
of the railroad committee. In the year 1892 Mr. Thompson came to 
Huntington and entered into the partnership of Vinson, McDonald & 
Thompson : a year later George McDonald, the second member of the 
firm, died, the business being continued under the name of Vinson & 
Thompson, as at present. The senior member of the firm is Mr. Taylor 
Vinson, a sketch of whom follows. Mr. Thompson was a delegate to the 
Democratic national convention at Denver which nominated Bryan in 
1908, but has never held office in Cabell county. In 1904 his name was 
presented to the state convention for governor, but after one of the most 
remarkable convention battles in the history of the party, the honor fell 
elsewhere. When last year the matter of choosing Democratic United 
States senators arose, Mr. Thompson's name was suggested in many 
parts of the state, although he was at no time a candidate. Believing this 
to be the year of Democratic victory, however, both in state and nation, 
he consented to be a candidate for nomination to the governorship of 
West Virginia in the campaign of 191 2, was nominated by acclamation at 
the Democratic convention held in Huntington, West Mrginia, July 16, 
1912, but was defeated. Beside his known ability as a lawyer and busi- 
ness man he is a man of pleasing and impressive personality ; his manner 
and bearing are distinguished and graceful, and he is at all times cordial 
and approachable. He is a member of the Masonic order, the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
also a member of the Guyandotte Club. 

Mr. Thompson married Sallie Huie, of San Francisco, California, 
daughter of Dr. George W. Huie, formerly of Kentucky and West Vir- 
ginia, who went to California in 1849, 3"<^i h^s practiced medicine there 




<^^^v^-^ 



WEST VIRGINIA 225 

c\'er since : her mother was Sarah Elizabeth Thompson, daughter of 
j Robert A. Thompson, an uncle of William R. Thompson. Mr. and Airs. 
Thompson have one child. Robert Cameron Thompson, born at Hunting- 
ton. July 25. 1900. 



The family name of Vinson is familiar, not alone in Cabell 
VINSON and Wayne counties, West Virginia, but in the "Old Do- 
minion," and in North Carolina, where, in this country, it 
most hkely originated. Out of these two states came, at all events, the 
forerunners of the Vinsons of West Virginia, more particularly those of 
Taylor \'inson, leading lawyer and man of afifairs, of Huntington, that 
state, a notable industrial center, situated at the mouth of the Kanawha 
river, near the northwestern state line. "Sir. Taylor Vinson's lineage is 
emphatically southern. 

(I) James Vinson, the first of the line here under consideration of 
whom there is information, was a Carolinian. He came from the old col- 
ony of North Carolina to Wayne county, Virginia, as a boy, and died 
there at a ripe old age in 1845. His vocation was farming. He married 
and among his children was Samuel S., of whom further. 

(II) Captain Samuel S. Vinson, son of James \'inson, was born in 
\\'a}ne county. West Virginia, in the family homestead, April 14, 1833. 
He was a farmer and lumberman, and followed these lines with ability and 
success. In the civil war crisis his sympathies were southern, and he exem- 
plified them very naturally by enlistment and service in arms on the Con- 
federate side as a captain of the Eighth \'irginia Cavalry. In this service 
he was wounded, captured and taken to Frankfort, Kentucky, toward the 
close of the war, and confined two months in a Federal prison of the Blue 
Grass state. He was also in the battle of Winchester, which has passed in- 
to song and story through Buchanan Reid's verses, on "Sheridan's Ride," 
and in all the principal engagements in which his superior. General Jones, 
engaged. He was a cavalry captain in this service in the old Virginia 
Eighth. Captain Vinson married Mary Dameron, born in Wayne county. 
West Virginia, in 1835. She still survives, and lives at the advanced age 
of seventy-seven at the old homestead- of the family in Wayne. Chil- 
dren: Taylor, of whom further. Belle, now Mrs. James A. Hughes, of 
Huntington: Mary, now Mrs. Donald Clark, who lives in Westmoreland; 
Josie. married John P. Bromley, of Wayne county, and died in 1885; 
Boyd, died in 1909: Lindsay T., of whom further (probably not in order 
of birth). 

Samuel Dameron, father of Mary (Dameron) Vinson, was born and 
raised in Wayne county, Virginia. He was the son of one of the first 
settlers in that county, Moses Dameron, first of his line in Virginia. The 
date of his arrival is uncertain, like many early events and records. Sam- 
uel Dameron was a farmer. He was born in 1812. and died at ninety- 
four, in 1906 : he came of a hardy, long-lived race. 

(III) Taylor, son of Captam Samuel S. ^'inson, was born December 
22, 1857, in \\'ayne county, West A'irginia, on his father's farm, the old 
Vinson place or homestead. He attended the local school as a boy and 
was then sent to Bethany College, from which he graduated in 1878. 
From there he went to the Law School of the University of Virginia, 
and then to the Boston University Law School spending a year in study 
at each place. In the year 1886 he received his license to practice law 
in the supreme court of his home state. He located first in his profession 
at Ceredo, Wayne county. West Virginia, and remained there a year. 
Then he was drawn to Huntington by the superior opportunities there af- 
forded and established himself in that city in 1887. Huntington then had 

15 



226 WEST VIRGINIA 

perhaps ten thousand people ; it has probably four times that number now. 
Air. Vinson began the practice of law there. He has met with uncommon 
success, not alone in his profession, but in a business way as well. His 
ofifices are in the Mnson-Thompson building, one of the most modern 
structures of the city. It was built by him, with his partner, William R. 
Thompson, in 1909, and is one of the architectural ornaments of the 
place. Mr. Mnson is a stockholder and is active in the First National 
Bank of Huntington. He is a director and general counsel of the United 
States Coal & Oil Company, a director in the Kentland Coal & Coke 
Company, and attorney for the Ohio Valley Electric Railway Company, 
which runs the street car line of Huntington, and operates thirty-five | 
miles of track between Huntington and Irontown. He has interested him- I 
self also in town promotion. With W. J. ^^'illiamson he organized the j 
town called after that gentleman, and with J. L. Caldwell the town of ' 
Central City. He is a Republican in politics, an Elk, and a member of j 
the Christian church. 1 

Mr. \'inson married, January 18, 1901, i\Iary, daughter of the late 
R. B. Chaffin, of Richmond, \'irginia. Mrs. Vinson is a native of Rich- 
mond. Her father, who died in 1905, was in his time the leading real 
estate man of his city. Her mother, Sarah (Harvie) Chaffin, is still a 
resident of Richmond. The Vinsons have two children: Ta}'lor, b(irn i 
February i, 1904, Blair, born July 3, 1907. 

(Ill) Dr. Lindsay T. \'inson, son of Captain Samuel S. \'inson, was 
born on his father's farm in Lawrence county, Kentuck}-, August 28, 
1874. The old homestead is still intact and in the A'inson family. When 
he was five years old he came with his parents to Wayne county. West 
Virginia, where he received the first of his education. He attended 
Marshall College, Huntington, West Virginia, and the University of 
West Virginia, at Morgantown, Monongalia county, taking the first 
course in medicine given by this institution. Then he studied in the med- 
ical department of the University of Cincinnati and the medical depart- 
ment of the Central University of Kentucky. In 1901 he graduated from 
the Hospital College of Medicine, after which he spent a year at Parkers- 
burg, Wood county. West Virginia, as an interne in St. Luke's Hospital. 
For three years he had charge, in the surgical department, of the Norfolk 
& Western railroad, (new line construction) for the section west of 
Williamson. One year was passed in Europe, at the University of Lon- 
don and other European schools. Since 1906 Dr. \'inson has practiced at 
Huntington, Cabell county. West Mrginia. His office is in the Mnson- 
Thompson building, with Dr. Kessler, and he is connected with the 
Kessler Hospital. He is local surgeon of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, 
coroner of Cabell county, also inspector of schools for the board of edu- 
cation for the city of Huntington, West Mrginia. Dr. Vinson is a mem- 
ber of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and a Alason. In 
politics he is a Democrat, in religion a Campbellite. 

He married, at Huntington, October 23, 1901. Willie May, daughter 
of William P. and Hallie \'. Holderby. Her paternal grandfather was 
the oldest pioneer of Huntington, and gave the grounds for Marshall Col- 
lege ; her father is deceased but his widow is living at Huntington, at 
the age of sixty. Child of Dr. and Mrs. \'inson, Lindsav, born .\ugust 
I, 1907- 



This family is of German origin, Solomon Fischer having 
FISCHER come from Germany to Bradford, Pennsylvania, in the 

year 1883, bringing with him a son. the rest of the fam- 
ily coming later. He engaged in the grocery business in Bradford and 
continued therein with success until two years prior to his death, which 



WEST VIRGINIA 227 

occurred in 1908 ; his widow is still living in the old home at Bradford, 
being now sixty-three years of age. Their ten children, seven boys and 
three girls, are also all hving. Two of the sons, Edwin N. and Herbert, 
are mentioned below : one son is in Chicago : one son and daughter in 
New York City ; one daughter in Cleveland, Ohio ; and the remainder 
make their home in Bradford, Pennsylvania. 

Edwin N. Fischer, son of Solomon Fischer, was born in Germany on 
September 11, 1867. The little education which he was enabled to ac- 
quire was obtained in Germany before the family removed to this coun- 
try, for at the age of thirteen years he began the work of making his 
own way in the world by entering a dry goods store in the old country. 
At the age of seventeen he accompanied his father to America and ob- 
tained employment in a dry goods store in Olean, New York. He con- 
tinued his clerkship in this' establishment for a period of four years and 
then, at the age of twenty-one, started in business for himself at Johns- 
town, Pennsylvania. This was in August, 1889. after the great flood of 
that year. For two years and a half Air. Fischer continued operations in 
Johnstown, after which he returned to Olean and again attempted to do 
a dry goods business in that city. He remained there for another two 
years and a half, after which he came to Sistersville and estabhshed him- 
self in a promising dry goods business in this place, locating in the 
^^'elles Block. This establishment has grown to be the largest store in 
the city, occupying three floors and conducting a larger trade in its spec- 
ial line than any dry goods concern between Parkersburg and Wheeling. 
The great success with which his labors have been rewarded is due to 
the integrity and fair-mindedness of Mr. Fischer's business methods. 
He has acquired a position of prominence in the community and has 
become the owner of a considerable amount of real estate in and around 
Sistersville. He is now one of the directors of the Tyler County Bank ; 
is interested in many manufacturing enterprises and in a number of oil 
companies. As a member of the Masonic fraternity, he is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, a Shriner, and also belongs to the order of Elks. Politi- 
cally he is a member of the Republican party. He is a man who has 
made no great noise or stir in the world, but has quietly pursued his own 
even, purposeful way. considering his success as a merchant all the nota- 
bilitv that he desires. On February 20, 1900, Mr. Fischer married Kate 
Josephs, born in Titusville. Pennsylvania, September 7. 1873 : she is a 
daughter of A. Josephs, of Bradford, Pennsylvania, a retired dry goods 
merchant, and was educated in Bradford. Mr. and Mrs. Edwin N. 
Fischer have the following children: Leonora D., born in Sistersville, 
July 8, 1901 ; Virginia Joy. born August 20, 1902; Jerome M.. born Feb- 
ruary 16, 1904; and Gladys A., born December 3. 1909. 

Herbert Fischer, son of Solomon Fischer, and brother of Edwin N. 
Fischer, was born April 3. 1873, also in Germany. He was educated at 
the Bradford, Pennsylvania, common and high schools, having come to 
America with his mother at the age of twelve years, his father preceding 
them. The first work which he performed was as a newsboy, and in 
such occupation he continued for three years, when he entered mercan- 
tile business in the employ of Mr. Galland, of Bradford, with whom he 
continued for seven years. With a strong desire then to enter the dry 
goods business, he engaged with i\Ir. S. Anerhaim, of Bradford, and re- 
mained in his employ for a period of eight years. .A.fter this he came to 
Sistersville and entered into business with his brother. Edwin N. Fischer, 
with whom he remained until 1909. In this year he started in business 
on his own account, opening a gentlemen's clothing and furnishing store 
in which he has become very successful, and in the brief time which has 
elapsed since he opened the store his trade has so grown that it is now 



228 WEST VIRGINIA 

the largest in this Hne in the city. He is a popular man among his custo- 
mers, with whom his relations are always pleasant, so that they have be- 
come, indeed, his best friends. His energy, ability and square dealing are 
unmistakably shown in the success which has attended his efforts. Like 
his brother he is a Republican in politics, and like him also, is strongly 
mterested in INIasonic organizations. He is a member of the order of 
Elks ; of the Scottish Rite, and the Shriners, being a thirty-second de- 
gree Mason. Mr. Herbert Fischer married on February i6, 1909, Fan- 
nie Wolinsky, who was born in Ohio on May 18, 1883; she is a daughter 
of Nathan Wolinsky, of Canton, Ohio, a jeweler by trade. j\Ir. and 
Mrs. Herbert Fischer have one child. Saulbert }\Iarvin Fischer, born in 
Sistersville on December 27, 191 1. 



The representative of this family in \\"est \'irginia, 
HOSKINSOX so well known for the energy and push which has 

brought him into the front ranks of the profession 
which he has chosen, is Dr. Jefferson C. Hoskinson, born in Monroe 
county, Ohio, on May 31, 1877. He is the son of Azariah Hoskinson, a 
farmer of that county, whose death occurred in the year 1895 ; and Han- 
nah (Hissom) Hoskinson, who passed her entire life in Ohio and was a 
devout member of the Methodist church. 

The young man passed his early years in the locality of his birth, re- 
ceiving an ordinary but thoroughly fundamental education in the com- 
mon schools of the county. He was gifted with unusual ambition, how- 
ever, and resolved that he would prepare himself for better things in 
life than his prospects then indicated, the first thing necessary to his ad- 
vancement being the acquisition of a more far-reaching education. In 
this he persisted with extraordinary application and effort, working in 
the oil fields the while as foreman of the Carter Oil Company. He con- 
tinued thus for about eight years and in 1906 was enabled to commence 
upon a professional education at the Ohio College of Dental Surgery, in 
Cincinnati, Ohio. After a three years' course in which his usual dili- 
gence and purposefulness brought the inevitable reward, he received on 
May 13, 1909, his certificate as Doctor of Dental Surgery. He began 
the practice of his profession in the same year, locating himself in Sep- 
tember at Sistersvillle, West Virginia. Here he exerted himself to the 
utmost and the proficiency and skill which he displayed soon resulted in 
a large practice which increases yearly, placing him well in the van of the 
profession hereabouts. He has made a most excellent impression upon 
the community, and numbers among his patrons the wealthiest and most 
influential of the citizens of Sistersville. His reputation as a clever and 
successful practitioner is well established in professional circles in this 
state and he is an important member of the West Virginia State Dental 
Society. In his political opinions Dr. Hoskinson is a member of the 
Independent party : and is a thirty-second degree Mason and is also one 
of the Shriners. Dr. Hoskinson is unmarried. 



William Harvey Cottle was born in Monroe county. West 
COTTLE Virginia, in 1826, and died at Beckley, Raleigh county, 
this state, November 12, 1901, aged seventy-five years. He 
was a shoemaker by occupation and worked at that trade during the en- 
tire period of his active career. 

(II) George Washington, son of William Harvey Cottle, was born 
in Monroe county. West Virginia, in 1852, and he is engaged in farming 
operations on an extensive estate in Raleigh county, this state. He mar- 



WEST VIRGINIA 229 

ried Pricie Alassey, a daughter of Steele Massey, a farmer, who died in 
Raleigh county, in 1870. Mrs. Cottle was born in 1858 and is still living. 
Of the nine children born to the Cottles seven are living (1912), as fol- 
lows : William L., mentioned below ; Nora Rosetta, is the wife of H. D. 
Rudolph, of Oswald, West Virginia; Lee Berta, lives at home in Mat- 
ville, this state ; Effie May, is at home ; Ada Belle, is a nurse in the Davis 
Memorial Hospital, at Elkins, West Virginia; Lena Frances, is at home; 
and Wavie Arizona, is a nurse at Davis Memorial Hospital. 

(Ill) Dr. William Lacey Cottle, son of George Washington and 
Pricie (Massey) Cottle, was born in Raleigh county. West Virginia, 
June 12, 1877. When a mere child his parents removed to a farm near 
Matville, this state, and in the public schools of that place young William 
L. was educated. He worked on the home farm and in the saw mills con- 
ducted by his father until he had reached the age of twenty-two years. 
In 1903 he entered the Ohio College of Dental Surgery, affiliated with the 
L'niversity of Cincinnati, and three years later was graduated in that in- 
stitution with the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery. His first experi- 
ence in dental work was as assistant to Dr. S. S. Sutphin, of Beckley, 
West Virginia, in whose employ he was for one year, beginning Septem- 
ber I, 1902. His first independent w^ork as a dentist was at Lawson, 
Raleigh county, this state, where he remained for one year. August 10, 
1907, he came to [Mount Hope and here he has met with unqualified suc- 
cess as a dentist, his offices being in the Garrett & McNabb Building. His 
political convictions coincide with the principles promulgated by the Re- 
publican party and in a fraternal way he is affiliated with the Modern 
Woodmen of America. 

On September 10, 1908, was celebrated the marriage of Dr. Cottle 
to Miss Electa Shackleford, who was born in West Virginia and who is 
a daughter of Charles R. Shackleford, a Methodist Episcopal minister. 
Rev. Shackleford was born ]\Iay 12, 1847, in Burton's, Tishimingo coun- 
ty. [Mississippi, and is one of the oldest preachers of the gospel in the 
state. He is now pastor at Harrisville, Ritchie county. West Virginia. 
His wife, Martha (Smith) Shackleford. was born January 24, 1847. at 
Kesler's Cross Roads, Nicholas county. West Virginia, and died when 
]\Irs. Cottle was a girl of but twelve years. Dr. and Mrs. Cottle have 
one son, William Lacey, Jr.. born September 7, 1909. 



David Brackman is the first member of this family 
BR.A.CKMAX about whom we have definite information. Child, 
William W., of whom further. 

(II) William W., son of David Brackman, made his home in Green- 
brier county. West \'irginia. He was always a farmer. He married 
Mary C, daughter of .\ndrew and Frances (Cofifman) Sydenstricker, 
who was born April i, 1839, and died March 26, 1913. Her father was 
the son of David Sydenstricker and of the same family as John M. 
Sydenstricker, who was a candidate for governor of West Mrginia in 
1892, and was afterward state commissioner of labor. Frances (Cof?- 
manj Sydenstricker is the daughter of John Cofifman, whose parents, 
Isaac aiid Esther CofTman. settled in Greenbrier county about 1765. 
Children of William W. and Mary C. (Sydenstricker) Brackman: John 
A., graduate of [Marshall College, now a railroad man, living at Alle- 
ghany, \'irginia; Mason Clark, of whom further. 

(III) Mason Clark, son of \Mlliam W. and Mary C. (Sydenstricker) 
Brackman, was born in Greenbrier county September 23, 1879. He at- 
tended the free schools and then entered the Concord State Normal 
School, at Athens, West Virginia, from which he graduated in 1896. 



230 WEST VIRGINIA 

Alter teaching for several years he entered the law department of the 
University of West \"irginia, from which he graduated in 1902, and was 
admitted to the state bar the same year. He taught school then for one 
year more, in Greenbrier county, but, in 1903, he settled at Beckley, 
Raleigh county, West Virginia, for the practice of law. Here he has 
continued to reside and to practice. His reputation as a lawyer is vei \ 
high, and he is counsel for the Winding Gulf Colliery Company and li ir 
other corporations. He is a member of the State Bar Association. I Il- 
ls a member of \\'hite Pine Lodge, No. 37, Knights of Pythias; is a pa-i 
master of Beckley Lodge, No. 95, Ancient Free and Accepted Mason-, 
and is now serving his second term as its secretary. He was one of tlic 
organizers of Beckley Chapter, No. 38, Royal Arch Masons, and is its 
secretary. In politics, also, Mr. Brackman is active, being a Democratic 
leader and chairman of the Democratic executive committee: this posi- 
tion he has now (1912) held for six years. He has served on the town 
council of Beckley and is now recorder of the town; he is also commis 
sioner of chancery, and is at this time the candidate of his party for the 
house of delegates in the state legislature. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Brackman are 
communicants of the Protestant Episcopal church. He married, October (1, 
1909, Nellie B., daughter of DeKalb and Jane Hughes, of Ben Lomond, 
West Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Brackman have no children. 



Ebenezer Davies was born in South Wales in the year 
DA\'IES 1794- He was reared and educated in his native land and 

lived there until after his marriage. He immigrated to 
America in the antc-bdhim days and settled in Lancashire county, Penn- 
sylvania, where he maintained the family home until after the close of 
the civil war. He then removed to Coal Creek, Tennessee, where he 
was engaged in farming operations until his death in 1869, at the age of 
seventy-five years. The maiden name of his wife was Ann Phillips; she 
was likewise a native of South Wales and she bore her husband several 
children, among whom was Thomas Phillips, mentioned below. 

(II) Thomas Phillips, son of Ebenezer and Ann (Phillips) Davies, 
was born in South Wales, March i, 1848. As a boy he attended the pub- 
lic schools of his native place and in 1864, at the age of sixteen years, 
he came to America to join his parents, who had come here several 
years earlier. He lived in the vicinity of Columbia, Lancashire county, 
Pennsylvania, for a time and there was employed in the rolling mills. In 
1869 he came to West Virginia and located at Cannelton, in Kanawha 
county, where he was boss driver in the mines. In 1872 he opened up 
the first coal mine in Fayette county and operated the same for the en- 
suing fifteen years. In 1873 ^^ organized a company of working men, 
known as the Coal \'alley Coal Company, and of this concern he was 
president for the ensuing fifteen years, during the last three of which 
he was sole owner. At that period Montgomery was called "Coal \'al- 
ley." Mr. Davies has witnessed this city grow from the time of its 
founding, when its present site was a mere corn patch. For many years 
past Mr. Davies has been deeply and sincerely interested in public af- 
fairs, giving freely of his aid and influence in support of all measures 
and enterprises projected for the good of the general welfare. He is a 
stalwart Republican in his political convictions and in 1882 was elected a 
representative in the ^^'est Virginia legislature and he served as assem- 
blyman again in 1884. In 1886 he was honored by his fellowmen with 
election to the state senate, holding record as the first Republican to en- 
ter the senate from this district. He introduced Bill No. 41. to establish 
a state hospital at the town of Alderson, but the bill did not pass ; and 



e^^^ 



WEST MRGIXIA 231 

another bill to establish a preparatory school for students who wished to 
enter the University of West Virginia ; this latter bill passed and the 
school is now located at Montgomery. Mr. Davies served with the ut- 
most loyalty and efficiency as a member of the city council of Montgom- 
ery for six years and in 1896 was elected mayor of this city. He has 
been called the "Invincible Old War Horse of the Republican Party," 
because he has won all his fights for office in a normally Democratic dis- 
trict. As mayor of ^Montgomery he accomplished a great deal in the 
way of public improvements and his administration was characterized bj 
honorable dealings and faithful service to the good of his constituents. 

Mr. Davies has been a valued and appreciative member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows since 1869 and he is likewise affiliated 
with the Knights of Pythias, the Improved Order of Red ]\len, the Or- 
der of Owls and the time-honored Masonic fraternity. In religious mat- 
ters he is a zealous Baptist. He is a man of fine mentality and broad hu- 
man sympathy, always courteous, kindly and affable, and those who 
know him personally accord him the highest esteem. His life has been 
exemplary in all respects and he has ever supported those interests which 
are calculated to uplift and benetit humanity, while his own splendid 
moral worth is deserving of the highest commendation. In Montgom- 
ery was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Davis to Ann Williams, who 
was born in South Wales and died October 25, 1900, aged fifty-two 
years. Mr. and Mrs. Davies never had any children of their own, Init 
they reared four adopted children. 



Jacob Hess, the first member of this famil\- of whom we 
HESS have definite information, was a farmer in Hofienheim. I'.a- 
den, Germany. His wife's name is unknown. Children: 
Jacob, referred to below : Rosa, married Carl Ludwig. 

(II) Jacob (2), son of Jacob (i) Hess, was born in 1806. He was 
a wine manufacturer in Hoffenheim, Baden, Germany, growing his own 
grapes, and was a councilman for many years. He married, about 1832, 
Catharine, daughter of Jacob Schweitzer of Hoffenheim. born in 1801. 
Children: Elizabeth, married Jacob Peufifer, a brewer; Susanna, married 
Ludwig Laubinger, a brewer ; Carl, married Lena Kope, of Hoffenheim ; 
Jacob: Mary, married Alfred Schick, a jeweler in Sinsheim : Charles 
Frederick, referred to below : Philip. 

(III) Charles Frederick, son of Jacob (2) and Catharine (Schweitz- 
er) Hess, was born July 17. 1854, in HoiTenheim. Baden, Germany, and 
is now living at Point Pleasant, West Virginia. He is the founder of 
his family in this country. He received his early education in the com- 
mon schools at Hofienheim. and completed his education in the Univer- 
sity of Heidelberg, Germany. He came to Pomeroy, Ohio, in 1872, and 
entered the drug business, which he continued until 1876, when he spent 
one }'ear in Germany. He returned to this country and settled at Point 
Pleasant and commenced the manufacture of brick, and later cement 
blocks, and contracting, a business which in 1906 he greatly enlarged and 
in which he still continues. He is an Episcopalian in religion, a Demo- 
crat in politics, was a councilman 1901-1907, and has been a member of 
the County Board of Health for three years. He is a charter member 
of Oriental Lodge No. 49, Knights of Pythias, was elected colonel of 
the Second Brigade of West Mrginia, and quartermaster-general of the 
state of West Virginia. He is also a member of Rheine Lodge, No. 33, 
Independent C)rder of Odd Fellows, of Pomeroy. Ohio : ]\Iinturn Lodge, 
No. 19, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, Point Pleasant Chapter, 
No. 7, Royal Arch Mason, Franklin Commandery, No. 17, Knights 



232 WEST VIRGINIA 

Templar, also of Reni Kedam Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles 
of the Mystic Shrine of Charleston, and trustee of Point Pleasant Lodge 
of the Knights of Honor. 

He married, June 17, 1877, '" Pomeroy, Ohio, Josephine, only child 
of Joseph and Anna (Assman) Hein. who was born in New York City, 
February 28, 1854. Her father was born in Kissingen, Germany. He 
emigrated to this country and fought during the civil war, under Gen^ 
eral Rosecrans, as a member of the Eleventh Battery, Ohio Artillery, 
being present at the battle of Chattanooga and Lookout Mountain. He 
was superintendent of the high school in Pomeroy, Ohio, from 1866 tn 
1869. later owning a brewery and removing to Point Pleasant, where 
lie owned considerable property in 1878. Children of Charles Frederick 
and Josephine (Hein) Hess: i. Josephine, born February 4, 1878, mar- 
ried Clarence Stewart ; children, Virginia and Eleanor. 2. Freda, twin 
with Josephine, born February 4, 1878, married C. C. Tippett of Point 
Pleasant : children, Joseph, Bernie and Roderick. 3. Carl Frederick, 
born 1880, married iNIertie, daughter of Jefferson Newberry of Hunting- 
ton. 4. Frank, born 1882, married Daisy, daughter of W. W. Baker, of 
Hamlen. 5. Alvena. born in 1884. married Clarence E. Whitney, who 
is in the L^nited States government employ at Lock 28, Ohio River Lock 
and Dams, and is stationed near Huntington. 6. Frederick Hiram, born 
in 1886, resides in Texas. 



This is in all probability by far the most common name in 
SMITH the United States, and there is evidence that it has long 

been in this position. English names are frequently names 
of occupation, and smiths, of one sort and another, are numerous in any 
community. Hence, when surnames came into vogue, this would natur- 
ally be born bv many families, of no traceable relation one to another. 
It may be noted that there are some names also indicating special varie- 
ties of smiths : of these. Goldsmith is the best known. To all the Eng- 
lish Smiths, which would have made a numerous body, other nationalities 
have added a quota ; for similar names, Schmidt and Smit, are found m 
German and Dutch, and the latter, at least, is the true ancestral spelling 
of the name of a considerable body of American Smiths of the present 
time. From one source and another, the name has become common in 
all parts of the L''^nited States, and it might almost be said in every com- 
munity in the country. 

(I) Jacob Smith, the first member of this family about whom we 
have definite information, was born in Greenbrier county, Virginia. All 
his life he was a farmer, living in that county and Raleigh. Child, James 
of whom further. 

(II) James, son of Jacob Smith, was born in Raleigh county, \'ir- 
ginia, in 1840. He w-as a farmer and stockman. He married Susan, 
daughter of Jacob Bennett, who was born in Raleigh county. Her fath- 
er, a farmer and stockman, was a native of Greenbrier county. Child, 
Jackson, of whom further.' 

(III) Jackson, son of James and Susan (Bennett) Smith, was born 
in Raleigh county. West Virginia, October 21. 1868. He attended both 
public and private schools : and for eighteen years was engaged in school 
teaching in Raleigh county. He was a very popular teacher and has con- 
tinued to enjoy this popularity in other spheres of action. He is a Re- 
publican, but not active in party politics. In 1902. he was elected clerk 
of the circuit court, taking office on the first day of Tanuary. in the fol- 
lowing year. Six years later, he was re-elected, having been nominated 
by the Republican party. He married Minnie May Hurt, a teacher in the 



WEST \'IRGINIA 



233 



public schools. Both Mr. and Mrs. Smith are members of the Christian 
church, and he is a deacon. Children: Aubrey Overton, a graduate of 
the Beckley Institute, in the class of 1912, afterwards deputy circuit 
clerk and now a student in the Wesleyan College at Buckhannon : Thelma 
Harland, a student at the Beckley Institute ; Loy Ogden, a student at 
the Beckley Institute ; Guy Wilfred, a student at the Beckley Institute ; 
Orliffe Jaxon, a student at the Beckley Institute : Wendell Ware, a 
student at the Becklev Institute : Alma Evelvn. 



This family is of English origin. The name is said to have 
W.A.RD stood in the roll of Battle Abbey. Yet Ward is probably an 

Anglo-Saxon word, and as a name, one of that class which 
were taken from occupations. It is doubtful at least, whether all the 
Wards form one family. A frequent spelling of this name is Warde. 
Both in England and in Ireland the Ward, or Warde name is found. 
In America a large family is descended from Andrew Warde, who was 
made a freeman of Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1634, His descend- 
ants are in all parts of the country and most of them omit the final "e." 
They have long been strongly represented in the neighborhood of New 
York City and in Westchester county. New York. Another Ward fam- 
ily, smaller, but distinguished, is of somewhat later American origin 
and Rhode Island is its center. There is a Virginian Ward family, set- 
tled by 1634, and connected with Henrico county : its ancestor, Seth 
Ward, was probably a relative of Bishop Seth Ward, of the Church of 
England. They have been notably fond of the Christian name Seth. 
nearly, if not quite to the present time, giving it in various instances to 
oldest sons. 

(I) Thomas Ward, the first member of this family about whom we 
have definite information, came to Raleigh county, \'irginia, about 1855, 
and engaged in farming. He married Harriet Morgan. Child, Gilbert, 
of whom further. 

(II) Gilbert, son of Thomas and Harriet (Morgan) Ward, was a 
farmer in Raleigh county. He married Mary, daughter of Timothy and 
Nellie (O'Neil) Fitzpatrick, her parents being immigrants from Ire- 
land, who had settled in Raleigh county. Child, C. I\I., of whom further. 

(III) C. M., son of Gilbert and ]\Iary (Fitzpatrick) Ward, was born 
in Raleigh county, ^^'est \'irginia, February 3, 1879. He attended both 
private and free schools, and prepared himself for school teaching, which 
he followed in Raleigh county for six years. In 1904. he entered the 
law department of Grant University and graduated therefrom in 1906, 
receiving the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Thereupon, he took a grad- 
uate course of one year in the law department of the University of West 
\'irginia. In 1907 he was admitted to the bar, and he entered in that 
year the law firm of Farley, Sutphen & Ward, at Beckley, Raleigh coun- 
ty. West Virginia, the firm is now Farley & Ward. He is a member of 
tlie West Virginia State Bar Association. From 1903 to 1905, he was 
a member of the examining board for teachers in his county. He is a 
Democrat and at this writing (191 2). is Democratic candidate for pros- 
ecuting attorney of the county. He married, September 16, 1908, Nel- 
lie, daughter of John and Catharine (Kennedy) Collins, who died March 
13, 1910. Her parents lived in Ohio county. West A'irginia, and she was 
a graduate of the high school at Hinton, Summers county. West Vir- 
ginia. and of the Concord Normal School, Athens, West ^^irginia. Child. 
John Collins. 



234 WEST VIRGINIA 

Thomas G. ]\IcKell was born in Chillicothe. Ross county. 
McKELL Ohio, in 1845, and he lived in the above city during the 
entire period of his Hfetime. He died in 1904. aged fift>- 
nine years. He was engaged in the queensware business at Chilhcothe 
and was president of the Central National Bank in that city from the 
time of its foundation until his death. His wife was Jean D. Dun in her 
girlhood and she is still living, aged sixty-eight years, her home being 
in Chillicothe. There were two children born ti) Mr. and )ilrs. AIcKell, 
namely: William, mentioned below; and John 1).. burn in 1873. '* ''" 
attorney in Chillicothe. 

(II) William, son of Thomas G. and Jean D. (Dun) AIcKell, wa^ 
born in Chillicothe, Ohio, March i, 1871. As a boy he attended the public 
schools of his native place and for a time he went to school in Lawrence- 
ville, New Jersey. His collegiate education was obtained in Yale Uni- 
versity, in the scientific department of which institution he was grad- 
uated as a member of the class of 1893. Immediately after the gradua- 
tion he came to Glen Jean, where he at once became treasurer, which 
position he still holds, of the McKell Coal & Coke Company, of which 
John D. McKell is president; and Thomas Nichol. general manager. In 
1909 he organized the Bank of Glen Jean, which began business August 
nth of that year. This substantial and reliable institution has a capital 
stock of fifty thousand dollars and its surplus and profits, June 14, 191 j, 
amounted to $19,906.63. The official corps of the bank is as follows : 
William IMcKell. president ; C. B. Lee, vice-president ; and J. E. Drum- 
heller, cashier. This institution is the designated depository for the 
state of West Virginia and the United States Postal Savings. 

In politics Mr. McKell is a Republican. He is an essentially repre- 
sentative citizen of Fayette county and is recognized as one of the lead- 
ing business men of Glen Jean. He has shown his faith in the future nf 
West Virginia by locating in this state and by investing considerable 
money in local enterprises. ]\Ir. McKell is unmarried. 



Dr. Lawrence C. Montgomery was born in Fav- 
MONTGOMERY ette county, Vi'est Virginia, in the town of Mon't- 

gomery, July 17, 1873. Henry Montgomery, his 
great-grandfather, came to Fayette county in a very early day with Gen- 
era! Andrew Lewis, who made so man}' successful campaigns against 
the Indians. John Carlin Montgomery, first mayor of the town of Mont- 
gomery, is the father of Dr. Lawrence C. ^Montgomery. 

Dr. Montgomery was educated in the public schools of Fayette coun- 
ty and in the University of A'irginia. He studied medicine in the Medi- 
cal College of Ohio, at Cincinnati, now the University of Cincinnati, and 
he was graduated in that institution as a member of the class of 1897, 
duly receiving the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He initiated the active 
practice of his profession in Montgomery and here has since maintained 
his home and business headquarters. His medical practice has grown to 
extensive proportions and he is renowned as one of the most thoroughly 
equipped and most skillful doctors in the entire county. His fraternal 
connections are with the Benevolent & Protection Order of Elks, the 
Knights of Pythias and the Eagles. Dr. Montgomery has ever mani- 
fested a deep and sincere interest in all matters affecting the general wel- 
fare of his home town. He it was who organized a fire department of 
fourteen well trained men and had the usual equipment, consisting of 
reels, hose, ladders and chemical engines, installed. He is a Republican 
in politics but has no time for public office of any description, all his at- 
tention being devoted to his ever increasing medical practice. 



WEST VIRGINIA 235 

At Lewisburg, Greenbrier county, West \'irginia, December it,. 1897. 
Dr. ^lontgomery was united in marriage to Pattie Alderson Feamster, 
a native of Lewisburg. Dr. and Mrs. ^^lontgomery have three children, 
whose names and respective dates of birth are as follows : John Carlin. 
February 4, 1899: Janice Aleredith. September 3, 1901 ; and Lawrence 
Carlin, December 7, 1903. Dr. and ^Irs. Montgomery are devout mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church, in the faith of which denomination they 
are rearing their children. 



John Wesley Dillon was born in the commonwealth of 
DILLON \^irginia, and there grew up and was educated. He was a 
farmer in Bland county. Mrginia, during the major por- 
tion of his active career, and he married Docia Evans, a cousin of the 
late Admiral "Fighting Bob" Evans. They had a number of children, 
among them being the Hon. Charles Wesley, mentioned below. 

(II) Charles Wesley, son of John Wesley and Docia (Evans) Dil- 
lon, was born in Bland county, Virginia, February 8, 1865. He grew up 
on the old parental homestead, and his rudimentary educational training 
was obtained in the district schools of his native place. Subsequently 
he attended the Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College, now 
known as the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, at Blacksburg, Virginia. 
Mr. Dillon's first work after assuming the active responsibilities of life 
was that of farm hand in A'irginia. Later he worked with the grade con- 
struction crew on the Norfolk & Western railroad, which was then being 
built from Radford to Pocahontas, A^irginia. In 1886 he located 
in Fayette county, West Virginia, where he secured employment 
as a country school teacher, having previously passed the examina- 
tions required by the school board. For the ensuing two years his work- 
ing hours were given over to teaching, and all his spare time was de- 
voted to reading law. In 1888 he entered the law office of the late L. G. 
Gaines, of Fayetteville, under whose able preceptorship his progress was 
so rapid that he v.-as admitted to the Fayetteville bar in that same year, 
with the Hon. Joseph Holt Gaines. He immediately entered upon the 
active practice of his profession at Fayetteville, where his rise to promi- 
nence has been swift and sure. In 1892 he was honored by his fellow- 
citizens with election to the office of prosecuting attorney of Fayette 
county, and he was re-elected to that office in 1896, discharging his offi- 
cial duties in that connection with such great efficiency that his fame 
spread throughout the county and other sections of the state. In regard 
to his next position, that of state tax commissioner, the following para- 
graphs, which appeared in an article published in the Fayette Journal, 
February 22, 191 2. are considered worthy of reproduction here, the 
same describing faithfully the political conditions existing at that time. 

"In politics. Mr. Dillon had interested himself in the progressive march of the 
Republican party, and in West Virginia, where ascendancy hid been brought about 
by the overturning of the old and decadent methods of the Democracy and the 
establishment of modern and progressive ideas of popular government, he, along 
with the other young leaders of the party, took advance steps in advocacy of the 
laws for the assessment and taxation of property and the collection of the taxes of 
the people, which would insure a more nearly equal distribution of the burden. This 
great movement culminated in the authorization of the State Tax Commission, a 
body of men taken from the most prominent walks of life, whose efforts resulted 
prirnarily in the enactment of the present uniform tax laws which are now being 
copied and adopted in other states and which have resulted in the equal distribution 
of the tax burdens and saving of hundreds of thousands of dollars to the people. 

"Mr. Dillon was a strong advocate of this new system, and from the sturnp was 
a great factor in determining the influence in favor of its final adoption. With the 
advent of the administration of Governor White, he saw the perfection of this new 



236 WEST MRGINIA 

system, and the creation of the office of Stnte Tax Commissioner. The duties of 
the office required unusual accomplishments, mature legal knowledge, and an almost 
unlimited amount of executive ability. For the inauguration of this new and untried 
system, the chief executive of the state labored long and earnestly in the selection of 
a person upon whom the duties should fall. In the light of development and promi- 
nence of young men, the investigation and consideration of those of maturer years, 
and the general casting about for the medium through which to launch the outcome 
of the most important legislation within the history of the state, and the most 
momentous to the Republican party, the choice fell upon the young and vigorous 
Fayette county attorney, and, when the duty was cast upon him, he undertook the 
work with the vigor and ability which had characterized his efforts in the past, and, 
when he had fully mastered the intricacies of the new system, put the vast fiscal 
machinery of the state into full execution, organized the department in consonance 
with the laws formulated by the astute leaders of thought in the state, the people 
very soon realized that the new system possessed the merit claimed for it, and it 
has constantly grown in favor until to-day it stands as the chief monument of Repub- 
lican success in West \^irginia. 

"It would be saying too much to write that in Mr. Dillon the then Governor 
White found the only available person for the important duty made necessary by the 
enactment of the laws proposed by the state tax commission. But it is only just 
to declare that in Mr. Dillon was found the man pre-eminently fitted by experience, 
temperament and general surroundings to take up the initial duties involved and to 
carry out the full purpose and scope of the new legislation. Unwise interpretation 
of these laws would have resulted disastrously to the administration, the party 
responsible for their enactment, and for the new commissioner. So clear and com- 
prehensive were the applications of the new laws, so wisely were they administered 
and so carefully were the unusual interpretations announced and promulgated that 
the transit on from the old system, almost primitive in character, to the modern and 
fairer methods soon found the people in one acclaim for approval, albeit the pessi- 
mist, who must assume the negative in all things in order to maintain an existence." 

Mr. Dillon assumed charge of the ofifice of State Tax Commissioner 
in the fall of 1904, and he filled that office with the utmost efficiency for 
the ensuing three years. In April, 1907, he resigned from that position 
and returned to Fayetteville, where he again took up the practice of law. 
His prominence in the public eye as prosecuting attorney and as state 
tax commissioner brought innumerable clients to him and he has figured 
prominently in many of the most important litigations in the state and 
federal courts. In 1908 he was a delegate to the Republican national 
convention in Chicago, that nominated William H. Taft for president 
and James S. Sherman for vice-president. In the spring of 191 2 he was 
urged to accept the candidacy for governor of West Virginia. In the 
spring of 1912 he was urged to make the race in the state-wide primary 
for the nomination for governor on the Republican ticket. This was a 
most spirited contest and the first state-wide primary election for the 
nomination of candidates to fill state offices ever held in W^est \''irginia. 
The said primary resulted in the nomination of Hon. H. D. Hatfield for 
governor, who was elected in the general election by a large plurality. 
Mr. Dillon loyally supported the nominee in the general election, and the 
Republican ticket, and made an active canvass in the campaign of 191 2 
for the election of the entire state ticket. Following is a concluding 
paragraph taken from some of Mr. Dillon's campaign matter: 

"I believe in a strict enforcement of all laws, and -that every officer, high and 
low. should measure up to the full responsibilities of his duties. That those admin- 
istering public affairs should 'tand for civic righteousness, for the highest ideals in 
citizenship and for those things which make for the moral development of our 
people as well as their material advancement." 

His candidacy was endorsed by many of the leading citizens of Fay- 
ette county and of remote sections of the state. One of the oldest and 
most powerful Republicans of Fayette county gave out the following 
statements as an encouragement for the people, unfamiliar with his per- ij 
sonality, to vote for him : 



WEST MRGINIA 237 

"The announcement of Mr. Dillon for governor suits me exactly. I like that 
man, and I admire his courage and character. When a man without the aid of 
powerful influences can forge his way from the cornfield, the railroad grade, the 
school room and the dingy office of the country barrister to the places of trust and 
responsibility attained by Charles Dillon, and then make good in every one of them, 
the Republican party can make no possible mistake in elevating him to its leadership. 
I shall take great pleasure in voting for Mr. Dillon for governor and in doing so. I 
believe I am voting for the man best fitted to bear the standard of the Republican 
party to victory in the approaching campaign." 

In the spring of 1900, Mr. Dillon, assisted by E. L. Nuckolls, com- 
piled and had published the book entitled the "West Virginia Pocket 
Code." The same contains the constitution of the United States, the 
constitution of West Virginia, all the statutes of a general nature con- 
tained in the West A'irginia Code of 1891, with all amendments by the 
acts of the legislature since the adoption of the code of 1891, together 
with a complete index to the code and to all new laws of a general na- 
ture, passed by the legislature since 1891. It also contains the United 
States bankruptcy law. passed by congress in 1898, with index thereto. 
This book was compiled as a digest to the West \'irginia Reports, and is 
of invaluable assistance to the practicing attorney, being a remarkable 
time saver. 

Mr. Dillon was appointed in 1909 by the governor as one of the com- 
missioners to represent his state in the national organization known as 
the Commission on Uniform State Laws, which organization meets an- 
nually and just preceding the date of the meeting of the American Bar 
Association and at the same place. He is still a member of this commis- 
sion, and also a inember of the Ainerican Bar Association, and takes 
great interest in the proceedings of these associations. He is also a Mas- 
ter ]\Iason. a Knight Templar and a Shriner. holding membership in 
Beni-Kedam Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine, of Charleston, \^'est Virginia. No citizen in Fayette county is 
more respected than he and no man more fully enjoys the confidence of 
the people or more richly deserves the esteem in which he is held. Hon- 
orable in business, loyal in citizenship, charitable in thought, kindly in ac- 
tion, true to every trust confided to his care, his life represents the high- 
est type of Christian manhood. 



This name is found in many parts of the United States of 
]\IOORE America and has been borne by a number of persons of 

distinction, in both secular and religious activities. The 
present family has long been settled in what is now the state of West 
Virginia, but came into \'irginia from Maryland. 

(I) Alonzo Moore, the first inember of this family about whom we 
have definite information, lived in Maryland. It is not known whom he 
married, but he had a son Philip, of whom further. 

(II) Philip, son of Alonzo Moore, was born in Maryland. Coming 
into Virginia, he settled at Jake's run, in Monongalia county, where he 
lived from that time and was owner of a large tract of land. The name 
of his wife is not known, but he had a son William, of whom further. 

(III) William, son of Philip Moore, was born in 1807. and died in 
1884. In 1840 he came from Monongalia county into Tyler county. Vir- 
ginia. He was a carpenter and farmer and was one of the first persons 
growing fruit in Tyler county. He married (first) Rebecca Sine: (sec- 
ond) Ellen — — . (third) Anna Johnson. Among his fifteen children was 
William Nelson, of whom further. 

(1\') William Nelson, son of William and Rebecca (Sine) :\[o(ire. 
was born in Monongalia county. \'irginia. August i. 1829. and is yet liv- 



238 WEST VIRGINIA 

ing. When he was about eleven years old, he came with his parents into 
Tyler county. There he was a fanner and for a number of years he 
was a member of the county court. He married Lucinda, daughter of 
Daniel and Elizabeth (Morris) Sweeney, who died September 16. 1907. 
Children : Charles, A'irginia, married D. C. Smith : Sarah, married A. N. 
Fordyce ; Mary E., married J. W. Stewart : Margaret, Kit Carson, of 
whom further. 

(V) Kit Carson, son of William Nelson and Lucinda (Sweeney) 
Moore, was born at Joseph's Mills, Tyler county, West Virginia, Octo- 
ber 16, 1874. His education was received in the public schools, in West 
Mrginia academy at Buckhannon, the West Liberty Normal School and 
the University of West A^irginia, wherefrom he graduated, in 1900, with 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws. For one year he practiced law at Sis- 
tersville. West A-^irginia, after which time he came in 1902, to ]\Iiddle- 
bourne, and here he now has a large and successful practice. In 1908 
Mr. Moore was elected prosecuting attorney of the county. He is a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He married, in 
1906, Edna, daughter of Dr. E. B. and Mary E. (Smith) Conaway. 
Children : Richard C, born September 9. 1907 : Mary. A^'irginia. born Au- 
gust 13, 1909. 



This is a well-known pioneer name in what is now 
HICKMAN West A^irginia, and has been borne by several Ameri- 
cans of distinction. Some at least of the persons of 
this name in America are said to be of German descent, and the present 
family is of this origin. 

(I) Hickman, the first member of this family about whom we 

have definite information, came from Germany to America. The name 
of his wife is not known, but he had a son, Adam, of whom further, 

(II) Adam, son of Hickman, married Mercy Pickering, of 

Masschusetts. Children: George, John, Benjamin, Elias and David, of 
whom further. 

(III) David, son of Adam and Mercy (Pickering) Hickman, was 
born in 1812 and died in 1863. He was a member of the militia, and his 
duty in this office on one occasion took him across the state to Norfolk. 
Later, he was county clerk of Tyler cotmty, A''irginia. He married Nancy, 
daughter of Daniel' and Elizabeth Wells. Child. David (2), of whom 
further. 

(lA^) David (2), son of David (i) and Nancy (AVells) Hickman. 
was born at Middlebourne, Tyler county, A^irginia, October 8, 1844. His 
education was received in the common schools of Middlebourne, Sis- 
tersville, and West L^nion. He served as deputy county clerk under his 
father, until the latter's death. In 1864 he was appointed clerk of the 
board of supervisors and held this oflfice until 1868. In that year he was 
elected recorder of Tyler county and this office was retained by him until 
the new constitution went into effect, in 1873. From 1873 to 1902 he 
was county clerk. Further, he has served several terms as councilman 
of Middlebourne. He was a director of the First National Bank at Mid- 
dlebourne and the Bank of Middlebourne. He married, September 19, 
1866, Sarah E. Boreman, daughter of AV. I. and Martha E. (Stealey) 
Boreman, Children : ^^lartha B., born July 25, 1867, married Lloyd E. 
Smith; Francis R., born January 11, 1871, of whom further: Catharine 
B., born January 20, 1877, married John A. George. 

(V) Francis R.. son of David (2) and Sarah E. (Boreman) Hick- 
man, was born at Middlebourne, January 11, 1871. His life has been 
mainly spent at the place of his birth and he was formerly active in pub- 



WEST VIRGINIA -239 

lie life, after the manner of his father and grandfather. For several 
years he was deputy clerk of the county court of Tyler county and for 
several years also he was deputy clerk of the circuit court under J. G. 
Rlayfield. But Mr. Hickman has now for ten years been better known 
in Middlebourne and elsewhere by his banking connections; on March i, 
1903, he assumed the duties of the position of assistant-cashier of the 
First National Bank, and he remained in this position for about four 
years, until June i, 1907. when he was elected cashier of the same 
bank, and this position ]\Ir. Hickman still holds. He married, January 
10, 1905, Martha Blayne Spencer. Mr. and Mrs. Hickman have no chil- 
dren. 



A physician of fine professional education and wide ex- 
ENGLE perience in far separated parts of the world, yet a native 
of the place where he is now practicing, is Dr. Paul Engle, 
of Middlebourne, Tyler county, \\'est Mrginia. He is a representative 
of an old and prominent family of this section, which, like so many oth- 
ers in the northern counties of West \^irginia, came hither from Western 
Pennsylvania. 

(I) Christian Engle, the first member of this family about whom we 
have definite information, came from Greensboro, Pennsylvania, in the 
pioneer days of Northwestern \'irginia, and settled at Middlebourne. He 
was a gunsmith. In the life of the \^irginian community where he had 
settled, he held a prominent place. Here he served for a time as deputy 
county clerk, and for fifty years he held the ofiice of circuit clerk of the 
county. He married Amy, daughter of Peter Hartley. Children : Laura, 
married Robert Martin ; Peter, Lydia, Nancy, married William Hatch ; 
Benjamin A., of whom further ; Ezra. 

(II) Benjamin A., son of Christian and Amy (Hartley) Engle, was 
born at Middlebourne, Tyler county, \'irginia, June 22, 1848, and died at 
Middlebourne, October 3, 1912. While he held the office of deputy 
clerk of the county, he was engaged in the study of law and in 1874 he 
was admitted to tlie bar. From that time to his death, he was practicing 
law at Middlebourne. He was a member of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, and the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks. Mr. Engle married Nancy E., daughter of Judge Stealey. 
Children: Paul, of whom further: Thomas S., born January 2, 1876, de- 
ceased ; Amy, married I. M. Underwood. 

(III) Dr. Paul Engle, son of Benjamin A. and Nancy E. (Stealey) 
Engle, was born at Middlebourne, May 8, 1874. His early education 
was received partly in the public, and partly in private schools. For his 
professional studies, he went first to the University of Maryland, was 
graduated and received therefrom the degree of Doctor of Medicine, as 
a member of the class of 1901. Dr. Engle soon took further graduate 
study at the Polyclinic Medical College in Philadelphia in the year 1905. 
having been engaged, between his graduation and that time, in the prac- 
tice of his profession at ^Middlebourne. On leaving the Polyclinic ;\Iedi- 
cal College, he went to London, England, and took advanced work in the 
^Metropolitan Clinic. For a few years Dr. Engle practiced in Los .\ngeles, 
California, and he was. in 1910-1911. in the city hospital there. But he 
returned to Middlebourne in 191 1, and is now successfully engaged in 
practice at this place, and holds the office of health physician. Dr. En- 
gle is a member of the city council also. He is a member of the Free 
and Accepted ^lasons. Dr. Engle married. April 18, 1907, Bessie I., 
daughter of Solomon and iMary Shoup. Dr. and Mrs. Engle have no 
children. 



240 WEST VIRGINIA 

While the origin of surnames is a subject about which few 
HILL undisputed statements can be made, there is a large group of 

English surnames which it is natural to regard as adopted 
from local characteristics, whether belonging to nature or to the work of 
man, such as Hill, Wood, Lake, Pond. Forest, Park, Hall ; and many of 
these are found also in a plural or possessive form, as Hills, Woods, 
Parks, Waters, and the like. The name Hill is by no means uncommon 
among Americans of British descent, and has been borne by a number of 
persons of distinction. 

(I) Thomas Hill, the first member of this family about whom we 
have definite information, came in 1825, from Marion county, Virginia, 
to Tyler county, \'irginia. In Tyler county he was a successful farmer. 
He married Margaret ; child, Lycurgus. of whom further. 

(II) Lycurgus, son of Thomas and Margaret ( ) Hill, was born 

at McKim, Tyler county, Virginia, in 1837, and died in March, 1902. He 
was a farmer and later a harness-maker. In religion he was a member 
and one of the staunch supporters of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
He married Louisa, daughter of Jacob and Minerva (Miner) Lantz, who 
died in November, 1903. Children: Fienjamin, Minerva, married Waldo 
Broadwater ; Lettie, married Harvey Alarsh : Lina F., married N. D. 
Marsh ; Thomas P., of whom further. 

(III) Thomas P., son of Lycurgus and Louisa (Lantz) Hill, was 
born in Tyler county, West Virginia, August 24, 1873. His education 
was begun in the public schools, including the high school grades, and he 
afterward attended the state normal school at Glenville, West Virginia. 
Then he studied law at the L'niversity of West A'irginia, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar. In 1904 he came to Middlebourne, Tyler county. West 
Virginia, where he has since that time made his home, and been engaged, 
with success, in the practice of his profession and he is also a director of 
the First National Bank of IMiddlebourne. Mr. Hill has taken an active 
interest in educational matters also. In 1902 he was elected to the house 
of delegates of this state, and two years later he was elected state sena- 
tor. During his term in the senate, he served as chairman of the com- 
mittee on education, and through his influence the whole body of school 
laws of the state was revised. Of the first law establishing a county 
high school in the state of West Virginia, Mr. Hill was the author, and 
the first school of this character was established in Tyler county at 
Middlebourne. In 1894. he was chosen county superintendent of schools 
for this county; and he is at the present time (1913) principal of the 
public school at Middlebourne. He is a member of the. Knights of 
Pythias. Mr. Hill's church is the Methodist Episcopal. He married. 
June 30, 1901, Cora, daughter of S. A. and Dorcas (Stoucking) Allen. 
Qiildren : Earl, born August 3, 1902: Pearl, born May 21, 1904: Freder- 
ick, born June 11, 1907; Thomas P., born June 25, 191 1. 



This name is found in various parts of the country and 
CARTER the present family is of Virginia origin. 

(I) Henry Carter, the first member of this family 
about whom we have definite information, lived in the eastern part of 
Virginia, afterward in what is now Upshur county. West Virginia. He 

married , and had a child, Henry Emerson, of whom further. 

(II) Henry Emerson, son of Henry and Carter, was born at 

Sago, L^pshur county, Mrginia, in 1838, and died in 1879. He was a 
Methodist preacher. Mr. Carter married Samantha, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Nancy Reed, who died February 21, 1910. Children: Mar- 
doinus L., Florence May. married J. G. ]\Iayfield : Dora J., married L. L. 



WEST VIRGINIA 241 

Swan: Georgiana E., married J. C. Mayfield; Edward E.. William H., 
married ; Olin C, of whom further. 

(Ill) Olin C. son of Henry Emerson and Samantha (Reed) Carter, 
was born at Sago, Upshur county. West \'irginia. May 12, i8(k). He 
attended the public schools, and for seven years thereafter was engaged 
in school teaching. After this, he attended the state normal school at 
Eairmont. But changing his plans for a career, and determining to en- 
ter the practice of the law, he then attended the law department of the 
University of West Virginia, and he was graduated therefrom in i8g6, 
when he received the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Shortly after his 
graduation, he came to Middlebourne, Tyler county. West \'irginia, 
where he has lived since that time, and been successfully engaged in the 
practice of his profession. Two years later, in 1898, he entered the firm 
of Boreman & Carter and this firm has continued unbroken to the present 
time. Mr. Olin C. Carter married, at Middlebourne, in September, 1903, 
Mary F. McCay, daughter of Thomas and Minerva McCay. Child, Vir- 
ginia L., born October 27, 1907. 



It would probably be difficult to find an extended part of 
SMITH the United States, north, south, east, or west, where this 

surname would not be the most common in occurrence of 
all, It has existed in America from the earliest times, has long borne a 
relative frequency at least comparable to that which it now has, and has 
been brought to this country continually by new immigrants. Beside 
the Smiths of British origin, much the largest portion of the whole, 
there are other Smiths of Dutch descent, whose name was originally 
Smit or Smitt, and of German descent. The reason for the frequency 
of this name is to be sought in its origin. While there is much disagree- 
ment among students of the subject concerning the origins and meanings 
of surnames, many English surnames certainly seem to be names of oc- 
cupation, at first designating the bearer as a man following such a trade 
or profession, and it is natural to assign Smith to this class of names. As 
"smiths" are necessary to the maintenance and prosperity of any com- 
munity, with the possible exception of the exclusively agricultural. Smith 
would, with the passing of trade names into surnames, quite naturally 
have become at once a very common family name, and not the name of a 
single family, nor that of a few families, but from the very first the com- 
mon surname of many families. Variant forms of this name, of much less 
frequent occurrence, are Smyth and Smythe. Names pointing to more 
specialized occupations, very much less frequent, are such as Goldsmith 
and Arrowsmith. It may be added that many persons of the Smith name 
have gained distinction, for there have been a large number of states- 
men and publicists in this country bearing this surname. 

( I) John Smith, the first member of this family about whom we have 
definite information, lived in Greene county, Pennsylvania. The name 
of his wife is not known, but he had a son Isaac, of whom further. 

(II) Isaac, son of John Smith, came from Greene county. Pennsyl- 
vania, to Tyler county, A'irginia, and in this state he was a farmer. He 

married , daughter of Samuel S. Birkhead. Her father was the 

first county clerk of Tyler county. Child, David M., of whom further. 

(III) David M., son of Isaac and (Birkhead) Smith, was born 

near Centerville, Tyler county, Virginia. He was a merchant at Center- 
ville, till he retired from business activity. In his young manhood, he 
was on two occasions elected assessor of the county. He married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Dr. Samuel and Amanda (Wells) Morey, who died 
in 1879. Child: Harrv W., of whom further. 

16 



242 WEST VIRGINIA 

(IV'j Harry W., son of David Al. and Margaret (AloreyJ Smith, 
was born at Centerville, September i, 1868. Having attended the pubhc 
schools, he went for further study to the University of West \'irginia. 
In 1894 j\lr. Smith was appointed deputy-sheriff of Tyler county, and 
he served for two years. In 1897 he bought the Tyler County Star, one 
of the leading newspapers of this county, which is still owned by him. 
Since 1909 he has been postmaster of Middlebourne. He is a member o. 
the P>ee and Accepted Masons and of the Knights of Pythias. Mr. 
Smith is a Republican. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and active in its work, being a class leader and teacher in the 
Sunday school of this denomination at Middlebourne. He married, 
December 25, 1901, Alary, daughter of A. S. and Helen (Snodgrass) 
McDougal. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have no children. 



Dr. Lewis Van Gilder Guthrie, superintendent of the 
GUTHRIE West Virginia Asylum, at Huntington, is a representa- 
tive of the American branch of a family of Scottish 
origin, the members of which, in the successive generations, have ren- 
dered distinguished service as soldiers, statesmen and members of the 
learned professions. 

John Guthrie, the original American ancestor of Dr. Guthrie, emi- 
grated from Edinburgh. Scotland, and located in Boston, Massachusetts. 
in 1682. 

(II) Francis Guthrie, son of Dr. Nathan G. Guthrie, and grand- 
father of Dr. Guthrie, was born in New York state, died at the venerable 
age of eight-four years. He was a minister of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and for forty years he labored zealously and continuously in 
West Virginia. 

(III) Francis A., son of Francis Guthrie, was born April 12, 1840, 
in Tyler county, Virginia. He was a college student in Meadville, Penn- 
sylvania, when the outbreak of the civil war changed the current of his 
life. He volunteered as a private, enlisting September 10, 1861, was 
promoted a sergeant, November 2, of the same year, and again promoted 
in July, 1862. The following November he was made first lieutenant, 
and on March 30, 1863, was promoted to captain of Company E, One 
Hundred and Eleventh Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. He 
remained in the army throughout the war and saw much active service. 
After the return of peace he studied at Ann Arbor University, grad- 
uating from the Law School, and settled at Point Pleasant, West Vir- 
ginia, where he successfully practised his profession. In 1880 he was 
elected by a very large majority judge of the seventh judicial circuit, was 
re-elected in 1888 for another term of eight years, and for a third term 
in 1896. He also served a term as state's attorney. In politics Judge 
Guthrie was a Republican. He married Clara, daughter of Amocy V'an 
Gilder, a native of New Jersey, who passed his life as a fanner in Ches- 
hire, Ohio. Judge Guthrie died in 1904, at his home at Point Pleasant, 
leaving a record of forty years' honorable professional and public ser- 
vice. In early manhood he served his country on the battlefield, while 
the long years of his maturity were devoted to the maintenance and exe- 
cution of her laws. 

(IV) Dr. Lewis Van Gilder Guthrie, only child of Francis .-V. and 
Clara (Van Gilder) Guthrie, was born January 8, 1868. at Point Pleas- 
ant, West Virginia. He received his early education in the schools of 
the neighborhood, then studying at the Polytechnic College at Rlacksburg. 
V'irginia, and afterward at Roanoke College, Virginia. On leaving that 
institution he entered The College of Physicians and Surgeons, of Bal- 




z^- 



^ 



WEST VIRGINIA 243 

timore, and while an undergraduate was appointed assistant resident 
pliysician at the Maternity Hospital, and graduated in 18S9 with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. He at once began practice at Point 
Pleasant, and during the nine years that followed acquired a large con- 
nection and built up an enviable reputation. On June i, 1897, Dr. Guth- 
rie was appointed superintendent nt the Second Hospital for the Insane 
at Spencer, West Virginia, and after filling this position four years re- 
signed in order to accept his present office, on June 4. 1901. 

Dr. Guthrie has been markedly successful both in his profession and 
in his business undertakings. While a resident of Spencer he was presi- 
dent of the Bank of Spencer, and has served as a director or officer in 
numerous Huntington corporations, and is at present vice-president of 
the First National P>ank of Huntington. In politics Dr. Guthrie is a 
Republican. His first political appointment was during the Harrison 
administration when he was appointed local pension examining surgeon. 
He affiliates with the Point Pleasant Blue Lodge and Chapter of Ma- 
sons and Huntington Commandery, No. 9. 

Dr. Guthrie married, June 15, 1889. at Point Pleasant, Margar(t 
Lynn, a native of that place, daughter of Judge John W. English, of the 
court of appeals, and his wife, Fannie (Lewis) English. The latter died 
in T900, and Judge English, now over eighty years old, is living in re- 
tirement at Point Pleasant. Dr. and Mrs. Guthrie are the parents of two 
daughters: Kathleen Lewis, now the wife of Frank W. McCullough, of 
Huntington; and Fannie Elizabeth, eleven years old. The home of Dr. 
Guthrie is a residence set aside for the superintendent of the institution, 
and while situated in the delightful seclusion aflForded by the beautiful 
grounds is actually but a short distance from the business center of Hunt- 
ington. 

The West A^'irginia .\sylum was originallv the ^^''est Virginia .Asylum 
for Incurables, and was authorized bv the legislature of 1897. Tn loor 
it was deemed expedient to convert it into an institution for the insane, 
with a department for epileptics and imbeciles, and thenceforth its de- 
velopment was rapid. The legislature of t90.'^ changed the name from 
.A.svhim for Incurables to West A^irginia Asylum. Dr. Guthrie and others 
being strongly in favor of substituting the word "hospital" for that of 
"asylum." the suggestion meeting, however, with unreasonable opposi- 
tion. The institution is situated on a site consisting of thirty acres of 
land donated to the state by the city of Huntington, the contour of the 
ground affording a natural drainage and suitable sites for the buildings, 
which are surrounded bv natural forests of more than a thousand mag- 
nificent trees. For the last twelve vears Dr. Guthrie has presided with 
distingtu'shed success over this jreat institution, wisely directing its work 
of benevolence and meeting; with fc^rethoucrht and decision the responsi- 
bilities of his important office. The present population of the institution 
('1QT2) is five hundred and fifty. 



Powell Hooper was born in Buckingham county, A^'irginia, 
HOnPER in 1840. and died there in 1892, aged fifty-two 'years. He 

was a farmer bv occupation and during the entire period 
of the civil war was a loyal soldier in the Confederate ranks. He partici- 
pated in several important battles and for many months was confined in a 
hospital as the result of iniuries received at the front. He married Wil- 
lie .Ann Holman, who was likewise born in Buckingham county. A^'irginia. 
and who is now a resident of .Albemarle county, A^irginia : she is fifty- 
eight years old. There were seven children born to !\Tr. and Mrs. Hoop- 
er, namely: Eugene, died in infancy: John Holman, is a farmer in Albe- 



244 WEST VIRGINIA 

marie county, Virginia: George Lewis, maintains his home in Kentucky; 
Ellen Powell, is the wife of H. S. Holman, of Cartersville, Virginia; 
Tandy Holman, mentioned below : Dollie M.. married Harry Culberth, of 
Dillwyn, X'irginia : William Powell, is a resident of Fayetteville, West 
Virginia. 

(II) Tandy Hdman, sun nf I'.iwell and Willie Ann (Holman) 
Hooper, was born in Buckingham county, \irginia, June 12, 1878. He 
was educated in the public schools of his native place and subsequently 
pursued a commercial course in a business college at Richmond. He was 
reared to the invigorating discipline of the old home farm and early be- 
came associated with his father and brothers in the work and manage- 
ment of the same. He remained at liome until he had reached his nine- 
teenth year and in 1898 came to West Virginia, locating at Glen Jean, 
where he worked in a general store for several years. In the latter part 
of the year 1905, he came to Oak Hill, in Fayette county, and here ac- 
cepted the position of cashier of the Merchants & Miners Bank, which 
opened its doors for business January i, 1906. This bank has a capital 
and surplus of seventy-five thousand dollars and deposits amounting to 
over two hundred thousand dollars. Its official corps is as follows : 
George W. Jones, president ; J. S. Lewis, vice-president, and Tandy H. 
Hooper, cashier. The board of directors consists of the above officers 
and in addition to them, R. Mankin, George M. Jones, W. L. Lee, J. 
Clapperton, Jr., J. P. Staton, S. W. Price and R. H. Dickinson. In poli- 
tics Mr. Hooper owns a stalwart allegiance to the principles and policies 
for which the Democratic party stands sponsor, and in a fraternal way 
he is afifiliated with Oak Hill Lodge, No. 120, Free and Accepted ]\Iasons, 
of which he is master ( 1912). In his religious faith he is a devout mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. At Scarbro, West Vir- 
ginia, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Hooper to Josephine Dillard, 
who was born in the vicinity of Montgomery, Fayette county. West Vir- 
ginia. Her parents have been dead for many years. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hooper have two children: Frank Powell, born May 12, 1904, and ]\Iary 
Ann, born September 10, 1905. 



This name, while not of the greatest frequency of occur- 
LONG rence, is found in various parts of the LTnited States. Prob- 
ably the best-known American bearer of this name has been 
John D. Long, of Massachusetts, at one time secretary of the navy of 
the L'nited States. The present family has been established now for 
three generations in Tyler countv. West Virginia, and came into this 
state from Western Pennsylvania. A family of this name, of Irish des- 
cent, was settled in Fayette county. Pennsylvania, before the revolu- 
tion : several members of the family took part in that conflict, and some 
members of this family moved from Fayette into Greene county. It 
seems probable that the present family is of this stock. 

(I) George Long, the first member of this family about whom we 
have definite information, was born in Greene county, Pennsylvania. 
With his wife he came into Tyler county, Virginia, and here he was a 
prosperous farmer. He married Lydia Johnson. Children: Ely B., 
Rachel M., married Jefiferson Davis; Elizabeth, married Elias Wells; 
Ruth, married Benjamin Clovi ; Caroline, married ^^^ A. Flesher; 
George W., Sarah E.. and Johnson G., of whom further. 

(Tl) Johnson G., son of George and Lvdia (Johnson") Loncf, w'as 
born on the homestead in T^der county, Virginia, March 13, 1845. ^^ 
is one of the successful farmers of the county, and has held many pub- 
lic offices in his district. In the civil war, he enlisted in Company E, 



WEST MRGINIA 245 

Fourteenth Regiment, West \irginia \'olunteer Infantry. He is a mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic. His church membership is in 
the Christian church, of which he is one of the strong supporters. He 
married Angeline, daughter of Enos Smith, who died December 24, 1909. 
Children: Will E., of whom further; Mattie F., married Emerson 
Hill; Mary A., married J. H. Robinson; O. Key, W. O., Minnie G., de- 
ceased, married R. J. Meade: Myrtle B., married F. C. Gorrell ; Maud B. 
and Golden R. 

(HI) \\'ill E., son of Johnson G. and Angeline (Smith) Long, 
was born in Tyler county. West Virginia, April 25, 1870. His educa- 
tion was received in the public schools and in the Mountain State Busi- 
ness College, at Parkersburg. His early life was spent on the farm 
where he was born, and here he worked until he accepted a position with 
the Eureka Pipe Line. In this employment Mr. Long remained for eight 
years. He has been constable of his district. Then he was elected as- 
sessor, and he served eight years in this position. In 1908 he was elected 
sheriff of the county. He has been sergeant-at-arms of the state senate 
also, in 1906. He is director of a bank at Middlebourne and director 
of the Fire Association. He is a member of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias at Middlebourne. and the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, at Sistersville. At Middlebourne he 
makes his home. His religion is that of the Christian church. His 
grandfather built a church of this denomination on his farm, and Mr. 
Long is a member of the congregation which worships in this building. 
On January i. 1913, Mr. Long retired to his farm, where he has built a 
nice new house and barns and has one of the finest up-to-date farms in 
the county. He married, .\pril 25, 1898, Lucy M., daughter of John and 
Adeline Seckma. Child. ^label, born June 27. 1900. 



John Brown, a native of Mrginia, was a prominent farmer 
r,ROA\'X in Albntgomery county, that state, during his active life. 

His demise occurred in Montgomery county in 1836. He 
married and had a son Charles C, mentioned below. 

(11) Charles C. son of John Brown, was born at Christiansburg, 
Montgomery county, Virginia, in 1826, and he died at Mount Hope, 
West \'irginia, in 1910. aged eighty-four years. He was a mechanic by 
trade and lived in IMount Hope for half a century. For four years he 
was a mounted soldier in the Confederate army and during the three days 
of the battle of Gettysburg was despatch bearer. He participated in 
many other important battles of the civil war but was never seriously 
wounded. It is worthy of note here that Mr. Brown was a total ab- 
stainer, never having touched liquor in his life. He was highly esteemed 
as a worthy citizen at Mount Hope and his death was uniformly mourned 
throughout Fayette county. He married Martha M. Blake, a native of 
Mount Hope and a resident of this city (1912) : she is seventy-seven 
years old. Her father. William Blake, was one of the old pioneer farmers 
in Fayette county and when he came to this district had a grant of sev- 
enteen thousand acres of land in the vicinity of Mount Hope. Mr. and 
Mrs. Brown had seven children, one of whom, Annie, is deceased, her 
death having occurred in 1879, aged eighteen years. The other children 
are : William Henry, a farmer near Shady Spring, West A^irginia ; ^lol- 
lie J., wife of Charles Pack, of Shady Spring; Elizabeth Cecille, now Mrs. 
A. "D. Moseley. of ^^lount Hope ; Arrie M., wife of Cabbell Moseley, of 
Mount Hope: Charles Milton, mentioned below; and Rosie F., widow 
of A. P. Bailey, conducts the Central Hotel at ^Nfount Hope and is the 
owner of considerable property in this city. 



246 WEST A'IRGINIA 

(III) Dr. Charles ^^Jilton Brown, son of Charles C. and Martha AI. 
(Blake) Brown, was born at Mount Hope, Fayette county, West Virginia 
I'^bruary i8, 1870. His preliminary educational training was obtained 
in the Mount Hope public schools and in the University of Louisville, in 
which institution he studied medicine. He was licensed to practice med- 
icine in West Virginia in 1896 and in that year located at Jumping 
Branch. Summers county. Subsequently he attended the Maryland Med- 
ical College, at Baltimore, and was graduated therein as a member of the 
class of 1902, with the degree of Doctor of Aledicine. He has since been 
engaged in medical work at Mount Hope and is held in high renown here 
as an unusually skilled physician and surgeon. His professional ser- 
vice has been prompted by a laudable ambition for advancement as well 
as by deep sympathy and humanitarian principles that urge him to put 
forth his best efforts in the alleviation of pain and suffering. He has 
gained recognition from his contemporaries as one of the representative 
doctors in West A^irginia and the trust reposed in him by the public is 
indicated by the liberal patronage awarded him. He is a Democrat in 
politics and is a member of the Christian church. 

In 1893. at Mount Hope, Dr. Brown married Ida Lee Turner, who 
was born in Fayette county. West Virginia, daughter of William and 
Jane (Bragg) Turner, the former of whom is deceased and the latter of 
whom is a resident of Mount Hope. Mr. Turner was born in Scotland 
and was a mine foreman prior to his death. Dr. and Mrs. Brown became 
the parents of seven children, of whom Charles William died in infancy. 
Those living are: Maude A., Iris L., Gladys F., Regina V., Hercules A. 
i nd Maxine. 



David B. Smith, the distinguished public man and state 
SMITH senator, a man of commanding influence throughout his 

state, was born near Baltimore, Maryland, April 13, 1861. 
Mis career was a remarkable instance of the success for himself, and of 
wide and wholesome power in the community, achieved thiough a reso- 
lute will and an energy, ambition, and ability that never faltered at the 
most serious obstacles. Though he died one of the leading men of the 
state, he had, through the reverses of war, begun life without means. 
Through sheer pluck he made his way up to the highest positions in the 
state and wielded an influence second to none. He was the son of L. J. 
Smith, who served on the Confederate side in the civil war and lost 
everything. 

A few years of the boy's early childhood were spent in the public 
schools, but it soon became necessary for him to go to work. Thus at 
the age of nine years he went out into the world to support himself and 
help support his father's family. His first work was as a helper in a har- 
vest field, doing his tasks among the men employed there so as to gain him 
the commendation of the man in charge. From being a farm hand he 
went into the employ of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad Company, be- 
ginning in the round-house wiping engines. From that he passed on to 
the coal bin where he shovelled coal, becoming next a machinist's helper 
and soon mastering the machinist's trade. He then fired a locomotive, 
and finally became a locomotive engineer. He was only fifteen years old 
when he went into the machine shops of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad 
Company, and was seventeen when in 1878 he secured the place of fire- 
man with the road. He held the responsible position of locomotive engi- 
neer for thirty-two years, running during that time many special trains 
in which rode directors and noted visitors of the road. On many occa- 
sions he was entrusted with the specials on which were Morgan, Depew, 




/),/3. 



z 




WEST MRGINIA 247 

\'anderbilt, Astor, Ingalls, Huntington, Harriman and many others of the 
distinguished railroad men of the country. He hauled Mr. Bryan on his 
speaking tour through the state, and in 1900 j\Ir. Smith made the ac- 
quaintance of Colonel Roosevelt on his speaking tour through Kentucky 
and West \'irginia. He had charge of Colonel Roosevelt's special train at 
that time and from then on was a warm personal friend and ardent sup- 
porter of Colonel Roosevelt. In all the long years of his career as a loco- 
motive engineer. Air. Smith, who was a total abstainer, never had a blot 
against him and left an absolutely clean record. Upon leaving the service 
of the company in whose employ he had been so long, .Mr. Smith went out 
'o California. His stay there was, however, short, and after a few months 
in the west he returned to Huntington, West A'irginia, where he lived 
until his death. As a business man he put the same qualities into play 
he had shown in his earlier manhood in the exacting employ of a great 
railroad. He had great executive ability and a remarkable intuition of 
human character. It was owing to this, probably, that he met with such 
success as an organizer of business projects. Xot only did he represent 
several lines of insurance with noteworthy success but he organized and 
carried into a prosperous career the Huntington Stove Company and 
also the National Produce and Feed Company. 

A Republican in his convictions, IMr. Smith carried into politics the 
whole-souled enthusiasm and tireless activity that were characteristic oi 
the man. He served in various high official positions, being a council- 
man of Huntington and holding a seat in that body for two terms, and 
being twice elected to the legislature. In 1908 he was elected to the state 
senate to serve until 1912. In all these offices he left a record that was 
not only above reproach but was one full of the intense and unselfish ac- 
tivity of the man. He was elected by acclamation as one of the "Big Six" 
delegates-at-large to the Republican National Convention at Chicago. 
While a member of the lower house he was always one of the floor lead- 
ers and was appointed to serve on the most important committees. It be- 
came remarked that any measure that he favored always was carried 
through. To him belongs a large share of the credit for the tax laws of 
\\'est Virginia which are considered among the best in the country. To 
him was due also the ingenious move which successfully carried through 
the Prohibition amendment permitting the people to vote on the liquor 
question in 1912. Noted for his promptness, regularity in attendance, 
and hard work he was as conspicuous for the definite and clear cut stand 
he took on any subject and for his fair dealing and courtesy to an oppo- 
nent. . His early interest in Colonel Roosevelt and his policies has been 
mentioned. He became a strong adherent of Progressive principles, 
and was an important factor in carrying the state for Roosevelt. He had 
been known so long as a strong Progressive that it was inevitable that he 
should be sent as the delegate of the West Mrginia Progressive Conven- 
tion to the Progressive Convention at Chicago, August 5, 1912. He was 
thus, strangely enough, a delegate to two national conventions in one year. 
In his own phrase he "attended the funeral of one party and the birth of 
another." 'Sir. Smith was a thirty-second degree Mason and belonged 
also to the Odd Fellows. He and his wife were members of the Baptist 
church and earnest and active in church work of all kinds ; he was a dea- 
con in this church for a number of years. Not only a religious man Mr. 
Smith exerted a powerful influence along moral lines among the men of 
the railroad and elsewhere. He discouraged both by precept and exam- 
ple the use of tobacco and alcohol, and always strongly advocated with 
the men their saving their money to buy homes. 

Mr. Smith married, February 24, 1885. at Huntington, Lizzie B. 
^^V)ody, a native of Putnam county. West \"irginia, where she was born 



248 WEST MRGIXIA 

on Christmas day, 1867. Her father, Samuel Woody, has been dead 
twenty-eight years. Her mother, Margaret ( Carr j Woody, now seventy- 
five years old, makes her home with her daughter in Huntington. One 
son was born to Senator and Mrs. Smith, George Edward, who died 
twenty-five years ago. 

In the prime of life and in the full flush of the honors he had so 
justly won. Senator Smith died suddenl)-, January 20, 1913. Beloved and 
revered not only by the smaller community in which he had made his 
home, but throughout the state at large, his death has left a void that 
will not soon be filled. His life, though one of splendid and useful 
achievement, was one of still greater promise. His was a striking and 
lovable personality, and one whose value to the state it would be hard to 
overestimate. The death of a man of this type is an enduring loss to 
the community that mourns him and among the wider circles of the 
human brotherhood whom he served with such zeal and fidelity he will 
long be remembered as an example of dauntless courage, of unselfish de- 
votion to the public good, and of the highest graces of Christian man- 
hood. 



r)f staunch Irish extraction, this family traces its an- 
McGUIRE cestry to Edwin Alciiuire. who was born in Ireland and 

immigrated to America as a young man. locating in 
Summers county. West \'"irginia. He was a farmer and stockman and 
died in Summers county at the age of sixty-five 3'ears. 

(II) Morris, son of Edwin McQuire, was born in Albemarle count}', 
Virginia. His entire active career was devoted to mining enterprises 
but since 1910 he has lived retired at Lewisburg, West \'irginia, where 
he is the owner of an attractive residence property. His birth occurred 
in May, 1855. His wife, who was Janet Kay in her maidenhood, was 
born near Edinburgh, Scotland, August 31, 1857. Her father, Thomas 
Kay, was likewise born in Scotland and came to America with his fam- 
ily in 1869, settling first in Pennsylvania, later in ^Maryland and event- 
ually in West Mrginia. He was a brick mason by trade and was also in- 
terested in farming operations during his lifetime: he died in Fayette 
county, West Mrginia. aged seventy-seven years. Mrs. McQuire was 
a girl of but twelve years when she accompanied her parents to Amer- 
ica. Her marriage to Mr. AIcGuire was solemnized at Quinnimont. West 
Mrginia, in 1880. and this union was prolific of five children, all of 
whom are living at the present time, namely: Thomas E.. mentioned 
below ; Jessie Kay, is a teacher in the Mount Hope public schools : Mor- 
ris J., is a dentist by profession and lives in Ohio : Jean, is a teacher and 
lives at home : and Ethel Grace, now attending school at Lewisburg. 
Jessie K. and Morris J. were graduated in the Concord Xormal School, 
nt .'\thens, \\'est \^irginia. and Jean was graduated in Huntington Col- 
lege. 

(III) Dr. Thomas E. McGuire. son of Morris and Janet (Kay) Mc- 
Guire. was born at Quinnimont, Fayette county, \\'est A'irginia, Sep- 
tember 24, 1881. He was educated in the Quinnimont public schools and 
for several years attended the Concord Normal School, at .Athens, West 
\'irginia. As a youth he decided upon the medical profession as his life 
work and with that object in view entered the Maryland Afedical Col- 
lege, at Baltimore, in which he was graduated in IQ04. with the degree 
of Doctor of Medicine. His first work as a physician and surgeon w;i-; 
at Sun. West ^^i^ginia, where he was assistant to Dr. A. F. Haynes for 
n period of two vears at the end nf which. Janunrv i. lOC^. he came to 
Mount Hope, his offices being in the Rank of Mount Hope Building. 



WEST VIRGINIA 249 

On April 22, 19 13, Dr. McGuire removed to Yolyn, Logan county, West 
Virginia, where he is a physician and surgeon for several of the large coal 
companies located in that district. He is well deserving of the splendid 
success he is gaining in his professional work for his equipment was 
unusually good, and he has continually extended the scope of his labors 
through the added efficiency that comes from keeping in touch with the 
marked advancement that has been made by members of the medical 
fraternity in recent years. He is a member of several representative 
medical organizations and in politics is a Republican. He is a stock- 
holder in the Bank of Mount Hope and is a stockholder and director 
in the Warner Real Estate Company. In the Masonic order he has com- 
pleted the circle of the Scottish Rite branch, having reached the thirty- 
second degree. In religious matters he is a Presbyterian. 

Dr. McGuire married, June 11, 1913. Josie ]\I. Fulton, daughter of 
S. B. Fulton, of Huntington, West \'irginia, land agent for the Ritter 
Lumber Company of Huntington. West Virginia. 



Man}' of the sterling and representative families of West 
HORAX \'irginia trace their ancestry to staunch Irish extraction. 
Patrick D. Horan was born and reared in Ireland and im- 
migrated to America as a young man. settling in Summersville, West Vn- 
ginia, whence he later removed to Louisville, Kentucky. He was a teach- 
er by occupation, was a Republican in politics and in religious matters 
was a devout communicant of the Roman Catholic church. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Mary Catherine Duffy, was born at Summers- 
ville, West \''irginia, where was solemnized her marriage to Mr. Horan. 
There were eight children born to this union : Theodore B., mentioned 
below ; Andrew J., Thomas C, ]\largaret, Minnie, Patrick C, R. Emmet 
and Beirne. 

dl) Theodore Rrannon. sin of Patrick D. and Mary Catherine 
(Duffy) Horan, was born in Louisville, Kentucky. He was indebted to 
the public schools of his native place for his early educational training, 
and after reaching years of maturity devoted his attention to the study of 
law. coming to West ^'irginia where for many years he was prosecuting 
attorney in both Webster and Nicholas counties. He married .Agnes 
Rowena Thornton, a native of Summersville, West \'irginia, and daugh- 
ter of Patrick and Catherine Thornton, both of whom were born in Ire- 
land. Children ; Tliomas Brownson, deceased ; Alary -Alice. John Spald- 
ing, mentioned below ; Daisy, Irene, Grace and Patrick Dana. 

(Ill) John Spalding, third child of Theodore B. and Agnes Rowena 
(Thornton) Horan. was born at Webster Springs. West A'irginia, No- 
vember 12, 1884. He was educated in the Summersville Normal School, 
at Summersville. \\'est A'irginia. pursued a business course in the Capital 
Cit}- Commercial College, at Charleston, West A'irginia, and in June, 
191 1, was graduated in the law department of Georgetown University, at 
A\'ashington, D. C. duly receiving the degree of Bachelor of Laws. His 
first responsible work was that of teaching school in the public schools 
of West A^irginia and he followed that vocation for a period of four 
years, at the expiration of which he accepted a position with the law firm 
of Brown, Jackson & Knight in Charleston. In 1908 he became private 
secretary to Hon. Joseph H. Gaines, member of congress from the third 
congressional district. He retained the latter position for the ensuing 
four years and thereafter was employed in a similar capacity by Senator 
Hitchcock, of Nebraska, for four months, during which time he was like- 
wise a student in Georgetown L'niversity. at Washington. He was a resi- 
dent of the "Capitol City" for fi>ur \ears and in iQii came to Alontgom- 



2SO \\'"EST A'IRGINIA 

cry, West Virginia, where lie initiated the active practice of his profes- 
sion and where he is rapidly gaining distinction as an able attorney and 
♦■lell fortified counselor. In June, 1912, he was nominated on the Re- 
publican ticket, for the house of delegates from Fayette county, West 
Virginia. His career is a splendid example of what may be accomplished 
by young manhood that is consecrated to ambition and high purposes. He 
is a self-made man and is recognized throughout this community for his 
high order of ability and his conscientious dealings with his clients. He 
met with many obstacles in obtaining his professional education but in- 
stead of discouraging him his hardships spurred him onward, giving him 
a momentum and force which have resulted since the period of his first 
struggles in steady progress and success and have brought him the esteem 
of both the judiciary and associate attorneys. J\lr. Horan's political alle- 
giance is given to the Republican partw in the local councils of which he 
is an active worker. 

November 16, 1910, occurred the marriage of Mr. Horan to Winifred 
Sullivan, the ceremony being performed at Washington, D. C. Mrs. 
Horan was born at Antigo, VVisconsin, and she is a daughter of John and 
Mary Sullivan, the former of whom is a carpenter by trade. There are 
three children in the Sullivan family: Winifred, Mary and Helen. ]\lr. 
and 2^1 rs. Horan have one child, John Sullivan Horan, whose birth oc- 
curred November 11, 1911. The Horans are devout Catholics. 



Andrew Jackson O'Neal was born in Raleigh county. West 
O'NEAL \"irginia, in 1847, and died in 1885, aged thirty-eight years. 

He was a prominent farmer in Raleigh county during his 
lifetime. His wife, whose maiden name was Frances Harper, was like- 
wise born in Raleigh county and she is now living at Fayetteville aged fif- 
ty-five years. In 1902 Mrs. O'Neal married James M. Page. Mr. and 
Mrs. O'Neal had six children: Candis, was the wife of Ambrose Dan- 
iels at the time of her demise in 1902: Emma, is the wife of I. W. Haw- 
kins, of Fayetteville; Virginia, married Savannah Anderson and they 
live at Barboursville, West Virginia; Lacy Burke, mentioned below; Al- 
bert J., is quartermaster in the LTnited States army and is located at New 
Orleans, Louisiana; and Ollie, died at the age of twelve years. 

(H) Lacy Burke, son of Andrew Jackson and Frances (Harper) 
O'Neal, was born at Beckley, Raleigh county. West Mrginia, May 10, 
1882. His father died when he was a mere baby and while he was yet 
a young boy he began to work in order to help support his widowed 
mother and the other children. Mrs. O'Neal removed with her family 
to Fayette county when Lacy B. was thirteen years old. Soon there- 
after he became a trapper boy in the Loop Creek mines and after being 
employed in that manner for one year he came with his mother to Fay- 
etteville. Here he entered the Fayetteville Academy and after leaving this 
n^stitution he worked his way through the Capital City Commercial Col- 
lege, at Charleston, the Hampden-Sidney College, in Virginia, and the 
West A^irginia University, in the law department of which last institution 
he was graduated in 1909, with the Bachelor of Laws degree. \MiiIe 
studying law he defrayed his expenses by working as bookkeeper and 
stenographer for two years and by acting as deputy-clerk under WU- 
liam Grafton in 1903-04-05. His first legal experience was obtained in 
Fayetteville, where he practised law for one year, at the expiration of 
which he came to Montgomery, here entering into a partnership alliance 
with Alexander L. Anderson, the firm of Anderson & O'Neal being one 
of the representative law combinations in Fayette county. These yonng 
lawyers are well known for their energy and for their devotion to the 



WEST \^IRGIXIA . 251 

interests of their clients and they have figured prominently in several 
important litigations in the state and federal courts. 

Politically, Air. O'Neal is an unswerving Republican and while he is 
not an aspirant for the honors or emoluments of public office he is ever 
on the alert and enthusiastically in sympathy with all measures and en- 
terprises projected for the good of the general welfare. His fraternal 
connections are with the Knights of Pythias, the Modern Woodmen of 
America and also the Fraternal Order of Eagles. He was reared a 
Presbyterian and is a member of the church of that denomination in 
Montgomery. Mr. O'Neal is unmarried. 



For generations back representatives of this family have 
DAVIS lived in Ohio. The forefathers were pioneers in the "Buck- 
eye" state, but early records concerning the ancestry have 
been lost track of and it is impossible to trace the genealogy. Joseph 
Davis, grandfather of Hon. Thomas J. Davis, present mayor of Mont- 
gomery, was a prominent farmer on the Ohio river, in Ohio, during his 
lifetime. He married and had a son Joseph, mentioned below. 

(II) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i ) Davis, was born at Minersville. 
Meigs county, Ohio, March 29, 1844, and died January 13, 1912, aged 
sixty-eight years. He was a miner by occupation and lived most of his 
life in Ohio, coming to Montgomery, West Virginia, in 1896, and here 
engaging in the mining of coal for W. R. Johnson, at Crescent. He had 
a brother Benjamin who was a Union soldier throughout the civil war. 
Mr. Davis married Jane Thomas, a native of Syracuse, Ohio, where her 
birth occurred November 28, 1856. She survives her honored husband 
and is now living with her son, Thomas J. Davis, of Montgomery. Chil- 
dren born to Mr. and Mrs. Davis : Thomas J., mentioned below ; Ben- 
jamin, born March 23, 1879, is engaged in the undertaking business at 
Montgomery; Joseph, born January 23, 1881, died in infancy; Alary 
Ann, born Januarj' 28, 1882, is the wife of James Frasier, of Eagle, 
West Virginia; Edward, born April 21, 1885, died April 14, 191 1; El- 
len, born May 19, 1887, is the wife of S. O. Norton, of Montgomery; 
Flossie, born March 21, 1890, is the wife of E. F. Kincaid, of Mont- 
gomery; and Bertha, born January 15, 1894, is the wife of C. P. Champe, 
of Alontgomery. 

(HI) Thomas J., son of Joseph (2) and Jane (Thomas) Davis, was 
born at Hartford City. Alason county. West \'irginia. February 27, 1876. 
He received but very meager educational advantages in his youth and 
at the age of ten years began to dig coal with his father in the vicinity 
of his birthplace. In 1896, at the age of twenty years, he accompanied 
his father to Montgomery and for the two ensuing years was engaged in 
the mining of coal for 'W. R. Johnson, at Crescent. In 1898 he entered 
the employ of Carver Brothers, of Edgewater, and mined coal for them 
for four years, at the expiration of which period he engaged in the 
restaurant business at Montgomery. In the spring of 1902 he was ap- 
pointed justice of the peace of the Kanawha district by the Fayette 
county court to fill the unexpired term of Eustace Hundley, who had 
just tendered his resignation. In the following autumn he was elected for 
a full term to the office of justice of the peace, he was re-elected in 1904 
and again in 1908, and is serving in that capacity at the present time. In 
1904 he was chosen secretary of the board of education of Kanawha dis- 
trict and he has since been incumbent of that position, ever manifesting a 
deep and sincere interest in all that tends to the betterment of educational 
facilities in this section of the state. 

A staunch Republican in his political convictions, Air. Davis has long 



252 _ WEST \IRGIXIA 

been active in the local councils of his party. In 1905 he became candi- 
date for the office of mayor of Montgomery. After an exciting cam- 
paign he won the election from Hon. J. C. Montgomery, a pioneer here, 
who had been mayor for the twelve preceding terms. In 1906 Mr. Davis 
was opposed in the office by L. G. Custer but was elected over him by 
a majority of two hundred and forty votes. In 1907 he was re-elected 
without opposition, ex-mayor ^Montgomery, his first opponent, appear- 
ing in the Republican convention and oiifering the motion that amounted 
to an endorsement by all parties. In 1908 he defeated J. C. Peters by a 
majority of two hundred and eighteen votes, and in 1909 was again 
elected without opposition, as he was also in the following year. In 
191 1 he received a majority of three hundred and ten votes over his 
opponent, O. P. Jameson, a prominent and influential citizen in Mont- 
gomen,'. He has proved a most capable administrator of the municipal 
affairs of Montgomery and during his regime many important im- 
provements have been established here. He is interested in a number of 
business enterprises of considerable importance in Fayette county. He 
is president of the Fayette Bottling & Ice Company and is a heavy stock- 
holder in the Montgomery Ice Cream & Bottling Works; he is likewise 
a stockholder in the West Mrginia Insurance Agency, of which impor- 
tant organization he was president for three years, and he is a director in 
the Montgomery & Cannellton Bridge Company. He is an energetic and 
progressive business man and it is interesting to note that his rise to a 
position of prominence in the commercial and official world of Fayette 
county is entirely the result of his well applied endeavors, no one having 
ever helped him in a financial way. In regard to his future as a public 
man the following appreciative and prophetic words are here incor- 
porated : 

In politics Mr- Da-\is is an enthusiastic Republican, and has become so promi- 
nent as one of its leaders in his own section that the voters of the entire county are 
being attracted by his personality, his splendid record in oflficial life, and look to him 
as the logical candidate for nomination for the office of sheriff in the ne.xt campaign. 
Without disparagement to any others who may aspire, it must be said that from mine 
pit to mine mouth, and from mine mouth to his present place of prominence in the 
afifairs of his community, "Tom" Davis has made good in every department and is 
recognized as one of the most useful as well as substantial citizens of this great 
county. 

Mr. Davis has been sheriff of Fayette count\- since November. 1912. 

November 16, 1894, ^Ir. Davis was united in marriage to Miss Cook, 
daughter of George and Henrietta Cook, who are now living on a farm 
near Shawnee, Ohio. There were three children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Davis, as follows : Bessie, died at the age of two years : Pearl, died in 
infancy, as did also Joseph. Mr. and Mrs. Davis are held in high esteem 
"by their fellow citizens and are renowned for genial hospitality and at- 
tractive entertainment. 



Of Scotch origin, the Duncan famil)' was founded in Vh- 
DUNC.AX ginia, in the early colonial epoch of our national history. 

The name of the emigrant ancestor is not known, in fact, 
but little can be learned of the early generations of this family in the Old 
Dominion commonwealth. The paternal grandfather of Dr. Harry An- 
drew Duncan, of Oak Hill, \\'est \^irginia, was a native of Amherst 
county, \'irginia, and he lived in his native state until 1845, when he re- 
moved to Fayette county. West \'irginia, becoming a prosperous farmer 
in the vicinity of Oak Hill, .\miing his children was .\rthur B,, men- 
tioned below. 



WKST \ IRGINIA 253 

(II) Arthur B. Duncan was born in Amherst county. \'irginia, in 
1843, ''rid he was but two years of age when the parental h(ime was es- 
tablished in Fayette county, this state. He is now living on the old farm 
on which his father settled in 1845 ^"d which is eligibly located two 
miles distant from Oak Hill. He was a Confederate soldier and experi- 
enced unusual hardships during the war. He was wounded in the Seven 
Days' battle at Richmond and still suffers from injuries received at that 
time. For a long period after that engagement he was confined in an 
army hospital. Subsequently he was captured by the enemy and im- 
prisoned for many months at Camp Chase. He is an ordained minister 
in the Brethren church and in addition to his religious work conducts the 
old farm on which he maintains his home. He is sixty-nine years of age 
but is still hale and hearty, his kindly voice and cheerful personality mak- 
ing him a decidedly welcome visitor in the homes of his many friends and 
acquaintances. He married Annie Sanger, who was born in Virginia, in 

• 1841, and who is a daughter of Henry Sanger, a farmer in Fayette 
county, this state, for some years prior to his demise. Children : Homer, 
deceased ; William H., a railroad employee, is a resident of Roanoke, Vir- 
ginia : Samuel E., is engaged in the music business at Oak Hill; Susie, 
died as a young girl ; Arthur J., lives on a farm near Oak Hill and is a 
rural mail carrier ; Harry A., mentioned below : James A., operates a 
farm located a mile and a half from Oak Hill ; Mary, died at the age of 
three years ; Sallie, is the wife of Ray Singer, of Thurmond. 

(III) Dr. Harry Andrew Duncan, son of Arthur B. and Annie 
(Sanger) Duncan, was born at Oak Hill, West Mrginia, January 17, 
1878. He assisted his father in the work and management of the home 
farm until he had reached his eighteenth year, in the meantime attending 
the common schools of Fayette county during the winter terms. He also 
attended the Fayette Academy for a time and thereafter taught school 
for five years in this county. In 1901, at the age of twenty-three years, 
he was matriculated as a student in the University College of Medicine 
at Richmond, \'irginia, in the dental department of which excellent insti- 
ution he was graduated with honors in 1904, duly receiving the degree of 
Doctor of Dental Surgery. While in Richmond he was president of the 
local Young Men's Christian Association and on his graduation was ten- 
dered a professorship in the college. He did not accept the latter but re- 
turned to Oak Hill and immediately entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession. He controls an extensive patronage at Oak Hill and in the terri- 
tory normally adjacent to this city. Since igo6 he has had offices in the 
Merchants & Miners Bank Building which are thoroughly equipped with 
all the modern appliances for up-to-date dental work. He makes a spec- 
ialty of inlay work, crowais, bridges, plate work, fillings of all kinds, treat- 
ing, orthodentia, extracting and general surgery of the mouth. 

At Oak Hill, in the fall of 1904, Dr. Duncan was united in marriage 
to Willia Yonce Haynes, a native of Montgomery county, \'irginia, and 
a daughter of James C. and Susan Virginia Haynes, the former of whom 
is deceased and the latter is living on the old Haynes homestead in Mont- 
gomery county ; this estate has been in the family for over one hundred 
and twelve years. Mrs. Haynes is sixty-seven years of age (1912). Two 
children were born to Dr. and Mrs. Duncan, but one of whom is living 
at the present time, namely, Harry Andrew, Jr., whose birth occurred 
April 18, 1907. 



254 WEST VIRGINIA 

The name Strickling may have been changed in spell- 
STRICKLING ing since tlie days of the emigrant, who probably 
brought the name in its original form, Strickland, 
from England. Changes in orthography are frequent in the early records. 
The earliest known member of this family served in the revolutionary 
army, and his son Henry Strickling, is reported as living in Virginia, a 
cultivator of the soil, who may have come from England with his father. 
The maternal grandfather of James Henry Strickling, the subject of this 
sketch, was David Bates, a farmer of Monroe county, Ohio. Several of 
his sons enlisted in the Union army during the civil war. 

William Strickling, son of Henry, was of Virginia birth, and died in 
1892, aged sixty-two years, at his old hime in Doddridge county. West 
Virginia. He was both a physician and a minister, combining his two 
lines of work successfully in that rugged and unsettled country. His 
wife, Matilda Bates, was born in Monroe county, Ohio, and is still livmg, 
at tlie age of eighty-four years, in Doddridge county. Their nine chil- 
dren, all living are: Alary, who married R. P. Findley; Albert E.. and 
Flavins E., of West Union, West Virginia ; John A., of Alvy, West Vir- 
ginia ; Leander B., and Newton R., of Deep Valley, the same state ; David 
B., of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania ; James Henry, of whom further ; and 
Lawrence, who is in the United States navy. 

In the last year of the civil war, on February 26, 1865, James Henry 
Strickling was born at the old Strickling homestead, in Doddridge county. 
West Virginia. Studying first in the local public schools, he then at- 
tended Bethany College, West Virginia, taking the Bachelor of Arts de- 
gree in 1889, and the post-graduate Master of Arts in 1891. For three 
years thereafter he conducted Harrodsburg Academy, at Harrodsburg, 
Kentucky, while devoting his leisure hours to the study of law. His 
true career commenced with his admission to the bar at Harrodsburg, 
about 1894. 

The following decade was spent in the practice of law at Middle- 
bourne, West Virginia. After 1904, he removed to Sistersville, and while 
engaged there in his professional pursuits, he was elected and served two 
terms in the state legislature, and in 1909 he attained the important post 
of speaker in the West \'irginia House. That same year in the month of 
May, he came to Fluntington and under the firm name, Xeal & Strickling, 
formed a partnership with George I. Neal. Mr. Strickling's political suc- 
cess is due to his remarkable legal attainments, as well as a sturdy adher- 
ence to the tenets of the Republican party. His wife belongs to the old 
Presbyterian church, but he has joined the Christian sect. He is also a 
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

His marriage to Rosa C. Lewis of Harrodsburg, Kentucky, occurred 
December 27, 1902, in that city. She was born June 13, 1868, and was 
the daughter of George Lewis, belonging to a family of LTnion sympa- 
thizers, who died when she was quite young. Her mother, Hannah 
Lewis, who came of Confederate stock, died in 1905. The children of 
James Henry and Rosa C. (Lewis) Strickling are both boys: Charles \\'i\- 
liam, born January 3. 1904, and George Lewis, April 13, 1907. 



The Townsend or Townshend families of .Amer- 
TOM^NSHEXD ica are said to be of mixed Saxon and Norman de- 
scent. The family is of great antiquity in the 
county of Norfolk. England. \\'alter Atte-Townshende, son of Sir Lud- 
ovic de Townshende, a Norman nobleman, flourished soon after the 
Conquest. Sir Ludovic de Townshende perhaps married Elizabeth de 
Hauteville, sole heiress of the manors of Raynham : but de Hauteville 




c<^ 



^/ {0U.<UA^ 




WEST VIRGINIA 255 

is also claimed as one of the numerous equivalents of Townsend, of which 
equivalents further. The seat of the English marquis and viscount 
Townshend is Raynham, in the county of Norfolk, and the American 
Townsends have been fond of this name ; witness Raynham, a residence 
at Uverbrook, Pennsylvania; Little Raynham, a residence at Oyster 
Bay, Long Island; and Raynham as a local name in or near New Haven, 
Connecticut. 

Of the forms of this name, Atte-Townshende shows a probable 
meaning of the name. Other forms, attempts at translation, rather than 
transliterations, into Latin, found in ancient deeds, are: Ad-Finem- 
Villae, Ad-Exitum-Villae, Ad-Caput-Villae, and De-Alta-Ville. (This 
last is an equivalent, in poor Latin, for de Hauteville). Other old Eng- 
lish forms, less startling in character, are Tunneshend and Towneshende. 
In fact it is claimed that fifty-seven forms of this name have been found. 
The Atte seems to have been dropped in the fourteenth century. The 
tendency today is strongly towards Townsend; but, about 1580, the chief 
of the family at Raynham re-inserted the h, probably rejecting the mean- 
ing expressed in some of the Latin forms alaove, and thinking the addi- 
tion to point to the correct derivation, as his family were the land holders. 
Among the noted men of this name, Charles Townshende was Chancel- 
lor of the Exchequer, in Lord North's cabinet, under King George III. 
of Great Britain. 

Arms : azure ; a chevron ermine, between three escallops argent. 
Crest: a stag, passant; proper. Motto: Hacc gcncri incrementa fides. 

(I) The American ancestor of the branch of the Townshend fam- 
ily under present consideration, was Samuel Townshend, who was born 
in England, in November, 17 14. He died in Prince George's county. 
IMaryland, October 30, 1804. His wife, Anna, died March 24, t8oi. His 
children were: i. Volinda. died December 16. 1777. 2. Samuel, mar- 
ried a Miss Hodskin. and died February 5. 1805; their children were: 
;\Iargaret, married Theodore Wall : Daniel ; Hodskin, married Miss 
Lumsden, and their children were : William Lumsden, Henry, Edith, 
Richard Wellington, Smith, Alfred, Doc, Mary Ann, married a ]\Ir. 
Lighter, and Annie, married ^Ir. Bray. 3. Leonard, of whom further. 
4. Elizabeth, married Mr. Taylor, died April 14, 1818. 5. Marv, mar- 
ried Mr. Burch, died April 17. 1833, and had children: Samuel, Fran- 
cis, Elizabeth, married Mr. Blacklock, of Kentucky. 6. Annie, married 
Mr. Wright, died September 27. 1823. 7. Eleanor, died October 24, 
1829. 8. Frank, died at sea, January i, 1780, and was buried on Long 
Island. 9. John, born November i, 1765, died May 14, 1846. "He was 
taken with a troubled mind September 14, 1794, which continued till the 
time of his death." 10. William, married and his children were: Eliz- 
abeth, married Mr. Grififin : Annie, married James Tunille; Rebecca, 
married Noble Burch ; jMary ; Samuel, married Miss Washington : Tru- 
man : Belt: Jeremiah; Priscilla : Grafton; John T. : Ellen W.. married 
Mr. Harrison. The will of Samuel Townshend is as follows: 

In the name of Gnd. .\men. I. Samuel Townshend, of Prince Georare's county. 
Maryland, being in good health and sound mind and understanding, considering the 
uncertainty of life, and being desirous of settHng mv worldly affairs do make this 
my last will and testament in manner and form following: 

First. T give mv soul to Almighty God that gave it, hoping for mercy for the 
sake of my blessed Saviour and Redeemer Jesus Christ, and my body to the earth to 
be buried as my executors shall think proper. Now concerning my worldly property. 
First. I want my debts paid out of it that I owe in this country. Then the debts 
that T owe to some persons which lived in London. England, in the year of Our Lord, 
one thousand seven hundred and thirty-six. Now these are the names as follows, as 
well as T can remember: To Richard Colson Wallen Mareen Fenchar's Street at the 
corner of Reed Lane at the Sign of the Anchor. Tliirty-four pounds. To one ]\Iayor. 
a brewer in Crastered Fryer's Street. Twenty-four Pounds. Crissen name forgot. 



256 WEST VIRGINIA 

To a barber living in the Street against Rotheriff Stairs (name forgot), fifteen 
shillings. To another barber living in Old Gravel Lane (name forgot) One Pound 
Ten shillings. He married the daughter-in-law of Mr. Childs in the same Street. 
Their son is Grayer. He lived agains the charity school. Five shillings pay him. 
He kept an alehouse. To another barber (name forgot) Twenty Shillings, living 
in the Street facing Merchant Taylors. To widow Burton five shillings, living in 
Bishop against the church grove. To James Riggens Five Shillings, the keeper of 
the Black Bay Alehouse keeper. To Miss Croger, Milk Street, (Theapside, Five 
Shillings. To Miss Powers, Five Shillings, distillers in Chadwell Dock Stairs. 
These debts that f owe the above mentioned people if they be dead pay their heirs or 
executors. 

Now to my loving children. 

First. I give and bequeath to my son William Townshend, one negro man 
Sandy and one cow and calf, to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Annie Wright those two negroes she 
has with her, Sarah and Ary and two barrels of corn and one horse, to her and her 
heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my grandson, Samuel Burch, one negro named 
Harrison, to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Eleanor Townshend, three negroes 
named as follows: Ary, Margarette and Jeremy, one horse, one cow and calf, one 
bed .and furniture and table, half-doz. chairs with all the increase to her and her 
heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son Samuel Townshend, one gold ring to him 
and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son-in-law, Benj. Burch, one gold ring to him 
and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son Leonard, Townshend one gold ring to him 
and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son John Townshend, all the land whereon I 
now live, being part of Piscattaway Forest and one tract of land called Fault Enlarge- 
ment enlarged containing six hundred acres more or less to his heirs and assigns for- 
ever, fee simple. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son John Townshend nine negroes by names : 
Littie, Ned, Jerry, Priss, Henson, Charles, Anthony, Kate, Hannah, to him and his 
heirs forever with their future increase. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son John Townshend all my household furni- 
ture except the above mentioned legacies and likewise kitchen furniture. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son John Townshend all the stock of horses, 
cows and oxen except the above mentioned legasses. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son John Townshend, all my crops of tobacco, 
corn and fodder, carts and cider, casks and all the plantation utensils and all my pro- 
visions that is owned by me. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my sons William and John Townshend, two 
negroes named Sal and Sofy to be equally divided between them as they can agree. 

Now concerning my daughter Eleanor Townshend's property that I have willed 
her. If she gets married her husband shall not sell her property from her heirs, if 
she have any. If he doth my children hereaftei named shall take them from him. 
If she never marries her property after her death shall be divided between my sons 
Leonard and John and William as follows. Either of my three sons that shall take 
and maintain her shall have two-thirds of her property after her death and the other 
third to be equally divided between the other two. 

I appoint to my son John Townshend to be my executor to see this my last will 
and Testament executed revoking all others. 

Given under my hand and seal this the twentieth day of January Eighteen 
Hundred and Four. 

Samukl Townshend. 

Sinned and sealed and registered in the presence of William leffries, ,'Vquilla 
Wils.ni, Lenny Dawin. 

(IT) Leonard, son of Samuel Townshend, married (first) Ellen 
Young, and of this marriage was born one son. Singleton, of whom ■ 
further. Leonard Townshend inarried (second) Eleanor Cant, born 
February q, 1771, and of this marriage were born: John Leonard and 
(leorge Samuel. The brothers and sisters of Eleanor Gant, not in order 
of birth: James, and Priscilla. twins, born February 14. 1754: Priscilla, 
married Jeremiah Belt; P.etsey H., born December 17, 1775: George, 
born October I, 1757: -'Xnn. born .\pril 13, 1750: William P.. born Feb- 
ruary TO, 1761 ; Charlotte, born March 8, 1762; Joseph, born August 12, 



WEST MRGIXIA 25;) 

1765; Edward, born January 22, 1767; Wholsworth H., born November 
27, 1768; Eleanor, of previous mention. 

(III) Singleton, son of Leonard and Ellen (Young) Townshend, 
was born October 7, 1760. He married, October 15, 1812, Catherine 
Belt. Their children were: i. Unnamed child, born and died July 24, 
1813. 2. Jeremiah L., born July 7, 1814, married Tabitha Hoye, April 
25, 1843. 3- Priscilla E., born December 22, 1816, married Thomas R. 
King, November i, 1836. 4. Ann M., born August 20, 1819, married, 
November i, 1836, John Armstrong. 5. George R., born May 10, 1822; 
died December 31, 1825. 6. Singleton L., of whom further. 7. Adeline 
F., born April 19, 1829; died July 20, 1830. 8. Louisa E., born Febru- 
ary 16, 1831 ; died December 17, 1889. 9. Mary, born March 13, 1834. 
Catherine (Belt) Townshend was the daughter of Jeremiah and Pris- 
cilla (Gant) Belt. Jeremiah Belt married (first), in 1772, Eliza Skinner. 
Their children were: Eleanor, born May 10. 1773, married Erasmus 
West; Mary, born May 21, 1775, married Mr. Johnson; Eliza (Skinner) 
Belt died in 1775, and Jeremiah Belt married (second), in 1775, Susan 
Magruder, who died in 1777. Their child was: Elizabeth, born in 
September, 1776. Jeremiah Belt married (third) in 1777, Priscilla 
Gant, born February 14, 1754, who died in 1796. Their children were:. 
Ann, born in 1778, married Mr. Morrison; Charlotte, born in 1780, and 
married Mr. Jones; Louisa, born 1782, married Mr. Praetor; Fidelia, 
born in 1786, married J\Ir. Townshend; Thomas D., born June 20, 1787; 
Priscilla C., born December 9, 1789, married Mr. Jameson; Tobias, born 
in 1791 ; Maria, born in 1793, married Mr. Boone; Catherine, of previ- 
ous mention, who married Singleton Townshend; twins, born in 1795. 
Jeremiah Belt married (fourth) in 1796, Anne West, who lived until 
1856. Their children were: Sarah, born in 1797, married Mr. Boone: 
Harriet W., born September 3, 1799, married Mr. Philpot. Jeremiah 
Belt died December 31, 1819. 

(IV) Singleton L., son of Singleton and Catherine (Belt) Towns- 
hend, was born March 29, 1825. He married, January 31, 1854, Mary 
Elizabeth Jones. Their children were: i. Thomas, born June 14, 1855; 
died March 19, 1857. 2. Francis Singleton, born November 28, 1856; 
died in 1865, being run over by a car. 3. William Playford, of whom 
further. 4. Arthur, born July 3, i860, married, June 20, 1890, Susan O. 
Hamill; children: Jesse Frederick, born March 8, 1892, William Dwight, 
born August 15, 1893, Helen Elizabeth, born June 25, 1895, Arthur, 
born April 24, 1904. 5. Catherine, born December 24, 1861, died at 
Parkersburg, West Virginia, February 13, 1907; married in December, 
1886, Marshall Wellington Crane and had child, Marshall Wellington, 

born September 19, 1887. 6. Leonard Elsworth, born July 21, 1864; 
died March 17, 1899, from heart disease. 7. Robert Clay, born Decem- 
ber 2S, 1865. 8. Mary Odell, born April 23, 1868; married. September 14, 
i892,"Alonzo D. Naylor; children: Playford, born February i, 1897, 
Singleton Townshend, born February 16, 1900, Rebecca Davis, born 
February 14, 1904. Mary Drake, born June 27. 1901, and Justus. 9. 
George Smith, born February 24. 1870; died October 10. 1887. 10. Ern- 
est, born June 17. 1872. married, January i, 1899, Margaret C. Leary : 
children : Margaret Katherine, born April 2, 1902. Elizabeth Rebecca, 
born Tune 8. 1904. Eleanor Ellsworth, born August 5. 1906, Ernest Mar- 
ion, born August 12. 1908. 11. Edith Dorsey. born April 29, 1875. mar- 
ried. Tune 29. 1904. Charles Dorsey Smith; children: Elizabeth Hamil- 
ton, born T"ly ^- IQ06. Edith Dorsey. born December 2. 1908. Ara 
Townshend. born February 13. 1909. 

Marv Elizabeth (Jones) Townshend was the daughter of Thomas 
Anderson and Catherine (Smith) Jones. He served in the war of 1812. 

17 



258 WEST \-lRGINIA 

He married, October 29, 1818, Catherine, daughter of George and Mary 
(Frickj Smith. Mary Frick was the daughter of Peter and Barbara 
Frick, who were natives of Germany. Their daughter Mary was born 
in Bahimore, Maryland. The children of Thomas Anderson and Cath- 
erine (Smith) Jones were: George Smith, born October, 1819, died 
December, 1901 ; Benjamin Franklin, born September 11, 1821, died 
October, 1895; William Playford, born December 12, 1822, died Janu- 
ary 27, 1892; Thomas Anderson, born June 6, 1824, died January 16, 
1894; Mary Salome Eaton, born August 26, 1826; Odel Providence 
Eaton, born October, 1829; Mary Elizabeth, born November 8, 1831, 
died October 3, 1908; Louis Edwin, born February, 1834; John Henry, 
born April 9, 1836; Charles Adolphus, born June 19, 1838, died in 1845: 
Silas Ogden, born June 11, 1841. 

(V) William Playford, son of Singleton L., and Mary Elizabeth 
(Jones) Townshend, was born at Oakland, Garret county, Maryland, 
April 22, 1858, and died March 8, 1891, in the place of his birth. He 
was a lawyer by profession and at the time of his death he was prose- 
cuting attorney for the state of Maryland. In his political convictions he 
was a Republican. He married Martha Jane, daughter of Enos D. and 
Margaret fRae) Kepner, who was born at Oakland, Garret county, 
Alaryland, and who in 1906 married (second) John S. Alexander of 
Morgantown, West Virginia, and lives in Morgantown, West Virginia. 
Their children were: Earle Veitch, of whom further, and Margaret. 

(VD Earle Veitch, son of William Playford and Martha Jane 
(Kepner) Townshend, was born at Oakland, Maryland, September 8, 
1884. He received his early education in Maryland, first attending the 
public school, and afterward Tome's Institute, Port Deposit, Maryland, 
Later, he attended Taylor University, and after this the University of 
West Virginia at Morgantown, and while at West Virginia University 
he was made a member of the Kappa Alpha fraternity. He graduated 
from the law department of this institution with the class of 1905. In 
the same vear he was admitted to the bar, and the next year he began to 
practice in Huntington, West Virginia. Huntington has continued to be 
his place of residence from that time, where he has been engaged in the 
general practice of the law. In 1909 he became a partner in the firm of 
Townshend & Devol, his law partner being Brenton A. Devol. July 9. 
1912, he was appointed by Governor William E. Glasscock, a member 
of the state board of directors of the West Virginia Humane Society. 
Mr. Townshend is also secretary of the West Virginia Child Labor Com- 
mission. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias and is in his political 
principles a Republican. 



This ancient and honored family traces its lineage 
BR.'\NDEBURY Irnck to the eighteenth century' in West \'irginia 

and \"irginia. 
(I) Henry Brandyberry, (early spelling) was born in Virginia about 
the end of the eighteenth century. After reaching years of maturity he 
was captain of a company and was probably connected with the state mi- 
litia. He later removed to Ohio, settling in Gallia county, where he pur- 
chased land from the government. Clearing it, he engaged in farming 
during the remainder of his active career. He was a noted violinist and 
musician, and was the owner of a very valuable violin, which he disposed 
of for one hundred and fifty dollars : this instrument was afterward sold 
for five hundred dollars. He married Mary Blagg, a representative of 
the old Blagg familv of \Mrginia, members of which were noted as steam- 
boat navigators on the Ohio river in the pioneer days. Children : Wil- 



WEST VIRGINIA 259 

liam, of whom further : Nancy : Betsey and Catherine, twins. All are 
deceased. 

(II) William Brandebury. son of Henry and Mary (Blagg) Brandy- 
berry, was born in Gallia county, Ohio, in 1825, died in 1907. He was a 
carpenter by trade and was likewise engaged in farming in his native 
place, where he grew to manhood and passed practically his entire life. 
He was class leader in the Methodist Episcopal church, in Gallia county, 
for more than fifty years. He married Rose Ann Noel, born in Gallia 
county, Ohio, in 1835, daughter of Edmund and Mary (Godfry) Noel, 
her father having been born in Virginia, whence he and his wife jour- 
neyed to Ohio in a covered wagon. Mr. Noel purchased a tract of 
eighty acres of government land in Gallia county, paying a dollar and a 
quarter an acre for the same. His wife was a daughter of John and Irene 
(Foley) Godfry. Mr. Godfry was English by birth, a Tory in political 
conviction, and a soldier in Lord Cornwallis' army at the time of the lat- 
ter's surrender. He was a noted sword fencer and after the revolution- 
ary war settled in Virginia, whence he later removed with Edward and 
Mary Noel to Ohio. William and Rose Ann (Noel) Brandebury became 
the parents of eleven children, nine of whom were living in 1912: i. Syl- 
vester M. 2. William W. 3. Henry Andrew, of whom further. 4. Mar- 
tha Wymer, who died in 1866. 5. Charles Eddy. 6. George Franklin. 
7. Amantha. 8. James Robert. 9. Rome, who died aged seventeen years, 
about 1885. 10. ]\Iinnie Dell. 11. Thomas. Mrs. Brandebury died in 
1896, aged sixty-one years. 

(III) Dr. Henry Andrew Brandebury, son of William and Rose 
Ann (Noel) Brandebury, was born in Gallia county, Ohio, September 
18, 1856. He received his early educational training in the district schools 
of his native county, and this discipline was later supplemented with a 
classical course in Rio Grande College, at Rio Grande, Ohio. For five 
years after leaving college he was principal of the Gallipolis high school, 
and in 1889 he was matriculated as a student in the The Medical College 
of Ohio at Cincinnati, from which he was graduated in 1891. Immedi- 
ately after completing his medical course Dr. Brandebur)' came to Hunt- 
ington, West \'irginia, where he initiated the active practice of his profes- 
sion and where he has since resided. He has had three post-graduate 
courses in Medicine in New York and Chicago. Dr. Brandebury is af- 
filiated with the Cabell County Medical Society, the West Virginia State 
Medical Society and the American Medical Association, and his alma 
mater conferred upon him the degree of Master of Arts in 1900. In 
politics he is an uncompromising supporter of the principles and policies 
for which the Progressive party stands sponsor, and is at present (1912) 
the first chairman of a Cabell county executive committee of the Pro- 
gressive party. He was the incumbent of the office of mayor of Hunting- 
ton for two terms, from 1899 to 1901. He has also been a member of the 
city council for several terms and at the present time (1912) is a mem- 
ber of the citizens' board of Huntington. 

Dr. Brandebury married in 1887 Ida Belle Haning, born at Albany, 
Athens county, Ohio, .\pril 8. i860, and died February 10. 1904. ^Irs. 
Brandebury was graduated from Rio Grande College, Ohio, in 1883, and 
from Hillsdale College, ^Michigan, in 1885. She was the daughter of Ira 
Z. and Irene (Wood) Haning, her father being a free-will Baptist min- 
ister of note in southern Ohio for many years. They are the parents of 
two daughters : Helen Gertrude, studying at the University of Michigan, 
horn which she will graduate (classical course) with the class of 1914: 
Henrietta, a graduate of the Huntington, West Virginia, high school, 
with the class of 191 3, and will graduate from Marshall College, with that 
of 1914. 



26o WEST VIRGINIA 

The first of the Parsons family of whom the name is 
PARSONS known was Jonathan Parsons, but of him nothing is 
known beyond the fact that he hved in New Hampshire, 
and had a son Samuel, mentioned below. 

(IIj Samuel, son of Jonathan Parsons, is the first of whom there 
is definite information in the records of the family. He was a native 
of New Hampshire, and at an early age crossed the Green Mountains 
into Vermont, making the journey by means of the primitive ox team of 
that time. He first settled at ]\Ioquam where he purchased a tract of 
wild land, and improved and cultivated this for several years. He 
then moved to St. Albans, X'ermont. going from thence to Burlington 
in the same state. Here he engaged in what were in those days build- 
ing operations on a large scale. He was a captain in the train band and 
during the war of 1812 fought in the battle of Plattsburg. He was a 
Whig in his political beliefs, and later joined the ranks of the Repub- 
lican party. His religious preferences were for the tenets of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. He married a Miss Sanborn, also a native of 
New Hampshire, and of this marriage the following children were born : 
Jethro, of whom further; Josiah ; Chester; Chandler; Paulina; Ara- 
minta ; Mahala, and several who died in childhood. Samuel Parsons 
died about 1872, aged eighty-six years. 

(IIIj Jethro, son of Samuel Parsons, was born in St. Albans, Ver- 
mont, and died in 1896, at the age of eighty-six years. He was brought 
up on his father's farm, and upon reaching man's estate purchased a 
farm and cultivated it for many years. He was a man of good business 
ability and succeeded so well in his chosen occupation that at the time 
of his death he was accounted a rich man. He was a Republican in his 
political beliefs, but took only a good citizen's part in political matters. 
He married Comfort Weeks, a native of Sheffield, Vermont, and they 
had the following children: i. Henry Chester, who was captain of 
Company L, First Vermont Cavalry, during the civil war and was 
wounded at the battle of Gettysburg. 2. John Haines, who enlisted when 
President Lincoln issued his call for three months' men, and after that 
term expired re-enlisted in Company L. First Vermont Cavalry, and was 
commissioned quartermaster's sergeant. He died of wounds received 
in battle, in Washington, D. C. 3. Catherine, died unmarried. 4. War- 
ren Jethro, of whom further. 

(IV) Warren Jethro. son of Jethro and Comfort (Weeks) Parsons, 
wa.r born in St. Albans, A^ermont, April i, 1846. His first schools were 
the -"ublic ones of his native town, leaving which he engaged in farming 
and f-ollowed this occupation until he was twenty-five years of age. In 
1870 he moved to Virginia, settling on a farm near Barboursville, and 
cultivating this for a year. In 1872 he moved to Huntington, West A'ir- 
ginia, and engaged in the business of real estate, moving buildings, mill- 
ing, etc. He later purchased much real estate and is today the owner 
of a large amount of that kind of property. His whole time is devoted 
to the management of these properties. He is stockholder in the Union 
Savings Rank and in the Central Banking Company. He is a Republi- 
can in politics, and he and his wife are members of the First Congre- 
gational Church, Mr. Parsons being trustee of the congregation. He 
married, October 12, i86q. Etta E., daughter of Weeks Graves, who 
is a native of Vermont. Two children were born to them : John Weeks, 
of whom further ; Roy, who died in infancy. 

(V) Dr. John Weeks Parsons, son of Warren Jethro and Etta E. 
(Graves) Parsons, was born at Huntington, West Virginia, August 5, 
1873. He prepared at the local public schools for Marshall College, after 
which he took a course at Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio. This was fol- 



WEST MRGINIA 261 

lowed by study at the University of Pennsylvania, from which he received 
in 1896 the degree of Bachelor of Science, and two years later that of 
Doctor of Dental Surgery. For six years after his leaving the university 
he practised in Cleveland, Ohio, but in 1905 he returned to Huntington 
and has since practised there, occupying offices at Ninth street and Third 
avenue. He ranks high in his profession and has a large and exclusive 
practice among the people of Huntington. Dr. Parsons is also vice- 
president of the Central Banking Company, at West Huntington, and is 
a stockholder in the Mutual Land Company. He is a member of the 
Benevolent and Protective C)rder of Elks. In his political views he is a 
Republican, and in his religious faith a Congregationalist. Dr. Parsons 
is president of the Huntington Dental Association, and he is a member 
of the Pan-Hellenic Society. 

He married at Elgin, Illinois, September 28, 1898. Catherine, born 
in Elgin. Illinois, in 1873, daughter of Louis H. and Carrie J. Yar- 
wood, the former who died about 1910, was an early settler in Elgin, 
and was an artist of exceptional ability. Her mother is still living in El- 
gin (1913) at the age of seventy-eight. The children of Dr. John W'eeks 
and Catherine (Yarwood) Parsons are: Janet Etta, \\'arren Jethro, 
and John Yarwood. 



This family is of Scotch origin. The name Dougal was 
AIcDOL'GAL originally Dhu Gal, meaning black stranger. In the 

early history of Scotland, the clan McDougal owned 
and ruled all the islands near the western coast of the Highlands. They 
are said to have been a fierce, stubborn, but courageous and warlike race, 
and are found in the thirteenth century in opposition to the Crown. 1306 
led by McDougal of Lorn, they fought against Robert Bruce in the battle 
of Methven, and were entirely victorious. At this time Bruce lost to the 
McDougals the '"Brooch of Lorn," which was afterward stolen from the 
headquarters of the clan, but has in recent time been restored. For a 
few months after this defeat of Bruce, the clan McDougal ruled Scot- 
land ; but Bruce, having gathered together, reorganized, and encouraged 
his defeated, but not conquered troops, crushed and overthrew the clan 
in battle in Arg}'leshire. Their numbers were greatly depleted in the en- 
gagement ; the victor stripped them of their possessions of land except the 
district of Lorn ; and the clan has never recovered its pristine strength. 
The Ritchie county. West A'irginia, family of the name McDougal is de- 
scended from the Scottish clan McDougal. 

(I) William McDougal, the founder in America of the present fam- 
ily, came from the district of Lorn, in the Highlands of Scotland, in 
1762, and settled in Mrginia. He was a Presbyterian minister, and was 
soon made the minister of a small band of Scotch Presbyterians, at the 
place where Alorgantow-n has been built, in Monongalia county, \'irginia. 
In 1781 he returned temporarily to the Highlands, leaving his three chil- 
dren in the care of some of his flock in Mrginia. When he returned to 
America he settled in Kentucky, and he bore a prominent part in the 
foundation of a Presbyterian school at Danville, Kentucky, which is now 
Center College. In 1804 he went on horseback from Danville to Alarion 
county, \^irginia, to see for the first time since he had left them twenty 
years before in their childhood his children by his first marriage, desiring 
to induce them to come and live near him in Kentucky : he offered them 
large possessions, but could not persuade them to leave their homes and 
return with him. On the contrary his son, probably displeased by his 
father's long separation, positivelv refused to return with him under any 
consideration, and they separated finally, rcmaininp; fjuite apart, in mu- 



262 WEST VIRGINIA 

tual unbroken silence, thenceforth. William McDougal married (first) in 
America, in 1774, Brand, who died about 1780; (second) in Scot- 
land, . Children by first wife : John, of whom further ; Sarah, mar- 
ried Deviess ; Margaret, married Samuel Dudley. 

(II) Rev. John McDougal, son of William and (Brand) Mc- 
Dougal, died at Dunkard Mill run, Marion county, Virginia, in 186 1. 
Here he had lived the greater part of his life, having moved to this 
place before his father came to see him, as recounted above. He was an 
ordained minister of the Methodist Episcopal church, and was also a 
stock raiser and the owner of much land. He married, in 1798, Mar- 
garet Hilary, who died at Dunkard Mill run, in 1861. Thus this couple 
had more than sixty years of married life, and died in the same year. 
Children : William, deceased ; Elizabeth, deceased, married John Amos ; 
Mary, deceased, married William Toothman ; Jonathan, died in infancy; 
Sarah, died young; Osbourne, of whom further; John Fletcher; Nancy, 
deceased, married Charles Sturm ; Enos Hilery, born June 4, 1824, died 
March 29, 1875, married, August 17, 1848, Miranda Price. 

(HI) Osbourne, son of Rev. John and Margaret (Hilery) McDou- 
gal, came to Ritchie county, Virginia, in 1845, and settled on a farm at 
the mouth of Beeson, a stream in the county, and there lived the re- 
mainder of his life. He married Sarah Brumage, who survived him. 
Children: Thomas; Elias Cole, of whom further; Charles; Simon; Jo- 
seph, deceased; Enos, died in the civil war, a Union soldier; Sarah, died 
young; Alcinda, deceased, married Wigner. 

(IV) Elias Cole, son of Osbourne and Sarah (Brumage) ]\IcDou- 
gal, was born in Marion county, Virginia, 1829, died in West Virginia, 
1877. At about the age of sixteen he came with his father into Ritchie 
county, where he thereafter lived. His home was near Pennsboro, and 
he was one of the representative men of his community. Throughout 
his life he was engaged in farming. He married Berchena, daughter 
of William and Eliza (Marshall) Lawson. She was a native of Vir- 
ginia, and came across the mountains with her mother at the age of 
twelve ; she is now living at Pennsboro. Children : Enos E. ; Marcus 
M. ; John O., of whom further; William Lee; Ellen H., married Harry 
Cannon ; Charles W. 

(V) John O., son of Elias Cole and Berchena (Lawson)- ^McDougal, 
was born in Ritchie county, Virginia, June 27, 1862, He received a com- 
mon school education, and was engaged in farming until 1884. After 
serving one term as deputy sheriflf, he returned to his farm. He was a 
breeder of Polled Angus cattle, and made a specialty of fruit raising 
also. January i, 1912, he was appointed cashier of the First National 
Bank at Pennsboro, and he still holds this position. The business of 
the bank has increased in this short period by more than fifty thousand 
dollars. In President Cleveland's first administration, Mr. McDougal 
was postmaster of Pennsboro. He is a member of the Woodmen of the 
World and of the Maccabees. He married, June 27, 1883, Ingaba, daugh- 
ter of John Marshall and Rebecca (Clayton) Wilson (see Wilson III). 
Children of John Marshall and Rebecca (Clayton) Wilson : Sherman, 
deceased; Quincy A., deceased; Josephine, deceased, married Howard 
Broadwater; Lehman; William; .A.lpheus: Benjamin F. ; Lincoln; John; 
Hooper: Creed; Ingaba. married John O. ]\TcDougal. Children of John 
O. and Ingaba (Wilson) McDougal: Ora. born May 18. 1884: Ola, 
Februars' 13, 1886: Bettie, December 31. t8ot. died April 6, tqo6: John. 
July 6, 1900. 




>- — 



WEST VIRGINIA 263 

. L. Christopher Massey represents in the ]>resent genera- 
MASSEY tion one of the old and honored families of Virginia, dat- 
ing hack more than a century, during which time the va- 
rious members have been faithful in the discharge of their duties, in the 
professions, the trades, in church relations and in politics. 

(I) William Massey, known as "Uncle Billie" Massey, the first of the 
name of whom we have definite information, was a native of A'irginia, 
and died in 1885 in Raleigh county, West Virginia, whither he had re- 
moved during the civil war. He gained a comfortable livelihood by the 
tilling of the soil, and was active and prominent in the affairs of the com- 
munity. He married JMattie . Children: Steel, of whom further; 

Jackson ; Henry ; Floyd ; William ; Clark : Ruhama, deceased, was the 
widow of John Bradford ; Martha, widow of Elam Scarborough ; Mrs. 
Larkin E. Allen, who resided in Raleigh county, West Virginia. 

(II) Steel, son of William Massey, was born in Raleigh county. West 
Virginia, died in the prime of life. He was brought up on his father's 
farm, and being inured to that labor followed it throughout the active 
years of his life. He was respected by his neighbors and acquaintances, 
and his untimely death was deeply deplored. He married Caroline Cant- 
ley, also a native of Raleigh county, who married (second) James F. 
Jones, and they are residing at }ilasseysville, \^'est Virginia ; they had two 
t-hildren : Virginia, deceased, who was the wife of W. H. Clay, and Eliza 
J., wife of Squire J. L. Clay, of Raleigh county. Children of Mr. and 
?ylrs. Massey: George W., of whom further; Henry, a farmer in Raleigh 
county ; Mary, deceased. 

(III) George W., son of Steel and Caroline (Cantley) Massey, was 
born in Raleigh county. West A^irginia, in 185 1, died in November, 1895, 
also in the prime of life. He followed in the footsteps of his ancestors, 
making agriculture his life work, and was the owner of an excellent 
property which is still in the possession of his family. He took an active 
interest in politics, believing that interest the duty of every good citizen, 
and was an active factor in every movement for the betterment and im- 
provement of the community in which he resided. He married, in Ra- 
leigh county, West Virginia, Lydia Rosabelle Acord, born near Charles- 
ton, West A'irginia, daughter of William C. Acord, Esq., of Raleigh 
county. Children: i. Romanza. married Lewis H. Pettry ; children: One 
son and four daughters. 2. L. Christopher, of whom further. 3. Robert 
L., a farmer near Charleston; married (first) Lucy Snodgrass, (second) 
Twila Pringle ; has three children. 4. Mary J., twin with Robert L., wife 
of Robert L. Hopkins, of iMercer county. West Virginia ; two sons and 
three daughters. 5. Lura B., wife of R. L. Williams, of Masseysville. 6. 
Arizona, wife of C. W, Tabor, postmaster at Saxton, West Virginia. 7. 
Calvin W., now (1912) of Houston, Texas; married Josephine Brad- 
ford ; one son and tw'O daughters. 8. Virginia A., a teacher in the public 
schools. 9. Ettie, died in childhood. 'Sirs. Massey married (second) 
William G. Daniels (deceased) of an old pioneer family of Raleigh coun- 
ty. West \'irginia. 

(IV) L. Christopher, son of George W. and Lydia Rosabelle 
(Acord) Massey, was born in Raleigh county. West Virginia, April 26, 
1878. The public schools of the neighborhood and the Concord Nor- 
mal School afforded him the opportunity of acquiring a practical edu- 
cation, and for thirteen years after completing his studies he devoted his 
attention to teaching. He then became manager for the Black Band 
Coal & Coke Company, and in 1903, while serving in that capacity was 
appointed a justice of the peace to fill out an unexpired term. In 1905 
he was nominated by the Republican party and elected to the state leg- 
islature, serving for two years, and was then appointed a member of the 



264 WEST VIRGINIA 

board of education, having always taken a deep interest in the pubhc 
school system. In 1907 he served as chairman of the senatorial com- 
mittee for the eighth senatorial district and is now chairman of the third 
congressional district committee, consisting of ten counties. In 1908 he 
was elected county clerk, to serve for six years, his incumbency of office 
being noted for the utmost efficiency and capability. He is a member of 
the Presbyterian church, as is also his wife, and he is active in the work 
of the Young Men's Christian Association. He is a member of Kanawha 
Lodge, No. 20, Free and Accepted Alasons; also Chapter, Commandery 
and Shrine ; of Spring Hill Lodge, No. 140, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, of Spring Hill; of Tiskelwah Chapter, Order of the Eastern 
Star, of which he is worthy patron ; and Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, of Charleston. 

Mr. Massey married, ]\Iarch i, 1904, in Kanawha county, West \'ir- 
ginia, Mary J., born and reared near Charleston, daughter of Captain J- 
W. and Josephine (Walker) ;\Iatthews, (the former of whom was a Con- 
federate" army officer during the civil war), and granddaughter of Guy P. 
Matthews, who served as a soldier in the Confederate army. Children: 
Guy Matthews, born February 13, 1906: Eustace Lee. born January 15. 



Hon. James F. Brown, actively and prominently identi- 
BRO\\'N fied with the professional and business life of Kanawha 
county, West Virginia, is a worthy representative of an 
old family, ancient and honorable in the history of Old A'irginia. 

William Brown, the emigrant ancestor, came to the new world from 
England about 1636, and settled in Prince William county, Virginia, 
where, and in adjoining counties, his descendants resided for several 
generations. 

Dr. Benjamin Brown, one of his descendants, removed from there to 
the banks of the Ohio, where Huntington now stands, then part of Kan- 
awha county, later Cabell county, in 1805, and his son, James H. Brown, 
was born in Cabell county. West \'irginia, December 25, 1818, died at 
Charleston, West \'irginia', October 28, 1900. He graduated from Au- 
gusta College, Kentucky, in 1842, and later in the same year was ad- 
mitted to the bar. In 1848 he moved to Kanawha county, then A^irginia. 
and ever after made Charleston his home. He was an old time Demo- 
crat : he took an active part in the campaign of 1844, advocating the an- 
nexation of Texas, the then paramount issue: in 1854-55 was a delegate 
to the state convention nominating Henry A. \\'ise for governor : in 1855 
was candidate for state senator: in 1861 member of the legislature and 
upheld the L^nion, and also of the convention which formed the new 
state and framed its first constitution and was prominent and forceful 
in its deliberations and actions; in 1861-62 was elected and commissioned 
judge of the eighteenth judicial circut of A^rginia, from which he re- 
signed : during his service as circuit judge no appeal was ever taken from 
his decisions: in 1863 he was elected to the supreme court of appeals, 
served eight years ;~ in 1875 was caucus nominee of his party for Ignited 
States senate^ and in 1883' and 1886 its nominee for congress, also was 
elected to the legislature in 1882, and was an acknowledged leader of the 
house. He married (first) Louisa M. Beuhring. who died in 1872, daugh- 
ter of the late Hon. Frederick G. L. Beuhring, of Cabell county: mar- 
ried (second) Sallie S.. daughter of the late W. D. Shrewsbury, Esq.. 
who died in January, 191 1. 

James F. Brown was born Mnrch 7. 1852. He obtained his early edu- 
cation in the local schools, and later entered the West A'irginia I'ni- 



WEST VIRGINIA 265 

versity, graduating in 1873. Two years later he was admitted to the bar 
and ever since has been in active practice, his professional work extend- 
ing not only widely over his own state but into other states and to the 
supreme court of the United States. As a lawyer he has gained a high 
reputation, the firm of which he is a member, Brown, Jackson & Knight, 
being one of the strongest legal combinations in the state. During his 
long term of service in the city council the village of Charleston was 
changed to a city, and many forward movements were inaugurated, 
among them the paving system, the sewerage of the town, the construc- 
tion of a City Hall, institution of water works, introduction of street 
cars, erection of the Keystone Bridge across the Elk river, and the 
Charleston and South Side Bridge, over the Kanawha, in all of which he 
was a prominent factor. His only personal campaign was in 1882, when 
during his absence he was nominated by his party (the Democrats) as 
one of three members to be elected to the legislature. For the same po- 
sition his father was nominated by the opposing party. After an earn- 
est but dignified campaign the result showed both elected, and both served 
in the same public body. In 1890 he was appointed to the board of re- 
gents of the State University, and continued in that position under four 
successive governors, notwithstanding the change meanwhile in. the po- 
litical control, and had the satisfaction of seeing the University expanded, 
new buildings commenced, fuller equipment provided, and the attend- 
ance of less than two hundred at the time of his appointment advanced 
to more than twelve hundred at the end of his service. Likewise he 
noted the growth in the population of Kanawha county from fifteen 
thousand to more than eighty-one thousand, and Charleston advance 
from a rural village of one thousand and fifty to be the capital city of a 
new state. Mr. Brown is the vice-president of the Kanawha Valley 
Bank, one of the leading financial institutions of the state, also of the 
Southern States Mutual Life Insurance Company, and is an active fac- 
tor in many other of the live enterprises of that section. 

Mr. Brown married, September 13, 1877, at Marietta, Ohio. Jennie 
M., born in Marietta. Ohio. ^lay 5. 1854, daughter of the late John M. 
Woodbridge, for many years a leading merchant of Marietta, and his wife 
Abigail Elizabeth (Darling) \\^oodbridge. also deceased. Children: Louise 
Beuhring, born June 30, 1878. wife of Oscar P. Fitzgerald; Jean Mor- 
gan, born October q, 1880: Elizabeth Woodbridge, born October g, 1882, 
wife of Angus W. McDonald; Ceres, born December 31. 1884: Ruth 
Dannenberg, born July 25, 1889; Benjamin Beuhring, born March 14, 
iSg"^. now attending: Princeton University. 



The late Charles Thistle, for a number of years identi- 
THISTLE fied with the mercantile interests of Sistersville, and a 

life-long and mo?t highly respected citizen of that place, 
was a son of Sampson Thistle, of honored memory, and Dorinda This- 
tle, his wife. 

Charles Thistle wa^ born .\pril 29, 1861. in Sistersville, received his 
education in the schools of his native place, and at the Commercial School, 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The years of his early manhood were devoted 
to mercantile business, from which eventually he withdrew, bestowing 
thereafter his whole attention on his individual property interests. He 
was recognized as a man of superior business ability and a public-spirited 
citizen, ever moved by a generous interest in the welfare and advance- 
ment of his native city, and lending his hearty co-operation to any pro- 
ject which in his judgment would further her truest progress. In poli- 
tics he was a Democrat, but neither sought nor desired office, his unas- 



266 WEST VIRGINIA 

Sliming disposition inclining him to prefer the quiet life of a private citi- 
zen. Kindly and genial in his nature, he was a man of many friends. His 
fraternal affiliations were with the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks. He attended the Presbyterian church and no good work done in 
the name of charity or religion appealed to him m vain. ;\Ir. Thistle died 
June 26, 1903, at the comparatively early age of forty-two, leaving a 
memory which is still cherished in the hearts of his many friends. 
Throughout his entire life he was identified with his native place, and 
the Thistle Building, which his widow has caused to be erected as a fitting 
and enduring memorial of his honorable career, will perpetuate his name 
in the years to come. This structure, which is one of the finest in Sis- 
tersville, is now occupied by the Tyler County Bank and constitutes a 
most appropriate monument to a man of Air. Thistle's many sterling qual- 
ities and true dignity of character. 

Mr. Thistle married, December 25. 18S8. Louisa A., born January 12. 
1865, in Sistersville, daughter of George and Julia ( Schaal) Graham. Mr. 
Graham was a native of Ireland, but came as a young man to the United 
States and was one of the early settlers of Sistersville, where he followed 
the cooper's trade to the close of his life, his death occurring March 4, 
1895. Mrs. Graham was of German ancestry. Air. and Mrs. Thistle 
were the parents of the following children: Sampson, born April 14, 
1890, now studying electrical engineering at the Ohio State University, 
Columbus, Ohio; Margaret, born July 28, 1894. now a student at Whea- 
ton Seminary. Norton, Massachusetts; and \'irginia Maud, born Decem- 
ber 14, 1896, attending the Sistersville High School. 



\>ry little is certain about this name, except its Teu- 
HARD\MCK tonic origin. There are many parishes of this name in 

England, but derivation of the family name therefrom 
is not certain, as a similar name is found in ("lerman, and the meaning may 
be something like "warlike." 

(I) Richard Hardwick, the first member of this family about whom 
we have definite information, was born in Kentucky, and lived to be 
eighty years old. His farm was in Lawrence county, Kentucky. He had 
four sons fighting for the L'nion. in the civil war, among whom was John, 
of whom further. 

(II) John, son of Richard Hardwick. was born in Lawrence county, 
Kentucky, in 1837. He was a I'nion Mildier. and served throughout the 
civil war, in the Fourteenth Kentuckv Infantry; that he was in the very 
thick of the fighting is indicated by the fact that he was twice wounded. 
He is now living on the old farm in Wayne county. West Virginia, the 
Hardwick homestead. He married Isabelle, daughter of Lazarus Vinson, 
who was born in Lawrence county. Kentucky, in 1852, and died Septem- 
ber II, 1883. Her father, also born in Kentucky, was a lumberman, and 
died in 1897, aged seventy years. Children; Lazarus, deceased; Richard, 
of whom further ; Daniel B. : George, deceased ; William ; John ; Mav. 

(III) Dr. Richard Hardwick, son of John and Isabelle (Mnson) 
Hardwick, was born on his father's farm in Wayne county. West \"n- 
ginia, May 7, 1870. He was educated at Louisa, Lawrence county, Ken- 
tucky, and at Barboursville, Cabell cnunty, West Mrginia, at- 
tending, at the latter place, the institution now known as Morris Harvey 
College. From this, he entered the Eclectic Medical Institute, in Cincin- 
nati, from which he graduated in 1898. For seven years he practiced at 
Davis, Tucker county. West \'irginia, after which he took a graduate 
course at the New York Polyclinic Aledical School. Two years later, he 
went to Cincinnati again, and in 1907 he graduated from the University 



WEST VIRGINIA 267 

of Cincinnati. The following year he came to Huntington, Cabell county, 
West Virginia, and from this time he has had the same office, at Four- 
teenth street, corner of Washington avenue. West Huntington. Dr. Hard- 
wick is a Mason, and has taken all degrees as far as the commandery. He 
is also a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In politics 
he is a Democrat, and he is a member of the Christian church. Dr. 
Hardwick married, in Greene county. West Virgmia, January 8, 1902, 
Mollie, daughter of Sinclair and Sarah (Plymale) Roberts, who was 
born in Greene county, October 23, 1874. Her father who died July 
2, 1912, had reached the age of sixty-three, and her mother, born Decem- 
ber 12, 1855, is living at Kenova, West \''irginia. Dr. and Mrs. Hardwick 
have one child : Merlin \''inson, born October 26, 1902. 



Allen Garrett, a native of Virginia, was reared and edu- 
GARRETT cated in the Old Dominion commonwealth and there de- 
voted his attention to agricultural operations until death 
called him, at a very old age. He married Mary Nixon, of Virginia, 
who lived to the great age of one hundred years. They were the par- 
ents of twelve children, of whom, Benjamin F., is mentioned below. 

(II) Benjamin Franklin, son of Allen and Mary (Nixon) Garrett, 
was born in Buckingham county, Virginia, March 4, 1844, and he is 
now living at Maxwelton, Greenbrier county. West Virginia, where he 
has long been a prominent and successful farmer. He was a Confeder- 
ate soldier towards the close of the civil war and served in a battery of 
artillery. His wife, Ann Jane McFeeters, prior to her marriage, was 
born in Derry county, Ireland, and came to America with her parents 
when she was a child nine years of age. The McFeeters family lo- 
cated at Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, and there the father, John Mc- 
Feeters, was foreman of a rolling mill for forty years. He was born 
in Ireland and died in Conshohocken at the age of ninety-five years. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Mary Orr, was likewise a native of 
Ireland. John and William McFeeters, sons of John McFeeters, were 
both gallant soldiers in the Union army in the civil war and the latter, 
William, continued to serve in the United States army after the close of 
hostilities between the north and the south, participating in numerous 
Indian wars and serving in all thirty years, in fact, until retired on ac- 
count of the age limit. "William McFeeters is now living with his family, 
in Philadelphia. Mrs. B. F. Garrett is now sixty-six years of age and 
she and her husband reside at Maxwelton, this state. They had nine 
children, seven of whom are living: John E., mentioned below; WW- 
Ham S., of Scarbro, West Virginia ; Mary J., wife of Otho Alexander, 
of Mount Hope ; Isabel, unmarried, lives at home ; Allen, a resident of 
Glen Jean, West Virginia; Ida, unmarried, at home; and Robert T.. of 
Maxwelton, West \'irginia. The two children deceased were: Nellie 
Ellen and Frank. 

(III) John Edward, son of Benjamin Franklin and Ann Jane ('Mc- 
Feeters) Garrett, was born in Buckingham county, \'irginia. December 
30. 1866. When six years of age he came to Greenbrier county. West 
Virginia, with his parents, and there was educated in the public schools 
of the locality and period. He came to Fayette county in 1889 and lo- 
cated at Thurmond Mountain, which place represented his home until 
1899. when he settled in Mount Hope. For several years he was fore- 
man of the Thurmond Coal Company and at the age of twenty-six years 
he was elected justice of the peace of Fayette county, serving in that 
capacity for the ensuing eight years. At the age of thirty years he 
started a general store at Macdonald and conducted the same with splen- 



268 WEST VIRGINIA 

did success for three years. He is now president of the Warner Real 
Estate Company, president of the Paintsville Development Company, 
Paintsville, West Virginia, and is a heavy stockholder in the Electric 
Light & Power Company of Beckley, West Virginia. He is the most 
extensive dealer in real estate at ]\Iount Hope and in addition to his local 
land interests is a stockholder in the Harrah Land & Coal Company, of 
Charleston, which owns thirteen thousand acres of land in Buchanan 
county, Virginia. His political convictions are in accord with the prin- 
ciples promulgated by the Republican party and since 1902 he has been 
the efficient incumbent of the office of mayor of Mount Hope. Mr. Gar- 
rett manifests a deep and sincere interest in educational matters and is 
a member of the Mount Hope board of education. In the time-honored 
Masonic order he has passed through the circle of the York Rite branch, 
being a Knight Templar. He is a Presbyterian in his religious faith and 
is a liberal contributor to various charitable organizations. No man com- 
mands a higher place in the confidence and esteem of his fellow citi- 
zens than does he. 

On January 22, 1889, ^f""- Garrett married Minnie E. Burdette, of 
Gatewood. Thomas Burdette, father of Mrs. Garrett, died in 1896, aged 
fifty-eight years: he was a farmer and school teacher. His wife, ]Mar- 
inda Burdette, survives him and makes her home at Oak Hill ; she is 
sixtv years of age. Mr. and Mrs. Garrett have five children : Patrick H., 
Dennis A., John B.. Annie J. and Paul. 



Enoch Baker, of Huntington, though not of native lineage, 
BAKER can boast, if he would, of good old Anglo-Saxon stock. He 

hails originally from one of the maritime provinces of Cana- 
da, Old Nova Scotia, but has been a resident of this country for nearly 
fifty years. He has distinction as a property owner, also, and is one of 
the solid and successful business men of the place. 

(I) John Baker, was born in Nova Scotia, and cultivated the old fam- 
ily fa'-iri, in a fruitful belt at Melville Square, Annapolis county. He 
died at the age of eighty-four years. 

(II) Ward Baker, son of John Baker, died December 9, 1889, in 
Nova Scotia, aged eighty-four years. He was a prominent and prosperous 
farmer there all his days. His wife was Hannah Grimes, also a Nova 
Scotian. who died in 1880 aged seventy-four years; her father was James 
Grimes, who lived and died in Nova Scotia, also, passing away there 
when eighty years old. Ward Baker was father of nine children : Isaiah, 
deceased; Obadiah, living in Indianapolis; Timothy, deceased; Joseph, 
now living in Nova Scotia; James, living in Denver, Colorado; Enoch, of 
whom further ; Charles, now living on the old home place ; Mary Frances, 
who died at the age of four; and David Albren, died in infancy. 

(IH) Enoch Baker, son of Ward Baker, was born May 5, 1842. mi 
the old home place of the family in .Annapolis county. He went to schdul 
and remained there, working on the farm, until his nineteenth year ; then 
he struck out to seek his fortune. Gold had been found in Nova Scotia, 
and his first experience was in the diggings on the Atlantic shore of the 
province; here he remained, with no great .success, for a year. In 1862, 
at the age of twenty, he went to Boston, and remained there, following 
his trade, that of carpenter, for seven years; in the summer varying this 
rin)ili)ynient with mowing grain. In 1869 he migrated west as far as Jn- 
(liaiia|iolis. and here worked at the carpenter's trade, and took building 
contracts. For four years he prospered there, but in the panic of 1873. 
he lost all his money. He struggled on again, however, poor enough, but 
not disheartened. In September, 1877, he came to West Virginia and en- 




(^^-^.^-.^^ ^i2^y^^^ 



WEST VIRGINIA 269 

tered into the timber business, continuing in that line until 1884, and then 
spent a year in Williamson. In 1886, he came to Huntington, and settled. 
Here he has since made his home, and has been engaged extensively, 
and on the whole successfully, in the real estate business. 

Mr. Baker is now well-to-do, has numerous interests here, and is much 
respected. Though now in his seventy-first year, he is hale and hearty, a 
vigorous man, exhibiting the spirit, if not the physique, of his younger 
days, when he was a champion with both the axe, and as a mower. He 
can recall the time, when they hunted moose and bear in his native coun- 
try, pursuing "bruin," his brother and he with axes. 

Mr. Baker is a Democrat in politics, and a Baptist in religious faith. 
He has been raised a Mason in Corinthian Lodge, in old Concord, Massa- 
chusetts. He belongs also to the ^lodern Woodmen, and the Knights of 
Pythias. He married, in Huntingto